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Editorial-Opinion Page Tht Public Merest It ThÂ« First Concern O) Thii Netuspaper 4 * MONDAY, JUNE 3, 1974 Report On Cancer Causative Suppressed Stew, The Duke, And Sen. Bill ; May wasn't a very good month for us. :We'll just have to admit it, It goes without saying, of course, that we are disappointed in the defeat of Sen. Bill Fulbright in his bid for Democratic re-nomination. The senator, more than any talent he may have had for pork-barreling and President-baiting, was symbolic for the World War II generation of wisdom, civility and rationality in public affairs. In the years immediately after the second World War, Sen. Fulbright, of Arkansas, was alone among Southern congressional delegates in his combination of education, horse sense and good manners -- and the gift of using all three simultaneously. He elevated the business of being a Southerner, singlehandedly, during the 32 years he served in the Congress. A sense of security in the senator's high values and standard of conduct will be missing with the next session of Congress, as well as the prpudness that Arkansas could produce so estimable and prestigous a leader. The loss for the Congress is saddening, even though we are comforted in the certain knowledge that Mr. Fulbright, as an elder statesman and authority on both foreign and constitutional affairs, will find ample opportunity to advise, comment and in general help elevate the intellectual and moral climate of national affairs. Coupled with a lingering malaise over the election, we also confess to a sense oÂ£ loss in the death of Stewart AIsop, distinguished Washington political columnist. AI- sop was of a conservative bent, and we sorted through his weekly column in Newsweek Magazine more often than not without agreeing with his point of view. But above and beyond Mr. Alsop's particular ax grindings, he was a splendid reporter and a journalist of the highest integrity. Agreeing with him or not, one could be proud of the calling he represented, for Mr. Alsop consistently managed to dig out new facts and provide original insights on the flow of events from the nation's capital. In short, Mr. Alsop, as a journalist -- like Mr. Fulbright as a member of Congress -- represented the keenest sort of fidelity, morality, integrity and talent. Rounding out contributing factors to our sense of loss in the last few days is the passing of Duke Ellington, paragon of good taste and integrity, as both artist and entertainer through the middle half of this century. The Duke appeared to a packed Fieldhouse here a few years ago, and elicited repeated rounds of hot applause from older (vintage) elements of his audience. Significantly, though, he held the abundance of students in his local audience in serious, respectful attention. More than a mere purveyor of pop hits -- the likes of "Mood Indigo" and "Don't Get Around Much Anymore," -- the Duke was, like Fulbright and Alsop in their respective endeavors, a symbol of intellectual responsiveness combined with vision, style, integrity and great talent. Change is inevitable, of course, and history tells us the new will be better than the old. We fervently hope so this week. But we feel constrained to suggest to newcomers to journalism and jazz, no less than national politics, that they can do a lot worse than emulate three gentlemen named Stew, the Duke, and Sen. Bill. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- A warning that oil jwllulion in seafood may encourage cancer, birth defects and other medical horrors has been censored from a scientific slurly of oil hazards. The Â·105-page study was prepared by Ihe August National Academy of Sciences, which is supposed to be out of reach of oil politics. Yet the cancer warning was deleted like one of Prcsidenl Nixon's e.xplelives from the draft report. It may be only a coincidence that scientists from Shell and Chevron oil companies helped prepare Ihe report. Unlil it is formally adopted, the study is stamped "Privileged Information . . -Not for Puhlicalion. . .Do nol Quote Or Cite." Nevertheless, we have obtained one of the 100 numbered copies of the confidential volumes, including the censored cancer warning. " There is evidence, declares this deleted passage, that oil pollution found in seafoods causes t u m o r s in mice "even at low concentrations" and "may be Ihe significant agents in human" cancer. The dangers of charcoal-broiled steaks have received wide publicity. But the suppressed section tells of far higher concentrations of cancer causing oil chemicals in codfish, sardines, crustaceans and mussels. T h e suppressed passage cautiously notes that "Ihe mechanism by which chemicals cause the induction of cancer is almost totally unknown and the situation is even worse with respect to the chemical in- The Washington Merry-Go-Round What Others Say THE DEFENSE BUDGET As surely as Ihe swallows return to Capislrano Cso far) Ihe defense debale becomes acute in Washington in the month of May. The new military budget year begins on July first, only six weeks away. Congress has not yet completed the budget for the new defense year. It is the moment for, the annuaL. argument over how :much mrP'- itary strength the United Slates needs lo reach its annual climax. It is at climax now. Symptomatic in the flow of a singe day's news are Iwo news items from opposite sides of the argument. Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr.. about to retire from Ihe U.S. Navy's highest professional posl, Chief of Na ; : val Operations, contends lhat,'. the Soviet Navy has now reached the ability to break the U.S. Navy's control of the sea-lanes of the world. From Ihe oposite side of Ihe argument Paul C. Warnke, an Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Johnson administration, contends that the proposed new budget of $85.3-billion "involves waste, continuance of unwise pasl programs, a n d unsound efforts at pump priming." As always in Ihe annual defense debale the basic question js how much money for what purpose, and the issue is n o t reaJly drawn clearly between the Zumwalis and Ihe Warnkes. Admiral Zumwalt is nol really saying that Ihe Soviet Navy is more powerful lhan the American. He is saying that in his professional opinion the U.S. ':" : haÂ« lost the ability to control all major sea-lanes of the world. It did have lhat power. The rise of Soviet sea power has turned at leasl some of the sea-lanes of the world into no- mans water. In case of a non- nuclear surface war Ihe U.S and Soviet navies would have to fight for control of individual sea-lanes. But then, how likely is a non- Â· nuclear surface sea war bel- ween Ihe U.S. and Soviets - or with anyone else for lhat matter? Mr. Warnke has several good points in his argument that the proposed defense budget is too high. It is indeed loaded with nonmilitary items some of which are more concealed than olhers. Economic pump priming is involved. So too is Ihe subsidization of companies (often From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO The Springdale School Board, meeting last night in a called session, again failed to n g r e e on the site for a proposcvJ new elementary school. A booth will be set, up at so VEARS AGO Working the combinations of four doors, two on the vault proper and two on the l a r g e safe inside the vault, a robber or robbers took $4,500 in cash the D o w n t o w n Market tomorrow from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m by the League of women voters. The group is seeking signatures on a petition favoring permanent voter registration in Arkansas. and $8.500 in checks from the Mellroy Bank sometime between four o'clock Sunday afternoon and opening time this morning. They'll Do It Every Time ~~^ NEWPUBSEWrH I60TTA Y--f I HOH IT MOST A MEW CMC WTUPLSffY OF MMTMOW? diiction of birlh defects." The potential hazard can only be measured "in indirect ways," it stresses. Bui the censored section warns: "It can be postulated lhal any significant increase in the amount of ingested PAH (a cancer substance in oil) may increase cancer risk." PAH is also a suspected can- cer-causer in cigarette smoke, burning refuse, power plant emissions, coke smoke and motor exhaust fumes. These sources blow mort PAH into the environment than comes trom oil pollution. But the censored section contends: "Even if the probability of cancer induction of an individual Is very small, a society must not accept the risk." The research suggesting oil pollution possibly could cause cancer was omitted, without explanation, from the draft report. In its place, a powder-puff statement was substituted that "he effect of oil spills on human health appears to be negligible." This infuriated the author of the suppressed section, Dr. James Sullivan of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, who fired off a letter to Richard Vetter, the staff chief in charge of preparing the oil pollution report. "Certainly," wrote Sullivan sharply, "the effects of marine oil pollution on human health should have been the primary concern and focus of this report." Not even the oily tasle that seafoods pick up from petroleum pollution is sufficient warning, wrote Sullivan. For the taste buds may not always be able to delect the hidden health hazards i n . the edible flesh. The Academy, he protested, should "not obfuscate the issue with unsubstantiated conjecture." Footnote: Vetter vigorously denied there had been any censorship of the human hazards section. "It was never in there." he said of the cancer warning. When we tried to go into the substance of the report, he declined lo discuss it. explaining: "I think I'm in a very delicate nosition." D I R T Y TRICKSTER -Republicans bave Iried desperately lo divorce their party from the crimes of Watergate. The illegal activities, they claim, were those of President Nixon's re-election committee, not the Grand Old Parly But it now develops that Sen. Robert Dole, R-Kans., who headed the party during those turbulent limes, has hired one of Ihe Presidents dirty tricksters as a member of his own Senate staff. Dole faces a tough re-election battle against Kansas Democrat. Rep. Bill Roy. The Nixon campaign aide who joined Dole is Roger Stone. According to the Watergale lest- imony of another Nixon aide. Bart' Porter. Stone donated money to Ihe abortive presidential campaign of Rep. Pete McCloskey, R-Calif.. in *hÂ«. name of left-wing groups such, as Ihe Young Marxist League. The purpose was to hurt Me-: Closkey with conservative v - ters in Ihe New Hampshire primary. * Slone declined to discuss lhÂ« substantive nature of the allegations against him. I didn t . do anything illegal; it was poor, iudgmenl," he said, "and I regret it." The 21-year-old Dole- aide said he had cooperated with both the FBI and Ihe Se-' nate Watergale Committee. A spokesman for Dole said the Senator "didn't know about (Stone's Watergate involvement) at the time" Stone was. hired. "He's going off the payroll," said Ihe spokesman. Footnote: Earlier this year, there were reports of another political operator in Dole s camp Wayne Poucher. a political research consultant for a Tennessee public relations firm, showed up in Kansas digging for scandals to use against Gov. RoberJ Docking. At that time. Docking looked like Dole t opponent. Poucher's handwritten note* while he was in Kansas indicate close ties wilh Dole. "I will have to give Dole some kind of progress report on Sunday." Poucher wrole. Dole also denies there was a direct link between Poucher's undercover work and his campaign. Gay Front Seeks Civil aircraft) which would probably go bankrupt without Pentagon support. President Eisenhower spoke out against the "military- induslrial complex." How much of the defense budgel actually goes for support of shaky and non-economic companies, and how much is just plain economic pump priming, and how much is actually for foreign policy purposes (Vietnam) rathe.r than true American "defense" purposes? The truth of Ihe mailer is thai because of fhe "cold war" Congress has fallen into the habit, ever since World War II. of voting almost anylhing the Pentagon wants. It is the only budget which usually sails through Congress each year more or less untouched. It is (he great sacred cow of these times. Other deparlmenls have fallen into the habit of loading as much of their projects onto the defense budget as possible. For example, the Slate Denarl- menl couldn't get a penny out of Congress jusl now for Viel- nam. Aelually this year even the Pentagon can'l get as much as the White House wants for that purpose, but it can still get something. The resull is lhat for the first time in American history the U.S. has not reduced its military budget and its military posture subslantially after a major war (although it is down in percentage of GNP).The - present military budgel is about the same as lhat for Ihe lasl year of World War II (in dollars). The military strength of the U.S. is still far above anything maintained by this country in previous belwcen* wars times. World War II ended nearly 30 years ago. The U.S has maintained the largest, strongest, and most expensive military posilion in the world over that length of time. Obviously, there isn't time between now and July first to reappraise all the assumptions which lie beyond Ihis mililary posture. The proposed budget will have to be approved more or less as it stands. There is no practical alternative. But over the next year or two (here really should be a serious rethinking of t h e American military posture. If t h e world truly is on the threshold of a generation of peace - does the U.S. need 16 Army and Marine C o r p s divisions. 39 tactical air wings, 508 naval vessels, and 506 strategic bombers? It is vital thai Ihe U.S. Navy have control of all the major sea-lanes of the world? Sould foreign policy and domestic economic ends be sought through the defense budget? These are not easy questions to answer. We are not sure of any one of the answers. Neither the U.S. Government nor the U.S. people have really taken time out since the outbreak of the Korean war to think deeply into Ihese questions. Conceivably, a serious rethinking would end in a conclusion that the U.S. need more, not less, military power than il has. Yel. the thinking should be done thoroughly. The U.S. should not go on indefinitely as it has over the last 34 years automatically giving Ihe Pentagon more or less everything it seeks. It's time to question mar* carefully and thoughtfully. - CkrWiu Setae* And Still Standinq" A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought INDEPENDENT JAZZ. Leol nard M a 11 i n, "Ja/.z Goes Independent," Saturday Review - World. May 18, 1774. pp. 40-41. "Slan Kenton. Marian Mc- Parlland, George Shearing and Ihe World's Grealesl Jazz Band are among Ihe growing number oi jazz arlisls who have gone independonl by manufacturing and marketing their own records. The idea is hardly new -- Ihere have been private labels for years -- but the development of mail - order businesses by major jazz names is a recent trend." "While creative freedom is a factor in the move toward independent recordings, economic survival is certainly a ni a j o r reason. . . . As tough as "it is for established professionals to make their message known, their problems are minimal when compared with those of young jazz musicians who don't have the repulalion or renown working lor them. Recognizing this fact the New York-based Jazz Composers' orchestra set up the New Music Dislribution Service Iwo years ago." "The NMDS makes it possible for an unknown performer to acquire an audience, however small by commercial slandards. . . . Other ambitious producers and jazzophiles have established Iheir own labels, bolh recording new material and reissuing older rarilies; Ihe lisl is endless. What Ihcse people have proven is thai there is a demand for good jazz of all kinds, and if the major record companies can't be bothered with anything but big-selling rock groups, there are people who will make the effort to put this Â·music on disk and somehow find Iheir audience." INDIAN JEWELRY. Steve Nickeson. "Conlroversy Surrounds Indian Jewelry, 1 ' Race Relations Reporter, April 23. 1974, pp. 6-7. "As The Wall Street Journal pointed out a few weeks ago, turquois and silver Indian jewelry is the second besl investment in Ihe U.S. today. All over the country consumers Â«rÂ« laying their money down for jewelry knowing only Ihe in- veslmenl possibilities, but not knowing whelher the piece they buy took an Indian days to produce using centuries-old methods, or if it was turned out by a white man in a few hours with the help of an electric, centrifugal casting machine. "They do not know whelher Ihe turquois is natural or if it has been impregnated with plastic to create the dark-veined effect. . . . If the article is being'sold also as an antique they do nol k n o w il il is a new piece lhat has been larn- ishcd wilh a sulphur solution, or by being wrapped in a newspaper for a few days, or by being flash-plated wilh pot metal." "Indian jewelry is like money, the bad drives oul the good. There are Iwo levels of bad Indian jewelry, one of which is the obvious imitation. . . . This is nol much of a threat to the Indian artisan, although some of the marketing practices at this level are somewhat dubious. The threat to the Indian artisan comes from the jewelry that is no an obvious imitation, but comes closer to being an expert forgery. T h e forgeries usually sell at t h e same price as the real, but in a pinch the price can always be saefly reduced below that of genuine Indian jewelry because it has. been mass-produced." ART AS INVESTMENT, Walter McQuade, "Invesl in the Art Market? Soybeans Might be Safer," Fortune, May 1974,pp. 201-206. "The phenomenon of art collecting is too instinctive and loo common to be dismissed as mere fashion or the desire for fame. II is a complex and irrepressible expression of the inner individual, a sort at devil of which great personalities are frequently possessed.' wrote Francis Henry Taylor, former director of New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art." 'These days it is not only great personalities who appear ti be possessed by the urge lo collect; a wider sweep of Americans than Â«ver before arc buying art. A mixture of truth and hoopla has drawn many previously uninterested people into the international art market, not so much lor love of Â·the objects they buy, but for financial speculation. Art has become something of a commodity to be invested in." "Perhaps as a result of current uncertainly aboul the direction contemporary art is taking, more and more investors are turning away from the art of the 1970's. They are searching backward into discarded fads, although some manipulation of such revived speculative issues has become apparent. . . . T h e n e w a t - mosphere in Ihe art world today is like lhat of a haughty old neighborhood in London where a private mansion has been remodeled into a fashionable gambling house. The essential grandeur of the place may remain, but a headier glamor has been added with the spin of the roulette wheel. What Ihe change has done for the neigh-' borhood is debatable." CULTURAL D1RORDERS. Hendrik Herlzberg and David C. K. McClelland, "Paranoia," Hendrik Herzbcrg and David C. K. McClelland. "Paranoia," Harper's. June 1974,pp. 51-60. "Paranoia is a word on everyone's lips, hut only among mental-health professionals has it acquired a tolerably specific meaning. It refers to a psychosis based on a delusionary premise of self-referred persecution or grandeur, and supported by a complex, rigorously logical system that interprets all or nearly all sense impressions as evidence for that premise." "The traditional psychiatric view is that paranoia is an extreme measure of the defens* of Ihe intregrily of the personality against annihilating guilt. . . . Disintegration is avoided, but Â»t high cost: the paranoid view of reality can make everyday life terrifying and social intercourse problematical. And paranoia it tiring. It require* Â«ThÂ»Â«rtDÂ« mental effort," Equality WASHINGTON (ERTO -American Psychiatric Association voted in,April to remove homosexuality from its list of mental disorders, members of the gay community hailed Ihe deci-ioh as a significant victory in ti.eir struggle for full legal rights. Homosexuals contend lhat one of the roots of pre- iudice toward them in this country has been Ihe position of many psychiatrists lhat homosexuals arc mnotionp'ly disturbed, or al leasl sexually immature. But recent, events have shown that Americans' deep-seated hoslility loward homosexuals is not easily overcome. In New York City on May 23, Ihe Cily Council defeated an attempt .to ban discrimination in housing, jobs or public accommodations because of "sexual orientation." Earlier in the month, voters in Boulder. Colo., rejected by a 2-to-l margin an ordinance that would have forbidden job discrimination against homosexuals. Opposition Id the ordinance ran so strong thai Boulder citizens launched a recall drive against two outspoken supporters of Ihe measure. Mas'or Penfield Tale and town councilman Timothy Fuller. A recall election may be held early in June pending ihe outcome of a court decision on its legal validity. IN NEW YORK Cily. strong o p p o s i t i o n from the Roman Catholic Church and the city's police and fire departments was a key factor in the defeat of the anti-discrimination bill. Many persons expressed fear lhat passage of the measure would open school doora to homosexual teachers. Some parents who voiced sympathy for the gay rights cause still were afraid thai their children might be sexually influenced or harmed by a homosexual teacher. Such fears persist despite evidence that the vast majority of child molestation cases involve heterosexual seduction or assault. Despite the setbacks, gay activists are confident thai their quest for full civil rights ulti ; mately will succeed. They point to a growing public acceptance of homosexual behavior. Laws banning some forms of discrimination against homosexuals already have been enacted in Detroit. Minneapolis, Ann Arbor. San Francisco. Seattle^ Berkeley. East Lansing.Mich.. and Columbus. Ohio. Perhaps the mosl comprehensive mca-. sure is one applying tn Wash- inglon. D.C.. banning discrimi- nalion in public and private employment, public accommodations and access to housing, e d u c a t i o n a n d commercial property. THE AMERICAN Civil Liberties Union in 1D73 launched a Sexual Privacy Project aimed Bl attacking all criminal statutes which prohibit consensual sex : ual activity among adults or discriminate against persons who engage in such activity. The ACLU contends that such laws restricting the private constitutional rights. The ACLU predicts that the Supreme Court soon will rule on the constitutionality of the laws restricting the privae sexual behavior of consenting adults. Justice Thurgood Marshall already has expressed "serious doubts whether the s l a t e m a y constitutionally tssert an interest in regulating any sexual act between con- Mnting adults." Meanwhile, leader of the gay community have announced plans for A drive to add a homosexual rights amendment to the 1964 Federal Civil Rights Act. Gay activists also are working to eliminate restrictions against homosexuals in the military and in jobÂ» requiring a security clearance. The American civil rights movement has recruited yet another forceful minority.