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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â« THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1974 Senators Fiddle While The Voters Bam Conservation Still In Order Oil industry spokesmen believe Arkansas motorists will enjoy adequate gasoline supplies during the summer, barring an unforeseen crisis. But to prevent shortages from recurring, the experts warn that motorists must continue conservation measures of recent months. These include lower speeds (55 m.p.h.) and putting off the unnecessary joy ride, or shopping trip. Sporadic shortages may occur, the oil people advise us, but will be local and short- lived in nature, due primarily to distribution problems. There seems to be plenty of oil and gasoline for expected consumption rates, providing folks ease off the throttle in the fashion followed during the spring. No crisis, then, appears to be looming over summer's holidays. And while residents are well advised to vacation nearer home, they are not being cautioned to cancel vacation plans, nor adviser! not to f i l l up the gas tank for a drive to nearby recreational areas. That's to the good. John I. Smith Meanwhile, though, there are subtle overtones of the gasoline "situation" that must not be ignored. There are substantive predictions inside the industry that prices probably will go up again in late summer; and there is little doubt, inside or out, that the good old days of unlimited supplies and cheap prices are gone forever. This, we believe, must increasingly be an additional consideration in items of community planning -- from Urban Renewal (where central cities may gain an unexpected bonus in proximity for the conservative motorist) to highway location and design (where lower speeds and a less robust increase in passenger mileage are to be expected). Such prospects are good if we are wise enough to seize the initiative. For the older heads, there seems ample gas to get us most places we are accustomed to going. For the younger ones, there is a looming challenge to refine and improve on lifestyles that have probably become too transient and wayward in recent years. Area Farming By JOHN I. SMITH In 10 far as total dollar vajue is concerned, the recent decline in the value of cattle is perhays the greatest economic blow that cattlemen have ever received. A decline to one-half of the August 1973 value has now been sustained by the producers of feeder calde in Northwest Arkansas. While a one-half drop has not accurred in the sale value of fat llOfl pound steers, the feeders of those steers have been hurt badly by the high price of feed. However, the financial condition of our Northwest Arkansas cattlemen remains much better than at several times in the past, and they, therefore, can perhaps adjust to Uie situation. Certainly our cattlemen are in better shape than they were in the thirties when the drouths brought their cattle to a hone- less thin condition and when the low price they received would hardly pay the railroad freight bill. While the drop has bean great, some few steer calves this last Saturday brought '10 cents, average 350 pound calves brought 35 cents, and poorer grade calves brought 30 cents or less. Of course, this is a great drop from the 70 cent market of August, 1973. A fair estimate of the total loss in inventory value of the 90,000 cattle which we have in Washington County is around eight to ten million dollars. How many business firms could stand such loss of value in their i n v e n t o r y without going b a n k r u p t ? Yet, the cattle farmers of Washington County this last Saturday, or many of them, were making hay in preparation for another season of feeder calf production. They are a sturdy lot, and we hope t h a t they will suffer no further loss. H O W E V E R , WHEN o n e considers catastrophes. 'his cattle loss may not be as great as the crop-loss from surplus rain water in the Northern grain belt or in the delta crop section of Eastern Arkansas and in other river sections. Those traveling through these covered with water, and that millions of acres have been covered with water, an dth;it cotton, rice and corn were ruined. While it is extremely late to replant cotton, a good crop of soybeans might be obtained. Big machines can plant those acres very fast, and a late frost this fall (as in case of last year) might allow a crop to mature. We hope so, most earnestly. from Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO An organizational meeting of W a s h i n g t o n County Young Democrats will be held at 7 p.m. Saturday at the Mountain Inn Ozark Kitchen. Jim Blair, temporary c h a i r m a n , said tin? club is being organized to re-charter a club which disbanded several years ago. The trip is over for f o u r hikers who thought they could so VEARS AGO Over a hundred editors, publishers and members of their families are here attending the 52nd annual convention of the Arkansas Slate Press Association. Headquarters for the Press Association are on M o u n t Sequoyah and indications are for an excellent session. Approximately 200 are expected for the entire attendance. Teachers' examinations for the county a r e being held at Room 38, University Main fOO YEARS AGO Too Bad -- Conner's ice hart almost played o u t . and Fayetteville has not enough to run her through the summer months. We learn that the Fayotteville Cornet Band a r e m a k i n g preparations to give a concert. The boys are rapidly improving, and we predict will Â·given an "enter- make it to Harrison from Snringdale over the mountains. A f t e r reaching War Eagle in five and a h a l f days, the group caught rides back to Springdale. Springdale. An 18-year-old escape artist was back in the Bcnton County j a i l today, presumably plotting tiis third break-out in a row. Building today and tomorrow under the supervision of 0. W. Bass. County Superintendent of education. The exams are being held at the University for the convenience of those attending summer sessions. The Christian Church at Farminglon. founded 36 years ago .will hold anniversary services next Sunday. Rev. N. .M. Kagland and Rev. U. P. Walden will preach. t a i n m e n t well w o r t h y of patron- i go. See t h a t every voter turns out on next Tuesday. All persons 21 years of age can vote. without being registered. Exercise the right of f r e e men and vote for Convention. Send good men as delegates. They'll Do It Every Time UKTIP/ RESTROOMS: MESS/ CKINKMG KXJNWIMS! PlRTY W1NPOWS. 1 TRASH ON TH6 aoo?-trt. etc. ere-'- for now NEAT Does sue KEEP HEB OWN COOP? BW50H JÂ« IMON, THIS ALL reminds of the story of the man who complained of his crippled foot u n t i l he saw a man who had no fort at all. The ASCS, which has crippled greatly last year because f u n d s were impounded, now is back in normal aid to the farmers very much as before. The farmers are now receiving letters from t h e county administrators offering assistance in the planting, limin gand fertilizing of permanent cover crops and in other measures. Let the cattlemen, who have been hit h a r d , investigate very soon and see what help they can get in establishing still better pastures than they now have. This kind of good management is one way to offset some of the losses which they have sustained. What Others Say KISSIN' Now that streaking seems to have gone She .way of all flesh, and vanished as the morning dew, another fart, right on cue is waiting to distract those tired of going tq work and w a t c h i n g t e l e v i s i o n . It's marathon kissing. All around the breathless l a n d , we are i n f o r m e d , or at least in scattered spots, couples w i t h nothing belter to do are freezing in a m a t o r y embrace, like models for a Rodin sculpture, u n t i l one or both desist from exhaustion or boredom. This makes about as much sense as marathon dancing, one of the peculiarities of the "iMOs. but sense, of course, has nothing to do with il. All the same, it is hard to say t h a t it will enjoy the success of streaking. Streaking, after all, enjoyed at least a temporary s t i m u l u s from the t h r i l l of the forbidden, since (he unclothed human form is still viewed w i t h a l a r m in most official quarters. But kissing? Movies. television, magazines, actors and politicians have long since turned the kiss into a ceremnny only slightlv less public llin'n the handshake. Would we have a handshaking marathon? Well, maybe we would. Anyhow, it will be surprising if this one catches on -- even if it is spring. A l i i t l e 'siting may go a long way. but 12 or 2-1 or 48 hours of continuous osculation (with five minute breaks for n o r m a l b r e a t h i n g ) ought to lake the fun oul of it for anybody. But it would certainly be a great lesson in the virtue? of rro^ n raticn. -Asheville (N.C Citizen By JACK ANDERSON Â·WASHINGTON -- Soaring prices are d r i v i n g the poor, particularly old people with fixed incomes, to eating cheap dog and cat foods. This is the stark f i n d i n g of a confidential Senate n u t r i t i o n sludv My associate Les Whilten tried some of the pet foods, which suddenly a r e selling big in the ghettos and communities for the impoverished elderly. He f o u n d Â· the canned pet foods, though edible, had a rank tasle whic hmade him queasy The dry foods, sold in bulk riuantilies, were coarse tasting and hard to swallow. When he mixed them with waler and salted them, they were at least palatable. Peanut butter or cheese spread made, dry dog foods easier to get down, he found. But the poor seldom can a f f o r d these tasty spreads. T h e confidential study, prepared by nationally known exports for the Senate Nutrition Committee, reports that high costs are increasing Llle demand for cheaper Foods even among the Ijetter-to-do. "For the poor, however, who already arc consuming generally the lowest cost and lowest quality food items, there is virtually no flexibility to items," the study declares, switch to lower cost f ood T h e r e f o r e , they "eat less...and switch to foods that are not designed for hum:m consumption, that is, pot sale of pet food rose by 12 pr;r cent over the first nine mon fis of 1373." The Washington Merry-Go-Round Estimates the study: "As much as one-third of the pet foods sold in ghetto areas (are) being used for human consumption. For areas with high proportions of elderly poor, the estimates (arc) even higher." The proud but poor, embarrassed over their poverty, are furtively buying pet Foods to feed themselves and their families, indicates the study. Wage increases only tighten the squec/e on the truly poor by d r i v i n g up the d e m a n d and, therefore, the cost of meats. For those on fixed incomes, the struggle to stay alive is becoming more difficult. N u t r i t i o n chairman Sen. George McGovern, D-S.D., and ranking Sen. Charles Percy, R- 111., will explore the world food prohlem at hearings beginning this week. JOBS FOR SALE?: No one who knows Bob Dole, the personable senator from Kansas, belieces he would peddle federal jobs for campaign contributions. Yet we have found more than two dozen government workers on his list of 'campaign contributors. Of these, 23 are political appointees, who normally would have required clearance from Dole. Some claim they never sought Dole's support, but m a n y admit they asked for his endorsement. U.S. Attorney Robert .1. Roth of Wichita, for example, told us he owed Dole his job. "All U.S. attorneys are appointed through their home senators," Roth said. He has contributed $100 to Dole's campaign. Dr. Andrew Adams, formerly a top Veterans Administration official, now at Health, Education and Welfare, asked for Dole's endorsement. "He Jld recommend me." admitted Adams. He has now kicked in $650 to Dole's campaien. Robert Hoffman wangled a job as an Agriculture Department lawyer, with the help of Dole's office. He is a $100 Dole contributor. Deryl Schuster, a Small Business Administration district director, acknowledged that "Dole was involved in helping me get (the job)." Schuster has forked over $50. Among other federal officials who have donated to Dole's reelection this year are Robert Rehein, managing director of t h e Interstate Commerce Commission. $150; John Droge, an Environmental Protecti-m Agency economist, $150: Glenn Weir, an associate agriculture administrator, $250; Interior Solicitor Kent Frizzell, $S50; Joseph Parker, vice chairman foods." The world population expansion makes the plight of the poor even more precarious, contends the report. The nutrition experts found that chicken and beef are vanishing from the diet of the poor. At the same time, "the The Pyramids At Home The Lawyers' Own Dilemma These are hard times for U.S. Attorneys General. Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell is still under indictment for conspiracy and obstruction of justice in the Watergate case, although he was acquitted in the Robert L. Vesco conspiracy case. Richard G. Klemdienst, after extensive plea bargaining, just became the first Attorney General in the nation's history to plead guilty to a c r i m i n a l offense-lying to a Senate commiltce hearings, former Attorney General Elliott I,. Richardson is contemplating how he can get bur.: ..: o politics since his resignation during the "Saturday Night Massacre" last October, when he refused to carry out President Nixon's order fo fire special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. So when the N a t i o n a l Association of Attorneys General (NAAG) holds ils 68th annual meeting June 23-26 in Cocur D'Alene, Idaho, its leading speaker will be Nixon's latest Attorney General, William B. Saxbe. No stranger to controversy. Saxbe is an outspoken, former U.S. senator from Ohio who has earned the label of maverick. Among his more memorable comments are a remark t h a t President Nixon appeared "(o h a v e left his senses" for the Christmas 1972 bombing resumption in Vietnam; his description of the Senate Watergate Committee as a "kangaroo court" conducting a "Roman holiday;" his characterization of John D. Ehrlichman and H. R. Haldeman as "Nazis"; his assertion that Patricia Hearst was one of a group of "common criminals"; and his declaration that the "Jewish intellectual" was "very enamored of the Communist Party" during the McCarthy era. B u t t h e controversies surrounding the office of Attorney Genera] in recent years extend to the entire 'legal p r o f e s s i o n . Charges of corruption, questions of ethics, doubts atxuit competence and s o a r i n g legal fees have seriously undermined public confidence in lawyers at all levels. John W. Dean III. former White House counsel and c o n f e s s e d Watergate conspirator, expressed the .view of many Americans when he asked: "How in God's name could so many lawyers get involved in something like ihis?" When some 40 state attorneys general gather at the NAAG meeting in Idaho this month, S a x b e will discuss (he r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s a n d i n - terrelationships of law enforcement agencies while ' FBI Director Clarence M. Kelley will talk about the security and privacy of criminal justice information systems. But the prime topic of conversation is quite likely to be the reputation of the legal profession itself, and John Dean's nagging question. Solzhenitsyn s Chronicle Like most authors. Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn wanted the widest possible distribution for his new book. The Gulag Archipelago. whit' 1 * chronicles the history of the Soviet slave labor camp system from 1018 through mid century. But unlike m a n y a u t h o r s . Solzhenitsyn also wanted the book to be available at a low price. Thus Harper Row, his publishers in the United States, have printed 1,750,000 paperback copies, priced at SI.95, along with 1 8 5 , 0 0 0 hard-cover editions bti' no; unprecedented. Viking are out well in advance of the book's formal publication date of Monday, June 24. Simultaneous paperback-hard cover publication is unusual, \\'\h 'in v.reCL'denl. Simon Sh- Prcss did Ihe same thing last year with Thomas Pynchon's novel. Gravity's Rainbow. The number of volumes in the first printing is also large, but not without precedent. Simon t SK- chuster ran off more then 200.000 hard-cover copies of All the President's Men, by Washington Post reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward. ,-inr' Bantam Books printed 2.5 million paperback copies of Jacqueline Suhann's Valley of the Dolls. But the American publication of Gulag is in itself an extraordinary tale, revolving (round a dissident 'Joreign author who was arrested and expelled from his own country after the secret police seized his manuscript and his typist committed suicide. Besides the d r a m a of Solzhenitsyn's expul- s i o n . there were difficult p r o b l e m s i n translation. Solzhenitsyn used many words known only in the argot of the labor camps, and through what has been called his "linguistic chauvinism." he deliberately chose many other words now archaic. "A well known scholar has commented that Gulag is the only contemporary book that needs to be read with a f o u r - v o l u m e 19th-century Russian dictionary close at hand," Strobe Talbott, who t r a n s l a t e d Khrushchev's memoirs, wrote in Harper's (June 1974). This is SolzheniUvn's first major work of non-fiction--he won the Nobel Prize largely on the strength of three novels. But Gulag is subtitled "An Experiment in Literary Investigation," suggesting a novelistic format based on exhaustive research. Indeed, Solzhenitsyn has interviewed hundreds of former camp inmates since his own release in 1SSC and studied thousands of documents on the purges. Ihe police, the criminal code and the camps. Actually, Gulag is only the first part at a three-volume series, with thÂ» others to be published later this year and early in 1J75. of the U.S. Tariff Commission, J200. Dole's a d m i n i s t r a t i v e assistant, John Crutcher, who donated $150 to Dole's campaign while be was an Office of Economic Opportunity official, explained: "In all political situations, It is customary for any appointed to be checked oul. People who are interested in politics give money as a matter of course. The practice," Crutcher insisted, "was in the best traditions of the Republic." True, there's no reason to believe Dole demanded or the appointees offered political donations in return for their jobs. But the line between a campaign contribution and an outright bribe is becomig increasingly difficult to distinguish. The way elections are financed in the United Slates, as Watergate has dramatized, is in the worst traditions of the Republic. FOOTNOTE: The last timÂ» we wrote about Sen. Dole, he asked us wnether the information had been planted by his political opponent, Rep. Bill Roy. D K a n s . My associate Bob Owens carefully explained that the tip had not been initiated by anyone connected with Roy or with Kansas politics. Despite this. Dole accused us two days later of printing stories "leaked" to us by his opponent. Dole didn't deny th* accuracy of the story. Instead, in the best Nixon-Watergate tradition, he tried to distract public attention with rapid counterfire. What's In Store For Ulster? LONDON (ERR) -- ' "Her majesty's government no longer has- .any coherent and immediate policy for dealing with the situation in Northern Ireland left behind by the Protestant workers' strike." So read the lead of a front-page story in The Guardian, and few Britons would disagree with it. With the resignation of Brian Faulkner's five-month-old- government, the tottering structure of British policy in Ulster collapsed, leaving only makeshift rule by Westminster in its place. Few here will publicly admit it, but nothing less than a coupe d'etat has taken place in Ulster. By bringing down the 15 Protestant and Roman Catholic ministers in the Northern Ireland Executive on May 28, the "loyalists" a c h i e v e d their greatest victory since the Home Rule crisis of half a century ago. Allhoirgh British troops remain in Ulster to preserve a semblance of public order, there is no blinking the fact that Protestant militants exercise effective control of the province. . ."IF NORTHERN Ireland ever comes to an end. " Lord Craigavon said in 1922, "it will be because the ProtestanU started fighting the British." Some such situation appears almost at hand. Although a number of Ulster militants have raised the possibility of full in- d e p e n d e n c e from Britain, Prime Minister Harold Wilson intends to uphold the constitutional guarantee that Northern Ireland will remain part of the United Kingdom unless a majority of voters decide otherwise. Ulster is "a very trying place, to be sure," The Economist of London stated. "But the day the Westminster Parliament and the British people abandon it, the breakup of the whole United Kingdom will not be far behind." Indeed, the separatist movements in Scotland and Wales have gained strength in recent years, and any breakaway or abandonment of Ulster ' would no doubt further their cause. The feeling is growing in England that the British military presence in Ulster is not doing any good. But the Times of London warned in an editorial that "to withdraw the army while retaining responsibility for internal security would not be a rational act." Evacuation could .in fact lead to a bloodbath. More than 1,000 people have been killed in Ulster oven the past five years despite the presence of troops. ..SPEAKING IN THE House of Commons. Prime Minister Wilson asserted that Britain would not continue to pick up the bill indefinitely for "the wantonly self-inflicted wounds" of Ulstermen, If the people of Ulster continue on their present violent course, they surely will face a sharp decline in their already modest standard of living. The cost of the May Â·gene- ral strike alone Is estimated at more than J500 million. The principal demand of the victorious Protestant worker! and shop stewards i s for a new election. This will probably be held later this summer. But it is widely feared that the resulting government will be an ultra-rightist regime led by Â· hard-liner on the order of Ian Paisley or W i l l i a m Craig. After five years of unremitting strife, Britons are fed up with thÂ« Ulster problem. In addition, the common front that the Labor and Conservative parties have maintained on Ulster policy shows signs of cracking. The old policies seem unworkable, and possible new ones -- independence or repar- r llon ,v~,. ^T little Promise. For the first time, there is talk of turning the whole mess over to the United Naions. Then Ul- Â·ter would be not just Britain's problem, but the world's as well.