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J^orujtocst Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The first Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â« WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1974 Nixon 'Arranged' For Film. Star Support Campaign Footnotes Television likes to think of itself as a member, in full and good standing, in the brotherhood of journalists. Teevee prides itself as the major communicator with Ihc American public in matters of news and national affairs. Many public opinion polls in recent years seem to support the notion, and the Nixon administration's attacks on the "media," with finger pointed most notably at tv commentator Dan Rather, reinforce the proposition. When you get right down to the First Amendment, though, and the traditions of a free and open press, there IS a difference. The difference is notably demonstrated in a recent decision by Little Rock teevee stations to limit the number of 30-minute time segments available for political purposes. Truthfully, we can sympathize with the problems for teevee that political broadcasts create. The "fairness doctrine" insists t h a t if one candidate gets a slot, those of his opponents who also want one are entitled thereto. Then there is the peculiar aspect of the m e d i u m which allows a station to sell a few 30-sccond spots for as much as the 30 minutes, making the former a much better business deaf for the station nianagei 1 . And, there is the u n m e n t i o n a b l e fact t h a t practically no one ever watches a 30- m i n u t e political speech on tv, whereas all sorls of numb-minded Americans habitually tune in to whatever ihe prime time schedule has to offer. In a great many homes in the state, you can look at the teevee screen and a u t h o r i t a t i v e l y say that if it's Gunsmoke, it must be Monday. Teevee stations make no bones about being sensitive to viewer demand. By contrast, newspaper pages are open to any sort of advertisement -- short of the immoral or libelous -- and news columns reflect less what the public dictates, than what trained reporters hope is a fairly oh- Art Buchwald joctivc presentation of the public record. We don't really begrudge tcovee its considerable influence on public opinion. More Americans arc aware of what their government is doing today than ever before in our history. And THAT is good. We do, however, want to remind our readers that teevee isn't the only, nor necessarily the best place to improve on that "awareness." In the long run the newspaper is the best source of news, because thai's its full-time job. ON A SLIGHTLY different tack, we see by the paper ( a n d note on leevee) assorted comments regarding the size of political contributions in several of the state campaigns. A lot of the comment seems to us to be missing the point. The "Watergate connection" with campaign contributions is not so much with their size, as the fact that so many of Mr. Nixon's collections were anonymous, covert, in unlraccable cash, and improperly used. Had a f u l l accounting been made of the Vcsco, Hughes, ITT, AMPl, etc., contributions, the disclosures themselves would have purged the Committee for the Re-election of the President. It is in secrecy, as well as u n k n o w n dimensions of i n f l u e n c e peddling that is the root of campaign finance problems. For this reason a good m a n y critics of the present system still argue for p a r t public, part private f i n a n c i n g of future campaigns, but with full disclosure. That, at the present time, is the form of the bill presently being considered by Congress. The key ingredient, whatever the system of control, is an alert press able to obtain accurate records of who contributed what to whom. The press, itself, ought to better appreciate its own indispensable role in this. Not Much Fun For Liberals Ry ART R U C I I W A L D WASHINGTON -- You would think L li e s e would ho great timc.s Tor lilK'rais, hut I've discovered many of them are in a deep depression. Partridge was as g l u m as I've ever seen him the other day. "These are lousy times for all of us." he said as lie munched on a watercress salad. From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Six Democratic candidates filed j u s t before the noon deadline today, setting up contests for two "offices; city attorney and alderman. Ward throe. Hugh R. Kincaid and Tom Pearson. Jr., are candidates for the attorney's post. Seventeen co-eds will vie For the title of -Miss University of 50 '-'EARS AGO With perhaps the cleverest parade ever staged in Fayelte- ville. the Agris this morning took the town by storm, and with the streets crowded to see their processional, "did t h e m selves proud." Dickson street will probably be paved by commencement. June 7-11. according to a state- rOO YEARS AGO The University Band boys will 50011 bo rigged out in their uniforms. The uniform is TO be r: ay t ri m med wit h ?c :i r' el --trey will re-emblc the C on fed- eri.ie ar':!if-ryrnen. It w a s our pietisi]re Wednesday afternoon in witness the ca'.-'.neiv.e PM-rcL.-e- by ; c: :.s of f o r t y young l a d i e s ai the Um- Arkansas tomorrow in a b e a u t y pageant at 8 p.m. at the men's gym. The Springdale City Council has fixed M a y 7 as the date for consideration of certification of a petition calling Tor a referendum on the city's newly adopted sanitation ordinance. ment by city engineer, E.M. R a t c l i f f . A cast of one hundred nnd f i f t y people is being selected for "Springtime", a musical comedy, wi\icb will appear at the Q u a r k Theatre. May 16 and 17. under the auspices of the Y.W. and Y.M.C.A. versity. The class is in charge of Miss M.R. Gorton, who h a n d l e s t h e m as well as a \Vesi Pointer dues a company of old regulars. Our farmers are considerably behind with their work, owing to the recent rains. Some predict that Eh is will be a bat! crop year. They'll Do It Every Time HORROR MOVIE QUIZ TH H^RQilJE RUMS SO MPJ SO COME ALWAYS CATCHES UP WITH "How can you say that.Part- ridge 1 .' You should be rejoicing with Watergate ant! the fact that Nixon is on the ropes." "It's no f u n being against Nixon a n y m o r c. Everyone's a g a i n s t N i x o n . W h o tlie hell w a n t s to ho in the m a i n s t r e a m of American politics? Who wants to march to somebody else's drum?" "I don't understand." "The first four years it was great to be against Nixon, Yon could scream and shout about w h a t the man was doing to the country, and everyone (hought you were some; kind of nut. People would argue with you or ignore you. "But at least you knew t h a t you were in the minority, and yon had a w a r m fee ting because you were sure all nf then] were wrong and you were right. "I remember going lo p a r t i e s and people insulting me because I caned .Vixon a crook. I attended anti-Vietnam rallies ant! the FBf took my picture. I circulated pet i 1 ions a g a i n s t A t t y . Gen. Mitchell and I wrote letters to editors against Cars- vve) 1 bc-i ng a ppoi n tec! to the S u p r e m e Court " M A Y B K [ WAS considered a radical left-winger, but by gum I h a d un i d e n t i t y of my own. Then Watergate took place and as time went on ;ill the people I used to argue with sf,1 rteri to come over to my side. "Whatever i accused Xixon of brought chceis from the c r o u d . The very people who called me v i l n names a d m i t t e d I'd boon right all airing, when I discovered' Nixon had no defenders some tiling w i t h i n me died." "I see w h a t. you mean," I said. "I guess the f i n a l blow came when Sen. -James Buckley asked for the President to resign. Can you i m a g i n e how it feels for a dyed-in-the-wool liberal to be on the same side as a Eluckley?" " I t doesn't l e a v e y o u a n y place* to an/' "We liberals," Partridge said, "can only thrive when we're in opposition (o snmrborly, in a hopeless cause. We're not any good when the whole damn country is echoing everything wo say. "I think Til set out of politic?." he ^aici in distrust. "I WOULD HATK to see you do that. Partridge." I told him. "I have an idea that might resolve y o u r nrohlem A? long as the majority of the country is against Xixon. \ \ h y don't you defend h i m ? " "You can't be serious," he 5 a id. "\Vhy not? U would put you hack in the minority again and you could find yourself heirs ostracized by the same people who took is'K' with you before Watergate. Only t h i s time you would he on Nixon's s'do and t h c g v wo i:! d be n 2 p.in si h i m . It would 'if- a yreai \s ay to get bark at Buckley." "I'll do it." he said excitedly"Talk about being involved in a hopple5= cati-e. Thi? coulci top them al!." (C) 1H7-1. Los Angeles Times Hy J A C K A N D K H S O V W A S H I N G T O N - President Nixon apparently a r r a n g e d .spec i a l - ; i x b r e a k s for the movie industry, which his camp'iiiui a i ' I ^ s U ' f l '.( squeeze political s u p p o r t from Hollywood ^tfirs in 1972. This is strongly sut-gcsterl in c o n f i d e n t ?t I c a m p a i g n iriernos. which we have just uncovered. Tile rnenifjs also speak of using actress Ali MacGraw to hire Henry Kissinger lo Hollywood, where he might ^ P p! '- Miiidcr] to w h i s p e r pro Nixon sentiments into the ears of f i l m celebrities. '' We should a sk Hen ry.'' suggested one memo, "to say something l i k e , 'It would make me very h a p p y if you coulri see your way clear Lo help reelect President N i x o n , I have R re at Faith in R ic ha rd N i xnn and I k n o w you do. loo." " As it happened, Kissinger flew off the Peking instead of Hollywood. ;ind PÂ«it Nixon was rushed in the last minute to Â·woo the f i l m folks. liut the t;ix benefits, a p p a r e n t l y , hari the best effect. The scenario that ihe Nixon fwce.s wrote for the political cnncjuesl of Hollywood is revealed in confidential memos t h a i were s h u f f l e d between ex- Attorney General John .Mitchell ex-White House staff chief H. H. Haldemmi ami campaign aides Job Matfrnder. Herbert Porter and Fred LaFlue. The memos begin on Oct. 18, 11)71. with a complaint from Porter to Mitchell (hat the campaign was "short of lists of celebrities." Porter suggested seeking celebrities from the movie industry which, be confided, w;is deeply in Nixon's debt. He e x p l a i n e d Lh;it the President had met in Sim Clementc The Washington Merry-Go-Round w i t h the industry's top brass on April rt, 1971. They had "pleaded...for some sort of tax relief." related Porter, The President obligingly had promised "he would t a k e a look at the possibilities.,.. "Shortly '.hereafter," triumph antly reported Porter, "the IRS issued a statement dram a t i c a l l y c h a n g i n g the a i n o r t i - 7,u t ion sell ed ul es a 1 lower! for f i l m production. In addition, there have been other changes regarding t a x deferrals. "And F i n a l l y , the A d m i n i s t r a - tion's Investment Credit Bill wiK he of s i g n i f i c a n t benefit to the f i l m production industry." Porter added t h a t Export- Import llftnk loans wore also gm'n gto the movie industry. Some benefits lor movieland, according lo Porter's memos, were obtained personally by the President. Our own sources say that Nixon's Commerce Sccrc- l;ny M a u r i c e Stans also pushed through a tax concession for Hollywood. St;ins was the chief campaign f u n d -raiser for Nixon in 1972. To make sure the movie moguls understood where their hlcssings were coming from, Porter brought them together with Mitchell. Tlie purpose of t h e meeting. Porter declarer!, was lo "give a short memory course on,..what the President has clone for the film industry." Then Mitchell was supposed to ask the movie producers, as a quid pro quo, how to "maximize celebrity participation in the 1972 campaign." 1C very precaution was taken to keep the meeting secret. Porter said the movie men had assured h i m t h a t Mitchell "shoiitr! not Fear any unfavor- able publicity from such a gathering." A t t e n d i n g were Warner Brothers' Dick Zanuck, MCA s Mike M a i t l a n d , Universal's Tail Schreiber, and Universal Television's Frank Price, Columbia's Peter Gubcr anil Stu Irwm Jr. Zanuck was named chairman of the group. It was agreed that Henry Kissinger would be the best drawing card to attract movie stars to a political affair. Because Kissinger had once dated Ali MacrGaw and was still close to the actress and her then-husband, Paramount s Rob E va n s. Po rtc r suggested using "Evans 1 and MacGraw s friendship with Henry Kissinger" to bring the foreign policy czar to Hollywood. But there was one problem. "Teddy Kennedy asked (Evans) at a cocktail party recently if he could count on bvans support if Teddy made a run for the Presidency.' Porter wrote to Haldcman and Magruder "Evans committed his support to Kennedy." Nevertheless Porter thought the Hollywood moguls migra bring Evans "into our camp. Kissinger finally agreed to put in an appearance in Hollywood on June 17. 1972, Porter wrote Mitchell enthusiastically that "if Kissinger could be persuaded to stay an extra day, it would be additional icing on the cake." The grand soiree was held at T a f t Schreiber's luxurious Beverly Hills home. Among the 150 guests, one of those present told us. were 130 major celebrities. Thev included John Wayne, Art Linkletter. Jack Benny, Charlton llestoti, Ronald 'I Hope You Brought All Your Tools This Time' From Tke Readers' Viewpoint Air It Out To the Editor: The following is the copy of a letter I tinve mailed (o Bob Boswcll. FAA (Dcpt. of Transportation). Fort Worth, Te\'. Dear IIr. Boswell: I would like for IhLs letter to represent my request for n new public hearing w i t h regard to the en- v i r o n m e n t a l impact of tlie Rogers a i r p o r t . As in conversations w i t h you. I have stated to you some of my reasons, but the following is for written record. 1. Tile report that was prepared and presented for s t u d y iva? prepared by the c h a i r m a n of tile Commission, was s l a n t e t l , biased, and in areas of concern certain f a c t s were omitted. This report was al?o prepared ami presented with some help being given by the F.A.A. svitli regard to wording and terms that would be acceptable to E P.A. 2. M\ m a i n reason for concern about the report is the fact that the airport commissioner of Rogers did nr.t present, and in my opinion carefully omitted from the report, any references to the commission's or c i t y ' s a c t i v i t i e s m securing airline transportation for the Rogers Municipal Airport. Within "one week after E.P.A.'s review of the approval of the report, the airport commissioner, in a large public meeting, stated: A. That effort had been made, studies had been in effect, than contacts were being made to secure a i r l i n e transportation for the City of Rogers, and B. that this had been a part of the Airport Commission's e f f o r t s for a good period of time. 3. It is my feeling that if the F.A.A. would review in close detail the request for aid that was made by Mr. Carter on August, 17. 1971, they would f i n d that there is a .strong possibility some misleading and totally inaccurate statements were made to secure a favorable review from F.A.A. Tt is my feeling that F.A.A. would not have reviewed favorably this request for aid had these facts been known. 4. F think that if F.A.A. would require a review of the bonrf issue that was made to secure these funds, searching out the promises made to the voters of (his area, they would finrl this error. It would appear t h a i this m i s t a k e could result in a substantial reduction of the amount of bond money t h a t is available to be 'iscfi in the construction of this proposed expansion program. I respectfully request t h a t the F.A.A. notify the chairman of the commission t h a t all funds for the proposed expansion will be withheld until a hearing has been held with regard to these matters and a ruling has been given with regard to the request for a new public hearing on the environ- m e n t a l injpact. I await your response.uand that t h a n k you for your attention to this matter. Â·Jack \V. Doason Rogers. The Cynical To the Editor: 1 am one of those young people that Gov, Bumpers keeps saying he's t r y i n g to,save from cynicism. May I set the record straight? Like many other young people, my f i r s t political a c t i v i t y was in behalf of Dale Bumpers. His victory and generally satisfactory administration confirmed my belief that working within the system, through campaigns and elections and parties, was a worthwhile and productive activity. My f i r s t twinge of real cynicism struck the day bale Bumpers announced against Senator Fulbright, admitting that he had no major issue differences with the Senator and in fact had been one of Sen. f'ulbright's admirers. This seemed to me a very disappointing display of impatient, naked ambition. And now. the cheapest shot of all Bumpers telling us lliiit domestic issues are "more i m p o r t a n t " t h a n international issues. Since Bumpers isn't d u m b , this can only he classi- f i c d as demagoguery. Bumpers is well aware of Fulbright's outstanding record in behalf of education legislation, measures for the farmers, the workers, the veterans, the elderly. Bumpers is well a w a r e that the major thrust of Fulbright's Senate service has been re-directing our national budget away from f a r - f l u n g ventures into pressing domestic needs. We should be everlastingly grateful that men of Fulbright's courage and integrity are willing to devote their efforts to issues which don't produce immediate votes nnd applause, hut may produce the pence and economic stability or. which al! domestic programs and progress depend. Young people cynical about the system? Not really. But we are deeply cynical about your motives, Mr. Bumpers. Bianca Def,ille (Humphreys Hall, University of Arkansas) Fayetteville Reagan. Fred MacMurray Irene Dunne, Jimmy .Stewart Edgar Bergen and Clint Last- wood, to name a few. But the guest of honor begged off and was next heard from in Peking. The respected Schreiber was beginning to get cdgv over the manipulation of Porter and Magruder. After Kissinger reneged, bchreibor told us: "I tried to cancel the a f f a i r . " The White House, however,' sent Pat Nixon to substitute for Kissinger and the party was held. It was, Schreiber insisted, "a fun party . . . no politics." But fun or not, the message of the memos is unmistakable: Nixon gave windfalls to the movie industry and the rnqvie industry gave him political support. Footnote: Schreiber told my associate Les Whitten there was no quid pro quo, particularly on taxes. The only help Nixon personally gave the industry, said Schreiber, was a new regulation against film and record pirating. He also said Porter's suggestion thai Ali MacrGaw was used to lure Kissinger to Hollywood was a "pipedream." Postscript to yesterday's column on Postmaster General Klassen and his department's gift Christmas stamp books: A postal service spokesman (old us that the slainp albums are. not Klassen's fe'ifls, bill gifts from ' ' t h e Postmaster General." One hundred ninety- nine albums have already been distributed, in accordance witti the "international postal tradition," according to the spokesman. He claimed Ihe album!) went only to dignitaries" and not to Klassen's personal friends. Trahern. who has left tho postal service. would not comment on poslal matters. Romance Of Tke Typewriter WASHINGTON (ERH) -- Old- time reporters and editors are somewhat dazed to learn that journalism has emerged as tho new glamor profession. Strange, perhaps, but true, Al college campuses across the country, schools of journalism and mass communications find themselves swamped with applicants. Much has beeti made nf Ihe fact t h a t law-school enrollment doubled over the pasl decade. Bui journalism-school enrollment has increased at an even greater rate -- by 335 per cent since 1S72. "The situation probably will get worse." James G. Driscoll wrote recc-ntly in The National Observer. "In I9S7 there were 4 . j l 8 1 journalism degrees awarded, 10.793 last year, 11,700 expected this year, and 20,501) projected for 1978." The job market cannot possibly absorb this flood of wonld-he Clark Kents, and the J-school students and applicants know it. Why, then clo they persist in their quest? The desire for fame, if not necessarily fortune, no doubt has something to do with it. Seymour Hersh, who broke the; My Lai massacre story, and The W a s h i n g t o n Post's Watergate team of Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward have shown that i n d i v i d u a l reporters, working hard and alone, really can effect changes at the highest k-vels of government, M a n y of the current crop of prospective journalists are reported to he former activists who havfl despaired of the feasibility of change-through-protest. BUT A CONSCIENTIOUS newsman should guard against the temptation to allow his egu to color the- story at h a n d . Eugene C. Patterson, editor of the St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times. recently asked Â» meeting of journalists: "Are we. in our adversary role, becoming too much n p a r t of the activities? Are we becoming personalities in the news instead of re]xrters of the news?" Many officials of the Nixon administration would, of course, answer "yes" to both questions. President Nixon, former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. and others in the White House have complained long and often that news coverage is biased. They are far from alone in holding t h a t view. In a nationwide survey conducted through the University of Texas. Martin L. Gibson found that 84.4 per cent of Ihe respondents thought the nation's news gatherers slanted the news. Moreover. 71.6 per cent of the journalists surveyed reached the same conclusion. IN ADDITION to seeking fame or excitement, journalism- school applicants are motivated by sheer pragmatism. Liberal a r t s majors have learned that their unfocused skills are not much in demand in today's overcrowded job market, ' A journalism degree implies a marketable skill. To enhance their prospects, some journalistic hopefuls have acquired or plan to acquire degrees in law or other specialized fields. All of them should bear in m i n d , however that salaries in the news business are not the stuff of which fortunes are made. And as a Philadelphia Inquirer reporter observed, "a typical reporter's typical day mvp.yes not so much exposing evil m high places as it does trying to meet a deadline on a story on sewe,- bonds at the same time he's fending off an aggressive p.r. man...." For solace, the reporter can dream of breaking the story of the decade, writing a book about it. and then having Rohort Redford p o r t r a y him in the f i l m version. There are worse ways to make a living.