Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 5, 1974 · Page 15
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May 5, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 15

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, May 5, 1974
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W. A. Scroggins Wildlife Service Makes Tape Recordings ·mm Month Of May Finds Fish Active, More Cooperative May Is a good month for fishing. The wind blows less, especially at night, and the weather is more pleasant, and generally the fish are much more cooperative. Nature calls the fish closer to the shorelines lo spawn, they're more active and require more food and they are not so particular about (he type or color of baits offered. Of course, water temperature is a most important factor. Just the past week, the reports have changed from ail over Beaver Lake and other area lakes. Larger bass arc beginning to lake surface plugs. A small black bass is fun to calch on surface, and you can imagine the added pleasure when one weighs six to seven pounds. The acrobatics one displays in Irving to dislodge thai plug; 'and there you sit with yards of line between you and the bass. The challenge of contesl to see which one oul-mau- euvers the other is an experience a person cannot relate to another bass angler. Years ago before Beaver. my family vacationed at Lake . Norfolk, and fishing was rela lively new to us. 1 had bought a new reel, and in the con; fusion of getting everything together for a week away from home, and so anxious to get to fishing, I simply did . not think lo check the drag ; on the new reel. Should it happen now. I'd know tetter. : We went down lo a favorite ; point, and I remarked as I . cast, "There's one right there ; by t h a t bush." There was, · too. : Aboul Ihe biggest bass I'd · ever seen grabbed liitil lucky T 13, came lo Ihe lop and threw that plug at least len feet to . one side and was gone I ; nearly fell off my seat backwards trying to set the honk while the line peeled off like holding a thread and dropping the spool. . TOP W A T E R ACTION reported downlake in (he clearer water. Up lake in spinis, plastic worms, and medium running lures. The crappic fishing has been pretty fantastic this spring all over Reaver Lake. There seems to be an abundance of large ones, and our crappie fishermen are spoiled; thev don't keep anything under 1!4 pound she. (It's interesting to . report strings from !4 to 3 .i : Ib. sixe.) Fayetteville and Sequoyah · Lakes have also reported 1 good crappic fishing on . minnows and jigs. Fair re; ports of hass and catfish. · Lake Sequoyah had been ; muddy again after rains ; brought about a foot rise · there; eve_n so, fish were .. caught, with tandem spins t a k i n g black bass to five ' pounds. New rising water at Lake · Fayetteville put the channel ' cats on the prowl in search ; of worms, bugs and such · washing in from the banks. ; Several people watch for ; those signs, and go by the · , dock for a permit, then head ' for the upper end of the lake · to sit on Ihe hank lo calch ^ Hie channels. Usually then, as ; the water levels off. the bull- · heads will bite like mad, and : that makes the channel cat- fishermen mad. (I've been " told bullheads are delicious. ;· I've never tried them.) High wind has kept foils ' off the lake in boals several · days. There was a remark v made one day. "It's so windy, the girls have to wear suspcn- . ders on their pantyhose." ; Fayeltcville Lake will be open . for night fishing on Friday and Saturday through the · summer months. ; HOW TO SKIN A CAT Catfish don't give up easily .' after being caught, and it's ' a very good idea to carry · a landing net. They will also ' turn and Iwist until (hey , break a cord slringcr, open ''· plan to keep them on a stringer a while, is lo hook t h e m · mouth. Therefore, from cx- ; perience, I use a stringer that · each hook swivels indi- | vidnally, and between the · joints. Then Air. Whiskers can " twist as much as he likes. · Another suggestion if you '· plan to keep them o n a ! a while, is lo hook them · through both lips. Then comes '. the time to clean them. They · live longer out of water lhan a bass and many other species. Personally, I won't skin a catfish alive, but I don't want to wait until they die a natural death either. Here's my method: With a s h a r p pointed knife, insert the blade in the section of the head where you find a separation of bones. Then insert a bi'oomslraw in the slit and push it gently but firmly down the spine. The cat will thrash and quiver as far as the straw will reach, then it's all over. Not another twitch. For larger cats, use a longer piece of small wire. Cut Ihe skin behind the gills and down the back, going around the fin on top. That place can be cut deeper later, and the fin removed with a pair of pliers. Hang the fish on a large nail in a tree, or nail him down to something solid. With a pair of pliers, catch the skin only (that's important not to get into the meat) and pull down toward the (ail. Usually, the whole sitic of skin will come off at once. Then with a very heavy bulcher knife or cleaver, sever (he head and tail of the fish. The rest is simple to'cut down Ihe middle and remove the "innards", .1 into cooking size Northweit Arkansas TIMES, Sunday, May 5, 1974 FAYITTIVILLI, ARKANSAS · 7C Wo/ves' Howls Intrigue Outdoorsmen If a sudden rainshower forces you lo go inside the house, it's good lo have a culling board available. Cover il with several thicknesses of old newspapers or cardboard that can be picked up and discarded to save a lot of mess in the kitchen. Since I don't own a meat cleaver, I use a hammer on the large heavy butcher k n i f e to cut through the backbone. As the pieces are cut to size for cooking, I immediately put (hem in a large bowl or pan of salt water for at least thirty minutes. Put enough for one cooking into a plastic hag, . or cover with fresh water in a bowl to be cooked today or tomorrow. The rest should be drained and frozen burn. STRIPED BASS High and dingy water on (lie upper part of the lake and While River has discouraged many fishermen from going for Ihe striped bass that usually travel along with the white bass. There had to be lake as in previous years that were missed this year. Nevertheless, the stripers have adrled some excitement in the past few years in Beaver Lake. Bill Rainwater with Bureau of Sport Fisheries nnd Wildlife, has done an extensive workup on the stripers that should be of interest to area anglers. The first ones kept and reported started showing up in 1970. The total of 37 caught to five pounds or over showed a total weight of 144 Ibs. 7 oz. In 1971, there were 75 stripers caught (reported) to nine pounds or over for a lofal weight of 406 Ibs., 6 oz. In 1972, 122 stripers up to or over 15 Ibs., were re- 956 Ibs., 7 oz. Last year was tremendous when the pressure on stripers really paid off with 159 to over 18 pounds were reported for a total of 1.1164 Ibs., 3 o?.. That has already been topped for 1974, with the lop single weighing in at 21 Ibs. They have shown tremendous growth in five and a half years, and probably some of the larger ones were lost when anglers lamented they liail "one" they couldn't handle, broken lines, rods, and .straightened hooks. July and August has shown (he most fishing pressure applied on strfywrs, usually downlake. At first, anglers were picking them up on t r o l l e d helllwdders a n d bombers. Then they started finding ' them with spoons jigged off Ihe botlom. The laj-t year, most everything was on Ihe extra-deep running b : g waler dog until they were located, (hen the anglers caught and lost several by jigging the spoon in 40-50 feet started the trolling action, and was replaced by the and was I replaced by Ihe weighted waterdog. Whopper Stopper has now brought forth a new "super deep-running" magnum. It's supposed to go 35 feet deep withoul cxlra weight. We'll see, this sum- mcr (hiring "riogriays". Mess Of Fish Now Defined HOT SPRINGS -- Fishermen have long been noled for t a l k i n g in vague terms, and one of Hie hardesl to pin down is jusl what -is a "mess" of fish. One Ihing for sure (hough, any way you look at it 974 thousand fish has got to be considered a pretty good mess. That is how many young walleye fry were added lo the Lake Ouachita nursery pond recently, and according to F i s h e r y Biologist Sammy Barkley they were in excellent shape and dispersed, readily into the pond. The fish were approximately a quarter-inch long when they were flown from a hatchery in OWa". 01 TM? .|2 C o m m i s s i o n Pilot Buddy Whiting, and they will be held in Ihe nursery PTM* , u "' 1 ' t ire about Iwo inches long. Even at (hat size some of fte?« fish will fall prey to others when they are released into the lake .but if they were ield in Ihe pond any longer Ihcy would slarl to prey on one inother. In (he long run Ihe biologists expect about 25 per cent of the fish to reach cal- chable size so Lake Ouachila should have a quarter million or so good walleye in the 'ulure. Record Game Fish CAVE CITY - To calch a Irophy fish you need a lot of sophisticated gear, you need to drive to a hot lake, and use your many years of experience to outwit Ihe lunker, right? Not always. The most recent addition to the list of record game fish caught in Arkansas Is a 1 lh-15 o?.. hlucgill landed by 13-year- old Kerri* Browning ot Cave City. Tape recordings of howling wolves are now being broadcasl by Ihe U.S. fish and Wildlife Service in its stepped-up search for information on the status of the Northern Rocky Mountain wolf (CANIS LUPUS 1RREMOTUS). This wolf was Ihought to be extinct in the Uniled States, The winter search, which will continue through May's (haw, concenlrales on the Shoshonc Nalional Forest east of Ycllow- s I o n e National Park Wyoming. Scatlered reports of wolf sighlings and uowlings in recent years indicale wolves have relumed to. the backcoun- Iry of Yellowstone and Shoshone Forest. At least two pos itive identifications of t h e Northern Rocky Mountain wolf have been made in Montana recently. Since this area is the center of the Northern Rock; Mountain wolf's former range Fish and Wildlife Service iologists Fred Chrislensen ant Dennis Goyn hope the recorder howls will lure inlo view wha may be a remnant or returnee population of Northern Rocky Mountain wolves estimaled t' number about 20. Periodically over the past twi winters Christensen and Goyn have searched for wolf track in the snow from low flyini aircraft. When they spottci sure signs of wolves, the; followed up on the trail in ; slower flying helicopter. N wolves were actually spoltC' using this method, because a' tracks led ultimately into hig timber where the trail blurred. The spotting and photo graphing of wolves is the firs step in what biologists Christei sen and Goyn hope will be process that results in uositiv identification of a Norther Hocky Mountain wolf in th Yellowstone area--a com pi c a t e d affair ultimate! requiring an animal's skull fo f i r m identification There HI no plans to kill any wolve; however. If a pack is roaming tl: lackcounlry. the initial spottin ind photographing may provic clues to territorial claims of t! sack. When spring arrives horough search of the area may turn up a woif carcass that can be museum-tested for species identification. HOWLS SIMILAR The tapes being used in the experiment were recorded by Fish and Wildlife Service biologist. David Much, in his work with eastern timber w o l v e s (CANIS LUPUS LYCAON) of northern Minnesota. The eastern limber wolf is a close relative of the Northern Rocky Mountain wolf. Both are gray wolves, and experts believe the howls of each are similar enough to proinpl replies from the scattered wolves of Shoshonc-Yellowstone. Howling wolves at night have struck fear in men's hearts for centuries -- breeding, perhaps, most of the sinister notions afoot about this animal. All manner of wolf noises have intrigued outdoorsmen, biologists, and writers alike. A historian, D. R. Keim, in his book, On the Border With Sheri dan's Troopers, written in 192 described wolves eating. "A wolf feast over the carcass o a buffalo is one of those sharp toned entertainments, whici could only he compared to. an old fashioned lea party, com posed of snappish octogenarian p a r a l y t i c , a n d general!' debilitated characters of boll sexes, with a fair sprinkle o shriveled virginity, and a fev used up cclibalcs of UK masculine gender. Each out guzzling to his heart's content and growling, and finding fanl with his neighbor." No doubt the type of com nunication for which Ihe wo] s mosl famous is its howling reports David L. M e c h. Hi states, however, that howling i only one kind of sound the wol delivers. Various aulhoritie classify Hie types of wol vocalization diffcrentlv, but th system adopted in 1966 by a expert named Joslin In hi study is used by most experts He listed the following basi types of wolf vocal sounds: th whimper, the growl, the bark and (he howl. Attempts to describe the wo howl objectively have bcc made only recently by scientisl at the University of Ontario i .967. Using spcctographic an audilory analysis technique: hey studied 700 howls of thrr Tdult wolves and provided tl' 'ollowing description. "Tl' lowl is a continuous sound fror iboul a half second lo I seconds in length. It consisi )f a fundamental frcquenc which may lie between 150 an 780 cycles per second, and u to 12 harmonically related ove ones. Mosl of the lime tl pitch remains constant varies smoothly, and m, change direction as many a four or five times. Total i t e n s i t y does not va throughout." WOLVES I.IKE CHORDS Lois Crisler, another expe on wolves, described a lam female's howl. "Sometimes si ululaled, drawing her tongue i and down in her mouth li' a trombone slide. Sometime on a long nole, she held I lip of her tongue curled again the roof of her mouth. S shaped her notes with h cheeks, retracting them fc plangcncy, or holding the sour in with them for horn note She must have had pleasure sensitiveness about her son for if I entered (howled) her note, she instantly shi by a note or two. Wolves avo unison singing. They li chords." David Mech says that duri a pack howling session, o wolf begins, and, a f t e r its fi or second how), others join Each animal starts more s s . b y itself, beginning with] few long, low howls and orking up to a scries of horter. higher ones, somewhat chorus with oilier pack icmbcrs. Such a session lasts n average of 85 seconds, and sometimes followed by epeal performance. A 1958 study of wolf howls atcd, "Like a community ng, a howl is a happy .social ccasion. Wolves love a howl. Vhen it is started, they in- tantly seek conlact with one nother, Iroop logether fur to ur. Some wolves will run from distance, panting and right eyed to join in, utlering. s they near, fervent, lillle ows, jaws wide, h a r d l y able o wait lo sing." Mech's observations suggest .hat an emotional state related to the wolf's social sense is probably the stimulus for :horus howling. It is significant. ,ie says, that Canadian scientists found that a high rate of spontaneous howling in one of their captive wolves was correlated with that animal's isolation from other wolves or people. It does appear. Ivlcch goes on to report, that one of the main functions of howling is lo aid in assembling Ihe pack. Many of authorities described various circumstances in which one wolf began howling and immediately drew other pack members to it. The advantage method of assembling scattered pack members is obvious, and it is easy to sec tow this function could have evolved from whatever social gratification howling may give. CALL OF' THE CHASE Many people believe. Mecb states, thai howling is Ihe fall of the chase just as in certain breeds of hunting dogs. Evidence for this is lacking. however, and there are even some indicalions lhat wolves are silenl during chase based on his observation wolves in Minnesota. Beside conveying Ihe localion of an individual wolf, Mech says, howling may also identify that wolf. That is. each pack member may be able to recognize each other by its tiowl. Experiments with taped howls n ttie field have met with varying success in-Canada, One scientist received replies from broadcast howls in only 13 per cent of 476 trials, conducted in an area where wolf population was light. Under good conditions, other scientists have had a 50 per cent success in receiving responses. Several other authorities have reported (hat wolves will reply to recorded howls, human imitations, and even fire sirens. The Northern Hocky Mountain wolf formerly ranged over parts of Montana, the Black Hills South Dakota, all of Idaho, and parts of Oregon. Washington, and two Provinces of Canada. The cause of the decline of (his species was primarily poisoning, trapping, hunting, and land development which, brought about a loss of habitat. This experiment is but on« facet of Federal and State programs to restore endangered species. The chances for success of this p a r t i c u l a r effort are unknown this wolf, however, is more fortunate than other endangered species such as the limestone salamander or the Pine Barrens tree frog, has its own natural beauty going for WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY W A L - M - - A R T Southgate Shopping Center--Open 9-9 BAHKAMERICflflD. master charge i SALE STARTS MONDAY SPECIAL PRICE Number 1 1/2 GARDEN CHRRfTl ROSE BUSHES carefully pacta (R*d). Cho,1o (Velio.). 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