Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on June 1, 1974 · Page 3
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June 1, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Saturday, June 1, 1974
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The Roll Call Report Northwest ArkaiMm TIMiS, Jot., June 1, . ABKANSA* 1*74 · Three State Congressmen Oppose Legal Aid For Poor WASHINGTON -- Here's how Arkansas Members of Congress were recorded on major roll call votes May 16 through May 22. HOUSE ACTION Passed. 227 for and 143 against, the conference report to establish a Legal Services Corporation to provide free legal services to the poor. The measure (H.R. 7824) awaits Senate action. It would create a presidentially-appoin- ted board to administer the program, and place srpng restrictions on the activities of legal service lawyers. Among the restrictions are: --No political activities, in- cuding voter-registration drives, while on government time. --No lobbying of federal state and local governments except when representing a client. --No participation in public school desegration cases. --No representation of women seeking non-therapeutic abor- ;ions. Supporters argued that the measure advances the concept law by granting poor persons access to quality lawyers. Opponents argued that free legal services to one class of citizens . discriminate against mididle class persons who must pay for their lawyers. Other opponents argued that the measure's restrictions were too soft on such acivities as lobbying. Reps. Bill Alexander (D-l) John Hammerschmidt (R-3) and Ray Thornton (D-4) voted "nay." Rep. Wilbur Mills (D-2) did not vote. .. OVERSEAS IN VESTMENT: Passed, 225 for and 152 against, a bill to continue the Overseas Private In COCorporation, a federa agency that guarantees insur- ance to American corporations .hat invest abroad. The bill (H.R. 13973) now goes to conference with the Senate. It would extend OPIC's life to December. 19T7. OPIC provides insurance against war, rebellion and expropriation in foreign lands. OPIC gets its money from premiums paid by corporations, although if all corporations presently insured were to lose their investments, tile federal trea sury would be liable for up to $600 milion. S u p p o r t e r s argued that helps the nation's balance-of- payments posture and spurs economic development in poor countries. Opponents argued that OPIC encourages multi-national cor- poratioins to build new plants overseas -- where labr cosls are low -- instead of building pi a nts at home where jobs are needed. Thornton voted "yea." Alexander and Hammerschmidt voted "nay." Mills did not vote. ARMS S P E N D I N G : Rejected, 185 for and 209 against, an amendment to limit fiscal 1975 military procurement authorizations to last year's ceiling, plus 7.5 per cent inflation. The amendment would have sliced $733 million from the $22.6 bililon authorization bil (H.R. 14592). The overall bill was later passed and sent to the Senate. It calls for funding weapons purchases and development ol new weapons, such as B-] bombers and Trident nuclear submarines. Supporters argued that the country needs to tighten its be critical of the Pentagon and s o m e fiscal conservatives supported the cuts. I Opponents argued that the cuts would weaken the nation's defenses. Rep. Samuel Stratum ,D-N.Y.) said the funds are needed to keep pace with Soviet development of new weapons. Alexander, Hammerschmidt, Thorton and Mills voted "nay." SENATE ACTION Tabled. 52 for and 31 against, an amendment to prohibit striking workers from receiving Tood stamps, except those workers whose jobs paid so little that they already were receiving food stamps. By tabling the amendment, he Senate in effect killed it. The amendment was offered to S. 3458, a bill to increase the federal share of the food stamps program from 50 to 62.5 per cent. The overall bill now goes to the House. In supporting the move to table. Sen. Robert Taft (R Ohio) said that regardless ofi why a person is out of work, f he qualifies for food stamps te should get them. In opposing the move, Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) said that fwsoduii jps siq, .Apauiaj 'aware of the consequences. He voted "nay." Sen. J. W. Ful- striking worker should be Agreed. 56 for and 29 against. Sen. John McClellan (D) to reconsider a previous voice vote on which the Senate had passed a bill to establish a [ e d e r a 1 amateur athletics agency. The parliamentary effect of the vote to reconsider was to force sponsors of the bill (S. 3500) to temporarily shelve the measure, rather than risk a defeat on a record vote. The bill's intnet was to patch up differences between the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) and the National Collegiate Ath etic Association (NCAA), which lave forced some athletes to 'nrego certain competitions or risk blacklisting by one of the groups. The bill also would have established a permanent federal agency to oversee and promote amateur athletics, at a maxi- million to the U.S. Tresury. Supporters of the move to reconsider, and thus shelve the bill, argues that amateur athletics are outside the control ol the federal government, and viewed the bill's price tag as too high. Opponents argued that federal agency is needed to enc the feud between the AAU and the NCAA. Sen. James Pearson (R-Kan.) said athletes have become "pawns" in that feud and need federal protection. MQCCWELLAN VOTED "yea and Fulbright did not vote. .. ANTO-BUSSING: Passed 47 for and 4» against, a "soft" anti-busing amendment stating that longdistance busing is a bad public policy but per- missable in certan extraordinary circumstances. The effect of the amendment would be to declare that busing should not be used to achieve desegregation, except as a last resort. Its chief thrust is to guideline on busing. The amendment was added to the $25 billion school bill (S. 1539). which now goes to conference with the House. Busing foes had hoped to pass an amendment that would have opened existing busing plans to court challenge, but on this vote the Senate refused lo permit such challenges. S e n a t o r s voting "nay" favored a stronger anti-busing amendment, McClellan voted "nay" and Fulbright did not vote. THE WEATHER Elsewhere By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HiLoPrcOtlk 70 57 .06 cdy 83 63 cdy cdy clr Albany Albu'que Amarillo Anchorage Asheville Atlanta Birmingham Bismarck Boise Boston Brownsville Charleston Charlotte Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Denver Des Moines Detroit Duluth Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Honolulu Houston Ind'apolis Jacks'ville Juneau Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Memphis Miami Milwaukee Mpls-St. P. New Orleans New York Okla. City Omaha Orlando Philad'phia Phoenix Pittsburgh P'tland Ore. P'tland Me. Rapid City Heno Richmond St. Louis Salt Lake San Diego San Fra Seattle Tampa Washington 74 54 65 48 83 62 .04 rn 88 69 rn 89 74 rn 62 38 cdy 75 47 clr 66 58 .12 rn 84 79 cdy 94 77 .05 cdy 82 67 rn 67 53 cdy 76 60 .68 cdy 79 52 .24 cdy 71 44 cdy 73 51 clr 80 47 cdy 64 38 cdy 78 56 M 83 63 .01 cdy 61 36 clr 85 73 clr 85 68 .35 78 57 91 67 61 48 67 52 96 67 69 60 cdy cdy M cdy clr cdy 80 67 4.44 cdy 84 78 cdy 63 47 clr 70 44 cdy 87 78 rn 67 51 .37 rn 75 55 .33 cdy 72 43 cdy 95 71 cdy 75 65 .08 cdy 97 67 clr 74 53 .07 cdy 78 52 clr 60 51 .20 clr 63 39 .01 cdy 81 40 clr 36 38 .22 69 57 .01 cdy 77 44 clr 66 61 cdy 54 52 cdy 72 54 cdy 91 76 cdy 76 67 .08 rn fcpnihrf tfirt In Fayetteville Interest In History Gains By PAT DONAT TIMES Staff Writer Historic taken on preservation has new dimensions in Fayetteville as the importance of preserving tangible signs of the city's heritage is translated into action. C i t i z e n s a r e expressing concern over the demolition of the old Post Office Building on the Square, and a movement is expected to gain impetus from the bicentennial observances of the nation. Headquarters House, at 118 E. Dickson St., will open this week and remain open daily, except Mondays from 2 to 4 p.m. during the remainder of the tourist season. The ante-bellum home of much dirt can be removed by a trowel and that the dirt so ·emoved has been carefully nspected in order not to miss any artifact. Archeologists in this area are turbed, sterile, 'ortunate because the undis- more technically the ozarks or soil Weather Forecast Judge Jonas M. Tebbetts, the first preservation effort of the Washington County Historical Society provides a showcase for furnishings of the mid-1800s. A diary kept by a daughter of the owner has made it possible to recreate the home of Tebbetts family to the smallest detail. The house was used as head quarters by both Confederacy and Union forces and a door bears the scars of a bullet which pierced it during the Battle of Fayetteville. Also included is a museum vhich contains memorabilia^ of Washington etteville. Man always leaves his im-tpointing trowel. It is a source print in the soil and to the o f amazement to amateurs how trained eyes former buildings, fences and other types of structures can be identified by this scientific digging. Amateurs have provided manpower for the exploration on the site and through the cooperation o£ the Fayetteville Housing Authority have been able to dig exploratory trenches on the adjacent property, which was part of Mrs. Ridge's real estate holdings. The use of amateurs in doing some of the actual labor of historic archeological digs has made it possible to recover much valuable information. Amateurs, unfortunately, are apt to forget they are digging for information and get more excited over the "things" they find than do professionals, but this is not a serious drawback. P r o f e s s i o n a l s , o n t h e other hand think it is "fun" to find artifacts and "things" but really get excited only when hey find information which verifies or disproves written documentation. ARTIFACTS FOUND T h e types of artifacts recovered may or may not be exciting. Most of them are broken pieces of pottery, glass There will be rain and showers Saturday from an area extending from the Gulf Coast to southern New England. There also will he showers in the Pacific Northwest. It will be colder in the Northeast and Northwest and warmer In the Southwest. (AP Wirephoto Map) The society has maintained he house since its acquisition n 1967 and plans to restore (he touse to its original floor plan as funds become available. The 'irst step in this restoration will je restoration of a center hall which divided the library from Mrs. Kennedy In Hospital For Rest WASHINGTON (AP) -- Joan Kennedy, suffering from the strain of her son's Illness, has herself been hospitalized, family spokesman says. The spokesman said Friday that Sen. Edward M. Kennedy's wife was suffering from mental strain and physical fatigue. "Mrs. Kennedy has been under continuous strain because of the serious illness of the Kennedy's older son, Edward Jr.. which required the amputation of his leg," the spokesman said. The spokesman declined to say where Mrs. Kennedy was staying or when she had entered the hospital. However, another aide confirmed that she was at Ihe Silver Hill Foundation in New Canaan, Conn., described by residents of the area as an exclusive private hospital --'·--- =- mental dis- _^ said Mrs. - Kennedy "entered the hospital at the urging of her doctor, who recommended "a complete and prolonged rest. She is well and is expected back home within a r specializing orders. The spokesman week.'' Heavy Clouds And Rain Move Slowly Southeastward . By The Associated Press Heavy rains fell across eastern Texas and the central Gulf Coast states today. More than an inch of rain fell i Memphis, Tenn., and al Charloltesville, Va. Flash flood watches were in effect for parts of Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Alabama and western Virginia and Maryland. In southwest Louisiana many roads were rmpiissable overnight. Flooding along the coas ! was aggravated by winds increasing tide levels. A tornado was reported early today north of Au.slin, Tex. Except for cloudy skies along the southern California coast 'air skies and warm air pre ,'ailed from the Pacific coast lo Rockies. It was also sunn; .n the plains, upper Mississipp Valley and Florida. Temperatures were droppin into the 40s and 5Hs in the up per plains, Mississippi Valley Ohio Valley and Great Lake regions. Early morning temperature ranged from 37 at Lewiston Mont., to 87 al Nellis Air Fore Base in Nevada. Auto-Truck Crash Fatal For Three WILMOT, Ark. (AP) -- Three Louisiana residents died Friday afternoon in a fiery crash with · a pickup t r u c k on U.S. 165 " about five miles north of the . Arkansas - Louisiana border, 1 State Police said. Officers identified the dead · a« Ida Lou Carroll, a g e un- · known; Mary. Lou Carrol], 12. and Ramona Carroll, 10, all of · West Monroe, La. Ferry Closes ST. CHARLES. Ark. (AP) The state Highway Department closed down operation of the ferry on Arkansas 1 that crosses the Whit* River here due to high water Saturday. The ferry had been placed back in service only one week ago after being out of operation ·ince last December. The ferry serves traffic between DeWitt in Arkansas County and Marvell In Phillips County. Jail Rescue Try Is Thwarted WINAMAC, Ind. (AP) -young gunmen ' may hav learned to mind his languag when ladies are present -- if h can talk at all. The blomi youth strode inf the Pulaski County Jail her Friday, showed a pistol to Be ty Bell, the sheriffs radio opei ator, and said. "I've come I get Phil." Mrs. Bell. 53. rummaged in desk for the cell keys while th young man described in purp language how he intended free two prisoners and lock he in a cell with the remainin male prisoners. "His threats and his filtl language made me angry," tl radio operator said. She said she smashed a set heavy keys into the youth mouth and sprayed him in f face with a temporary d abling chemical. The batter and weeping youth ran away. The "Phir who didn't g rescued apparently was anoth young man charged with rapi a young woman, Mrs. Bell sa Mcdoskey Faces Tough Fight Tuesday In Republican Primary PALO ALTO, Calif. (AP) -e flamboyant political career ·maverick Republican Con- Paul N. McCloskey most difficult trial cssman ces its jesdny. The anti-war. anti-Nixon Ke- iblican is battling uphill to in renominalion for a fourth II term against a quiet, soft- joken millionaire, Gordon napp. "It's going to be very close," c lean, intense McCloskey, 46, aid this past week. "It could decided by a thousand otes." ConservMive Republicans a v e been gunning for [cCloskey ever since he won s scat on the peninsula south f San Francisco against Shir- cy Temple Black in 1967. But not until this year have hey been able to unite behind single candidate who had a nance to unseat McCloskey in County and Fay- the parlor. RESTORATION PLANNED The society has also launched a restoration project for the Ridge House, on the corner of Locust Street, owned Avenue and Center This property by Mrs. Sarah Bird box style house was Bill To Seek Federal Aid For Flood-Control LITTLE BOCK (AP) -- State lep. Bill Beaumont of Little Rock said Friday he would pre p a r e a bill appropriating $10 nillion to help communities get ederal grants for flood-control projects. fn a letter to Gov. Dale Jumpers, Beaumont asked that his hill be considered at this summer's special session of the General Assembly. Federal funds are available : or flood-prevention work, but many communities lack the matching funds needed to apply for the federal money. Beaumont said. Fie said his bill would bring about $200 million to the stale, if the slate contributed five per cent, the communities contributed f i \ e per cent and the federal government provided the remaining 90 per cent. The bill would propose the Planning Department as Ihe primary agency for administration and disbursement of the money for flood control projects, Beaumont said. the primary. Once McCloskey has gotten past the primary, he has easily defeated his Democratic opponents in the fall elections. Knapp, 52. retired as chief executive of the Calso Water Co. two years ago to pursue McCloskey full time. In spite of his wealth in a generally affluent suburban area, his key campaign tactic is simple, old-fashioned, low- budget politics: walking door to door lo meet Ihe voters. McCloskey has tried to re-es- lahlish his GOP credentials this year by making joint appearances with California Rep. John Rousselot. a f o r m e r John Birch Society official, to talk about rebuilding the party. Vice President Gerald R. Ford showed up at one such session in San Jose this month and issued what was t a n - tamount to an endorsement of McCloskey. Later, when newsmen asked if he was actually taking sides in a GOP primary. Ford said that he was merely endorsing the party unily effort. Knapp first ran against McCloskey as a write-in two years ago. fie collected a surprising 25 per cent, but it also splintered the anti - McCloskey vote and McCloskey won nomination with 43 per cenet. Now, McCloskey's polls indicate t h a t 38 per cent of the district's 95,726 Republicans are for h i m , 38 per "cent are for Knapp and the rest undecided. Northrup Ridge who came to Fayetteville in 1839 after the assassination of her husband, John Ridge, a noted Cherokee leader. The present New England sail built around the foundation and logs of an earlier dog trot house built in 1835-36 by M. H. Clark and is Fayetteville's oldest standing structure. The society entered into a purchase agreement to save the house from being demolished and the site turned into a parking lot in 1972. Funds are being raised lo match a grant request for federal funds and to meet the mortgate payments. Members of the society, in cooperation with volunteers from the Department of Archeology at the University of Arkansas, have conducted archeological studies at the Ridge fiouse. The first was conducted under (he direction of Pat Martin, a graduate student now at the University of Michigan. Mrs. fragments and rust encrusted meal objects. To Uie trained eye, however, these fragments are the clues which help to date structures. For example, a maker's mark on a small piece of pottery might indicate that particular mark was used during a time span of 1840 to 1860, if this was bund under the foundation of a building it would indicate the ^articular site could not have iredated the 1840 date. It would je more difficult to establish Ihe other end of the time period for someone may have broken g r a n d m a ' s favorite teapot yesterday! No archeologist would base a conclusion on a single fragment. But if all of the artifacts found at the same level were of the same period they would provide the necessary evidence to date certain sites. M e a s u r i n g trenches an recording artifacts as thej come out of the ground is onlj a small part of the ar, cheological study. Afterwards they must be carefully washed numbered and catalogued. Then a distinctive red color, leaving post holes, building foundations and other signs that man has tampered with the ground clearly outlined. Archeological excavation is not, however a matter of taking a shovel and digging a hole First there has to be sufficient evidence to indicate there is reason to dig a site. So before the archeologist is called in the historian must compile all date on a site. Then, the archologist with this information already available can devise a plan best suitec to explore the site. AMATEURS USEFUL Amateurs who are serious in l e a r n i n g t h e techniques required can, and have been valuable assistants in th( recovery of historical know ledge. "Amateurs in fact, are in danger of losing thei: amateur standing when the; start digging in square holes Excavation is a scientific painstaking removal of dirt i graded levels in a single trenc to reveal what has happene before in that particular area The value of amateurs in th type of recovery has bee proven. Dr. C. R. McGimsey director of the University of A kansas museum, has been ioneer in developing trainee mateurs and field schools ar onducted at sites in Arkansas. W h i l e professionals like erious amateurs, they hearily isapprove of another kind of "gger, known as a "pot hun- T." The pot hunter, who is ntercsted only in digging for rticles used in the past, can estroy archeological findings nd make them completely rretrievable. SITES RUINED The pot hunter may find a aottle or an artifact, but the [eslruction he causes in emoving valuable scientific nowledge cannot be measured md is forever lost. Metal detectors can be and are used in archeological digs, iut discretion and knowledge must precede the use of the machine. A r c h e o l o g i c a l digs a r e ·aluable when used in con- unction with written historical d o c u m e n t s . Just digging. without historical background ains little but a backache. The combination of the historian mi the ar+»''oi!ist brings to ight facts which can be gleaned n no oiher way. The U. S. Congress ha« recently recognized the importance of this phase of ·ecovering the nation's past by enacting a law which makes it 3gEA]ES tUJOJJBd O) 9|qiSSOCl archeological h i s t o r i c a l o r scientific artifacts on federal construction projects. The bill was passed by the Senate May 22. and Congress authorized $6 million over five years to salvage artifacts on privately owned property and $13 million to finance recovery from building projects p a i d - f o r in whole, or in part, by the federal government. Peggy Hoffman, the "University a member of of Arkansas as many artifacts as possible are restored by glueing pieces together and the remainde inspected for telltale signs o age. In glass this might be patterns or pontil marks; in bottles the necks and applied handles; in pottery the type of glaze and body; in m e t a l whether it is machine made or handwrought. ACCURATE JUDGMENTS After this is done in the laboratory the archeologist begins lo make some accurate judgmenls of what the site was used f o r ; if it contained outbuildings and if so. what kind and when the building was used, "Digging" carries thoughts of shovels and backaches and archeological research has plenty of both. Actually much of the digging is done with museum staff, is now providing leadership as a volunteer worker. Firemen Answer Firemen report of a responded to a burning house on South School Street Friday evening and found only an old pick-up truck some men were trying to start. An effort to start the vehicle produced much smoke. No fire resulted, a n d I the I ruck drove away. N O T I C E to the Workers Helping To Save The Old Post Office Due to the success of the efforts made at the polls, we are concluding our petition drive early. Please bring your signed petitions to the old post office building at 7:00 p.m. Tuesday, June 4, where they will be counted and presented to the city directors at their regular meeting at 7=30 p.m. DANCE SAT. NIGHT, JUNE 1st 9 P.M. to MIDNIGHT TONTITOWN KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS HALL Music by Open Road PUBLIC INVITED Couple* Only $4Per Couple TO THE VOTERS OF WASHINGTON COUNTY My family and I wish to express our deep gratitude for th* support and confidence given to me by the voters of this county which enabled me to draw mor* votes than any othor candidate for Sheriff on May 28. Wo hop* that all citizens of Washington County, r*gardl*u of which candidate you supported in th* May 21 primary, will join us in th* runoff election on June 11 in our effort to make th* office of Washington County Sheriff a law enforcement agency in which ALL citixent of Washington County Cain T9 I BILL MURRAY Political adrerUfeiMBt paid for by BID Murray

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