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Northwest Arkoniet TIMES, Thurv, Jun* 13, 1974 AHKAHIAS Israel's 'Go/da Years' Were Most Prosperous To Date JERUSALEM (AP) -- 11 may not go down in Israeli history Â«s the golden era. but G o 1 d a Meir's five-year premiership already is being termed "Eidan Golda" -- the Golda Age. No living Israeli is likely to 7 forget her. Some called her "Grannie"-'she is a grandmother, and olh- ' ers less charitably referred to 1 her as "the old lady"--she is 76. A politician likened her to a Â· kindergarten teacher who Â· treated her people as though they were brats. She once lauRht school in Milwaukee Wis. Admirers found an en'icin" . parallel in the Bible -- Deborah the Prophetess, who "arose, a mother in Israel." and led Ihc ; Israelites In victory over Ihc in; vaders of the Promised Land. ;. Mrs. Mcir came to power in the heady wake of Israel's lightning defeat of the Arabs in 1967, but left in controversy over the costly and sobering war last October. ' Writing of Ihe public-protest . that led to her resignation, a . columnist commented. "Golda Mcir deserved better than to go Â· down ignorninmisly to the shouting under her" office windows." ; One of her outstanding talents was to cut complex qucs tions to total simplicity. While international debates continued for years over trying lo start Israeli-Arab peace lalks by procuring a Western or Â· a United Nations guarantee t Jrotect Israel's borders. Mrs. Meir responded by asking sim- )ly, "But why is that necessary ( true peace exists';" She wanted straightforward Â«ace treaties or nothing and icr rigidity may have delayed the peace prospects now in sight via the compromise methods of U.S. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. She was called out of retirement in March 1969, as a compromise premier to deplace the jate Levi Kshkol. She was ailing and nervous about leading ihe country, but she was loo strong - minded to be a lame duck ieader. She began by choking off Ihc arguments in Israel over how much to surrender in return for peace with the Arabs. "The Arabs don't want peace," she would say. "So there is no point in the Jews arguing about it." .She refused to deal with Palestinians. To her. "there is no such thing as Palestine. I once had a Palestinian passport when Britain ruled this area. If there is a Palestine, where are its leaders? Why don't they step forward and negotiate with us?" The answer was a bitter up- sui'ge of guerrilla activity, culminating in the slaughter of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic games in 1972. Israel's reprisals, approved by Mrs. Mcir. were relentless. tier ttiesis on war and peace was simple: "When we came to the Jordan Valley -- in the 1930s -did sve want war with the Arabs? Were we sinning a g r e a t sin because we didn't want the valley any longer to be covered in marshes and malaria? We bought and paid for the land.... We said to the Arabs, 'Move over a bit, [jive us some room as well. Can't we live together in peace. 1 " The strength of her personal convictions resulted in government policies that may last for years. When the United Nations and others demanded that Israel relinquish A r a b East Jerusalem, captured in 1967, she Cost-Of-Living Raises Not On Tap For State Employes LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- An aide lo Gov. Dale Bumpers snid W e d n e s d a y that Bumpers hasn't made a final decision on whether to include cost-of-living pay increases for state employ- es and teachers in measures to be considered during a special legislative session. Kay Clinton of North Little Rock, president of the Ark a n s a s Public Employes Association, said the organization's board would meet today to discuss the matter. He said there had been no organized effort so far to get the pay increases in the call for the s|K?cial session. Both teachers and slate em- ployes will receive pay increases during the next fiscal year as a result of actions by the 1973 legislature, but the benefits have been offset by inflation, they say. Forrest Rozzcll, executive sccrelary of the Arkansas Kdu- calion Association, said he was disappointed the governor had not included teachers' salaries in the tentative legislative list but still thought the matter might be in the call. "We're hopeful that it will he incudcd." he said. "We're iiopcful (hut (.he legislature will look favorably on it." Bumpers issued a tentative list Monday of subjects for the special session. He will issue the call for the session early next week. Teachers will receive average increases of more than $5110. However, they say an additional raise of $-150 will be needed to give Ihetn Ihe same buying power they had during the 1372-73 school year. That figure is based on an inflation factor of 11 per cent this year and 10 per cent in fiscal 1975. Such a raise would cost about $9 million a year. Bumpers failure to include the raise ap parenlly was based on its cost. Archie Senator III. a Gump ers aide, said the governor had talked by telephone to David H Pryor. the Democatic nominee for governor about the session He said Bumpers planned tc talk to Pryor again lalcr l\\h week and also probably wilh Ken Coon of Conway, the Re publican gubernatorial nomi nee. The special session will affccl the new governor's 1975 legisla live program Ijccause it will de termine the revenues he wil have available. Energy Chief Says Industry Must Begin Fuel Conservation HOUSTON (AP) -- The new chief of the Federal Energy Office says there is vital need for continued emphasis on energy conservation despite the end of ttic Arab embargo. John C. Sawhill nairt Tuesday he plans to start this week a series of conferences designed lo encourage industry to formulate cflicient conservation programs. "Industry consumes 41 per cent of our energy and we must slart conservation wilh them." he said. Starling wilh Ihe automotive industry, Sawhill plans summer conferences with such industries as aluminum, steel, and paper, and, later, take up the discussions with the residential construction industry. Sawhil! outlined his plans during a news conference while in Houston to speak at the an- nifal meeting of the Texas Independent Producers Royally Owners Association. "We are to meet wilh Chrys ler and General Motors this week to seek goals lo make' au tomobilcs more efficient," he said. He said one objective is to increase automobile efficiency from an avcra-ge of about 13.9 miles per gallon of gasoline to 17 miles by 1980 and 19 miles by 1985. "That would conserve much energy as we would gain by way of (he Aiaskan pipeline when it is completed." he said. "Then, this summer, we'l ask alumnium, steel, paper and other industries lo se goals. Then will conic residen tial." Sawhill said he has set Nov.: as the target date for com pletion of the energy self-suffi cicncy plans for President Nix on's Project Independence. "Then we will hold publk hearings around the country including Houston, on these plans for Project Independence and our plans for balancing supply and demand," he said. "A large segment of the pub lie still thinks there was nc crisis, that it was jusl a hoax raise prices. One of my hardes jobs is to convince people the crisis was not created by the embargo." Sawhill was asked alwut sum mer gasoline supplies and Ihc oullook for the 55-mile an hou: speed limit. "1 Ihink llicre will be ade quate supplies this summc wilh conservation," he said. "f would like lo see Ihc 5. mile speed limil made per mancnt in t h a t it not only save; gasoline but lives." Transcript Reveals Nixon Told Mitchell To 'Stonewall' WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon told former Ally. Gen. John Milchell in March lOT to "stonewall il. plead (he Fifth Amendment" in testifying on the Watergate cwcr-up. according lo a House Judiciary Committee transcript of a White House tape. According to the committee transcript, the conversation took place on March 22 -- Ihc day afler Nixon has said lie first learned of Ihe covcr.up -and was deleted from the edited version of the tape released April 10 by Nixon. "1 want you lo slonewall it. plead the Fifth Amendment." Nixon told Mitchell, according to Ihe commillce Iranscripl, which was first marie public by the Los Angeles Times. The As- sociated Press oblaincd Â» cop today. The commitlee Iranscrip quotes Nixon as also lellin Mitchell on March 22: "But that's the way (nnin telligiblc). Even up lo thi poinl, Ihe whole theory ha been containment, as you know John." At a later point in the conver sation Ihe transcript has Nixo saying. "Thai's the thing I wa concerned with -- we're goin to protect onr people, if w can." The memo was prepared fo commillÂ«e members by Ih staff as part of a review of ih evidence so far presented lo Ih commille* in its impeachmen inquiry. WON'T BE FORGOTTEN .Milwaukee school teacher who became premier of Israel made it plain that the Holy City was now a permanent part of Israel. The memory of the Jews as an oppressed people -- the programs in the Russia of her childhood, the Nazis in World War II -- governed her thinking. She hart forged a healthy relationship with President Nixon, assuring Israel of arms supplies, and she would later call this one of her greatest achievements. Reliance on the United States has become a mainstay of Israeli policy. Israel's new premier, Yitzhak Rabin, said the relations Mrs. Meir developed with Washington were a key part of his government program. REMEMBER EATING GRASS In Ihe Golda years, Israel en- Joyed the greatest prosperity in its short history. With foreign investment and immigrants pouring in after the triumph of the 1967 six-day war, business boomed, exports leaped, and Israelis who remembered eating grass during Ihe 1948 siege of J e r u s a l e m slarled ealing sleaks. The boom was due lo circumslances, not Mrs. Mcir. but il came while she was in office. With Ihe prosperity came leisure and comfort, however and many Israelis became more interested in television and acquiring pedigreed dog? than in the Zionist ideals of building the stale. Mrs. Mci. and her generation bemoaned the new thirst for materialism. Even wilh inflation and Ihe economic slump lhat followed last October's war, the appelile for Ihe good life grew. W h i l e Mrs. Meir was en grossed with foreign affairs, Ihe ountry was faltering domes- cally. Few Israeli leaders -- erlainly not Mrs. Meir -- were olicing Ihe social ills likely to esult from the young nalion's ndustrial boom. No one ac- used Mrs. Meir of malprac- cc. but she was widely criti- zed' for having left domestic ffairs slide. QUANTITATIVE GROWTH "She had unconditional failh i her finance minister, and she as hypnotized by the quan- tative growth of Ihe economy, o she ignored completely its de-effects," says Yilzhak Ben- haron, a former labor union hief who dubbed her "Queen ictoria." It took the October fighting to ring lo a boil Ihe discontent lhat had been building even as she triumphed in foreign affairs. And for the first time, the g r i e v a n c e s were thrown directly at her But although she was blamed for Israel's war failures, she rose to what many consider her greatest in "Ihose dark hours when we thought we might lose.* 1 An Inquiry into the war concluded thai she' worked "with decisiveness and healthy sense of responsibility." Today she admits "I will never be the same again" after Ihe war. Perhaps this is the reason why the time for retirement had come to the lady wilh a preference for blue dresses and cigarellcs. She put it as simply as ever; "I am exhausted. I can no longer carry Ihe burden. I havÂ« reached Ihc end of the road." Golda's road goes on, however, and the country is likely to follow it for some time ^o come. In a 19-page speech to parliament on the plans of his new government, Rabin outlined hardly a new move that had not been charted by Mrs. Meir. Mrs. Meir's public presence is regarded in some quarters as one that provided years of calm and confidence that permitted Israel lo build itself beyond Ihe dreams of the early settler. Admirers say her steely determination helped the country survive when the calm ended. HELLO-l'M TOM BLACKBURN "SIDING SPECIALIST" SPECIAL -- $150 to $700 off nationally advertised price according to size, or stone front or 10-pair of shutters with every siding order. 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