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Editorial-Opinion Page T/ie Public Interest It The First Concern Oj Tha Newspaper 4A Â· SUNDAY, J U N E 16, 1974 Rodino Panel Relies On FBI Spadework Tropical Weather S tudy What government officials call "tho largest and most complex international scientific experiment ever undertaken" began yesterday across an enormous swath of the' tropics stretching from the west coast of Latin America to the east coast of Africa. Called GATE -- for GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment -- the ambitious undertaking is the first major international project of the decade-long Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP), sponsored by the World Mcterological Orani- zation arid the International Council of Scien- t i f i c Unions. GATE, which will last for 100 days, is a detailed ocean-floor-to-upper-atmosphere study of weather and sea conditions throughout a 20-million-square-milc area. Some 40 ships, about a dozen aircraft, and numerous radar stations, balloons and weather satellites will be used in the project. Scientists from about 70 nations will participate, with the United States and the Soviet Union most heavily involved. The purpose of GATE is to gain more thorough knowledge of the tropical region, which is often described as the "boiler" of Art Buchwald the gianl heat engine which runs the earth's atmosphere. Such knowledge may increase understanding of hurricane formation, drought origins, local weather patterns and possibly global climate trends. The tropics arc believed to play crucial role in world weather and climate since the equatorial belt receives such a large share of the sun's thermal energy. Vast quantities of heat and moisture are transferred from the oceans to the atmosphere by tropical convective systems and then move northward or southward toward the poles, greatly affecting weather conditions. Much of the information collected during GATE will be fed into computers in an effort to improve weather forecasting techniques. Weather prediction currently is accurate for only a few days, at best, but meteorologists hope that if voluminous atmospheric data can be computerized, it may allow reliable forecasts a week or two in advance. As large-scale a project as GATE is, it will be followed in 1977 by a worldwide GARP study of a similar but even more comprehensive, nature. The Long, Hot Summer Of '74 W A S I I I N G T O N -- "Hey, Marge, Patrick's home from college." "Patrick, Patrick, my. you've grown a leard. It looks very, very, very, grown-up, doesn't it. George?" "Patrick, T put new draperies on your windows and 1 bought a new rug for your floor. And I. cooked a big roast beef for you. "Why don't you lake a nice hath and we'll all have dinner Coat Makes A Comeback "Coal -- An American Asset" is the theme of Ihc Nalional Coal Association's annual convention, lo be held in Washington, D.C., J u n e 16-18. "An American Treasure" would be more like it. According to the Interior Department, U.S. underground coal reserves total 3.2 trillion tons and represent % per cent of all domestic fossil fuel resources. Some 450 billion tons arc considered readily recoverable with current technology. Only a decade ago coal had been written off in favor of cheap n a t u r a l gas. plentiful foreign oil. and promising nuclear power. Now it is being counted upon (o meet a major part of the nation's future energy needs. Compared to other sources of energy, coal Is a bargain. Edmund Falicrmayer of Fortune m a g a z i n e recently wrote: "Even coal from a brand-new mine, developed at today's high capital costs, could be sold profitably ,U an initial price of . 513 lo 522 H (on under a long- lerm coniracl, wilh suitable escalation provisions.... Even a price of $18 a ton works out to only 75 cenls per million BTU, half Ihe cost of energy conlained in Persian Gulf crude oil, and only a f i f t h as expensive as oil that has been shipped, refined into gasoline, and taxed lo sell for 50 cents a gallon at your neighborhood pump." The rising demand for coal will require thousands of additional miners and will no doubt encourage (he Unllcd 'Mine Workers union to insist more strongly than ever on rigidly enforced safety standards. The UMW's present contract with the coal i n d u s t r y expires Nov. 12. In addition to safer mines, the union is demanding a wage increase, a cpsl-oMiving escalator clause, sick pay, and a substantial increase in pension benefits. Like their counterparts in .Britain, who recently \von a big pay increase after a long slowdown and strike. American coal miners are prepared to flex their new-found muscle. From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Voting in today's special election on Springdale's refuse c o 1 i e c t i o n ordinance, ran heaviest this morning in the so VEARS AGO Charlie Cottner. identified as one of the three men who held up the First National Bank of Prairie Grove last month. was placed under arrest at .Musko- lOO YEARS AGO The a n n u a l examination of the A r k a n s a s I n d u s t r i a l Uni- Tuesday. Wednesday a n d vc-rsHy will be held M o n d a y , Thursday. June 29th and 30th. July 1st. and 2nd. On Tuesday city's two smallest wards. Traffic was light at the two larger wards. gee S a t u r d a y and lodged in jail at Sallisaw. It is understood t h a t Cottner has asked for requisition papers before he is returned here. nigh',, a concert wil !be given at University Hull by the students. Friday, July 3rd. Ihe I n a u g u r a t i o n exercises will take place. They'll Do It Every Time PuTTlNe UP WITH MOTH0 OVERWORKED SENSE OF SMEU- SMEU.ANY- Nil HASNTKEM f TOAST WfZ MCW,OR Y/EU . . . - ,, - - - ,, -i PLAYING F\ZZ Wte- SNIFF.' is rrÂ» THE MARSH- / V PEN AU- NICMT THE TV? THE /I MAOO 1 // 0(1- BilKNER? and you can tell us all about school." "It's good to have you home, son. The house has been a morgue without r you. I had the pool table recovered, maybe we can have a few games tins xveek?" "He's tired, George. Let him go upstairs and get cleaned up. You seem so thin, Patrick. We're going to have to fatten you up." "How are you fixed for cash, son? Here's 20 bucks. You probably want to go out and have a few beers with our pals." "Maybe he'd like to have a party, George. He could invile over all his friends from high school." "Sure thing. Marge, and we could play soroe tennis. I think I can still beat you, son." "Go upstairs. Patrick, and make yourself at home. My, it's good to see him, isn't it, George?" "You can say that again, Marge." "iVE WEEK LATEK "Hello, George. Was it sweltering al (he office?" "Yup. Where's Patrick?" "He's up in his room steeping." "At 6 o'clock in the evening?" "I flunk ho got in aronnd 4 this morning." "He gets in at 4 every morning. What are we r u n n i n g a- ronnd here, a Playboy Club for teen-agers?" "Now. George, don't get angry again. He had a very rough semester and he's just trying to relax." "I had a rough semester, loo. hul I don't stay out until 4 in Ihe morning. Did you talk lo him about the empty wine hot- ties in Ihe car?" "He said only two belonged lo him. 1 must say he looks worse now than when he came home from school." "And what about a job? Did yon ;isk h i m if tie was looking for a job?" "He said he's been looking, George." "I'll bet. You know (here are very few employment offices open at 8 o'clock at night." "Well, he says he's been trying very hard but no one w a n t s to hire him." "Why should they with t h a t damn beard? If lie shaved it off and looked presentable, maybe he conic] find some- t h i n g . " "Hush, he might hear you!" "I couldn't care less if he beard me or not. He needs someone to kick his rear irr. I worked in the summer w h e n I went to college." TWO W E E K S LATER "Have yon seen Patrick today. Marge?" "N'o. but I saw him in the kitchen yesterday with his pals. They ate everything in Ihe icebox." "It figures. When does he go back to school?" "-Vot until September." "Good grief. You mean he's going lo be here two (ital) more ( u n i t a l ) months?" "It seems like a long time, George, but July and August Mill go very fast." "I'm not'too certain. It seems when they're away time just whistles by. But when thÂ»y're home it doesn't move at all." (C) Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity." Titus 2:7 The world has a way of read- fng us to determine whether or not what we say is for real or if it is just a lot of words. "Faith without works is dead." By .IACK ANDKKSON WASHINGTON - At the forthcoming impeachment hearings, the case against President Nixon will be based largely upon the work of the FBI, which uncovered SO per cent of the Watergate conspiracy. This will be awkward for the Prcsidnct who has always championed the FBI. After he graduated from Duke University, he even Iricd to become an FBI agent. T h o s e w h o favor impeachment consider it good strategy, therefore, to stress their reliance upon the Fill. Contrary to the public impression, it wasn't investigalive reporters but FBI agents who d u g out most of the Watergate facts. The White House Iried to head off Ihe FBI investigation by obstructing the agents, throwing out false leads and crying national security. At White House instigation, former CIA director Richard Helms and deputy director Vernon Walters asked the FBI to lay off sensitive Watergate matters, f a l s e l y claiming it would jeopardize CIA operations. But the FBI pressed doggedly ahead. Early in 1973, the top FIJI brass checked upon the investigation to make sure it was being handled properly. Robert E. Gebhardt. who hended the General Investigative Division, reported back confidenlially lo Associalcd Director W. M a r k Felt on Feb. 23, 1973: "The handling of the Watergate investigation from the headquarters level through the field operation level was done The Washington Merry-Go-Round In accordance with procedures, both a d m i n i s t r a t i v e and investigative, t h a t are customarily employed in any major investigative effort by the FBI. "Among cases handled in the recent past in which similar procedures were followed arc the assassination of M a r t i n Luther K i n g ; Capitol bombing, March 1. 1971; and major kidnapping cases such as the Barbara Jane Mackie case." Most of the agents who developed the Watergate case, meanwhile, are still doing the sleuthing for the special prosecutors. DEATHBED P R O M I S E : F r i e n d s who arc close to the h u m a n Richard Nixon tell us he faithfully kept a promise he made to D.wight Kiscnhowcr on the late President's deathbed. Two days before Ike died. President Nixon paid his last visit to the old general at Washington's Walter Reed A r m y Hospital. "Dick," said the dying Eisenhower, "there's one thing I want you to promine me. I want you to be as good to Lyndon Johnson, as he has been to me." Nixon gave his word. Our sources say he squelched moves by his subordinates to hunt for scandals in the Johnson administration and use them to embarrass the Democrats in the 1970 and 1972 elections. "Would you go after Johnson'.'" he would ask. If he thought the revelations might Sudden Storm hurt Johnson personally, Nixon would say no. When Johnson died on Jan. 22, 1973, President Nixon ordered his full Cabinet to attend special services. "Earlier lo- day," directed a Jan. 23 mcrno to all Cabinet members, "your office was contacted with the request from the President that you attend the Rotunda services for former President John- PILL E P I D E M I C : T h e federal crackdown on heroin a p p a r e n t l y h a s caused America's drug users to turn to pills and powders meant for medical purposes Thin is the import of new figures submitted to Capitol M i l l by the Customs Service. The figures arc based on Customs seizures, which often reflect the American drug scene more accurately than do drug arrests and convictions. The new figures show that through April, herion seizures have declined almost 68 per cent during fiscal 1974, compared with the same period a year ago. Opium confiscation is down 83 per cent. Yet during the same period, the seizures of barbiturates, pop pills and other medical drugs have increased a staggering 371 per cent. U.S. drug companies, large and small, must report drug sales to the federal government. To get around this, the 1 r u g companies simply are shipping In School Cafeteria Substitute Foods Appear By Frederick L. Bcrns Times Washington Bureau WASHINGTON - Some of the meat lhal school cafelerias are serving pupils these days isn't, meal. And some of the cheese lhal Ihey soon will be serving won't be cheese. "Textured meat alternates." "cheese alternate products." and other high protein food sub- slilutes are fast making their way into school lunch programs. As it result. 25 million chi'.d- ren in His 87,000 schools that participate in the National School Lunch Program can ex- prcl counters lo be filled wilh substitutes and a formulated grain f r u i t mixture. "Alternate food" is being billed as a cost saving convenience that will make daily school lunches more nutritions and less expensive. The alternate food programs according lo the experts, will also help the 10 per cent of the nation's schools that do not now participate in the national program to do so. But. they add, it is loo early to predict how Mary and Johnny in the fourth grade will react to the new dishes. "Cook it properly or use it in high'.y seasoned food and you'll got good results." advises Norma Kocher, an Agriculture Department nutrition expjrt. "Some like it, some don't. It depends a lot on who you talk lo." ..TALK TO Kermit Bird, a nulrition program director f o r USDA's Food and Nutrilion Service, and he'll tell you lhal the meal alternates thus far have been a hit and the macaroni alternates have been, wc'.l, a miss. "There's been no bad reaction to the me.il products," Bird says, referring lo a meat substitute known as "textured vegetable product" lhal h a s been used in schools for three years. New federal regulations call for improved meat substitutes, called "textured m e a t aller- nales," lo include a variety of textured vegetable protein products with a more substantial lexlure than TVP. The reaction lo enriched macaroni, a product made of wheat and soy flour, has been cool during Ihc Ihree years'that the dish has appeared on school cafeteria counters. "There's been only a so-so reaction to it." Bird admitted. "We contacted 40 school systems and discovered that ihe acceptance of it is not as good as Ihe acceplance of regular macaroni." Yet to appear on cafeteria menus arc t h e cheese alter- nale producls. made from such nalura! ingrcdienls as milk protein and vegetable oils. Federal regulations will soon be published for the product, which would be served in macaroni and cheese, grilled cheese sandwiches and pizzas. The formulated grain f r u i t dish, which was introduced into some schools less than a year ago, is described as a source of convenience as well as nutri- lion. The dish, comprised of a mixture of enriched flours and grains with fruit in it, is intended primarily for (he National School Breakfast Program. . . A TOTAL of 11,000 schools, providing meals for 1.3 million pupils, participate in the breakfast program. Participants, in order (o earn a federal subsidy, must supply juice cereal or bread made with enriched grains and milk. "The product is ideal for schools with no cooking and cafeteria facilities," Bird re- Ihc pills out of the country to whose sales aren't subject to U.S. inspection. These wholesalers ship th* drugs lo smugglers below thÂ« border or in Ihe West Indies, who bring (hern clandestinely back into the United Stales in crale-si/.e lols. FOOTNOTE: T h e ethical pharmaceutical industry' inssils it can't control w h a t foreign wholesalers do with the drugs. The U.S. companies, however, ship huge amounts of d r u g s out of the country, knowing the amounts far exceed the needs for medicinal purposes. BASH FOR B I B L E : In (crior Secretary Rogers Morion threw a bash the other night for retiring Sen. Alan Bible, D- Ncv., and Rep. Julia Butler Hanscn, D-Wash., at the stately- Arlington House Outdoor torch lighting, wood en steps (o the palio and other frills were installed at the taxpayers' expense. P o r the Arlington House, a V i r g i n i a estate, is run by the Nalional Parks Service. food and liquor for the 100 guesls was paid from a special Parks Service "discretionary fund," from souvenir sales. The fund has been set aside for promotion, entertainment and the like. An official spokesman said Morton's extravaganza cost $2.000. An unofficial source said it was closer to $18,000. Nixon Sets Another marked. Schools that do not participate in the n a t i o n a l subsidy programs could do so by serving such a product, he noted. Under the federal meal programs, schools are reimbursed for a portion of each meal that they serve that meets nutrilion requirements. In order lo qualify for Ihe 10.5 ccnls per meal lunch reimbursement, a school gram mea lalternales c a n be pint serving of milk, a two ounce serving of meat, poultry or fish, a *i cup serving of two or more vigetables or f r u i t . a slice of enriched bread and a teaspoon of butter or fortified margarine. . . U N D E R THK alternate pro- stilution of the textured altcr- used for 30 per cent of the federal protein requirement while cheese products and enriched macaroni can both be used for 50 per cent of the requirement. Bird estimates that (he sub- stilution of Ihe rextured alternates for some meal, poultry and fish will result in a savings of S4-1 million a year. The average cosl of the Ihrce products, iie points out, is about 70 cents a pound, while Ihc meat alternates cost about 40 cents a pound. The Agriculture Department is examining regulations for Ihe meat and cheese alternatives, and is expected to publish them ing weeks. Regulations for th e ing weeks. Rgulations for Ihe macaroni and grain fruit products already have been published. "By issuing our own specifications, we 'are assuring that their use will maintain or enhance the nutritional adequacy of meals," said jerry Boling, a USDA nutrition expert. Parents will like the increased nutrition of the school meals, officials say. And, hopefully, th* kidi will like th* taste. Record WASHINGTON (ERR) -President Nixon is scheduled to arrive in Moscow J u n e 27 for talks with Soviet leaders. PRESIDENT NIXON, an avid collector of superlatives, has bagged yet another. By ihe f i m e Nixon r e t u r n s from llifi Middle Bust. White House press secretary Ronald 1.. Xicgler says, he will have visited more countries (2B) and traveled more miles outside (he United States (137.500) than any- previous President. The achievement must ba doubly satisfying to Nixon, for he also holds the title of most- traveled Vice President. In his eight years En that office he visited 5-1 countries, outdistancing President Eisenhower by a wide margin. 11 must be noted, however, that Nixon's new title of Most Peripatetic President was virtually his for the taking, No President traveled abroad until Theodore Roosevelt sailed to Panama in 1006. And no President before Franklin D. Roosevelt ventured outside the United; Stales more than once. THE PRESIDENTS .before TR were not h o m e- bodies by choice. For most of U.S. history, incumbent Chief Executives were expected to stay not only on American soil hut also as close as possible to the nation's capital. Roosevelt escaped criticism for his Â· precedent-setting Panama trip, but that was because he traveled on an American vessel and was out of national jurisdiction for only a few hours. Woodrow Wilson, on the other h a n d , aroused a storm of controversy when he announced that he planned (o attend the Paris Peace Conference. Sen. Lawrence Y. Sherman (R-III.), one of Wilson's severest critics, introduced n resolution to declare the office of President vacant when the occupant left American soil. Sherman branded Wilson's (rip as a violation of the Act of 1780 establishing the sent of government in the District of Columbia. That law provided that "all offices attached to t li e . . . s e a t of government shall...be removed (to the District) by their respective holders, and shall...cease to ba exercised elsewhere," Sherman's fellow-senators found his interpretation of the law overly narrow, and the resolution died in committee. So did a similar measure introduced in tha House. Wilson's trip to Europe, hi.i critics pointed out, would be quite unlike Roosevelt's journey to Panama. For the firft (ime, the President would leave the Western Hemisphere, go well beyond the direct physical protection of the United Slates, remain absent from the country for an extended period of time, and engage in high-level diplo- m a t i c discussions and personal negotiation at the conference table. Wilson went anyway, thus becoming the first "summit" President. IT SOMETIMES seems as If the Nixon presidency is almost perpetually airborne. In addition to his trips abroad, tha President flies often between Washington and his retreats at Camp David. Key Bise.iyne, and San Clcmente. En route he is in constant radiolclephonic contact with the White House and usually is accompanicrl by key aides. The While House, it is said, Is where the President happens to be at any given time. Some observers, including former Secretary of State Dean Rusk, have their doubts. While the President may be "as mobile as a jet aircraft." Rusk said, "it Is not clear that Ihe presidency Is ejuah so." The point Is made that a President constantly on the move loses touch with important domestic issues and thereby impairs the executive branch effectiveness. Nixon obviously disagrees, and he can be expected to log many more air miles before leaving office.