Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Fji/erc.sf Is The Firs! Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â» FRIDAY, J U N E 7, 1974 Kennedy May Have Been Watergate Tar get The 'Farmer's Market' Opens Fayctteville's "Farmer's Market" opened last weekend, a block west of the Square. It was somewhat less auspicious an occasion than we were prepared for, but we're more than anxious to postpone judgment pending later harvesting of local truck farm produce. These columns have long advocated and championed the creation of an organized "Farmer's Market." We've seen some good ones, and we confess to real prejudice on behalf of garden fresh, locally harvested f r u i t s and vegetables. What was missing Saturday al the local mart's opening, however, seemed to rim Ihc gamut of what is essential for the project's success. There was little evidence of calculated management -- the sort t h a t lends confidence to the shopper that he or she will be sure to find produce in adequate quantity, of good quality, and al favorable prices. And, there was far less truck produce on band than even the earliness of the season dictates. There is already some squash available, we understand, and there is certainly an abundance of onions, lettuce, t u r n i p greens, radishes and chard. U is a bit late for a none too robust strawberry crop, perhaps, but surely there are local berries still available. If not, the cooperative's rules may well need to lie bent far enough to allow "area" crops as a supplement. There were a number of booths open at last week's market, and such things as wild flowers and homemade crafts were evident -- all assets for the strolling shopper. To be a success, though, the Market is poorly advised we believe to focus on crafts r a t h e r than farm produce. Which isn't to say t h a t our first impression is an accurate one. Maybe the f r u i t s and vegetables will be in greater supply beginning this weekend. It is jtisl that a few shopping trips to a "Farmer's Market" that doesn't have a good selection of fresh fruits and vegetables will lose rts customers, permanently, we fear. What Others Say FUL.BRIGHT FOR PRESIDENT The University of A r k a n s a s is without a president, and. as of J a n u a r y 1, J. William Fulbright will be without a job. As we watched the votes come in Tuesday night, it occurred to us t h a t this could be a forUn lous coincidence for the stale of Arkansas. Fulbright's career is ;s p u r l of Fayelleviile's Folklore. He grew up there and attended the University of A r k a n s a s , where he made out sin tiding a t h l e t i c and academic records. A f t e r being a Rhodes scholar and g r a d u a t i n g second in his class at G e o r ge Washington Universal L a w S c h o o l . FulbrigtH became president of the University of Arkansas in 1939 -- t h e youngest in the nation. He was firei! two years lai:T h?uuÂ«se of r-v s 1' would be sweetly ironical if politics put him hack in tho president's office. We- don'i menu just as tho a d m i n i s t r a t o r of the FaycUevillf; c a m p u s (a chancellor should VJP h i r e d for this) but, as the president of an expanding, statewide uni versity system. lie is a vigorous fit). Me is a thinker a nil writer of such eminence that his appointment would bring great prestige to t h e u n i v e r s i t y . Just last week, the Washington Star included this sentence; about him in an article on (he p r i m a r y ; "Harry T r u m a n could funn? about ' t h a t over-educated Oxford s.o.b./ hitl the fuct is that s u c h ;m appellation could not have been flung in the hist h a l f - c e n t u r y at any other senator From the Sotith." F u l b r i g h t already has an* nounced that he plans to settle in Fayctteville and b u i l d a new house. Why not ;iiso i n v i t e him to b u i l d a better- university',' Ftrlbrighl might not accept. But we* would hope lhal the University of Arkansas Board of Trustees might have the good judgment to ask. -- A r k a n s a s Democrat G U N C O N T U O L -- COMMON' SKXSB In every reform movement il Moi-ms In lake a few people asking for tht moon before everyone gels a modicum. When such From. Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Francis Aldridge (Pat.) Humphreys. 1)9, of 701 Keniiworth Ave., retired civil ciiginc.*er and chairman of ihe Washington County Democratic Committee, died at his home yesterday. A local drive to gut a perm a n e n t voter registration amendment on the November ballot appears to be gaming momentum. .Mrs. M. V. Organ so VEARS AGO Robert A. Let la r, representing the John E. Brown College of Siloam Springs, Arkansas, widely known as America's only "wholly pay by work" college, was in this city today making plans for a visit to bf mack 1 here June 22 by E v a n g e l i s t John E. Brown. Although the train was nearly three hours l a t e and the r a i n 100 YEARS AGO Notice is hereby given t h a t under and by virtue of an act of the General A F e r n n l y approved May ]8, 1874, an election will be held on T n t ^ d a y t h e 30th clay of June. ]Ei7-i by the q u a l i f i e d electors of W i i s h i n m o n for tbic-e delegates to a Consti- t u t i o n a l Convention t n be a s s e m b l e d m L i - L i e Rock on Tuesday the 1-Kh of J u l y . Z. of the fAVV saici her group plans to "saturate the supermarkets" w i t h pelitions t h i s weekend. Thirty-two Bentonville High School s t u d e n t s returned Tuesday night aft or a six-day t r i p to Mexico. Tho students are Spanish pupils whose teacher. Mrs. ,M.G. MeKee, sponsored the trip. discouraging, homeward bound Texas Shriners were w h i r l e d around the cily and up Mount Â·Sequoyah according to .schedule yesterday. A t h i e f s i p h o n i n g gasoline f r o m Ihe t a n k of the FayeUi 1 v i l le Con I Company t r u c k set f i r e to the- truck a n d a ruin ti tit y of gasoline T-hortly a f t e r 3 O'clock last evening. :vf. P c t t i g r e w . Sheriff. The o!d veterans are m a k i n g p r e p a r a t i o n s for a grand and jolly Eiood t i m e at Prairie G i - ove on the -'ill oi J u l y . The Union Sumhiy School of t h i s city w i l l have a pic-nie on S a t u r d a y ne;t at some point near the to\vn. All t h t ? S u n d a y Schools of the- cily have. 1 been i n v i ' e d . They'll Do f t Every Time PRINKS EVERYBOPY'S AN EX-PUG HEY. Â£330-YA COT A SOOK HfAU.TALK? HE'LL BE IN THAT ONE.' key authorities as big city chiefs of police ask for an out right ban on handguns in the United States, the lesser goal of lightened federal control may just be achievable. Such control including w h a t would seem to he the m i n i m u m requirement of firearms registration - has been favored by a majority of II. S. polls over many years. Vet the opposed m i n o r i t y has had the zeal and lobbying power to resist it. And the current a d m i n i s t r a t i o n has not shown the appropriate leadership toward controlling the weapons which have slaughtered so m a n y innocents. Hopes for at least some measure of increased control must be heightened when Boston's police commissioner. Robert tli Grazia. reports an increase in the number of American police chiefs holding the same opinion lie does: that handguns should not be permitted lo a n y o n e but tin 1 police. Me told the K i w a n i s Club of Boston that eight others at a recent San Francisco meeting put forth this view, in contrast with only two chiefs two years ago. Commissioner di Grazia is in a better position than most to know the shocking statistics of handgun i n j u r i e s and fatalities in the U n i t e d States as compared with countries having stricter gun laws. He also knows and deplores such anti-- guivcontrol arguments as "if guns are outlawed, only outlaws wili have gnus" and "guns don't, kill, people do." "1 am not saying that gun control will end homicide and robbery," he reportedly exp l a i n s . "But I am saying - and it is just common sense - that il is far easier to conceal and k i l l w i t h Â» h a n d g u n than with any o t h e r weapon. Assaults with h a n d g u n s are f i v e times more likely to cause death than those with any other i n s t r u - ment." How many more killings and niaimings do there have to be before the American government a n d its leaders recognize the common sense of effective gun control? --Christum Science Monitor From The Readers' Viewpoint Truth Is Out To the Editor: Since last Tuesday night f have bt'cn brooding about the m e n i a l h e a l t h of my fellow c o u n t r y m e n , when the greatest man in the Senate can lie c a s u a l t y t h r o w n o u t . and the lousiest - ever to occupy the White House can stay in. This brooding finally brought me brick :o an o l d favorite poem of Yeats, which seems in a way to refer to both Fillbright and N i x o n . "Xow all the truth is out. lie secret and take defeat From any brazen throat. For how can you compete. Being honour bred WITH ONE WHO. WERE IT PROVED HE LIES. WERE NEITHER S H A M E D IX ?IIS OWN NOR IN HIS NEIGHBOR'S EVES? Bred to a harder thing Than Triumph, turn away And like a laughing spring Whereon made fingers play Amid a place of stone, Bo secret and exult. Because of all things known That is most d i f f i c u l t . " (The emphasis is mine, not Yeats'.) HEM F a j e t t e v i l l e Hy J A C K A N W K K S O . X WASHINGTON -- T h e real target of ihe Watergate break- in. it now appears from confidential W h i t e House docu.iicnts, was Sen. Ted Kennedy. I) .Mass. Sources close to President Nixon confirm that be regarded K e n n e d y as his most dangerous p o l i t i c a l foe. The President also expected former Democratic n a t i o n a l chairman Larry O ' B r i e n to manipulate Ihe party m a c h i n e r y in Kt72 to bestow the presidenliul n o m i n a t i o n upon Kennedy. Up to the jve of the Democratic convention, say our sources, the President believed Sen. McGovc-rn, D-S.D., would slep aside at tho last i n i r i u t o to m a k e way for Kennedy, w i t h O'Brien p u l l i n g the strings bc-hincl the scenes. Nixon had scarcely settled i n t o the While Mouse in l!ffiÂ£j before he began seeking p o l i t i cal c i n i m u n i t i u n lo use a g a i n s t Kennedy and O'Brien. The o r d e r s were t r a n s m i t t e d t h r o u g h s t a f f chief H, R. Halde- tnan. A host of eolorfu.1 super- snoopers were* recruited to investigate Kennedy and O'Brien. Among them were a Hynyone- R f j L i e t-x-New York f l a t fool' Anthony Ulasowicz: a f l e s b y - f l u s b - fÂ«ccd ex-New York d e t e c t i v e . Jack C a u l f i c l d ; the bcwigged former CIA agent and incurable r o m a n I i c. K. Howard Hunt; and a younj;. pedantic security specialist who kepi a red scrambler telephone in his White House desk drawer, Torn C h a r l e s Huston. Less t h a n six hours after The Washington Merry-Go-Round KcMiiicdy ran uf[ the bridge al C h i ' i p p i i c j u i d r i i r k on July l!i. I'JGil. CauKicM had a man at the scent. 1 searching fin 1 evidence thai could he used to ein- baiTass Kennc-ily. Two years later. H u n t a;!;iin tried to p u t together a Chappa- ciuitttlick scandal that would destroy Kennedy. But the twr gumshoes came up with little lliaf. the press h a d n ' t already uncovered. The White House crowd apparently was obsessed w i t h the idea Unit Kennedy hud a weakness Tor wild parties and p i' o m i s c u o u s women. IHiL repeated investigations by C a u l - f i e l t l and Ulasewic/. failed to produce any evidence. As a typical example. Caulfield kept K e n n e d y tinder sur- v e i l l a n c e dunni; a three-day visit to Honolulu on August 17- 1U. 1071. A secret su.rveillanes? report which referred to the senator as K M K . was- rushed to the White House. "E.MK made no public appearances during his slay in Honolulu." reported Caulfichl. " I n q u i r y ascertained lhal lie occupied the private estate of one J. O n t a n i , located at Diamond [lead Hoild, Honolulu.... "Discreet inquiry determined t h a t Kennedy used the estate solely fur sleeping purposes, took only his breakfast meal at that location and quietly visited friends at other locations tin the island. "It is known dial lie played tennis an August 18 at Hie estate of one Lloyd Martin identified as a wealthy Honolulu : o n l r ; t c M n r . . . . "An extensive survey of hotels, discreet cocktail lounges and olher hideaways was eon- ducted with a view toward d e t e r m i n i n g a covert EMK visit The results were negative "In conclusion, it is believed (hat EMK activity d u r i n g his stay in Honolulu was adequately covered. No evidence was developed to indicate that his conduct was improper. 1 ' Yet the White House still wasn't satisfied u n t i l an investigation had been completed of Kennedy's host Uvo months later. In an October 20, 1971, memo, CauHield wound u[ the investigation o f ' Kennedy's three day Honolulu visit with a report t h a t his friend Onlani was "a multi-millionaire Democrat with extensive real estate and business holdings in Hawaii....Sources advise lhal O n t a n i significantly controls local politics in Honolulu to the cxtctit that he is referred to as the 'Mayor Maker.' " The most embarrassing evidence that the gumshoes obtained against Kennedy was n picture of him in the company, q u i t e i n n o c e n t l y , of a f e m a l e friend in Home. White House aide Charles Colson promptly peddled the photo to a scandal tabloid, wilh a huge newsland circulation. The White House documents show t h a t O'Rricn received similar attention from the "What The (Deleted) Do You Mean, Bluffing?" Oil Greases Shifts In Wealth WASHINGTON 7 ( E R R ) A m e r i c a n s arc p a y i n g more t h a n ever before to drive their racing through the U.S. economy. But the impact of h i g h e r energy costs here at homo is slight c o m p a r e d with 1 h i ? d e v a s - t a t i n g effects on c^coitomJos overseas and on the inter- nation; 1 ! m o n e t a r y system. The massive price iiurrea^es h a v e produced an unpreecaen- ied bonanza for the oil export- in'; c o u n t r i e s . Their oil revenues are expected to Ic : |p from Irist year's Â§22.7 billion to Sen.2 b i i i i o n i b i s year, a development t h a t Fortune m a g a z i n e h a i cha- racleri/fid as "tho c;reai''st i Â·-- d i s t r i b u t i o n of w e a l t h in history." W h i l e the producing naihais are pondering ways to f-pt-ntl. invest and otherwise protect t h e i r w i n d f a l l profits, the cons u m i n g countries face i m p e n d - ing i n f l a t i o n , recession C I - K ! . in some cases, economic ruin. In one year, the induslri.il ctmn- . ,-itt mmon, me poor nations face the almost insurmountable ;;tsk of anteing up Â§200 billion more for fuel and f e r t i l i / e r this requirements. Similarly, the world oil trade has come lo hf; dornin-uixl by a h a n d f u l of huge, i n l e g r a i r d oil companies -- most of t h e m American-owned -- who control Ihe flow of oil and b y p r o d u c t s from well head to gasoline p u m p . These 'joinpanios h a v e corne in for heavy criticism in recent months, as t h e i r prnfil.s have risen almost as r a p i d l y as (he incomes of Â«]|-pnKU:ring states, lii t h e i r own d'jfousc. the oi! companies say tiu i ir /c'.urn on i n v e s t m e n t is no h i ^ ' i o r Lh?m most other businesses, nn-:l iiic recent profit j u m p n-prcL-enis a recovery f r o m previous low levels. According to some a c c o u n t s , the oil-oxnort ing co'intric? - - and p a r t i c u l a r l y i h e Ar;;b shiekdoms of t h e M i t H i t * T-.';ij-'i -- are almost as concerned about their new wealth as are the oil-in]porting naiious. The AraF economies am geared to absorb only a s m a l l par. of the s u r p l u s revenues. ;nul tvi'ii recent huge purchases of sophisticated weapons from the West h-ive d r a i n e d only an ins i g n i f i c a n t portion of ;he hi o n - thai a^e f l o w i n g in. As a r e s u l t , investment banks ^re springing up all over the Middle East, and (he A r a b s are putlmg their money into e v e r y t h i n g from real estate along t i r e Riviera to big blocks of A m e r i can stock. 0\E A P P A R E N T vic-Jm on ihe oil crisis is Western u n i t y . A m e r i c a n relations with Europe have been strained by efforts on both sides of the Atl-tntic to m a k e b i l a t e r a l deals with oil producers. Even U.S. ties w i l h C a n a d a , the source of a rjmmer of ;*H U.S. oil imports, have been damaged by bickering; over prices and supplies. M a n y economists fear the i n d u s t r i a l countries ' couki slip into d a m a g i n g trade wars a m o n c j themselves, as each seeks to bolster its position at the expense of the others. Jf (bat happens, a worldwide depression as severe as Hint of Ihc l!Ws is v i r t u a l l y ?ortaiÂ». To head off such a possibility, (he bit; internet! t u n a I f i n a n c i n g iti.slitutions. such as the World Bank mid the I n t e r n n t i o a n ) Monetary Fund, have been working o v e r t i m e lo devi.se ways to cushion the shock to the: monetary system. Most of their proposals center on helping the world's poorest n a t i o n s survive t h e effects of the pi-ice increases. Starvation lies a r o u n d t h e corner if ihasc c o u n I i- i c s are forced by m o u n t i n g costs to curtail imports of fuel and fertiliser. D i f f i c u l t times He ahead for the United Stales and other industrial countries. E*iil for the poorest t w o t h m l s of rmmkiml. the f u t u r e Irioks tiepressingly b l e a k . The A r a b Israeli war of last October, w i t h its resulting oil embargo and price increase 7 ;, f u n d a m e n t a l l y change:! intern a t i o n a l relations. While the p u r s u i t of detente w i t h Russia and China was essentially- political, the present situation is almost e n t i r e l y economic-. The Nixon a d m i n i s t r a t i o n has come around to this view, despite H e n r y Kissinger's often-ptih- liciml weakness in economic matters. U.S. foreign policy is beginning to be shaped in response to economic realities. Th" riueslton is whether the Uni led States can assert s u f f i - cient leadership in this time of peril to world economic order. Bible Verse "A soft answer lurneth away w r a t h : but grievous words stir up anger." Proverbs 15: J As we weigh our words on the scales of God's love u n d what Jesus would do and say, we won't have a n y t h i n g to worry snooper squad. On August 5. 1970, for example, l l a l d n n u n ordered John Dean to investigate 0'Brien's connection with an inlcrnatUmiil consulting firiri called Public Affairs Analysis. Analysis. Tilt 1 gunishoc work was assigned lo young Huston who found the firm's activities "not o n I y leijal h u t prudent. O'Brieifs rcliitionstiii) with PAA is so minor," added Huston, "that I would think il unworthy o! f u r t h e r investigation." The following J a n u a r y , ' l l a l - deman ordered an exhaustive investigation into O'Brien's relationship with billionaire Howard Hughes. Caulfield reported back in a Jan, 25. 1971. memo that t h e investigation c o u l d bubblegum in Noxon's face. The Hughes organization's "tentacles touch -many extremely sensitive areas of'govern- ment." cautioned Ciiu.lfielcl. "each of which is fraught w i t h potential for Jack Anderson type exposures/" An a t t e m p t to tie O'Brien to a leasing scandal also loll f l a t after John Dean reported in an A p r i l G, 1972, memo: "As a result of my investigation and discussions, it appears t h a t it would be extremely d i f f i cult to establish the direct tie-in between O'Brien and GSA (Mm government's leasing agency). Even if this could be done, however, it is Ihe consensus of all with whom I have discussed this that raising the issue might open a Pandora's box that we would later regret opening." Our White House sources say that ITaliloman in April 1972 ordered an investigation i n t o t h e relationship between McGovcrn and Kennedy. The White House still feared that O'FSrien might be able to stalemate Ihe Democratic convention, persuade iMcOovern lo withdraw ami push Kennedy as the presidential nominee. R was to rind out more about this suspected plol. our sources believe, that the Watergate burg l a r s were ordered to break into O'Brierfs offices and buy lus telephone. 7984 Just Around The Bend NKW YORK ( E R R ) -- ft is now 'lit years since George Orwell's g r i m l y futuristic novel. Nineteen I'ighly-Four was pub- lishetl on J u n e 13. !M). The year lf)JM is only 10 years away. and this interim .already has been lermetl "Hie Onvellian decade." One fittest ion will be asked with increasing frequency as t h a t starkly s y m b o l i c year approaches: How close* ;U'e \vo to "iniM" as Orwell envisionc'il il? The answer, as a brief review of his engrossing novel wili quickly reveal, is Unit we are a long way from 1984, but.... O R W K I . I / S PROTAGONIST history in the Ministry of T r u t h , or Al i n i I r u e. as the agency is k n o w n in Newspeak, , the official language. Ncwspeak was created to meet Ih Â· ideologic;!] needs of Oceania's r u l i n g Parly. The: nmni- pittcnl lender of Oceania is Big Brolher, whose ''bla^k miis- lachio'd face" looms from posters everywhere and whose surrogate eyes and ears wnl'jh mid listen llmnigh ubiquitous U'ie- sereens and hidden microphones. The Party's slogans "War Is Peace. Freedom Is S l a v c i* y . Ignorance Is Strength." -- are exain|)lc i s of the official policy of "doublethink." or accepting enril.r:i:H'j- tory b e l i e f s simultaneously. Smith ami his lover. .Julia, join a secret conspiracy move- 1 mcnl dedicated lo t h e ,:vtrniu.il rverl!i:-"v n f ;ne P n r l y Bur in the end both are caught, tor- lured, brainwashed and farced to betray one [mother. The novel concludes w i t h Smi'.ii's n u m b reali/.ation t h a t : "Ho iiad won the virlovy over himself. He loved Big Brother" M A \ f V C K L T I C S havi? argued t h a t no oilier novel in Mrs CL-ntiiry succeeded novel in hi ling so much l o a t h i n g Cor tyranny and so much Jesire for freedom. Orwell won c r i l k ' a l a c c l a i m in Great Britain, but died in 1950 as worldwide lilcr- ary recognition was just beginning. Today, in the w a k e of the Watergate scandal, an Orwell revival has begun. Writer Kalherine Byrne has iiskctl: "What would the man ( O r w e l l ) whose Winston Smith cut and pasted Ihe Parly's latest version of history in the Ministry of Truth...Ihirik about Howard H u n t , working with razor b l a d e and scotch tape in (he W h i t e Mouse basement?" And Leonard M. nieser, president of thÂ« American Association of ilia Advancement of Science, has warned t h a t "the finiteness of o u r pi a net could move u s toward the dismal society if national leaders continue In address the issitc.i of mankind through phrases and processes f r i g h t c n i n g l y close to Ncwspeak and Doublethink. 1 ' In a prescient IfMfi essay on "Politics and the English Lagi nage" Orwell wrote: "Poitic.il language.,.is designed to maka lies sound t r u t h f u l and murder respectable." The euphemistio lingo of the Vietnam war, where bombing was "prolectivft reaction" and invasions were "incursions" would not have s u rpri sort O r we! 1. Nor would much of the "inoperative" or ' 'deleted'' language of Wator- gale. [f we make it through 1981 without duplicating Orwell's nightmarish super-stale, we can look forward to another milestone. The year 2050 is when Orwell predicted Newspoak w o u l d completely replace standard English (Oldspcak).
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