Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 12, 1974 · Page 4
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May 12, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, May 12, 1974
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J£artf)toe£t Editorial-Opinion Poge The Public Merest h The First Concern Oj This newspaper 4A 0 SUNDAY, MAY 12, 1974 Pennzoil S//ps 'Quick One' Past FPC Slowly.... Toward A Crescendo The vantagepoint of Northwest Arkansas, in an assessment of state political campaigns, is precarious at best. This area is too isolated from social, economic and geographic interests of east and south Arkansas to get much of a feel for broad trends and patterns of developing sentiment. There is a closer connection, probably, with Little Rock and central Arkansas, through the ongoing processes of state government. Even in this connection, though, there is a 200-mile ga| between the moods and concerns of this corner of the stale and those in the vicinity of the capital. So we recognize the pitfalls of any discussion of the political landscape, as it seems to exist with only about two weeks remaining before the preferential primary. There are a few things that might properly be said, however. It seems to us that the race between Sen. Bill Fulbright and Gov. Dale Bumpers offers the one spark of warmth in a campaign season so far distinguished mostly by yawns. This is true more because the race matches the governor against an incumbent senator, than as a vehicle for enlightened debate. As we see it, the senate race has oozed its way into a question of whether Sen. Fulbright's distinguished record of service, and his accrued experience and influence, will mean enough on voting day to swing the votes of those who feel that their ill- defined but palpable disenchantment with "government" can best be expressed negatively at the polls. With a vote, that is, against the incumbent. This is a dicy proposition, at best, for Sen. Fulbright, but historically an appeal to the voters' best instincts, which is presently the heart of Sen. Fulbright's campaign, becomes more effective the closer you get to election day. Thus, the crucial switch -- and the ultimate outcome -- is yet to be decided. In the governor's race, ex-congressman David Pryor is running what appears from a distance to be an old-style campaign against ex-governor Orval Faubus, the king of old-style politicians. Among some of Mr. Pryor's boosters the saying is that "if there's a way he can lose, he'll find it," a sentiment born of heart-breaking defeat at the hands of Sen. McClellan two years ago. The lines of support on this race appear to be quite firm, and near equal. Some 10 to 15 per cent, perhaps, may wind up voting for the third candidate, Lt. Gov. Bob Riley. If this is the case, there will probably be a run-off, which could change things, Early signs, though, have and continue to point to Pryor. Probably in the preferential. The lieutenant-governor's race is typical of the hush surrounding the political scene this spring. Most voters,- we think, know there is a race under way for lieutenant-governor, but not one in 10 can name the candidates. If that be true, statewide, the recognition advantage held by former attorney general Joe Purcell will see him through easily. In the four-way battle for Democratic nomination for Third District congressman, the situation appears to have changed very little since the race started. Each of the four candidates remains strong in his home bailiwick, and each appears to be running sideways everywhere else. Since Jim Scanlon and David Stewart seemed at the start to have the longest way to go, there is a good chance they still hold those positions. A run-off seems certain in this race, however, so second place is almost as coveted as a prize as first. Particularly for those who may rank third and fourth at the moment. Besides that, the real significance of the race is probably tied to the heat that can be generated during the two-week run-off campaign. It will be in that crucible that the nominee will forge much of his chances against incumbent Rep. John Hammerschmidt in November. From. Oar Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO The cily council last night took steps to prohibit parking on 15 city streets and refused to issue a building permit for construction at the Washington County Sale Barn. A price war on milk was underway In Northwest Arkansas this morning, starting Friday when stores in Fayetteviue 50 YEARS AGO The Ku Klux KUn Is working on the mysterious and brutal a t t a c k or an unknown whitn man on one of Fayetteville's fair young matrons here Friday night. Other young women of the city are being armed by their menfolk and instructed to shoot to kill at the slightest sound around premises when th cy a re forced to be alone after dark. 100 YEARS AGO The representatives and attorneys of the contesting governors in .Arkansas held a consultation al Washington l a s t Saturday and a plan of settlement was agreed upon, proposing that the Legislature should make a full and fair investigation. Baxter refused the s e t t l e m e n t ; Gov. Brooks and Springdale posted lowered milk prices. At Fayetteville the going price was 19 cents a half gallon. The Fayettcvillc Evening Lions Club last night took a look at the city's new jail, police and municipal court building. The U of A at last holds a track record t ii r o u g h the remarkable performance last Saturday at the Southwest Conference meet of Glenn Mussellman. the little Razorback distance star. The baccalaureate services for the Senior Class of the high school were held at the Central Presbyterian Church yesterday morning, with Dr. M.L. Gillespie delivering the sermon. agreed. The friends of the Federal dead will decorate the graves at the National Cemetery in this city on Saturday, May 30. We have enjoyed several refreshing showers this week; everything looks as sweet ai a fresh-blown nose. They'll Do It Every Time WH£N THE R)N60£S ENTERTAIN/THe HOUSE LOOKS UKE FACT02y-. A Matter Of Degree Believe it or not, pro football coach Don Shula, Walter Lippmann. Ramsey Clark, Gen Douglas MacArthur, Herbert Hoover. Car] Sandburg, educator Nicholas Murray Butler and Harry Theodore, a hot dog and ice cream vendor, have something in common. That something is at least one honorary degree. For the 202nd consecutive year, colleges and universities throughout the country will be presenting thousands of these degrees to the famous and not-so-famous at commencement ceremonies. The awarding of honorary degrees is no simple matter. According to The Wall Street Journal (May 18. 1973). it is "a routine that got started in (his country in 1692 by Harvard University and has been growing in size, scope and complexity ever since. H involves scores of educators, students, trustees, alumni, degree-seekers and countless others in lengthy, time-consuming deliberations that are guaranteed to alternately bore, excite, please or infuriate someone." Honorary degrees are supposedly awarded to persons who have made an outstanding contribution to mankind. Some recipients' contributions have been less t h a n outstanding. In 1722, Yale gave an English barber named Daniel Turner an honorary M.D. degree. Turner, who had hoped this document would persuade the Royal Academy of Physicians to admit him. gave Yale a portrait of himself and 50 books. Turner never made the Royal Academy, but Yale still has the portrait and books. During the 19th century, colleges routinely gave degrees to alumni w h b could and would contribute large sums of money to their alma mater. Cynics question or even ridicule the importance of honorary degrees. So do many recipients. Walter Lippmann. who has received at least 20. insists that honorary degrees 'a're not all bad and they're not all not bad. They're just not that important." But for all the abuse that has been heaped upon t h e s e awards, many potential recipients tend to look more kindly to the honorary sheepskin that one they have to work Tor. Bible Verse "He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the Lord; and that which he hath given will he repay him again." Proverbs 19:17 The Lord presents Himself many times in the form of the poor and needy. Happy is the man who recognizes Him. Be generous to those in need, you will in no wise lose your reward. "Give and i« shall be given unto you." 87 JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The Penn- zoi] company, whose president sent {700,000 to Washington in · company plane for the 1972 Nixon campaign, has slipped a natural gas bonanza through the federal bureaucracy with bewildering speed. The unusual deal has been secretly criticized in Federal Power Commission documents as a potential "disaster," a "systematic corporate raid" and a probable violation of federal regulations. It will tap millions from the pockets of housewives, small businessmen and others who depend on natural gas in the South, East and Midwest, the memos indicate. Yet except for a gutsy FPC lawyer, few in government seem to care. In simplest terms, Pennzoil Is using a complicated stock scheme to spin off United Gas Pipe Line Corp., which services, directly or indirectly, much of the Eastern United States. Unless United is in sound financial condition, rates, will go up and services will go down. The Pennzoil plan is the pride and joy of its president, William Liedtke, who collected S7QO.OOO in cash and negotiable securities from secret Nixon campaign contributors. He stuffed it ail into a suitcase in Houston and had it flown under cover of night to Nixon headquarters in Washington. But $700,000 is chicken feed compared to the figures involved in the Pennzoil natural gas deal. In fact, so important is it to the consumer, that the FPC's assistant general counsel, George Lewnes, suggests the commission quickly reverse the deal. The Washington Merry-Go-Round A l r e a d y . Lewnes' many memos point out. the Securities and Exchange Commission has let the scheme go through with only a disclosure of its terms. Actually, the SEC was lucky to get even that in the face of Pennzoil's powerful legal assault team. At the SEC, Pennzoil's case was handled by the prestigious Baker and Bolts law firm. One of Baker and Bolts' lawyers working on filings was Gordon Gooch. FPC's former general counsel. At the KPC, chances for action are also in question. One FPC commissioner, Rush Moody Jr., was personally championed for his job by Pennzoil's Liedtke. Nevertheless, FPC lawyer Lewnes. in his memos to the commissioners, urges strong action to protect natural gas users: "The spin-off of United appears to be one final step in a systematic corporate raid by Pennzoil of United's assets, which may result in detriment not only to United, but to its many consumers," he writes. "It was the congressional intent...to prevent practices such as United and Pennzoil have incestpusly utilized...." Even "standing alone." writes Lewnes, the spin-off "may be a...violation" of federal power regulations. "Without doubt, after the spin-off is complete, United's financial position will be impaired." the veteran FPC a s s i s t a n t general counsel asserts. The result "could be disastrous" What will happen, he predicts, is that if United does get financing high interest will drive its rates up. If it does no;, there will "unquestionably (be) abandonmenl of some facilities and service...along the already beleagurered United system." The memos then warn the commissioners that "because of this domino effect, the spin-off should be investigated" and at least temporarily frozen to pre- venl "a giganlic abandonment of an entire system of Penn- zoil." F o o t n o t e : Reached i n Houston, Liedtke told us there is "absolutely no connection" between his help to Nixon and approval of the spin-off which he described as totally proper. "I'm shocked by your call," he said. Liedtke said he has not spoken with Commissioner Moody since he took office. Lewnes refused comment on the memos. Gopch told us FPC has no jurisdiction in the case. I N S I D E IMPEACHMENT: Vice President Gerald Ford has become involved behind the scenes in the politics of impeachment. Sources close to the House impeachment proceedings tell us that the Vice President's office has kept in close contact with Sam Garrison, the Republican staff man who was hired to obstruct President Nixon's impeachment. Garrison has denied that he is obstructing the House Judiciary Committee's investigation. He has contended that we have confused obstruction with opposition. But committee sources say he was hired for the principal purpose of delaying, harassing 'Boss, It's Not Flying'' State Of Affairs Years Brown' By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON - The occasion was so momentous that one member of the Supreme Court -- the late Justice Robert Jackson -- even left his hospital bed to make sure the full court- was present when the revolutionary edict on "Brown vs. Board of Education" was handed down 20 years ago this month. On that memorable Monday morning (May 17, 1954) the then chief justice, Earl Warren, stated the unanimous opinion of the court briefly and simply: "Separate educational facilities aye inherently unequal . . . such segregation is a denial of the equal protection of the laws (guaranteed by the 14th Amendment)." The court had outlawed, or thought it had, the racial segregation of U.S. schools. Others hailed it as the most important American governmental act of any kind since the Emancipation Proclamation. A n g r y Southern politicians, however, more realistically predicted "a generation of litigation." From the vantage point of the 20th anniversary of the court's action, it is impossible For many of the leaders of the legal fight to look back over the record of the intervening years without conflicting emotions. They have good reason to rejoice over the progress that has been made, but good reason as well for lamenting that there has not been more. THE LATEST figures of the Health, Education and Welfare Department, for example, show that nearly two-thirds of the nation's black students are still attending schools that are overwhelmingly black. On the other hand, 2.5 million black pupils are attending majority-white schools, which is an increase of nearly 1 million in the last five yean. Moat of the change, statistically, it Uut, has beta in tit* South, where court decrees have notably increased the number of desegregated black students from 18 per cent in 1968 to 46 per cent today. Back in I9ol. less than 1 per cent o f blacks attended predominantly white schools in the South. But, as Alex Poinsett ob- -erves in an eloquent, penetrating study published by Ebony magazine, "Quantitative shifts in decimal points on HEW's computers have not necessarily produced qualitative changes in the schools." Black pupils, he reports, "have been restricted to segregated classrooms within allegedly desegregated schools, and have been victimized by such other 'second-generation' problems as separate bell systems for calling black a n d " white children to classes, segregated buses and segregated extracurricular activities." All too often Poinselt finds faculty and staff members so assigned as to leave schools unmistakably identifiable as black or white. In short, allegedly de- Enough! To the Editor: May I ask that your readers write t o C o n g r e s s m a n Peter W. Rodino. Jr.. Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, suggesting that he now set to researching the vast amount of material furnished to him by the White House, including the privilege of listening to the tapes, and give us some relief from seeing him everyday on television. If he is truly interested in determining the guilt or innocence of "tie President, it would seem to any rational person that he has been adequately suuplied with all the necessary evidence. (Mrs.) P.R. Huntley segregated schools still operate on terms set by whites, governed by white rules and committed to perpetuating white values, attitudes and traditions. D e s p i t e such continuing resistance, the architect of the ' desegregation ruling, former Chief Justice Warren, is not discouraged. Now 83 and in retirement, Mr. Warren still takes the large view that he has always been noted for. In an anniversary interview in Ebon*' he says: "SO MANY PEOPLE, it seems to me, are inclined to judge the significance of 'Brown' in terms of the numbers of blacks and white together in public schools today But the effects of 'Brown' have : · a c h e d beyond the public school. Its byproducts have been great." And that is no exaggeration. The former chief justice cites the hundreds of blacks who have been elected to public office in recent years, including Tor- Bradley. whom Mr VV swore in as mayor of If ,'eles last year. The jurist also notes: "Law schools throughout the South have opened up. Transportation, restaurants, all public facilities are desegregated. Without 'Brown' none of that would ever have happened-" In short, he sees the 19a4 decision as the founda- non for the whole civil rights cause. e It's a cause that has unquestionably been retarded by the Nixon Administration's carefully planned slowdown, but Mr Nixon may not occupy th« White House much longer. Also another opponent. Gov. George Wallace, is cultivating black voters these days instead of denouncing them. So, once the controversial school bus'ng issue is resolved, the climate for further civil righU advarx*» could definitely improve C 1)74, and obstructing the Impeachment process. Committee sources also report that he has .been in "repeated" contact with th« Vice President's office. The day after the Watergata tapes were sent to the committee, for example, Garrison reportedly passed information to the Vice President. Later in the day, Ford launched into an unexpected and bitter attack on Albert Jenner, the senior Republican counsel. The Vice President, after information was slipped into his office from Garrison, grumped that "I don't like the attitude (Jenner) expressed when he was first appointed." Reporters, surprised to hear the Vice President attack the Republican counsel, pressed for specifics. "Well," said Ford, "he made some comments, I have forgotten precisely what. shortly after he was picked by the Republicans -- I think mistakenly. He made some comments about impeachment...and in addition, as I understand it, donated $1.000 to Sen. Adlai Stevenson's campaign fund." The timing and substance of F o r d ' s remarks strongly suggest that Garrison may have put the words in the Vice President's mouth. But the Vice President, through a spokesman, denied any connection between his comments and Garrison. Ford said he had not spoken with Garrison "for three months or more" but acknowledged that his assistant Walter Mote is in touch with Garrison. The two worked together for some tima on former Vice President Spiro. Agnew's staff. A committee spokesman told us that Garrison had not talked to the Vice President for months and that he had not violated the committee's rule against staff members discussing the impeachment with outsiders. Adjusting To Expense Of Living WASHINGTON (ERR) - The Bureau of Labor Slatistics will issue its Consumer Price Index for April on May 21. THE GOVERNMENT'S Consumer P r i c e Index (CPI) for April -- the last month of Phase IV economic controls -is virtually certain to be higher than that for March. For most workers, any upward movement of the CPI means a corresponding reduction in purchasing power. But not for all, Approximately 5.2 million workers receive automatic cost-of-living adjustments to protect their paychecks from the ravages of inflation. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, cost-of-living escalator clauses now cover about four million workers under major collective bargaining agreements in the private non-farm sector. An additional 600,000 production workers in n o n - u n i o n a n d small-union manufacturing p l a n t s a n d 00,000 postal service employes receive similar benefits. With the exception of some 115.000 workers tied to various Bureau of Labor Statistics' city indexes, workers are covered by clauses tied to the nationwide CPI. Around 1.4 million workers have escalator clauses providing for a minimum guarantee, while 1 million are protected by clauses which set'a maximum limit on increases. In addition, 857.000 workers have both minimum guarantees and maximum limits. IN T H I S PERIOD of "double-digit" inflation -- 10 per cent or more on an annual basis-workers are understandably eager to preserve or expand their cost-of-living protection. Bus drivers in the Washington, D.C., area recently went on strike for five days because the local transit authority wanted to submit their cost-of-living escalator to arbitration in negotiating a new contract. The drivers w e r e unimpressed by management's argument that retention of the escalator would account for $1.8 million of the bus system's projected $15.8 million deficit in the current fiscal year. In all, the wages of three million workers are scheduled for cost-of-living reviews in 1974. There is every indication that their respective unions will demand improved protection in this area. OPINION IS s h a r p l y divided on the merits of cost-of- living adjustments. Opponents contend that they generate inflationary pressure on prices and thus are self-defeating. D. Quran Mills, an associate professor of industrial relations at MIT, makes the further point that, "Once a price index has been established as a waga standard, its definitional limitations, its degree of subjectivity to manipulation, its degree of alleged bais, and other characteristics become a field upon which issues of wage stabil- zaticn may be contested." National Review recently slated the case in favor of cost- a b s e n c e of an escalator of - living escalators. "In t h · clause," the magazine stated, workers make an exaggerated guess about the future inflation rate and add it to the figure that they will accept without striking or qir' ing. The actual choice a not -etween a 4 per cent raise with and * 4 per cent raise without an escalator clause, but between a 4 per cent raise with an escalator and, say, a 15 per cent raise." Obviously, there it eon- «MeraHe room for honest disagreement here, as in any discussion of how to combat inflation. Cost-of-living escalators may not be the answer, hot try telling that to · workan ·to ban "

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