Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 23, 1974 · Page 1
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May 23, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, May 23, 1974
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MStN- Editoriat 4 Tor women ..C...T.......... S Sports y.-.T.-^.:.... 11-13 Amusements 14 Comics .................V.T.. 16 Classified ........... 17-19 114* YEM-NUMBat 325 ^ort1)U)cst The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEV1UE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1974 10CAL WtKAST- ParUy cloudy and a warmer through Friday with a ·light chance of ttoundershow- ersT Low last night 56. Low tonight near 60. Highs Friday mid t»s. Sunset today 1:22; sunrise Friday 6:05. Weather map on pagt 3. ·£20 PAGBS-TBt CHITS By Refusal To Release 11 Tapes New Grounds For Impeachment Seen WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon's refusal to comply with a House Judiciary Committee subpoena for 11 Watergate tapes is providing ne_w grounds (or impeachment in the view of some members. "It means the cover-up continues," said Rep. George Dan- ielson, D-Calif., after Nixon notified the committee Wednesday he would not comply with the subpoena or any other it issues for Watergate material. "It's hurting him with the committee," said Rep. Tom Raitsback. R-lll.. one of a number of Republicans who ex- pressed disappointment at Nixon's action. Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., calling Nixon's refusal "a very grave matter," scheduled a committee meeting for next week to deal with it. There was some talk of citing Nixon for contempt of Congress and of seeking court enforcement of the subpoena, but a majority appeared to favor taking the President's action into a c c o u n t when considering whether he should be impeached. The committee staff has advised that it is proper to infer that anyone possessing and refusing to provide subpoenaed evidence is withholding material that could be incriminating. In a letter to Rodino saying he would not produce the tapes, Nixon said the committee's request, and others it is getting Petition To Save Old Post Office Readied By Group Burn Victim One of 11 men Injured when an explosion and fire ripped through a 15-story grain elevator at Memphis Is lowered to the ground on a rope har- ness. Five men are listed In serions condition. A Memphis tire marshal said the explosion was caused by dust. (AP Wirephoto) Rising Costs, Tight Money Limit Growth Of Utilities NEW YORK (AP) -- Faced with rapidly increased costs for' fuel and a continuing need for money to expand, some of the nation's major electric utilities have run into a serious lack of funds. The weak finansial position some face was dramatized recently when Consolidated Edison, New York City's power supplier, omitted its regular 45- cent quarterly dividend. Con Ed said it needed cash for escalating operating expenses and heavy capital spending this year, and so did not pay the normally guaranteed dividend which is the major attraction for buying utility stocks. The incident, and fean of others like it, quickly focused attention on the industry's ailing finances. Stock prices and credit ratings plunged. Unless the securities market for utility issues quickly improves, the worst trouble may lie ahead, analysts say. And ultimately the consumer may have to pay even higher electric hills, or f a c e potential brownouts. CRISIS TRIGGERED Energy problems and flation triggered the utilities crisis. The price of foreign oi quadrupled last year, and con fiumer conservation efforts am higher bills lowered expectec sales by utilities by 5 per cen in the first quarter this year. Combined, they were enough to send first quarter earning plummeting, in some cases a. much as 81 per cent below las year. Although much of t h e in flation in fuel prices will be re covered through increased bill to consumers, the first quarte figures were enough to shock investors into taking a ha look at the companies' financia positions. Within the p a s t week. Ih .high interest costs and the coo ness investors have show some new utility bonds ha caused several compaiies, eluding Detroit Edison an Cleveland Edison, to delay scrap completely plans for new tond issues. As a last resort, utilities have arted to rely more and more n bank borrowings, where the ost of funds to businesses now ·uns in excess of 11% per cent. Three Held In Break-In A group of Fayclleville residents, unhappy with Urban Renewal plans to demolish the Old Post Office Building on the Square, has banded together to petition that the structure be saved. The group favors leaving the building intact and believes that it could be used as a city hall despite the lack of parking space. The petitions, addressed to a variety of governmental organizations, were distributed Wednesday night at a meeting of 75 to 100 residents at Central Fire Station. The public meeting was called by an ad hoc committee to determine if there is sufficient public interest to make a last ditch effort to save the Post Office Building. , The petition asks that the Fayctteville Board of Directors the Housing Authority. Down town Fayetteville Unlimited anc representatives ot Housing anc Urban Development (HUD) meet in a joint session to dis cuss the possibility of making change in Urban Renewa plans which would save the building for use as a city hall. TO POLL COMMUNITY Architect Cyrus Sutherland speaking as a private citizen and not a representative of any group, identified the purpose o the Wednesday meeting to lay plans to poll the community. He said the legal decision making bodies (the thre Three.suspects are being held Fayetteville estigation erf noli buri I ice for in- 'glary anc frand larceny in a break-in and be theft of several items from tie Ozark Liquor Store. 231 Mill St., early this morning. Police identified the three as William H. Mosley. 27. of 10 "!. Willow Ave.. Ricky Johnson. 8, of Washington D. C.. and Henry Shaw, 21, of Rockford, 11. Police said they received a call at about 2 a.m. from a woman who said she had seen a man moving from the front of the store to the rear in a crouched position and then heard the sound of breaking glass and bottles being moved around. TRIO SPOTTTED Police said they saw three persons about a half block from .he store, but went on to the store to investigate. A short time later, police said, Patrolman Steve Hamilton iound three persons trying to hide something in a brush pile behind a church near the store. When the three saw the patrol car, Hamilton said, they ran. but were later arrested walking south on Willow Avenue. Police recovered a box, con- laining four bottles of liquor, a sack containing clothing, a paper bag containing several cartons of cigarettes and a money bag containing $28.91 in change. groups asked to reconsider th plan) will probably agree reluc tantly to such a meeting. "In the minds of most o them the decision to demolis the Post Office Building wa agreed to by the community i (public) meeting after meetin when the plan was first devised "It is our belief that petition of sufficient strengl will persuade them to . v o \ again the crucial issue of whe ther we are doing our commun ity a favor by destroying building and an urban scene enormous value. -The cente Square has always building on it and is had part the Fayetteville scene," said. Sutherland also noted it is n the purpose of the group to di credit or impair the U r b a Renewal project in the city. "There are already tangib benefits from the very impor ant federal money the commu ty has received. Urban pro e'ms facing communities cann le met by local money an Urban Renewal money is ve valuable. Our purpose is mere .0 rethink the project a lit' bit." he said. The speaker recognized th it may be loo late to modi the plan but expressed ho that if sufficient interest shown the plan can yet changed to include preservati' of the building. He also sa that the ad hoc committee f the most valid use for t'h 'building would be as a city ha He also said that the building cupies one-fourth of the uare and if it is saved the mainder of the Square can devoted to the pedestrian alk way and plaza which is (CONTJNITED ON PAGE TWO) Kissinger In Damascus For More Talks JERUSALEM (AP) -- Secre ary of State Henry A. Kissin er is in Damascus for t h e Oth time in his hid to close two ide gaps which remain before e can separate the warring ar lies of Israel and Syria. A senior American officia aid there remains a "pretty ide" gap between the hostile eighbors on two major issues: Syria's resistance to thinning ut its forces defending Dam- scus. and the size of a United Nations team to man the pro- Msed buffer zone. Israel is also reported to be eluctant to limit iEs troops guarding Jewish settlements ear the front and population centers in t h e Jordan River il!e.y. The United States official aid Israel insists on a contin- ;ent of thousands of men in the j u f f e r zone on the Golan ieights, where fighting has raged for more than two months. Syria is opposed to any sizable U.N. presence on what t considers its territory. THREE ISSUES However, the official added hat Kissinger has achieved significant agreement on three major issues: Where the Golan heights line should he drawn, exchange of prisoners from last October's war and the status of the U.N. group. R e p o r t s from Cairo said there had been "urgent contact" between Egypt and Syria over Kissinger's peace efforts. Egypt is known to be interested in bringing about a quick settlement in the disputed Golan Heights area, where there have been daily clashes between Is- Syria for almost 2','a Kissinger plans to return to Washington this weekend with or without final agreement, and not said (he secretary of slate would "let everybody take a breather for a week or two." "We're sort of plodding along," the official said, "but (he over-all trend is upbeat ever since Syria and Israel tentatively agreed to Kissinger's proposed line " Defends The President J o h n McLanghlin, a Jesuit priest and advisor to President Nixon, holds up what he says is a letter with a petition attached to Impeach t h e President. The priest s a i d it was sent at government expense by Rep. Jerome Waldie of California and said it is one reason why Waldie shonlt disqualify himself from t h e House Judiciary Committee (AP Wirephoto) New Subpoenas Issued In 'Plumbers' Case WASHINGTON (AP) -- New subpoenas for Watergate evi- dtnce have been fired at the White House, this time by two former members of President Nixon's inner circle. The subjwcna were signed by U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell at the request of lawyers for John D. Ehrlich man, formerly Nixon's chief domestic adviser, and Charles W. Colson. ex-presidential counselor. Gesell gave (he White House until 2 p.m. Friday to respond racl and months. if lotal agreement reached the U.S. official and said he more time. would grant no He added t h a t the case might have to be dismissed if the government refuses to turn over evidence deemed necessary f o r the trial. "If the court rules t h a t material is relevant to the defense of anyone charged" in the case and arc not produced, " t h e Feuding With Joworski Nixon Has Prosecutor Trouble prosecution ends," Gesell said. The subpoenas include a demand for top secret documents connected with the 1971 Pentagon papers case. They also ask 'or personal papers left at the White House by Colson and Ehrlichman. The latest subpoenas were issued in connection with the ^lumbers case, scheduled for irial in Gesell's court Sept. 9. FIVE DEFENDANTS Ehrlichman. Colson and three other defendants are charged in the break-in at the California offices of Dr. Lewis Fielding, psychiatrst of Daniel Ellsberg, Vietnam war critic. Among the subpoenaed papers was a damage assessment submitted under seal to the Supreme Court in the Pentagon papers case. Top secret portions of these files have never been publicly disclosed. Darlier Wednesday. Gesell had said he would not allow the HEWS BRIEFS A News Aurysts By WALTER B. MEARS WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Nixon always has had trouble getting along with Watergate special prosecutors. He didn't want one hired in the first place, yielding reluctantly after the scandals forced a staff and Cabinet His firing of Archibald Cox stirred the first serious moves for impeachment. Now the White House is feuding with Leon Jaworski over who is boss. . During the House impeachment inquiry the President cannot afford any renewal of the crisis that came when Cox went. Nixon's spokesmen and law yer say there has been no con liberation of firing Jaworski, although circumstances now are similar to those that led the President to get rid of Cox. Tb* central iuu* now. then, n simple: Can the special rosecutor take the President o court when the President tells him not to? In each case, the controversy flared over the demands of the prosecutor for access to White House tape recordings the President said he would not yield. Cox was fired after vowing to press In court for recordings of nine presidential conversations, in defiance of Nixon's instructions to drop the case and settle instead for summaries for the tapes. But three days later, on Oct. 23, 1973, facing a wave of impeachment demands and an adverse public reaction, the President yielded and agreed to turn over the tapes. Within a week, arrangements had been made for a new special prosecutor. Now, up against another tapes controversy with Ja- wonki. Nixon's lawyers My be s prepared to contest to the Supreme Court a subpoena for recordings of 64 conversations. Jaworski already has won in U.S. District Court. Jaworski complained there, and to the Senate Judiciary Committee, which backed h i m , about the contention of the White House that he could not properly pursue Hie subpoena case in court because it involves a dispute between two the executive officials branch. Jaworski said that interpretation of his standing would make a farce out of the special prosecutor's office. Federal courts have held that by voluntary agreement a n d J u s t i c e Department regulations, the administration has given the office of the special prosecutor a unique measure ol independence with the force of law behind it. The edited Watergate Iran- ·cripts recount e a r l y dis- cussions oT a special prosecutor, and Nixon's opposition to he idea. "Now the difficulty with the special prosecutor -- it gets a guy into the (expletive deleted) thing," Nixon said on April 15, 1973. "First it's a re- lection --- it's sort of admitting mea culpa for our whole system of justice. I don't want to do lhat." But 15 days later, shuffling the Cabinet to install Elliot L. Richardson as attorney general, Nixon authorized him to appoint a special prosecutor. Congress was pressing for one. Richardson chose Cox. The Wfiite House always viewed Democrat Cox with suspicion, aide, that he was get Nixon there contending a partisan out to Jaworski fs a Democrat, too. but from Houston not Harvard. His prosecution of the case has led him. like Cox, to demand in court material the President does not want to provide. Holy Yeor Set VATICAN CITY (AP) Pope Paul VI today solemnly proclaimed 1975 a Holy Year and urged world governments to consider granting amnesty to all prisoners, especially political prisoners. In a papal bull -- the most authoriative form of papal message -- the pontiff a l s o called on the Roman Catholic Church to bring all movements started in the wake of the 1965 Ecumenical Council. called Vatican II, under the discipine of the church hierarchy. To Probe Police WASHINGTON (AP) - The federal Law Enforcement Assistance Administration has approved a $395.000 grant to Pennsylvania to help establish a special prosecutor's office to investigate corruption in the Philadelphia police department Landmark Damaged PARIS (AP) -- An explosion early today heavily damaged a dome of the Sacre Coeur basilica, one of the landmarks of Paris. The French press agency said callers claimed to have set off the blast to protest the elec t i o n of Valery Discard d'Kstaing as president. Four Youths Killed HELENA, Ark. (AP) -- Fou ·oung men were killed early to day when they were run ove y a tractor-trailer truck at th Walnut Corner community nea here. Phillips County author ties said. The victims were identifiei as Eddie Jackson, 14; Johnn Williams. 16; Mike Bow man, 12; and Robert Harris, 1 -- all of West Helena. Wonts Cattle Ticks WASHINGTON (AP) -- Th Agriculture Department want caltlc producers to search thei animals for ticks and the ma the little creatures to a lahora tory in Texas. Not that USDA Is starting new entomological zoo. It's be cause one kind of tick threaten to spread cattle tick fever qve a large portion of the Unitec States unless the pests are cor nered and eliminated. Deaths Down WASHINGTON (AP) -- Tin number of persons killed on th nation's highways was down fo the sixth April and straight month the Department Transportation estimated toda that more than 4.700 lives hav been saved since the energy crisis began. ivernment to withhold mat* al from the trial on a claim xecutive privilege. The White House has retainc .ime of the papers of staffe ho left during the Waterga ontroversy and referred icm as presidential papers Ehrlichman and Colson ha omplained that preparation ieir defense was hindered he fact that access to their p ers still at the White Hou ?as limited. "I don't rccogni/e any exec ve privilege." Gesell said in earing on pretrial motions ic case. If anything is releva nd material, it is going to roduced by the United Slates "There is not going to be c cutive privilege or national s urity," the judge said. "1 must proceed with what is re ant in this case. I am not g ng to start having a seer rial of public matters." ady to make, amount to "* issive invasion Into the con- enliality of presidential con- rsations." More fundamentally, contin- ng ad infinitum the process of elding up additional covcrsa- ns in response to an endless ries of demands would fatally eaken this office, not only in administration but for fu- re presidencies as well, 1 ' Nix- added. ARGUMENT REJECTED Rodino rejected Nixon's argu- ent, saying the committee's quests were narrowly drawn nd related specifically to the j pea dime nt inquiry: "There is no way the presi- ency will be weakened by the institutional process we a r · onducting. The republic will » strengthened." Rodino said the committee ill issue more subpoenas if it ecides the White House is ithholding evidence it needs, he next one likely will deal ith the dairy funds and ITT ontroversies. The committee has requested ipes of 66 conversations in lese two areas and Nixon's awyer, Ja-mes D. St. Clair, told Wednesday it would get only ne partial Iranscript. The committee delved deeper ito the crucial iMarch 21, 1973, tage of the Watergate cover-up W e d n e s d a y , adding secret rand jury evidence to its tapes f Nixon's conversations deal- ng with hush money payments. In a report accompanying in- iclments returned against sev- i former White House and *. T ixon re-eleclion campaign ides March 1, the Watergate rand jury said a $75,000 pay- nent was made to the lawyer or convicted Watergate burglar E. Howard Hunt Jr. th« night of March 21. In a taped conversation ear- ier that day, Nixon appeared to be. ordering his foimer counsel, John W. Dean III, to make the payment. There is some dispute as to whelher the $75.000 actually was paid that night, but several cununittee members said the evidence presented Wednesday made it clear that it was. MARCH Z2 TAPE The committee also heard a lane of a March 22 conversa- :ion in which Nixon, Dean, former Atty. Gen .John N, Mit- chcl and former White House iides John D. Ehrlicnman and H.n. Haldeman discussed various means of dealing with the upcoming Senate Watergate lejrings. The Boston Globe reported today it had learned from a ;ource who had heard the White House tape that during the March 22 conversation. Nixon said: "Even up to this point; the whole theory has been containment, as you know, John." Nixon has said he did not learn of any Watergate cover- up until March 21. 1973. Hep. Elizabeth Holtzman, D- N.Y., said she found the tape "very significant." but did not go into detail. Rep. Robert Dri- nnn. D-Mass.. said "the whole tone of tha conversation showed they were determined not fo let it (the cover-up of White House involvement in Watergate) get out." Broad Areas Of Agreement Seen In Insurance Plans WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. idward M. Kennedy says there are broad areas of agreement Ktween the Nixon administration and Congress on the essentials of a national health insurance plan. He told the nation in a radio address Wednesday "a new spirit of compromise and progress is in the air" that may make it possible to enact such a program this year. Kennedy. D-Mass.. said the health insurance bill he is sponsoring with Rep. Wilbur D. Mills. D-Ark., is better in many respects than the Nixon propos al. Kennedy's speech was delivered as the Democratic congressional majority's reply tc an address on the same subject by Nixon Monday. The President spoke of com promise, loo. but said he woulc not yield on the basic principles of his plan. One of the principles, he said was t h a t the program must operate through private insurance companies and not "a costly federal dominated structure." T h e Kennedy-Mills plan would be finianced through ant operated by the Social Security system. The senator said among tts advantages, including elimina tion el what he described a: arge profits made by the private companies, coverage of :he individual from job to job or between jobs or when he vas retired, and a tax that vould be higher for persons veil-off and lower for the poor. Kennedy said the basic coverage of hospitalization and hysician services in the tws )iljs was about the same. But his measure contains Benefits lacking in the Nixon bill, such as medical care for pregnant women and small children and greater protection against catastrophic illness. One major hurdle to enactment of a far-reacting national icalth insurance plan this year is the jammed schedule of the House Ways and Means and Seriate Finance committees, which must act on it. Each panel is holding public hearings on the subject, but they also must consider this year such important measures as lax reform, international trade, tax increases for oil companies and an increase in the national debt limit. Sen. Abraham A. Ribicoff. D- Conn.. a Finance Committee member, sayi he sees no chance for enactment of health insurance In 1974 if the House votes to impeach President Nixon and the Senate contact* a trial oa UM charges.

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