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Jlorfttoesft Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest I* The First Concern Oj Tha Newspaper * Â·) WEDNESDAY, MAY M, 1974 Agnew Doesn't Like Factual Version A Pretty Tune (In The Dark) Everyone stems, to feel that Bob Riley, th* lieutenant-governor, is a figure deserv- JM mor* of sympathy than respect in the fevernor 1 * race. The spotlight is securely focused on former governor Orval Faubus Â·ad ex-congressman David Pryor, as acknowledged front-runners. Riley, meanwhile, is mentioned mostly for having had heart surgery, just as the campaign was beginning. "He's a good man," we hear it said. "Too bad he didn't have his health for the race." Without making a lot of ruckus, though, Mr. Riley has staged a very timely convales- etnce, and is going about the business of conducting HIS kind of campaign. And he deserves great credit for both the style tod substance of his remarks. He sets a better example of rational, unadorned common sense discussion of state and local issues than either of his opponents. . We realize, of course, that Mr. Riley is under less pressure than his opponents, to squeeze out the last possible vote -- he isn't regarded as having any sort of chance, and thus presumably can take a more relaxed, rtali;tic approach to the art (and truth) of politics. Add to this, Mr. Riley's expertise on the Â·abject -- him being a college professor of political science, and all -- and it is clear Â·sough why his campaign has both style Art Buchwald and substance, even though under-publicized and meagerly financed. Finances, as a case in point, caught the lieutenant-governor's attention in a talk down in Fort Smith a few days ago. Mr. Riley lamented today's trend toward the "marketing of candidates," like a brand name on a commercial product. He lamented, too, the ease with which voters can become enamored of the tinsel and glitter of an ad campaign to the extent that they never look behind the facade to see what it really stands for. Mr. Riley suggests eventual public financing of campaigns, with strict spending limitations. Voter education is necessary to any campaign, he concedes, but too much money can also corrupt the process. In keeping with his views, Mr: Riley is conducting a low-key campaign, elaborating on philosophical questions of good, government (as well as specific proposals, in such areas as taxation and the environment). He'll wind up third in the three-man race, too, we imagine. But that, in itself, will help prove part of what he is telling the voters -- high-powered advertising techniques are having too much of an influence on our system of self-government. The average citizen, financed by family and friends, is pragmatically whistling in the dark if he decides to seek public office. The Great Jewel Heist Â·r ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- "Dick. wh*r* is my matched set of Â·nerald and diamond necklace and earrings? The last lime I iaw them they wtre here in th* safe." "Uh, uh, uh, T think they ar* Â·rcr in the chief at protocol's *Ke*. Pat." , '"What is my Jewelry doing " *'W*ll, T don't know how lo tall yeu this, but they're not jour j*wels." "You didn't sell Ihem to pay our back taxes did you?" "No, Pat. You see those jewels were given lo us by the Saudi Arabian royal family." "But you told me that you gave me the necklace and earrings For my birthday." "I did not. I distinctly remember saying that I could give them to you for your birthday -- but it would be wrong." "That isn't what you said at all. Dick, anrl you know it. You said that someone had offered From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Wiitftlow voters yesterday approved a proposed reclassifi- Â«*tion ordinance which will Â·MM* thtm to become a city Â·f the second class. The vole was Kuht, but the margin of : victory was overwhelming -- 26 to 1. BÂ«v White, recently crowned Miss Fayctteville. in the Jay- Â«Â·Â· sponsored pageant, will pre- MBi the awards at the first 50 YEARS AGO Charles Birchfield, deputy Â· sheriff, living near Strickler, who was shot down yesterday Â· by the Prairie Grove hank robbers, will live unless complications set in, according to Dr. E. G, McCormick. The robberi have stolen another car and are Mirved to be headed for liloam Springs. The last showing of the great film "The Hunchback of Notre DÂ«m*," it :et for tonight and 100 YEARS AGO The next concert for .the benefit of the University Band will be given at the Hall at th* University on Saturday trtning. June 6th. Prof. Botefuhr informs -us that the pro- framme it one of the best yet presented. Admission - 25 cents. annual Junior Olympics Friday evening at Harmon Playfield. T h e federal government appears to be serious about considering the Missouri and" Arkansas 0/arks as a "second Appalachia." Information is being sought from the University of Arkansas following a proposal lo include the area in P r e s i d e n t Johnson's anti- p overly campaign. another capacity crowd is expected.- With thrills, emotion, humour, beautiful romance, the movie, adapted from Victor Hugo's classic of the Middle Ages, has scored what is perhaps the greatest success of any film shown here in years. Â· The opening of Riverside Park near G r e e n l a n d is announced and motor parties who desire to use the grounds may do so. The place selected for the Sunday School Pic-Nic to-day is on the Stcgall place, just west of town. Connor has opened up an Ice Cream saloon in Ihe back room of his grocery store. The room is fitted up [or lady visitors. They'll Do It Every Time I* IT MWUH6, THE CHWILKTOW, OB TUB TWWT? Hey; vrrus- TOON6TD J!!!iJP?Â£ m-teifie I oUWLIrv W-BCK 'LESfioe^ A8ALLCT SOttX: NOW I KMOtf WHESc. avis sor HIS SUMPS AN' USÂ£S A LITTLE 8CW ENGLISH, BUT VITUS S1VES IT THtWHOte. BRITISH EJW1AH.' to sell you the set for $52.000, and you could raise the money without any trouble at all. The question was not whether y o u should pay it, hut would the jeweler keep demanding more money later on. You said if it cost you more than $52,000, it would be wrong." "I DON'T CA'RE what I said. Pat. I still k n e w the jewels were given to us by the Saudi Arahians." "Why didn't you tell me that in the first place?" "National security. I couldn't let anyone know the Saudis harf given us jewels. If I did, the Swedish would start giving us jewels and there would be no end lo it." "You know, Dick, that's the only jewelry you ever gave me." "Now, Pat, slop crying. T remember the days when you were happy to wear a cloth coat." "It isn't the jewels, Dick -its's the fact that you misspoke. How can I believe in your credibility if you won't even tell me the t r u t h about my birthday present?" "It wasn't my f a u l t . Pat. If Maxiue Cheshire hadn't stuck her (expletive deleted) nose into the White House, no .0 n e would have known ahout the Saudi gift. Dnu't you see w h a t they're doing? They're out to destroy me." "I understand that, Dick. At the same lime it was wrong not to tell me who really gave us the jewels. It's almost immoral." "Immoral you say? Here comes Father McLaughlin, my Jesuit priest. Let's ask h i m . Father, do you think I did anything wrong in not telling Pat Ihe jewels I gave her came from Saudi Arabia?" .. "BLESS YOU, Mr. President. You did the right thing. It would have been immoral to tell her the t r u t h . "The Good Book s a y s 'He that deceiveth his wife is innocent of all deception, amen.' " "You see. Pal, even t h e church supports me." "Oh well, it's not important. But what do 1 tell Tricia? She thinks the diamond and emerald pin is hers." "Tell her we lost it." "Why don't we just tell her the Iruth?" "I'm sure Father McLaughlin has a good answer to that one. Pat. Father?" "It says in the Good Book, 'When an Arab king gives a gift of jewels, the price of oil goes up S10 a barrel.' Tell Tricia you lost it." "(C) 1974, LÂ« Angeles Times Bible Verse "Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me. arid understand that I am he: before mÂ« there was no God formed, neither shall there be a f t e r me." Isaiah 43:10 A wilness is to tell what he knows for sure. No preaching on earth can beat it. "I know in whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Former Vice President Spiro Agnew is trying to rewrite the history of his downfall. He has fired ofT a bristling protest to World Book encyclopedia over its account of his forced resignation. The respected encyclopedia factually reported in ils 1974 yearbook that Agnew resigned the vice presidency last October after having pleaded "no contest" to charges of income tax evasion. "In return for Agnew's resignation and no-contest plea to the tan-evasion charge." reported World Book, "the government agreed not to prosecute him for alleged acts of extortion and bribery.... "In a 40-page exposition of evidence, the government alleged that shortly after his election as executive of Baltimore County in 1962, Agnew began and directed a complex scheme to extort thousands of dollars from consulting engineers in M a r y l a n d . In return, he allegedly granted them profitable government contracts. "Allegedly. Agnew continued to operate the kickback scheme from 1962 through his two years as governor of Maryland and d u r i n g his f i r s t four years as Vice President." The Washington Merry-Go-Round The encyclopedia stressed thai Agncw "denied that he was guilty. He said that accepting 'contributions' while governor of Maryland was 'part of a long - established pattern' of political fund-raising in the stale." This history of Agncw's fall from power, although quite accurate, displeased Iho former Vice President. Angrily, he sent back his copy of the yearbook and demanded in an accompanying letter that the Agncw name be removed from the firm's mailing list. World Book officials refused to show us the Agnew letter, claiming it would be a "breach of confidence." Sources who have seen it, however, told us Agnew claimed the yearbook article was a distortion of the truth. He complained that he had been persecuted, that he had been found guilty of nothing. The entire case against him, he charged, was built upon the testimony of tainted men. The encyclopedia's account, added Agnew, reflected a leftist bias. It was a trait he found alt too common in the nation's news media, he protested. One source who saw Ihe lelter told us it was "very personal" and showed Agnew has a sour opinion of the press. World Book's summary of the Agnew affair went to press before Maryland judges ruled that he should be disbarred. The courts, apparently, agree with World Book. Footnote: The former Vice President, who is traveling in Terehan. couldn't be reached for comment. OIL RIP-OPP: T h e big oil companies h a v e demanded higher and higher gasoline prices to stimulate domestic production and to reduce U.S. dependence upon foreign imports. But a confidential study of Sen. Jim Abourezk. D-S.D., reveals that the excess profits have been going not into new oil wells but inlo Ihe pockets of the oil barons. . The senator has discovered that domestic oil production has gone down, not up. since prices began soaring. Far from encouraging greater production, his figures show, there has been a "total decline of 314.000 barrels per d a y " since May 1973, before the crisis. By holding back on domestic "It Looks More And More Like A Bird Of Prey" crude oil. the companies havÂ« kept the demand -- and. therefore, the prices -- sky high, Curtailing production also permits the oil. companies to adjust their profit level. When the public screams about exorbitant oil profits, the companies merely lower production. This reduces profits without losing them, since the oil remains in the ground for later sale at Pikes Peak prices. The Aboure7k study shnwi t h a t the cutback in oil production was most severe last November at the same time that the oil firms were calling for higher prices to encourags more production. The biggest firms were the worst offenders. Exxon. Texaco, Shell. Gulf, Mobil and Standard of California alone accounted for a production drop of 153,009 barrels a day in 1973. Nor have the oil companies been candid about prices. In 1972. the pro industry National Petroleum Council said the oil firms would be able to turn a good profit on oil in 1975 at J3.54 to $3.70 a barrel. Yet two years ahead of the prediction, the oil industry not only has surpassed but has doubled this price, with oil now selling at more than $7 a barrel. The promised exploration lo ease the energy crisis, meanwhile, still hasn't taken Based on his study, Abourezk plans to introduce a bill this week lo force a rollback in domestic crude prices to May 1973. Ho will he joined by other senators, who would permit price increases only if the companies could prove higher production costs. Reality Of A Divided Germany BONN, West Germany (ERR)' -- West Germany's constitution took effect 25 years ago --: on May 23. 1949. East Germany's constitution was adopted on* week later. From. The Readers Viewpoint "Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases." Psalms 103:3 In the plan of God. He has made provision for all Ihe needs of man. Happy is the person who simply takes God at His Word and (on all out to do Hi* will. Ignore-once To the editor: To my knowledge, none of the candidates for any major political office has addressed themselves to what is, perhaps, the most serious problem f a c i n g our country -- that is the problem of overpopulation. One reads occasionally an article which states that zero population growth has been achieved in this country, and overpopulation no longer constitutes a serious problem. However, figures recently released by the federal government for the year ending December 31, 1973 (a mere 4'/i months ago) indicate the following: Death rate -- 9.5 per 1000; birth rale -- 14.5 per thousand. This means t h a t during 1973, the population increased by five persons for every 1000 that was alive at the beginning of the year, or a population growth rate of 0.5 per cent per year. At that growth rate, the population would double in a little more than 125 years. While our population is growing less fast than it was ten years ago. I m a i n t a i n t h a t zero population growth has NOT yet been reached. And the way we consume resources in this country, any additions to the population create additional environmental problems. The many political candidates for Ihe various offices speak at length about the symptoms of this problem: the "energy crisis", polution, i n f l a t i o n , the decay of our larger cities into slums and ghettocs, and so on. But they seem to ignore Ihe source of all these ailments. I suppose it would be political suicide for a candidate to propose population control measures, but our so-called leaders MUST face Ihis problem now -- for another few years of ignore-ance may set the situation get completely out of hand. Jeffrey B. Moran Fayetteville. Knows Not . . . To the Editor: At Trii Coffin pointed out in bit W a s h i n g t o n Watch, reprinted in the Times (May 15). the Bumpers campaign is modeled a f t e r the Nixon 1S72 efforts. "Rmnpers plays Ihe serene governor, attending to state business, with a last minute blilz. This is carefully designed to show him off as h a n d s o m e , young, sincere, earnest. It is the modern con game, the 20th century dema- gogucry, combining the lessons of the psychology laboratory on human motivation with TV, a. good looking face, and an ad man's slogans." In his vision and integrity, the Senator has made powerful enemies, and they have been waiting for a chance lo slug him. "Now they work behind the scenes to give aid and comfort to his rival. They are for the old Cold War lobby, or what Eisenhower called "the military-industrial complex." A new c h a i r m a n will t u r n the Foreign R e l a t i o n s Committee over lo S e n a t o r Sparkman of Alabama, a confirmed hawk and reported friend of the multi-national corporations. "Under Nixon the mulli-nationals have gained an i n s i d e track o n foreign policy..... It w i l l change the nature of the Foreign Relations Committee from that of probing questioner of Administration policy, with its hearings investigations and staff studies, to mute observer of the scene.. "It will remove from Congress one of the few members who understand what is going ' on in the world loday. the intricate and fragile relations between stales, the danger of w a r . springing up in half a dozen places, the possibility of Armageddon." Tris Coffin remembers the Senator best at the Vietnam hearings in February 1966. as he leaned forward and said to Secretary Rusk: "All I am pleading with you and have been awkwardly I think -- is that this isn't the kind of conflict that warrants a vast acceleration of money and many thousands of deaths, t think it is not that kind of vital interest, and I can cite many other instances. I also think that the treat countries, especially thil country, u quit* atronft Â·nouib to engage in a compromise without losing its standing in the world and without losing its prestige as a great nation." Tris Coffin also lias the memory of a lalk with the Senator in his office one summer afternoon after President Johnson had stepped up the w a r . In his gentle voice, wilh the soft Southern accent, the Senator said: "I am very concerned about my country. I have never felt Ihis Way before. 1 wake up al night, and I think we are capable of so much progress, so much good, and we toss away men. money, resources. good will. like pennies, into a savage war for what? "If the Great Society had stuck lo its goals, it could have been Ihc beginning of the golden age of America. With the money we are spending in Viet- n a m , as well as the creative energy, we could build a magnificent system of education, make a real dent in the illness of poverty and the cilies, and cure the pollution of our walcr and air. "When a nation goes to war, justly or unjustly, the leaders use this as an excuse to shut off debate and dissent and create the uniformity of the graveyard." We have been emerging from this deadly uniformity. But Dale Bumpers says that what this country needs is leadership. More "leadership." Under the influence of his mentors, in his new-found ambition, he sees himself as The Man on the While Horse. He would displace one who has vision, one who has integrity, who could not be corrupted, one who has the element of greatness in htm. It is a crucial election, a test of American democracy. We are at the crossroads. Can a statesman and quiet philosopher survive in the jungle of our politics? Or, will it be the signal, heard around the world, of perilous throwback into an ever expanding crisis o f ' unlimited ramifications. The best that can be said for Dale Bumpers is that he knowi not what it represents, Ella Pot** Winslow IT IS NOW a quarter-century since Germany was formally divided into two nations, one allied with the free nations of the West and the other lied to the Communist bloc. B o t h halves of the war-shattered nation were then regarded wilh deep suspicion, even by their allies. In Uie years since 1349. the status of the two Gcrmanys has changed beyond recognition. East is Ihe leading industrial power of its section of Europe, and the animosities dating from World War II have receded. But the overriding reality is Unit Germany is still a nation divided, and is likely to remain so for the indefinite future. The recent resignation of Willy Brandt as West German chancellor is sure lo slow the drive he initialed for improved relations between Ihe Gcr- manys. Brandt slopped clown after it was disclosed thai one of his closesl aides. Gucnter Guillaume, was an East Germany spy. Bonn marie known its displeasure by postponing the nresenlalion of credential.'! by E a s t and West German diplomatic representatives. WITH T11K PASSAGE at time, it is easy lo forget Ihat the two Gernianys came inlo being almost by chance. The division of Germany inlo four zones of occupation, and of Berlin into four sectors, hart been agreed upon before Ihe war ended. However, the country and the city were lo he treated as a single economic unit. It did not work put that way, of course. The Soviet occupation authorities clashed repeatedly with their American, British and French counterparts. When the Russians imposed the Berlin blockade in 1948, altitude] hardened on both sides and the r i v a l German republics werÂ» horn. For a long lime afterwards, tho idea of German reconciliation seemed inconceivable. Konrad Af'enaucr in West Germany and Waller Ulbricht in Eas't Germany each claimed thai his was the only legitimate government. In addition, the 1950s and early 19fiO? \\cre punctuated by a sccminglv endless scries of Berlin crises, capped by the erection in 19fil of the Berlin Wall. THE ACCESSION of Brandt as chancellor in 19H9 brought a sharp shift in West German foreign policy. Only a week aflcr taking office, he said: "Twenty years aflcr the rounding of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (Easl Germany), we must prevent a further growing apart of the German nation, so that we can come together in regulated neighborliness." In pursuance of this policy, Brandt pressed for and got a treaty a f f i r m i n g the inviolability of East Germany's borders with West Germany and Poland. A subsequent friendship treaty paved the way for entry of both Germsnys into the United Nations. Because of the Guillaume a f f a i r , the new Wesl German government is expected to deal more cautiously with East Germany and other nations of the Communist bloc. But Brandt's Ostpolitik has come under heavy fire even before (he scandal broke. Critics charged that (he chancellor had litlle to show in return for his concessions to the Communists and that he should have been mor* concerned with domestic issues like inflation. History will ihow who was right.