Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 31, 1974 · Page 4
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May 31, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, May 31, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Pag* The Public Merest I* The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 * HUDAY, MAY 31, 1974 Oil Wastes Poisoning The Seven Seas Aftermath Of A Campaign The big surprise of Tuesday's Democratic preferential primary election, probably, was not that Gov. Dale Bumpers defeated Fayetteville's Bill Fulbright for the U.S. Senate, but the relative ease, across the state, with which he accomplished the win. Bumpers never really gave the impression of campaigning hard. And the voters flocked to him. Analysts will be probing the results of the Senate race for weeks, even months to come: It is a momentous occurrence, even a watershed, perhaps, because of leadership problems in the country and ebbing public confidence in government. Gov. Bumpers may be the prototypal "leader" for the future. If so, we retain reservations as to the security of the future. But in the governor's behalf, let it be said that he may have considerably greater depth and capacities for public service than his brief three and one- half years in state office might indicate. He now has six years (the senate term) to grow into his new job, and barring serious misadventure (which DOES appear to be one of his talents), he can look forward to several safe reelection campaigns after that. Two things linger in the wake of the campaign, that might well be kept in mind in assaying the election's significance. First, 1$ the sad progression of defeats for senators with a record of having vigorously opposed huge military spending. The military budget issue didn't make many campaign headlines, but it is unquestionably of Art Buchwald major importance that Gov. Bumpers emerged from the campaign, on the record, as "friendly" to big military budgets. Sen. Fulbright, to the contrary, has long opposed military overkill. As an outspoken advocate of a reordering of national priorities to REDUCE military spending, in favor of domestic remedy, Sen. Fulbright's name is how added as a casualty to other major senatorial disciples of peace and humanism -- Ernest Gruening, Alaska, Albert Gore, Tennessee, and Wayne Morse, Oregon. (Not too bad a list to be on, all the same.) The second thought that lingers is the potential for success by Mr. Bumpers in his future dealings with the more rigid, systematized and unforgiving mechanics of party affairs on Capitol Hill. The Congress operates on strict party lines, through party caucus, and from there to committee assignments. The real work of getting legislation accommodated and adopted is by way of party influence, through committee chairmen and party floor leaders. Thus, Mr. Bumpers must make his mark first with the Party, and he must do so fresh from having defeated an incumbent senior member of the Senate who owns a better record of Party fealty. He also must look for favor in the bastions of "seniority" as an avowed dissident. It will be instructive to see how "Senator" Bumpers fares his first year or two in Washington. It should tell something of his eventual effectiveness on behalf of the many Arkansans who have just now nominated him. The White House Issues A Denial By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- I was walking past the White House the other night when I heard this voice. "Damn media." "Who's speaking?" I asked in fright. "I'm speaking," said th« voice. "I'm the White House." "Don't kid me," I said. "Buildings can't talk." "Oh yeah," the v o i c e said. "Then why do you people keep writing 'The White House said today it wasn't going to hand over any more tapes' or 'The White House denied accepting From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Battlefield Park in Prairie Grove is the home of a new museum -- or will be, as soon as the structure is completed in September. The building will be known as Hindman Hall in memory of Gen. Thomas C. Hindman, a Confederate general who fought at the site. Ttie University of Arkansas has completed plans for an 50 YEARS AGO A complete set of United States Supreme Court decisions from 1789 to date, comprising 260 volumes has just been purchased by the University of Arkansas for the legal library to be established in conjunction with the law department. Dr. H. T. Harr and Dr. W. J. Frost are moving today to the Hight Building, southwest comer of square where they 100 YEARS AGO The Sunday School pic-nic on Saturday last, under the auspices of the M.E. Church south, was a grand success. The procession was formed at the church and headed by the Fayetteville Band, marched around the public square and to a grove one mile west of town. A f t e r some very appropriate remarks by Cap!. George A. Grace, orator of the day, dinner was ultra-modern student health center and a swiming pool, expected to be ready for use in the fall of 1965. A 12-year-old junior high school student was identified as the anonymous caller who yesterday telephoned a phony bomb threat to the Fayetteville Fire Department. He was picked up by police. will be ready for business Monday. A special musical concert attraction including practically every artist in Fayetteyille will be given at the University Auditorium Tuesday night June 3. The concert will be for the purpose of raising money toward the deficit of the St. Louis Symphony orchestra, a sum of $554, shouldered by H. D. Tovey and W. S. Gregson. spread and we cannot tell the day when we partook of a more sumptuous repast. Special notice: I hereby give notice that 1 have full and legal title to the place across the road north of the Ozark Institute known as the "Hunt Tobacco Factory" and that parties purchasing any pretended tax or other title will do so at their own risk. C. H. Leverett. They'll Do It Every Time THE EMPIMG Of THE FAMILY REUNION -- frtoopuwi?) ousrsetxea? ONHEKALL XXKUFE' any Howard Hughes money to finance the election'?" "That's just a figure of speech," 1 said. "Everyone knows we're not talking about the WHIT EHOUSE -- we're talking about the people in it." "It's easy for you to say that. But if you were sitting where I'm sitting you wouldn't think it was funny. I haven't d o n e anything. I'm clean as a hound's tooth and everyone lays everything on me. Houses have feelings, too." .-'.' V "This is ridiculous," I told the White House. "No one is blaming you for anything that went on there. As far as most people are concerned, you're a pillar of the community." "MAYBE," the voice replied, "but the other night I heard Dan Rather say on television that the White House planned to stonewall the House J u d i c i a r y Committee. I've never stonewalled anyone in my life. Then John Chancellor s a i d the White House decided to hang tough against special prosecutor Jaworski. How can a house hang tough?" "I see what you mean.'' "I've had a lot of people live in me; some have been good and some have been bad. but it says right in the lease I am not responsible for anything they do. All I'm supposed to do is provide shelter f r o m tlvi elements and keep up a good facade. Now everyone is throwing stones at me." "H does seem unfair that the media has played loose with you," I said, "but I'm certain ii was just an oversight." THE VOICE was trembling. "I can understanr it when they talk about the Pentagon. That's a BAD building. When they say the Pentagon asked for $100 billion, naturally people are going (o get sore. Or when the Pentagon admits to an overrun on a nuclear aircraft carrier. But I've never done anything like that. All I've ever done is hold receptions, entertain tourists and pose for pictures. Why doesn't the media ever write about that?" "I guess it's your location," I said. "You're an easy target for every reporter in this town." "Well, I'm staying here," the voice said, "even if what's-his- name gets impeached. Good gravy, just the other day I saw a headline in a newspaper which said 'White House Announces New Rise in Cost-of Living.' I did no such thing. Why would I be stupid enough to announce something like that?" "Look. I'm busy," I said "What do you want from me?" "I thought you could use a column," he said chortling "Take any one on the f r o n t porch you want." "Very funny," I said, "but I've been sucked in by the White House one too many times." "There," cried the voice, 'even you're doing it." "I'm sorry," I said, "but don't forget one thing. When you became the Whit* House, we never promised you a Rose Garden." (C) 1974, Us Aageks Times By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- A highly confidential scientific study describes how oil wastes have poisoned sea life, jeopardized commercial fishing, tarred beaches and made an open sewer of the Seven Seas. The 405 - page document, prepared by the prestigious National Academy of Sciences, disputes the oil industry's massive advertising claims that petroleum production won't cause environmental damage. On each of the IftO numbered copies, the academy has stamped: "This n a working draft for internal use only, and it bears no official endorse- m e n t . .. . N o t For Publication....DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE." But already, the academy has deleted a crucial section on the cancer threat from oil dumping. Scientists from Shell and Chevron oil companies will help prepare the final report. Therefore, we have decided to publish the findings. before they are watered down. · The study shows that more than five million tons of oil wastes are dumped in the ocean each year by tankers, offshore industries, municipal oil users a n d oil-spilling motorboat engines. The pro-oil scientists lobbied in the secret sessions, we have learned, to" emphasize the natural seepage or urban auto wastes, which are washed into rivers and carried out to sea. The strategy was to minimize Big Oil's sea fouling. Although this section was weakened even before it got in draft form, it still shows 8,000 The Washington Merry-Go-Round oil spills a year in U.S. waters alone, almost all of it in coastal waters. These accidental spills, bilge ges are killing off birdlifc, flushings and other oil dischar- threatening entire species with extinction. Certain penguins, ducks and other seabirds are disappearing, the report warns. "These birds," it expains, "spend most of their lives on the surface of the sea....They dive in response to disturbances, and if they dive on encountering Floating oil. they become completely coated." Because these gregarious birds flock together, "a small oil slick (can) cause very large casualties." declares the report. "One colony of guillemots (was) reduced by 250,000 in two years, and razorbills which were once numerous are now extinct as breeders." A poignant passage ' in the report describes how mother birds coated with oil tried pathetically to hatch eggs but unwittingly covered the eggs with oil. This weakens or kills the baby birds as they are being hatched. Birds that lay only a few eggs cannot make up for the losses caused by oil. On British coasts, according to the study, "90 per cent of stranded guillemots have been oiled." Their corpses are washed upon the beaches along a few miles of British coastline. The oil companies have responded to the protests of environmentalists by touting "the Louisiana story'." Offshore oQ derricks, the companies allege, have actually increased sea life in the Gulf of Mexico. The fishing catches, it's true, haven't diminished. But the report suggests this is because the fishermen often have shifted locations. Meanwhile, the ' 25,000 wells and other oil operations have dumped 1.1 million barrels of oil in the gulf, tainting the oysters with oily odors and tastes. Oil company canaling and dredging have also let salt water pour into the coastal marshes which eventually destroy oyster and shrimp breeding. "The time period that the Louisiana fisheries can withstand these alterations is not known," states the report. Only the amazing ability of oysters and'shrimp to reproduce under adverse conditions have kept fishing alive in Louisiana, the report suggests. On the other side of the globe in the Caspian Sea, a combination of petroleum pollution and a drop in the water level have reduced the annual fishing catch from more than 600 million pounds to about 240 million. The study details how oil slicks and spills poison sea life. The hydrocarbons "invade nerve tissue -- spinal cord especially." Mullet exposed to oil suddenly suffer strange fat deposits in their liver. Other fish simply smother or die of shock. No more than "two-cycle outboard motor affluent," the Spain Looks Uneasily Ahead LONDON (ERR) -- The recent overthrow of a -40-year dictatorship in Portugal has once again focused attention in next-door Spain on how long the repressive regime maintained by Gen. Francisco Franco will survive his passing. Spain today is a society obsessed with what may happen when Franco, 81, dies. In a sense, history has already bypassed him. It is now 33 years since the end of the Civil War, and to the younger generation Franco has become almost irrelevant to their political and economic hopes. The Spanish have been looking enviously at the new political freedom their Iberian cousins have gained since the overthrow of Portuguese Prime Minister Marcello Caetano on April 25. The liberalization of Portugal since the military coup has been reported in great detail by the Spanish press. By comparison, moves toward reform in Spain appear painfully slow. CARLOS A R I A S NV- VARRO, the new Spanish prime minister, has pledged to loosen the reins of power and promote political participation. But on the other hand, political arrests continue. And he has approved the use of the garrctc, a 14th century torture device, to execute an anarchist. Salvador Puig AnticL. These simultaneous and contradictory attitudes seemed to epitomize Spain's current predicament. Arias obviously shared the belief with right-wing army leaders that repression was st'l] necessary to avoid a. calamitous explosion of popular violence. The prime minister cannot forget that his predecessor, Adm. Luis Carrero B'anco, met death at Su hands of an assassin. A carefully planted explosive charge catapulted the aging admiral and his Hmousine over a three-story building last Dec. 20 and thereby destroyed Franco's assiduously, constructed plans to ensure a smooth political transition. Carrero Blanso was destined to become head of government -though not head of state. Franco had assigned that role to P r i n c e Don Juan Carlos, grandson of the last re;gning monarch of Spain, who will become king upon the Caudillo's death. Tensions in Spain arise not only from minority groups, such as the Basques who claim credit for Carrero Blaneo.s slaying, but also from deteriorating relations between Franco and the Catholic Church. The progressive wing of the churth represents the most powerful and influential opposition in a nation where Catholicism is the official religion. While the church supported Franco during .the Spanish Covil War and for decades afterward, it has since recanted. The current struggle began in September 1971 when liberal bishops, presumably with Pone Paul's secret backing, gained ascendency over the conservatives. A convocation of 285 priest and bishops in Madrid announced their support for social reforms and human rights. Then, in a joint assembly, the bishops voted a resolution repudiating the role of t n e church in the Civil War. This d e c l a r a t i o n destroyed the regime's ideological claim that the war had been fought for Catholicism. Franco could no longer maintain that he was ruling Spain "in the name of God and the Cross " found. caused fbh to "becin gasping after 14 hours." Lobster, to peltate! water* produced tainted ttV *Wch taste like paraffin. Tbt oily waters could also spoil the lobster meat, causing "tainting of the white meat, of the tall and finally the claw meat Became tainted but only in UM most severe case* of pollution." says the report. Another oil company myth demolished by the report is the cheery talk of cleaning op oil spills. The study shows that mechanical means, although usually safe enough, are often ineffective. But the ballyhoo*! "dispersants," which seem to make oil disappear, can cause even worse damage than the oil The dispersants may make it easy for marine animals to ingest the oil into their systems. Dispersants may also pollute fresh water or evn bnck'-h water longer, with greater danger, than oil. When ,ne Torrey Canyon gushed oil into the sea, it was the dispersants that did much, of the damage. FOOTNOTE: We will report on the deleted findings about the cancer threats in another column. Yugoslavs Ponder Succession LONDON (ERR) -- The viability of President Tito's plans for succession will be tested at the crucial 10th congress, of the Yugoslav Communist Party in Belgrade, May 2730. Although Tito repotted! yis in good health, this is the last congress he will attend hold'ng the combined positions of president, commander in chief, and Communist Party leader. Tito has been head of the Yugoslav Communist Party for the past 47 years -- a tenure unmatched by any other Communist leader. It has become fashionable to call Tito "the first Communist king." Certainly his predilection for flashy uniforms and pomp and ceremony have contributed to this image. Still, he has been preparing for an orderly transfer of power for more than a decade. The paradox is that the more he has tried to prepare for the future, the more has cast himself in a central role. On May 15 the newly constituted Yugoslav Parliament elected Tito as president for life. On taking the oath, Tito said his task was "to preserve the unity and brotherhood of Yugoslavia and cohesion from top to bottom. We must vigilantly preserve the achievements of our revolution and postwar development." f R A N C O ' S RECENT trouble with the church is symptomatic of his lifelong strategy of letting no group, including his own followers, share in the control of the state. His policy has been to govern Spain through personal fiat. The London Economist has commented that "the definition of a political leader in Spain -is 'someone appointed by Franco.' " Althought Franco has placed much emphasis in the past decade on priming Spain for an orderly succession, the-re is widespread concern that the country has no truly viable political institution. Hugh Thomas,the historian and chronicler of the Spanish Civil War, has said that tha monarchy is the only symbol that will keep Spain fiom flying apart. Many Spaniards had hoped thir. Franco might look upc-n his last years as the oppo.'tuned time to relax the reins and allow some scope for political freedom. The reasoning was that it was easier to permit seii-expression row than it would be under a young and inexperienced Kink Juan Carlos, who would bt vulnerable tn l-ie«F'jres for the far right. Wnen Franco named Juan Carlos a? "my luccecsor' 1 on Jiily 22, 1969, the Caudillo :-n- visior.tri a Francoist monarchy that would satisfy the supporters of the regime who wished to prolong Francoism af-^r hii d;ath. Franco's objective was a monarchy that would not need to crush its. opponents upon assuming the throne because the whok structure would have rendered the opposition powerless. "Francoism after Franso" is the way it is usually expressed in Srain. However,the Spain which Jinn Carlos will Inhent will likfly be fac-d with shocks for which it has not been prepared and which he may not have the experience or authority to control. MILOVAN DJILAS ..has written that the trouble with the Yugoslav experiment in decentralization, which began in the early 1950s, was that it worked too well and that the party lost control at the factory and local levels. The principle of self- management was simply incompatible with a hierarchical party structure. The party faltered throughout the Sixties and its role was reduced primarily to providing ideological guidance. At the 9th party congress in 1969. Tito decided that his succession should be a collective leadership. In 1971, however, he began to realize that the secessionist desires of dissenting Communists in Croatia and other republics might place the unity of the country in danger. He also decided that a collegiate presidency might not be able to cope with such a threat. Tito now wants to reintroduce "democraic centralism" into the party ranks. He is seeking to re-establish the primacy of the Communist Party a n d to turn the country away from the liberal line adopted in the mid- Sixties. While the congress may endorse any measure Tito recommends, experts believe that he will I ' ,',e to implement them because a majority of the younger generation now prefers a freer socity. AN OFFICIAL report published in Belgrade May 21 disclosed that membership in the League of Yugoslav Communists had dropped by more than 10 per cent in the past two years. Close to 92,000 party members were "selected out" of Uie league while 51,000 were expelled. Tito announced t h a t "It was possible to eliminate in a humane and democratic way those who opposed the party's policies in a relatively short time and wittxnt a n y major disurbances." How these purges wiH help resolve the crisis of succession is unclear, for they have merely driven the opposition underground. The new constitution, which has been tailored to.iuii the post-Tito era, is also teen as potentially augmenting tensions. Constitutionally, the Cwr pillars on which state authority officially rest are the two- chamber assembly, the state presidency (a nine-nun collective), the president of the republic (Tito), and the government itself. _ Nevertheless, the Conmomjt Party and the army win be the two most decisive elements' in the succession. Edward Kar- dHJ. who has served at vice Uy seems to bt . The aH guard the front-r to (tin firmly fa UM saddte, hat whether H wtn rnmfai than is ·Bother

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