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10 NorthwM* Arfcumes TIMES, WÂ«l., Jun* 19. 1974 Between United States And Soviet Union Detente Has Generated Increased Technological Exchanges .WASHINGTON (AP) -- Detente has generated a steadily increasing number of U.S.-So- vift technology exchanges, prompting growing concern that Russia is shrewdly acquiring U.S. know-how lo improve itfc'.military posture while giv- .Ing little in return. The situation is stirring a 'serious policy debate in Congress and among several government agencies. M a n y on ,'bolh sides believe a new nation' al policy on export controls is needed. Critics contend many American companies, with approval of the administration, are selling computers, communications systems, precision ball-bearing machines and ship-building technology which have military application to the Soviets under .what are supposed to be commercial agreements for civilian use. Some officials charge the deals have advanced develop merit of Russia's missile war- Martha Remembers Star) Of Bad Things NEW YORK (Al 3 ) -- Martha Mitchell says the "beginning of a Jot of bad things for Martha" happened on an evening when . she became bored with a movie at-Camp David and wandered into President Nixon's empty Â· bwJroom in search of somr thSriR lo read. The estranged wife of former Ally. Gen. John N. Mitchell re- la toit the incident Tuesday on WCBS - TV's "Pat Collins Sljow," on which she is n co- hdil Itus week. She said it was customary al Camp David to show movies in the evening. "This night, they had a movie 1 couldn't stand and 1 removed myself very quietly," she said. "I walked into his bedroom, threw myself on the bed and looked for something to read. In that entire room all I could find was TV Guide," she said. ' "Then he came in." "So the President didn't like you on his bed,' commented musical comedy star Carol banning, a guest on the show. Mrs. Mitchell didn't elaborate. Aaron Honored NEW YORK CAP) -- Alabama-horn Hank Aaron, the Atlanta Braves' 40-year-old home run king, is now an "honorary New Yorker" too. Aaron, praised by Mayor Abraham Bcame as "one of the world's few au*Jientic heroes," accepted New York's highest award -- the Gold Medal -- before an admiring throng of more than 800 city officials sports figures and baseball fans in front of City Hall on Tuesday. "To you kids I say, go ahra and get an education, and re member no matter bow hi^h the mountain, any of us .black or white, can climb the highest mountain." Aaron said. iead accuracy by two to four 'ears and its computer know- low by perhaps a decade. They ay Russian missiles, tanks and miltary vehicles run on ball Hearings based on American eehnology. These critics say Ihe Soviets may bo soon competing in vorkl markets with U.S. firms rom which they purchased the echnology. America is getting very little Soviet technology in return, hey say. R E L A X E D REGULATIONS The technology-science cooperation agreement signed at the Moscow summit in May 1972 relaxed U.S export regulations. M a n y American firms, in their efforts to create new markets the East, have signed far- reaching agreements with the Soviets. Administration officials be- iieve a strong technology exchange program is necessary to further detente and to achieve a favorable balance of economic: and political advantages. But some officials, noting the U.S.- USSR wheat deal, admit the Soviets are shrewd bargainers and they h a v e alerted American companies to keep (heir guard up, Sen. Henry M. Jackson. D- Wash., terms it a dangerous situation. He said preliminary study by the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, which he heads, indicates that Soviet experts are trying to acquire "significant technology ... iwhich coulel have a serious impact on U.S. de fenses." "When we start holding hcar-i ngs, I think the country will be uther startled at what is hap- lenirig,' 1 Jackson said. "Unless ie tJo something about this, here are going lo be some .hucking technology transfers." Malcolm R. Currie, director )f defense research and cngi- iccring at Ihe Pentagon, is vaging a campaign to warn U.S. industry of the pitfalls. "The Soviets have become critically aware that their great leficiency is not in scientific ;nowlcdge but rather in production technology." Currie said. "We therefore see what ap- ears to be a carefully designed .Soviet approach to acquire production technology," ic said. Especially disturbing to Currie and others are recent Soviet overtures to five U.S. aerospace firms: Lockheed, Boeing, McDonnell Douglas, General Kleclric and United Aircraft's Frail Whitney Division. The Russians are seeking jumbo jet aircraft and engines. WANT TECHNOLOGY What the Soviets really w a n t Lo buy, the critics say, is the technology that would allow them lo build their own production facilities, now sorely lack- ig in the USSR. The S o vie t s know how lo build big jets. But Pentagon experts say Soviet production techniques would not allow the Soviets to produce them efficiently enough to compete on the world market. The Defense Department, which is considering using sucl Â° P ekS2 hr si! WED " THURS " Fm " SAT - PANTY HOSE Seamless stretch rryloruS/M-MT/T.?.' Charge it. NAVAHO STYLE RUG $469 Cotton Pile Rug. Frayed. Colors. 5.77 \ejss CUBE TRAY Reg. 1 OQ 7.63 l.Z.7 Quick-freeze ice tray. YOUr NX ;sr-Â£S5? rSS^- 8-PACK BULBS 99 C J 2-PC. Both Set 3? 7 2.79 Nylon rug. Lid COTCF. 1 60 QUART 3 DISH TOWELS 4 DISH CLOTHS 24" BASKET Rid " f3 '-" 9 Ul *;89 c - 1SS. "Â«9- !Â·' 16%" diam.. plastic. Cotton terry. 13S13". Rag. 1.54 i4[Â£r* BdlV 4 ' Keg. 1.54 60-. 75-. 100-W lights. 1" Pringles 3 Pk. Potato Chips L^TjiSd Cotton terry. 15%25" ,,,....,....,.,,..,. ,..,.-^ 99e NclWt. 13',iOz. LI PUCE MATS Reg. 96e CQ- 4 Days JVC 12x18". Reversible. Lantern Pok SHOE RACK THREAD ReÂ». 2 2.69 -'*Â«Â· lor, MetaL Hokls 9 pairs. Potyester. 225 yds^ach Reg. 344 Lantern, 6v Battery TOOLBOX ** O9 S.97 %P 4Da With tray. 19x7x7 V Hwy. 718 r North a! Rolling Hills Drive in Fayetteville, Ark. anls as Boeing's 7-17 as mili- ry transports, fear Ihc Rus- Â·ins \ - ould use technology ob- ined in any such deal to im- Â·ovc (heir military airlift dpabiliiy. Rocing and Lockheed have gned protocol agreements to xplore possible civil aviation rejects with Russia. Boeing said the protocol was imilccj to the exchange of sci- ttific and technical informa- on." But the Soviet news gency Tass reported the Ireement could result cven- :ally in an American-designed rcraft plant in Russia and in e development of new passen- cr aircraft and helicopters. Another concern of Pentagon lanners is the National Secur- y Council's recent approval or a group of U.S. computer ompanies to install an air traf- control system in Russia omparable to that used by the ederal Aviation Adminis- ration. The U.S. team, headed y IBM. is competing with a "rench f i r m for the contract. This would allow the Soviets accommodate increased air ransport and to compete with irlines of other nations for ex- anded international routes. It iso would permit creation of computerized military air raffic control system they now ack. AGAINST SALES A leading congressional oppo- ent of the sale of advanced omputer systems to the So- iets or other eastern bloc na- ions is Rep. Ben B. Blackburn. l-Ga. He said American com- 1 mters were sold to Russia as early as 1953. but that export restrictions limited the quality systems available to the Russians elsewhere in the world. But through the years, Blackurn said, American computer .echnolugy has funneled into Russia, either through direct sales or through other Communist-bloc nations. Blackburn said the combination of U.S. and British computer technology has advanced development of the Soviets' multiple independently- ,argeted re-entry vehicles-- MIRVs--from two to four years. This, he said, allowed :hem to take advantage of the SALT-1 treaty to advance the Soviet strategic posture in a Lime span unanticipated in Washington. Despite owning this technology, Blackburn said, the Russians have failed in an effort to create a manufacturing base for third-generation computers. "Consequently, the Kremlin leaders are asking our electronic and computer firms to create a Soviet productive base in which to manufacture third generation and advanced scientific computer systems,' ' he said. No U.S. company can sell technical goods to Russia without approval of the National Security Council, which gets recommendations on sensitive port licensing clearances from the State Department. White House Council on International Economic Policy and the Commerce Department's Bureau of East-West Trade. Steven Lazarus, director of Ihe Bureau of East-West Trade, concedes there have /.ceil conflicts between his agency and the Pentagon on questions o! technology export clearance. But he insists the bureau is sensitive to national security and he sees "no evidence that s e c u r i t y h a s been compromised." . REASON FOR RELAXING . Explaining why technical-export regulations have been re- axed, the bureau's Kenneth S. Yalawitz said "United States government policy has been predicated on the assumption that increased U.S.-USSR trade a n d technical cooperation would contribute to the expansion of constructive relations and complement on-going negotiation on disarmament and troop reductions. "We want the USSR to look to the United States for the exchange of products and technology. To the extent that we succeed, we shall be improving over-all prospects for development of a mutually-beneficial relationship." He acknowledged there has been some concern in regulatory agencies about the seepage of technology resulting f r o m protocol agreements signed in the past two years between about 25 U.S. firms and Soviet organizations. He said an amendment h a s . been proposed to the Exporb' Administration Act. to require U.S. firms and their foreign af- iliates to re|Xrt within 15 days" im- written uiulerstanding-'- wli'ich could result in export of ligh-technology items. Undersecretary of Commerce John K. Tabor said a goal of :he United States is to obtain- -cdinology in the fields in" which the Soviets excel. 'They have large programs;. with unique and valuable ircakthroughs in mctalworking,' 1 , engineering plastics, hydroe-" cctric power and high voltage transmission techniques," h a said. "Experts advise me they., ead the world in development" of magneto hydrodynamic pow-'. er generators, which can gener- Â· ite electricity dircclly from Â· coal combustion. Some authorities hold they are strong in re-,. search, particularly in the theo- . retical fields such as physics, chemistry and mathematics." .. Tabor reported that since de- - leute the U.S. lias obtained. nine new technology from the Soviets, including a low-cost method of extracting magnesium and processes f or coolings blast furnaces, remclting met-, als and smelling aluminum. ; TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service New UÂ«*d Antenna* Color Â· Black White Boaters o Towers Free Estimates 731-7927 7S1-84K 75H2S7 OPEN DAILY 9-10; SUNDAY CLOSED WED.,THURS.,FRI.,SAT. CHECKS! Check into a smashing summer collection of sleeveless turtleneck .shells, halters and casual short-sleeve shirt jackets. Or kicky shorts and pull- on pants and skirts. All in polyester/acetate for the easiest-care wardrobe under the sun. If solids of white or berry tempt you, match them with lively - patterned checks--also in berry and white. Misses' sizes. New flattering casuals at K mart's sensationally low prices. Copyrights* 1974byS.S. KRESGC Company Hwy. 71 B, North at Rolling Hills Drive in Fayetteville, Ark.