Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on June 18, 1974 · Page 14
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June 18, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 14

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Tuesday, June 18, 1974
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14 0 Northwwt Arlcomo* TIMES, Tu«. r Jun* 18, 1974 'Law Of Tke Sea Meet To Open · By WILLIAM L. RYAN ' AP Spec!*] Correspondent . The biggest international conference in history may also be the most complex and will be haunted by f e a r t h a t although success will be hard to achieve, failure can spell disaster for the future of world .stability. A new dimension in global a f fairs takes shape as plans pro- 'ceed for the opening Thursday in Caracas, Venezuela, of the Third United Nations Conference on the Ijw of the Sea. Delegates from nearly all nations on earth will consider an agenda of 100 or more Hems, 'among them issues serious enough In the past to have impelled men to war. So a ne« phase of ocean politics begins. The conference objective is to revise concepts now severa! centuries old and compose com' .Pjex differences on such mat' t*rs as economic and political sovereignly. The going will be tough. The delegates will be groping for agreement toward a Ireatj against a backdrop of nil crisis and developing world shortages of food and raw materials WORKABLE RULES NEEDED · Since that sharpens inleres in mining and harvesting the seas for petroleum riches, met als vital lo industry and protein fqr the hungry, the situation heralds another phase of a swiftly developing clash be PI veak "have nots." Yet. in the ong run, failure lo spell out vorkable rules as the need be- ·omes more and more acute can mean future chaos. A few examples of the confer- es' major problems: --Seabed resources and fisheries. So much is at stake lhal even hough the major powers hope 'or a treaty, they imay be years rying to work out a pact ac ceplable to the majority. As land resources are used up. the sea becomes vastly more important as the sources of immense amounts of oil and ;as and such metals as copper, cobalt, nickel and manganese, although at present only the United Slates and a few other advanced countries have the technology needed to exploit all this. Conflicting concepts oi sovereignly over seabed and coastal waters will complicate matters enormously. --Territorial waters. This troublesome isstiu also affects the prospects for agreement on exploitation of the seas' resources. How far oul does sovereignly of a coastal nation extend? There never was a universal standard. The traditional three mile limit was simply the dis tance an 18th cenlury cannon ball could reach from shore. At sea law conferences ir 358 and 1960. the United Slates opposed Soviet and R e d Chinese attempts to establish a 12- mile limit, but things have changed radically since and na- ional needs haye overtaken deology. The Americans and Russians now can agree on a 12-mile lim- l, hut many a developing ' t h i r d world" nation with seacoasts. plus nations like Australia. New Zealand. Canada, Norway, Iceland, Spain and ome others claim wide offshore conlrol. Some Latin Americans claim a 200-mile imit. China, seeking to make apita], denounces the concept of the open sea, supports the 200-mile concept and insists the superpowers are colluding so :hat their ships can operate close to the shores of weaker nations. The United Stales. the U.S.S.R.. France. Japan and Britain want the fullest maritime freedom possible. An eventual compromise may involve distinction between an economic zone and the territorial sea, giving coastal nations a large measure of economic conlrol while navigation remains free lo all beyond 12 miles. --The world's slrails. The doctrine of passage needs revision in the light of all the conflicting claims and interests, but important maritime nation*, notably the super-pew- Inflation Discriminates Against Lower Income Budgets niiiiflnnifiniiiiuiiimiiiniiiiraniiinnininniiiiiiii Today In History '· By JOHN CUNNIFF Business Analyst : NEW YORK (AP) -- The an- ·nouncemenl by the Treasury that stores could offer customers change in scrip instead of "pennies during Ihe penny shortage seems innocuous enough. After all, what's a penny ·worth? . Most customers will agree: Not much. It's when the pennies are bunched, such as when the price of a can of peas is raised to 26 cents from 23 cents, that customers are irked. One penny, though, is hardly 'worth worrying about. Maybe so. But if you reviewed grocery store economics you might change your mind. A penny, insignificant as it seems to be, represents the profit on H of sales at many stores. At some it might be the profi'. on $2 of sales. One penny to each of a thou sand customers isn't goin,^ to .impress any one of them. But a thousand pennies that custom en fail to redeem makes ; mighty impression on stores. It may be as good as SI.000 in sales. T h e question arises, therefore, about how people will use Ihe scrip that some stores wil be inclined to issue. Will they carefully safcgnarc it and trade it in for goods on their next trip to Ihe store? Or will they discard it? Inflation discriminates, espe cially when it is concentrated in the basic necessities of life. Food is probably the most Ijas ic need, and that is where the biggest price increases h a v e been concenlrated. While it is true that the rlcr 0 spend more money on food fian do the poor, there is a lim- 1 to how much either can con- ume before their appetites are atisfied. As a percentage of in- ome, food expenditures there- ore might be only 10 per cent or some of the rich. The poor, however, some- imes never reach a point ol aticty. Instead, they mighl pend more than 30 per cent ol ncome on food and still be unable to satisfy the require' ments of nutrilion or the desir es of lasle. THREE STANDARDS The Labor Department has ust released three hypothetica !:dgets, for a family living 01 T m i n i m u m income, an inter mediate budget and a high judgct. The low one includes nc usuries; the high budgel in eludes many. In the period from autumn I9V2 to autumn 1073, the depart merit said, the low budget fo an urban family of four ros 10.8 per cent, but the inter mediate budget increased onl 10.3 per cent and the high on! 9.9. The main reason: foot prices. The increase during Hi period was around 19 per cent and thai increase pertained t both the rich and Ihe poor. That same study demonstra ted also how inflation dis criminates geographically, cost more to live in a metro polilan area than in rural area and more lo live in the Nort t h a n in She South. On the lower budget, for es ample, it cost $7.2.13 lo live i Austin. Tex., $8.988 in Boston and $12,010 in Anchorage Alaska. Testimony Of Two Heard By Greene County Grand Jury PARAGOULD, Ark. (AP) -Two persons testified Monday during a 3-hour session of the Greene County Grand Jury w h i c h reportedly is investigating allegations of irregularities by law enforcement officers. Those testifying were Marty Crafton, a former inmate at the Greene County jail, and Patricia Foreman, a former Greene County resident. Greene County Circuit Court Judge A. S. Harrison overruled a motion by Joe Gordon, a Jonesboro lawyer, (hat the grand jury be quashed. ·Gordon contended that the jury was improperly selected. He is an attorney for N a t h a n Wooldridge, a former Greene County jailer who is scheduled to appear before the grand jury. Gordon told newsmen that he planned to file a motion before the state Supreme Court loda; appealing Harrison's order. In a related matter. Woo dridge, who had been 'release from jail on a possession o marijuana charge after postirr a $1.000 property bond, wa rearresled Monday while h waited to appear before th grand jury. Harrison ruled that Woo dridge's property bond was ille gal because it wasn't set b Pros. Ally. Gerald Pearson o Jonesboro. He ordered that new bond be set. Wooldddg was being held in Greene Coun ty Jail Monday night. Gordon also represents Woo dridge in a SI million sii! charging malicious prosecutioi Wooldridge was acquitted in recent Greene County Circu Court trial of a charge of a sualt with intent lo rape a fe male prisoner at the count jail. ers, will resist strongly anything that might hinder f r e e passage through straits. T h e world has about 100 of them, although only a relative few are of major importance. More than one nation commands the coast in the cases of many a strait. In any case, for individual nations or groups of nations to assert exclusive con- lrol of such walers could threaten the peace of the area in question. For example: the 20 j mile-wide Dover Strait sees 400,000 merchant ships annually. Gibraltar, nine miles wide accommodates 150,000 ships a year. The Malacca Strait, be ween Indonesia and Malaysia s enormously important to j nation like Japan. Bab El Man deb, 15 miles wide, command? he entrance to the Suez Canal soon to be reopened. Hormuz 50 miles across, is vital to Per sian Gulf oil traffic. --Environment and pollution Recent experience sbockec lations into pushing pollution o the seas to the forefront of uni versal problems. The seas aounty is threatened not only by overfishing. but by a variety of dangerous pollutants, som from shipping, some from land based industry. Toxic sub stances like mercury, lead an DDT severely damage the sea' food resources. So does oil spil pumping of ballast from tankers or the dumping of soli wastes, or the outflow frpr. sewage plants, and so on. But the scope of controls anc the machinery for enforcemen can stir up wasps' nests i world where national sover eignty as opposed to super national authority remains touchy subject. Mitigation Lands For Cache Bayou Not Yet Selected STUTTGART, Ark. (AP) -Joyd McCollum of Stuttgart, hairman of the state Game nd Fish Commission, said Tonday that mitigation lands or the Cache River Bayou De 'iew channelization projec' ave not yet been selected. He called such action "a liltli iremature." No specific action regarding he Cache River controversy A r as taken by the commission Monday at its regular monthly m e e t i n g , although severa jroups interested in the out come of the Cache River miti jation land controversy attend ed. C. P. Crawford of North Jttle Rock, chairman of one o the delegations opposing th project, said that replacemen and had been designated to in elude private property ownei 3y hunting clubs near Bayoi DeView. Dick Broach, Game and Fisl Commision biologist, said th commission had made a qual tative analysis of the land, bu he said that specific replace ment lands had not been deter mined. Members of the "OK" Hunl ing Club, a group which own. land within a one-mile radius o the Bayou DeView wildife man agement area, said they concerned.that private propert will be condemned and marked as part of the replace ment lands. MeCollum said the puhli would be notified when replace ment land has been designated R. A. Nelson of Blytheville. commissioner, said he didn want to take developed huntin ground for the migitigatio land. Bumpers May Ask Legislature For More Construction Funds TTLE ROCK (AP) - The late legislature apparently will ie asked by Gov. Dale Bump- rs to supplement constfuction ppropriatons for six colleges. Bumpers said Monday that upplemenlal construction appropriations he would seek in Ke special legislative session vould total about S10 million or 11 million. However, he said an itemized list of the proposed expenditures would not be made available until later. A draft of the proposed call ists 11 construction projects at nstitutions of higher education, ncluding five campuses of the Jniversity of Arkansas. However, the d r a f t did not list t h e amount of the supplements. The draft also proposed com- iletion of construction projects dt eight state parks: Queen Wilhelmina. Village Creek laisy, Mount Nebo, Mammoth Springs, Pinnacle Mountain. Toltec Mounds and Petit Jean. Included in (he draft was a request for $4 million appro priation for kindergartens. Bumpers also said he vvoult seek money to equip new ant proposed vocational-tcchnica schools. While no amount was listed for cost of equipment at the schools, some estimates exceeded $2 million. The governor said he would seek more than $8 million for the UA Medical Center at Little Rock. The money would be used to modernize patient and renovate and expand teaching facilities. The draft also listed completion of several specific projr ects at UA campuses -- the Business Administration Building at the Fayelteville campus, the library at the Little Rock campus, the Administration Building and the Animal and Kennedy Believes Public Will Judge Chappaquiddkk 'lant Science Building at Mon- icello. O t h e r construction items called for improvements at the School for the Blind at Little lock, construction of the Pint Bluff Clinic and improvements at health and social services facilities at Jonesboro. Wrightsville, H o t Springs, Alexander, Arkadelphia and Benton. Other higher education construction appropriations were for Ihe Heallh Science Building at State College of Arkansas, Ihe auditorium and Ole Main and Peace Library at Southern State College, the steam plant and other improvements at Henderson, the Fine Arts and Physical Education Building at Ihe Becbe branch of Arkansas State University and the Special Events Building at Arkansas Polytechnic College. Pair Who Withheld Son's Insulin On Trial SAN BERNARDINO. Calif. (AP) -- A Barstow couple withheld insulin from their dying diabetic son because they thought the medication would invite "the demon back into him" and displease God, the boy's mother has told police. Tape-recorded police interviews with Alice Parker, 29, and her husband, Lawrence. 34, were played at their Superior Court IrirW here Monday. The couple is accused of involuntary manslaughter and child abuse in the death of their 11-year-old son, Wesley. The Parkers have said they BOSTON (AP) Sen. Edward M. Kennedy says the pub- the will tic will decide whether Chappaquiddick incident have any effect on his political future. "Those are questions that would have to be decided by i express whatever view , T e on it," he said. the people themselves, and as long as I remain in elective office (hey will have that oppor- tumty to they have on A car driven by Kennedy plunged into water on Chap- naquiddick Island in 1969. and Mary Jo Kopechne, a passenger, drowned. It "is a very emotional, personal tragedy to me and to the Kopechne family, and it's one that I live with each day and I regret very deeply. But there is really nothing other than indicating that sense of concern that I can really add." the Massachusetts Democrat said. Kennedy's comments came in an interview Monday on radio station WEEI. threw away Wesley's medication, believing God had cured their son during a faith healing. Player Of The Week SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -The Chicago Cubs' Billy Williams, a .471 hitter over a fivo- *ame span was named Monday as the National Leagut Player of the Week. .The Chicago first baseman had eight hits in 17 at-bats from June 10 through June IS and drove in four runs. TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service Hew U»d Anteniul Color o Black White ··rater* · Towers Free Eiti mates 751-7927 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday, June 18, lie 169th day of 1974. There are 96 days left in the year. Today's highlight In history: On this date in 1815, the Brit- sh and the Prussians defeated Mapoleon in the Battle of Wa- erloo in Bergium. On this date: In 1778, in the Revolutionary War, Colonial forces entered 'hiladelphia as the British withdrew. In 1812, the United States declared war against Britain. In 1940. during World War II. .he Germans captured the ·'rench port of Cherbourg. In 1953, Egypt was proclaimed a republic, and Pre mier Mohammed Naguib became the first president. In 1958. there was a con- :roversy in Washington about gifts received by White House executive assistant Sherman Adams. In 1961, three princes of Laos, meeting in Zurich, Switzerland, agreed to form a coalition government to unite the war-ridden kingdom. Ten years ;rgo: The U.S. Supreme Court held unconstitutional a federal statute depriving naturalized citizens of citizenship if they returned to the land of their births for three years. Five years ago: North Vietnamese forces in South Vietnam attacked two American installations near the Laos and Cambodia borders but were hurled hack with heavv losses. One year ago: The U.S. Senate Watergate committee suspended it hearings for the dura- lion of talks in Washington between President Nixon and Soviet Communist party leader Leonid Brezhnev. Today's birthdays: Actor and director Richard Boone is 57 Paul McCartney, formerly of the Beatles Is 32. Thought for today: Two things are bad for the heart -running up stairs and running down people -- Bernard Baruch, American businessman and statesman, 1870-1365. Youth Aid LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Arkansas will receive $4.6 million to provide jobs for more than 8.01)0 disadvantaged youth this summer, the U.S. Department of Labor announced Monday. Under a program of the Neighborhood Youth Corps, high school students from low- income families are placed in jobs to enable them to return to school in the fall. In addition, $210,143 was awarded by the Labor Department for summer recreation and transportation for a total of S4.01 million. That is about $800.000 more than the state received for both programs last summer. Recovery Room's Special of Specials! Standard Sofa-Reupholstered $139.00 Complete. or Hide-A-Bed . . . Includes . . . THE FABRIC Any fabric up to 10.M per yard from any of four full line e( books, including Kind, Craven, O.V.S., Dogwood, Midwest, Rosha . . . Beralons, 1*» per cart nyUxa nangahydes, verreti, etc A»y fabric NOT Seotchgardcd we wOl Sratehgard FREE! THE LABOR Removal of ALL Fabric, Tyleg of Springs, rewebbrag, gluing of Frame, repaddlng, wood touch up, any other necessary repairs , . . ALL WORK GUARANTEED to YOUR Satisfaction! Colonel was Thafswhyhi The old man could be an unholy terror.' Colonel Edmund H. Taylor Jr. swore that his Bourbon would be the best in Kentucky. And if a bungler or a sloven nail him to the wall. If a cooper delivered some white-oak barrels that were a knot off perfect, the Colonel was the kmd that'd grab an axe and stave in every barrel in the wagon. And if a hapless _.,, farmer tried to sneak less than choice small-grain corn past the Colonel, his ftiiy, they ^ say, could make every.win^ow sash in old Bourbon County rattle^ Her 'f could be a roughs tough, mean son-o£a-j something, GUI' Colonel But, oh, the Bourbon whiskey he made. Gentle on your 1 tongue ? soft in your' gullet and as smooth as limestone rocks worn slick by spring water. We still make. Old Taylor, the slow, quality way] the Colonel wanted it made. , Even now, we don't want to rile him. OldTaytor. His Bourbon. Try it «fi Pick Up ami Delivery Wiltiin a 25 Mile Radius Call 521-M15 31 Momtain, Faretteville It took years to find water dear and crisp enough for the ColonelsBomfaon. OUTbylor. Ms easy to get

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