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JJortljtotSt Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Jnferesl Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â« MONDAY, MAY 6, 1974 Postal Chief Okays Non-Bid Contracts Reform Not Fully In Sight We endorse the idea of public financing of elections--in theory, at least. A bill (S3044) just passed by the Senate, however, leaves a good deal to be desired. 11 is hailed . by Sen. Ted Kennedy, who has been a persistent and outspoken supporter of the measure, as one of the Senate's "finest hours." We agree that the favorable vote does show a concern on the part of the senate for honest, fair campaign practices. But is that what the senate has wrought? Not as far as the House is concerned, apparently. Rep. Wayne Hays of the House Appropriations Committee says the bill doesn't have the slightest chance of passage. We'll have to say to the extent that we understand what the Senate bill proposes, we hope hope Rep. Hays is righter'n Sen. Kennedy. Watergate teaches us, among things, that the campaign and election processes can be subverted under existing procedures. The high cost of electioneering has all but cancelled out potential candidacies of the less well-to-do. Indeed, since World War II, fewer than two dozen Americans of both political parties can be said to have fairly had an equal opportunity at presidential nomination. Similar restrictions are built-in factors to national office, due in part to a resistance on the part of the "system" to accept reform. So, we take the Senate's passage of what is essentially a "reform bill," as a good sign. But the bill, itself, is a different matter. It is tied to a formula that effectively reduces the total amount that may be spent on campaigning,, which effectively saves great advantages for the incumbent. The Senate bill also seems to tread on the toes of the First A- Art Buchwald rnendment by limiting the amount a private individual can contribute, subject to the candidate's okay, which in turn is tied to the maximum allowable budget, Then there is the matter of sheer numbers of candidates that seem likely to be attracted by a "free" campaign ride. The catch here is that each of these candidates, in order to become eligible for public money, must get out and dun the home folks for a minimum amount of private funds so as to qualify. A prospective presidential candidate, for instance, would have to raise $250,000 in amounts no larger than Â§250. The net effect of this inevitably, would be a longer, louder, more bothersome campaign period than is now the case. In the instance of Senate race, the maximum amount that could be spent is placed at $125,000. Since $500,000 is considered the minimum for a major race in Arkansas, one gets a notion of the advantages such a measure would give the incumbent. Nonetheless, the need for campaign finance reform is too great to allow for pigeonholing because of a lack of accomodation between House and Senate. The House at the very moment is poised over impeachment of the President--an agony brought about almost entirely by campaign finance indiscretions. There is no reasonable alternative, as we see it, to gritty congressional action in this area, because the slates, with their own concerns for reelection and with nothing of Watergate's immediate pressure, are in neither mood nor position to pass uniform and effective controls. If reform measures are passed at all, it will require a considerably better bill by the House and some hard bargaining in conference. The Chairman Of The Bored By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON' -- The toughest thing for a business executive when he retires is to realize t h a t , a f t e r a long career of directing people and making major multimillion-dollar decisions, he has no one to order around and no vital business problems to resolve. While this is very frustrating for the retiree! man, it's even rougher on his wife. The other day Zuckert's wife came iver to see me. Zuckert had been a very successful vice president of a large corporation and has been retired for six months. Mrs. Zuckert was beginning to show the strains. "I don't know what I'm going to do," she said. "Abbot's d r i v i n g me up the wall. He's r u n n i n g the house just the way From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Awards, medals, citations, and scholarships were awarded a host of students for a variety o f accomplishments this morning during the 20th annual awards assembly at the Springdale High School, with principal Fritz Ehren presiding. Abraham Lincoln "Link" True, a resident of Bentonville, so VEARS AGO Local sportsmen and lovers of game and \vild life will meet at the Fire Station tonight at 7:30 to perfcct a local game and fi?h protection club and to prepare a petition for a local charter i n t o the Isaac Walton 100 YEARS AGO The proposition of Judge Walker to the Grangers, pub- iishc-d elsewhere, was submitted the Council at the meeting on S a t u r d a y la si. and action thereon deferred to the n e x t mc-eiing. We hope others of our citizens will m a k e liberal offers to t h i s great enterprise by the time of the next meeting celebrated bis 100th birthday yesterday, saying "I'm just a common ol' scrub." The grad students and faculty of the University art department wilt open a sale of works of art Monday evening at the to aid t h a t group in (heir European tour fund. League of America. A sidewalk connecting the business section of FayeUeville directly with Ihn Western Methodist Assembly in a scenic walk up the side of East Mount a i n , was assured at Monday night's City Couicil session. Council. Our excellent city Marshal Is doing some good work just now on our streets. Xext week we \vi!l publish P r o f . T h u r s l o n ' s lecture delivered at (he University iast week. It will he read w i f h interest by our larmcr friends. They'll Do It Every Time TRYING TO PISPOSE or THE DAILY CARRY-OUTS WHY POHtTHEY PUSH THE CAR8ASS THE CHUTE, 1J4S7EAP Of dUST WAIT! US FOR60ME- BO?/ Â£',SS TO K I T ? NOT GOING TO POIT, 1 SOME- he used to run the business." "What do you mean?" I asked. "All the drive and energy that went into his 35-year career is now being directed toward me. I am no longer a housewife. I am now vice president in charge of household management. This includes cooking, housecleaning, marketing and getting rid of the garbage. .. "ABBOT INSISTS that I haven't been r u n n i n g the house at f u l l efficiency, and there is a great deal of overlapping of duties. He's instituted a systems control so we can cut costs and, as he puts it. 'get a bigger hang for the buck.' " "Abbot always was cost-conscious." I said. "He's called for a complete revision of o u r inventory accounting methods. This means we can't store too many cans of chicken soup in the closet at one time. "lie wants me to keep my shopping lists in triplicate, and to submit requisitions to the executive committee before I buy any household appliances over $25. When he first retired, I humored him about it. I realized he was in a decompression t a n k , and it would take time before he realized he was no longer in business. "But instead of getting better, it's getting worse. Last night -he asked me if I intended to take a position on spinach. I said I hadn't given it any thought, and he pointed out that a supermarket was having a sale on spinach and it might be a good t i m e to buy up as much as we could. By summer, he said, spinach could be in short supply, and we could make a k i l l i n g in it. "I replied that we couldn't keep spinach until the summertime and, siiKe there were only two of us, there was just so much we could consume. He said sometimes you have to t a k e chances when you're r u n n i n g household or the competition will kill you. He ordered me to set up a research and development department so we could find a way to keep spinach fresh until summer." "You reallv have your hands full." I told Mrs. Zuckert. .. "YOU DON'T K N O W what I've been going through." she said. "Every time I come home. Abbot has a new chart in the kitchen showing accounts receivable, cash outflow, expenses and income. He keeps talking about increased production and slashing labor costs. Since I'm the only labor in the house, it obviously makes me very nervous." "Who wouldn't be?" I asked. "The worst things are his memos. Every night I find one on my pililow pointing out a household management mistake I had made that day. Last week for my birthday he bought me a large sign with one word on it. THINK." "! have an idea." I told Mrs. Zuckert. "Why don't you threaten to resign?" "I have," she replied tearfully, "and he said if I did. I would lose my pension plan." .. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times By JACK ANDKR.SON WASHINGTON - For several months, we have been investigating the Postal Service's rising costs and deteriorating service. We sent out a story on August 23. (or example, t h a t Postmaster General Ted Klassen personally had authorized hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of contract work to a longtime personal friend, without soliciting a single bid. Klassen's fortunate friend is Charles Burnaford, who heads his own New York Public relations f i r m . Over a three-year period. Klassen funneled around $815.000 to the Burnaford company. While we were digging into the story, t h e Postal Service p l a y e d ring-around-the-rosy with our questions fo- several days. Klassen's spokesmen would never say directly whether the postmaster general had a personal hand in arranging the Burnaford payments. We have now ob'.ained some i n t e r n a l documents, which settle the matter. These show that K l a s s e n verbally authorized a 535,000 contract for the B u r n a f o r d firm in January 197:j. The nuzzled project officer, Ray Stewart, apparently was confused about how to pay the bill and asked a superior, Joseph Jacques, bow to handle it. In a handwritten memo, Jacques reported that "Stewart wants to know how to go about covering the costs of the conference project with Burnaford, which Klassen authorized personally earlier in January. Since it is all going to be a f t e r the fact, I told him to process this as a claims action rather than a contract." When a bill comes in after an oral authorization, Jacques explained to us candidly, "we don't phony up a contract." Instead, he said, "we make a The Washington Merry-Go-Round claims settlement." In other words, a "claims settlement" is bureaucratic jargon for paying someone who completes a job without the f o r m a l i t y of a contract. Two days later, the same questionable procedure was used to pay Burnaford for another Klassen-approved project. A bill came in from the Burnaford firm for a public r e l a t i o n s campaign called "Serving America." According to Jacques' handwritten memo. Assistant Postmaster General William Dunlap "was handed a Burnaford invoice by Klassen and told to get it paid, last month. He does not know how he can document it and get it done at this date. I explained the claims procedure...." Dunlap "determined" on February 20 that Burnaford's "fair and reasonable" payment ought to be S37.2GO. Our story about the Klassen- Burnaford relationship was followed next day by a Wall Street Journal report on the s c a n d a l . T h e postmaster general reacted by pretending pious ignorance of the whole matter. A memo containing information "for use in answering inquiries about the Burnaford contracts," we have now learned, was provided as guidance for spokesmen. The official line, according to the memo, was supposed \Q be: "Postmaster General E. T. Klassen today said t h a t he was appalled to read...that 12 contracts...were awarded to Burnaford and Company. He has instructed the Chief Inspector of the Postal Service to undertake an immediate audit..." The postal inspectors, taking the postmaster general at his word conducted an aduit which was hastily stashed away in official vaults. The secrecy Is explained by Joseph Jacques in another handwritten memo: "Mr. McCulcheon (as*istano postmaster general) called me to his office this noon and gave me 'the only two copies of the claims audit reports' on an eyes only basis. These copies are to kept by me under lock key at all times when not in my personal use. These security precautions are directed in response to...expressed concern about unauthorized disclosures over the past few months.... "I h a v e written this original and retained one xerox (sic) cony." relates Jacques, "in order to limit distribution and to preclude typist knowledge of same." Nevertheless, we obtained a copy of Jacques 1 hush-hush memo, which he has verified as authentic. The audit of the Burnaford imbroglio revealed that the government still owed the firm some S134.000. For the record, Klassen instructed postal officials "to abstain from" further dealing with Burnaford and "to cancel any existing contracts." This didn't stop negotiations, which ended in a $114,000 settlement for the Burnaford firm. Footnote: Since the Burnaford payments were revealed, a spokesman told us, the Postal Service has conducted no business with the company. P E N T A G O N PIPELINE: American bombers have been leaving Udorn air base in Thailand with full bomb racks and returning empty. Evidence of this reached Kep. Ogden Reid, D-N.Y., who asked the Pentagon whether bombing raids have been renewed in Indochina. The Defense Department assured him the bombers a r e From The Readers' Viewpoint making only "practice runs" on Thai "Bombing ranges." Skeptical, Reid wants to know more about those b o m b i n g ranges. . .The Center (or Science in the Public Interest charges t h a t the Navy uses cancer-causing "dry-woven asbestos to insulate pipes. This releases four times more lethal asbestos dust than does "wet- weave" asbestos. The consumer group has begged the Navy to switch to low-dust asbestos for its insulations...We have written about the Pentagon's refusal to protect servicemen's eyes from dangerous radar microwaves. The Veterans Administration has finally yielded to overwhelming evidence anil !i a s awarded disability payments to two veterans for radar-induced cataracts. Dr. Spock To the Editor: A new hook by Dr. Benjamin Spock. "Raising Children in a Difficult Time" is given a perceptive review in "New Times" Jlay 3, by Richard Kluger. .Middle Americans, says the review, nearly fed Spock's classic "Bahy and Child Care" to the shredder during the pediatrician's a n t i w a r e f f o r t s ; these disclosures of his seasoned radicalism are so touchingly straightforward that they almost come out on the other side as a kind of g l a n u l a r conservatism. All our money and other shiny things, he t h i n k s , have splayed family life in America. Our big houses and big cars should in theory have made each cellular unit of us one big happy bunch of bananas, hut instead a spiritual rot has set in and we all dance to Mammon's jingles.... In place of the satisfactions of individual creativity, the industrial system has substituted and extolled other pleasures: the excitement of successful competition, pride in advancement over the heads of others, the joy of earning a lot of money and in having impressive p o s s e s s i o n s . T h e trouble with these rewards is that they pit each man against his fellows, and only a few can win- Groups that are discriminated against are sure to end up bitter.... Doesn't this far-oulnik know that artery-busting competition is the very lifeblood of America? Well, yes, he does. And he thinks it's just about time we stopped pounding our chests in the treetops and cam* on out of the jungle of gold. "This philosophy of each for himself . worked fairly well during the rugged p a s t when the frontier was l)cing pushed back and the country was being, developed. But this is not adequate- for the solving of some of the most urgent problems of today." Dr. Spock's antidote to our long catalog of social ills - he cites the dizzying divorce rate, general m a r i t a l arid other familial uprightness, rampant crime and delinquency, drug addiction and alcoholism, intensifying racial hatred and an often "ruthless and dangerous foreign policy" - is love. Yes, Benjamin Spock is the u l t i m a t e ftower- person. If we arc to survive, he says. Americans in far greater numbers "will have to be inspired by a quite different ideal - that of loving service to our fellow beings, whether the work we do is in a big industry or in a small shop or office, whether it is paid or volunteer, whether it is outside or inside the home." If he had one gift to bestow upon children, he says, it would be this sense of lovingness. a kind of unhostile pulling-togetherness, that he believes has been drained from this continent. Benjamin Spock, says the review, is a pediatrician for all seasons. "The commonest problem in child rearing today," he says, is hesitant parents, afraid to be firm lest they uncork Junior's fury. But children badly want their folks to draw the line and punish them if they cross it. and t h e y will keep bouncing off the walls l i k e the Cat in the Hat on a binge unless and until they are corraled. A n ambitious politician recently said that our people are pleading for leadership; ai far as I can see they are suffer- ing from a surfeit of leadership in which they put their misplaced trust; a leadership that did not draw a line Dr. Spock t h i n k s that it has been drained out of our continent, that all God's children, hig and little, have lost their way. Ella Potee Winslow Well, Good To the Editor: On April 2,1 the TIMES printed a news release from Washington. D.C. stating that "recycled manure holds promise as a feed substitute." During the drouth years of 1953 and 1954 the staff members of the Department of Animal Sciences. University of Arkansas conducted 2 research projects on the use of poultry litter in cattle and sheep rations. This work and subsequent research in this department is validated by several publications in scientific journals as well as the N.W. Arkansas TIMES. F e e d for the initial research was donated by Kirk Hale, then with C. A. Swanson Co., in Fayetteville. This research after 20 years has finally been condoned and tentatively accepted by our colleagues in Washington. Those of us who participated in this original research are gratified that some of our colleagues are rediscovering the possibilities of using this byproduct. Perhaps many cattlemen in Arkansas who have used litter as a feed for many years will also he pleased to know that it hold* promise and has been tentatively accepted by the U.S.D.A. Paul Noland (Professor) Fayettevillt Politics. Italian Style ROME--fERR)-Italians will vote in a referendum May 12 on whether to repeal the country's divorce law. POLITICS IN THE Eternal City seem more chaotic (han ever, if that is possible. As strikes bring the public-service industries to a halt, impatience and irritability mount. Demonstrations by tile urban homeless take place daily. It's hardly surprising, Itien, that confidence in Italy's parties and political leaders is at an all-time low. Mariano Kumor, the premier, is now in his fifth administration and Italy's 36th since World Wa if. Political observers here believe the Rumor government can nit last beyond the end of May. Ttie dreary ritual of cvisi di governo is something akin to spring cleaning in the United States. Rumor's government is lik'jfy to he toppled by a nationwide referendum on divorce to be held May 12. Abrogation of the four-year-old divorce ]a\v has become the leading issue of the day. Tt is widely believed t h a t a victory by repeal advocates would intensify demands for a more authoritarian form of government. THE DIVORCE LAW is the only major piece of social reform legislation passed in Italy since the war. That fact alone spraks volumes about the current state of political stagnation. \Vhnn the law was enacted in 1970, many feared that (lie country would be swept by "divorzoid" fever. In the f i r s t year, though, only 37.867 divorce cases came to conrt. There were only half as many cases the following year, and the number has continued to fall. The latest o f f i c i a l l y published opinion poll on divorce, taken in 1972. reporter! 50.5 per cent of the population in favor of the practice. \vi(h 39.7 tier cent opposed. More recent, privately taken polls suggest that around 65 per cent of Italians now sun- porl divorce. The Roman Catholic Church has maintained all along [bat the number of families "destroyed" by divorce remains far too high. Right now, almost everyone finds the referendum an embarrassment. Catholic officials are chagrined to f i n t l themselves allied with the nco- Facists on the' issue. The Communists are nervous because most of their membership in Italy is Catholic and the party does not w a n t to see the "religious peace" broken. In fact, the Communists h a v e assailed the referendum as a "clerical-Facist plot," MOST POLITICIAN'S here view the referendum campaign as a diversion from the serious economic and political problems plaguing the country. Inflation is now running at the rate of 15 nor cent a year. Because of the energy shortage, an odd- even plan has been introduced to govern driving on Sundays. All motorists were ocrmitlcd to drive on Easter Sunday, but that is (he closest thing to social accommodation to be expected in today's Italy. The iijck of a viable political alternative to the present coalitions of centrist parties has caused the system to degenerate into a merry-go-round from which everyone tries to snatch a bit of patronage. However, the Communists now seem determined to s h a k e things up. They have made it clear that they consider the present government inadequate to meet the crisis of "this gravÂ» hour" and have promised "intransigent opposition." It is increasingly obvious that Italy's current governmental crisis If no longer an ordinary one. Bible Verse "And they that passed bj railed on h i m , wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thoa that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, Save thyself, and come down from the cross." Mark 15:29, 30 The cry in many quarters is still" com* down from the cross" - take the soft approach, socialize the gospel, spare us the thought of that gruesome scene. The stark truth however is that He died for our sins, and we cannot bÂ» forgiven Â»f them until we come to Him in faith. "Christ died for us."