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Editorial-Opinion Page TJis Public Merest Is The First Concern 01 This Newspaper 4 Â· FflDAY, MAY 10, 1974 Hush Money's Path To Hunt Retraced A Peek Inside The Pot We firmly favor amending constitutional limits on salaries at both state and local levels. The fact that Arkansas has been blessed, through most ot its history, with capable men in the governor's mansion doesn't alter the fact that a $10,000 annual salary isn't realistically adequate for the demands of the undertaking. There is a fundamental inconsistency, we believe, in our expectations of moral and ethical purity, great wisdom, sound judgment, broad vision and an abiding temperance, by persons holding public office, all at a level of recompense that wouldn't persuade most blue collar workers to change jobs. It is embarrassing, or ought to be for most Arkansans, to be reminded every two years in the national press that the state's salary for governor is the lowest in all the 50 states in the union. On this account, based on what we have been led to believe all these years, we confess to considerable surprise in learning that the present governor is drawing bailor than 550,000 per. He's the same one who let it be known earlier in the year that he just couldn't afford the financial drain of hold- ing the office. We don't say it's too much. It docs make us feel belter about the poor ol' governor's plight, though. Safety First The boating season Is back with us, bringing an increased potential for water- related accidents. This is a good time of year to tune-up the family boat's motor, so as to make the best possible use of fuel. It would be a good idea, too, to check over the steering linkage, and make sure electric circuits on both boat and trailer are in proper working order. Don't forget, while you're checking over the skis, or fishing tackle, to make sure you've got adequate type and number of lifejackets. And last, but far from least, it is always a good idea each spring to remind oneself to be always courteous, cautious and soberly competent when on the road or water. Summer recreational pursuits are fun, but don't forgot that negligence can turn a summer outing into tragedy. Be safely-conscious this year. What Others Say THE LANGUAGE... ...Anyone who has begun fo read the transcripfs of the Watergate conversations must be struck immediately anrl repeatedly by the language. Not by its force, but by its absence of force. It is like being hit over the bead with a soft dull mallet without any rhyme or reason and certainly no rhythm. It is not shocking, o n l y dispirits tig. It leaves no hurt, only dull revulsion. The phrases are so removed from self-examination, from any reality outside themselves, that the principal actors might as well be talking about a game. A duil. stupid game. Like one of the more computerized performances in pro football. The language of the transcripts represents the final victory of football over baseball in* Hie American ethos, game p l a n over grace. Richard Nixon to John Mitchell: "Just don't let t h i s keep your cnlle.jgir.es Irotn concentrating on the big game." Charlie Colson. says Dick Nixon, "is playing hard ball." Hanging in tough. N r o one's words over .seems to got outside the game. "Hnw do you handle that. PR- wise?" t h e President asks. And no one rises very far above that consideration. Even the phrases for truth and honor have only a tactical moaning: Let It All Hang Out. The Full Disclosure From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Perky, pretty, diminutive Beverly White won the Miss Fayetteville competition at Barnhill Fieldhovise hist night. to the delight of about 3.000 spectators. A ttal of 35 thinclads representing Hillcrest and Woodland junior highs and Fayetteviile High School w i l l "perform 50 YEARS AGO The old barns at the Washing- tori County Fair grounds are being torn down and new buildings are being erected in the northwest corner of the grounds. High School track teams from Muskogee. Springfield, Fort Smith, Litt!e Rock, and JoVlin are expected tomorrow lor the 100 YEARS AGO The next quarterly meeting of the Washington County Council of the Patrons of Hubandry will be held at ML Comfort about the first of June, when every member of the order in the county \vill be present. Several of our citizens have done gone to Oxford Bend on a fishing excursion. They carried with them a good Saturday in the Class AA state track and field meet at Harding College in Searcy. Dr. James A. McCain, president of K a n s a s State University at M a n h a t t a n , will speak at the 23rd annual Honors Day convocation Wednesday on the University campus. southwest interscholastlc meet at the University One of the best of (he Music Week coTiecM'l attractions was the 1019th program of the University School of Music given by the Men's Glee Club Wednesday night tinder the direction of Henry Doughty Tovey. . Drs, Young and Shackelford are now prepared to extract teeth absolutely without pain, Dental rnoms over Stirman's Clothing Store. They'll Do It Every Time THE VACATION OU66L.ER oaves THE PAYROLL. KPT 8WJAHAS! AUVAVS SAYS SHE HAS AM EXTRA WEEK com' LAST yZ ST1LETTA WATTS TILL SHE RNPS OUT WHEN THE OTHEK GALS V/ANNA SO,THEN SHE PEOARES I GET ?\Z5T PKX Cf VACATIONS- TAXI MS THE LAST TORES WEEKS M AUGUST- WRONG W-.TES. THEN SHE GIVES ME THE TIMS. I VANTÂ£P- Route. And our favorite quote f r o m the President's word-man, Ronnie Xicgler. considering how he could best answer a question sure to come up at the next press briefing: "I could -- two oplion.s: One w r ould be lo say t h a t (Unintelligible) the other would he to say the (Unintelligible.)' 1 In Ihe e n d , the A V h i t e House opted for both. .lock phrases abound in the transcripts, as they do in any locker room, but truth is elusive. Guilt is used exclusively as a legal term. God us an undeleled expletive- Crime is a problem PR-wise. Sin does not figure. Even the foul language is vapid: Deleted Expletive, Deleled Expetivc. Its like HAL. the computer in 2001, trying to cuss. Only rarely is there a sharp pain, and then perhaps only lo an over-sensitive Southerner. One of the principal and duller moral ciorls in Hie Scenario has to be named Jeb Stuart ( M a g r u t l c i - ) . That smarts. And keeping a grand jury at bay, presumably by lying under one's oath, is called Stonewalling, But the other phrases are so snappily neutered tiiat to come across old names even perversely twisted provides some relief i r n m the absence of sensibility. The general ub. Ambiance, of the Inmscripls is conveyed by Joseph Alsop's phrase: "The backroom of a second-rale advertising agency in a suburb of Hell." What a terrible thing to happen to the American language. At icast H. L. JMencken. he who gloried in the infinite variety of American synonyms for buncombe, bunko, snake-oil, gimmickry, flim-flam . . . didn't live to see it all reduced lo PR. This continental language once had as many words for swindle as Arabic rioes for camel, and now it is reduced lo: Scenario. The intricate ;mcl lusty curses of a people that passed Irom a murderous frontier through a pitiless industrial revolution are reduced to the dull, monotonously scatalogical. and t h a t not e\ en strong enough to stink. It would make an old Army sergeant seem a poel. All the force and feeling has been reproduced cleclronically for transmission at a later time, In short. Ihe transcripls lo not invariably make elevating reading. One the whole, we w o n 1 d prefer Jacqueline Susann. In all their bleached wasteland of prurience, there is no sign of redeeming social significance. P e r h a p s t h e closest Ihey come to any moral lesson i.s Richard Nixon lelling .John Dean thai honesly-is-the- bcs't policy in the most self- serving sense of that homily. Like some old oracle who can d i m l y remember when revelations were not made of plastic. Mr. Nixon keeps going back to Alger Hiss: "Hiss would be free today if he hadn't lied... If you are going to lie, you go to jail for the lie. rather than'the crime. So believe me, don't ever lie." Great option, honesty. PR-wise. Or when a grand jury gets down to the bottom line. But except for a moment or two on such a dismal plateau, the rest of Ihe transcripts read like an endless, chlorinated sump... -PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL NO CONTEST The U.S. Senate voted SI) lo ft Ihe other day on an issue t h a t obviously didn't have any- t h i n g to do wilh politics, religion or sex. - Tulsa (Okla.) Daily World NATIONAL GROWTH TRF.ND For a while there, the country was getting smaller. Xow. w i t h the speed limil fixed al 55. i t ' s gelling bigger again. - Charleston (S.C.) .N'cws and Courier My JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON' -- The most serious question raised by the While House transcripts Is whs- ther President Nixon aulhori/ed a bribe paymenl to Watergate conspirator K. Howard Hunt. As the reporter who uncovered the hush-money scandals, I have been questioned about the circumstances by both the Watergate projeculors and Senate invcsligalors. Here are Ihe sordid details: Scarcely a month after the Watergate burglars were arrested. Hunt wrote a threatening, three-page lelter d e m a n d i n g "to contact someone in the White House." His attorney. William 0. Bill- m a n , read the lelter to the Nixon campaign committee's attorney, Kenneth W. Parkinson. "Give us a week," requested Parkinson. Hunt told Bill-man to reply: "t\'o. you get two days," "Okay," promised Parkinson. "Something v/ill be worked oul in a couple of days-" He spoke to John Mitchell, then the campaign chief, who told White House counsel John Dean about Hunt's demand for money. Dean summoned the President's personal attorney, Herbert Kalmbach. to Washington. They held a whispered, sidewalk conference in front of the Hay-Adams Hotel and asked him to raise money for the Watergate defendants. Stressing the necessity for secrecy. Dean suggested the h u s h money should be channeled through Anthony Ulase- wicx. an ex-New York cop straight out of Damon Runyon. The Washington Merry-Go-Round Kalmbach collected between 5210,000 and $230.000. which he delivered in secret packets to Ulasewicz. They kept in touch with one another through pay phones, using code names to identify the people involved in the pay-off. Hunt was referred to as "the writer." because of his sideline as a novelist. His wife Dorothy, using pay phones and answering to the code name "Chris," passed out hush money in sealed envelopes to other Watergate defendants. As their trial date approached, Mrs. Hunt met on Nov. 30, 1972, with Waterbugger James McCord. She warned that the payments would be cut off "unless you fellows agree to plead guilty...and keep your mouths shut." Four weeks later, we broke the story that the White House wanted the Watergate burglars to enter guilty pleas. "By pleading guilty, the defendants could avoid a public spectacle." we wrote, "and save the White House embarrassment." But we still couldn't find out who was paying their legal bills. "Who is paying for these high-powered, high-priced attorneys?" we asked in our December 26. 1972, column. By this t i m e , we had succeeded in winning the confidence of some of the Cubans on the Watergate burglary crew. But all they would admit to us was: "We were told when we took the job that we would be taken care of." They refused, however to plead guilty. They thought they would get a better break by having their day in court, since they had merely carried out what they had thought to be White House orders. Suddenly, their hush payments were cut off. We reported on J a n u a r y 11. 1973, that " s o m e of the defendants in the Watergate trial are sending quiet signals to the Nixon Administration that they may start talking before they'll go to prison." We mentioned G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt. We learned, meanwhile, that the Cuban defendants planned to meet at the Arlington Towers across the Potomac from the Watergate to decide whether to give in to the pressure and plead guilty. I arranged with one of them to slip into a nearby room and give me progress "reports on their meeting. He told me they had agreed after a heated discussion to pelad guilty. We were able to report on January 15. 1973, t h a t "Hunt agreed to plead guilty, apparently with a tacit understanding that he wouldn't have to spend too long in jail. He urged the other defendants privately to follow his example." Then came the clincher. We reported an offer "to make regular payments to the defendants' families. A $l,000-a-month figure was mentioned. Our sources could not, or wo_uld not, identify the men behind the Shredding Machine Desegregation After 20 Years WASHINGTON' ( E R R ) -May 17, 1974, will mark the 20th anniversary of the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board ol Education, a decision that set Oil" a revolution in race relations tliat has yet to run its full course. The school desegregation decision \vas the spark that led to tiie explosion of the civil r i g h t s movement: to the sit-ins of the oariy IDGOs. to the p a s s ! :* e of c i v i l rights legislation, and to the flood of litigation that fathered key decisions extending the range of t h e nation's anti- discrimination policies. In the two decades since 1951. the black American gained new confidence in his prospect as a firs! class citizen, while the while A m e r i c a n became aware as never before that the black aspired lo the s a m e persona! goals as himself. The Rrowii decision shook np American education. \VhHe teachers and black teachers alike had to adjust quickly to new an.! nuve v a r i e d mixtures of human potential in their classrooms. Entrenched school p r a c t i c e s came under challenge. The curricula of schools at all leve's were jostled !no5? from tradition. These and many more changes took jiiacp even though the specific order emanating from Brown -- to terminals racial segregation in the schools -was far short of fulfillment. RACIAL ISOLATION' is slill the lot of most black children in the nation's public schools. The latest government survey -- for the 1C72 73 schoo! year -- showed 6 8 million Negroes a t t e n d i n g elementary and secondiry schools, constituting I T I per cent of all students. But only 2.3 million, or 36 per cent, were attending schools in which blacks accounted for less t h a n half of the pupils --Â· the definition of a racially mixed school, according to some authorities. The one great victory for desegregation is that the dual system of the South -- separate systems for black and white -has finally been ended. After more than a decade of "massive resistance" followed by a series of delaying actions by southern authorities, the institution of Jim Crow in education hegan to crumble. T h e major weapon w a s provided, not by Brown, but by the Civil Bights Act of 1964, which required the withdrawal of federal f u n d s from agencies, including schools, that practiced discrimination. To tho=e who remember the days of "massive resistance," the odd lilin'? today is t h a t more progress is being made toward desegreg-Uion in the South than in other parts of the country. But it is ab:c becoming apparent mat the typical pattern of the urban North -- blacks clustered in the central cities while w'ni'.-s dominate the s u r r o u n d i n g suburbs -- is developing more and more in the cities of the South. THE FUROR THAT greeted the Brow r n decision 20 years ago -- rejoicing from Negroes, outrage and defiance from white southern leaders -- has evanor.ited, Totlay there is not as much optimism on one side or pessimi?m wi the other about Ihe consequences of desegregation. Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama no longer speaks of "segregation forever" but of getting along together. And Dr. K e n n e t h B. Clark, a psychologist whose works were minted approvingly by the Supreme Court in the Brown ease, admits fo a "savage rage" over the anti-integrationist activities of black militants. P r o b l e m s unforeseen by scenes. We can report only that most of the money (or the defendants was tunneled through Hunt." President Nixon has claimed he didn't learn about the bribe payments until March 21, 1973. , Yet we had reported the story in 350 newspapers more than two months earlier. The White House transcript* show that John Dean tokj thÂ« President on March 21 that Hunt was demanding an addi- Â· tional $120,000. "You have no choice but to come up with the $120,000 or . whatever it is. Right?" asked , the President after much dis- Â· cussion. "That's right," agreed Dean. "Would you agree that that's the prime thing that you damn well better get that done?^ pressed the President. "Obviously," said Dean, "hÂ» (Hunt) ought to be given omÂ« signal anyway." "(Expletive deleted), get it, 1 ' directed the President. A discussion followed about who should arrange the money. White House staff chief H. R, Haldeman mentioned John Mit- Â· chell's name. Immediately following thÂ« meeting, Haldeman telephoned Mitchell, who allegedly asked Â· aide Fred LaRue to deliver ! $75.000 in campaign cash to Â· Hunt. The FBI has established : that the money was delivered ; about 10 o'clock that night to Â· Hunt'.s attorney. Mitchell reported back to thÂ« 'Â· White House, next day that Hunt ' was no longer a problem Â· Medicine \ Taking New Directions WASHINGTON ( E R R ) -- O f : ail the professions, medicine' has seemed until lately the Â· most tradition - bound. Clergy- m e n a n d lawyers w e r e 1 the first to become involved in : the social ferment of the past' decade. By and large, though,' physicians studied and prac-'. ticed their specialities in t h o ; same old way. But now the Â· medical profession is in the; throes of change, at both the- teaching and practicing ends. ! The current situation recalls Â· that of 1910, when the Carnegie- Foundation issued a report that; revolutionized medical educa- Â· tion. It led to the abolition of ; the many small, private aca- ' demies offering questionable ; medical diplomas and to forma- Â· tion of the p r e s e n t , u n i - Â« versity - based s y s t e m o f ; medical schools. Four years- ago, the Carnegie Commission ; on Higher Education issued another report on medical: education, and it promises to' have as profound an influence- as its predecessor. The basic thrust 'of the' commission's report was that doctors were becoming overspecialized and were poorly distributed around the country. As a result, m a n y areas faced a crisis of "primary care." The family doctor seemed doomed to go the way of the blacksmith unless medical schools took corrective action. either side at that time continue lo plague the effort to implement the Brown dictum. The chief question left unanswered by Brown and subsequent rulings is whether the government must take action against rle facto segregation -- segregation created by housing patterns. The Brown decision spoke bluntly ag.imst (le jure -government-imposed separation by race. Thus the dual systems of the South were doomed, no matter how m a n y attempts were -nad? to circumvent the Brown ru'e. The 1954 decision did not attack segregation per se. The target was inequality, and segrega'.ion w a s forbidden because it was found to bo inescapably a cause of inequality. The question, as y e t unanswered, is this: If de facto segregation is as damaging as de jure segregation, is it incumbent on the government lo take positive action to correct it? Although the Supreme Court has never ruled directly on this question, it ha? found that much of what has passed as de facto segregation is actually caused by delineate official actions. Over the years of repeated litigation on the segregation issue, Ihe courts have broadened considerably the limits of de jure while narrowing those of de facto. The result has been an increasing number of court orders requiring desegregation in city and suburban schools, And this has inevitably meant orders to bus children out of their neighborhoods to more distant schools in order fo achieve Â» more racially balanced student body. T w e n t y years after Brown and long after the Brown rule became widely accepted in the nation, opposition to busing remains the most serious obstacle to implementing the historic decision of 1954- THEY HAVE. The number of : medical schools in the United. Stales has grown from 84 in i I9BH lo 114 at present, w i t h others on the drawing board.: At least 47 of them offer three-' year programs, and virtually- all have experimented with : c u r r i c u l u m changes. The : genera] aim is to encourage more students fo enter family ^ practice and lo bring them into ' earlier contact with practical- work. ; Many of these innovations resulted from demands by the students themselves. They want less rigidity, less repetition. They want more work with people -- sick people but not cadavers. And they w a n t no part of the time-honored biology frog. ' As one student said. f r o g s don't come to your office and ask to be cured." ., The , ncw medical school of M e M a s i c i- University i n ' Hamilton, O n t a r i o . has pioneered the use of "com- Â§}',, iH ZC S patip " ls -" A Medical World News writer described how the .system works: "When a student sils clown at the computer he is told a list of symptoms and expected lo ask a series of clingnoslic questions, which are answered in ordinary anguagc. He (hen prescribes a' treatment and immediately gets' Â·m!"-,'? fcc(ihi '* in its effects;: On My heart j s spccc jj ng llp! L Ca " l ,- see a n.vmore!...Doctor,- your patient has jusl died!* " INSPIRK D ~PERHAPS, by ?,,?,"'. lca ching approaches. today s mcrlieal graduates have some new ideas about practice. urn emerging specialty is that- of emergency physician" -one who devotes all or almost J" " h's time to treating Pajienls , n hospital emergency Emergency room duty one* rfÂ«irÂ»M S ' Clorod rme of lhc "east n n ,31 Assignments a doctor c o u l d draw The naop iÂ» generally heclic TMd nTstop. and Ihe variety of ailments demanding treatment runs the gamut of h u m a l ills. But t h a t ' r e S e ! w h a l . now has 4,600 members a n d nopes for formal certification jy the American Medical Association. Emergency specialists are not motivated entirely by altruism. They are attracted, too. by the short work week (usually 4* hours on a legular shift) and by the fact they do not have to rent office space and buy costly equipment. Most inv portant of a l l , emergency- room patienti can expect better car*.