Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 26, 1974 · Page 5
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 5

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 26, 1974
Page 5
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Page 5 article text (OCR)

Food Preservation Class Members Told Nodhwvrt Arkansas T1MIS, Sun., May 16, 19/4 , AmUM*A* 5A Pressure Cooking Necessary For Safety In Home Canning By LINDA DOBK1NS TIMES St»lt Writer Methods of canning foods have changed markedly in recent years and 'even cooks who can regularly stood to learn something this week at 1 food preservation class taught hy Mrs. Hattie Hinkle of the K e r r Glass Manufacturing Company. The class was sponsored by the Cooperative Extension Service office and the home economics departments of the Fayetteville schools. The most important change is the recommendations laid down for canning certain foods for safety in using. The open-kettle method of canning foods is now recommended only for jelly. Jams, preserves, and fruit preparations, along with tomatoes and pickles are to be processed in boiling water baths. All other vegetables, meats and poultry, thould be prepared in pressure tookers. Any kind of canning in ovens -- even heating jars in an oven to sterilize them -- is no longer recommended b e c a u s e Ihe uneven heal in an oven can cause jars to explode. The boiling water balh limply a pan large enough to allow for water boiling rapidly two to three inches over the top of jars. A rack in the hot torn of the pan can be made of screw bands from canning jars tied together. A tight-fittmj lid is also needed. The theory is that boiling water pulls the air out of the ars -- and thus helps prevent he spoiling of the food in the ars. The pressure cooker builds up more pressure and therefore irovides an extra margin of safety for foods that are low n acid, which includes most vegetables and meats. Necessary equipment for ressure-preserving j s ressure cooker-canner. a large settle with a sealing lid, pressure gauge, a petcock to release steam, and a safety valve. The cooker also needs a rack to hold jars off the Bottom. A pressure saucepan, which generally has a weighted steam gauge that "jiggles" to tidicate proper heat setting can also be used. A saucepan can be used for pints by adding about 20 minutes processing ime to that given for pressure canners, because of the quicker cooling and heating of the smaller pan. In contrast to the boilinj water bath method, only aboul one to two inches of boiling water is needed in the bottom of a pressure pan to generate the necessary steam. The only jars recommendec for canning are those made of tempered glass which can withstand extreme heating and cooling. Those jars which bear the manufacturer's name on the side of the jar in large letters -- Ball, Kerr, etc., -- are gua atiteed to be tempered and afe to use. The top of any jar should be becked for nicks before using. Typical canning jars have a id, a flat piece which is coated n the inside perimeter with material that will seal to the op edge of the jar. Before the ar goes into the processing wti), the sealing lid is applied, with a screw band to hold it down. The actual sealing comes after the processing as the jars cool. When the jars have completed cooling, the screw band can be removed and saved. When the iar is opened, the sealing lid should be punctured with an ice pick, or some sharp object, which releases the seal. Mrs. Hinkte pointed out that using a can opener to lift the lid from the edge may damage the jar. New sealing'lids must be purchased each canning season. Unless the jars are to be Uj Tor jelly-making, in which it is acceptable to omit processing and use a paraffin seal, the jars do not need to be sterilized but simply washed and rinset or scalded. The scaling lids should also be scalded by pouring boiling water over them. However, the lids should not be placed in boiling water because the sealing 'inateria might be damaged. Mrs. Hinkle said that thi K e r r company does no recommend pre-cooking excep for certain vegetables such as cream corn and greens. Mos First Urban Renewal Bite Only rabble remains alter the first in a series of huiMings was removed last week by the Urban Renewal Agency. The one-story structure, at Meadow Street and Block A wane, was removed I* make way for street widening. (TIMESplmto hy Ken Good) getables can be processed by te "raw pack method", for xatnple, packing cold green leans into a cold jar. Most fruits and vegetables re packed to within one-half ch of the top of the jar. Star- hy foods need one inch top pace; and meats need one and ne-half inch top space to allow it to rise. Mrs. Hinkle demonstrated the roper way to pack food by apping the bottom of the jar ith the palm of the hand. Once he food is packed, a knife should be run around the inside of the jar to release air bubbles. However, particular care should be taken not to hit the bottom of the jar, since jabbing at the bottom of a heating jar could cause it to break when it is heated in a cooker. The salt called for in many canning recipes is not common table salt, which may cause a white sediment in Uie jars of processed food. Canning and pickling salt, sold by that name, should be used. Mrs. Hinkle emphasized that Vinyl Chloride Data Is Being Withheld Pending Prosecution top rim of a jar should carefully cleaned before HOUSTON, Tex. (AP) -Data from a study of the con- entration in Houston of a po- entially cancer-causing chem- cal Is being withheld because yf possible criminal prosecution, according to federal of- icials. As part of an Environmental 'rptection Agency study of vin- 1 chloride, air samples are being collected near chemical ·lams along ttie Houston Ship Channel to determine the concentration of the chemical .he atmosphere. An EPA lawyer in the agency's Dallas regional office said r riday that the results of the louston study would be withheld because the study "represents the investigation files of a enforcement agency" anc polluters releasing the gas could be subject to prosecution, At least 12 deaths in the Jnited States and elsewhere lave been linked to vinyl chlo ride gas. It is suspected as a cause of a rare form of liver cancer, angiosarcoma. The information would be re leased only after evaluation and possible legal disposition Collins said. The EPA vinyl chloride team s testing for the chemical at 10 ants around the country, in luding those in Houston. Dr. ~lenn E. Schweitzer, head of tie EPA team, said an esti mated 200 million pounds of the as escapes annually into (he Imosphere in the United States. In Akron, Ohio, the B.F loodrich Co. announced lha about 100 scientists and others are working six to seven days a week in a multimillion-dollar effort to reduce emplnye losure to vinyl chloride. Five of the reported viny chloride deaths were amoni 'ormer employes of Goodrich' plant in I-ouisville, Ky. Two cases were reported among liv ng employes there. Russian Cellist To Live In England MOSCOW (AP ) -- Cellisl Mstislav Rostropovieh. wh .poke in defense of exilet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn is leaving Russia for an ex tended stay in England. Rostropovioh said Friday he would leave Sundair for a two y e a r " visit to London. He ex pects his wife and two daugh ters to join him later. Rostropovieh, 46, found him ·-\f in disfavor with Sovie authorities after his defense Solzhenitsyn. His concert ap pearances and foreign tour were restricted. applying the sealing lid, since any particle of food could cause the lid not to seal properly. The jars are then ready for either the pressure cooker or the boiling water bath canner. In a pressure cooker, it is necessary to "exhaust" the cooker by letting steam escape. Estimated exhaust time is 10 minutes for canner-cookers; even minutes for saucepans; and 12 minutes for a cooker with two layers of jars. After the pressure rises to 10 pounds -- the pressure used in almost all canning recipes the heat should be adjusted to maintain that pressure, and timing should begin. All c ning recipes include processing time for pint and quart jars. It is important to let ressure cooker cook down by tself. The gauge on a cooker will show when pressure is down to zero, or manufacturer's directions will tell how to determine when pressure is down sufficiently to open the cooker. Jars should be set out to dry and cool down -- preferably out of a draft. Mrs. Hinkle emphasized t h a t the top of the jars should not be wiped, even though some water may have colected on the tops.Wiping on the tops may push the sealing lid down, and make it impossible to tell if the jar is sealed. Instead, the jars should be allowed to cool completely without touching. When they are cooled, there are three tests to he used to make sure the jars have sealed -- the sound of the lid when tapped; the obvious curvature of the lid; and the feel of the lid. The lid should give a clear ring when tapped. It is possible, however, that the jar is sealed even when the tap gives more of a thud than a ring. In thest cases, the lid will dip in tne center obvious both to sight and touch. The dull sound in the case indicates that food is on the lid, according to Mrs. Hinkle. After it is determined that th» jars are sealed, they should b» washed in warm. soapy water,and the screw hand« should be removed. Mrs. Hinkla ' advises to put the bands in a glass jar. Storage in a plastic bag may cause moisture to gather and the bands will rust. Recipes for various canned goods and explanations of tha canning process are available at the Cooperative Extension office in the Annex io the Washington County Courthouse. The Extension Service has set up a number of clinics to test the gauges on pressure cookers June 4-7 in the county. Questions on canning foods may b» answered at that time. (Se« related story.) Finch Remarries In Missouri Ceremony EL DORADO SPRINGS, Mo ;AP) -- Dr. R. Bernard Finch tas married a psychiatric social worker whom friends say met while he was servinj prison term for the murde of his wife. A friend, the Rev. William ICrudwig, said Friday that r'inch, 56, married Elizabeth Kehoe, 50, in a private cere- fnon y at his ho me he re on Thursday. Bob Jackson, direc- :or of the Crawford County Mental Health Center, which employs the bride, said the couple met while.she was doing socinl work at a California prison. Finch attention Tregoff, gained widespread when he and Carole attractive receptionist at his West Covina, Calif., hospital, were sentenced to life prison terms in 1961 for the slaying of Finch's wife in 1959 four months after she had filed for divorce. The two were later paroled. Finch moved here and Miss Tregoff changed her name and reportedly is living in Southern California. THE SAVINGS ARE SOMETHING IN THE Boston Store MEMORIAL DAY SALE TO '/2 AND MORE OFF! ON APPAREL £ ACCESSORIES DRESSES SPORTSWEAR MEN'S WEAR CHILDREN'S WEAR INTIMATE APPAREL ACCESSORIES SAVINGS THROUGHOUT THE STORE! CONSTABLE Prairie Township D WARREN J. MCDONALD a Your Qualified Democratic Candidate Pol. Ad Paid for by Citizens for Warren J. McDonald Committee, Steve Wood, Chairman, Washington County WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY We Agreed To Give Our Customers-- Famous Brands for Less Tremendous Selection Guaranteed Satisfaction Convenient Shopping Hours-OH, YES WEIL BE DPY 9 a.m.-9:3O p.m. WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY

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