jHortf)toc]5t Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest Is The First Concern 0\ This Newspaper 4 Â· SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1974 Thanks, For The Memories Planning, Along The Illinois We don't know whose law it is, but one of the constants of h u m a n experience is that every solution tends to create an even bigger problem. Thus, we are neither terribly pleased, nor sorely disappointed in the results of the Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission's "Water Quality Management Plan." It is a plan, for which a generous amount of public funds have been expended for expert consultation. The "expert," in this instance, is Dr. Dec Mitchell of Ihc University. Dr. Mitchell is knowledgeable on the subject, and we are satisfied his study is as competent as conditions allow. Even with the "plan," though, one sees that all problems are not solved. There are cost estimates that are not only considerable (niany millions of dollars), but have the historical quality of being hugely underestimated. On top of that, folks downrange of the Illinois River (including Oklahoma water quality officials) are far from satisfied with the NWA proposal. ? And then there is the guiding federal statute to be dealt with, which as presently written and interpreted doesn't allow what NWA is proposing. When one adds to this tangle of options the ongoing dilemma of solid waste disposal throughout the area, which in t u r n quite likely does have a long-range affect on water quality, one senses the complexity of finding a workable objective, to say nothing of one thai is perfect all around. We believe that the NWA Regional Planning Commission is quite properly concerned with investigating available options and bringing them to the attention of the area's residents. They are obliged to make a recommendation to the state, and that recommendation ought to reflect not only the best available technical opinion, but the considered thoughts of those most directly affected: the rank and file residents of NWA. There appears to be considerable opposition, downstream along the Illinois, to a regional treatment plant and discharge in that watershed. We don't blame them. But there is opposition, too, and federal standards to contend with, in the use of the White River (Beaver Lake) watershed. Thus, the inevitability of a difficult decision is inescapable. It is well to bear in mind, however, that the presently arrived at decision won't be a cure-all, and may well windup as a bigger problem than the one facing the area now. The important thing about such situations, it seems to us, is that perhaps the best way to deal with future problems is to explain and detail the options of the present as exhaustively, and as well as possible. Then, when a next "remedial" move MUST be made, it can at least be partially based on the options and "expert opinion" that made the previous mistake possible. What Others Say.. FREEDOM OF THE PRESS The cause of freedom of the press suffered more losses than it recorded gains during 1973. The moFt extreme case wns that of Uganda where the dictator threw out all foreign corres- pondenls and forced U g a n d a n representatives of two major foreign news agencies lo leave on short notice. In South Africa, the government gave notice that it would impose controls on the press From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO A joint meeting of members of tlie Elkins Water District and the City Council's water and sewer committee produced no immediate results last week. Law Day. U.S.A.. will be observed in \Vashington County tomorrow with speeches by 50 YEARS AGO An active county health unit will be formed in Ibis county following a conference in Little Rock between tlie Slate Board of Health and Miss Mary Filz- simmons, public health nurse of this place. The May Day Festival to be staged on the University Y.M. 100 YEARS AGO The University: Work on the new building is rapidly pro- gs essing. The inferior foundation walls are going up and soon everything will be ready for the superstructure. It will not be long before we can see from the public square this members of the Arkansas Bar Association in several area high schools. Ozark Artists and Craftsmen have completed plans for ttio three-day spring Arts and Crafts f a i r , to begin Friday at the Fairgrounds. and Y.W.C.A. will have specta- c u l a r features that are expected to draw a large audience. Hundreds of visitors crowded Fayctteville schools yesterday attending the annual school exhibits of nature study, hand work and written work. magnificent structure as It rises to the roof. Tax-paying closed here on M o n d a y last. We learn that the delinquent list this year is less than it has been heretofore. The fishing season is now upon us and our "gentlemen of leisure" are exceedingly happy. unless the media toned down issues which tend to incil- racial feelings. In Rhodesia, more than a dozen foreign newsmen were banned from the country. South Vietnam expelled one Japanese and two American reporters. The once-free press in the Philippines came under control of the government. The bright spots were Turkey and Egypt both of which re-instated freedom of the press. - Shreveport (La.) Journal FOURTH ADDED The Bib Bs in American life were once three - Big Business, Bib Labor, Big Government. Now we add a fourth - Big Oil. - Florence (S.C.) Morning News FATSOS IN GOVERNMENT Mayor Orville Hubbard of D e a r b o r n . Michigan, w h o weighs better than an eighth of a ton. put his City Hall subordinates and himself on a "Do as I say and do as I do" regimen. He went on diet and thre- tcned not to reappoint municipal staffers who didn't follow suit and shed quantities of blubber. The results were negatively measurable: In two weeks Hiz- zoner lyid shed 17 pounds and 18 other City officials dropped nearly 160 pounds among them. Maybe you can't beat City H a l l , but you can cut it down lo size. - Norfolk (Va.) Virginian-Pilot Kreil Aslairc o n c e worked so hard He often lust his hrealh, And n o w he tups a l l o t h e r chaps to death, . . --Lnren/ Hart, "Do It the Hard Way" (1'al Joey, 1310) KRKI) A S T A I K K is a living refutation of !Â·'. Scott Fit/gci- ald's dictum that "There are no second acts in American lives." When the great dancer reaches the ripe old age 01 7o on May 10. he -- and we -can look back on a stage, f i l m and television career t h a t spanned more than six decades. Aslaire has put a w a y his dancing shoes for good, but he does confess to keeping in trim by doing his stuff in private to the music played on the TV show, "Soul Train." Probably no other entertainer, past or present, can claim lo have been a star of the Broadway and London musical stages, Hollywood motion pictures, and television. In the early phase of his career, however, Astaire was widely regarded as a mere appendage of his sister. Adele. The Astaircs made their name on Broadway when they starred in the George and Ira Gershwin musical. Lady Be Good, in 1924. They then commuted between New York and London winning acclaim in both cities. After their last show together (The Band Wagon, 1931), Adele retired from the stage. Many doubted that Fred could sustain stardom on his own. AT FIRST, IT appeared that he could not. His first solo venture, in Cole Porter's Gay Divorce, was redeemed only by a dance number lo the tune of Night and Day. His first motion picture appearance, as Joan Crawford's partner in Dancing Lady (1933). did nothing to dispel the feeling Â· that he was on the way to becoming a has-been at age 34. And then, along came Ginger. Almost by chance, Astaire was paired w'ilh Ginger Rogers in Flying Down to Rio (1933). a film slarring Dolores del Rio and Gene Raymond. Aslaire and Rogers were only featured players, but they performed one spectacular dance number together -- The Carioca. From that moment on. they were stars. Even today, the Rogers-As- laire musicals -- there were nine of them in the 1930s -retain their magic. The plots seem ramshackle and campy, to be sure, but the dancing is what matters. As dance critic Arlene Croce wrote, "...in an Aslaire-Rogers film the dancing is often the only real, the only serious business. Their way of dancing up to a song, rather than down to a plot, is what lakes you hy surprise; that, and the way they give each song all the emotion that belongs to it...." .. ON STAGF, AND in f i l m , Aslaire was obliged to sing as well as dance. His voice will never be compared to that of a John Raitt. or Howard Keel. Still, in some strange way. he lias lo be regarded as a great musical-comedy singer. Some of Ihe finest songs of such composers as Gershwin, Jerome Kern and Irving Berlin were introduced by him, either solo or in duets. Yes, Fred Astaire is an American classic. Duke Ellington, another classic who recently reached age f5. is still going strong. He and his band played at Vassar College's midwinter formal dance in February. People who dig Ellington and Aslaire should not be condemned for wallowing in fake nostalgia. They should be com- plimenled on their good taste. (F.RR) From The Readers Viewpoint In Rebuttal To the Editor: Regarding the open letter to Senator Fulbright (April 28) from Pine Blufr. "Name Withheld by Request." It is the misfortune and sometimes overwhelming adversity of democratic governments that too often the voters do not recognize their ' o\vn friends, vote against their own interests, defeat their own purposes. The sad fact is that men like Claude Pepper, Albert Gore, Fred Harris. Ralph Yarbornugh arc now missing from Congress, svhile the likes of Strom Thurmond and Jim Easlland are there and flourishing. We can only hope that, in the next term. Senator Fulbright will not be missing. As President, Lyndon Johnson could act in a way that he could not act as a member of Congress from the South. The indication is that the Senator recognized and appreciated the accomplishments of President Lyndon Johnson in domestic policy while, at the same time, he stoutly opposed his military policies. He spoke frankly to the writer of the letter and his group, expecting them to understand the situation. He says that he made no promise and he holds him to none. Does he think that Dale Bumpers, who, in his ambition, played with Southern Strategy, has displayed that kind of frankness? The Senator does not campaign on phony issues, he does not use rhetoric and generalities as a substitute for an understanding and dealing with the basic, vital issues with which we are more and more confronted. flis 29-years of energetic service to the preponderant agricultural interests of his stale are recognized; what is not recognized is the fact that these interests arc more and more bound up with foreign a f f a i r s management. Secretary Kissinger has been a stabilizing force in a time of emerging conflict. He is able to negotiate with the most diverse kinds of leadership. He can surely be given credit for helping So keep the boat from rocking in a perilous time. For this, as C h a i r m a n of the Foreign Relations Committee, the Senator has given his cooperation. But t am reminded of the unending dashing hither and yon of Secretary John Foster Dulles who. in a crucial time in the history of our country, was a main contributor in leading the U.S. down the wrong path, toward the unlimited waste and destructiveness that brought our country to its present state of frustration and chaos. Unfortunately. S e c r e t a r y Kissinger's vision, it seems, like that of President Nixon, does not go beyond the maintenance of a balance of power, which has become a balance of terror. A long time ago, the Senator became conscious of the tragic error o-f such a policy. In a time when he had to stand almost alone, he took an unequivocal stand against it. Such a stand has now become more respectable; as time goes by it will become more and more recognized in its Tightness and the integrity and leadership behind it cannot be denied. The writer of the letter is hitter, out of the depths of institutionalized injustice and ho]c too long deferred. It can be readily understood. But can he not see that objective under- s t a n d i n g and appraisal are essential, not only for the interests of his slate and his country, but for the interests of his own minority. Ella Polee Winslow JWF Needed To the Editor; The seniority system being wtnit it is, Arkansas would he fooH.sh indeed to end the career of Ren. FulbrigtiL when lie has done so much for this stale and can do so mudi more for ua during (lie next six years. H would lokc tiis opponent Â»t least 10 years of service to become a really effective member of Congress -- one who could really help Arkansas. Unfortunately, S e n . Ful- brighl's concern and congressional activities in behalf of his home state have seldom be en men I ioncd hy the news nicdiii, which have played up bis comments and stands on foreign affairs. At any rate. Sen. Fulbright isn't afraid to take a stand on Ilia groat, controversies and issues of our time. He is held in great esteem by millions of Americans for bis far-sightedness, honesty, integrity, courage, and statesmanship. He is a great credit to A r k a n s a s and the nation. In a world that has become capable of destroying civili'/a- lion with nuclear weapons, Sen. Fulhrighl has constantly tried to help ease ami avoid tensions between the great powers and t h u s decrease the chances of World War IH. He was an outspoken critic of the Vietnam War -- one of the greatest mistakes in American history -- a war that cost us the lives of nearly 50,001) young men, plus more than $100-bilHm, and resulted in the worst i n f l a t i o n i:i a generation or more. Roth Arkansas and the nation need Sen. FulbrigKt as much or more now t h a n ever before. Paul W. B u c h a n a n (Retired editor, Batesville Guard) Arkansas Editors Comment On Education And Races For Senate, Governor ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Several recent events helped explain the condition of higher education in Arkansas: --Enrollment at all state colleges and universities except UALR is expected lo decline the next year or two. --Several of the colleges have agreed to eliminate s o m e unproductive degree programs to make their operations more efficient. --The community college system seems to have stabilized at live, with the possible addition of one to three more in the near future. --The state Department ol Higher Education has adopted a plaT allowing four-year colleges lo o f f e r courses in surrounding communities, in the manner of community colleges. College enrollments have been dropping for several years for a variety of reasons. Among them are the delayed reaction of declining birth rates, the end of the d r a f t , reduction of f e d - eral aid lo college students and inflation. which has m a d e college much more expulsive. The blow to colleges has been multiple. While enrollments were i n c r e a s i n g in the 1960s. because of the post-World War II baby boom. Ihey went into debt building dormitories. Xow that enrollments are dropping off. they don't have students to till the" dorms, providing rent to retire the construction bonds. So they have to take money Â«ut of the operating funds to -vv the debls. And this comes at a t i m e jnen inflation already is ballooning tuition rates. So the c o l l e g e s have been cutting corners and [acuity, Irymg lo m a i n t a i n their pro(runs. Most ot them responded lo Ihe Higher Education Department's recommendation that they cut some degree programs t h a t weren't producing graduates. Only State College of Arkansas refused to give up any courses. With these problems, college a d m i n i s t r a t o r s n a t u r a l l y are annoyed by the establishment of c o m m u n i t y colleges. Not only are Ihe two-year colleges laking money Ihe four-year colleges need, they als omay be helping with the declining enrollment. In any case, the community colleges are enjoying increasing enrollment. So the four-year schools have been given a weapon to f i g h t back with. By offering courses in surrounding communities, they can reach out to prospective students with a variety of needs. The overall result should he good for both the colleges and the public. The enrollment drop is partly a result of declining interest in a standard four-year curriculum. More people want to take a few courses that lead directly to jobs. Colleges are slowly" making their programs less rigid to meet this demand. Meanwhile, the stale Education Department's area vo-leeh schools, for the most p a r t , remain rigid in their refusal to cooperate with high schools, to help prevent drojnouts by providing job training to high school students. And they are spreading much faster t h a n junior colleges. The whole education program is on trial. Education is always behind the times, but in the past conditions changed so slowly that it wasn't so much of a handicap. But in this period of future shock, with technology radically changing the needs of society from month lo month, instead of from decade to decade, it will no longer do for education to respond so slowly. Those schools t h a t remain in- f l e x i b l e will--and should-wither from inattention. GEORGE DOUTH1T (In The Rogers News) Gov. Dale Bumpers, seeking to go to the U.S. Senate, proposes as one of his chores balancing of the U.S. budget. He points out lhat the state of Arkansas slays within its budget and he believes the U.S. could do it also. In the first place, we must remember that Bumpers is running for office, the U.S. Senate. Secondly, a candidate has a right to work from a platform of ideas to convince his supporters that he could achieve some accomplishment in the Congress. If the governor could go to Washington and balance Ihe U.S. budget he not only would get tremendous support in Arkansas but would have the undying gralilude of the nation as a whole. He points out lhat one reason A r k a n s a s slays within its budget is because the state cons t i t u t i o n prohibits deficit spending. So. (he state lives w i t h i n its means because it does so by law. Prior to becoming head of the A r k a n s a s government in 1970, Bumpers was an attorney in Charleston and while he certainly was an alert and aggressive young man in his field. I know first hand (hat he was not close to slate government and ils problems before 1970. Bui 1 will hasten to h a n d l h a t since 1970 he certainly has had a lesson in state politics and now is equipped to speak on those problems. Thepoint I want to make is that I have been around the state legislature since 1946 and the only reason Arkansas stays within ils budget and does not engage in deficit operations is because it's illegal to do so. The desire of the legislature to borrow on the future has been great. 1 am not belittling Governor Bumpers' desire to balance the budget. He said that in some 35 of the last 43 years the U.S. has gone in the opposite direction. Each session of Congress someone introduces a bill to balance the budget and then Ihe deficit spending continues. There is a good chance that Bumpers will go to the U.S. Senate. His polls say he is ahead of his opponent, U.S. Sen. J. William Fulbright, who is seeking his sixth term in the U.S. Senale. In Washington. Bumpers would find out f i r s t hand why Ihe budget is never balanced. It is because the people back home, including those in Arkansas, have such tremendous pressure on Congress for more federal funds t h a t the spending goes on and on. It happens t h a t his opponent made this statement some 25 years ago lo a state bankers convention but 1 shall never forget it. The meeting was in Hot Springs and the speaker was Fulbright. Sure, said Fillbright, we can cut taxes and we can balance the budget. All you have !o do is reduce federal spending. PAUL BUCHANAN an Ihc Baicsville G u a r d ) Q U E S T I O N : C a n Orva! Eugene Faubus, the man who was in the national and international news spotlight about 17 years ago, make a political comeback in the gubernatorial race this year? As we have said before, there are no experts on politics--just different degrees of ignorance. For that reason, we are not about to make a prediction on the outcome of the governor's race this early in the campaign, even if we had a crystal ball, a ouija board, and a Ph.D. as a seer. Nonetheless, we think it is a subject worthy of kicking around a bit, even if we can't arrive at any conclusions. When Mr. Faubus sparked a school integration crisis at Little Rock in 1957--a crisis t h a t reverberated around the world--he became a governor who was either greatly admired or utterly despised by people all over the world. To say he was a controversial figure would be the understatement of (his generation. All through his political carer, Mr. Faubus retained a hard core following, including a large number of elderly persons. Of course, lime has taken its toll, and many of the old- t i m e r "Faubusiles" have crossed tlie Great Beyond since [he Man from Huntsville, who came out of obscurity to set a record for lenure of office- left the governor's mansion. Too, some of his supporters abandoned him because of the divorce and remarrying episode. Nevertheless, there is evidence that Mr. Faubus still retains n sizeable and loyal group oT supporters who backed him through thick and thin and probably will slick will) him in his current comeback attempt. Furthermore, any astute political observer will tell you that Orval Faubus should not be underestimated in political know-how. Even his critics will admit--though perhaps a little grudgingly--that Faubus is tin effective campaigner. For one thing, he had a knack of s a y i n g just what some listeners want lo hear, whether it's a relevant issue or .not. . " But Mr. Faubus has a hard row to hoe this time, despite Ihe fact lhat he is a seasoned and shrewd campaigner. For one thing, the political atmosphere has changed somewhat in recent years. And. too. there are still plenty of long-time anti-Faubus Arkansans who are just as vigorously opposed to him now as they were in his last campaign. Furthermore, the increase in Black voters may he another problem for the "Pride of Huntsville." Too. there arc t h o u s a n d s of young voters on Ihe scene who, more lhan likely, will lean Inward or otitrighl favor David Pryor for his youlh as well as his experience as a congressman. Then (here is Bob Riley. who might spring a few surprises in his ability to garner votes. Some observers have even expressed Ihe belief t h a t Rilev could be a "dark horse" canddate. Of course, there are other factors to be considered. Good, effective campaign organizations in most of the counties and plenty of financial support for newspaper, radio and television advertising, as well as numerous olher expenses, play a big role in stale- political races. Just how well Faubus, Pryor and Riley will fare in these categories is certainly not known at this time. More lhan likely, the racÂ» will be close. At this point, [ would be afraid lo bet more than a quarter on the outcome, FINE UMJI'I' COMMERCIAL The lalcst message from the Feds about the state's unequal system of higher education in as welcome as il is tough. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Ihrough iU Office of Civil Rights, has decided l h a t the plan lo inlegralc stale colleges and univcrsiliej is not good enough. The letter from HEW says ' the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff must be upgraded or else--or else the stale will lose ils federal grants for education. This is good news for Pine Bluff, which long ha* needed a college facility that was both fully funded and f u l l y integrated. One hopes that for once the bureaucrats will le as lough as their language. According lo the letter, UA-PB must get the highest priorily in the stale's construction funds. And u n t i l UA-PB achieves equality. ni major project should be undertaken elsewhere in the system lhat might reduce tiic usefulness of the school at Pine Bluff. Of course HEW has been known lo Inlk tougher t h a n it acted. That pattern has been discernible at least since the equivocating days when Robert Finch headed the agency, v a g u e l y . One encouraging factor in this instance is that the f i n a l decision, happily, is not up to HEW. The department is m a k i n g these demands only because it has to--as the result of a suit against segregation in h i g h e r education. There s nothing like a federal Judge lo put some iron in a p l a i n t i f f 3 backbone. WÂ« hope.
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