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FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, JUNE 16, 1974 Flood Leaves Its Mark Siloam Springs residents look over water damaged furniture and rubble left in wake of Sagcr Creek flooding. Col- lapsed buildings, blocked streets and badly damaged bridges were only'part of the fifteen millioa in dam- ages estimated after last Saturday's flash flood. (TfMKS- photo hy Ken Good) Siloam Springs Begins The Long, Hard Path To Recovery By PAT DON 1 AT TIMES Staff Writer SILOAM SPRINGS -- Siloam Springs is slowly returning to normal bub the debris left in the wake of the flood of last week remains mute testimony to the devastation caused when heavy rains turned Sager Creek Into i\ rushing torrent, -Most of the buildings in the downtown section which were in the path of the flash flood are hack in business. Merchants are totaling up the damage to inventories and buildings. The losses were not covered by fJood insurance. Miraculously there were no deaths and only minor injuries sustained by the victims, who sought refuge on the roofs and upper levels of huilrtiirgs. The extent of the damage is only ]iow being reckoned and each day brings new problems, said Mayor Robert Henry. "For example; they just called and said the m o t o r at the swimming pool is burned out," he said. Damage was originally expected to run about $6 million. "It is going to be much closer to $12 million," Mayor Henry said. The city has been declared a disaster area by the state but federal action, which is necessary before any f u n d s will be available, has not been forthcoming yet. "We've had a lot of federal people in hut they can't give us any answers. They agree it looks had but can't get anything moving," Hie mayor said. "We don't know if we are going to get any help or if we are going to have lo go it alone, "We have offices sot up for a center for operation of the Federal Disaster Relief but haven't gotten anyone yet, 1 ' lie said. Federal Disaster Relief is a new program which provides help for people who have suffered losses in a natural disaster. The A r k a n s a s State Bank at 314 K. Main, didn't miss * single day of operation during the Hood. The bank was closed when the flood waters re-ached move than five Feet on the front of the building. President, Ross Stout, the first to enter, found t h a t water bad covered the counters. The m a i n vault, however escaped and the safety deposit boxes were not damaged. Ban* kei's in Fayetteville worked with the 19 to 20 employes all Sunday and into the n i g h t to gel the records and accounts in shape for business Monday. Some of the papers and ledgers were dried by h a n g i n g them on clothes lines, All of the papers we re rcsc Lie d and no c lure ucy lost, A spokesman Friday said business is going on as u s u a l . Claude Smith. owner of Smith's F u r n i t u r e and Appliance Store at 200 S. Broadway, estimates his loss at $75.000. which does not include depreciation on building and loss of business with demolition of two businesses on the same street. Henderson Fabrics and the B D Western Store buildings were undermined by I lie flood, collapsed, and had to he demolished. Smith also owns a warehouse across the street where water got up lo three feet. "We are in a mess but we arc operating," he said. Work bygan on rebuilding and elevating the flood wall at Sager Creek even before the debris of the siorm was cleared. Mrs. Juanita Fenno. who was washing store fixtures outside McCumber's Mcns Wear, 122 S. Broadway, Friday said they were "just, fortunate." She and the owners escaped the flood by breaking a window at the back of the store as water rushed in. "We were picked up by a fire truck and headed for higher ground. We were just fortunate." she said. N'ot Quite .so fortunate were three residents including the owner at the Twin Springs Tourist Court. They were rescued by firemen and volunteer workers and hospitalized at the height of the flood. The only help the city has received from relief agencies has come from the Red Cross, food stamp office and welfare, according to Mayor Henry. Congressman J o h n Paul Hammerschmidl has kept his secretary at the city, the mayor said, and askect that his office be n o t i f i e d as soon as the disas- tei designation cleared the stata office. "Looks like he is the only friend we've got. We arc p l u m b busted and I don't know how we are going to manage if we have to go it alone," Mayor Henry said. 1 Air Stripping' Test Developed A University of Arkansas professor 1ms successfully tested a method of determining tlie a- Tnonnt of organic pollutants in wastcwnler dial may he carried off into the air. Dr. Louis J. Tilbocleaiix, associate professor (if chemical engineering in the College of Engineering, said the research may have K i g r v - f i c a n t application to the contrcl of pollution from w a s t i i w a t e r sources. His project is the only one on campus that has been sponsored by Skyways Plans New Ticket Counter Scheduled Skyways, Ihc Fny- etleville-bascd c o m in n I c r airline, has placed its own ticket counter at the m a i n terminal nf Adams Field at Little Rock. President Paul Jones has announced. Previously Skyway's reservations at Little Hock were handled by the personnel of a major airline. Ron Cole-man is in charge of the office as sales-service manager. Cole-man, who hns been attending the University of Arkansas working on an advanced degree, is n former employe of Central Airlines and Ozark Airlines. the Environmental VroU'dinn A g e n c y in Washington. IXC., which financed three-fourths of the research, with the remaining f u n d s provided by the University. Tbibocleanx. with (fie assistance of graduate students and research technicians, developed a laboratory apparatus and the necessary procedures for measuring the amount of air-volatile organic ingredients in wastewaler. They were interested in the project because of the changes resulting In dissolved organic pollutants in wastewatcr hy the chemical potential differences among the organic ingredients in water and air. Commonly used names alacbed to this phenomena arc desorption or "air stripping." POLLUTANTS VOLATILE Tliibodeaux said his research team learntd that the magnitude of the quantity of volatiles was far greater than expected. A major finding was .hat approximately one-third of flic dissolved organic pollutants are l a n d pollution control may bcnc- Although the primary goal of fit from more extensive know- the project was lo develop a | ledge of air-volatile ingredients test method, t h e results of 19 lamples t a k e n from a wide range of wastewater sources indicate that "a comprehensive program should be undertaken Lo obtain definitive data oE the magnitude of the air-volatile f r a c t i o n in wastewaEer," Thibo- Porticipont Marine Sgt. Gary L. Simpson, son of Mrs. Vernon Stroud of Route 1. Lowell, is participating in "Solid Shield 7-1" a j o i n t service training exercise off the Â«Â»st coast. He is with the Second Marine Aircraft W i n i? (Utiooed at Cherry Point, N. C. Stagecoach Inn Opens Monday As Springdale Rodeo Hears SPRINGDALK -- The Stagecoach Inn opens Monday for a two-week run on the lawn of the Arts Center of the Ozarks. In former years a preface to the July I through July 4 Rodeo of the Ozarks. the Inn has been re vi vert this y c ar a s a joi nt project of Ihc Chamber of Commerce and the Arts Center. The Inn will bo open for lunch from !1 a.m. until 2 p.m. June 17 through June 21 and June 24 through June 28. On the weekend between -- June 22 and J u n e 23 -- the tent used to house the Inn will hold the Art Center's first a n n u a l arts and crafts festival, A Tyson Foods, Inc. mobile k i t c h e n will he used to prepare noon meals consisting of either chicken dinner with barbecued beans, slaw, dessert and a drink or a sandwich, potato chips, drink and dessert. AH food and help is being donated. Proceeds will go toward retiring the Art Center's debt. D u r i n g the noon -meals, local entertainment will be provided. G i f t certificates will be given away each day. Rudy Moore Sr.. an experienced horseman, will 'give free stagecoach rides during the twoÂ· week-long Inn program. Driving a coach pulled by two Belgian marcs, Moore will begin the rides at the Stagecoach Inn and circJo through the business section of town. Co-chairmen of the Inn pro gram are Tom Bain and Lynn Smith. Co-chairmen for "the noon entertainment programs are Glenda Roddey and Richard Zachary. Anyone wishing to perform should contact Mrs. Roddey at 751-7863. Co-chairmen for the arts and crafts festival are Madge McQuiston and Marion Matthews, Thibodeaux and his assistants tested industrial wastewater samples from poultry, meial, oil-field, canning, pharmaceutical. paper, fond roleum, r e f i n e r y fiber, and rochmeical industries. Pollu- cloaux said. Air pollution and tants carried off into 'the water air odor problems may result'from these industrial sources from waslcwatcr containing volatiles. Thibodeaux suggested t h a t air stripping in cooling towers or similar devices may be T pos- ible was tew a tcr treatment not excessively c o n t a m i n a t e d , technique provided the air is He artdcrt t h a t a number of areas of environmental science Welch Foods To Get State Safety Award Welch Foods, Inc. Springdale will he awarded the Safety A w a r d of Merit hy the Occupational Safely Division of the A r k a n s a s Department of Labor. The presentation will be Wednesday. The award recognized a safety program which resulted in ;i8ll,5fin man hours without an disabling i n j u r y from December 1972 to A p r i l . 197-1. Safety consultant Claud Kd- wards will present the award to John Casby. director of the Welch plant operations. include sugars, alcohols, carbohydrates, proteins, aromatics, f a t t y acids, and others. IXGRKIMKXTS These ingredients are present in the water as small solid particles and as dissolovcd molecules. Gravity sedimentation will remove the solid particles by allowing the water to stand in a motionless or near motionless condition, a fact well-known by chemists and engineers. Most pollution control plants use g r a v i t y sedimen- ation. However, all waste-waters also are immediately acted upon by two n a t u r a l phenomena which arc capable of producing significant changes in the character of the wastewater. These arc the earth's gravity and the chemical potential between the w a t e r and the surrounding air. The resultant changes in the dissolved organic pollutants, as opposed to the solid particles, are a more subtle n a t u r a l phenomena that a re i nvi s i hi o and not easily detected by the other senses. It was the air pollution caused by these chemical changes t h a t interested Thtbo- deaux and his assistants. Those who helped him in the project arc g r a d u a t e students Jack Ray Jones of Van Ruren and James Promoted .Hints ni van nuren ann Jamts Colo H. Gage, son of Mr. and i R H n h a r d t of Lafayette, Louis(Mrs. Rert C. Gage of S p r i n g - l i a n a , research' assistants- dale, was promoted lo hospital (Charles Cheng of Hong Kong corpsman second class w h i l e : M i k e Gray of Litlle Rock and serving w i t h the M a r i n e Corps!Rick Jones of Walriron lab- al Camp Butler, Okinawa. loralory technicians. Rocked By Series Of Scandals Prestige Of American Government Plummets By K I C f l A R l l J. MALOY T I M K S W a s h i n g t o n I t n r e a u WASHINGTON -- Here is a r o u n d u p of news items gathered by (he staff of our Washington Bureau. F E D K K A L I'HICSTIttK: The scries nf s c a n d a l s which have rocked the n a t i o n ' s capital have caused the prestige of the federal government to plummet, At the s f i m n t i m e people have a h i g h e r opijiion nf t h e i r state and local governments. These findings were disclosed in an a n n u a l poll taken hy the Advisory Coin mission on Intergovernmental Relations, a 2(5- mcmber b i p a r t i s a n organisation made up of representatives of federal, state and local governments. As part of its research on g o v e r n m c n t f i n a n c e s , the- commission conducts n poll each year to obtain public views on various types of taxes anil pe:p*e's a U U u d e s toward government. Asked what level of government give-; them the m o s t for (heir taxes, 29 per cent said federal, 2-1 per cent said state and 28 per cent said loc-nl. The significance is that three years ?u*o 39 per cent felt they got the most for the tax dollars from the f e d e r a l g o v e r n m e n t , only 18 per cent listed state overnment and 2fj IKT cent named local ^ovc-mmem. The same t r e n d was evident when ;x-(jple were asked what they U'lt u err iho "worst" types of taxes. This year 30 per cent mini PC! federal income taxes, compared to only 10 per cent who named it three years a HO. Local property (axes were listed as the "worst" by only 23 per cent of those pollrd this year, compared to -15 per com who branded it a bad tax three years ago. In assessing the s i g n i f i c a n c e of the f i n d i n g s , the commission tiotctl the Watergate scandal, the indictments and guilty pleas of more than a do/en former White House o f f i c i a l s , the forced resignation of S p i r o Agncw as vice president because of bribery and extortion and the disclosure t h a t President Nixon was liable for S4nll,ffOO in back taxes as contributing to the declining public a tti tildes I owa rd the nat ion a I government and the federal income t a x . POPULATION' SLOWDOWN': There has been a marked slowdown in the population growth of the United States, according to a new Census Bureau report. Last year the net population growth of the U.S. was only 1.5 million persons. This was well below t h t 2,2 million popu- l a t i o n growth experienced in 1970 and only h a l f of the 1957 growth of 3 million. Reason for the slowdown, according to the Census Bureau, is the drop in the U.S. birth rale which l u s t year was 14.9 per 1,000 people compared to 25.2 b i r t h s per 1.000 in 1957, Q U I K T HOLIDAY: It will be a quiet Fourth of July this year, for the first t i m e sinci the n a t i o n began celebrating it b i r t h d a y with noisy fireworks. T h e Consumer Products Safety Commission has Flatly outlawed ail types of firecrackers as a safety measure. Fir works injured 15.000 last year. D u r i n g the f i r s t 30 ve'ars of this century, fireworks'actually killed 4,290 people, or almost ;is many as the -1.435 who fell d u r i n g Revolutionary W a r battles t h a t w o n independence for the U.S. STAI.LKD REFORM: Congressmen who oppose reform of campaign finance laws have hit on a new t a c t i c to block their passage. They are simply boy jotting committee meetings vhere reform legislation is eing drawn up. The last three meetings of the House Administration Commit-cc, which is drafting the reform law, were unable to iransai-t any business because i quorum of the committee 'ailed to show up. Half the Republican members of the panel boycotted the last .hree meetings, while about on-3 hire! of the Democratic mem- jers failed to appear. These .stalling tactics have icen sharply attacked by J o h n [lardner, head of the citizens obby Common Cause, who claims reform is v i t a l l y needed .o end campaign fund abuses ;potliÂ»lxed bv Watergate. SOCIAL S E C U R I T Y : There was bad news in the r e c e n t 'tnnual rL'porl of the trustees responsible for Social Security funds. They disclosed that sometime in the next five or 10 years the system will be paying out more in benefits to retirees t h a n it is collecting from those still in the work force. The m a i n reason is t h a t the U.S. b i r t h rate is falling sharply, and thus there- will be less people than anticipated e n t e r i n g the work force and making Social Security contributions. There are two possible solutions to the problem: Reduce benefits or raise- Social Security taxes. Congress will never cut oldsters retirement checks, so t h i s means that sometime before the end of this decade the present 5,85 per cent Social Security tax rate will bo hiked. Right now a worker earning $13.200 a n n u a l l y has $772 deducted from his annual paycheck for Social Security. The wage base i.s expected" to vise to 518,000 by 1078, when a maximum of $1.035 will be deducted at the present tax rate.