Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 28, 1974 · Page 14
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April 28, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 14

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, April 28, 1974
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Page 14
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Northwett Arlconjoi TIMES, Sun., April 28, 1974 FAYITTIVILLI, ARKANSAS Despite Public Optimism Scientists See Continued Energy Crisis By RICHARD J. MALOY TIMES Washington Bureau WASHINGTON - Americans are living in an energy dream world, a group of the nation's foremost scientists have concluded. The public seems to think that the end of the Arab oil embargo moans the end of this country's energy crisis; but nothing could be farther from the t r u t h , the scientists claim. The energy crisis is going to be with us for a long time: and it's possible that the era of cheap, plentiful energy is gone forever, say the scientists. Their views are laid o u t in a special issue of "Science" magazine published hare by HID American Association for the Advancement of Science which ij entirely devoted to the ( K o c j r v problem. Eminent economists, geo- Icgisls, social scientists and others paint a grim energy picture for America and Uc world The savants make these imin'.s: --There is only so much oil and natural gas and coul available within the earth and regardless of what man dors most of these resources a r e £oing to be exhausted sometime in the next century. --Even if the U.S. embarks or. a crash program of oil ex- ploralion and production we w o u l d only lie able to salisfv three quarters of o u r needs from domestic sources by 1980. NO GOING HACK --There will he no r e t u r n to the days of cheap energy; on the contrary the prices of oil, gasoline, natural gas and coal will cotilinuR to skyrocket. These scientific warnings come at a time when the nation iG emerging from its first energy winter of discontent; a period during which government policies provided s u f f i - cient i n r l for homes and industry but deprived motorists of gasoline and permitted fuel prices lo surge to record keighls. . Tlic end of the Arab oil embargo increased U.S. supplies. Today gasoline is still short, but it's an inconvenience rather t h a n the crisis which hit large parts of the country at the height o Tthe winter boycott. Tlic f i r s t k n o w n study of changing public a t t i t u d e s toward energy, made by the National Opinion Research Center, is presented in the special issue of "Science." It shows the public surprisingly optimistic a b o u t solving the energy problem, with a majority of Americans f i r m l y believing we will h.-tve all the energy we need by 19HO. This is simply not so. according to scientist H a n s I.andsberg in the magazine's lead article which is headlined: "Low Coil, Abundant Eenrgy; Paradisr Lost." He points out the U.S. con- rmnes 17 million barrels of oil a d a y . but produces only 11 million and must import 36 per cent of its needs. HIGHER PRICKS' He also, sees a prolonged period of higher prices, of (he kind which have already lifted the cost of a gallon of gasoli-io from '10 c e n t s to GO. D u r i n g this period there will be efforts to increase our production of all types of energy; but Landsberg warns this must be coupled with a conservation program to stabilize or reduce per-capita energy consumptim. His v~r!V!2 " Pa s underlined by John Sawhlll. thu new federal energy czar, who said in his first press briefing that the initial thrust of "Project Independence" must be on curbing U.S. energy consumption because there was no way America can become self-sufficient in energy ly 1980. Prof. K e n n e t h Moulding of U n i v e r s i t y of Colorado says it's going lo be d i f f i cult, if not impossible, to get Americans to be realistic about their uses of energy. One problem, he points out, is their love a f f a i r with the atuomobile. "The car turns its driver into a knight, with the mobility of the aristocrat," he wrote. "The pedestrian and the person who rides public transportation are, by comparison, peasants looking up with almost inevitable envy at the knights riding by on their mechanical steeds." ' O n c e having tasted the delights of n society in which almost everyone can be a knight, it is hard to gn back being peasants," he wrote- Thus Moulding predicts ' a desperate attempt to f i n d now sources or energy to sustain our k n i g h t l y mobility." POLITICAL V I E W Sen. Henry L. Jackson, D- Wash., leading congressional energy figure, is one of those who thinks the answer is a major program to develop new energy sources. In an interview with the magazine editors he called for increased off-shore oil drilling, heavy emphasis on converting coal into a nonpolluting energy source, and -i technical push to exploit the potential of atomic and other exotic power sources. But other scientists writing in the magazine are not optimistic alxnit an early closing of the gap Iwlwcen U.S. energy supply and demand. Three geologists from Texas A M. in a highly technical analysis, acknowledge that in the past century the industry has managed In find only about half the oil that is available in Hie U.S. The bes.t n e w source they write, are Alaska and off-shore drilling. But at the current rate of exploration, in 10 years we will he producing only half the oil we need compared lo the two thirds we now pump out of Hie ground. And even with a crash' program, the U.S. will only IK able to meet 75 per cent of its oil needs at the end of the decade, the geologists say, Other scientists discuss t h e propects for major tcclmologi- cal advances which can help solve the energy problem; such things as more nuclear power, coal conversion, solar energy and the like. Their conccnsiis is that there w i l l be no early breakthroughs. The thrust of the scientific discussion is that Americana will be plagued for a long time with energy shortages and will have to pay high prices for the scientists sav. the U.S. is belter off than Europe. Europe is going to completely exhaust its fossil fuels within lift years, wrote Wolf Hafele. of Germany Between now and then Western Europe must phase into an all-nuclear economy; otherwise the lights will go out, the .factories will shut down a n d c a r s will coma to a halt on European streets, he writes. . In Face Of Spanish Pressure Embattled Giibraltar Stands Fast GIBRALTAR (AP) -- Armed with binoculars and sometimes walkie talkies, a line of Gibral- tarians gathers at the rusly green gate to Spain on Sunday afternoon. They wave to relatives standing behind a Spanish barricade erected 100 yards from the border at La Linea. "Listen, mother," shouts a woman in Spanish, "write me and I'll see you here next week." A young, mustached Gibralta- rian holds up the newest born. "Here's Manolo," he yells, straining to hear an answer. Nearly five years after the Spanish government closed the border between Spain and the Gibraltar peninsula by locking the green gate, "the Rock" seems more British than the House of Commons. Its 19,902 permanent residents --descendants of Italians as well as British and Spaniards -- sound more determined than ever to stay beneath the British umbrella rather than accept Spanish sovereignty. "We can hold out indefinitely," says Sir Joshua Hassan, the chief minister elected to run Gibraltarian affairs in the British crown colony. "Nobody in Gibraltar trusts the Spanish," says opposition leader Morris Xibcrras. "As long as Spain insists on sovereignty, we can't even start talking." EFFORT FAILS The last attempt by the two countries to negotiate ended unsuccessfully more than a year ago. Gibraltar, captured by British and Dutch forces In 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession, was ceded to Britain by Spain in the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Gen. Francisco Franco, Spanish chief of state, alleges that a series of violations of the treaty by Britain over the years itu- validate the agreement. The Franco government says that geographically, politically and legally Gibraltar belongs to Spain. Britain says it will never surrender the colony against the wishes of Gibraltarians. In a 1967 referendum. 44 Gibralta- rians voted yes for Spanish sovereignty while 12,138 said no. Politicians say the resuults would be the same if anolher eleclion were held today. Spain began placing restrictions on Ihe peninsula before the referendum. Some Gibralta- rians date the "campaign" from 1954. the year Queen Elizabeth H and the Duke of Edinburgh visited the Rock. That's when Spain began making it d i f f i c u l t for Spanish workers holding daytime jobs Gibraltar , lo get to work. From t h a t time, the Spanish work force decreased until, in 1969, Spain withdrew the work permits of 4,700 Spaniards. Most worked as domestics or at the British military installation, Gibraltar's biff employer. FRONTIER CLOSED Spain closed the land frontier at La Linea to all vehicle traffic in 1966. It restricted civil air traffic in 19G7. closed Gibraltar to tourists coining from Spain in 1968 and stopped ferry service from Algcciras, two miles across the bay. in the same year. It also ended telephone and telex communications between Gibraltar and Spain. The Spanish government says the restrictions are strictly legal, carrying out the letter of the law of the 1713 treaty. Gibraltar still has ferry and air connections -with Tangier, across the straits in Morocco, and a once-a-week flight to London and Madrid. But the old days of climbing into the .'ami- ly automobile and riding across to see · Spanish relatives or a bullfight are long gone. Visible signs of what Gibral- tarians call "the blockade" are few, aside from the closed Spanish gate. But restrictions are all loo visible. Petty crime also has gone i Police list 3,565 statutory crimes in 1973 compared with 1,267 before restriclions. In Ihe Rock's gambling sino. big money tables for ba- carrat, craps and roulette ir usually idle. German owner Herman Hyman has turned to bingo and slot machines to attract Gibrallarians to the carpets once trod by wealthy Spaniards and cruise ship spenders. Gibraltarians acknowledge they have a feeling of claustrophobia, but not so severe as the Spanish press pictures it. Despite Offer To Testify Felony Cases Against Jacobsen Pushed WASHINGTON (AP) - The government continues to press] two separate felony cases against Texas lawyer Jake Jacobsen, despite his reported offer to testify against former Treasury Secretary John B. Connally in return for reduced charges. An informed source said Friday that Jacobsen has received "not one word" of response from the Watergate special prosecution team since he sent word that he was willing to recant his previous testimony clearing Connally of taking a $10,000 bribe. In return for testimony against Connally, Jacobsen had asked t h a t all eight felony charges against himself be reduced to misdemeanors, thus allowing him to kcp his license to practice l a w , the source said. IF CONVICTED Presently, Jacobsen faces penalties of up to 40 years in jail and $80,000 in fines if convicted on all counts in a Watergate perjury case and an unre- lated Texas ' savings-and-loan sworn that the $10.000 lay untouched in a bank vault for 2W years because Connally refused 'it. A grand jury challenged that testimony as false, reportedly after receiving a report that the serial numbers on the bills showed they were not yet in circulation at the time Jacob sen says be acquired them and stashed them away. Jacobsen was indicted for perjury. Late last week, showing no public response to Jacobsen's reported offer to change his testimony, the special prosecution force filed court papers TERMITES? CALL ADMIRAL PEST CONTROL Roaches, Ants, Spidert, etc. . COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL 442-7298 , r e a f f i r m i n g its perjury charge scandal, It was first reported eight days ago that Jacobsen had sent word to the Watergate special prosecution force that h» was willing to change his testimony and swear t h a t Connally took $10.000 of a dairy cooperative's money in return for government favors. Connally repeatedly has denied this. Previously, Jacobsen had against him. 51/4% 6%% We have savings program and Interest rate to meet your needs. Fayetteville Savings Loan Association . East Avenue REFRIGERATORS SAVE $20 TO $125! $299 '299 $364.95 Refrigerator All Frostless--Big 16.5 Cu. Pt.--Icemaker $379.95 Side-By-Side Totally Frostless 16.7 Co. Ft. $524.95 Refrigerator 3-Door Side-By-Side 20.3 Cu. Ft--Icemaker $339.95 All Refrigerator Adjustable Shelves Small Freezer Cap. $ 399 $ DRYERS SAVE $20 TO $60! Reg. $179.95 Dryer 2 Cycles, 18 Lb. Capacity. Reg. 179.95 Dryer 18 Lb. Capacity Repo. Reg. $199.95 Dryer 18 Lb. Capacity Auto. Dry. 18 Lb. Capacity Dryer Auto, and Time Dry Reg. $209.95 147 $ 119 $ 147 $ 177 DISHWASHERS SAVE $20 TO $40! $199 Reg. $229.95 Portable Has 5 Cycles 6-Level Wash Reg. $139.95 Portable Washes Family Size Settings 5-Cycle Portable Solid-Wood Top Reg. $229.95 4-Cycle Portable 3-Level Wash Reg. $189.95 $99 $199 $ I69 VACUUM CLEANERS SAVE $10 TO $22! '64 '57 '18 '27 $84.95 Cannister Vac. Vibra-Beafer Adj. Suction $79.95 Cannister Vac. 1.6 Horsepower Vibra-Beater $25.95 Jiffy Vac. Two-Speed Disposable Bags $40.48 Floor Polisher Waxes, Scrubs, Two-Speed WASHERS SAVE $20 TO $55! $ 199 $ 224 $ 239 $ 179 8-Cycle Auto. Washer 18 Lb. Capacity Reg. $259.95 10-Cycle Auto. Washer 20 Lb. Capacity Reg. $279.95, Damaged Reg. $269.95 Auto. Wasehr 18 Lb. Capacity Water-Saver Reg. $199.95 Airto. Washer 18 Lb. Capacity 2-Speed 30" Electric Range Auto Oven Reg. $269.95 SIGNATURE RANGES SAVE $20 TO $72! '199 *99 '137 '127 30". Electric Range Eye-Level 2-Ovans, Repo. 30" Gas Range C l o c k - 1 Hr. Timer Reg. $249.95, Repo. $199.9 Trash Compactor Lock-Switch Repo. $8 TO $112 SAVINGS ON SELECTED TV's RADIOS and STEREOS! '127 '199 '119 '297 '19 '67 '197 '497 '397 $159.95 Stereo Components Record Changer 8-Track Tape. $229.95 Tuner-Amplifier AM/FM Radio 140-Watt Peak $159.95 Cassette Recorder AM/FM Radio Microphones $399.95 Console Stereo Receiver, Record Changer; 8-Track. $27.99 AM Clock Radio Lighted Dial Snooze Button $84.95 9" Diagonal T.V. Instant Picture U/V Antennas $269.95 Color Port. T.V. 18" Diagonal Family Size $589.95 Color T.V. 25" Diagonal AFC.UHF/VHF $589.95 Color T.V. 23" Diagonal AFC. UHF/VHF. Evelyn Hills - Open Thursday and Friday Nights fill 9 p.m. -- Phone 443-4591

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