Jlortijtoest Srbanssst Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concent 0! This JVeicspapcr 4 Â· MONDAY, JUNE 10, 1974 Postal Chief Keeps His Fences Mended So Be There -- Tomorrow! The sound and fury (or hue and cry) of llic first primary election is over, and Partisan supporters in Senate and governor's races may still be licking their lacerations, or spilled champagne. But the serious business of voting is not yet over for the primaries. The r u n o f f election is tomorrow, and Ihose whose names appear on the ballot deserve the attention of their hoped for constituencies. The runoff between Bill Clinton of Fayetteville and Gene Rainwater of Fort Smith for HID Democratic nomination for Third District congressman is a particularly important one for both candidates. They are survivors of an a r d u o u s four-way preferential race, in which each worked long hard hours on the speaking circuit, getting acquainted with voters not much accustomed in recent years to worrying with serious Democratic candidates for the office. Democrats have a considerable chance this fall to wrest control of important congressional seats. The Third District in Arkansas is one such spot and the state, as well as the District, merits a good show of hands for its nominee toward the hard campaign ahead this fall. Clinton, who is front-runner in the race, earned a good part of his edge here in this corner of the slate. He must gel a good showing here, again, in order to win. Rainwater, a conservative state legislator from Sebastian County, squeezed into the run-off by a narrow margin over youthful David Stewart of Danville, picking up a bulk of voles in his home county, the most populous of the District. It is probable that Rainwater will again draw well, and in good number, from his home territory. Clinton's chances, therefore, in good measure may well depend upon how well his support rallies to the polls here in Washington County. A feeling apparently has developed during the two weeks separating preferential from runoff primaries Ihat Clinton may stand a better chance against, GOP Uep. .1. P. Hammcrschmidt, in the fall. Rainwater's political philosophy is a much closer relative of llamnierschmidt's, thus negating the "choice" factor for the general election. The thought is that voters may be less inclined to switch horses for a similar horse --Â· than for one with a different gait, In this spirit, the state's Young Democratic executive committee this week broke precedent by endorsing Clinton. Earlier, defeated candidate Stewart endorsed Rainwater, while Greenland's losing candidate Jim Scanlon has endorsed Clinton. Another race that deserves attention of the voters is the race for sheriff. Incumbent Bill Long ran a close third in the first primary, and now out of if. Voters must choose between challengers Dick Hoyt and Bill Murray, both experienced in law enforcement locally, and both with their own nucleus of supporters. From the results of the first primary, it is safe to say, we believe, t h a t the outcome of the sheriff's race will be close -- which is to say that every single voter in the county can pretty well depend on having his or her vote be an important one. So be there. Tomorrow! From The Readers Viewpoint To Arkansas To Lhc Kclitor: To iho coristilucnls of Sen. J. William Fulbright: I speak as nn o r d i n a r y American t-iiizcns whoso voice is only heard amidst my family and friends when expressing opin- ions m such matters as higher rents, higlicr food costs, the 1 " n e r v o u s breakdown" our pliinel e a r t h is presently having, mid all such subjects. These discussions mid pronouncements, which millions of i.s have made, rarely reach t h e newspaper, but I am stepping out of ray "closet" because I From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Mayor Guy Brown said today (hat the paving of Lafeyelte Street will slnrt "probably next week." Preparatory work is near completion and sidewalk mid curb installations arc completed on the north side of the street. Approximately $300.000 worth of construction -- mostly in new homes -- is planned in Farming ton during the near future, 50 YEARS AGO Under the beautiful trees of the campus. \vit hadded notes of solemnity and dignity. Dr. T. A. \ViClinton of Evansville. Ind. yesterday afternoon delivered a message of h a r d , matter o f - f a c t , worthwhile philosophy to the graduates of the 50ih Commencement of the University of Arkansas. He lolti them to "Seek to give .service to the world rather than to personal gain." 100 YEARS AGO II is to be regretted that \ve have more t h a n one set of candidates in the field for Dele- praies to the Constitutional Convention from this county. We h ad hoped t h a t as there wore no party issues involved in this contest and no emoluments to he derive;} from the position, t h a t our people would lay aside all person Â£il and political arirmosities and act in harmony, From what we p a t h o r f r o m Dili' e.\changes t h e r e will he a if. was revealed d u r i n g a council meeting Jast night in which city directors passing a resolution against combining the Farm- iiigton and Faycttcvillo school districts, Strategic Air Command jet bombers will begin subsonic, low level training missions Sunday over western Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma, passing 13 miles southeast of FayettcvUle. The homes of Mrs, Ella Clark Calvin, of Mountain Street and C h a r l e s McCatherine. Hill Street were damaged last night when large trees were blown on the dwellings by high winds that swept the c i t y . All state income tax returns must be filed by June SOlh, Van B. Sims, state comptroller, announces in a letter received here toriav. more formidable opposition to (he Constitutional Convention than we at first anticipated. As a matter of course that opposition comes from the radical party are still unwilling to loosen their grip from the necks of our people. Let every voter turn out on election day Tuesday, June 30th and !ct it go forth to the world t h a t Washington County rolled tip the largest majority in the state "For Convention." They'll Do It Every Time SOCIAL NOTES m THE SUBURBIA MAGAZINE! J EVERY GROOM'S A TVCOW UNTIL THE THE6HCOM-TO-SS/ AM EXECUTIVE WITH SrWCN 011- vviirit to say something Ihfit must be said. Among his many significant contributions. Sen. J. William Fulbright created and established the famous Fulbright Scholarships for study in other countries. As a person who wished, deperalely. to have the opportunity to study tho violin wilh two of the greatest vic- limsls o fal Hinie I could only go to them. . .and they both happened to be in England. I received a prestigious Fulbvight grant in 19G4 to go lo London lo continue my violin studies. 11 gave mo the chance of a lifetime lo s t u d y with both of these great artist (one of whom was _\ T alhan Milstein who lives in L o n d o n ) . Further than thai. the experience of living in London from September 1964 until late August 1971 was. obviously, extended. A f t e r working wilh my teachers, through the auspices of the Fulbright grant for two consecutive years U9fi4- 1966) I then developed the tasle and appetite to continue to work and grow as an artist and person in an environment which, nt Ihat time, was perfect for my purposes. I met great statesmen in England (one of whom was Michael Foot, now a member of the British Cabinet): I saw Winston Churchill's funeral and felt and partook in Ihe chilled and sorrowful! mourning of a country which had losl ils greatesl leader and friend. Bui Hie most important thing -- and my reason for writing this letter -- was that a young American girl with a violin wenl lo England and receive:! respect and help because she was a Fulbright Scholar! As a resull I have had an international musical career and my life is immeasurably n.wichod. A f t e r seven years' in England 1 learned something else -- and maybe it is coming "full circle" - ..... to love my country, the United Slates, and fighl for its original and honourable values. One of America's finest men -- in her finest and saddest horns -is Sen. J. William Fulbrighl. Thank you. constituents, for having elected and re-elecled J. W. Fulbright for 32 years FO t h a t my life, and the' lives of countless others, was so e.irich- ed. I am deeply saddened and troubled thai the gentlemansen- iiior will not, much longer, he able to bring his goodness and concern for people to the Congress of the Usitetl Slates in his official capacity as Ihe "Senator from Arkansas. . ." Mrs. Elizabeth Matesky Ode Chicago A Question To The Editor: Mr. Rainwater seems lo be suggesting that il was somehow reprehensible for Mr. Clinlon to have supported Senator Mc- Govcrn in 1972. I should like to ask Mr. Kainwater. if he was a Democrat who voted for Mr. Nixon in 1!)72. Salome Wells Fayetteville Bible Verse "And they said. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house." Acts 1S:31 Ik-re is Gorl's simple prescription for pardon. Take it and u will make you well, ignore it and all the ills of the here and now and the here after await you. Hy JACK ANIJKKSON WASHINGTON -- In a series n[ columns, we have carefully documented how 1'ostmaster General Ted Klassen has lavished himself with the appurtenances of power, doled oul jobs and conlraets lo bis cronies and put politics ahead of dcUcvoring the mail. lie has managed to get away with these abuses by intensely wooing the board of governors and the members of Congress who arc supposed lo supervise him. The board of governors is dominated by the lions of industry, who were expeclcd to bring buisness like efficiency to Ihe Postal Service. But like Daniel, Klassen has turned the lions into pussycats who purr their approval wherever he appears before them. The full board doesn't even bother to meet regularly. Sometimes it directs th the S10- billion postal organisation by telephone rubber - stamping Klassen's decisions by conference call. The likeable Klasseu is even more skillfull at stroking the fur of Ihe congressional watchdogs, who have been assigned to keep an eye on him. He makes frequent trips up lo Capilol Hill to bullcr up the members of the Senate and House post oflico commitlees. At least once a m o n t h , he breakfasts or lunches with them. When Kiassen is unavailable, postal lobbyist Norm Halliday is on the Hill ready lo attend to their wants. O n e House committee member, Kep. Charles Wilson, D-Calif., wanted help in his prim a r y election campaign. The Washington Merry-Go-Round Suddenly, the postmaster general turned up in the unlikely Inwn of Lynwood. Calif., which had just been added to Wilson's congressional district. Although Klassen is a Republican and Wilson a Democrat. they appeared together at a luncheon, dutifully attended hy postal workers. The invitations were mailed at the taxpayers' expense in official Postal Service envelopes. For the most powerful members of the Post Office committees. Klassen has arranged to place a friend of their choice on the board of governors. Among those who were able to plant a political supporter on the board w e r e Senate Chairman Gale McGee, D- \Vyo.: Sen. Hirarn Fong, R-- liawaii. the ranking Senate Republican; and Rep. Ed Dcr- winski. R-I11., who will he the ranking House Republican next year. Klasscn's slick congressional stroking may explain why the Post Office committees have made no move to investigate our revelations. Meanwhile, House Post Office Chairman Thadcleus Dulski. D-- N.Y., actually headed off a planned investigation of the Postal Service by the House Small Business committee. Claiming jurisdiction, Dulski insisted it was his job to investigate the Postal Service. Hut instead of an investigation, he merely fired off a stern hut meaningless letter warning Klassen (hat his patience "has worn thin. 1 ' That was six m o n t h s ago; y e t Dulski's Bubble Dance patience s t i l l hasn't been ex- acerb rated. Elsewhere, officials of the A m e r i c a n Postal Workers Union, citing our columns, have called for Klassen's removal. Footnote: Rep. Wilson denied that Klassen came to California to campaign for h i m . claiming the postmaster general happened to be in the area attending a regional conference. A spokesman for Dulski said the House chairman wanted to give the postal managers lime to work things out but now is ready to move. ..HARD OF HEARING: Sen. Charles Percy, R-lll.. who ha's a hearing problem himself, has called upon the Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission to protect the hard of hearing against "quackery, which is all loo rampant" in the $150 million hearing-aid industry. Unscrupulous salesmen and dealers often sell hearing aids to people, particularly the elderly, who don't need them. Others who need medical attention for ear problems, rather than hearing aids, are seriously injured because they trusted some smooth-talking salesman. State hearing aid licensing hoards "are often packed with dealers," Percy complained in a private letter to Food and Drug Commissioner Alexander Schmidt. The salesmen themselves. Percy charged, often "are neither professionally qualified no radequalely equipped to diagnose and treat acute car" disorders." A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought BEHAVIOR O F B I G BUSINESS -- Max Ways. "Business Faces Growing Pressure to Behave Better." Fortune, May 1D74, pp. 193.195: 310-329. "Business needs 8or thinks it needs--one simple, unifying explanation that will cover ill the different motivations and values actually present in the business scene. The science of economics rationale." "Businessmen embraced loo wholeheartedly the economic seemed to provide :;ueh a rationale explaining their activity. Even as they were building great networks of e-.hical norms, they told the world that there., was nobody here but us profit maximi?.ers. In niher words, businessmen got (hem- selves, by a different door, i n t o tho same misconception that deluded the intellectuals--the notion that business has nothing lo do with ethics." "This notion can lie al the root of much misbehavior. How people conduct themselves is somewhat influenced by how they think they are expected t o a c t . . . I f business h a s a had moral reputation in the society and if business itself fails to stress the importance of ethics, the young entrant may act on (he belief that he Is in a community where 'anything goes.' " "A theory of business ethics adequate for the n e e d s of a dynamic and liberating society would reflect both of selfish and the altruistic sides of reality." SECURITY ANALYSTS. Da| na L. Thomas. "Analysts' Insecurity," Barren's May 27, 197-1, pp. 3. 10, 14. "Owing to the drab market and resulting impoverishment of (he brokerage business, analysis have falledn on hard times. While some have found jobs in banks, insurance companies and other institutions, a spokesman for the New York Society of Security Analysts estimates that 15 (o 20 percent of its members are out of work or employed only part-time in their trades." "Even those vyho have found work at institutions aren't Faring as well as before. fnstiUi- tions pay less than brokerage firms and do not offer the msh equity participations, a piece of the commission business or an eventual partnership. . . . While there are still a handful of S100,000--year brokerage house analysts who enjoy a strong ins t i t n t i o n a l following, t h e chances of the average analysts hitting it big now a r e slim indeed." "A number of highly productive analysis have voluntarily left brokers to join institutions because they are tired of being on the selling side. As buyers, they are free of merchandising headaches and can concentrate on research. The pace is more leisurely and there is greater job security." "Moreover, many college graduates entering the investment field are avoiding the brokerage houses in favor of institutions. As a result, the latter now boast Ijetler quality research staffs than ever before. This, in turn, has enabled some to begin seling their own research in competition with brokers." ket conditions a substantial inventory of uncompleted housing units was building up. Now, the potential depressing effect of inventories--particularly of single-family units--has noticeably lessened." "Sales of single-family units, which had been extremely depressed in late 1973 because of rising mortgage rates and the unwillingness of many families to commit themselves to new homes during the energy crisis, seem now on the rise....In Ihe single-family market, the 'inventory' of homes for sale (which includes "planned" construction as well as work in process and the stock of actually competed units) is still quite high." "For the near term, a homebuilding rate very much in excess of present levels would carry the serious risk of intensifying price pressures in key materials areas. Thai's Ihe last thing the nation--and the building industry itself--needs right HOUSING. "Housing's Shaky Outlook." The Morgan G u a r a n t y Survey (published monthly by Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York), May 197-1. "ft's the sharp t u r n a r o u n d in pp. 3-7. money-market conditions this spring that has forced a reappraisal of Ihe housing outlook. In order to control inflation, the Federal Reserve has been limiting (he growth in the money supply in order to dampen over-all demand. Inevitably, the consequences have been rising interest rales and reduced availability of loans of all kinds but particularly of mortgage credit." "This turnabout in the availability and cost of mortgage money comes at a lime when demand - supply considerations have improved appreciably. Last summer, for example, on top of adverse mortgage mar- . . A R T AS INVESTMENT, Walter McQuade "Invest in the Art Market? Soybeans Might Be Safer," Fortune May 1974 pn. 201-206. "These days it is not only great personalities who appear to be possessed by the urge to collect; a wider sweep of Americans than ever before are buying art. A mixture of truth and ohopla h a s d r a w n many previously uninterested people into the international art market, not so much for love of the objects they buy, but for financial speculation. Art has become something of a commodity to be invested in." "The new atmosphere in the art world today is like that of a haughty old neighborhood in London where a private mansion has been remodeled into a fashionable gambling house. The essential grandeur of thÂ« place may remain, hut a headier glamour has been added with the spin of the roulette wheel. What the change haÂ» done for thÂ« neighbohood it debatable." The prestigious, nonprofit Population Reference Bureau, w h i c h coined the Urm. "population explosion," Is snort $85,000, The FBI has charged thai the money wound up In the bank account of the foundation's former acting president, Alvaro Garcia-Pena. We spoke to Garcia-Pcna who refused lo comment. . .Lt, Gen Wallace Robinson, director of the Defense Supply Agency, recently flew to the Far East for a three-week "logistics lour. ThÂ» general and two aides were the sole passengers aboard a hugs Air Force 707. The flying behemoth, said a spokesman, was going to the Orient anyway. . Governmnel auditors have charged that the armed forces ran up more lhan $7 billion in exlra charges on 55 weapons systems during the last six months of 1973. The confidential audit identified Ihe Air Force as the worst offender with more than $3 billion in cost overruns. The Army exceeded Us cost estimates by $1.7 billion, the Navy by more than $1 billion. A pentagon spokesman blamed inflation . . .The House Judiciary Committee is transcribing President Nixon's famous Watcrgatt tapes in t h r e e rooms which used to be occupied, ironically, by the House Select Commiltce on Crime. . .The original Watergate grand jury has been kept on to consider some additional indictments. The original Watergate prosecutors, meanwhile, have been notified that their testimony will be needed at t h e trials. The Last Empire Dissolves WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The opening of talks this week in Lusaka. Zambia, between Portuguese officials and representatives of Frelitno. the Mozambique liberation movement, signals the beginning of the end of Europe's last, and oldest colonial empire. The Portuguese, who have had a footr hold in Africa since they subjugated Angola in 1491, now appear ready -- after a decade and a ha'lf of enervating colosial wars -- to give up their colonies and bring their troops home. The w^y to negotiations with the African rebels was paver! by the army overthrow on April Portugal's 46-year-old dictatorship. The leaders of the coup acted in the belief that Portugal's cosily and drawn-out military campaigns in the African colonies were bringing economic ruin to the nation. Initially, the coup leaders hoped to negotiate self-government for the colonies, together with a permanent association with Ihe mother country. Thf.t hope is now dead. Frelimo leaders have said the talks will deal only with the "mechanism" of transferring power to (he Africans, since independence is already an "established" right. The Lusaka talks will undoubtedly set the tone for future negotiations wilh other liberation movements in Guinea-Bissau, the Cape Verde Islands and Angola. THE PORTUGUESE revolt was triggered by the publication of the liook, Portugal e o Future (Portugal ana the Future) written by Gen. Antonio de Spinola. then deputy chief of staff of the army, and now the nation's president. Spinola argued for gradual liberalifation of Portugal's A f r i can colonial policy, and economic and political reform r.t home. But events have raced far ahead of Spinola's scenario. Outlawed political parties have been legitimized, political exiles have returned home, and Spinola's cabinet includes leaders of both the Socialist and Communist parties. Spinola plans to visit Angola and .Mozambique soon. The coup toppled one of the world's most enduring dictatorships, launched hy Antonio de Oliverira Salazar in 1928, and continued by his successors, Tomas and Prime Minister Marcelo Cactano, after Salazar's stroke in 1968. Under 1hÂ« dictatorship. Portugal's economy deteriorated, agricultural production plummeted and an exodus of nearly o n e million people between I960 and 1979 drained the nation's h u m a n resources. Worse still, the prolonged battle against African guerillas tied down 160.009 troops -- three-quarter.i of Portugal's army -- and consumed up to one half the national bid- get eachyear. INDEPENDENCE F Â« R Angola, Gyinea-Bisnai xnl Mozambique will eliminate one barrier to improved relations between Portugal and th United States, which is committed to a policy of "Africa for the Africans." But it will raise a host of new and frightening problems, including an intensification of wtiite-black conflict in southern Africa. In Angola and Mozambique, a small European minority has held political and economic control for centuries. Like the whiles in Rhodesia, the settlers may decide to dig in and defend their holdings. Mounting violence in the Portuguese colonies c o u l d enmesh neighboring states -- the white-dominated regimes of Rhodesia and South Africa, and the Mack states of Tanzania. Zaire and Zambia. White-black s t r i f e vrauM sorely test the U.S. policy of "Africa for the Africans." At this point in history, the United States might be hard pressed to decide who thÂ« real "Africans" are.
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