Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 19, 1974 · Page 5
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 5

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 19, 1974
Page 5
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NoHhwMt Aricanm TIMES, Sun., May 19, 1974 rAVITTCVILLI, MKJkNfA*- · An Oil Company Looks At: Big Cars And The Oil Crisis By PEGGY KRIZZELL TIMES Staff Writer A regular size automobile "with its average 1,3 passengers per car was shown to be one of the most energy-consumptive .modes of transportation in a .study conducted by the Shell ;Oil Company. In its paper, "The National Energy Problem: Potential "Energy Savings," "Shell Oil Company experts compared several means of transportation in terms of the average number of passengers for each and the amount o f . BTU's (British Thermal Units) burned per passenger mile. The regular size auto that gets less than 20 miles per gallon burns 10.4 thousand .BTU's per passenger mile. Only the SST (Supersonic Transport) : plane with its average occu pancy of 150 persons consumes "more BTU's per passenger mile. The SST uses 11.4 thousand BTU's per mile. Shell's report asserts that the biggest potential energy savings n transportation could be et- ected by substituting compact and sub-compact cars for the standard size vehicle. During the first five months of 1973, the trend leaned toward he purchase of smaller cars with the auto industry reporting 59 per cent of new car sales were in the smaller-lhan- slandard categories and 38 per cent of sales were in the compact and smaller classes. SMAM, CARS The use of very small cars that obtain 35 to 45 miles per gallon fuel would bring about even greater energy savings according to the report. Since more than half the auto trips now made are of less than five miles, these smaller cars coulc carry one or two persons in commuting or errand trips. In Shell's survey, sub compact sized cars (20 miles per gallon or more) with I.I passengers burned an average thousand passenger mile. small car category, gasoline- d r i v e n vehicles with 1.3 passengers burned 2.1 thousand STU's per mile and electric cars burned 1.6 thousand BTU's er mile. From this the report eludes that very small BTU's In the per very compete favorably with energy efficient modes of transportation such as buses and trains. Recognizing the fact that switching to the use of very {mall cars would mean a maje lifestyle change for manv Americans, the report suggests that such a change might come about only if fuel costs substantially incerase or if the government takes action. A widespread switch to smaller cars could negatively affect the labor forces, greatly reducing their activity since smaller cars would contain less steel, plastic, paint and other materials, the report noted, W A L - M A R T DISCOUNT CITY WAL-MART GIGflNTIC Also, the auto industry would need an estimated four years o adapt plant equipment and i r o d u c t i o h procedures to smaller cars. TWO ALTERNATIVES Shell's report lists these "two alternatives to the large-scale introduction of very small cars: Providing incentive f q r or requiring all cars eventually to obtain at least 20 miles per gallon and -- or providing incentive for or requiring a manufacturer's "average" car to get at least 20 miles per gallon. Estimated savings in crude oil from either of these alternatives could reach more than two million barrels per_day by .990, the report said. A combination of very small cars and vehicles obtaining 20 miles per 'But Will It Play In Peoria?' By Phone From Washington The Lowell Weicker Show By FREDERICK I,. BERN'S TIMES Washington Bureau ' WASHINGTON -- Tanned and · relaxed, Lowell P. Weicker strolls into his office prepared ·. for his conference with 60 persons he has never met and probably never will. "Who do we have today?" the Connecticut Republican asks as he sits down in the chair facing the telephone in the corner. "A public affairs class at Mark T. Sheehan High School,^ an aide responds. "It's Wallingford." The aide picks up the plionc and dials the school 317 miles away. Minutes later, from the other end. is the voice of . boy with a question. "Good morning Senator, the . boy says. "Good morning." "Arc yon going lo run for president?" It is the kind of question lha ' Weickor has confronted a lot ' lately when, from his air con dilioned office here, he conducts ' "lelelecturcs" before audiences there -- in Connecticut. For nearly two years Weicker has been participating · in the telephone conference sessions with high school and senior citizens groups. He is on of a handful of senators ant " congressmen that conducts the weekly sessions. ' If, in lire beginning, his home stale audiences didn't know tin 43-year-old Greenwich attornej · they dn now. 'All summer thej · read about his activities on th Select Senate Committee t investigate the Watergate r fair. All summer they watchet · him and heard him speak of po . litical espionage cireiilatm- . around the White House. · And now Ihey address hir as more than their senator Thev address him as the ma · from theid stale who m a someday P^sic'cnl. : FREQUENT QUESTION :· "I've been asked thn question ever since Watergate, ' Weicker says, leaning fnrwar · to direct his response lo th : speaker near the phone 1m · not considering anything else in : - 1976 except running for senator '· of Connecticut." The words roll out smoothly, . booming off walls covered with ngagement in Bermuda, looks omfortablo. "What about the effects of ihe cccnt special elections on cpublican candidates?" a girl jquires. 'Republicans must say they ol only deplore Watergate," Senator responds, "but that ; deplore Ihe handling of VatcrgiUe." One after another. Ihe Senar fields Ihe questions mooihiy as a shortstop fields grounder, as glibly as a norning disk Jockey Transportation Program Gets $500 The transportation program .1 liic University of Arkansas College of Business Administra ion 1ms received a $500 under- raduate scholarship from the '·arrison Motor Freight. Inc. of Harrison, according to Dr. Charles Oxford, interim presi lent of the UA. The scholarship is lo be awarded to an undergraduate studenl majoring in trans portation who has an interes motor transportation, ac cording to Dr. Grant M. Davis Oren Harris Professor of Trans portation in the College of Busi less Administration. Phosphorus Handbook WACO, Tex. (AP) -- Jca Morgan Spencer, assistant prc fessor of geology at Baylor Uni vcrsity. is one of four editors o a recently published book. "Th Environmental Phosphoru Handbook." The book compiles articles o phosphorus by 41 authors from as far away as Japan, Rome Africa, Canada and Switze land and from the Unite Stales. Mrs. Spencer said the book designed to present the opinion and findings of specialists i various scientific felds on th subject of phosphorus. Wrtlen chiefly (or scienlisl and nags and ,,,,,.«,. .. is a cmfortable · office, with thick red carpeting fireplace and shelves ·' photgraphs trinkets. It ·nd a fflled with encyclopedias. And Lowell Weicker, tanned ' Irom « weekend sneaking and government officials intc ested in the effects of pho phorus on our environment, th book explores all aspects of ih mineral, including how and what forms phosphorus reache the earth, the weathering phosphorus, phosphorus depo its and how to prospect f Ihcm. phosphorus in oceans an compound* of phosphnH. Should Nixon be impeachec really can't discuss that. The juse Judiciary Committee ust make that decision." Who re you endorsing in the guber- torial race in Connecticut? 'm not getting involved." They are, for the most part, icnclly queslions -- questions at the .senator, sitting in his .irtsleevcs and sipping a soft ·ink. iias heard before. Then, at last, Weicker lallengcd. "Good morning, Senator," lys the voice through the peaker on the table. "Why are u so obsessed wilh criticizing ixon? Why don't j'ou get on ilh other business?" A Weicker aide, looking up uddenly from the Watergate ·anscripts she was reading on te sofa, appears as if she asn't ready for a question like hat. The senalor, gazing at the 'ooden ducks on the wooden II, appears as if he was. "i just don't want to let the resident set forth a policy hich allows polilics In Ihe utlcr." He pauses, to let the 'ords sink in, to gaUier h i s lotights. "If the White House had told he truth, there wouldn't have seen any Watergate hearings. The White House is draggin. gallon "or better might save about 3.2 million barrels per day by 1990, according to the report. The report' listed several factors 'affecting the car's fuel economy. Lighter car bodies and parts, smaller and more efficient engines, improved body aerodynamics and ' tire design would increase mileage per gallon of gas'. The report also ' noted 'that emission controls affect both the car's weight and engine p e r f o r m a n e e , causing Shell's opinion, an estimated 2C to 23 .-per- cent drop- in fuel economy. ' The . report ,, stated that the introduction of models with reduced -weight and increased efficiency "should at least partially offset the effects of emission controls and power accessories on total motor fuel consumption." BETTER FUEL The report also indicated the development of a gasoline (hat produced fewer emissions and fewer carburetor deposits would increase performance and ' fuel economy. Proper driving and car maintenance habits would also add to increased mileage per gallon. While the report admits, .the d i f f i c u l t y o f accurately irojecting the potenlial^savings f commuters formed car pools, t points out that a United States Department of Transportation survey estimated 68 per cent of all private commuter vehicles-carry only the driver: The same survey also estimalci that 34 .per cent of all. car- driven Tniles were in commuting. While the report studied rail ind .fixed guidance transit systems and concluded that t'h e s e friight "substantially reduce the demand for'gasoline by taking commuters out of automobiles, it recognized that these type systems to be sue cessful ..would require strong niblic "support, -large capital nvestments. and federal assistance in the form of research, subsidies and tax incentives. Although such systems.would is energy-efficient. at rush hours, their overall efficiency would be diminished, Shell decided, because they most ikely would carry a minimum number of passengers at other limes and because there is a 70 per cent efficiency loss in converting^ fossil fuels to electricity the trains. An urban monorail was estimated to burn 3.1;thousand BTU's per passenger mile. THEY LIKE BUSES The survey viewed the use of urban buses -- which use gasoline or diesel fuel -- as a means of saving much energy at a relatively modest capital cost. Figuring t h a t an urban bus loaded with an average 12 passengers burns 3.1 thousand BTU's per mile, the report estimated that if half the commuters now using cars switched to urban buses. 500,000 barrels of crude oil per day would be saved by 1930. On Shell's energy consumption chart, highway buses, wilh an average passenger load of 22, , averaged and BTU's he matter out. We've spent 85 ier cent of our legislative time n non-Watergate matters -- ike transportation, housing and pace. I voted on 500 non- Watergate issues last year." POPULAR ANSWER Some 317 miles away, they ike the answer. Over the tcle- ihone receiver, you can hear jed consuming 0.9 thousand BTU's per passenger mile. Minibuses, carrying an average of seven persons, burn 0.7 thousand BTU's per mile. In the energy consumption survey, airline planes proved ess efficient t h a n very small cars, buses and the urban monorail, in part due to the average passenger load being about 55 per cent of the plane's capacity. A private plane whether one or two engine unspecified -with :hree passengers was the most energy-efficient means of air travel studied with 3.4 thousand BTU's burned per .passenger mile. N T ext in efficiency was the Jumbo' jet (B-7-17). With an average passenger load of 200, the jet burns about 4.2 thousand BTU's per passenger mile, according to the Shell report. JET USE COST A regular jet such as a DC 8. carrying 80 passengers, burns 6.3 thousand BTU's per mile. While Ihe oil company's report showed buses to Iw the most energy-efficient modes of he contented murmur. H was a direct hit for Ihe WE SELL FOR LESS WAL-MART Discount City Health Beauty Rids DISCOUNT COUPON S A T I S F A C T I O N ^ G U A R A N T E E D , Southgate Shopping Center Sale Starts; Monday Ends Wednesday SALE N Fantastic Savings On Famous Brands You Know A Senalor. Their home slate pres- denlial candidate of the future. The last minules are a Breeze. The queslions are oolite ;"Will your honesty during Watergate affect your standing n the Republican party?") the atmosphere is friendly- Finally the conference Is over. Weicker thanks his audience for questions that were 'right on the nose" and urges transportation, the two-horsepower motorcycle (averaging 160 miles per gallon) with one rider also proved very efficient. Is average number BTU's Mimed per passenger mile was 8 thousand. Tlie report concluded t h a t the argest potential energy savings ies in transportation. But the savings depends largely acceptance and the group to let what's on its mind. him know Two receivers 317 miles away click, and the Lowell Weicker show is over. Hut only temporarily. Next week there will be an o t li e r chat wilh anothc" audience -- and more question- from persons wondering if thei *pn*tnr tvIM rim far nrr^Mm' public willingness of Americans to ulapt to some major lifestyle changes. Basing projections on a high degree of public acceptance and on Ihe likelihood of government controls, the -report estimated that by 1990 the equivalent of itWLit 36 million barrels crude oil. per day could-be saved il Americans switched lo compact :md very-small cars, rode buses, and loaded airplanes to -it least an ftO p^r ren Discount Coupon ALBERTO BflLSflm Shampoo Discount Coupon 7Oz.Slze Clairol iCosmeticsl Our Complete Selection Wilh Ttili Coupon I WlthThlt 1 Coupon Unit I I Expl«» n-22-74 2O% OFF Wai-mart Reg. Discount Price 5-22-7.1 Discount Coupon RISE Shave Cream Reg. or Menthol Reg. 93c Discount Coupon RIGHT GUARD Gillette Right Guard flnti-PewpIfont - Powder j Natural Scent 8 Oz. Size YOUR CHOICE LIMIT 1 With This I Coupon limit 1 With This Coupon 5-22-74 · n-22-7.' baby. JOHNSON BABY POWDER 24 Oz..... BRBY LOTION 13 9Oz. 82c BRBY OIL lotion lOOz. 4Oi. With Th I. 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