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NortitWMt Arlcomai TIMES, Sun., Jurw 2, 1974 rAvrmviLLi. ARKANSAS As The Forces Of Progress' Attack Fight To Save Nation's Wilderness Areas Continues -. By WILLIAM STOCKTON . THE MEADOWS, Gila Wil- ^derncss, N.M. (AP) -- Through ,,Â· the dusty afternoon, thunder .muttered, in the grey-black clouds gathering beyond the .canyon walls that loomed over ,.the meadows. Then, just at ..dusk, the storm thrashed the ^ canyon and the camp. The men scurried for tents. Their horses and mules jerked .at picket lines, shoving beneath . the shelter of trees. The thunder and lightning passed quickly, leaving a gentle rain to linger through the night. An occasional raindrop penetrating a liny hole in one tent sprayed a soft mist in the cozy refuge. Tlie rain stopped at dawn. A whippoorwill in a grove of pon lerosa pine began a mournful. His unassuming possessive-.doubled in the last four years rilling -- his announcement of a joyful new day. The middle fork of the Gila River had risen in the night. A stone the men had balanced upon the night before to scoop pure, snow-fed water from the rushing stream now was immersed. Dick Johnson, 37 years a for est ranger, set the gas stove to riissing for cowboy coffee -grounds poured into boiling water. Dawn's diffuse light crept across the meadow to the trees, revealing the towering canyon cliffs still shrouded in low-hanging clouds that hid the rising iun. "How do you like my wilderness?' Johnson asked. 'Your Work Is Already Cut Out For You' Lobby Techniques Abandoned In The Nixon Struggle 1 By RICHARD J. MAI.OY Â· TIMES Washington Bureau .. WASHINGTON -- Here is a Â· roundup of news items gathered . by our Washington Bureau. IMPEACHMENT: Â· Traditional lobby techniques have been abandoned by pressure groups lined up on both 'sides of the fight over the impeachment of President Nixon. Â· There is almost hone of the "usual personal face-to-face Â·lobbying taking place between 'leaders of pro and anti-imp e a c h m e n t groups a n d " congressmen. Instead the emphasis is on generating con- stituatit pressure on the lawmakers. U s u a l l y when important legislation is pending before Congress, lobbyists on both sides of the issue roam Capitol ' Hill to button hole congressmen 'and try to convince them to Â·vote one way or the other on "the issue. But both pro and anli- .impeachment forces think such '.tactics would be productive ! Congress prepares to decide the 'fate of the President. The two big groups backing "Mr. Nixon are the National Citi zens Committee for Fairness, " headed by Rabbi Baruch Ko ' r i f f ; and Americans for the "Presidency headed by Pcpsi-- 'Cola chief Don Kendall. Their primary technique has been lo ' run advertisements to hundreds pf newspapers around the ' country uging citizens to write , individual congressmen ex' pressing support for Mr. Nixon , The AFL-CIO is the bigges pro-impeachment group. 1 . published a bill of particulars .against the president and nine 'impeachment articles in union . newspapers and has distributee millions of reprints. The Ameri .'.can Civil Liberties Union in ' u r g i n g its 2-15,000 members to .organize hometown letter-writ ,,'ing campaigns against thi .president. Lobbying techniques may ^change as the time nears for an actual impeachment vote. In 'the House this is expected sometime in July and .lobbyists on both sides can be expected to step up their efforts just be fore the vote is taken. ;; . C A M P SAFETY: As nine rnillion youngsters prepare to ' h e a d for summer camp '.Congress is once again consi dering a federal law to se minimum camp safety stand 'ards. C h a i r m a n Dominick V Daniels, D-N.J., of the Hous 'Select Labor Subcommittee ^conducted hearings on such -Ml'he has been trying to ge passed for eight years. Th Â·D e p artrnent o f : Health Â· Education and Welfare present Â·ed testimony saying only fou Â·tales now have adequate law "to insure the safety of young -ers attending summer camp ..'Â· HEW testimony disclosed tha Ust year 23 kid* died at turn erious illnesses and 1,448 in- uries. The concept of a f e d e r a l amp safety law was endorsed y the Boy Scouts and by the \merican Camping Association, he latter group noted that amps which it approved had o pass 163 safety standards be- ore being certified. MEDIA DISPUTE: The giant merican Electric Power Â· Co. nd the Environmental Prp- ection Agency are involved in dispute over a newspaper ad- Â·ertising c a m p a i g n being onducted by the utility firm. The company, which operates n seven states, took full-page ds in scores of newspapers to ittack federal C l e a n Air Act ules and to question' the refusal f the U.S. to allow mining of oal in western land owned by lie public. The advertising campaign vas branded as "Irresponsible" ly Alvin Aim, assistant head if the EPA. He said power company icr camps, there \vere 1,223 Â·Slacking itallation requirements for of "scrubbers" ads in- generating plants smoke stacks o remove pollutants were "misleading" and gave a "one- sided view." EPA also pointed nit that the U.S. was prevcnt- ng mining of low-sulfer coal in h e western states until Congress completed action on a bill which will insure reclamation of lands which are strip-mined. The Clean Air Act of 1J70 ;avc electric power companies rorn five to seven years to :lean up their pollution, but in the past scverl months the industry has been pressing Congress for further extension of the deadlines. EAST - WEST T R A D E : There has been a sharp increase in foreign trade between he U.S. and Socialist coun- :ries. Last year we sold $2.5 lillion worth of goods to Soviet Ru s s i a , Eastern European countries and the Peoples Republic of China This was Â» Uiree - fold increase over t h e previous year. The U.S. million worth such study provides. Their argument meets with strong op- wsition from mining, timber, grazing and other interests who propose alternative uses for the lands. Sweat - soaked men wrestle heavy machines in a dark .'mine depicted in a mural in the lobby of the American Mining Congress office in Washington. The president of the congress, J. Allen Overton, a courtly West Virginian educated in the law. paced agitatedly behind tiis desk, often jabbing a finger at a visitor for emphasis. "We are a minerals-deficient nation with forecasts of becom- 'ng more so," he .thundered, waving an Interior Department prediction in which America's beckoning materials crisis is outlined mineral by mineral. "There is only one place where ynu can mine copper and zinc, iron and tin. and that's where the Good Lord in his gracious bounty put them," Overton said. "The first use of the land was to be production of minerals, but under good stewardship. "Good stewardship is not locking the land up." Harry Crandell, the son of a government hunter in Colorado, counters surji arguments. "It's not as if we're going to destroy these mineral deposits if they are in a wilderness " he said. Crandell ness from a office two lobbies for wilder- Wilderness Society blocks from the White House. Society membership, with SlO-a-year dues, has U5DA Plans Control Of Gypsy Moths WASHINGTON (AP) _ The Agriculture Department will use se* traps again this year to help map the progress of destructive gypsy moths and to exported JGM of wheat, corn and cotton to China, and pur chased about $64 million worth of goods from China. The U.S. sold $606 million worth of goods and imported $305 million worth of goods from those nations. We sold $861 million worth of corn, wheat and soybeans to Russia and in return purchased $71.3 million worth of petroleum products and diamonds. LABOR M A R K E T : The American work force will grow by about 3.8 million y o u n g people this summer, according to the U.S. Labor Department. About 1.5 million new high school and college graduates will be entering the work force for the first time, while another 2.3 million students will- hunting for lummer jobs. in Use Your Kmart Charge Card ness stated a simple but articu- o 100,000 late love for this natural, roof- said, less cathedral untouched by .an. America's system of wilderness sanctuaries is 50 years old this week. The Gila. rising out desert like a wrinkled black change I gumdrop on a birthday cake, plained, was the first, set aside June 3. 1924. It was 50 years ago that Aldo Leopold, a forester not long out of Vale convinced government superiors that the Mogollon and Black Range mountains in southwest New Mexico were so wild and unsullied by man that they should be preserved as a sanctuary. They were to be left changeless: 750.009 acres where logging, mining, roadbuilding and other commercial activities were prohibited; where man could enter only on foot or on horseback, and only to camp and occasionally to hunt. But as it marks a 50th birthday, the wilderness concept is under review -- some would say under attack. At issue is how much land finally should be declared wilderness and set aside by Congress. On one side of the bitter debate are the environmentalists -- the Sierra Club, Wilderness Society and others. The wilderness sanctuaries should be increased five or six told to 50 million or 60 million acres, they say, and this is the last.oppor- tunity to do so. Their argument is that millions of acres of U.S. government land are being exploited so quickly that soon there won't be additional untouched wilderness left to preserve. Opposed are those who see America's continued power and prestige as stemming from the land. The American Mining C o n g r e s s , National Forest Products Association and oth ers resist most plans to greatly increase the numbers of acres ol government land protected by law from logging and min- A materials-poor America can't afford the grandiose luxury that the preservationists de Â·mand, they argue. Wilderness is different to each who experiences, it. Bui For all, it is premised upon leaving civilization behind, save for a few necessities carried in a backpack or on a mule. Wilderness proposals now he- fore Congress would add 9.4 million acres in 72 areas to the 10 million acres now set aside. Environmentalists want an additional 12 million acres set aside immediately, instead of just 9.4 million. Federal agencies have anotl er 29 million acres under study for possible presentation to Congress later as wilderness sanctuaries. The environmen talists argue that 53 million acres should be under studs and thus accorded the temporary protection from exploitation members, Crandell MINERALS REMAIN "If Congress creates a wilderness and then a national emergency comes up, the minerals are there. Congress can change the law," Crandell ex- The walls are richly paneled with wood at the National Forest Products Association headquarters. Small embossed tags identify each species covering one wall. The elevators are flanked in West Coast hemlock. President Ralph Hodges' office is done in walnut. Hodges frequently criticizes the "preservation coalition" for its efforts to tie up vast quan- titcs of federal land, stopping all commodities production. "I'm not against wilderness. The forest industry isn't against wilderness. But each piece of land we set aside as wilderness has to be weighed," he said. "It has to be .weighed for the dependence of the people who live near it to make a living and the nation's need in terms of its economy, particularly the need for wood." W o o d , government forecasters have warned, probably will be in short supply in the future. FINAL STRUGGLE In the end, the struggle over wilderness really is about the stewardship of America's last untouched land, less t h a n 71) million acres of a virgin ex-| panse that once was 2.3 billion cres. Ray Swigart, 52, Gila Forest acting supervisor, who began his career in college on a range survey team, stabbed a shovel into the ground near camp. He dropped Â«i roll of toilet paper over the handle. "This is the latrine," he announced. "If you have to use it, dig a hole first and then cover it up." His admonishment is an earthy reminder of what the Forest Service considers t h e wilderness' most pressing prob- 'em - Loo many people. Later, while admiring a dense carpet of stars framed by pine trees, Walt Taylor, who oversees management of 1.8 million acres of wilderness in the Southwest, pinpointed the problem. "People who love the wilderness are'going to have to realize that they're loving it to death." OPEN DAIL 9-10; SUNDAY CLOSED i Monday Â· Â·*" I Tuesday K mart Blasts Rising Prices with these Fantastic Discounts 2 Days Only! MEN'S DRESS SHIRTS $ 5 Reg. 3.33 to 4.44 Stodc Up Now 2 F 0 R 11 Oz. Head Shoulders SHAMPOO LOTION Reg. 1.76 1.43 Limit 1 T7 Â· * *Â·)Â·Â· h. 2.22 SUMMER FAVORITES Your Choice 2 22 Reg. 2.96 s 6.4 Oz. Close-Up* or 7 Oi. Gleem Toothpaste 38c Limit 1 COUPON^ a. Misses' Halters, Midriffs. Easy-care flat or ribbed knit nylon ki a bevy of sunny colors. b. Misses' shorts. Such fashion finds as belt loops.cuffs, pockets, more! Colors galore. c. Girls' 2-Pc. Baby DoJIs. Flame-relardant polyester in pastels wrth dainty trims. 4 to 14. SUMMER OXFORDS FOR MEN Our Reg. Â£.97 4 91 ? Days Only ** Grained vinyl with perforated toe. Cushion crepe rubber sole. Oyster color. Men's. 9x12 SHAG RUG .96 20 INCH FAN 3 Speed Metal Backguard Strap Handle 16 control their numbers Tested regions. About 60,000 (raps bailed with an irresislable scent--irresist able to male moths, anyway- called disparlure will be distributed in a nationwide program by mid-June. The traps will be collected In September and the insects examined and identified by USDA entomologists. Disparlure was developed several years ago. A synthetic, it is said to be capable of sending male gypsy moths into sexual frenzies, attracting them from a distance of several miles into traps. In announcing the 1974 program Friday, officials said USDA arid state agencies currently are distributing the traps and are being aided hv the National Camperi and Hiktn A*- soclation. Reg. 29.96 Limit 1 Polyester shag room ized waffle backing size rug with rubber- in popular decorator shade. 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