Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 2, 1974 · Page 4
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May 2, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, May 2, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest !s The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1974 Probers Rap Nixon's Misuse Of Funds State Of Affairs The Arkansas Dilemma By CLAYTON' FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- Despite its relatively small sixe, Arkansas probably lias more legislative power in Washington than any otlier state in the Union, Us senior senator, John McClellan, is chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Its junior senator is J. \V. Ful- bright, c h a i r m a n of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, I n the House, another supremely powerful Arkansnn, Wilbur Mills, is chairman of the key Ways and Means Committee. Fulbrighl, who is now running for a sixth term, is "junior"' only because McClellan. 78, has server! even longer hi the Senate It's hard to recall any slate ever having at one time such ja concentration of influence on Capitol Hill. New York and California are each about 10 times larger in population than Arkansas, but between them they can't claim the chairmanship of a single major committee. In a few weeks, though, Arkansas could lose some of Us pre-eminence if its star. Bill Fulbright. Is defeated lor re- nomination by Dale Bumpers, a young two-term governor who aspires to Fulbright's scat. The election (said to be touch and go) is acutely uncomfortable for m a n y voters w h o have previously supported both men, but who now, unhappily, have to choose between them. Bumpers has been ,T popular governor whose moderate policies have won the support of many voters who would have preferred to have him seek a third term as governor on May 28 (considered a sure t h i n g ) , and then run for the Senate f o u r years from now when Sen. McClellan is expected to retire at the age of 82. .. SINCE BUMPERS has generally supported Fulbright's actions in Congress, it is hard for m a n y to understand why he suddenly decided to run Eor the Senate this year. The best explanation seems to he that he is simply a young man in a hurry who wants to strike while his political iron is hot As the campaign nears the stretch, however, this situation is causing him some embarrassment, f o r he is not in a position to complain about Fulbright stands that he has previously approved. The Bumpers d i l e m m a has been sharply analyzed by the state's leading newspaper, the esteemed Arkansas Gazette of Little Rock Hampers, it says, "is asking the people to t u r n out a veteran incumbent senator, one of the most honored men ever reared in Arkansas, without even making a case agmnsl him!" The paper challenged the governor "to stop putting us all on and, instead, to define issues he has to make against the record of Bill Fulbright." Bumpers, the Gazette points out, "has 30 years of Fut- brighl's record to examine, and surely he must object to SOMETHING Fulbright has done. So far, Bumpers is just running against Congress and 'foreign relations He is very nearly standing in contempt of his own constituency." .. ARKANSAS HAS HAD a special pride in FuJbright since his youth, lie was the captain of the University of Arkansas football team; he won a Rhodes Scholarship, and he returned to become the state university's youngest president. In 1942, as a freshman congressman, he introduced the historic Fulbright resolution, which became a beacon for U.S post-World War II foreign policy. But the nation has also come to have a stake in his career, for he has turned out to be a towering figure as c h a i r m a n of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee where, putting partisanship aside, he has steadfastly and effectively opposed the warmongering of both Democratic and Republican Presidents. Supported by a remarkably united committee, he was in the forefront of the fight to end the Vietnamese war and the bombing of Cambodia, Under him, the Tonkin Gulf resolution was repealed, and the Senate re- a s s e r t e d i t s constitutional covers over war making. Restraints have been placed on militiary aid to military dictatorships, along with re-examination of U.S. foreign commitments. As a result, headstrong ['residents will no longer find it easy to drag the United States into reckless interventions abroad. Nevertheless, despite his opposition to the President over Vietnam, Fulbright is now working extremely closely with Mr. Nixon's secretary of state, Henry Kissinger, in trying to bring about a viable peace settlement in the Middle East and a reliable detente with Russia. It is no secret that Dr Kissinger feels his Senate collaborator is playing an indispensable role, ., (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times John I. Smith Area Farming By JOE GASTON (Of the Sot) (Conservation Service) Conservation and wise use of our natural resources have; played important roles in the agricultural development of Northwest Arkansas in recent years. Probably no other area in the state has a better developed pasture and livestock pro- gram than Northwest Arkansas. Agricultural enterprises have changed from predominently rowrcrop, small grain and dairy : .-farming to beef cattle and poul- 'try. Tall fescue, bermuda grass and clover pastures have replaced the cultivated fields. Old gullies and eroded land have been healed with the lush, green grasses and legumes From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Allocation of funds For an Urban Renewal project at S p r i n g dale w a s announced today by the offices of Sen. J. W. Fulbright and Rep. Jim Trimble: the project is to co n t r o 1 surface drainage through the downtown section of the city. 50 YEARS AGO A building of native stone to equal in beauty, size, and d u r a - bility of that being erected by the Epworth League of the Methodist Episcopal Church, on Mount Sequoyah, is planned by women of 12 ..Methodist conferences on Methodist Assembly grounds here. 100 YEARS AGO Up to going (o press this morning there is no particular change in affairs at the capital. Gov. Brooks says he will abide the decision of the courts and he has appealed the case in order to bring it before the Supreme Court. The festive plow boys will have i big time today at Farm- Next fall's general election \v[)l see opponents fighting for alt hut two of Mariison County's public offices. A three-row set of bleachers and a new concession stand arc now under construction at the city park poo!. Mayor Guy Brown said today. A concrete swimming pool may be built in either City Park or the new tourist camp ground if plans now in process are carried ont. Jeff P^arris. mentor of the Paragould High School athletics, will coach varsity men next year as assistant to Coach Francis Schmidt. ington. Big talks and then plenty of good eats wil! be the order of the day. Deputy Sheriffs Beaty and Pettigrew captured n Missouri horse thief on Friday of last week near this city. Parties from that stale have already called for him. which prevent erosion and furnish hay and pasture for approximately 110,000 cattle in Washington County. T h e various agricultural agencies have contributed to the progressive development of our agricultural economy. Over 4600 ponds have been constructed with cost sharing assistance and technical advice. Over 130.000 acres of permanent pasture and hay]and have been established and thousands of acres have received lime and fertilizer as a result of cost sharing assistance. Good grass cover reduces jiollution of our streams and lakes by preventing thousands of tons of sediment from choking our streams and filling our ponds and lakes. MUCH CONTROVERSY has arisen over disposition of the manure from 100 million broilers raised annually in Washington County. Probably the best way to dispose of the litter is to apply it to our pastures and hayland at the rate of two Eons per acre per year. It is a valuable fertilizer' and very little of the nutrients gets into our streams if it is app into our streams if it is applied to pastures with a good vegetative growth. The high cost and short supply of commercial fertilizer has caused the chicken litter to be a valuable asset to the beef cattle producer in this part of the state. The cost of commercial fertilizer based on soil test recommendations is often over $30 per acre. They'll Do It^Every Time SO MOW YON ARE THE CON PtriONS THAT PREVAIL ? Ol A NEW ROOF WHEN THE XP ONE SPRUNG A COUPLE OFSMAU. LEAKS- LOOK,WE60T *ORE LEAKS NOW THAN WE HAP WITH THE OLPROOF/ THE DECREASE in cattle prices in recent weeks requires better management if a cattleman makes much profit from beef cattle. A year-round pasture program is practical using 75 per cent tall fescue and white clover and 25 per cent hermuda grass and lespedcza. Surplus forage can be cut for hay in the spring from a portion of the fescue and used during the severe part of the w i n t e r . Hay is expensive to harvest and a minimum amount should be required. Bible Verse "And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole." Mark 6:56. More of His work was done out on the street t h a n in the sanctuary. Perhaps this ought to say something to us. "They went everywhere preaching the word," By J A C K ANDERSON WASHINGTON 1 -- In a sizzling, secret report which Republicans are fighting to suppress. House investigators have charged that President Nixon has spent $17 million in public f u n d s on his private estates. The report lashes the responsible government agencies for their cavalier spending and calls upon them to "seek restitution" of the "unauthorized expenditures." "(They) have abused the discretion given them," charges the report. "They have permitted public fund's to be used to procure nonsecurity items. They have permitted non- g o v e r n m e n t personnel t o commit federal government funds. They have abandoned fiscal responsibility...." The Secret Service is singled out for allowing President Nixon to improve his private property in the name of security. This "has tarnished the image of a once highly rcsuec- ted organization," declares the report. The cost of providing protection on private presid^n-fai pro- pert}' has soared, : *^».'s the r e p o r t , "from pq-^.ucally nothing during the Roosevelt- Truman era to more than S17 million d u r i n g the first five years of the Nixon Administration. This is more than the combined salaries of all United Stales Presidents." President Nixon is lectured for "imposing burdens on the taxpayers of the n a t i o n . Maintaining private residences for use a few days each year." scolds the report, "imposes a h ea vy burde n o n th e public treasury.... "Funds needed to provide presidential security should be, have been and are realty available. However, every dollar tbat is diverted into nonsecurity expenditures under this program is a dollar that is not The Washington Merry-Go-Round "So shall my word be tbat gctth forth out of my mouth: il shall not return u n t o me void, bui shall accomplish that which I please, and H shall prosper in the thing whereto I lent it." Isaiah 55:11 Don't debate it just declare it! There are no crop failures with gospel seed. As we sow in faith, the fruit of it will lively corns forth. "My word shall not pass away," then available to provide needed additional security." This is the latest word on a scandal we pried open on Oct. 3. 1972, when we reported that the taxpayers were financing improvements at President Nixon's San Clemente estate. A House subcommittee, headed by Rep. Jack Brooks, D-Tex., conducted an exhaustive investigation. The findings were approved by the Democrats but rejected by the Republicans, who have now produced their own report. We have obtained bootleg copies of both versions. The differences are quite revealing: --The Republican version completely ignores the question of paying the taxpayers back for "unauthorized expenditures" o n P r e s i d e n t Nixon's San Clemente and K e y Biscayne property. Yet the Joint Taxation Committee, which investigated Mr. Nixon's tax returns, counted these expenditures as extra income and ruled that the President owned taxes on them. -- T h e Republican draft doesn't mention the $17 million -- $9.2 m i l l i o n at San Clemente and $7.8 million at Key Biscayne -- that the Brooks report claims the government spent on the two estates. The Republicans speak instead of $700,000 that the President spent on his San Clemente house and brush off the rest casually as "additional expenditures of federal money." --The Republican version deletes evidence that the Nixons personally ran up the government gardening bill at Key Biscayne. Referring to the Nixons as "our clients," a General Services Administration memo reports that they "had visited Key Biscayne and some chan- ges had been m a d e in the landscaping plan." This resulted in a $4.685.70 increase in the original bill. --The Republican report also treats as routine the installation of an exhaust fan in the fireplace of the President's San Clemente den. Not mentioned is a memo from the secretary to President Nixon's attorney, Herb Kalmbach, reporting that the Sectet Service had agreed to "pay off the installation of the fireplace fan after I informed him (the agent in charge) that it definitely was placed for security reason and how would he like it if you know who was aspixiated (sic)." --The GOP version doesn t make clear that the taxpayers shelled out $5,300 for the installation and purchase of 13 lanterns to light and beauify the presidential grounds. Four are still being stored in a warehouse. --The two versions disagree over a $1,666.90 bill which presidential crony Robert Abplanalp submitted to the GSA for repairs and painting on houses in the President's Key Biscayne compound. The Brooks report notes that "nothing in GSA's records indicates under what authority M r . Abplanalp h a d acted in contracting for work for which GSA assumed responsibility " More charitably, t h e Republicans conclude that Abplanalp had acted in "a good faith manner." --At San Clemente, the government shelled out $57,582 for a wall to encircle the 26 acres of land which the President originally purchased. He later sold all but six acres to Abplanalp. Yet the Brooks report notes that "no effort was made to reimburse the federal government in any way." De- Space Age From The Readers Viewpoint Water We Going To Do? To the Editor: Congratulations to everyone who presented, and those who attended, the public hearing in Springdale on the Regional Sewage Treatment Plan. The background and purpose were well stated. The Statements and discussion from the audience were lucid and perceptive in trying to clear the numerous problems t h a t are always involved in a plan of action involving so m a n y people, cities, counties, and even states. It is understandable that the authors of the plan, Dr. Dee Mitchell and associates of the University, wanted to recommend what appears to be the lower cost plan: to continue processing our sewage through only second-stage treatment and d u m p it all into one run-off, the Illinois River. When it was asked if second- stage treatment would suffice to maintain our NW Arkansas streams and Beaver Lake pure enough for just recreational use (assuming that perhaps a new drinking water reservoir could be built further up into the h e a d w a t e r s , i s o l a t e d from urban life) the reply was no. And sound reasons were given. Besides, isolated reservoirs are no more pure than Beaver would be if kept dean. But should we then be surprised that Oklahoma objects to second-stage- effluent flowing into their Lake Tenkiller? The basic purpose of EPA legislation was to insure that the clear, good streams and lakes stay clear, good, and useful to human beings. We h u m a n beings are intelligent enough to realize, even if slowly, that our carefree use of our land does make a mess. And we want very much to now r take good care of that endangered life our precious earth, our beautiful NIV Arkansas. So, though we appreciate the recommendation of Dr. Mitchell and the NWARPC that we go the cheaper route, the audience seemed far more ready to go on to third-.stage (tertiary) treatment for everybody's sewer plants. Dr. Mitchell's initial plan. Why spen da huge pile of money on big regional plants of only second-stage capability that will have to be abandoned about tetn years later? In 1985, says the Water Quality Law, we must not put ANY 'POLLUTANTS into our streams. Dr. Mitchell admitted that it was less expensive to put third-stage treatment into each city plant than it would be to put hird-sage capabiliy into the big regional plants. We in Fayetteville are well aware by now that what seems to be the most expedient route usually ends up being the most costly route, We are still paying for one enginering project after another that we no longer use. Let us go on t» tertiary treatment now, and be honest and kinder to ourselves, and our Oklahoma neighbors, to boot. Mrs. T. C. Carlson, Jr. Fayetteville From Afar To the Editor: I'm a young A r k a n s a n studying in Japan. Thousands of miles away from my home state. I've been reading in the international press: Bill Fulbright's in trouble. And I'm worried. The implications for Arkansas's reputation abroad are serious. When I first came to Japan and told people here 1 was an American from Arkansas, I would often be met by blank stares. But other people's faces would light up: "Oh! That's where Senator Fulbright's from, isn't it?" And I'd be proud to admit I came from the same Ozark town as the Senator. Internationally, Arkansas is k n o w n not for its Razorbacks but for its junior Senator. As the powerful chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, he is respected and admired around the globe, and some of that shine reflects on less well- known Travellers like the rest of us. On top of that, Fulbright Scholarships, which send young Americans all over th« world to study and bring foreign young people here to learn about America, have been a powerful force in increasing international understanding and co-operation. Fulbright Scholarships have raised the standing of Arkansas and of the U.S. in the eyes of the world. So let's kep Arkansas's number one- international asset, Bill Fulbright, in the Senate. W« need him there, and so does the country. "Robert B, L«flar Tokyo. Japan fending the President, the Republican draft argues that Nixon didn't benefit from the wall. --Both reports agree t h a t th« President paid only $1,043 for paving at San Clemente while the taxpayers wound up with a $21,044 bill. The Brooks report cites a memo from the President's architect. Hal Lynch. suggesting the paving cost "be shared equally by the contractor General Services and the Secret Service." The GOP document preferred to view the paving as serving "a protective purpose or incident to other protective work." MEDIA MISFIRE: A gadfly group, which calls itself "Accuracy in Media." has been taking potshots at the press in the name of accuracy. Its own accuracy has been so slipshod, however, that few editors pay attention to it. In a recent blast, for example, the group accused us and other newsmen of falsely reporting that Graham Martin, the U.S. ambassador to Saigon, had urged the State Department to deny -"honest and detailed" answers on Indochina to Sen, Ted Kennedy, D-Mass. Since this information camo right out of Martin's confidential cable to the State Department, we were curious where in the world "Accuracy in Media" got the idea our story was false. The attack on us, we learned, was written by a Federal Reserve employe named Reed Irvine who acts as the group's; chairman. His effort was processed by the operational chief, Abraham Kalish, who admitted he didn't have a copy of Martin's cable for reference at the time he okayed Irvine's attack. "Not even we are 101) per cent perfect." Kalish admitted. French Not Sure About Elections By YORICK BLUMENFELD PARIS (ERR) -- Frenchmen will vote for a new president in national elections on May 5. A runoff election between "the two candidates with the most votes will be held May 19. "THE PRESIDENT of t h e Republic must be No. 1 in the country, but he should no longer be the only one," says Francois Mitterand, the Socialist candidate for France's highest office. The loading contenders in the 12-man race agree that the presidency became monarchical under Charles de Gaulle and Georges Pompidou and that a restructuring of the office is essential. Even Jacques Chaban-Delmas, the Gaullist candidate, says it is wrong for the president to "dodge or fear" the parliament. All of the candidates endorse the view of the interim president, Alain Poher, that France's chief executive must remain aloof From partisan squabbling. In a tete vised debate with Chaban-Delmas, Mitterand said that the president should no longer mononolizc all executive - functions. He went on to propose ( h a t the ores Eden tin! term of office be reduced from seven to five years and (hat the president be prohibited from calling nationwide referendums to circumvent parliament. Although France borrowed tbe presidential form of government from the United Stales, it is no wgenerally accepted as an integral part of the French system. The Paris newspaper LeMonde notes that m a n y moderates still yearn nostalgically For the old parliamentary system. But they are keeping their thoughts to thorn- selves. for they realize that most Frenchmen want no part of the revolving-door regimes t h a t characterized the Fourth ·Republic. AT THE SAME lime, as columnist Raymond Aron observed in le Figaro, there is concern that the Napoleonic myth has been superimposed on the French presidency. De Gaulle said in lflfi-1 that "the individual authority of the state" was vested in one person, the president. Pompidou felt the same way. He insisted, even during his grave illnes.s, on having the final word on eve ry thing from I h e route of a highway falon gthc Seine to devaluation of the franc. Writing in Le Figaro, commentator Pierre Mauroy asked: "Have we forgotten? Democracy presupposes an equilibrium between executive, judicial and legislative functions. Our country has strang*!? removed itself from these fundamental principles," V A L E f R Y G f S C A R D d'Estaing, the Independent Republican candidate, has proposed that an Arnerican-styl« office of vice president be *s- tablished. It is now obvious that the Fifth Republic's machinery for ha ndling presidential succession is inadequate. Gisoard also favors the introduction of proportional representation Id parliament so as to give minor* Ry parties a greater voive in government. He hai said, moreover, that he would not appoint a premier from th* ranks of his own party. Despite aD this talk of reforms, H Is highly problematical that any will he implemented, no matter who wins the election, Pompidou, after all, tried last year to redoc* the presidential term of office to five years, htrt was rebuffed by the National Assembly. If it i» difficult to see how any new presi dent will be able to muster sufficient support In what shapes up as an extremely divided parliament to push through constitutional chanfn that were denied Pompidou,

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