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Editorial-Opinion Pag* The Public Merest It The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 C FRIDAY, MAY 3, 19744 Rebozo Vague About Hughes Contribution Evaluating The Congress Rarely has Congress rated lower in public esteem, or so the polls would seem to indicate. This theme is a dominant one being developed by Gov. Dale Bumpers in his race for Bill Fulbright's seat in the Senate this spring. Mr. Bumpers suggests that the legislative branch is outmoded, i n n e f f i d - ent, and in need of new faces and ideas. By coincidence, six members of the U.S. Senate are retiring this year -- three Republicans and three Democrats. Together they represent 199 years in local, state and national offices, including 126 in the Senate. U.S. News and World Report, this week, asks of the sixsome its thoughts on the "state of the Congress." In view of Bumpers' platform, their responses seem more than pass- ingly interesting. GEORGE AIKEN, R-Vt. -- "We duck too many issues," says Aiken, who, nevertheless, has his doubts as to the veracity of most polls. He admits that Congress has faults. Too m a n y committees and subcommittees, for one thing, and too much overreaction against executive power. "Congress," he says, "wants to tell the executive how to run things, down to small details. We just can't do that." SAM J. ERVIN, D-N.C. -- Congress' low rating is no surprise to Sen. Ervin. "Congress," has had a low rating throughout listory," he explains. "A lot of people are unhappy when Congress fails to move on a law they w a n t passed. But a lot of others are squally unhappy when Congress passes a bill they don't want passed. Congress isn't intended to rush through all legislation. In fact, all of this might prove the wisdom of Congress." Ervin also opposes the idea of mandatory retirement. "It's a shame," he says, "to assume that all fools are old fools. I've found there are more young fools than old fools. Nature has a way of getting rid of old fools." HAROLD HUGHES, D-Iowa -- Retiring after only one term, Sen. Hughes finds a great deal of inefficiency in the "system." He is critical of hearings, committee meetings and partisanship. He also feels the electorate gets about the sort of government it deserves. He does believe, though, that Watergate may prove the catharsis to bring about necessary reform. WALLACE F. BENNETT, R-Utah -Voters are "confused and puzzled," says Sen. Bennett. "People tend to lump all politicians together -- the President, Congress, the Cabinet. There are more targets in Congress so we get more of the blame. He credits today's unusual state of political tension to a combative president and a competitive Congress. He defends the seniority system: "It beats any substitute I've heard of. It avoids internal bickering. A lot of firebrands cool off when they get responsibility. I'm reminded of Horatius at the Bridge: 'Those in back cried, "Forward"; those in front cried, "Back." ' " NORRIS COTTON, R-N.H. -- "Government is in to too much, in everybody's hair," he says. Many younger members of Congress believe the passage of laws can correct all problems. "1 may sound too much like an elder statesman when I say this, but that can't be done. It takes a while to discover the impracticality of trying to correct all ills by law." ALAN BIBLE, D-Nev. -- "My mail reflects that Congress is in disrepute with many," says Sen. Bible, "but I don't share it necessarily. I think our record has been a good one . . . As a group we may be in low esteem. But as individuals, members of Congress seem to come off much better (than the polls would indicate) since so many are re-elected time after time." Sen. Bible thinks a lot of the problem is growth of government. The American pe-ple are relying on the. federal government to do too much for them. From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Proponents of annexation were holding a near two to one lead ioday in the latest tabulations on the preferential vote of Farmington school district patrons. Bruce Cridcr. former Wash- ington'County sheriff and county judge, and more recently with a state department super- so VEARS AGO More than 1,000 students are expected to attend the University of Arkansas summer school that opens June 16 to continue through July 25. Summer school in 1914 had 96 students. The public library, now supported entirely by organized effort with each group supporting for one month of the (00 YEARS AGO The University: Students still continue to come in nnd the Spring term is now under full headway. One hundred and 95 are in the collegiate and preparatory departments and upwards of eight in the primary department below. Services have been held at the Methodist Church, at Masonic Hall and at the Christian vising new construction, tomorrow starts work with the University as supervisor of general construction- Four directors were elected Tuesday evening at the annual Sountry Club; they are E. J. Ball, Jack Tuck, Hayden Mcll- roy, and Bill Morton. year, now has 6.300 books. What is termed the most complete and pretentious Sunday School Leadership training program ever sponsored by the Southern Methodist Church will be opened by the Methodist Assembly on Mount Sequoyah on June 24 for two weeks. Church, during the week. There seems to be no abatement of (he interest our citizens are feeling in religion. We had a pleasnat call this week from Hon. T. W. Thomason of Cincinnati, this county. "Tiff" thinks Arkansas affairs just now are in a considerable muddle. By JACK ANDERSON W A S H I N G T O N -- T h e ubiquitous Bebe Rebozo. who mixes martinis and collects cash for President Nixon, has been hard-pressed to explain what he did with $100,000 that he received f r o m billionaire Howard Hughes in 1970. The money, earmarked lor the President, was delivered in t w o (50,000 consignments directly to the presidential estates at San Clemente and Key Biscayne. T h e r e o n presidential p r o p e r t y , t h e cash w a s r e l i n q u i s h e d b y Hughes emissary Richard Danner to the President's man Bebe. We uncovered this peculiar transaction in the summer of 1971. Bu'. not until two years later did it attract official attention. Rebozo was prepared with an alibi. He had squirreled the money away in a safe depost box. where it had gathered dust instead of interest for three years, he averred. Now his alibi is coming unstitched. We helped with t h e unraveling in a way that has now taken on special significance. We learned from a source close to the oval office that Rebozo had not held on to the Hughes money a', all but had distributed it to President Nixon's brothers, Donald a n d Edward, and to the President's secretary. Rose Mary Woods. But we could not prove, and therefore could not prin'., the The Washington Merry-Go-Round They'll Do It Every Time Â· B Y , 6Â£T WINESAP SOOME80RUATEC! rKW OWÂ£ THEY LET HIM OJTA oAlt? Gais Making It In Radio The world of radio and television still is dominated by men, but the women are catching up. In 197,1, according to the Labor Department's Women's Bureau, women held 25 per cent of the 34,300 radio and television jobs, an increase of one per cent over the previous year. A large percentage of these women occupied clerical and secretarial posilions. But more and more women are filling posts formerly dominated by men -newscaster, cameraman, producer, program director, editor, and even disk jockey. Many of these women belong to A m e r i c a n Women in Radio a n d T e l e v i s i o n , xvhich will hold its annual convention beginning on Wednesday. May 8. in New York. Barbara Walters, host of the NBC Today show and moderator of her own daily panel program, Not for Women Only, is scheduled to address the group on Friday, May 10. AWRT was established in 1951 to increase the prestige of women broadcasters, executives, administrators, and those engaged in creative work in radio and television advertising and allied fields. A profile on job classifications of AWRT's 2,280 members will not be available until later this spring. But a preliminary report released in January' disclosed that the job most commonly held by AWRT members in on-the-air broadcaster. The typical AWRT member earns between $10,000 to $15,000 a year; 31 per cent, however, e a r n more than $15.000. Although she reports to a man, she has at least one person working for her. Almost one- third of the members have at least one male employe. The most visible women in broadcasting are the television newscasters. A telephone survey of the networks, however, reveals a continuing under-representation. In 1972 there was only one woman correspondent at ABC and CBS. At NBC there were only five. Today there are five women at ABC, seven at CBS and 14 at NBC. There is still not one anchorwoman on any nightly network news program, even though many women are working in this capacity on. the local level. (ERR) story. Limited to no more than a pencil and a notebook to compel the facts, we decided to turn the information over to someone with a subpoena. We lold what we knew, therefore, to the Senate Watergate Committee. We also suggested the witnesses who should be put under oath, and provided a list of questions that should be asked. The committee's crack in- vestiga'or, Terry Lenzner, took over the hunt. His search for evidence led him to President Nixon's personal attorney, Herbert Kalmbach, who refused to answer questions on the grounds that he had an attorney-client relationship with Rebozo. But the shrewd Lenzner asked Rebozo whether he had gone to Kalmbach for legal advice on the Hughes $100.000. The tight-lipped Bebe denied he had consulted Kalmbach. Both Kalmbach and Rebozo were summoned to Capitol Hill and were questioned simul- t a n e o u s I y under oath in separate rooms. Again, Kalmbach tried to claim attorney- client privilege. But Chairman Sam Ervin, D- N.C., noting Rebozo's denial t h a t he had sought Kalmbach's legal advice, ruled against Kalmbach. Threatened with contemp', if he didn't testify, t h e President's attorney acknowledged he had met at the White House with Â»n anguished Rebozo on April 30, 1973 Rebozo related that the tlOO.OOO Hughes payment was under investigation by the Internal Revenue Service and that he couldn't reveal what he had done with the money. Kalmbach testified, He said Rebozo told him tha'. he had passed out the money to Rose M a r y Woods, the Nixon brothers and "others." The President had asked him to s e e k Kalmbach's advke. Rebozo allegedly said. Kalmbach advised him to tell the IRS the full story but offered to consult a tax attorney for his expert opinion. Shortly afterward, Kalmbach discussed the case with government attorney Stanley Ebner, taking care not to mention the famous names involved. We learned about Kalmbach's e x p l o s i v e testimony from Senate sources and immediately sought Rebozo's comments. We reached him on April 1 through an intermediary, whom we had used in the past. We told the intermediary only that an attorney, whom Rebozo had consulted, had testified about the Hughes money going to the President's secretary and his brothers. We positively did not mention Kalmbach's name. This is the recollection, too. of the intermediary. Yet we have now Car Pooling To Impeachmentville King F*ttu res Sy nd \tt\ learned that Rebozo inv mediatley tried to reach Kalmbach. The call was returned thÂ» next day by Kalmbach's attorney. James O'Connor oJ Phoenix, who told Rebozo that Kalmbach was under Senate injunction not to discus* the Hughes case with anyone. Rebozo pleaded desperately that he had an attorney-client relationship with Kalmbach. The chairman had ruled otherwise and had ordered Kalmbach to testify "under penalty of contempt," 0 Connor informed Rebozo. "Oh God," wailed Rebozo, "This is the worst thing that has happened to me." The President's confidant had Kood reason for his anguish. He had sworn tinder oath that he had kept Hughes' $100.000 gift on ice for three years and, thereefore, had no need to seek Kalmbach's legal advice. Yet when he learned through us that an attorney had divulged ho wthe money had been distributed, Rebozo didn't need to be told which attorney. He immediately tried to get hold of Kalmbach. Senate investigators have also checked with Stanley Ebner, who has confirmed Kalmbach s S "he i m p l i c a t i o n s for President Nixon could be more dangerous than any other Watergate revelation. For if Rebozo distributed $100,000 in Hughes cash to the President s secretary and family, if strains all credulity to suggest that Richard Nixon was told no.mng about it by his bosom friend and constant shadow. F O O T N O T E : Hebozo is Â·dirkinz to his story, nevertheless that he kept the $100.000 in a safe deposit box. Hose Marv Woods and the Nixon brothers have also denied getting any cash from Rebozo. French Uncertain On Reform Bv YOR1CK BI.UMENFEI.D PARIS - "Monsieur le President Francois Mitterand? H sounds entirely plausible. Not since the Popular Front of the 1930s has the French left had as gond a chanro to win power. "Life must be changed, 1 M i t t e r a n d says. " W e must give e v e r y b o d y a reason to live. We must bring back the sense of . the. word vivre." Observing Mitlcrand at close range in his Montparnasse campaign headquarters, it is difficult to imagine a more elegant eloquent, and unflappable presidential candidate. Watching how this Jesuit-trained Socialist operates makes it easy for an American interviewer to understand why, in this election race, the left is united and the right is split. . .' The big question in Paris is whether the Communist Parly, which is backing Mitterand. will prove to be an albatross around his neck. The candidate himself is unconcerned. "I have no pretensions to Marxism." he told Editorial Research Reports. H o w e v e r . t h e Pans newspaper L'Express quotes Communist leader Georges Marchais as saying that ' Tha agreement between us is total. It is widely thought that Mitterand put forward his "charter of liberties" to counteract any fears that a Socialist victory would mean the end of freedom in France. From The Readers Viewpoint Undone To the Editor: We, the people, the citizenry of the city of Fayetteville, the taxpayers, have allowed our government to come completely undone at the seams. We have put the making of the dollar, and amusement, and pleasure, before us as our God and have refused to become concerned about what's going on in our city, our county, our state, or our federal government. It would not surprise me at all to see an ordinance brought forth that would cause you or me to be served with a court order to paint our homes pea green with purple flowers on it. .And we would be stuck with it. You may think this is an absurd statement. Read Ordinance 1661 and its amendment, and see how absurd my statement was. It has recently been rumored that Fayetteville will abandon its project of a closed access highway for Highway 62 West. However, this is short of the intended goal of the Concerned Citizens. I myself feel t h a t we should approach the city and bring about a cancelling of Ordinance 1661 and its amendment. Let it be further understood that we. the Concerned Citizens, insist that all other ordinances that have been passed since- 1971 be copied and mailed to every taxpayer-citizen within the Fayetteville city limits. I'm sure you are aware of the beautiful calendar that was printed and put out by the City of FayetteviUe. I can assure you that the photostating of the hidden ordinances could be done, and copies could . he mailed, considerably cheaper than this calendar. The City of Fayetteville had five million dollars at their disposal last year. W* have approximately a half a million dollar mis- cellaneous f u n d , according to the Council and Mayor Purdy. yet we have to send our policemen out in patrol cars at" 4 o'clock in the morning, alone. This is an absolute disaster. Our police force is short by at least 35 per cent in personnel. Their pay is at least 25 to 30 per cent under. Yet our City Directors find it necessary to publish a calendar that could not have possibly cost less than $.86 apiece to publish, and they have- made in excess.of 10,000 of them. I have it on authority if this calendar had been published by a graphic arts center it would have been in e x c e s s of $10 apiece. I was informed, however, that most of this work was done by city employes on city equipment. But no one has been able yet to show me the equipment that made the negatives for the beautiful color prints in the calendar. This calendar, with its color pictures of the city, on a wonderful grade of paper, comes to me as a great shock, since I realize that its sole purpose .is to bring a financial statement to each taxpaying citizen with an opportunity afforded them for responding with comments concerning city affairs. This could have been done at a cost of about 5 cents per copy delivered to every citizen. Spending such a large amount of money on this calendar seems to me to be a great waste, when I realize how underpaid our police department is, and how short it is on personnel. And I wish the members of the City Council and the Planning Commission would stop and think hov.- they would like to live in this town 24 hours without the protection of the police department. I am opposed to the c i t y management type of government. It invariably winds up we have here, with ( o( our f, where you have a situation like 7 directors out of one voting precinct. If our citizenry will see fit to write their state senators and their state legislators on a proposed amendment to the Constitution of this state, to increase the salary of mayors and city officials to something that is in the bounds of reason, without coming up with such a ridiculous figure as $5,000 a year; and you know t h a t all you can get for $5,000 a year is a $4,000 man looking for work. T want it at this time to be understood that I do not dislike Mr. Grimes, the present city manager. 1 myself would be one of the first to nominate him to run for mayor of this city, because I feel that he is one of the few t h a t is qualified, providing he was offered a salary sufficient for his knowledge. I also propose, to my constituents and the members of the Concerned Citizens of 62 West, and to every other citizen, that the sewer easement agreements t h a t were signed by the people along 62 West corridor, that runs from Fayetteville to the city of Farmington. be returned to us, as they were obtained by chicanery, under false pretense, through the concealment of ordinance 1661 and the proposed amendment that hadn't even been passed. Then 1 would like for the Council to call a meeting and notify us on 62 West when this meeting is going to be hetd, and let us again elaborate on this proposed right of way dedication to the City of Fayetteville. I myself, personally, intend to start a suit to recover my agreement, if it is not brought forth and offered to me. I suggest that aU the other people along 62 West do the same, not collectively, but one citizen at a time. Archie Blanton Fayetteville . WHEN THIS REPORTER asked a chambermaid about Mitterand. she replied: J'Can you trust an unknown?" An aging concierge volunteered that she didn't like Mitterand because "he's too sure of himself, too self-possessed." And a young female professor at the Institute de Science Politique said: "We have a police state now -- but can we really expect Milterand to change that?" These doubts on the part of women voters, who form a majority of the French electorate, may constitute Mitterand's greatest challenge. The Parisian right fears that a Socialist victory would lead to national unheaval. Leftists spread sinister tales of an alleged plan hatched in the ministry of interior which would take effect in the event Mitterand wins. To an outside observer, these apprehensions seem excessive. But Stanley Cohen, a Paris-based American lawyer dealing in corporate affairs, believes a Socialist victory would trigger a massive flight of capital from France, Cohen bases his prediction on Mitterand's proiwsals to give all workers a fifth week of v a c a t i o n , reduced wortting hours, and retirement at agÂ» 60. In addition. Mitterand wants to nationalize nine companies and restrkl any expansion by foreign companies operating in France. Ironically, though, many French businessmen want Mitterand to win. They feel that only he can head off a social revolution. IF ELECTED, Mitterand wo u 1 d have to deal wrth a Parliament In which the Gaullists and their allies currently hold a majority of seats. It is conceivable that they would refuse to confirm Mitterand's cabinet, thus forcing the president to call for new parliamentary elections. Mitterand wants to maintain French ties to NATO, improve relations with the United States, and bring France into the European security, SALT, and disarmament talks, all of which the Gaullisti boycotted. It would appear, in short, that he would be no more a radical in office than Willy Brandt in West Germany or Harold Wil- Â·on in Britain. But first he must win. and to do that he will have to make gains among France'* undecided voter*.