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Edited by Bin WilBom* UA PROFESSOR LOOKS AT POLITICAL CONVENTIONS By BILL WILLIAMS gressional caucus was used to EMERGENCE ' O F TH Elcnoose candidates for president PRESIDENTIAL NOMINAT- --' -" Â·'Â·Â·--' "Â· "-Â· """Â· ING CONVENTION: 1789-1832. by James S. Chase (University COPING WITH ADVERSITY LISTEN KOR THE FIG REE, by Sharon Bell Mathis of Illinois Press- $8.95) Just before the election of 1832, the Antimasonic. Republican and Democratic parties selected presidents! candidates in national conventions for the first time. The impact of the national conventions on the development of American politics has been felt ever since. This scholarly treatise veals, as far as possible, the 'circumstances responsible for .the convention's nearly simultaneous adoption by all three iparties. ; Variety was the distinctive feature of the Republican party iduring the Jeffersonian era. ;The selection of elected officers ,was neither systematic nor unified. Â· Before the convention system Iwas Anally adopted, the con- and vice president. Its ties with state and local divisions of the arty were informal and very mcertain. Dr. Chase, professor and chairman of the Department of listory at the University ol Arkansas, says credit for sys- .em must be widely shared. The initial thrust came from the middle Atlantic states and from 1832 to 1840 it steadily grew. Four conditions, according to Chase, were conducive to the rise of the nominating vention. They were: (1) division of states into progressively smal ler units of government. (2) a dense population, (3) a large CASUALTIES BY REGIMENT IN THE CIVIL WAR By PAT DON AT REGIMENTAL LOSSES IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, Â·by William F. Fox (Mor- 'ningside Bookshop Press -- $25) William Fox, a veteran of the Civil War. first published Regi- .mental Losses on May 1, Â·1888 covering the U n i o n and .Confederate loss -- but the huge ;(595 8 by 11 inch pages) are Â·mainly about the Union dead r Â«nd wounded. Civil War buffs will find this Preprint of Fox's recap of deaths during the conflict of interest but the general reader is not Jikcly to wade through the list after list of statistics, ; The author dad not have the Â·general reader in mind when he compiled the information. In his introduction he indicates the Xvork is "designed for the benefit of advanced students" .already familiar with the more Â·"important points in the history erf the events alluded to". ; The book is a treatise on tne extent and nature of the Â·!mortuary losses in t h ft Union 'regiments. Tbe author, unlike number of elective offices and. finally, a competitive party system. The conventions' appeal, he says, is rooted in the historica significance of the word itself The concept derived from the English constitutional struggles of the 17th century when two irregularly appointed parliamentary bodies settled the government of the kingdom by pretending to express the of the entire kingdom. The convention satisfied the great political touchstone o Jacksonian democracy - popu lar spvereignity. Every public question was to be decided b. the people through their repre "sentatives. The national convention ha; profoundly shaped the presi :ency as well as the party structure, has averted the dan ger of Congressional control by concentrating the electorate behind two candidates. It alsÂ« gives the president a base o support independent of t h legislative branch. Alexis de Toqueville, the French writer on American Democracy, said in 1831 that system provided security from both tyranny and the seizur of power by small groups. Chase begins with the Jeffer sonian legacy, the rise and fi of the first Republican Party the revival of party politics an . aught her to cope w i t h her jlindnest, but his murder just jefore Christmas still hurts. It s the apparent cause of her mother's alcoholism. As Christmas again ap- roaches, she wants only two iings: to h a v e Leola, her mother, well and lo attend her irst Kwanza, the black African elebration she has worked so ard for. She must also bring er mother out of her self-pity j many Ifailed historians to mention who them, have does Â·include the battles of Pea Ridge sand Prairie Grove. Union losses at Pea Ridge iMarch 6-8, 1862 were: Ninth Â·Iowa Regiment, 38 killed, 176 .wounded, four missing; the ;Fourth Iowa Regiment sus- Â· tained 18 killed, 139 wounded and three missing; the 37th Illi-| nois Regiment had 20 killed, 121 Â·wounded and three missing. He lists total union losses at 1,384 at Pea Ridgu (but puts it in .Missouri) as 203 killed, 908 wounded, 301 captured and missing. A t Prairie Grove the aggregate was 1,251 with 175 killed, 813 wounded and 263 missing. The author, sets the military population of the 11 states of the Southern Confederacy at 1,064,193 and the U n i o n at 4,559,872. This figure is based on the number of males between 18 to 45 in the 1860 census. Arkansas furnished 35 regiments and 12 battalions of in- f a n t r y ; six regiments and two : baltalinns of cavalry, and 15 'batteries of light artillery, to the Confederacy. The state lost 104 officers, 2,061 enlisted men. Of lhesÂ« 27 officers and 888 enlisted died of wounds; 10 officers and 1,250 enlisted men died of disease. The book has been presented to the Washington County His- Â·torical Society and will be Available to students of history at the society's office. . THINGHHAT i FASCINATE Â· STRANGE TALENTS, by ' B e r n h a r d t Iturwood a n d ! CARAVAN OF THE OCCULT, Â·by John Macidin (Ace--J1.25) Â· Man has long been fascinated |by the weird and occult. These Â·two books, part of Ace's Ejcor- Icism Serieis. includes brief ac- Â·counts of clairvoyance, tele p a t h y , automatic writings Â·dowsers and secondsight. In Strange Talents, is an :account of Rolf, the Wonder Dog. who knew how to count and also use morse code. There is also the s t o r y of Leon Sorrel of *Â« Paris Observatory who predicted the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and the beginning of World War I. "Caravan of the Occult," Is a collection of ghost stories, curses and variant people who Â·had uncanny powers. Macklin also teDo Â·tout the horses of ;Elberfield who like the wonder .dog could count, add, subtract, divide and so forth. ' There Is alvi the tragic story lof an Mot chM who Hved darling the reign of Henry VTf and could see events happening far away and could also predict future events. Robert Nixon, unfortunately died of starvation al the King's court Many readers enjoy ghost tales and there are plenty of those In these two books. For those who like to read about people wtth strange talents, they will find tales covering this phase too. 1 Like most collections of weird tales some are obviously the product of a writers rich imaginations but don't let that Â·other you. ---oww covers the Antimasons, th national Republicans a n d - Ih Democrats. He makes fresh in terpretations of the congres ional caucus and the connectio between Jacksonian Democrac and the convention form party government. Summing up, the work Is d tailed, scholarly and valuab study of the acceptance of tl political conventions. It is n a book t h a t can be read in on or even two siftings. Anyon who is interested in America politics however, should be we rewarded'for his efforts in wa ing through "Emergence of t Presidential Nominating Co ention." SOMETHING IS LACKING Viking -- $5.95) Muffin Johnson, a 15-year-old lack girl, is faced with com ex problems -- blindness, a rinking mother and the mur- er of her father the year efore. Muffin ack girl. an Her independent father had PASMORE, by David Storey Dulton ($6.50). This novel, "Pasmore," Is k strange one. A brooding cast study of one man's descent into his own personal hell, it is not for those looking for a light, pleasant read. Written by David Storey -known for his plays, such as "The Changing Room" and previous novel, "This Sporting Life" -- it tells of Colin Pas more, the educated son of a coal miner who, as he nears 30, has everything most men seek a wife, children, a home of his own. and a steady income from teaching history at a London university. Yet something is lacking, al :hough Pasmore never is quite sure w h a t it is. And the whole carefully-built edifice of Pas more's life begins to fall apart slowly arid steadily. First there is the recurring nd helplessness. She wants to attend t h e Kwanza with Ernie, a boy she oves. and wear a new dress he has made herself. The celebration, she feels, nightmare which nudges Pas the s a f e spot he has chosen his life, anc more from which t o b u i l d will help pull Leola past the icmories of the awful year and ilso ease her own pain. She charges ahead with her l a n s , shopping, cleaning, looking, buying a dress pattern nd with the help of an upstairs neighbor, sewing it. Her mother makes things ough, but Muffin keeps running hings her way and ignores Krnie's warnings to slow down. ] =g she can see things arÂ« they really are. She almost gives up when she i attacked in the hallway the night she goes upstairs to show ier dress to Mister Dale. The Cwanza saves her in the end. The celebration gives her strength and compassion to return home and face Leola's problem with her with both .nsight and love. "Listen for the Fig Tree" is poignant, fierce and proud story of young urban blacks and :heir problems. It also conveys after that the steady slipping away from the reality of tha which is into the reality whici Pasmore thinks is. A Urn when "there was no way back no way forward. He was, knew now, extinct." And yet, about a year afte he began sinking into the pit o( himself. Pasmore begins dig ging himself out and eventuall lie returns to normalcy. But a uneasy normalcy, one in whic Pasmore "still dreamed of th pit and the blackness. It existe all around him. an intensitj ke a presentiment of love, or iolence: he found it hard to ill." Storey tells Pasmore's story n tight, understated prose that nderscorcs the always-lingcr- ng sense of menace that hangs ver the scene. "Pasmore" rot an easy book to read, but if ne gets taken up by it it is --Pt VERY WARM, UNREQUITED LOVES by Elliott Baker. (Putnam. $6.95) Elliott Baker's latest is a charmer and well worth a fas rip to the bookstore rathei .han waiting a ye^r or so for i o show up at t h e drugstore MHmd in paper. Baker, whose previous effort include "A Fine Madness" am "Pocock ft Pitt," tells in ex cellent prose in "Unrequitec Loves" of five women wh were deeply loved at differen times in his life by the prota gonist, Elliott, but did not lov him in return. The first love came when h was 9 or so. The object of th adoration was his aunt, a pre ty girl in her 20s whose life wa ruined by.a malevolent fortun teller. The story is basically sad one. but Baker has a talen for getting humor into the odi est situations and he doesn fail here. All of these loves are louche with sadness, but there is grea good humor also. This is a ver warm, very human book. Pre-Dawn Fire And Explosion Kills Five JKISYVILLK. (AP) hree children and two adutls cd in an explosion and Tire lo ay that leveled a onc-slor.\ ame house in this central II nois hamlet. Don Brown, assistant fin hief "at Taylorviltc, said "Ihi odics of two children and twi. dulls were found inside abou iur feet from the front door hey were slacked up ... I joked as if they were crawling NorrhwMI Arkansen T1MK, Sun., Jim* 2, 1*74 FAYETTtVILLf, AUKAMIAS 51 jo the door when they were engulfed by fire." He said "the body of a girl was in another room." The bodies of the three children, r a n g i n g in age from , 3 to 12 years old, a young man and an older woman were not immediately identified. Three other persons escaped wilh minor injuries. Officials said Ihcy ran screaming to a neighbor when Ihe pre-dawn explosion ripped the dwelling. Brown said the explosion ap- parcnlly was caused by malfunction of a n a t u r a l heater. "When we arrived the i had caved in and oaiy MB* wall studding remained suiiu- ing." he said. Costly Subject NKW YORK CAP) -- Drlv** education, one of (he more costly subjects taught in our schools today, is heavily assisted by private business. In 197Z. approximately $I3Â» million worth of cars W"'" ' o a r - ' - ' n schools by local dealers, Man* classroom matcna,. ,u^ J provided. For example. . U n i r u y al Tire Corp. sponsors an entiro programmed course while Gen* era! Motors Corp. instructive films. distribute* THANK YOU My sincere thanks to thÂ« people of Washington County who expressed confidence in my effort to win the nomination for County Judge. My congratulations to my successful opponent, Mr. Bruce Crider, whom I shall support in hii candidacy for the ofice of County Judge in the November, election- Sincerely Yours GUS OSTMEYER Pol. Pd. For by Gus Ostmeyer the togetherness of people. black bww WILDLIFE APPEAL GO EAST, YOUNG MAN. By William O. Douglas. (Random House, $10.) This book is as much a- Supreme Court justice's personal appeal for wildlife and wilderness preservation as it is an autobiography. His experiences enhance his appeal, but the thousands of words Justice William 0. Douglas devotes to his passion for the outdoors create a barrier for a reader seeking information about events and people that shaped the author into manhood. This is information al most anyone w a n t s in i work labeled an autobiography and such a desire is justified when it involves a man such as Douglas. SUMMER SALE Monday Is Ladies' Day! Softly Tapered Grig. $25 Wonder Stretch Wigs Save OB the lightweight wig you need for your va- otion and all summer long. Shown: "Sonflower". Come early tor best selection. 9O Mill lanry--DILLARD'S--Ftr it Floor Sorry, No Phone or Moil Orders. Limited Quantities The Ladies Are Running The Store Monday Is LADIES' DAY Don't miss the great buys in every department while the ladies ar* running the store. SPECIAL PURCHASE ALL SIZE Ig Very Famous Line Sample Dresses This is your lucky day if you wear size tOf You can take your pick of these beautiful size 10 sample dresos for just a fraction of what you'd expect to pay. Many styles and colors from which to choose....o variety of beautiful fabrics. Come early for best selection. Moderate Dresses--DILLARD'S--Pint Floor Special Buy! Fashionable Suede Bike Jacket So much fuhion . . . for no much less than you'd usually pay! SmÂ»rt sued* bike jacket with rich far trrtn took is jo great with pants nd skirts. Choose from brown, Uieen, navy, Hack or wine. Sizes I to 18. Cool Nylon Tricot Summer Gowns Of All Lengths 49 97 Feminine and pretty gowns at a pin money price for our Summer Sale. Silky nylon tricot in shift 'gowns, long gowns, and baby dolls. Pretty pastel shsdes fa sizes S. 11, L. Or*. $7 427 CoÂ»tÂ»-DlLUUlD-S~rrrft Floor Budget Ungerfe-MUUXDV-nrst Floor Openn Monday Through Saturday 10 A.M. Until 9 P.M.