Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on June 2, 1974 · Page 21
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 21

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 2, 1974
Page 21
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J2ortf)toest SEOiOND FAYETTEVIUC, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, JUNE 2, 1974 Historic Ft. Smith -- On Our Door Step Reflections ij On A Short j ·** f ? Visit South * ; One needn't go all the way down to 1-40 to discover t h a t Jhe national speed limit of 55- per is being taken these days about as seriously as President Nixon's protestations of non- i£mplicily. No one. not even bttle old ladies in their prover- qial tennis shoes, is content te whack it along under 60 on the Interstate. '* And even on less seductive freedways, such as from here to Ponca, the unofficial mini- inum seems to be somewhere Around 60. ^ I suppose, if the national limit Was set at 60 everyone would fie clipping along at 65. So if Congress really feels 55 is the fiest speed, maybe someone UD there should offer an amendment (to the .· Defense budget, rpaybe) reducing the limit to 50. .'., MY EXPERTISE on high- Way speed is recently acquired by way of a short trip fb south Arkansas. All the way (low and back, at 55 mph, not car did I overtake. Not a vehicle die! I s p o t . i n my. rear- View mirror, in fact, that didn't zoom on by (including, down in Cleveland County. t\vo truc- · tors an:t ;i mowing, machine). .·' What happens to the average driver, of course, after a certain period of disciplined driving, is t h a t iiis accelerator muscle begins tightening up. As the cramp sets in, the toe is 'slightly depressed and before you know what's happened, the car is doing a fat 60 or so. (I assume that Ihc State Police are aware of this involuntary phenonenori, because I passed two cruisers parked on Hie - median of 1-30 on Memorial Day, visiting nmiably, while hordes of wild-eyed urbnnitcs whizzed by, trunk lo grill, at upwards of 65.) the le In : THERE'S NO MAGIC in- 'Volved in, the 55 figure, of bourse, as the nation's truck ;drivers have been insisting all ,ilong. Under some condition? I ^higher speed limits are just as '- -'-safe, and perhaps even m'ore ' 'economical in terms of energ · -consumption. At least a case ;can IK? made for some flexibil *ity in the regulation. The evidence is fairly clear ; this deep into the energy crisis 1 : speed reduction experiment i though. Slower speeds ARE cutting down on accidents and .traffic dealhs. (So smile, pahd ;nur, when that big twin-finned -gas guzzler from Texas streaks ;by in a h u r r y to make his noxl -Holiday Inn reservation. He'.= Iwrong and you're right, am 'that's a comfort of sorts ,even .' '.if your leg muscles do cramp -' 'up from f i mc lo time.) : THERE'S A BIG difference .; : between south Arkansas and the ·Ozarks. Their growin' season is : 'three or four weeks ahead o : burs. Corn, for instance, is eye ; high already and well tassled : and some local melons and tomatoes are in. Then, too there are all sorts of vegetative ^differences like St. Augustine /grass, live oaks and poinseUias eleven taller than the corn. U; As a way o( life,, residcntia ·-.'..landscaping is a considerabl; '.'(; bigger deal down that, wa '.' (throughout the "Old South, ; ' 'actually) Ilian locally. Pines : /azaleas, magnolias, and exotii : Vground covers abound, and resi ^dential areas seek to emphasize r *or focus toward natural terrain i ' r a t h e r than trying to mitigati , or overcome it, as is the ten '';' dency hereabouts. j Fayettevillc is blessed with ·: number of springs, bluffs ai i creeks. All are either pol ! luted, tiled, bulldozed o v e r '· channelized or hidden to th /rear of building developments ..": "Devil's Backbone" used to \y :· a popular picnic spot. II ha( ,r bluffs and a variety of pleasing i topographic features. Today the S "backbone" is broken by grid i- pottemed streets and the taste ':' f lessly conforming art of th ! ,'dozer. It could have been ; r better used. .-; We can brag with good reason ;'i on our achievements in ccono "· 3 tnios, education, religion am : , agriculture in North Arkansas ^'but we have yet to get as goor ',;"« handle on graciousness ;. style, it seems to me. as man ^ ' O f our neighbors to the south ', (But then, again, they don't ge |"up as early as hill folks, anc 1 hardly any of 'cm know ho ? 'to mow,' or chop firewood). s Hoofenanny Set For Uncohi ·;.-' LINCOLN-- A "Hootenanny i Country music show will be hel '{ Friday, June 7 at 7:30 p.m. i iJ.the Lincoln School cafeteria ij Sponsored by the Lincoln Hea ; [ Start Parent Cormnittec. Ui ...annual fund-raising benefit wi ,- feature Sarge and Shirley Wes j Lew Myers, Joy Washingto j ind other local performers. ; Proceeds wil be used to fin I ish the new Head Start buildin j at Lincoln for low income pre .!. school children. For further ir :-,; formation contact Liz Yance S 124-5512. By FAUNE CONNOR ort Smith is a. bustling, gressive c i t y popularly ed the "Gateway to the irks." However, Fort Smith ds some surprising tourist at- clions of its own ' -- attracts that arise from the city's allh of history. Fort Smith y he the "Gateway fo the irks' 1 now, but it was once [indisputable "Gateway to West." n the early 1800's, Fort ith was the last stronghold civilization on America's n vast frontier. Separated m Indian Territory by only Arkansas River, the city w from a rugged military post to a large marketing ter for the Southwest. rlunately. many remnants of rt Smith's colorful past have n saved from destruction, 1 the city is now among few the U.S. so actively working preserve i(s heritage. Tourists exploring Fort Smith can trace the city's' fascinating g r o w t h by visiting the numerous historical sites that are all located close to one another in the older downtown area adjacent to the river. Most of the streets in "Old City" are numerically and alphabetically named so they are easily located, and city maps can be obtained from the Forth Smith Chamber of Commerce office at 613 Garrison Avenue in the heart of the business district. The most renowned of Fort Smith's attractions is the courtroom of Judge Isaac C. Parker, a National Historic Site administered by the National Park Service, The courtroom, located on the corner of Rogers Avenue and South 2nd Street, is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. in the old Barracks Building of the second Forth Smith erected in 1832. Judge Parker was a U.S. district judge for Western Arkansas from 1875 to 1896 and is credited with bringing law and order to t h e 70,000 square mile Indian Territory that was under his jurisdiction. P a r k e r was called the "Hanging Judge" because during his strict tenure 79 desperadoes met their death on the gallows. A replica of the large and awesome gallows now stands at one end of the Barracks Building lawn. Across the street from Judge Parker's court are two other historical sites, Belte Point and the Old Fort Museum. Belle Point is a point of land overlooking the junction of the Poteau and Arkansas rivers. It was here that the first Fort Smith was built in 1817 to protect settlers from the warring Cherokee and Osage Indians. Only the foundation of the early log fort remains. The Old Fort Museum is housed in the 1839 Commissary Buildin * artifacts. Fort Smith Nati tery is only a few of Judge Parker's Garland Avenue am Street and is ano while stop. Open 8 a.m. to 5 ip.m.. th is the resting place from the War of 1 the Vietnam War . the burial site of Ju and the 12th U.S. Zachary Taylor. Continuing to tr Smith's illustrious p will find an authen or "bawdy house" 123 Front Street b railroad tracks anc The Riverfront Hot round 1898, was own Gaston and was one lar houses of ill comprised '"The 1 onal Ceme- blocks east » court at d South 6th ther worth- daily from nd is also dgc Parker President, trace F o r t ted at between the built a- repute How." that The two-story, white clapboard hotel is not open for tours, but its Victorian baroque style architecture and unsual cast iron dormers are of interest. Leaving the once wild, untamed waterfront section of old Fort Smith, tourists can view the more elegant, gracious history of the city in the 22 square block area that comprises the Belle Grove National Historic District. The area was designated a National Historic District in 1973 and is primarily a residentail area bounded by North H Street. Some of the old homes in the district -may be toured, while others are private residences or are in the process of being restored. A number of the homes are historically significant, and many are notable because of their unique architectural design. Among the outstanding homes open to the public in tlie Belle Grove District is the Reutzel House at 401 North Sin Street. Built around 1830 by c o t t o n shipping magnate Casper Reutzel, the house is of half-timber construction and its cut stone cellar walls contain gun ports visible beneath the porch. Another open home is the Vaughn House at 423 North 6th Street, which serves as th'e Forth Smith Art Center. Built in 1882, the home's spacious rooms are used as art galleries along with an adjoining Exhibition Hall. The center is open Tuesday through Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and on Sundays from 2 to 4 p.m. The historic Clayton house is at 514 North 6th Street, currently under restoration, was the home of William H. H. Clayton who was U.S. district attorney in Judge Parker's court for 14 years. The large house contains The Alcohol Test A Difficult Hurdle For Many Drivers ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF M PROOF LIQUOR NEEDED TO REACH APPROXIMATE GIVEN LEVELS OF ALCOHOL IN THE BLOOD "CMPTY STOMACH" DURING A ONE-HOUR PERIOD* WITH LITTLE OR NO FOOD INTAKE PRIOR TO DRINKING By JACK WALLACE TIMES Staff Writer Many persons arrested for runken driving believe that if icy refuse lo take an alcohol cst they cannot be convicted n court. On the contrary such person stands the chance of ·sing his driver's license for a period of six months simply by refusing to take the test. Arkansas law provides that if has reason to m individual is under the in- 4 County Men Among Those Winning Paroles The Arkansas slate Parole oard has granted paroles to 4 prisoners in Arkansas pcni- entiaries, including four who 'ere sentenced in Washinton Circuit Court. Johnny Guthrie, of Fayette- iile, will he paroled after serv- ng rive years on a 21-year sen-, ence for second degree mur- er. According to Prosecutor lahlon Gibson, Guthrie was onvicted in 1969 of the beating eath of Arklcy Garrctt on south College Avenue about a Jock south of the Courthouse. Also paroled was Ray Burch- II, from out-of-state, who was onvicted of burglary and rob- ery in 1972, and sentenced to 2 years. Burchcll was accused f holding up a Springdale li- uor store. Eric Jorgenson of Fayette- ille will be paroled after serv- ng less than a year on a four- ear sentence on possession of tolen property. Jorgenson was reused of having property aken in a break-in at the eam Merchant on West Dickon Street, last fall. Stephen Bromley. Fnrminglon, vho pleaded guilty to a charge f forgery and uttering in 11173, .'ill be paroled on the remain- er of a two year sentence. Bromley was a first-time offend- Theft Reported Ricky Ailrert, Route 6 told iheriff's deputies that $30 and a assette tape-radio combination vere stolen from his home Fri- ay night. Deputies said entry to the lome was gained by removing a screen from a rear window. that while a policeman believe driving fluence of intoxicants, he may require that person to submit to a test lo determine the amount of alcohol in the blood. Further. Act 106 of 1969 states that, "Any person who operates motor vehicle upon the public highways of this state shall be deemed Lo have given consent...^ a chemical test or tests of his blood.' breath or urine for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of his blood if arrested for any offense arising out of acts alleged lo have been commuted while the person was driving ,'sical control of a motor vehicle while under the i n f l u e n c e of intoxicating liquor." Policemen, as a mailer of course, are trained to be alert for the drunk driver and are aware of his characteristics. The Nalional esti males t h a t Safety drunk Council drivers account for only about five per cent of the total number of drivers, but are responsible for more t h a n 40 per cent of the accidents and fatalities. When a policeman suspects a driver of being drunk, the first step is usually a field test. The- results of the field test determine if the driver will be taken to the department for further testing, including those mentioned in Act lOt;. FIELD TESTS Field tests usually consist of checking balance, dilation of pupils, walking, turning and speech. If a driver fails these simple tests, he will be asked to submit to olhers. The normal test for blood-alcohol content at the Kayetteville Police Department is a Photo Eleclric Inloximeter (PEI). The intoximeter takes a sample of a person's breath and determines, by use of a photo electric cell, the amount of alcohol in the blood. To accomplish this, the suspected driver is iisked lo blow hard into a tube altached to an air bag and to the machine. When the air bag becomes full, the remainder of the long continous breath is fed into the machine for testing. The machine tests only that part of the breath which is from the lower part of the lungs -part that absorbs bxygeh Body Ounces of Maximum W»iflht 80. Proof Bteod a cohol (Lbs.) Liquor Consumed Concentration -- - 240 In One Hour % By Wt. -230 J -220 -210 -200 - 190 -180 -170 -' 60 __-- --' · 50^*^^ -v^ '' -- *t4fJ s- *. -\ x ^. -«\ -120 \ \ \ --110 \ -100 \ -- 16 -- 15 -- 14 --- 13 -- 12 ,-' -- 1 " --10 _ ~ 9 -a 8 «»^* -7 -6 ^ - 4 "**"*-*,, -3 \ \ \ \ - 2 \ \ · H \ ' \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -- 0.20 -- 0,19 -- 0.18 n 17 "~~ V. 1 / -- 0.16 -- 0.15 -- 0.14 H-0.13 -- 0.12 -0.11 -0.09 -- 0,08 -0.07 -0.06 -0.05 "FUU STOMACH" DURING A ONE-HOUR PERIOD* OCCURRING BETWEEN ONE AND TWO HOURS AFTER AN AVERAGE MEAL Ounces of Maximum Body 80 Proof Blood alcohol Weight Irquor Consumed Concentration (Lbs.) In One Hour % By Wt. " -240 -230 -220 -210 -200 -190 ,, -180 --170 ^-*-160^ - ^ -- 1 40x -- - 1 30 *X, % _ -120 -110 -100 _ -16 -15 _ -- 14 -- 13 * -12 ,,-·· _ ~~ **** ~~ TM -S -8 ~ -6 ~~ -5 S ^ ~* ^v \ -3 -2 1--0.20 -0.19 -0.18 -0.17 -0.16 -0.15 -0.14 -- 0.13 ^-0.12 -0.11 -0.10 - 0.09 -0.08 -0.07 -0.06 -O.OS -0.04 -0.03 HOW THE POLICEMAN'S FRIEND ARRIVES AT READOUT .. chart shows horn weight and food are reflected in results of the intoximeter from the blood. The results of this test determines whether a driver will be charged with driving while intoxicated (DWI). Another common fallacy is that Ihings like onions, garlic, gum, breath sprays and other items have an effect on the results of the test. In fact, only Ihree substances will result in a reading on the intoximeler. One is, of course, alcohol. Another is ethyl ether, the substance used as an anesthetic and not usually consumed in liquid form. The last substance is paraldehyrie, a tranqujlizing drug rarely used today, except is subjected in institutions. After a driver to the intoximeter test, he has the right to request a test by a doctor or other qualified person for his defense. The second lest may take the form of a blood test or urine sample. Such tests, when requested, generally show a higher concentration of alcohol in the blood than did the breath test. Police, of course, have the option of using the highest of the two tests. In simple terms, an intoxi- . meter tests the amount of alco- 10! in the blood by a process ising light: The breath con- aining the alcohol is fed into solution of sulfuric acid and otassium dichromate. The .solution is contained in small ampule, with which the nachine is calibrated to ezro lefore the brfoih is introduced nto the ampul. As the breath s fed into the empule. a change akes place in ttie color of the otassiutn dichromate if alcohol s present in the blood. The hoto electric cell measures the mount of the change in color i'hich shows the amount of al- ohol present in tiie blood. If .10 per cent alcohol is present, ie driver may be charged with DWI. ' The amount of alcohol present n the blood varies with the in- ividuaal. Exactly how much ilcohol can be c o n s u m e d MADISON COUNTY TRAVELER .. is examined by J. D. Lyman 0} Fayettcville Ancient Turtle Defies Time Forty-three years ago Sieve Lyman carved his name, the date of June 7, 1931 and Loy, Ark. on a box terrapin. I,ast week a nephew, Harlen Lyman, rediscovered the terra pin when he was picking strawberries in a patch about a mile from the Lyman home, Recogni/ing his uncle's handiwork. Harlen brought the terra pin of J. I). Lyman of Fayette ville, son of the carver and principal of Root Elementary School. The new owner docs not intend to keep the terrapin but will return it to its natural habitat in Madison County. He believes it was full grown at the time his father - carvet his name because of the spacing of the letters. He sak there is no way of telling the age of the terrapin after i passes 15 years. If it was in deed 15 years old when hi father carved it, it has passcc the half-century mark. The box terrapin has been known to live for 150 years. iriver before he is charged epcnds on several factors, ncluding height, weight, how much has been consumed within - a certain time period and if food is present in the stomach. The intoximcters and the policemen who operate them are tested often by the State Health Department to make sure they meet certain rigorous qualifications, according to Sgt. Richard Watson. The machines are checked daily with a known certified solution to keep them in calibration. In addition, department per- operalors and the building in which the machine is contained and quarterly for the machines. sonnel machine must with check each an unknown sample monthly. The results of this test are then sent back to the Health Department for evaluation and, if the results are inaccurate, the machine is taken out of service. A Health Department chemist visits the department every three months to test the equipment himself, as well as check records and surroundings. Certificates are issued yearly for Rogers Soldier Killed In Texas FT. HOOD, Tex. (AP) -- An Arkansas soldier was fatally shot while military police wres tied him for a pistol, authorities at this Central Texas Army DOS reported Saturday. They said the man was threatening a hospita attendant with a .22-caliber pistol. The spokesman said Fred erick Keppler of Rogers, Ark. who had sufferer! a cut on a hand, appeared at the base's Darnel] Army Hospital and asked for medical attention. Keppler became angry at a delay, the spokesman said, and pulled a pistol and placed the muzzle against the head of an attendant. Military policemen said thej tried to talk the soldier into surrendering the weapon anc the fatal shooting occurred as they scuffled for the pistol. The shooting was witnessed by Keppler's wife. Joyce. andcarved entrance doors and tair balusters and has eight mate fireplaces. The Barnes House is across he street from the Clayton House at 515 North 6th Street and is of Romanesque Revival tyle featuring a rare curved irick projecting bay. Nearby, at the corner of North 6th and P Streets, is Fort Smith's first public school, the Belle Grove School, built in 1886 and s t i l l n use. The Nance House, recently pened for tours, is at 601 North street, and is notable because t is painted in true Victorian :olors. The Bonneville House at 318 ^orth Street is fujly restored and open to the public on the ourth Thursday of each month, ( isted on the National Register f Historic Places, -this grand ome belonged to the widow of Gen. Benjamin Louis Eulalie de ionneville for whom BonncviHe Dam and Bonneville Salt Flats were named. General Bonneville, a western explorer, was immortalized . in W a s h i n g t o n Irving's book, 'Adventures of Captain Bonne- ·ille." Another old home in the his- .oric district is the Lewis Titles home at 400 North 8th Street, ?uilt in 1865, this once elaborate home is scheduled for uture restoration, HISTORIC BREWERY Not far from the Belle Grove District, tourists wull find still more historic structures includ- ng the Knoble Brewery at 4orth 3rd and E Streets. The irewery, open by appointment or group tours, was built aroud 848 and is on the National legister of Historic Places. The restored brewery features an underground beer cellar filled with antique beer making equipment. :, The Rogers house at 904 North llth Street was built about 1865 by William Rogers, son of Cap- ain Rogers, the founder of Fort Smith. The Sparks House at 20t North 14th Street was constructed in 1887 and now serves as the decorative Victorian sett- ng of Taliano's Italian Restaurant. : In downtown Fort Smith at .he corner of Garrison Avenue and North 5th Streets, tourists, may walk through Old Town, a network of six buildings erected from 1880 to 1890. What used to be a gambling casino, brothel, saloon, restaurant and candy shop have now been converted to deluxe apartments, a photograph studio, an antique shop, an interior design shop and various professional offices. Eiowever, the spirit of the gay nineties has been retained in Old Town, particularly in the !ore Grain and Feed Co., an old-fashioned tavern with stained glass windows, kerosene amps and a stampede metal ceiling installed in 1897. CHEROKEE CAMP Still in the downtown Fort Smith area are other interesting sites including the location of the last Cherokee Indian encampment on the legendary Trail of Tears at the intersection of South 6lh Street and Garland Avenue. The site of Zachary Taylor's home is on the campus of St. Anne's Academy at Garrison Avenue and North 13th Street, St. Anne's Convent, built in 1906, is also notable since it the only remaining French Renaissance Chateau style building in Arkansas. The site of Judge Parker's last home is at 318 North 13th Street where the Carnegie City Library now stands. : The Free Ferry Road in east Fort Smith is an impressive throughfare lined with n u m - erous "Gilded Age" homes of the early 1900's. The Frea Ferry Road intersects with Interstate 540, which leads across the Arkansas River to Van Buren. seat of Crawford County. The Crawford County Courthouse on South 'Hh Street was first built in 1841 and reconstructed in 1878. Several historical markers on the courthouse lawn commemorate such events as the Civil War battle of Van Buren on December 28. 1862, and the passing of the Butterficid Overland Stage which came down Main Street beside the courthouse and crossed the river by ferry into Fort Smith from 1857 to 'i860. Reading Tutoring Program In Schools Wins High Marks The frst year of a reading tutoring program in Fayetteville elementary schools has been given high marks by teachers and tutors and is expected lo be instituted in the junior high schools this fall. Mrs. Wade Burnside, city- REMEDIAL PROGRAM OUTDOORS . . . Kirs. David Parker works with a child at Wosh- ington School wide coordinator for Ihc program which involved trained volunteer tutors working in a one-to one situation, said it has been successful and innovative. In fact, the Fayettevillc City Council Parent - Teacher Association received an award from the state organization for designing and instituting the program. .School officials see the program as a means for providing the very i m p o r t a n t one-toonc relationship which is impossible for teachers Mrs. William P. Boyer. reading specialist for th« schools, has directed the program and provided the orientation for the volunteer tutors. More than 50 volunteers participated and each one worked wilh from one to six youngsters. The program was coordinated by Mrs. Gayle C. Bridges. Jefferson School: Mrs. Howard Peterson, Bates; Mrs Porter Stone, Washington; Mrs Alan Larson, Bunttcrfield, and Mrs. Fred Taylor, Root. At the o'.uer elementary school volunteers worked with principals and presidents of th» schools' PTA. Volunteers, working under the direction of Mrs. H a r r y Vander- grilf. prepared much of th* material used in th* program.

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