Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 24, 1974 · Page 4
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May 24, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Friday, May 24, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Iii/crcsl Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 9 FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1974 No 'Bombshells' In Hughes' Papers 'Senate Race And Foreign Affairs Things, as llicy say, arc lough all over. And this happens' to be particularly true in the case of world democracy, and Ilicse governmental precepts which most Americans hold dear. A catalog of the status quo of democratic forms of government in the world today is a sobering document. The point is particularly pcrlinc.nl, \vo think, in view of the casual -- disinterested, in fact -- attitude of Gov. Dale Bumpers toward foreign affairs. The governor, in his campaign against Sen. Bill Fulbvighl. has repeatedly emphasized that foreign a f f a i r s is not where Arkansas' interest is at. His reference, of course, is aimed directly at Sen. Fulbrighl's position of eminence as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. But is it true that i n t e r n a t i o n a l affairs are unimportant to us, as Americans and Arkansans? Consider, if you will, the c u r r e n t stale of troubled affairs with the world's principal parliamentary democracies: BRITAIN -- the Conservative government of Edward Heath has just been overthrown by the Labour Party of Harold Wilson. FRANCE- -new elections have produced a drastic change in direction for French politics, with the new president holding a majority of Jess t h a n 51 per cent. ITALY -- a divorce referendum has severely jolted the fragile r u l i n g grip of the Christian Democratic Party, and jeopardizes the effectiveness of Premier Rumor. CANADA -- Prime -Minister Trudeaii's minority government faces a fresh election and there is a serious lack of an .effective majority coalition. ISRAEL -- now Premier Rabin is Irving to put together pieces of a cohesive and workable Cabinet out of the shambles of Mrs. Golda Mcir's resignation, precipitated in part by erosion of public confidence. AUSTRALIA -- unrest between legisla- Itve and executive arms of government have tended to stymie effective direction for policy, and resulted in a confidence vote this month. DENMARK -- still wallowing in the wake of several inconclusive elections, that persist in showing a lack of confidence in existing government policy. BELGIUM -- governed by a shaky coali- l i o n , three months in the making, and still recovering from the effects of the resignation of Premier Lcburlon early in 1974. ICELAND -- facing new elections, after defection of one major party from support of P r i m e Minister Johannesson. SWEDEN -- struggling with a government deadlocked between Premier Palme, and a legislature in which his party does not have, a working majority. NORWAY -- most recent elections leave Premier Brattcli as leader of a party with only slightly more than a third of the seats in the parliament. To this add, the UNITED STATES -where the presidency is weakened not oidy by minority suppoii'in the legislative body, but where public opinion (growing out o£ Watergate) has seriously undermined leadership effectiveness. In Ihis broad spectrum of world unrest, t h e United States, we suggest, needs all the expertise and foreign affairs leadership that il can muster. Gov. Dale Bumpers' qualifications notwithstanding, the world can ill afford to dispense w i t h Sen. Ftdbright's particular vision and wisdom at this juncture in history. Not if world democracy is to survive the most serious crisis of confidence to dale. From. The Readers Viewpoint Independence To the Editor: 3n regard In your May 16 editorial, it is interesting how your i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of J. L. A u s p i t z ' s essay leads to tlic a sumption that the "independent" voter is a "significant c o n t r i b u t o r to the breakdown in the. political morality he deplores." Unless you jire a "lily-while" Doirm- cral who feels t h a t Wai create could only happen to Repub- cans, i.e. t h a t it is au innate part of the Republicans' nature, I lien yrni must agree that, "a 1] ]· e a k d o w n in political morality", is also i i s s n c i a i o d . if not i n t i m a t e l y , w i t h p n l j l i n i l pai fios. 1 ( I n f i n i t y t h a t \ i \ u n rind his cronies AHl-l members of tlic Republican party and that oilier w e l l - k n o w n scandals, snob as (he? Teapot Dome, were p a r t y MSsnciaK'd. Voni 1 r a t i o n a l e For bein« a pany member borders oil From. Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO A total nf 400 signatures have been obtained locally on p e t i - tions to get an amendment for tax payment on the s t a t e bal!nt for the November ^Mieral election. The goal is -UlUO si^ina- tures. The University of A r k a n s a s 50 YEARS AGO Thirty-eight area youths vi!l g r a d u a t e from U n i v e r s i t y H i g h School in exercises F r i d a y morning at the University Chapel. The Seniors will present t h e i r a r m u n l play t h i s e\Tnitu:: "Won By Wireless" is the play chosen. 100 YEARS AGO Latest from the C n p i l n l . Aboui d a y light t h i s morning. Brooks, witli a ? m a J l scjuad nf e a v a l r y , evacuated the S t a t e House, going no one seems to know where. It is reported he went o:it on the road lowarJ Fort Smith. \\ ill he. 1 -low I ioncH';u'v doctor nf huvs driers on \ Y s l l i a m Darby, L i l t If Ruck hnsine-xmii n. and Dr. d i a r i e s K. P a l m , ck\m of the NYw Vm-k S t a t e College of A'-M'iciiliun.' at Cornel! U n i v e r - sity in cere-monies May M in F a y r t t e v i l l c . Snnu'v.'herr, probn lily ?nme- wlunv over I lie wild Snaviua H i l l s of O k l a l u i n v i . a n - U-,e robbers of tlic P r a i r i e Gn^ 1 -.- Fii'.-t \;-'!ioi!; = ! F * ; i n k . The h:m- di'- h a v e ir..i'!r.- ii-ind tht-ir TiU p -if'til Si 1 men solec'lrd to m.-{ i\i t h e stove of Cr;ivons a n d t h e C o n f e d e r a t e - M c m n r i a l sor- vitx 1 .-; \ v , i l l iv m e m her Lo ineot at tiie sore of f'r.s\'^rss anr! Sin i ! ; : (\~- ', % ;i;'!y ?.,-, [ ) . i - . - ] I i U : OH t l s i i i i ! i o r j i : n L L . They'll Do It Every Time THE FAWLY WATCHES TV, ANP IT'S PRCTTY PALLID"'; -·'. r^ HC.V.E? y^^pPg-sHIp " ^z ;W»a I P* -?* · 'frfi j %£ ar^ffi idiocy. 1 believe that every person has the right lo make up his mind and decide whether (lie Democrat or Republican parly lias something to o f f e r lii i n, and if in return, he has s(ir,^.;l';!V; In offer them. Kvery i n d i v i d u a l has this right wilhouL bcing unwittingly criticized by such public media as the Northwest Arkansas TIMES. [;:· H.-'I !r..'i;j in thi.s country people have blindly followed the d i c t a t e s of pnrly policies w i t h o u t thought to t h e public w e l f a r e or lo the legitimacy of ihoir a c t i o n , while calling these a c t i n n s "in . society's best interest s." These rank-and-file Democrats ami Republicans clo~t! t h e i r minds to the f a c t ami vote nnly as the p a r t y dic- l a r ·.··-. Y ' 1 " - - ' H deuKK-rary. (?') f myself, bring an "in- d e p e n d e n t " voter, feel that I have not one, but two forums by whidi to air my grievances, for wluiL party head or politic i a n would not l i s t e n to a prospective voter, po.ssihly even a prospective p a r t y bin 8 efhil prospective party member. i n d e p e n d e n t s are li.stenod to by i v. ;\v p'li'ty l)s,'C'aii-;o they reni'o- scrn :i l;ir; v '' per rent of t h c volins public. What you and pt'opk- like \ on f e a r is not the "independent" voter but the j i r L ' . v n ^ 11 t h i n k e r . I n d e p e n d e n t t h i n k i n g leads " i n d e p e n d e n t s " to vote and c a m p a i g n for e i t h e r the Republican or t f i e D e r n o c r ^ l i c c a n ti i d a t e \vhieh \A best q u a l i f i e d regardless of w h a t p a r t y o f f i c i a l s deem "right." [ ti ·;· ··::'·· ' · : · i - u s s i ' i i t , much loss campaigning for the other p a r t y ' s c a n d i d a t e s by either Democrats or Republicans \vn;]!r| lead to o s t r a c i s m by the. p : i ; ' U . It smns to mr therefore, t : i a ' ;ic-cording to your ideas nil VHiliMcal o p i n i o n s , decisions, or r . · · - : I M ] : oit h e r iv black c i r i \ n n e . hot or cold. Democrat or Renublican. This is prep r i s t r r o u s . ! i'cr! your editorial had little flni-h of t l i r n i s h t . HK did your (Mil. T w o u l d be really" in- K i iv!cd in knowing w h a t the " i i i t e r v i e u c d " p a r t y members k n o w j'i-OLU t h e n.'-liorml. state, · M- i vvn ··:·;;! truly policies, and hru'. m n n y of them actual ly "espouse and work for those \:\::.]?." Way tie Cockrell Faynt;evil!c Bible Verse "How Grul anointed Jesus of N n x R i v i i i with the Holy Ghost and u i t h power: who went abom (Joint good, and healing all ih;U were oppressed of the cic-vil: for Gncl w::s wl;"n him." Ac;s 10:3a --' v ! ; i ! ; · ' v i - a mviit or a hart thai needs to be lifted? Lay ii on the l i n e , let's call on the Lord for victory and deliverance. Our Father which an in Htavi-n and viho knows c v e ry h u r t on c rt rth, i n ill e in billy n, r ime of Jesus and by t i . f ixnu: of the Holy Ghost, dc J i v t r rhose from anything th: : t i)i:i(is atirl bruises ;mti lot t i n in '-'-,0 free. Amen, Fly JACK ANDKHSON WASHINGTON -- We have obtained Xerox copies of the Howard Hughes papers, which Ihc Watcrtfule burglars had planned In steal from the safe of 1-as Vpgiis publisher H a n k Greenspan. The two-inch thick slash of documents, most of them in Hughes' own hand scrawl, add little lo what is already k n o w n about the undercover relationship between the reclusive billionaire and President Nixon, But the papers offei 1 a fas- c i n a t i n H self-portrait of America's celebrated mystery man. From his memos. Hughes is revealed as an eccentric tycoon, obsessed with secrecy, who hatcher! multimillion-dollar po\ver grabs and thought he could manipulate the nation's political leaders. From IQfifi to 1970, he ruled his f i n a n c i a l empire from the guarded penthouse of a Las VeRas hoteE-casino, communi- c a t i n g with bis executives by memo and telephone. He wouldn't let his wife near him then mourned the breakup of their marriage, blaming it upon an innocent aide. We reported a small part of the story in August 1971, after getting hold of a dozen handwritten Huylvs memos. WE? wrote Hi at Hughes ordered aides to offer f i n a n c i a l b u c k i n g to both presidential candidates in the L9G8 election. But. he expected Richard Nixon to win "under our sponsorship and supervision," as Hughes put it, "every inch of the way." The billionaire also had cash to spare for the most lowly p o l i - t i c i a n who might be in a position to help the Hu»hes interest. After typical instructions from Hushes, his former lop hand, Robert. Maheu, nnco reassured him: "As to the political leaders in Los Angeles, Howard \vc take very good care of them throughout the year." Hughes plunged into each new financial scheme with a The Washington Merry-Go-Round passion. "Please clear Hie decks and fasten your seat hell." he scribbled to Mahcu on April 19. 1968. "because I h;ivc H blockbuster." It was a plan to trade the Slardiist for the International Hotel in Las Vegas. The memos show that Hughes o f t e n became so absorbed w i t h his schemes that he lost all track of day and night. "I suppose you know I have not teen to sleep at all," he wrote Jlahcu on April 24. 1968. "So I am going to sit up now until we hear something." This phantom billionaire repeatedly insisted upon total secrecy. He didn't want "the most microscopic chance of the slightest hint being accidentally dropped to anyone," stressed a iypical memo. Another t i m e , he declared that his informants "put their very lives in jeopardy with some of the disclosures they make to me, a n d if they thought this information went to anybody -- no matter whom -- they would not continue to inform me." Hughes kept his last wife, movie actress Jean Peters, on a yo-yo string. He would disappear for long stretches and send her endearing but false messages through his aide William Gay. Once he directed aides to rent a mote! suite on the Mo.iave Desert and installed private telephones for the sole purpose of convincing his wife he was out on the desert. Yet a l l the time, he was only a fow miles from their Belaire. Calif., home, watching endless movies and e a t i n g chocolate bars at a private studio. In 19G5, ho promised to have Thanksgiving dinner with her. But because of his fear of germs, he tolri her to sit across the room f r o m h i m . She walked out in a huff. The following year, he per- suaded her to join him in Boston where lie promised they would settle down. But again, he kept her at ncross-the-room distance. She put up with it for three days. But when the marriage broke up, he blamed Gay who had merely carried the messages back 'and forth. Hughes complained bitterly: "Bill's total in- ditference and laxity to my pleas for help in my domestic area, voiced urgently to him, week by week through the past 7 to 8 years, have resulted in a complete, I am a f r a i d irrevocable loss of my wife. ! am. sony but I blame Bill completely " for this unnecessary debacle." Slahcu tried to defend Gay,contending: "Bill Gay came forward when everyone else collapsed and was ready to protect you to the hilt." But H u g h e s complained angrily from his hermitage atop the hotel-casino: "I thought that when we came here, and I told yon not to invite Bill up here and not to permit him to be privy to our activities, you had realized that I no longer trusted him." For that matter, the memos show that (he r e l a t i o n s h i p between Hughes and Maheu was stormy. Most of their quarrels were over p e t t y matters. A clash over office space, for example, brought JIalieu to the brink of resigning in early February 1068. "Last week." wrote Maheu in a "Very Conf." note lo the industrialist, "you mentioned to me that there are times you get the feeling that I think you have been in his world for 12 years instead of G2. I sometimes get the feeling t h a t you think I am still in my mother's womb rather than being 50 years of age." A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought H A N D I C R A F T BOOM. .Octavo Paz (translated from the Spanish bv Helen R. Lane). "In Praise of Hands." The Atlantic, Hay 197-!, pp. '15-52. "The return to hand crafts- m a n s h i p in the United States aild in Western Europe is one of the F.vmntoms nf the great change tii;it is taking place in our contemporary sensibility. We are confronting in this case yet another expression of the rebellion against the abstract religion Or progress and the nnantitativ r e vision of man and nature." "The popularity of handi- c r a f t s is a sign of h e a 11 h -like the return to Tnorean and Blake, or the rediscovery of Fourier... The destiny of the v/ork nf art is the air- conditioned eternity of the m u s e u m ; the destiny of the industrial object is the trash barrel. The handcraftec! object ordinarily escapes the museum and its glass display cases... It has neither the desire to last for thousands npon thousands 01 years, nor is it possessed by a i r a n t i c drive to die an early death." "Between the timeless time of the musr-um and the speeded- up time of technology, craftsmanship is :he heartbeat of h u m a n time. A thing t h a t is h a n d m a d e is a useful object but also one that is beautiiful; an object t h a t lasts a long time "j.jt also one t h a t slowly ages a w a y and is resigned lo so dr.ing; an object that is not u r i q u c like the work of art and can be replaced by another object that is similar but not i d e n t i c a l . The craftsman's handiwork teaches us to die and hence teaches us to live." MONTESSORI M E T H O D . "Grading Monlessori." H u m a n Behavoir, Hay lOV'l. pp. 32-33. "The Montessori method of teaching three- to five-year olds has been lauded for the productivity and autonomy of its children and the nondirective role of its teachers. B u t Kent S t a t e psychologists . . ..believe those plaudits come from 'naive observers. 1 So they compared how kids get along with others in a Montessori school, a university preschool and a parent cooperative school." "The Montessori children, of any age. spent less time with adults and. in general more time on each interaction -- both remits evidence of increased m a t u r i t y . Bnth university-iab and Montessori children spent less ttme crying or h i t t i n g their neighbors than did children in a parent cooperative; males were rowdier than females, especially the parent cooperative boys . . . The lion- tessori school has the extremely high child-adult ratio of 12 to 1, in contrast to a 3.5 to 1 ratio in the other schools." "The Montessori doctrine preaches that too many hovering a d u l t s spoil I KB children, making it d i f f i c u l t for them to learn From one another... It is perhaps more interesting that both in the university laboratory an:l the parent cooperative . s c h o o l emphasis is on the development of social skills, while Mon- tossori stresses the development of perceptive, practical and cognitive skills. Yet. in the end, Montessori kidr, are still better little social interactors." PEIiSONAL IN D E P E N D E N C E . Allen L. Hanimnid, "individual Sclf- Sufficiency in Energy." Science (special issue on energy), April 10, 1974, pp. 278-282. "Of course, not everyone would care to do his or her commuting on a bicycle, pioneer a solar-heated house, or return lo an entirely gadfictloss style of life. Still, the concept of an autonomous house has considerable nppeal, espcciailly for thoso who live in rural areas. Urban and suburban dwellers mijht find attractive the prospect of buffering t h e i r dependence nn conventional energy sources. The possi- b i l i t i e s range from t h e eminently practical to the absurd." "Wood stoves are back in f a s h i o n , a n d well-designed fireplaces can lessen healing loads for those who have an ample supply of firewood." But the quarrels would end in reconciliation. with expressions of fidelity to ona another. On May 6, 1968, Hughes wrote to his subordinate: "Now, Bob. it is my intention to remove as many as possible of the irritating features of our relationship. In this conncclion, I have decided not to ask you to write me any more messages in longhand and sealed envelopes. I know this is time consuming for you, and my men think I don't trust them. i5o, in the future except in rare instances, I prefer you dictate your reply to my messages via telephone and whichever of my men happens lo be on duty." Two years later the two men broke tip and they arc fighting out their differences in court. William Gay. on (he other hand, is now a trusted member of Hughes' entourage. Footnolct On February 3. 1372 the New York Times reported that the flamboyant publisher, Hank Greenspun. had the Hughes papers slashed in his safe. The next day. at a meeting in then Attorney General John Mitchell's office, Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Ltddy was instructed to study the possibility of breaking into the safe. The Watergate team never carried out his plan to burglarize Greenspun's safe and escape across the border Howard Hughes plane. Senala investigators believe the Whita House was afraid the Hughes memos might contain evidence of his $100.000 cash gift to the President through Bcbe Rebozo. U.S.-Cktna Relations In Abeyance WASHINGTON (ERR) -- A symposium entitled "U.S.-China Relations: New Prospects for MIC Decade." will he held iu Washington. IXC.. June 4. Cosponsors are the National Council for U.S.-China Trade, Ilia N a t i o n a l Committee nn U.S- China Relations, and the Com- initlec for Scholarly Communication wilh tlie People's Republic of China. U.S. RELATIONS with the Soviet Uninn have hit a few humps lately, hut at least that implies movement. Relations with Chiiiii. on the other hand, appear virtually stalled.. The hrady atmosphere created hy Ping' Pong diplomacy and President Nixon's visit to Peking no longer exists. Instead. Chinese officials are again openly venting their displeasure with American policy. Chinese Premier Chou En-la! has gone so far as to attack Nixon indirectly. At a stale linnqucl April 1 fnr visiting Cambodian Communist leader K Ii i e n Siimpiuui, Chou declared: "The revolutionary people cio not at all believe in sn-calied lasting peace or a generation of peace. So long as imperialism exists, revolution and war are inevitable." Although Nixon wns not mentioned hy name, the reference was clear. The President has talked often at his efforts to create a "generation of peace," especially since In* visit to China. . . IT IS REASONABLE to assume that China feels it has been slighted hy the United States since the Nixon-Chou Shanghai Communique was signed in 1972. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger visited China as recently as last November. For the most part, though. Kissinger has bent his diplomatic skills Inward finding Middle East peace settlement and preserving U.S.-Soviet detente. "Weak as she is in comparison w i t h either of her defined enemies, China under Mao (Tse-tnng) and Chou finds it v i t a l lo prevent any sweeping Soviet - American d e t e n t e." wrote Robert A. Scalapino, editor of the .iournal Asian Survey. "To keep t h a t delente as limited as possible and make ii cosily to olher Soviet relationships...!^ part and parcel ot China's reliance on balance-of- power politics to protect her national interests." C H I N A I S DISTURBEfl also by what it regards as U.S. font-dragging in implementing the policy on Taiwan set forlh in the Shanghai Communique. "The United Slates acknowledges." Ihf document stated, "that all Chinese on cither side of Ihc Taiwan Strait m a i n t a i n there is but one China and that Taiwan is part of China...(and it further) a f f i r m s the ultimate objective of the withdrawal o! all U.S. forces ana" military installations from Taiwan." In Peking's view, American ties to the Nationalist Chinese regime on Taiwan are In many ways stronger today than - in 1972. Around 2,fi(W U.S. troops were withdrawn from the island in December, hnt 6,MO remain. Trade between the United Slates and Taiwan increased 'substantially In 1973 and is expected to rto- so again this year. And when Leonard Unger was sworn in as U.S. ambassador to Taiwan on March 29, he was told by Deputy Secretary of State Kenneth Rush that Inn post is "one of the best...we have." The Chinese are well aware of President Nixon's domestic difficulties. Ross Terrill. a fellow in East Asian studies at Harvard, recently wrote that "Peking's attitude to Watergate has changed from unconcern to a n x i e t y lest Nixon may not be able to carry forward his China policy." China, then, may be m a r k i n g time until Watergate and the impeachment process have run their course.

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