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JJortfctoest Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1974 The President Is Courting His Jury A Better Place To Visit The annual meeting of Arkansas Chamber oÂ£ Commerce Executives opens today in Springdale for a two-day session. The blue ribbon panel has a full agenda of activities lined up, under the energetic and accomplished supervision of Springdale Chamber manager Lee Zachary. We are confident the program and meeting will be one to remember (after all, Where's a better place to visit in Arkansas than the Ozarks?). We extend our welcome to the group, and wish them a profitable as well as enjoyable stay. Today's activities include golf (at Fayettevi lie's Paradise Valley) anrt bridge, plus a reception and barbecue this evening. Tomorrow's work session includes an address by University athletic director and head football coach Frank Broyles, plus panel discussions and workshop events. Northwest Arkansas is pleased to host these distinguished executives. We trust they will take the good story of this corner of the state back to their homes when they go. The Chamber of Commerce effort today is less and less the provincial activity of its founding days. More and more it is a cooperative, group effort on behalf of state and region. This year, particularly, the typical chamber accent is o nkeeping the tourist closer to home, so that the state's economy will benefit. This is symbolic of overall Chamber focus in the Seventies, and we welcome the chance for state C. of C. executives to visit with us, and share their interests and enthusiasms. More A Question. Than An Issue Although former governor Orval Faubus made as much of an issue of amnesty as he could during the recent gubernatorial primary campaign, the fact is that amnesty isn't really a state-level problem. Nor is it a particularly burning issue in Arkansas. That Mr. Faubus pushed so hard for a debate on the matter -- insisting right along that former congressman David Pryor is soft on the subject -- suggests a lack of hot issues in the race for governor, too. Pryor is described by one writer as having an absolutely sure command of the "unsure phrase." This description goes, certainly for his position on amnesty. And few seem to care. It just isn't a big, burning matter in Arkansas. This isn't to say, of course, that amnesty isn't a political issue of continuing significance. It is still to close to the end of the war, though, to deal with it objectively. It will have to be faced sooner or later, of course, as Mr. Faubus suggests, but extremism, on either side, will only hinder a What Others Say fair and reasonable solution. Unconditional amnesty is probably as unrealistic a demand as blanket criminal charges and prison sentences. Those young people of good conscience who fled the country or went underground to avoid the draft deserve the chance, it seems to us, to return to their homes and to lead normal lives. We would favor some penalty of service to the country, in exchange for amnesty. But it does the national purpose no good, we believe, to add further discomfort to a war which should never have happened in the first place. We take it, this is close to Mr. Pryor's position. The best test of the amnesty rationale, would be to let those young people who actually served in the war make the decision. We would abide by that. What we distrust is the reaction of those who remained behind, and likewise firm in the belief that the Vietnam war was such an honorable affair, all around. DEFEAT OF A GREAT DISSENTER It is on* of the ironies of American politics that a primary election in a small slate can remove a national figure from public office. But this is what has happened in Arkansas, where Gov. Dale Bumpers, representing a new polilical generation, has overwhelmingly defeated J. William Fujbright for Democratic nomination to the Senate seat he has held for almost three decades. Apart from ttie local popularity of Mr. Bumpers and the waning national impact of Senator Fulbrighl in recent years, there are several possible strands in the outcome. T h e Fulbrighl campaign suggested seniority and e m i - nence could do more for Arkansas. Yet his concentration on Washington and matters at the (op must have marie him seem remote to Arkansas in comparison with their very visible Governor. The belated Fulbright campaign effort to get the black vole looked r a t h e r desperate in view of his poor record on civil-rights legislation. At the same lirne Mr. Fillbright appeared to be a \From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Former Secretary of Slate Dean Acheson was scheduled to appear late today at Ihe opening session of the Arkansas B a r Association's annual meeting at Hot Springs. Beginning this month (he telephone system of 11 local federal so VEARS AGO Right h a n d s were clasped in honest friendship and the bond of union between ForL S m i t h and Fayeltevilie was f i r m l y sealed at real civic love feast between some 300 business men and women of the towns today at the Wesley Hall. Commencement exercises at 100 YEARS AGO The bodies of Gov. Yell and his son Clinton, were removed t h i s week from Ihe old homestead near town to Evergreen Cemetery in this city. At (he closing hours of the session, the Legislature wiped agencies has been consolidated u n d e r the Federal . Telecommunication System Network, which is under the General Services Administration. The switchboard, number Hf 3-2301. is located at the Veterans Hospital. Ihe U n i v e r s i t y of Arkansas this year will open Saturday evening with a concert by the Department of Music. A reception at the home of President and Mrs. ,1. C. F u l r a l l will be tendered Ihe g r a d u a t i n g class, alumni, faculty and visitors from four to six Monday. out the infamous official p r i n t i n g act and (he people are Icfl free lo make (heir legal publications in any newspaper in the county. This will take a small portion of the chicken pie from the "official organs." TheyMI Do It Every Time Â·3U06MENTONTHE DECK PSOMENAO6RS- SET A LOW? O f ' THOSE TVC LOV BtH*~ I'LL BET ME NEVES SAVE us Fiesr wire A STEAPV WITH ONE Of Â·6M NEXT TÂ«Â£ casualty of the loss of confidence in present national government caused by the scandals of the administration which -- another irony -- he so oEten opposed. Governor Bumpers campaigned on a need for new leaders to restore confidence in Washington. Whatever the reasons, Mr. Fulbright acknowledged his defeat in the c o u r t l y manner which he has custom- a r i l y m a i n t a i n e d even when launching his .sharpest dissents against national policy. Though this newspaper has often disagreed with h i m , it recognizes the- value of articulate dissent in a democracy. The retirement of such an experienced and knowledgeable voice from Capitol Hill raises once more the question of whether the United States - not having a Mouse of Lords -should provide some means to lap the opinions of its elder statesmen. In Mr. Fu.1 bright's case, lie would speak from an u n u s u a l record of often lonely independent judgment -- which sometimes seemed hrashly unrealistic but sometimes now seems to have been merely premature. Almost 10 years ago he was advocating the opening to China which il took a conservative Republican to achieve. As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee he was the perennial skeptic on his country's assumption that il was wise enough to busy itself with (he a f f a i r s of other nations. He questioned (he V i e t n a m war before this became fashionable. He sought evenhandedness in the Middle East before American policy went officially in that way. It is not yet clear who will replace l\Ir. Fulbright as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee -- Senators Sparkman, Church, and Mansfield have been mentioned -- but the change cannot help being significant. Along with positions that were characterized as a new isolationism, Mr. Fulbright sponsord the legislation that may have done more to reduce intellectual isolationism than a n v other single program since World War JJ -- the Fulhrighl Act f o r international exchange fellowships. Though Arkansans have at last opted lor a change, they can take satisfaction in the t h o r n y independent citizen (hey gave to the nation for so long. --Christian Science Monitor CLEAN UP TIME In just two short years, A-merica observes the 200th anniversary of its founding. . This event is not intended to just be a grand and glorious birthday party, hut rather a t i m e to reaffirm our American beliefs, reevaluate our present course, and accept the challenges of living in this century. It is a time to commit ourselves to the spirit of '76. to clean up the roadsides, ditches. and parks, and to give thanks for the blessings of freedom. Knowing how quickly a year goes, the time to start itiovlnz is now, --Miwr Coasty (S.D.) Pioaeer By JACK A N D K R S O X WASHINGTON -- W h i t e House mtlcs have taken pains to revnind nu'inbnrs of Congress t h a t they arc s i t t i n g on the impeachment jury ynit, therefore, that it is improper for them to discuss the case against, E J rc- sidcnl Nixon. II would seem to be even more improper, however, Eor Nixon as the defendant to court members of the jury. Yet he has lyken key senators and representatives on dinner cruises down the Potomac. He has made White House planes, limousines anrf other privileges available to Uiern. He has pampered them with sudden attention. The President is even tailoring his legislative program, at least in part, to appeal to the conservatives whose votes he is counting upon to keep him in office. The politics of impeachment, rather than the merits of the legislation, now seems lo determine what bills he will support. For example, the President has halted the construclion of a cross-Florida barge canal to preserve the beauty of northern Fforirla's Oklawalia River, As recently as six weeks ago. tfie .While House reassured Florida conservationists of the President's support. But the promises were forgotten afler a contingent of conservative congressmen called upon the While House to go ahead with the barge canal. The President, nastily withdrew his opposition. The same thing happened to The Washington Merry-Go-Round a federal l a n d - u s e bill, which the President had described as his "n\imbcr one environmental priority" in liis State of the U n i o n ' m e s s a g e last January. Rep. Morris Udall. D-Ariz., working closely with the Interior Department, drew up a bill to accomplish the President's objective. But conservatives were afraid the bill would allow the federal government, for the sake of the environment, to infringe on private ownership. House Republican leader John Rhodes and Rep. Sam Sleiger, R-Ariz., arranged a private visit with the President and urged him to abandon the Udall bill. Although the bill simply codified his own proposals. Nixon accepted the suggestion of the two powerful conservatives. Steiger helpfully provided a weakened substitute bill, which the President quickly endorsed. This killed tile Udall bill. It was a victim, snorted Urtall, of "Watergate politics." Agreed a s t a f f member privy to the backstage maneuvering: "This was clearly a case of Nixon trying to shore up his conservative support." The President has also shifted his stand against other consumer, environmental and social programs, which the conservatives despise. And he has showered them with other White House blessings. When Sen. John Sparkman. Â· D-Ala.. called f r o m Paris to complain about a second-rale Air Force plane lliat had been provided to Ily a congressional contingent home from Europe, the White House hastily dispatched Vice President Gerald Ford's plane across the A t l a n t i c to pick up the Sparkman group. Sparkman group. Another time, t h e President gave Sparkman and Sen. James Allen. R-Ala., a lift home from Alabama and provided (hem with limousines at the airport. And Vice President Ford gave Sen. Hiram Fong, R-Hawaii, a ride .to Hawaii last month. Few members of Congress used to get in to sec the President when the Gcrvnan shepherd dogs, H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, were guarding the door. Liberals are still excluded except on ceremonial occasions. For example. Sen. W a l t e r Mandate, D-Minn., hasn't been inside the While House since the late President Lyndon Johnson occupied the p l a c e , a n d Sen. George McGovern. D-S.D.. couldn't even get an official list of Cabinet members from the VVtiite House for an inquiring student. But the doors have been thrown open to the conservatives, such as Sen. Strom Thurmond, R-S.C., Robert Dole. R- Kans.. Pete V. Domonici, R-N. Mex.. James Eastland, D-Miss., and Walter Huddleston, D-Ky.. whose names are on a list of 34 to 39 hard-core conservatives whose vote the President needs (! r /SPeOAt V /PMSKitofSj 1 UE Â· l i! ^ wv UJggjfej^BFr^ Â©'97f- State Of Affairs Nixon Is No Innocent Abroad By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- As long as Mr. Nixon remains President he should, for the sake of the nation as well as himself, act l i k e the President in the conduct of foreign policy. Fortunately, he seems well aware of this. His plans to take off shortly for trips to Russia and the Middle East show that he does not agree with those who think V/atergale has undermined his effectiveness in the international realm. And in all fairness, it must be conceded that it has. In any case, it surely would not serve the national interest for the leader of the United States to act as if he were so crippled as to be incapable of carrying on and advancing the foreign policy of the counlry. It's clear that Mr. Nixon's domestic leadership has been seriously impaired, but abroad he obviously has not lost s t a n d i n g and credibility to the degree he las at home. Never- Iheless. his present polilical v u l n e r a b i l i t y has raised questions about his attempting any more "summit" performances for Ihe time being. Sen. Edward Brooke (R- Mass.) is especially concerned over the Nixon - Brezhnev sum- m i t meeting p l a n n e d f o r Moscow in a few w : eeks. He f e a r s that the President, weakened by Water- gale, might be pressured into compromising too much on a strategic arms limitation agreement in an effort to produce another popular success. THE SENATO 14 , like a number of others, also fears the . President might go to the opposite extreme by "overreacting to an attempted Soviet squeeze" and returning to a hard - lime cold war posture. There is little doubt that a ruptured detent* would please many of he ullra- conservatives the President is counting on to save him from impeachment. As Sen. Brooke says. "The possibility of this type of reaclion cannot be tolally dismissed in view of the fact that a hard - line approach by the President wcraid find favor wilh some members of Congress at a lime when the impeachment question would be before Ihem." Whatever the risks of further summits, however, no good would have come " from Mr. Nixon calling off his projected trips, for lhat would only encourage other nations to believe that the President no longer felt he could act or speak authorita- lively for the United Stales on foreign policy. It is also worth noting that the concern of Sen. Brooke, who was the first Republican senator to call for Mr. Nixon's resignation, is not shared by such GOP spokesmen as Rep. John Rhodes of Arizona, the. House minority leader. Mr. Nixon, says Rhodes, "it Bible Verse "Being justified freely by His grave through Ihe redemption t h a i is in Christ Jesus." Roman* 3:24 , Today in this moment you can be saved and settle things ' forever.' Simply' pray -"God b* Â· merciful lo me a sinner", and ask Jesus to be your savior. Do it now and believe it. "Him that Cometh to me 1 will in no wise cast out." "Seek ye the Lord while He may be found, call yÂ« upop Him whit* He ij near." probably Ihe toughest individual I've known. There is no doubt he is bearing up well. If anybody thinks that this man. who had the "kitchen a r g u m e n t " wih Khrushchev ( t h e late Russian premier) and has done all the things he has done, is going to Moscow and sell anybody nut, then they just don't know the man very well." BE THAT AS it may, there is no need for Congress lo be too uneasy while Ihe Presidenl is out of the country. If he comes back from the Moscow summit with, for instance, a new arms limitation treaty, it will, like the first one, h a v e o be ratified by the Senale. In the presenl Washington cli- male, however, not m a n y politicians are eager to give Mr. Nixon Ihe benefit of the doubt on anything, including detente. Nevertheless, the Nixon - Kissinger performance on the foreign front has been imaginative and construclive. and should not be denigrated because of Ihe suspicions and doubls generated by Watergate. Incidentally, the President's critics are wrong in trying to deprive him of any credit hy giving it all to his a d m i t t e d l y brilliant secretary of state. As Dr. Kissinger is the first to say, it is Mr. Nixon who calls the shots (good and bad) when the chips are down. As resourceful as the Administration's foreign policy has been, though, it is not a defense against Watergate. Mr. Nivon . .simply invites attacks on h i s foreigq achievements by constantly calling attcnlion lo Ihem in the-debate o v e r impeachment After all. it is Mr. Nixon who has insisted all along that impeachment should be confined to a narrow question of criminal liability rather than to overall performance in thÂ« White House. (O 1174, Lw Aifeki TIM to saw himself from removal. .. Sen. Wallace Bennett, R-Utah, and Russell Long, D-La,. were invited lo a private breakfast ostensibly' to discuss trade with Ihe Presidenl a couple of weeks ago. Earlier. Ihe President playel the piano at a birlhday parly for Bennett and Long was granted a 94-minute audience wilh the President. Sen. James Buckley, Ihe New,York conscrvalive, had dinner at Ihe White House 10 days before he asked Nixon lo resign. He hasn't been inviled back. Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, admitted to us that his requests "were put on Ihe back burner" in Ihe Haldeman-Ehrlichman days. But this year "things have opened up," he said, and While House aides "ara 'more receptive to my inquiries." A spokesman for conservative Sen. J. Bennett Johnson, D-La., pul it even more candidly. "The House is wooing Johnson. Nixon has been doing favors for Southern senators...(for) anyone who's a swing vote on impeachment." Footnote: A While House spokesman denied that the President's environmental shilt had anything to do with impeachment politics. The President simply is Irying to safeguard the environment a n d , at the same lime, to provide an adequate energy supply, said the spokesman. He claimed that the; Presidenl accepted the substi-' tute land-use bill "because it was a belter bill." Â·'. Trouble In The Vineyard WASHINGTON (ERR) -: . Another grape harvest is beginning in California." aid another labor battle is being fought in (he vineyards and the Â·supermarkets. The struggle- continues unabated f r o m last year between t h e International Bi'olhet'hoorl of Teamsters and' Cesar Chavez's United Farm Workers for the allegiance of the grape pickers -- and for the hearts and minds of the nation's grocery shoppers. The UFW's campaign for a public boycott of Teamsler- pickccl t a b l e grapes and l e t t u c e , recently drew the endorsement of AFL-CIO President George iVleany. He look tile tiny u n i o n under his wing last year when il seemed all but routed by. Teamsler organizers and -- " Chauez charges " s w e e t heart" contracts with the grape growers. Fow awhile last year Meany seemed lo have won a peace selllemcnl wilh the independent Teamsters whereby they would pull out of the vineyards a n d leave them almost entirely tÂ» Chavez. But the tentative agreement soon came unstuck, amid loud recriminations. By Thanksgiving ttic United Farm Workers were announcing a renewal of the boycolt. Five hundred f a r m workers were sent to 51) uf the nation's largest cities, where they w o u l d he- joined hy a thousand more, to drum up new support. The boycott extends to imn-UFW grapes, iceberg lettuce, a n d Gallo and r'ranzia wines. BOYCOTTS 1IAVK always been Chavez's big weapons. "In 1970. even the most anti-UFW growers will admit today, H, was the f i n a n c i a l pressure of the first table grape boycotj; that led them to finally agree to negotiate wilh Chauez." So says Frank del Olmo, who has long observed and chronicled California's f a r m labor strife.. "Now Chavcr. is apparently convinced that the same lactic- will work again, and g u a r a n t e e the future of his embattled union." Embattled il is. Union mem-" her.ship has dropped from a peak of more t h a n 40,fl(W (o a b o u t 10.001) or 12.000. More than 3,500 members were - arresled d u r i n g the course ot" a slrike lasl year in a half-'.' dozen California counties anrl^ two strikers mel death -- one from a sniper's bullet and the other in a scuffle with a deputy sheriff. CHAVEZ POSSESSES the rare quality among public figures to arouse widespread support for a cause. Those who witnessed the 1972 Democratic National Convention will recall Sen. Edward M. Kennedy aci^ dressing the audience as "delegates and fcltow lettuce boy- colters...." The National Council of Catholic Bishops has"" endorsed the present grape boy--' colt, and of course George" Mcany has loo. .. . If the Teamslers hold the upper hand in Ihc fields. Hie United Farm Workers hold'the high cards in the public relations battle. Los Angeles Times labor reporter Harry Bernstein wrote last fall: "The Teamsters have found no public hacking frorn any other union in t h e counlry. and almost no encouragement from any segment of the nation --Â· other than growers." The same can be said oday. But the vital question now for Chavez and perhaps for the. future of his union is whether Ihc public has grown tired of supporting causes. The campuses have turned from demonstrating to streaking. Yesterday's demonstrators have gone to work from 9 to 5 or have gone underground. Or does the fervor just lie dormant, awaiting (he right cause or Â»ppeai to tap it?