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tKtmcsi Editorial-Opinion Page Public Interett It The First Concern Of Thii Neu*paper 4 Â· SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1974 ' Union Members Endorse JWF - Gpv, Dale Bumpers haÂ« done very little, obviously, to alienate the affection of any substantial bloc of his constituents. It isn't too surprising, therefore, to find unions, school people and professional groups declining to endorse his opponent, Sen, Bill Fulbright, even though they do not endorse -.the governor, either. In such a fashion, however, the true measure of "representation" is watered down to soupy irrelevancy, We are pleased to note, in this connec- -tion, that while the union's state council isn't endorsing anyone, this Senate race, some union mernbers are. Contained in the - c u r r e n t issue of the official publication of the Brotherhood of Railway, Airline and Steamship Clerks and Order of Railway Telegraphers, is the following announce- ment; "BRAG (CRT) is backing Sen. J. William Fulbright in the primary election to be held in Arkansas on May 28. "A Democratic member of Congress for rnore than thirty years, Sen. Fulbrlght's position ON ISSUES OF IMPORTANCE TO WORKING PEOPLE clearly warrants this endorsement by BRAC (ORT) ..." The magazine goes on to say that on eight key votes in the 93rd Congress, Sen. Fulbright voted "right," eight times. The notable thing in this, it seems to us, is that almost all voters of Arkansas, if they will just take the time to examine the record, will find a similar preponderance of constructive representation on the side of the incumbent, Sen. Fulbright; Mr. Bumpers' bland agreeableness notwithstanding. Unthinking About The Alternative Ninety-nine-point-nine per cent of the speculation revolving around the presidency these days has to do with impeachment. What, though, is to be expected if the House refuses to approve articles of impeachment? likewise, what are the long-range implications of a victory for President Nixon in the Senate, if it comes to a showdown vote in the upper chamber of Congress? These are, apparently unthinkable thoughts for the present, because they sug- ? est something more profoundly disturbing nan impeachment. Absolving the President of his contemptuous treatment of Congress would be a precedent that Congress quite literally will not be able to survive with any thing like its constitutionally created equality, That is the opinion, at least of historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., writing in the cur- rent issue of Harper's Magazine. There are three things President Nixon has attempted to impose on Congress. These are matters that overlap impeachment consideration, because Mr, Nixon's "high crimes and misdemeanors" are not just Watergate, by any means. In addition to his Watergate performance, Mr. Nixon has sought to take away congressional control of the purse strings by impoundment; has diluted the power of oversight by expanded definitions of executive privilege; and in the matter of Cambodia, exercised the right to make war through secrecy. The dilemma facing even the most faithful of President Nixon's supporters today is the precedent they will set if they allow such bald attempts to subvert the Constitution to go unchallenged, at the time of impeachment voting. From Our Files; How Time Fliesi Bible Verse 10 YEARS AGp The University of Arkansas will honor Sen. J. W. Fulbnghl; Marvin Melton, a farmer and cattleman of Jopeshorp; and Dr. Benjamin R. Coonfie)d, a professor flt Brooklyn (N.Y.) College at its 9(Rh spring commencement ceremonies. John Browning of Little Hock 50 YEARS AGO Baccalaureate sermon for the high school will be delivered tomorrow at the Central Presbyterian Church by the pastor, the Rev. M. L. Gillespie. Hayman's straight pitching was too much for the Razor- backs'yesterday and in spite 100 YEARS AGO There appears to be no particular change in affairs at the capital since our last issue. Baxter has spirited away two of the Supreme Judges to prevent that court from pcting was elected President of the Arkansas Young Democrats .club Saturday at the club's convention here, Tha Veterans Administration hospital will open ils doors to the public tomorrow afternoon froni 2 to 4 p.m. in observance of National "Hospital Week. of the fact that Brown was at his best, the Varsity lost to the Oklahoma Aggies t\va to one. Music a,nd sermons commemorating Mothers Day will be given in practjtally every church in the city tomorrow. on the case. The indications are that King Ulysses will settle the dispute, as the last dispatches from Washington state thai the matter has been argued before the Cabinet. 'Â·The Ix)rd Gori ha(,h given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakenetb morning by. morning, he wakeneth mine ear la hear as the- learned." Isajqh 50:4 The truly wise will recognize where their wisdom comes from and if any Jack wisdom the Word says "let htm ask of the Lord who giveth to every man liberally." Be willing and ready "the HoSy Spirit will teach yon in the same hour what ye ought to say." "Jesus answered and said unto him. Verily, verily, I say unto thce, Except a nian foe born again, lie oannoi see the kingdom of Qod. M John 3:3 Changing your religion won't change anything that counts! Being regenerated t h r o u g h a Salvation experience changes everything. ''If any man be in Christ, He is a new creature, old things are passed away, behold all things are become new." "The Lord liveth- and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation," 2 Samuel 22:47 God is alive, awake, and on hand. "He t h a t keepeth thee will not slumber." No Season, Nor Reason For Killing WASHINGTON (KRR) -- A random slaying is infinitely more disturbing to the average person than a homicide with a motive, however bizarre, And a series of random slayings, all apparently caused by the same person or persons, can cause panic in (he area whore they occur. This happened while the Boston Strangler was still at large. San Francisco has been gripped by comparable fear since the so-called ''Zebra" killings began. In the past five months, 12 persons have been killed and six others wounded in random, street shootings in that city. East assault followed the saine pattern: A young black man would approach a while stranger, fire two or three pistol shots at point-blank range, and then flee with an accomplice in a getaway car. When seven suspects were arrested in Ihe Zebra case (four w_ere later released), San Francisco Mayor Joseph L. Aljolo said the salyings had committed by members of the "Death Angels," a group no one had heard of before. California law-enforcement o f f i c i a 1 s reacted to the mayor's assertion with caution. And they were openly skeptical of his claim that the Death Angels were responsible for assaults on 61 other persons in California over a three-year period. AMOTO'S THESIS may or may not have merit. The actual killers may still be at large. But the urge to provide a comprehensive explanation for irrational acts is understandable. Fear is easier to bear when it is focused on an identifiable person or group. The Zebra killings are only the latest of a group of multiple slaying cases in California to attract nationwide attention in recent years. Film actress Sharon Tate and four others were slain on Aug. 9. 1969. by followers of Charles M. Manson. Herbert W. Mullin was found guilty in Santa Cruz, Aug. 19, 1973, of the killing of 10 persons during a three-week period the previous February,- And Edmund Emil Kemper was con* victed last Nov. 8, also jn Santa Cruz, of murdering eight women, including his mother. The most prolific mass murderer in California history to date was Juan Corona, found guilty last year in the slaying of 25 farm workers near Yuba City. Many observers have tried to piece together a pattern into whjch these and other cases would fit. Barry Parrel!, a contributing editor of Harper's, compiled a chronology of spectacular California murders and concluded: "The moment one top killer was ushered out of the limelight, unseen forces would summon another to take his place. Murder inspired murder, and if the nature of that inspiration could be understood and anticipated, a kind of seismology might come into being sensitive enough to monitor murderous pressures on a doped-our drifter in a dairy shed." ANOTHER UNSETTLING feature of many recent California slayings is mutilation, inflicted either before or after death. Speaking of the Death Angels, for instance, Alipto asserted that "Decapitation and other forms of mayhem bring special credit from the organization to the killer." California police authorities have searchecl unavailingly for reasons why so many slayings are accompanied by such savagery. Drugs, satan-worship. and a can-you-top-lhis impulse have all been considered. California has long been recognized as the state where lifestyles originate. Non-residents can only hope that its homicide styles are not so easily exportable. "Here's The Scenario. You Go In There, Blow Yourself Up, And Split The Whole Place Down The Middle" Art Buchwald Fire In The White House WASHINGTON -- The key word that keeps popping up in the transcripts of the presidential tapes is "scenario," The President a n d h i s aides k e p t coining no With a scenario for every setback in the Watergate case. The one scenario they never constructed, and the most vital one in my opinion, is what they should have done when Alexander Butterfield disclosed the President had taped everyone who came into the Oval Office. If I had been the President's trusted adviser, this is how I would have handled it. I'll be B and the President will he P. B; Mr. President, Butterfield ju '?iew the whistle on i h e tapes, P! ('Oh fudge 1 deleted) B: T think we better game plan this right away. P: (Gee willikers! deleted) What do you suggest we do? B: They're going to demand those tapes. Von can bet your sweet (inaudible) on that. We have the fallowing options. (A) we "turn them over, (B) we refuse to turn them over or (C) we have a fire in the White House basement. P: Tell me about ''C." B: Yes, sir. It's late at night and you're up in the bedroom and Mrs, Nixon says she smells smoke. 'You tell her Kissinger is probably burning some old cables. P: (Golly gurndrqps! deleted) Suppose the butler comes in and says he smells smoke also? flj You fell him to mind his own (expletive deleted) business and iÂ° back to bed. Pi Hmmmm. You know there are a (p.eckava deleted) lot of tapes in the basement. What happens when the fire department is called? They coijld pijt put the fire right away and save the tapes. B; You stonewall them in the Rose Garden and tell them how proml you arc of the fire fighters of America and how much it means to you lo have them come to the White House at that hour in the morning. We'll get Pat Buchanan to write up a Lilie sieec.i lor you to deliver In which you point out the difference between fire departments of the United Slates and those in the enslaved countries of the world that you have been to. P: What are the differences? B: In America every local community can choose its own fir: 1 r.^htin^ equipment, and the government does not dictate what type of trucks they should order, If a community wants a hook and ladder, they can order a hook and lader. If they decide they'd rather have a pumper, it's their option. P: So while I'm reading the sp; ~" : ' Â· "^ ' the basement is going full blast? B: Right, Now for safety, What we ought to do is have you present each fireman with a scroll expressing the grati. tude of every man, woman and child in this nation for the wonderful work they are doing. You could personally sign each one !n front of them, This should give us enough time lo burn up every tape you ever made. P: (Yippee dee don d.al deleted) I could go on television the next day and say how distraught I am that these tapes, which would have proved rriy innocence, once and for ail, have gone up in. smoke and have been lost to history, But I can promise to turn over all my notes of those conversations which will show I knew nothing a b o u t Watergate or the coverup. Without the tapes we've got the darn Watergate c o in i,i i 1 o (i hy I l i n (pnt's whiskers deleted), Good work. Art. Oh there js one more thing, How did the fire start in the first place. B; John Deaii was sneaking a smoke in the basement instead of doing what you asked h:ui ' ' ' ' ' ' ! lie threw his bMtt on the ta,pes. P: (Laughter) I like it, Let's see how it plays in (bUnkety deleted) Peoria, (C) 1971, Los Angeles Times From The Bookshelf Regardless of the ... assumptions, the tax system is virtually proportional for the va.st'majority of families in the United States. . . . Effective tax rates are high St both the bottom and the top of the income scale, The high rates for those in the lowest income classes are probably not indicative of their tax burdens over longer periods, because in these classes there is a heavy concentration of retired persons, as well as of individuals whose incomes are low temporarily. The very rich pay high taxes because a substantial portion of their inconie comes from property, If it is assumed that the corporation income and properly taxes are taxes on income from capital, the tax burden of families with incomes of $1,000,000 or rnqre approaches 50 per cent, or roughly double the rates paid by most families; If these taxes are assumed to be shifted in whole or in part to consumers, the tax burden at the highest income level is only about 30 per cent, or some 5 percentage points more than the effective rates paid by most families, ^Joseph A.'Pechman nncf Benjamin 0. Oknei, Who Bears Ihe Tax Burden? (Iff!4) Arkansas Editors Comment On Political Campaigns, Dr. Cooper, Etc ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Gov. Dale Bumpers' carefully nurtured image as the Mr. Clean of Arkansas politics has become i little soiled. First, Ihe Associated Press revealed that the governor was drawing a SM.iOO a ye ar ex* pense account in addition to his $10,000 annual salary, and then Democrat reporters found out . t h a t two of Bumpers' key appointees are actively helping him in his quest for the U.S. ; Senate. ; In Ihe matter of the expense Â· accounts, the governor denies ' that he has pocketed any of the funds or used them in any ; way other than intended by the ; legislature. But the AP says that he has drawn them ir advance and for the same amount each month, which raises some serious questions. ' From time to time, Bumpers has been openly critical of his paltry $10,000 salary (as rightly he should be), but nothing is ever said of the liberal expense allowance. The JIMOO salary. which is the lowest in the nation, suddenly looks a lot better when you realize lhat none of it has lo ga for housing, food, transportation, utilities. . taxes or insurance -- all items tl^at t a k e a big bite from the average person's income. ; The governor comes even closer to staining his reputation by allowing two men he has appointed to the Highway 1 Copnmisiion to campaign openly for him, We recall how things were in Arkansas before the passage of the Mack-Blackwell Amendment, Which supposedly elevated (he highway department ihev* the quagmire of personal politics. Now it appears the "good ok" days havt relumed^ George Kell of Swifton and James Branyan of Camden. both highway commissioners appointed hy Bumpers, are playing an active role in his campaign and have simigfied off suggestions that their activities are in a n w \vay improper. If the law has not been broken, its spirit has at least been bent, and it is hard to imagine that the hundreds of p e r s o n s o n t h e h i g h w a y department payroll won't feel they also have been given a signal to follow the lead of the commissioners. This possibly could t u r n loose platoons of workers in Bumpers' behalf, which is surely not in the best interest of the taxpayers who are paying their salaries. At any rate, these workers as well as other state employes- are certainly goini^ to feel that they are being discriminated against, Governor Bumpers s e n t otit a very fine memorandum some weeks ago. telling state employes to keep out of politics. Shouldn't this warning apply to their bosses as well? FORDVCE NEK'S ADVOCATE A renewed effort apparently is under way to bring drastic and far-ranging changes in our stale Constitution. Leading figures in the unsuccessful 1970 campaign to re-write the entire Constitution no^' have reformed. They're calling their organization th Constitutional Enforcernent and Revision Association. A r k a n s a s voters displayed great wisdom four years ago in refusing to accept the "new" Constitution. There simply were loo many unnecessary and unwarranted changes oi major nature In make the "new" C o n s t i t u t i o n acceptable. Organizers of the n e w association to enforce and revise the Constitution will do well not to try to cram too much down the voters' throats in coming years. As wili ho remembered the "now" Constitution of 1070 proposed, among other things, to make possible eight years in office for .Arkansas governors. For another, it would have shaken up the court system of our state, would have made increased taxation easier to pass, and would have empowered members of the Genera] Assembly to sc-t their own salaries. There w e r e various other flaws that Arkansas voters readily spotted, and promptly refused to approve. The "new" association hasn't said much yet about its plans for enforcing the present Constitution. There's no secret, h o w e v e r , that association leader? contemplate law suits to force stricter adherence ta constitutional provisions such as those pertaining to official salaries. The theory appears to lie that strict enforcement will niake such provisions tin- popular, and public officials then will be more anxious to work for a new Constitution. We don't follow the reasoning exactly, but that's what "it's reported to be. There is no question that certain segments of our Constitution are out of date, the salary for state and county officials, being a case in point. These certainly should be increased. But, as we noted in several editorials four years ago. specific flaws in our Constitution can be remedied by individual amendments. This method has proved sound in times past and there is no reason to believe it isn't sound today. As we recall, advocates of the "new" Constitution four years ago put out a lot of scare talk, to the effect lhat if it weren't adoped then our state would be on the road to ruin. No such as occurred in these four years and isn't likely to occur. We hold no objections to making improvements in the Constitution w h e r e they're obviously most needed. We see no sense at all in efforts to wipe nut the present Constitution, and bring drastic changes in state government that aren't needed. We hope that the new Constitutional Enforcement and Revision Association will have the good judgment to make haste slowly. PINE BMJFF COMMERCIAL Dale Bumpers is a smart enough politician to express some diimb ideas about the Grant Cooper case. The burden of the governor's remarks is that he can't see how academic freedom has been violated since it was. done strictly according to the rules. Or as he'puts' it, Grant Cooper, self-admitted and off-brand communist that he is, has received "due process," and tha.t proves, "why our system is stronger than the one he advocates.'' What an interesting view of due process, and what a dangerous one if it were as soljd as it is smooth. It presumes that if every minute rule is followed, then the substance of the decision is inconsequential. One suspects, strongly, that Dale Bumpers knows better than that. And that he might say so if it were the rights of someone more popular than Grant Cooper that were at stake here. I^o matter what is said by the board of trustees of the University of Arkansas in due solemnity assembled, or by a judge handing d o w n some strictly dubious decision, is there an adult in the state of Arkansas who would deny that Grant Cooper is being denied the freedom to teach because of his political affiliations and-or- views? A n d also, of course, because fie had the honesty and or showmanship to acknowledge them. This result Dale Bumpers calls due process -- and proof of this system's superiority over communism. If so. he underestimates communism's regard for procedural, and only procedural, legality, Dissenters in the Soviet Union are alsa fired from, their jobs with every respect for the rules and regulations. Cotirt sessions are duly held, party congresses are g u i d e d b y parliamentary procedure, two witnesses a r e always present at each and every arrest as specified by Soviet law. (There is a corps o f professional witnesses maintained a t - considerable expense just for such occasions.) No one could ask for greater rÂ«pect than the Soviets show for due process in the sense Dal* Bumpers describes it/ Â·' ' " No, the handling of the Grant Copper caÂ»e does not show the superiority of our system to theirs. It" shows the ease with which our very different syitem -? which emphasizes net only prnducural but substantive due process -^ caa be bont (Â· resemble theirs. ARKANSAS GAZETTE IN POLITICAL conversations so many Arkansans have been worrying lately about Senator J. W. Fulhright that a curious contradiction comes to m i n d : If so many people are so concerned, they m i g h t very well be the force that will prevail for him by election day. In any case if the Kulbright people have needed any spark to stir them into action, the senator provided it for them last week as he moved h i s campaign into a new phase. Bill Fulbright. as they sny, "came out righting" -,- assailing the positions of his opponent not With invectiye hut with the candor and fiery logic t h a t are his trademark in politics and legislation. W a have rarely seen Fulbright's reasoning more rajpr sharp than it was in his television and stump ap, pearances last week. There was one passage in his remarks, chronicled, hy the Gazette's Bill Lewis, which we thought was classic in its simplicity and tru.th.fu!nesi, In this one Fulbright willingly disavowed any claim to being indispensable: he said that t h e Senate would continue, with or without him, and added: "The only point I am making is that the people of Arkansas have a gÂ«xd. investment in my knowledge and my capacity to get something done, my r e p u t a t i o n among m y colleagues and people in government. T hls is of value to them, and if they don't think so, it is their duty to retire rne, And that I* their decision. i certainly am willing to abide by it...I do think I can be more valuable and effective is defending and promoting their interests." An unassailable definition of a a central issue, we believe, and R is as precise as D a l e Bumpers' soliloquies on the decline of government in Wash- i n g t o n are vague and meaningless. Bumpers is not trying to replace the United States Congress, although at times that is the impression. Hi! is trying lo "replace Fulhright pf Arkansas. Fulbright declared last week that Bumpers' treatment of issues -- or non : (reatment of i s s u e s actually ^- was "deceptive" and "mts!ead.irig." We thought t h a t Fulbright made his best illustration in taking up Bumpers' attempt to compartmentalize f o r e i g n a n d domestic a f f a i r s and. to downgrade the former. The news account capsuled his remarks thusly: To make such a distinction. Fii|brigh.t said, when Arkansas farmers rely so heavily on export markets, when the Vietnam war killed a,fmoÂ«t MO Arkansans and was the root causi. of inflation and. ether economic woes, and when""the United Slates mijst import more than half of each Of the 15 basic minerals used by industry, 'makes nn sense anymore" and H "simply a W ay jo try to prejudice people that I am net interested in their affajrp." Â« was m t r ut h a deadly analysis of Bumperi'' imrtjcit theme in this canipaign ti'st fortifrt policy doesn't matter any more, We are net iiirÂ« t hwvÂ«vw, that Fulbright did net understate the matter at that .