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Jtortfjtoesit Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Ot This Newspaper 4 ft SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1974 Voters Firm In Their Conviction ; Arkansas voters proved to be pretty firm .in their convictions about the candidates in Tuesday's primaries. Gov. Dale Bumpers was endorsed by a near two-to-one mar- f i n ; former congressman David Pryor emerged from a three-way race for governor with a majority; Joe Purcell downed two Jivals for lieutenant governor, and for the most part those incumbents in the General Assembly seeking reelection received substantial votes of confidence. Gov. Bumpers, in his post-victory news conference, warned that it was a mistake to read too much significance into the surprising results of his race, either in terms of a national trend, or as a negative attitude toward incumbents in general. The temptation to do just that is strong, but the governor is probably right. The Bumpers victory is cast in a weariness with ideas and social struggles as much as anything. He appeals as a man who won't cause trouble, nor worrying us with the necessity of grappling with political responsibility. He is a more comfortable public servant than his opponent, a quality that has great appeal in these days of great political and economic aggravation. Pryor, too, we think, appears to represent a more static, stable potential than ex- governor Faubus, whose years in the Mansion were marked mostly by turmoil of one sort or another. In the same vein, Joe Purcell is less galvanic and aggressive than legislative lion Brandon, and his even-handed record as attorney general promises to be in a lower key than Brandon's activist style. We note that a good many Washington observers are taking the Bumpers win as a straw of warning in the politicial winds for incumbents up for election this year. This is at least partly true because office holders cannot successfully disassociate themselves with the trauma of social and political disruptions that have shocked the nation for the last decade, and more. The successful new image appears to be that of the bright young fellow with the bland approach. Right or wrong, there is this to be said: a considerable consensus in Arkansas approves. Tke Taint Evidence that the White House a year or so ago sought to direct the Internal Revenue Service to audit and harass President Nixon's so-called political "enemies" isn't terribly surprising in context. It is pretty much of a piece with other illegal or unethical operations of that time and place. One thing that occurs to us, though, is the fact that in such cases as an IRS audit, the fellow with a scrupulously accurate and correct tax return need have no great fear of undue harassment. If such an audit proved troublesome for some, the chances are they had some "iffy" deductions, or an extra liberal interpretation of a loophole or two. It is illegal, of course, for the executive branch to use the IRS for political purposes. How about the guy who shaves his tax returns, though? That isn't necessarily illegal. But as the White House crew shrewdly suspected, a lot of tax returns these days are far from incontrovertably legitimate. And THAT opens the door to potential harassment. In some cases, we must imagine, the taint extended all around. From. Oar Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO There is no plan to m a k e any change at the Faycltevllie FAA communication station until mid-1965, when the hours of operation of the station may he Halaby, Federal Aviation Agency administrator, w h o visited Fayetleville yesterday. Although many of the world's greatest scientific problems have been solved, most of the major moral and spiritual ones 50 YEARS AGO An event of interest to FayeUeville is the. auction sale of Parker's Valley View Acres, the new subdivision adjoining Fayetleville on North Leverelt Street. Consideration nnd ( h o u g h t f u l - riess for tourists and visitors to Fayetteville who violate local 100 YEARS AGO The Bourbon leaders throughout the slate are now laying thtir plans to retain Baxter in office the remainder of the term for which he was stuffed in. They are satisfied that they will never get a more pliant tool and they want to hold to him as long as possible. The many friends of J. M. Hoge, f o r m e r l y of this town, w i l l be sorrv to hear of his death on the 6th of April, 1874 remain. Dr. Carey Croneis, chancellor of Rice University and former UA instructor told BOO University graduates last night. The University of Arkansas SchoU Canlorum left Fayetu?- vllie today for Europe, where its members will make a series of appearances before taking part in one of Europe's most important music festivals. traffic ordinances are promised by Chief of Police W. A. Gregg. Horace Bagby of Fayetteville, Arkansas' candidate " for the Olympic team in the Decathlon, is leading the field in the mid-western tryouls at Lawrence. Kansas according to a message received this morning from Coach Grove. in Frcemont County, Colo. Judge Hoge was one of the first settlers of Fayetteville and filled many positions of honor. In 18-10 he was Circuit Judge of this county. We are informed that a new paper will soon be started here by a joint slock company of aspirants to office. It will be devoted to pulling each other through the coming campaign. Bible Verse "And he said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God." Luke 18:27 If you have tried everything else, why not try God? "Behold, 1 am the Lord, the God of all flesh, is there anything too hard for me?" Father, please work a miracle in the l i f e of the reader to show them that you care and you can. In Jesus' name. Amen. Thank you. "And Jesus said unto them. Come ye after me. and I will make you to become fishers of men." Mark 1:17 When we exhibit the same dedication to the work of God as we do for pleasure and profit, we will t u r n ourselves around and the world with us. Every saved person is meant to be a soul winner. "Nevertheless I tell you t h e truth: It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will n o t come unto you; but if 1 depart I will send Him unto you." John 16:7 The Holy Spirit is here today in place of Jesus to do t h e work that He would be doing if He were here in person. Why don't we let Him do it? H o l y Spirit in the name of Jesus, and Co rthe glory of God, do mighty miracles today in the Housing Costs Beat Technology WASHINGTON ( E R R ) -- A three-day seminar on Ihe application of technology to housing problems will open June 5 at Stevens Institute of Technology. Hoboken, N.J. . . MANY FACTORS ARE responsible for the high cost of housing -- mortgage interest rates of 9 per cent or more, steadily increasing tabor costs, and the scarcity and rapidly accelerating prices ot land and building materials. Another factor, just as important as the others, is the built-in inefficiency of he homebuilding industry. Collectively it is one of the nation's largest, hut it happens also to be highly fragmented. As is often said, there is no General Motors of housing. G e r o g e Romney, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, nevertheless tried to create one. Announcing a new program called Operation Breakthrough on May B, 1969. Romncy predicted that factory- built housing would do for the homebuildEng industry what Ford assembly lines had done for the_automobile. The purpose of Operation Breakthrough was to demonstrate various prefabricated housing concepts at a number of sites around the country. Now in its final, volume-production stage. Operation Breakthrough will expire upon the completion of projects in Indianapolis Kalamazoo, Mich., and Jersey City, N.J. HUD officials have yet to make an over-all evaluation of the program, but Romncy remained enthusiastic. Opening a project in Michigan in March 1973. after he left office, he hailed it as "the beginning of a promising future for volume-produced housing in this country." .. O T H E R S ARE MORE skeptical, including some of the companies involved in Operation Breakthrough. National Homes Corp., a leading producer of prefabricated housing units, underwent a management shakeup last November because of financial reverses. In t h e first nine months of 1973, the company had lost $7 million on $171 million in sales, as against a net profit of $5 million on $163 million in sales for all of 1972. In the opinion of Forbes magazine. National's woes show that "the magic is gone from the concept of prefabricated housing." It added: "Or maybe the magic was never there. As it has turned out, economies of scale in prefabs were lacking beyond a certain point, and National...failed to get the most out of its product." Naional's new president believes the company relied too heavily on federally sponsored programs and should have diversified into the more stable middle-income market. .. STILL, THE SEARCH for new and less expensive ways to build houses continues. A seven-member Minimum Cost Housing Group at Canada's McGill University is experimenting with standardized glass containers, designed so that they could have a second use as interlocking glass bricks for constructing walls. The group also found that sulfur, a relatively abundant material, has a compressive strength comparable to that of concrete when mixed with sand or gravel. Use of recycled and recyclable materials for housing may s o o n become imperative because of mounting shortages and inflation. The Wall Street Journal reports that cement prices, which increased by 10 to 17 per cent in January, are expected to go up an additional 10 per cent in July. Now as never before, the housing industry needs all the technological help it can get. "Help! Let Go Of That Tentacle" D/ Attnirt: Best, Brightest \jj A//airs ... And Dum Dumbest By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- From time to time there have been polls on who were the brightest members of the House and Senate, but if it hadn't been for Sen. William Scott (R-Va.) not many would have known of a recent effort to determine the "dumbest" congressman. The results were published in an obscure publication called New Times, the latest issue of which featured a picture of Sen. Scott on the cover with a headline describing him as "the dumbest congressman of them all- Few in Washington or elsewhere had heard of this until the senator called a press conference during which he announced that he might bring a libel suit against the magazine. Except, he told the reporters, what would his constituents think if he tost the libel suit? It does make a fellow--even a senator -- stop and think. "I don't want to bring a suit and not vyin." Scott says. "Then people will think it's true. . . . .", And, he laments, "There are people- who believe what they see in print." There was a time when Scott might have had a respectable legal action, for there used to be so many backward senators and representatives on Capitol Hill that it would have been difficult to prove which was the dumbest. But the Congress gets smarter all the time. Ten years ago. New Times would not have found it so easy to single out one senator for the distinction it bestowed on Scott. NEVERTHELESS, THE magazine seems to have at least a prima facie case. Scott, for instance, appears to be the only member of the Senate who is encouraging Mr. Nixon to defy the House Judiciary im- peachment committee in ils efforts to get more Watergate tapes from the President. Scott also thinks it would be all right for the President to defy the Supreme Court if it rules against him on release of the tapes. This puts the Virginian in a class by himself in Congress. Not even Vice President Gerald Ford would agree with him. When Ford was the Republican leader of the House, he was not considered the brightest member of the class, but he is bright enough to perceive that Mr. Nixon is going to have a hard time demonstrating that he is above and beyond the Supreme Court, the Congress and the public. The real argument in t h e Senate these days is not over who is the dumbest member but the most intelligent, the m o s t able, the most effective. T h e general level of the Senate has so notably improved in recent years that it is no longer easy tn agree on the outstanding members. Perhaps the best judges of senatorial caliber are the capable and professional staff aides who, behind the scenes, do so much of the tough work that all members depend on. In a recent poll of these legislative assistants by Ralph Nader's Capitol Hill News Service, Sen. Jacob Javits (R- N.Y.) was voted the "bright- . cst." Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D- Wash.) was rated the "most effective." closely followed by Sen. Warren Magnuson (D- Wash.) and Sen. Javits. Sen. Robert Byrd (D-W. Va.), the assistant majority leader, was voted the "hardest working." Philip Hart (D-Mich.) was thought to have the "most integrity." Sen. William Scott was voted the "least bright." Most of the reporters who regularly cover Capitol Hill would not quarrel too much with [he results of that survey, although Ihere are a least a dozen other senators who could also q u a l i f y for these distinctions. T H E ErVCOURAGING f a c t is that both houses of Congress have been gelling EI lot of fresh young blood. In the 1972 elections, for example, the age of the 13 newly elected senators averaged 22 years younger than the members they replaced. The newcomers ranged in age from 30 to 57. for an average of '!;. Eight of the senators they replaced were over 70. The average of those retiring was 67. Even now, most of the still powerful committee chairmen are old enough to be the fathers, even the grandfathers, of the founding fathers who gathered in Philadelphia almost 200 years ago to write the U. S. Constitution. Five of the founders, incredibly, were under .10. and Alexander Hamillon himself wasn't much older'. Such leaders as James Madison and G o u v e r n e u r Morris were merely in their middle 30s. Actually, only f o u r of all the 55 delegates had reached the age of 60. U n t i l recent elections, a majority of the key men in Congress h a v e been born in the 15th century, when the United States was still a riffal country. Few were well educated or cosmopolitan in their outlook. They ha'd little experience or sym- p a I h y with metropolitan America. B u t fortunately the old order is changing. The Congress now has many able men who arc in tune with the times, although there arc still not enough o f I h e m . (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Arkansas Editors Comment On Dr. Cooper, Recall, HEW And The 55 MPH Limit A R K A N S A S DEMOCRAT Even the faculty members at the University of Arkansas at Little Bock have turned on Dr. G r a n t Cooper. A faculty review committee w e n t over the reasons for his dismissal the other day and reported that they thought they were valid. The t r u t h of the m a t t e r is that many teachers at UALR have wanted Cooper off t h e y campus for months, but thcv have not been willing to break ranks and say so. In fact, the A m e r i c a n Association o f University Professors, w h i c h has about the same clout throughout the nation as Kiwanis International and not nearly as much f u n , has valiantly supported Cooper. Time after time the spokesman for the UALR chapter has insisted that Cooper had every right to be a Communist and that he shouldn't be hounded out of his job because of his political affiliations. Well, this is true, and no serious person that we know of has argued contrarywise. The reason that Cooper should be fired is that he is not a good teacher; he is. among other things, a propagandist and a fellow who condones violence, which is not exactly an academic discipline. Resides, his immediate superiors at UALR -- and now a f a c u l t v review committee -- have listed other reasons why he is unsuited to be in the classroom. For our p a r t , Cooper could be a Communist, a John Bircher, a vegetarian or anything else and continue on the faculty, provided he was a good teacher. We would not even fire him lor brtakar.g up the me- morial service for Winlhrop Rockefeller, or for m a r c h i n g up Capitol Avenue demanding 40 hours pay for 30 hours work. These escapades might tell us a lot about his judgment, but. again, as Nelson Rockefeller pointed out during the melee at the memorial service, it is a free country, even though Dr. Cooper a n d his Progressive change that. What really concerns t h e AAUP and many of Cooper's colleagues is the fear t h a t there will be witch-hunts on college campuses and that they will be fired summarily. We would argue that condoning people l i k e Cooper is the surest w a y in the world to get witch hunts started, b u t the faculty obviously doesn't t h i n k that way. They are concerned that what they call "normal procedures" w i l l be followed, which in translation means t h a t unlike people who work in most other jobs, college teachers must be given a year or more notice before they can he discharged and can't, for all practical purposes, be fired at all once they have (enure. So far. the University of A r k a n s a s board of trustees has supported this ridiculous proposition, which, unless it is changed, will f i n d Dr. Cooper back in t':e classroom for another f u l l college year despite the fact that the university considers him a lousy teacher. Governor Bumners has hinted that Cooper won't be back next fall, although he has declined to elaborate. And on Thursday the Arkansas Legislative Council called in some people from the university and told them it didn't want Cooper to return. It seems to us that Cooper could be fired for cause, but this would bring down the w r a t h of the AAUP. So the easiest thing to do is to buy up his contract. The University of A r k a n s a s officials should do this immediately. T h e i r h a n - dling of this entire affair may have pleased Ihe AAUP and the h a n d f u l of liberals who like to pretend that t h i s is a matter of academic freedom, but it has made the university appear ridiculous and helpless to the majority of Arkansans. SPRIXGDAI.E NEWS That state legislator who wants to call a special session of the General Assembly to enact a law allowing recall of the North Little Rock mayor must want to throw the baby out with the bath water. In the first place, there are provisions in existing law for removing a mayor or any other official from office f o r wrongdoing. It's in the nature of a judicial proceeding r a t h e r than a direct pitch to the electorate. Tne use of the recall technique has been adopted in constitutions and statutes of a h a n d f u l of slates, most of them in the West. It has been used only sparingly. Its very cumbersome nature, which requires the gathering of signatures on a set of petitions, makes it largely ineffective. If the required number of signatures necessary to have a recall elec'hn is not f a i r l y high, the pro. lure is nothing but a har.ojment device. If the number is set loo high, malcontents can never get sufficient signatures to call an election. The legislator. State Rep. Bob Traylor. is a citizen of North Lillle Rock. If he thinks the mayor down there is guilty of misconduct, he should use the e x i s t i n g legal procedures. Calling a special legislative session to pass a recall law for one purportedly lousy mayor is as silly a thing as we've heard lately. This is one area of Arkansas law wilh which Traylor doesn't need to tamper. PINE RI.UFF COMMERCIAL Anybody who has suffered through HEW "enforcement" of school integration will be familiar with the game being played between the Feds and the advisory committee on the desegregation of the stale's colleges and universities. The Department of Health. Education and Welfare sends down some lough-sounding rules .-that is. firm criteria -- and the local folks see how much they can still get away wilh. Too much of this embarrassingly old spirit is still present in he advisory com- millee's m e e t i n g s . When someone suggested that HEW might actually insist on something, Fred T a y l o r representing the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. said not to sweat it: "They're not going to insist on anything." Dr. T a y l o r , director of institutional research and equal employment for the university, objected to having the school's administration h e l p black faculty members find housing at Fayetloville should they run n p against discrimination. According lo Dr. Taylor, Ihe administration "did not havÂ« time to get into the housing business." That might be kept in mind the next time Fayetteville wants to b u i l d another huge dormitory. Dr. Melvyn Freed of Arkansas Stale at Jonesboro warned that "we don't want to put our institutions in a position where they are the Tnoral conscience of the community." Goodness, no. What's education about, anyway? How to earn more money in a lifetime, perhaps. But moral conscience? Surely not. Post-Watergate morality. shmost-Watergate morality. One wonders if these attiludes will he accurately reflected in the committee's draft plan to desegregate state schools. No doubt they'll be dressed up in bureaucratese for HEW consumption, like paper frills on a left-over drumstick. Mrs. Maeleen Arrant of Pine Bluff continues to speak plain; she suggested I h a t the corn- millee m a k e it clear that "white students won't come to UA-PB unil it's fixed up," To judge by recent enrollment figures, not that many blacks- will, cither. Yet the committee refused to m a k e it clear lha Pine Bluff should achieve equality i n facilities b e f o r e other campuses embark on major projects. It's just like the old days, except this time the same old dodges come from guys with Ph.D.'s instead ot the m o r e usual run of school board members. The sight doesn't do m u c h for the common assumption that f o r m a ] education has something to do with a heightened appreciation of the moral imperatives. The one bright angle to this familiar routine is that the ultimate decision will n o t be made by the Nixon Adminis- t r a t i o n ' s Department of Hedging, Equivocation, and Waffling -- but by the courts of the United States. The only reason HEW threatened lo cut off 15 to 20 per cenl of the states budget for education in the first place was because some federal judge insisted on it. It's the judiciary that will make the final decision. Maybe it will back down, too. Or maybe it won't. That would be nice. It would show that some body cares, and that this isn't all a game. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT There is a difference of opinion about 55-miIe-an-hour speed limit. On the one hand, drivers, with the worst of the gosoline shortage past, are beginning to ignore it. On t h e interstate highways in Arkansas, drivers of cars are easing up to 60 and 65, and many truck drivers are going even faster. Most are getting by with it, but some are not. Speeding tickets in Arkansas increased from 17,000 to 24,000 for January through April of 1974 compared to the same period in 1973. On the other hand, officialdom wants to keep the lower limits. The most direct example is the vote by the U.S. Senate not to raise the limit even to 60. The vote was 52 to 29, illustrating the degree of the opposition. T h e main justification remains the fuel shortage. Although stations are open longer hours now, the high prices show how precious petroleum has become. And the extra supplies now are partly because the need for winter healing oil is temporarily past. If use goes back up. even before winter, there will be renewed shortages e v e n without a repeat of the A r a b embargo. The speed limits, if obeyed, would save 200000 barrels of oil a day. The arguments for keeping the lower limits wouldn't be so effective, however, if it weren't for the striking effect on highway safety. The National Safety Council says that between November 1973 and March 1974, t r a f f i c deaths decreased 25 per cent -- a saving of 4,000 lives. Comparing the first four months of this year to the same period last year, Arkansas had 146 compared to 191 traffic deaths. Mississippi and Ten nessee, which had more before, have even greater reductions numerically. They also have had increases in speeding tickets lately. Even if the fuel shortage disappears, which isn't likely for several years, it will be difficult to argue for reluming to the old breakneck (literally) speeds of 70 and 75 miles an hour. Even raising the limit to a sensible 60. some argue, just encourages people to go 70 instead of 65 when fudging on the limit. A lot of us are learning that we weren't in such a hurry after all. And. more important, we are learning that our lives depended on getting there not sooner but later.