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Editorial-Opinion PogÂ« B Merest Is The First Concern Of Trot Newspaper 6 Â· WEDNESDAY, JUNi 12, 1974 No In-Depth Probe Of Nixon Finances On Honoring Old Dad Fatherhood is receiving a lot of attention thts* days, and it may well achieve the prestige once reserved for motherhood only. Ms. magazine, for example, devoted a large E arl of its May issue to 13 views of father- ood, including comments from two single fathers. In the same issue, actor Donald Sutherland told of his experiences in the delivery room during the birth of his first child. And the April issue of Psychology Today published the results of a paternalism study of pairs of rhesus monkeys. The findings were simple: Males can raise babies, too! Yet, dad has been acquiring notice, and hÂ« will accumulate some more when his big day rolls around on Sunday, June 16. The Father's Day Council, Inc., a trade organization which works all year to make certain that no father is slighted, will surely see to that The council already has announced the recipients of Father's Day awards in Mven -- that'* right -- seven categories. Vice President Gerald Ford has snared the grand prize by winning the National Father of the Year Award. Interestingly enough, Fort follows in the footsteps of another vice president, Spiro Agnew, who won the award in 1972. "We make msitakes sometimes," said a council spokesman. For those interested in keeping track of such things, the other six awards, with 1974 winners in parenthesis, are: TV Father nf Ihe Year (Dom DeLuise); Performing Arts Father of the Year (Joel Grey); Medical Statesman Father of the Year (Dr. Michael DeBakey); Sports Father of the Year (Tom Seaver); Humanitarian Father of the Year (Christopher Edley); and Literary Father of the Year (Louis Nizer). Father's Day was the brainchild of Mrs. John Bruce of Spokane, Wash,, who wanted to honor her widowed .father. Because of her efforts, Spokane became the first city to set aside a day honoring dad, in 1910. (The first Mother's Day celebration was in 1907.) Later, in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson observed the occasion by having a Father's Day button pressed in the White House. Father's Day is now an official national holiday which falls on the third Sunday of every June, according to a law signed by President Nixon in 1972. (S. deL.) By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- At least five separate federal investigations have been conducted into President Nixon's personal linanccs. Y e t no government agent has had the audacity to make a check-by-check, deposit- hy-deposit examination of lhÂ« President's p e r s o n a l bank accounts. Not even the House impeachment investigates, who art supposed to be doing a detailed study nl the President's financial dclaings. have requested access to the bank records. Congressional sleuths and Internal Revenue agents have conducted exhaustive investigations of his financial transactions, including his acquisition of the San Clemenle and Key Biscayne estates. But apparently, the government gumshoes still hold the President too much in awe to subject him to the same kind of intensive scrutiny that other citizens have endured. . KREMLIN OBSTRUCTION: Secret intelligence reports indicate that the Kremlin was mightily upset over Secretary of Stale Henry Kissinger's success in negotiating a Syrian- Israeli truce. Contrary to press accounts, the intelligence reports declare that Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko was dispatched to Damascus not to aid in the negotiations but to ob- The Washington Merry-Go-Round tlruct them. This coincides with 1 hardening of the Kremlin's attitude toward the United States. Soviet leaders have expressed their displeasure privately over the failure of Congress to ratify trade concessions. They have dropped dark remarks about the President's failure to make good his promises. Perhaps the Soviets arc merely bolstering their bargaining position on the eve o( the Moscow summit meeting. But it is beginning to look as it the President will have to make substantial concessions to bring home an agreement, which he desperately needs to restore public confidence in his leadership. .. BRASS RING: The front pages have been exploding with headlines about the villains in the drama of government. But there have been heroes, too. whose names have attracted less attention. Today we award the brass ring, good for a free ride on the Washington Merry- Go-Round, to three of those heroes. STANLEY SPORKIN stood among those caught in the spotlight of the Robert Vesco case. For a $200.000 cash contribution delivered in a black attache case. Vesco tried to stop the Securities and Exchange Commission from Investigating his financial empire. Two former cabinet officers. Attorney General John Mitchell and Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans, were acquitted of bribery. But the testimony was clear that they tried to help Vesco. The more political pressure that was brought on Sporkin, however, the harder he pressed the case against Vesco. Sporkin is known around the SEC as a man who hates corruption, who can't be pressured, who puts the public interest ahead of all else. Richard Sprague, an assistant district attorney in Philadelphia, wouldn't rest after the brutal murder of mine worker. 1 ; Joseph Yablonski, his wife and daughter, until the man who ordered it was convicted. In time, the dogged Sprague nailed former mine workers boss Tony Boyle for masterminding the murder. Of more than 70 homicide cases Sprague has brought to trial, he has lost only one, which was reduced to a lesser charge. Yet Sprague has worked equally hard, when his cases have been weak, to prove the innocence o( men he was supposed to prosecute. Associates describe Sprague as "a "You see, he's not a common criminal like us. He was chief law-enforcement officer of the U.S." man with an abeoloU sens* el public duty." SEYMOUR GLANZER probably more t h a n any single i n d i v i d u a l deserves credit (or breaking the W a t e r gate cast. T h o s e familiar with the work of the original Watergate prosecutors agree that Glanzer usually isLÂ«d tht sharpest questions. The veteran trial lawyer,.John Wilson, in reviewing for the President the case against his clients H. R. Haldeman a n d John Ehrlichman, feared Glanzer the most. Wilson called him "a (ire-eating prosecutor." Yet surprisingly. G I a n i e r was also tie loudest in upholding the rights of thÂ» accused. Associates say he agonizes over the frailties in the judicial system and always puts justice ahead of convictions. .. WASHINGTON WHIRL: Ws reported on March T thai all but four of the 23 Watergate grand jurors wanted "to hold President Nixon accountable" for the Watergate cover-up. This secret. 19-to-O vote, with the four absent, made headlines last week...Clinton Harris, a racing boat driver who named his boat the Miss U.S. Watergate, recently tested it on the murky waters of the Potomac. While he was streaking across the surface, the bottom suddenly, unaccountably fell out from underneath him. The boat went to the bottom...A recent public opinion poll, asking voters whom they selected in the 1972 presidential election, showed that Sen. George McGovern. D-S.D., should have carried both California and Indiana. In the actual election, of course, he lost both states by wide margin*. The Trials Of A Congressman By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON - "Congress- nan Cheeedip, how do you feel Â· bout the Watergate atfaii-? "I am shocked, appalled and horrified that inch a thing could fcappen in this great land of Â·urs." "Whit .ii Congress doing to prevent future Watergatei from taking place?" "We ire studying tht mailer Â»Â»ry closely." "Do you believ there is any possibility that the H o u s e will pass serious election- reform legislation this year?" "1 didn't understand the question." "Congressman Cneesemp, Â·hat T meant was that although most members of the House are Â«ry critics! of every aspect of the Watergate they seem lo te dragging their feet when it eomes to making the elections In this country less corrupt," "I will not accept that, We have been thinking about election reform lor some time now. We have been talking about it lor more than a year. How can you say we're dragging our feet?" "Mainly because you haven't done anything." "Well, 1 would like to say this. Reforming election campaigns is a very serious mailer. We have to look at it from all sides. It's true t h a t there have been abuses, particularly in Ihe area of financing political candidates, and we're very concerned about this. At the same time it would be a mistake if we abolished these abuses and made it more difficult for men of high principle to run." "Then, Congressman Cheese- dip, could 1 say that you a i e against election reforms this year?" "I AM NOT a g a i n s t election reforms. I take t h e position -- and 1 have s a i d this publicly many limes -- that we must have reforms in our political process. But I believe it would be a very dangerous thing to pass any laws that would make it more difficult for well-meaning people lo contribute to a political campaign. From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Washington. Benlon, and Madison county schools will hmcfit from increased minimum aid and transportation rani voted by the State Board el Education Monday. Clark McClinton, of Fayetteville. a member of he state board, reporttd the figures today. The American Association of University Women has joined so VEARS AGO Hans for 1 passenger and freight depot for Fayetteville were submited by the Frisco Railroad (a the city at the Arkansas Railroad Committee hearing at tiie Court House this a.m. The plans call for a complete renovation of the present Â·tation. The lÂ«rgest graduating class hi the history of the University Â«f Arkansas, went through final 100 YEARS AGO Something new. Mr. J. C'. Downey of Jefferson City. Mo., Â·Â·ill open a new photograph business at J. H. Wilson's jtand. in this city, on the 12nd inst. and will be prepared to execute all slyles of work in tfce very best manner and at living rates. He makes pictures on porcelain, on watch dials. Bambrandts, plain photos and with the League of Women Vo- ers in setting up boohs in area stores for signing petitions calling for a vole on a system of permanent voter registration. County .lucige Arthur Martin and Fayclteville Mayor Guy Brown said today they they have no knowledge of a rumored petition being circulated in nn effort lo have Lake Sequoyah Road paved. ceremonies yesterday evening. Honor students from Fayetteville were Marccline Campbell. George S. Shilling. Rupert Price Johnson, Walter S. Dyer and Arthur L. Harding. An old-fashioned picnic celebrating the completion of the U. C. T. Highway from Fayetteville to Fort Smith will be held at Skyland Park, three miles south of Winslow, Saturday. gems of all sizes. Rev. Mr. Davies of Cotton Plant and Rev. Mr. Boggs of Bentonville. both of the Presbyterian Church, preached in our city this week. Mrs. Sullon's school will give an exhibition on Thursday evening. June 25. Patrons and friends of the school are in- vilcd. Their voices should be heard, and if they want to do it by financing a particular candidate then I say God bless them. That's the American way of doing things." "But isn't that the very thing that got the Committee for the Re-Election of the President in all its trouble?" "f don't think we should be tarred by what the Committee for the Re-Election of t h e President did. I am proud to say that, 'although I have received contributions from the milk producers, Ihe oil companies and the construction industries, I have never permitted this lo interfere in how T would vote on any particular bill. Every congressman on this Hill feels the same way. If we didn't, we would of course ask for stronger election laws." "A R U N ' T YOU afraid. Congressman Cheesedip, that if you don't pass some reform legislation you will be impeached?" "What are you talking about?" "The Constitution provides that every two years '.he American people can impeach a congressman by voting h i m out of office." "That's outrageous. You have to prove he's guilty of a high crime or a misdemeanor." "No you don't. All you have to prove is that the congressman did nothing about corruption in government. Any voter will tell you that's an impeachable offense." "Hmmrummf, I thought you wanted lo talk to me about Watergate." (C), Los Angeles Times Bible verse State Of Affairs They'll Do It Every Time Om tuvgy OFFICE; HOW co THEY gnac/xaoHO.' r rWWTTDTAUC1O PEO9DNSCAN PioÂ»e,ie-cAHÂ«rt I Mff-urepfflpE HAVCITATXXK A CNIWfODQD eotfcuwAw? "There is a way which seem- eth right unto a "man, but the end thereof are the ways of death." Proverbs 14:12. It is so much better for us to line up with what God saya rather than what we think. "Let the words of my mouth and the meditations of my heart be acceptable in Thy sight o lord my strength, and my redeemer." "And that he was buried, and that he rose again the t h i r d rlay according to the scriptures: And thai he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: After that, he w a s seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep." I Corinthians 15:4-6 The great story of Easter ii that "He ever liveth" and intercedes for us, and because He lives all believers will likewise live with Him forever. "0 death where is thy sting? 0 grave, where is thy victory?" "But if our gospel be- hid, it is hid to them that are lost." 2 Corinthians 4:3 We are not called Us debate the Gospel but to declare it. The word means "Good News" and as much as we need some of that today it is a shame wÂ« are so releuctant to share it, "For I said in my haste. I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thoti heard- est the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee." Psalms 31:22 Don't be discouraged. Just because God isn't doing things your way and on your schedule, doesn't mean that Fie has forgotten where you are and about your needs. "God sect hot H man seeth." "Befcold, I am Â»e Lord, the God of all f l e s h : is me?" Jeremiah 32:27 Put your biggest problem up against this great promise at the Lord, and watch rt dissolve. Fattier, in Jesus' name, please rrieet this reader with a miracle right now I pray, Amen. By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- Politically. Sen. Charles Percy (R-I11.) can easily be identified. Among those most prominently mentioned for the 1976 Republican presidential nomination, he is the only one who has had the nerve to stand up to the President and criticize him personally for the Watergate scandals. It is this kind of independence which prompts old-time parts- bosses like Clarke Reed of Mississippi, the leader of the Southern Republican state chairmen, to complain that Percy "just doesn't fit the mainstream of the Republican Party." It could be, however, that it is the other way around, for the events of the last week suggest that it may be the Old Regulars, rather than Percy, w-ho are not with it these days. Last Tuesday, for instance. Republican as well as Democratic voters showed that morality in government and campaign reform are uppermost in their minds, which is what Percy has been trying to lei! the party leaders all along. The revelation that the Watergate grand jury had named Mr. Nixon as an unindicted co-conspirator in the coverup scheme also fortifies Percy's warning that the President's role in the scandal cannot be brushed off. . . THE T U R N of events seems to suggest, t o o , that on the question of Nixon culpability the Illinoisan may be more in slep with the rank and file of the electorate than other major prospects for the 1976 presidential nomination, men a* Vic* President Gerald Ford, Gov. Ronald Reagan of California, former Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York and former GOT. John Connalty of Texas. Great hopes were held far Ford when he wai perceived at first as a new Mr. Clean who cook! deal forthrigttly with government corruption, but his reputation has suffered because of his hemming and hawing over the ongoing Watergate investigation and hi* fumbling efforts lo be both for amf against the President, with the emphasis on for. The Vice President began by letting the WhiU House write his speeches, then he denouncd the impeachment effort as just "a long, drawn-out political grudge fight." He blamed Mr. Nixon's troubles on a "coalition of groups like the AFL-CIO, Americans for Democratic Action and other powerful piessure groups." .. HE HAD TO abandon that line after Sen. James Buckley. t h e Conservative-Republican from New York, called for Ihe resignation of the President. Ford's last known position is that "the preponderance of evidence" indicates Mr. Nixon :s not guilty. A unanimous federal (rand jury disagreed with him. Former Governor Connally went so far in his support of Mr. Nixon that he even approved of the President defying t h e Supreme Court. ~\ necessary, over release of the White House tapes. Whether coincidentally or not. Connallv has recenty been fading as a presidential prospect. Former Gov. Nelson Rockefeller has deplored WalergatÂ« but is reluctant Eo condemn Mr. Nixon personally. The disclosures in the transcripts of the White House tapes did. however, give him "a deep sense of sorrow and dismay." Also, considering his relatively weak position with the conservative wing of the GOP. his restraint or Mr. Nixon is understood by the politicians. P E R H A P S t h e foremost apologist is Gov. Reagan who, afttr reading the transcripts, said he was convinced that Mr. Nixon was unaware of any coverup prior lo his meeting with John Dean on March 21, 117). Unlike Senator Percy, Governor Reagan appears to think the old Nixon forces will dominate the 197R Republican National Convention as they did in 196* and 1972. Coming back to the so-called mainstream, it should be noted that the reformers prevailed last week at the annual National Governor's Conference. A tough resolution on campaign reform and political ethics was easily passed, despite efforts by conservatives to dilute it. The governors take Watergate seriously even if Reagan doesn't. Another indication that Percy may not be out of step is the way that Sen. Robert Dole (R- KanO. former chairman of ihe Republican National Committee, characterizes the politics! effect of Watergate. "It will be the overriding issue in Nowm- bcr." he says, "unless the President is out of office, and any politician who tells you otherwise is just living on pipe dreams, that's all." .. IT IS CI.F.AR that Percy. like Sen. George McGovem (D- S.D.) in 1972. has made a daring bet t h a t politically the mainstream of the future lies not with the old local party leaders around the country but with the amateurs who, on the Democratic side at least, have already demonstrated that !hey can dominate the presidential primaries. Most of the GOP party bosses still don't seem to realize that the rapid growth of the presi- dtntial primary system makes it possible for Republican as well as Democratic candidates to clinch the nomination, if they have enough popular appeal, without the help of the onot all-powerful leaders. The relative popular strength of tht Republican aspirants is hard to judge, but a national Harris poll showed Percy as the only one capable of defeating Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.). Percy led Kennedy by M per cent to M per cent, while Kennedy led Reagan M per cant to 44 per cent, topped to 41 per cent and beat Connalty 49 per cent to 44 per cent. Gerald Ford dU not figure in this pell. (C), La* Aicriai Ttaat* Economic Barometer Reviewed By RICHARD L. WORSNOP Editorial Research Reports The two barometers of economic activity most comprehensible to the layman are the Dow Jones industrial average and the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Both are closely watched despite complaints by economic experts that neither i* sufficiently broad in its coverage. Because the Dow i* based on only 30 industrial slocks, critics ay, it reflects a distorted picture of stock-market activity. Similar charges are now being leveled at the CPI. Issued once a month, it records price movement? of * wide range of products and services -- everything from liverwurst to T- thirts to piano lessons to X-ray treatments. The trouble is that the relative weights assigned to each class of goods and services --- the so-called consumer "market basket" -- were last revised more than a decade ago. Spending patterns have since shifted. and many economists believe that the CPI, which has not kept pace, now lends to overstate inflation. Another failing of the CPI. according to economists, is that it is unable to make adjustments for quality changes in products. "If we look quality change into account," says Yala economist Richard Rugglcs, "there was no...price rise in the period 1%0 to 1965, and in Ihe period 1966 thi-ough 1973 prices have risen about half as fast as the indicators show.' 1 THE BUREAU of Labor Statistics, which compiles the CPI, is well a w a r e of these and other criticisms. Accordingly, a thorough overhaul of the index is now in progress and is scheduled for completion hy early 1977. (Revision of the wholesale price index is only in the planning stage, however.) The bureau proposes, among other things, to broaden the population base of the CPI. At present, the index is based on the spending patterns of only about 55 per cent of the population -- urban wage earners and clerical workers, for the most part. If the bureau has its way, the revised index would coyer 80 per cent of the population by including executives, professionals. self-employed persons, the unemployed, and retirees. Farmers and members of the armed services would continue lo be excluded. Organized labor leaders, including APL-CIO President George Meany, have expressed opposition to an expanded CPI. The consumers covered by thÂ» present index, (hey point out. spend a relatively large portion of their incomes on such necessities as food, housing, fuel, and clothing. Highly paid executives, professionals, and self - employed businessmen .spend considerably less. Labor leaders fear that lumping the two groups together, and arriving at a single "market basket" for both, could result in a CPI that understates inflation. .. TWO DECADES ago, organized labor probably would have greeted any such change in the CPI with equanimity. The apprehension today .stems from the fact that approximately 5.2 million worker* receive automatic cost-of-living adjustments to protect their paychecks from inflation. In almost every instance, these escalator clauses are based on the CPi. It is probably beyond the wit of man to devise Â· CPI that is 1M per cent fair and accurate. But all efforts toward that end art surely worthwhile. To the worker with automatic cost- of-tivtng protection. Uw CPI is an invaluable ally in his Â·truffle against inflation. It is as meaningful lo him aÂ» the Dow Jones average ia at laa stockholder.