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UitorialOpinion The Public Interest It ThÂ« First Concern O/ TMi Nnxpaper 4 Â· THURSDAY, MAY M, TÂ«74 Klassen Finds Jobs For His Friends The Future Draws Nearer It all started back in 1962 when Tel- star 1, the world's first experimental communications satellite, was launched from Cape Canaveral. As newsman Harry Reasoner quipped about the first live, tranAUantic television broadcast: "We gave them Vice President Johnson and they gave us back the Ed Sullivan show." Telstar I and II were followed by Early Bird, Lanl Bird and a host of other satellites in the Intelsat series. By early 1969, all of the airborne satellites around the world were radiating signals over one-third of the earth's surface. In the early Telstra days, only a few believed that satellite communications would Â· ever compare with surface systems. The numerous satellites and expensive tracking equipment required were far too costly. By mid-1963, however, Hughes Aircraft Co. had perfected a high-altitude satellite. This meant that fewer satellites were needed within on system and global communications became more feasible. Since then competition has increased, especially as there is room for only eight or nine satellites in the most advantageous orbit near the equator. U.S. government policy toward competitive domestic satellite systems has been inconsistent. In 1967 the Federal Communications Commission deferred the issue to a special White House Communications Task Force. When the Nixon administration took John I. Smith office the task force study was shelved, and the Office of Telecommunications Policy began work on a new one. In 1971 the DTP recommended an "open skies" policy which would permit all qualified applicants to operate domestic satellite service. But the FCC's Common Carrier Bureau opposed the DTP'S recommendation the following year and offered instead a policy of "limited open entry." Three months later, the FCC reversed itself and voted to adopt the "open skies" policy after all. In January 1973, Western Union Corp. won approval from the FCC to build and operate its own domestic communications satellite system. Westar I was launched by the company on April 13, 1974, and will be joined by Westar H. after its lift-off on Monday, June 10. Western Union plans to put up its third and final Westar in August and put its $90 million system into commercial operation by the end of the summer. The FCC has also approved applications from five more companies for the right to construct domestic systems. Of these five, only three are currently going ahead with construction plans -- General Telephone and Electronics, RCA, and American Telephone and Telegraph Co. If plans move ahead as scheduled, it may be that the idea of cheap, efficient space communication will be a reality within the next few years. Area Farming By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Postmaster General Ted Ktassen, like a kindly old uncle, has been padding the postal payroll with his cronies and former business associates. It's Uncle Sam and the mail nsers.meanwhile, who pick up the huge payroll tab. Our continuing Investigation into KUssen's shenanigans has now uncovered a payroll boon- doggla of major proportions. We found that Klassen's best friend Â·nd many of his former business associates have been allowed to feed at the public trough -- compliments of the postmaster general. "Lew Walters hocked his watch to lend me money once," Klassen often brags about his oldest friend. Now, Walters reaps the rewards of his loyalty, collecting a fat consultant fee. What he does iÂ» a mystery to parctically everyone at the Postal Service, but he rakes in about $24,000 a year for doing it. The highest paid consultant, however, was Sydney Baron, * former public relations man at American Can. the firm Klassen headed before coming to the Postal Service. Until his contract was cancelled May 9, Baron collected an incredible $500 a day for his work. A.id for Baron, the Postal Service defined a day when "a reasonable amount of time is spent on Postal Service matters." Enron, however, is not the only alumnus of American Can who has drawn a fat paycheck. Some of the American Can crowd have formed sort of a preretirement village, hanging The Washington Merry-Go-Round By JOHN I. SMITH Due to the high farm income of 1873, farmland values in the United States jumped 21 per cent last year. This is the second greatest advance in the values in our history. The greatest rise was for the year ending March 1, 1920 a rise cf 22 per cent. The rise in Arkansas was less than aver age,in the 16 to 20 per cent range. This large rise in land values was good for the ones with land for sale and bad tor the young farmers who wish to buy a farm Â«nd home. Since the sym- pathies of (Ms person have always been for the young man or young couple who wish to buy a farm and home, this column must look with some slight disfavor upon this rise in the value of farm real estate. Frankly, however, we must take these trends as they come. Our likes and dislikes make little difference. For all any one of us might know, values may continue to rise for a long time to come. It might pay us to look hack to 1920 and to the two decades that followed and to recall the From Our Files; 'How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO The last item on the bill of costs of Baxter's usurpation is the small sum of $300.000 expenses incurred during t h e muss at the capital. The Strawberry and Ice Cream Festival given on Thursday evening by the ladies of the Presbyterian Church netted upwards of $150. The cakes were handsome, the strawberries and ice cream was splend- so VEARS AGO Marvin Peddy, ten-year old Â·on of 1. H. Peddy of near Fayetteville, was slightly injured Thursday evening when a buggy in which he was riding Â· lone was struck and knocked against a telegraph pole by a Ford roadster truck driven by Herman Tuck. The University High School held its fourth annual commencement exercises t h i s 100 YEARS AGO The April report of the Fayetteville office of the Employment Security Division shows a net gain in employment of 1.300 over the year in the Fayetteville Labor area. Total employment at the end of April was 23,535 persons -- a gain of 400 since March. Unemployment In the Fayetteville area it 2.6 per cent; 9.4 per cent id, the girls were beautiful, and the boys were reckless with "stamps." Mrs. Fannie Queries and her daughter, Mrs. Emma Darnall, arrived home this week. The many friends of Mrs. Darnall will be glad to learn that she has almost entirely recovered from the wound she received some months ago by the accidental discharge of a pistol. morning at ten o'clock in the University Chapel. Dr. Harrison Hale was principal speaker and addressed the class of thirty- eight graduates. The Hight building, formerly occupied by the Washington County Hardware Company, is being remodeled for new occupants. The lower floor is being partitioned into two store rooms, the occupants of which haw not yet been announced. is the national figure. Officials meeting this morning at the Public Health Center here deemed quarantine of the county for rabies unnecessary. Lou Trager. who is ending 14 years of placement director with the University, was honored last night at the University Student Union at an appreciation dinner. They'll Do It Every Time situations that developed. In the first place, land asking-prices after 1920 did not immediately fall, but the number of takers fell off substantially. Eventually, after a few years of inactivity, those who wanted to sell, or had to sell, began taking what was offered for farms and farmland, and. thus, a new value was established. This process of breaking down the high First World War values continued until 1933. and in some sections until 1939. WÂ» then had a buyers' market; Those who purchased good land then and held it until now are in fine shape financially. It would be fine if we could value land upon a basis of about 15 times its annual rental earning value and keep it on about that level, but in a free society, that happy situation will never come about. Too many people will buy land just because they want it or because they feel that it will rise in value permanenty. Then too, nobody can absolutely prove that this latter group Is not right. When land did drop in value or was forced down in value following 1920, and following other rises, there has also been a new rise greater than the previous one.giving an overall average permanent rise. Yet, the one buying today must look put for that temporary drop in value. He might lose the property in that period. In fact, in this previous decline in values. 40 per cent of the farmers of America lost their farms either through foreclosure or through voluntary transfers to prevent being subject to foreclosure. The lending companies, all of them -- long term, short term, federal and others -- got in this difficulty and had to take this wringing out method to end to end their difficulties. The only justification that anyone can assume for pointing out these past conditions is to help people to avoid them in the future. The first precaution for one to take is to buy only what he knows he can pay for -- come what may. For all practical purposes the above remarks means to buy fairly Â·mall additions at a time. Take one step at a time, pay for that step, then prepare fo.- another forward step. Do not try to take all three steps at one time. A farmer should buy good land that will give income in the immediate future, not three to five years hence, after much money is spent to enable the land to bring a dividend. In other words, work up slowly. THE CATTLE market last week dropped just a little. One observer stated that two cents per pound would cover the drop. For the producer of calves with the mother cows on grass, it is still a fair market. BROILER PRODUCERS have reported to us that they are getting from seven to nine cents per bird. The ones in the Industry are property honoring their contracts. THE STRAWBERRT crop has been very poor this spring. Dewberries were mostly killed, but blackberries are at least fairly good. Bible Verse "Charity raffereth long, and la kind; charity e n v i e t h not; charity vaunteth not itself. Is not puffed up." ICorintbiana 13:4 If we can be patient without pouting and kind without being critical, we are in a measur* Â·bowing the Spirit of Chriat. "Love one another." on the postal payroll until thjy accrue enough time to retire with a pension. Ellsworth Pell for example, retired from American Can and Is now holding down a non-Job at the rate of $15,000 a ytar. Postal sources claim that Peil never nade more than $20,009 a year at American Can. Hirold LarÂ«en, a n d t h e r American Can graduate, was slipped into a do-nothing job by Klassen, too. He was started out as New York Regional Postmaster General, but had to be r e m o v e d for Inefficiency. Klassen is now taking care of him at $45,000 a year, with an easier job at headquarters. Ben Bailar and Darrell Brown are two former American Can men now In the $50,000 neighborhood at the Postal Service. Brown's postal section is used by Klassen as a dumping ground for old cronies he is reluctant to fire. For example, Len Farrell was demoted from assistant postmaster general for labor relations, but continues to draw a higher salary than his successor, Farrell is hanging on for a pension. Brown's division also took care of Paul Carlin, who was deposed as a senior assistant postmaster general. Carlin stayed on as an aide to Brown, but still collected about $46,000. The man who took over his duties makes about $43,000. M e a n w h i l e , middle-level postal hands complain that they can't bet ttw manpower they need because of budget con- siderations. Blacks and women in the mail system protest that none of their number has made it to the top levels of management. Only five blacks for example, have hit the $30.000 plateau at the Postal Service. One ot the iighest paid women is Peggy Ford, who is Klassen's personal secretary. Sources contend that her $2Â«,000 job is secure, because she knows "where all the bodies are buried." Her husband, a retired military man. is now on the payroll at more than $30,000. At the same time, post' masters across 'the nation are being told to tighten their belts. The Postal Service is in financial trouble and cannot yet ask for another rate increase. K l a s s e n i s hoping that economies in the field and a friendly Congress will bail hiti out. FOOTNOTE: A postal spokesman told my associate Jack Cloherty that Pell. Carlin and Farrell all did necessary jobs at the Postal Service. The spokesman denied that Brown's area was a "dumping ground" and g e n e r a l l y defended Klassen's employment practices. W A S H I N G T O N WHIRL: Although s o m e Republican congressmen are running away from the President, the Party itself still hasn't stopped politicking for Richard Nixon. The GOP spent more than $14.000 to send sanitized summaries of the Watergate transcripts to key Nixon supporters State Of Affairs The Politics Of Busing By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- If there js one issue nearly all Democratic politicians -- including many liberals and blacks -- long to get rid of, it is school busing for racial balance, and nobody knows this belter than Mr. Nixon, who is a master at keeping it alive. The President is sending up signals that he will veto the $24 billion Senate educational bill because it is not as adamant against busing as the House bill, which he favors. A veto would send the legislation back to Capitol Hill for another round of inflammatory debate and further agitation of this divisive Issue. Except for "forced" busing, the Democrats are pretty well rid of the emotional issues that Mr. Nixon exploited so effectively in 1JT2, especially the AMA issues -- amnesty, marijuana, abortion. Time is eroding the first two. and the Supreme Court has to a large degree taken the heat off the politicians by outlawing the antiabortion state laws. The Democratic and Republican liberals can hardly be blamed for hoping thÂ«t the Supreme Court in the next week or two will also defuse the busing issue when it rules on the now famous Detroit school case, which involves a lower court order compelling the busing of suburban white children to Wack schools in the core of the city as part of a metropolitan desegregation plan. .. A GROWING number of ctvil right! supporters would not be too disappointed if the high court found a compromise formula that would ameliorate the passion* that have been Â·roused by the issue. Part of their concern is that a con- tinuing all-out fight over the uncertain benefits of extreme busing may provoke a backlash that would seriously endanger racial progress on other major fronts, such as employment, housing and politics. The black community itself seems to have little enthusiasm for the kind of solution typified by the Detroit case. The Gallup Poll finds that a majority of Americans still favor public school integration, but few -black or white -- believe that busing pupils from one school district to another is the best way to do it. Only 9 per cent of blacks and 4 per cent of whites favor such busing. When the National Black Political Convention was held in Gary, Ind., it passed a resolution condemning busing that is based on the "false notion that Mack children are unable to )eÂ»rn unless they are in the same setting as whke children." Instead, it said, "blacks should be liven control of schools in Negro areas, and more money should be Â«pent to achieve quality education." Suiting action to the words, the Atlanta branch of the National Assn. for the Advance- m e n t of Colored People (NAACP) supported a minimal classroom integration plan in return for a pledge giving blacks substantial control over school administration in Georgia's largest city. The national office of NAACP disapproved of the action, bat later its general council reported there was a movement under way in other cities to adopt the Atlanta formula. Rep. Shirley Chisbolm (D- N.Y.). a imaiinait member of the Congressional Black Caucus, says parent* of children in community-control led schools tell her that their offspring are learning to read better, are developing a better attitude toward school and have teachers -- mostly black and Puerto Rican -- who are "concerned and committed to educating their children." .. SHE SAYS SHE finds it difficult "to argue with parents who for the tint time have some faith in the educational process." Also, she added, some of her fellow members in the Black Caucus are having second thoughts about fighting further for forced busing. In the recent Senate vote on busing, significantly, s e v e r a l outstanding liberals in both parties wavered for the first time. Another loading member of the Black Caucus, Rep. Louis Stokes (D-Ohio) said only a few days ago that "busing is not a real issue." At most, he declared, "it is one of the tools of desegregation. Politicians have brought the Issue to the front because It is an emotional issue." One of the nation's most liberal mayors. Boston's Kevin White, has been a civil rights leader for yean, bat he Is now saying, "I am for integration, and I am agiinst forced busing. And they are not mutually exclusive." The Democrat* feel that if the busing ianw can be put on a back burner, their electoral chances this fall and in the 1976 presidential race will be greatly enhanced. T h e i r aim, of course. Is to concentrate attention on Watergate and the need for restoring morality In government. (O 1174, li throughout the his hectic whedule Vice President Gerald Ford still linds time to thank his stall personally tor ther work An aide recently received a handwritten birthday note-'' 0 TM Ford...The Federa Energy Administration ha* pleader! that the United States desperately nerts more "p^JÂ» *"Â£ come the gasoline shortage. Yet the ExPO^n^* B*** heavily supported with US. cash, has granted a $22^3 million loan at six per cent mterest to build a Â«Â£"Â»?'" the West Indies To build he same refinery i" " e Unll ft States, an American firm would have to pay 11 PÂ«r cent Interest. P?us W/her labor and building " There may be some complaints about the mail, but not from the White House. Postmaster General Ted Klassen told us that he hasn't spoken, with President Nixon for well over a year...The FBI has been doing some public relations work on ex-foreign a g e n t Dusko Popov who claims in a book that he warned the late J Edgar Hoover about Pearl Harbor FBI agents dropped by the publisher. Grosset and ddunlop, and tried to convince vice president Bob Markel that Popov was lying. Markel listened politely, then published the book...Many weeks ago, a Watergate investigator called a Washington dentist and asked for temporary treatment for a bad tooth problem which he said he would take care of when he went back home. The investigator recently called back and asked for a permanent fix. It looked like hÂ» would be here awhile, he said. Man Needs Wisdom In ,. Water Use WASHINGTON (ERR) , ;-Cool, clean, clear water is thÂ» most vital and precious substance on earth. Yet most human beings only appreciate the value of water when they are. personally deprived of it. Or wtien they see others dying ' r Tr?e la ctrÂ«nt rt African drought and accompanying Jamme haye shown the rest of the world how devastating a water shortage can be A still-unexplained southward shift of the monsoon belt, which In the past brought torrential rains from October to Hay. has caused many of the life-giving monsooms to fall on already fertile lands or into the sea. Some parts of the Sahel -- the vast sub- Saharan border region -- have now been without rain for six years. ; Even so, much of the African misery must be blamed on human activity. Some of the worst damage has been done, ironically, by those who tried hardest to help. Vast subterranean lakes underlie the Sahara and the Sahel, and development projects have drilled thousands of deep and costly boreholes to raise the fresh water, With this water supply available, the region's largely nomadic tribes unceasingly bought and bred huge herd* of cattle, sheep, goats and camels, and the rev- enous stock overforaged and food supply. When the herds began to die, so did the humans. Writer Claire Sterling, who has documented this tragedy, was told by a higs U.N. official that "nothing has done more than these boreholes to hasten the advance of the world's biggest desert." YET EVEN developed countries have made grievous mistakes in managing their water resources. The United States arid other industrialized nations polluted many of their rivers, sin ams and lakes into lifeless stagnation, and now must spend billions trying to repair th-i damage. Besides the harm dons to fish, wildlife, recreation and aesthetic values, water pollution h;.s become a health hazard. "About half of thsoe who lake their drinking water from pub- Ik water supply .systems in the United States use waters part of which only hours before had been discharged from some industrial or municipal sewer," Professor Daniel A. Okun of the University of North Carol'na hi F said. Other errors have been mad* in agricultural and navigationnl water projects. "Disasters in Water Development." a 1973 re- part by the American Rivers Conservation Council, analyzed 1} proposed ventures wi'.'i a trial price tag of $10 billion but with dubious public benefit;. One of them, the Bureau of Reclamation's Central Arizona Pioject. would bring large Â»- mounts of water to Phoenix and T.icson despite the claim of the U.S. Geological Survey that both cities have abundant lo_al s u p p l i e s f o r generation;;. Another, the Trinity River Project in Texas, envisions turning Dallas into a seaport tli-ough a 335-mile canal built bv the Army Corps of Engineers' "stream channelization" method. WATER PROBLEMS differ greatly in the developing countries, but most hope they can avoid the mistakes made by advanced nations fn utilizing tl eir water resources. A meeting of the International Water Resource Association June 44 in Chicago will bring together experts from 20 countries to discuss world water supplies and dilemmas. In tte Sahei. the Common Market's Development Fund, the U.N. Development Program and the World Bank still are surpyi t millions for new borehole drilling projects, often at the insif- tense of short-sighted African politicians. Desperate p e o p 1 Â· will do anythin gfor water. It teems, even if it destroys them.