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INSIDE- ; ; For Women i 3 Editorial .... x ,..-. 4 Sports 13-16 Amusements ........v...... 19 Comics .. .;.-,-.-.Â· 20 Classified 21-23 114th YEAR-NUMBER 311 CtmeS The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEV1UE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 9, 1974 LOCAL FOUCAST- Partly cloudy and warm to- right. Mostly cloudy and continued warm with chance of showers and thitndershowers through Friday. Low l a s t night 54. Lows tonight low 60s. Highs Friday near 80. Sunset today 8:10; sunrise Friday Weather map on page 18. PAGES-TEN CENTS --AP Wlrepboto AFTER THE DEFEAT ... Trudeau attends dinner for former governor-general Roland Michener after minority government defeat Canadian Political Parties Preparing For New Election OTTAWA (AP) -- Canada's political parties began preparing today for ;i general election in July after the toppling of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal government. Inflation was certain to be the major carnaign issue. By a 137-123 vote, the House of Commons adopted a motion of no confidence in Trudeau's minority government. The 54- year-old prime minister said he would call on Gov.-Gcn. Jules Leger today to ask him to dissolve the lower house and call an election. Election clay is expected to be July 8. Meanwhile, Trurieau and the Liberal cabinet w i l l continue in office as a caretaker government. Trudeau said In a telecast after his defeat that he welcomed Die electoral fight but considered the interruption of parliament while the country faced inflationary problems "unfortunate and unnecessary." Trudeau was brought down by the New Democratic Party, Canada's third largest political faction, whose support had kept him in office since Ihe Liberal majority in Commons was reduced to a minority by the 1972 election. JOIN CONSERVATIVES After siding with the government on 10 previous no-confidence motions, the 31 New Democarts joined the 106 Conservatives to bring down the government with a motion condemning the budget submitted on Monday. With one Liberal absent, Trudeau mustered 108 votes from his party and 15 from the Social Credit Party. The decisive vole came on a New Democratic amendment to a Conservative motion of no confidence charging t h a t t h e budget failed to provide effective remedies for the 10 per cent inflation Canada now suffers. The New Democratic amendment charged that the budget failed to provide help for pensioners and others on fixed income, failed to deal with the housing crisis and did nothing about the "glaring inequalities of the lax system." The government's overthrow had been a certainty since the introduction of (he New Democratic amendment Tuesday night. Reassessment Recommended WASHINGTON ( A P ) -House Republican leader John Rhodes of Arizona suggested today that President Nixon reconsider the possibility of resigning, although Rhodes said he was not recommending that Nixon quit. A participant in a breakfast session Rhodes held with a small group of newsmen quoted him as saying a reassessment of Nixon's position should be dictated by the impact of public release of some of his edited Watergate transcripts. Rhodes said the transcripts are "devastating" and have drawn a heavily public response. unfavorable Rhodes was quoted as saying he thinks Nixon can remain in office but declared when asked about a possible resignation: "I don't know, but in view of Ihe developments of the last few days there has got to be some soul searching going on. When responsible people read the transcripts and change their position, the President ought to lake that under consideration." Asked if key congressional Republicans might go to Nixon trivately and recommend that ic resign, Rhodes was quoted as responding, "I know of no definite plan at this time." The House GOP leader said he (fid not rule out resignation as an option but had not personally come to the conclusion lhat Nixon should do so. Grand Jury Evidence On Nixon's Role In Cover-Up Given Panel Ford Sees Confidence CHARLESTON. 111. (AP) -Vice President Gerald R. Ford said today that though "much remains untested and unproved" in the wake of Watergate, "what has taken place up to now has created a diminished confidence in our public officials, basic distrust of their motives." "And while it may be easy to delete characterization from the printed page, we cannot de- 1 e t e characterization from people's minds with a wave of .the hand," the vice president said. Ford apparently was alluding to the numerous spots in the White House Watergate transcripts where words of conversation were edited out and replaced by "(characterization deleted)." Other omissions in the transcripts, released last week, were marked by (expletive deleted), (inaudible), (unintelligible) and (material unrelated to presidential actions deleted). The House Judiciary Committee has informed President Nixon that providing of the edited transcripts fails to comply fully with the panel's subpoena for the actual White House tape recordings for its impeachment inquiry. CRISIS OF CONFIDENCE In a speech delivered at E a s t e r n sity, Ford government Illinois said the is beset Univer- federal by crisis in confidence" which has produced "a grave situation." Ford said the main cause of this "has been a continuous series of revelations and reports of corruption, malfeasance and wrongdoing in the federal government -- not the least of which is the sorry mess which carries the label of Watergate. "We have seen charge and countercharge, indictments, confessions, convictions and resignations involving some of the highest offices. These have been hammerblows to the confidence the American people have placed in their government. "Much remains untested and unproved. But what has taken place up to now has created a diminished confidence in our public officials, basic distrust of (heir motives. And while it may be easy to delete characterizations from the printed page, we cannot delete characterizations from people's minds with a wave of the hand. -"That is why I am speaking frankly on the subject, i)erhaps more so than some of my collogues might wish," the vice president SEiid. TO BE SETTLED "The legal, judicial and constitutional processes already in operation will settle the guilt or innocence of those involved in the charges of corruption, dishonesty or violations of law," Ford said, adding: "There will be some pluses from the very operation of this cleansing process--a recognition that the law applies to holders of high offices as well as the citizen who elects the officeholder," Ford declared: "I firmly believe that it is lime to put more truth in politics -- that the time has come for persons in public life to face the truth and to speak the truth." A Deluge Of Words Watergate Strategy Analyzed A News Analysis By WALTER R. MEARS WASHINGTON (AP) - After futile efforts to dam up Watergate, the White House apparently is trying now to drown the scandal words. in a deluge of That's half the strategy. The other half is to stonewall it against further disclosures of White House tape recordings demanded by Congress and the special prosecutor. Public release of the edited Watergate transcripts, and the scries of White House analyses, speeches and comments that have followed, add up to an intensive campaign to get across the President's version of the story. One assumption in that effort has to be that, however many Americans take the time to read the 1,254 pages of edited conversations about Watergate, Load Limits For Bridges Considered Washington County Judge Vol Lester says Uie county m a y have to put load limits on many of the smaller bridges in the county. Lester says the five or ten ton limits will be necessary because of the poor condition -- and age -- of many of the bridges which are currently carrying heavy vehicles in eluding school buses and feed trucks. Even if heavy vehicles con firmc to use the bridges, Lester says, the county will not be lia ble for damages if a vehicle over the posted limit were to be damaged. The problem has been created in part. Lester says, by putting concrete floors on bridges thai may have been constructed as early as the turn of the century. The floors themselves overload many of the bridges. It SAGGING BRIDGES not uncommon, Lester says, for the weight of a truck to cause a bridge to sag several inches. Lester said a bridge on the Illinois Chapel road collapsed Tuesday. The other side of the question rebuild diately. the county's inability to the - - bridges imme- There are about dozen major . bridges in the county, Lester says Ihe number of small bridges, however, is quilc high perhaps 250 to 300. The going cost for replacing bridge is so high lhat the county is hard put to replace more than one or two a year with state funds. A new bridge at Wheeler is lo be constructed this year through the use of Federal funds. Quickest Way SAN DIEGO (A) - Charles W. Yost, former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations tinder President Nixon, says he thinks the President should resign "as the quickest way out of the country's agony." Increase Still High Wholesale Price Rise Slowed WASHINGTON (AP) ' -Sharp declines in farm and food prices slowed the rise in wholesale prices in April to its slowest rate in six months, the government reported today. The Labor Department said wholesale prices increased seven-tenths of one per cent seasonally adjusted and five-tenths of one per cent unadjusted. The increase was still high by normal standards but considerably below increases recorded lince November. April's rise compared with adjusted increases of 1.3 per cent in March, 1.2 per cent in February and 3.1 per cent In January. Despite the slowdown In farm and food prices, there was no hint that the Inflationary surge was abating. Industrial prices, regarded as Â·Be of the surest barometers of inflation, jumped an adjusted 2.3 per cent in April. In March industrial prices climbed 2.9 per cent. Farm products, processed foods and feeds declined for the second consecutive month, dropping an adjusted 3 per cent and an unadjusted 3.7 per cent, The Agriculture Department predicted Wednesday that food prices would begin to level off during the second half of the year and possibly even decline in the final quarter. Wholesale prices rose 18.8 per cent in the past 12 months. Changes in wholesale prices usually are reflected later al Ihe retail level. April's increase lifted the government's wholesale price index to 155.3. That means it cost $155.30 to buy the .same volume of wholesale goods that $100 purchased in 1967. The big rise in industrial prices reflected In part the dropping of price controls from various industries. Metal products accounted for almost one-third of the total increase. Iron and steel scrap rose 14,7 per cent and steel mill products increased 2.7 per cent. Wholesale prices for April reflected other increases in a wide variety of materials. Machinery and equipment rose 1.4 per cent. Lumber products jumped 4.7 per cent and furniture products 1.3 per cent. Most fuels also jumped in price with the exception of refined petroleum products which declined 1.6 per cent. Coal prices rose 17.1 per cent; coke 16.4 per cent and electric power 3 per cent. Decreases for grains, livestock, oil scsd, live poultry, r.iw cotton, eggs and milk dropped the index for f a r m producti 3.5 per cent. However, fresh and dried fruits and vegetables went up in price. The government said the decline in refined petroleum products would not accurately reflect price changes in the marketplace. Because of this, the Labor Department said, beginning next month pricing data will be collected directly from petroleum companies rather than from spot quotations published in Ihe trade journal which represents a decreasing portion of the transactions in domestic markets. Over thÂ« past three months, wholesale prices have increased on an adjusted annual rale of 13.5 per cent. Over the past year, industrial commodity prices have risen 20.7 per cent while f a r m and food pricei advanced 14.7 per cent. almost everybody will know lhat the President made them public. In that campaign, the act of releasing the White House transcripts was itself a crucial step, whatever reading they get and whatever construction is put upon their ambiguities. It was unprecedented, and it put the White House in a position to say that the President, by his own decision, had revealed "the whole story of Water- Thc President and his men are stressing two themes: That the transcripts, for all the scars they may put on Nixon's image, show him innocent of knowledge of Watergate or its cover-up, and that everything relevant to the case has now been made public. The key is relevance and the fact is that the White House dc- cided what fits that description. House impeachment investigators do not agree that the whole story is out. Furthermore, they want lo judge for themselves what is relevant, not only in the transcript tapes but in other recordings of White House conversations. The President says he will yield no more on Watergate, but left room for negotiations on evidence in the other areas. Special prosecutor Leon Jaworski seeks tapes of 64 presidential conversations, including 20 covered in the edited transcripts. The Senate Watergate committee, saying it doesn't trust the transcripts, still is battling in court for five Watergate tape recordings --- which the others already have. So while the President has released a pile of transcripts, it is only a fraction of what is being sought. His lawyer, James D. St. Clair, says the demand would be never-ending if Nixon yielded more. For the White House, one gamble now is public reaction to the sheer volume of what Nixon has disclosed. A crucial question is whether Americans wilt deem it enough because it is so much, despite the fact that it is not what the House panel or the special prosecutor sought. And there is another question mark, too: That of public and congressional reaction to the substance of conversations The White House maintains that they prove the President "never engaged in a criminal the transcribed Nixon released. plot t o ' carried obstruct out his justice," and constitutional duty to enforce the law. There is debate about that now between Nixon's critics and his defenders. AFTER JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE --AP Wirepboto ... firemen and rescue workers keep watch as water is poured from other side of collapsed and burning home Sharp Earthquake Jolts Central Japan TOKYO (AP) - A sharp earthquake jolted central Japan Ihis morning, killing one woman and injuring 23 persons over a wide area of the llu Peninsula, 70 to 100 miles southwest of Tokyo, officials said. Twenty-nine persons, caught n a landslide, were still unaccounted for. Police said the quake, whicti registered four on the Japanese scale of seven in the hard hit areas, destroyed 54 houses, including five in a fire that followed the tremor, and damaged 231. Scientists in Honolulu, said (he quake registered 6.2 on the NEWS BRIEFS Grant Approved Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt of Arkansas' third dis- rict announced Wednesday the approval of a $24,000 grant lo be awarded jointly to Gravcttc and Decalur. Funds will be used for plans and studies preliminary to the start of a waslewaler treatment construction project- Final ap- aroval of the award was made iVednesday afternoon in Wash- ngton by the Environmental Protection Agency. Storms To Spread Showers and a few thunderstorms are expected to spread across the state Friday. The National Weather Service said showers and thunderstorms will be most numerous across the northern half of the stale again today. A weak high pressure ridge is providing moisture for the showers and thunderstorms. Cooper Files Suit LITTLE ROCK ( A P ) -- Dr.Grant Cooper, the con- roversial history professor at he University of Arkansas at JUlo Rock, filed a suit Vednesday asking U.S. District Jourt to declare the state anti- Communist statutes uncon- titutional. Cooper, a self-styled Communist, filed his suit against Pros. Ally. Lee Munson on the iround that In a personal moet- ng Nov. 12. 1973, Munson told lim he would risk prosecution under the anti-Communist statutes unless he resigned his petition with UALR. Shotgun Stolen Cliff Rodgers of Parsons Road east of Springdalc called Washington County authorities just before 11 a.m. Wednesday to report a burglary within the last 30 minutes at his home. Apparently a 12 gauge shotgun is the only item missing, according to police reports. Moore Reoppointed D. L. Moore of Cane Hill has been reappoinlcd to the County Equalization Board. Judge Vol Lester made the appointment for a three year term Wednesday. Moore has served a year on (he Board. Domino Effect LOS ANGELES (AP) -- Timothy Cardinal Manning says the Watergate scandal is having a domino effect that excuses lying, even down to the youngest children, "if you don't get caught" The Roman Catholic archbishop of Los Angeles said his type of moral skid could be the ruin of Ihe United Slates. Making Good WASHINGTON (AP) -- Making good on a promise, Clarence M. Kclley held his f i r s t full . fledged Washington news conference since being sworn in as FBI director 10 months ago. The mid-morning meeting today with reporters in Iho Justice Department's Great Hall was the f i r s t time a permanent FBI director invited unrestricted questioning f r o m the Washington press corps. Richier scale. The quake that hit San Francisco in 1906 registered 8.3. The quake hit shortly after 8:30 a.m. and lasted for several seconds. The Meteorological Agency said the center was in the Pa'- cific, 22 miles off Cape Iro/aki, where it registered five. Seismographs measured four in Shimoda. Mishima and Shi- zuoka. all on Izu Peninsula, officials said. The quake also registered four in Yokohama. 20 miles south of Tokyo, and three in Tokyo where buildings swayed and subways and commuter t r a i n s were momentarily slopped. No damage, however, was reported in Tokyo or Yokohama. Police said rains and landslides which Hocked roads in Izu were hampering rescue operations. Officials said 83 aftershocks were recorded in 10 hours and the shocks were continuin: Celebrated Briefcase Forwarded WASHINGTON (AP) -- T h e House Judiciary Committee is getting its first look at the celebrated briefcase full of grand jury evidence relating to President Nixon's role in the Watergate cover-up, The material, forwarded to the committee for its impeachment inquiry hy Judge John J. Sirica of U.S. District Court, has been examined by the chairman, ranking Republican member and chief staff lawyers, but has not been available to committee members until today. Now. after months of being kept in the dark about it and other evidence gathered by the impeachment staff, the committee will start considering the case for and against Nixon's impeachment. The opening of the crucial phase of the inquiry will be marked hy a round of speeches public session, after which the committee will go into executive session to consider evidence bearing on the Watergate break-in and cover-up. CLOSED SESSIONS Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., said Wednesday the closed sessions probably would continue through next w e e k , after which a decision will bÂ« made on opening them. Another decision facing the committee is what to do about Nixon's refusal to give it any more Watergate material. T h e committee has subpoenaed tapes of 42 presidential conversations dealing with Watergate and has a request pending for 76 more. At a Democratic caucus Wednesday there was unanimous support for issuing a new subpoena, but divided opinion on when it should be issued and what it should cover. The most likely course to ba followed was suggested by the senior Republican. Rep Edward Hutchinson of Michigan, at a news conference with RÂ» dmo. Hutchinson said that when gaps appear in the presentation of evidence and Chief Counsel John Doar says they could be ilied by material sought from the White House, the committee could decide then whether request it again. llutchinson said that rather than jssuo a subpoena, he would prefer to negotiate the matter with Nixon's lawyer lames D. St. Clair. who will be' tn the committee room during the presentation. QUESTION IS WHEN Beit the Democrats and Doar appear to prefer a subpoena. JJoar said at the news conference the issuance of a subpoena s the orderly, lawful way to proceed. "ft isn't a question of wheth- Â· we will issue a subpoena ut when," said Rep. Charles Range!. D-N.Y. Rodino said the opening phase of the presentation of evidence will be limited to Watergate, one of six areas of presidential conduct the committee is investigating. Rodino said it probably will be (he end of June before the committee is ready to vote on whether grounds exist for im- jeachment. House Majority to Thomas P. "Tip'* O'Neill said a full House vote on impeachment will take place nbout Aug. 1. Anti-Inflation Commitments Appear Ready To Fall Apart WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Cost of Living Council's herahl- ed anti-inflation commitments from big business appear about lo crack unless Congress votes to hold them together. Ford Motor Co. announced Wednesday price increases averaging $163 for its 1974 autos. and the council said General Motors was planning to follow suit. The Ford increase was quickly branded by Council Director John T. Dunlop as unwarranted and in violation of Ford's commitment last December not to increase prices further for 1974 models, barring unforeseen major economic events. A council source said Ford may have blundered in its timing since the announcement could provide additional incentive for Congress to grant the council authority to enforce anti-intlation commitments. The Senate votes today on a bill that would g r a n t enforcement authority to lhÂ« council. The old authority expired on April 30 with the rest of the administration's wage and price control program. About 300 major businesses in 17 industries made anti-inflation commitments to the council in exchange for early release from the government's wage and price controls beforÂ» April 30. Dunlop heralded these commitments at the time as being a major help in the fight against inflation. Defections from the commitments also accentuated problems facing William E. Simon, sworn in Wednesday as Treasury Secretary, succeeding George P. Shultz. At a White House ceremony, Simon said inflation was his No. 1 challenge. He called for a "new political will" by Congress and the administration to bring it under control.