Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 28, 1974 · Page 7
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 7

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 28, 1974
Page 7
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What Hath Congress Wrought? Northweil Arkanstu TIMES, Sun., April 2fl, 1974 · 5A rAYBTTIVILLI, AHKANIA* , The Long-Awaited Alaskan Oil Pipeline Gets Underway Tlio trouble But hours It work n doub! tliclr parkas derwear. arc crucial long-delayed as remote-. Completed, it black gold of to oil-hungry nearly - Inally difficul the layman's val the pyram Aswan dam. feet in diamci from the oil Kay on the At do?, (pronouni tentatively explored for the south, even now, oil or Prudhoo Hay. Prudhoo covers a relatively mall area, barely 201) square lilies. Uelow lire 10 billion bar- ·ules of oil and 26 trillion cubic eel of nutur.U gus. There is the iromise of even more. To the west, occupying al- lost all of northwestern Alaska, is the Naval Petroleum teserve No, 1, set aside by President Harding, It has been nly oil. To companies are sinking new exploratory wells almost within ight of the pipeline route. At Prudhoe, even in Aprl the wind bites hard, and few men work outside. The oil field s dlvU'cd between t w o com- netflive operating companies, British Petroleum and Atlantic lichfield, each with its own buildings, its own security. The companies pay high vagcs and treat their men ^e!l o make life bearable in I h i s solated world. Meals are lav- sh. Two snack bars operate constantly in the ARCO build- ng where lounges arc f u r - rilled are capped and tho only ill taken from the field Is used o refine 1,200 barrels of heat- ng oil a day to provide power iml heat lu ran what is cr,:;cu- ially a small city. Hut this heart of tho oil bo- )an/a about 1,300 miles f r o m he North Pole- is also the heart F the frustration and the prob- ems which have beset the Alaskan oil find from the beginning, Buildings are erected on )illngs or gravel beds to pro- ,ect the tundra. In winter, the t u n d r a is essentially a frozen swamp. Beautiful In a sense, says oi; man Therrell, "with the shapes md the forms and the shadows" in the deep and drifting nished in heavy and sofas, black easy and warm. HOUSTON (AP) -- At least 26 trillion cubic feet of natural gas are believed to be buried vith the oil on Alaska's North Slope. An American Petroleum Institute official says two methods are possible for transporting the gas to market but .ach method poses special problems. Dr. Wilson M. Laird, director of the Institute's division of exploration affairs, believes time will resolve the situation as it did with the controversial Trans-Alaska crude oil pipeline project.' ' One method to transport the North Slope natural gas would .hvolve construction of a pipeline parallelling the Trans- Alaska line. A second method would be a pipeline following :he Mackenzie River Valley across Canada. A parallel line would extend "rom the Prudhoe Bay area to Alaska's south coast, where plants would be constructed in Valdez to liquefy the gas to be transported by tanker to the West Coast. "There are quite a few problems in this proposal," Laird said. "First, the cost of lique- fication plants would add to the sumcr," he said. "Second, because o! the Jones Act, the tankers would all have to be of American registry." NO U.S. SHIPS Unfortuantely, Laird added, the..American fleet at this time does not possess any cryogenic tankers capable of transporting cargo at temperatures of 26C degrees below zero Fahrenheit. "However, they might be available when such a line can be completed," he said. Wilson said the Mackenzie route also has its drawbacks, not the least of which would be the engineering feat of building a pipeline across at least 2,00( miles of Arctic wilderness. "With the expertise gainec from Trans-Alaska, engineers could probably meet the challenge of the Canadian back country, but it would be an enormous task," he said. "The real difficulty with the Mackenzie route, however rests with negotiating an ac ceptable working relationship with the Canadian government In an effort to protect Canadian mtional interests, Canadian of- icials have insisted on Canadian majority equity ownership of a pipeline across Canada." Additionally, Laird said, the Canadian officials have asked Canadian management of such a line, reservation of at least 50 3er cent of line capacity to move Canadian owned hydrocarbons which may go to Canadian markets, and preference to Canadian construction firms. SEES HOPE Laird said that, at first glance, this seems to be a hard stance. "I am convinced, however, that negotiations with Che Canadian government could work out more acceptable terms," he said. "As the size of the Alaskan fields becomes known and as production in Alaska increases, I believe Canada will wish to encourage not only a gas line but also an oil pipeline across her territory. This will help ease'. Canada's -energy supply problems." The Prudhoe Bay field was discovered in 1868, hut con troversy delayed pipeline permits nearly six years. "Despite the fact the legal battles contributed to the present energy shortage, there is no doubt that the pipeline is now much more compatible with the environment," Lairc said. He added that, thanks to the Matter Of Taste NEW YORK (AP) -- Baby may not arrive with a silver spoon in his mouth but chances are he's equipped with his very own sweet tooth. While it may not show, it definitely is there, researchers at Monell Chemica' Senses Center at the University o f P e n n s y l v a n i a provee recently. They offered 2-day-old babies a variety of waters ·-- plain, sweet, salty and even sour. The majority preferred the sugar water and drank more of it. Water is vital to us from infancy to old age. It performs two vital functions for us: ii acts as a solvent to transporl nutrient materials to cells and helps remove waste products. housancls and thousands of environmental stipulations, the oil ine will cause little impact on .he environment. "The granting o£ permits merely got us out of the courtroom," Laird said. "Now is the .ime for the industry to prove its mettle in the field." UA Artists To Give Lecture A lecture entitled "Objectivity: Contemporary Painting and Photography", ijcconi- panied by a slide presentation of 'their work, will be given by artists Marc Brasz and Keith Holtsclaw at 8 p.m. Monday in the Arkansas Union Theater at the University of Arkansas. Admission is free and the program is open to the general public. · Brasz, who studied under Philip Pearlstein, has exhibited in numerous shows at galleries and museums in New York and New Orleans. Bras* also studied at Louisiana State University and the New School in New York. He most recently has taught at LSU. Holtsclaw, a noted, photographer, worked as a location still photographer for Roger Gorman's film, "Boxcar Bertha." His photographic essays have been widely .exhibited, m o s t recently in New Orleans and Florida. Holtsclaw was educated at Loyola University and is presently editing a short film he recently shot, His work has ben praised for "his translation of the language we speak in our - gestures and 'our masks." Contract Awarded LITTLF, ROCK (AP) -- T h e D e f e n s e Department h a s awarded a contract to the B. R. Dredging Co. of New Orleans. La., for rental of dredging equipment for dredging the Mississippi River between Osceola and Helena. The office of Sen. J. W. Fulbright, D-Ark., said the project will cost $104,300. The project is aimed at maintaining a navigable river channel in the Mississippi. rich woodwork softens the com munal interior and the bleak out-of doors. Bedrooms are cozy and comfortable. Office wings are spacious, efficient. There- is a dispensary, a movie heater with films every night, var- Journal and the Reader's Digest, 'Dr. Zhivago" and "The Autobiography of William Al len White-" BP is hiring some female cletks, but at ARCO the rule is as it is fo: t h e pipeline camps down the trail -- n women, booze or guns, The (about 65 wells .alread 1 tab!e tennis room, a room, a libra-v with such led fare as the Oil and .now. But after the ice and snow liavo gone, It looks from the air ike a green and flowered plain. "Bui you get down on it a n d you get your feet wet. It's a swamp really, and it's better about the first of September when it's getting cool and the mosquitoes are gone." Even the caribou, the 400,001 which migrate to the North Slope each year to calve, press lo the ocean's edge to escape the biting insects. Below the winter snow are caribou moss and reindeer lich en, and the mishmash of plants that make up the tundra. "It's that very thick, plush ve'geta tive mat that helps act as an insulator," explains Therreil "And (hat's why the permafrosi there is very close to the sur face -- only eighteen inches to a foot down in the summer time." The tundra protects the per mafrost, and the permafros has been the focus of the oi pipeline problem. It is that al ways frozen ground below the a r c t i c surface. Sometime gravel, sometimes silt, some mcs rock. The rock offers no roblem. But the gravel and ill, bound together by ice, arc problem when they thaw. The ground becomes difficult o control. It sinks, slides, flows n obedience to gravity. The oil gushing out at 'rudhoe will he 1VO degrees lot. In the pipe/trie it will avcr- ige about MO degrees. Original- y the plan was to bury 90 per cent of the pipeline in a trench along the trail. That was In many areas a threat to the permafrost. It would likely have- wen a threat to the pipeline, oo, That kind of defiance of na- ure could ruin the land. The modified plan now provides Ihat half of lh'; line will be elevated -- on pipe-like stilts -- to protect the permafrost. Buried sections will be laid only when soil conditions can stand the thaw. It raises the cost of the lino. The pipeline company had to xiy 1,000 mi'cs of 18-inch pipe 'or the elevating stilts. Tilers will be no pipe laid un- .11 1975. First, the Ayeska ^Ipc'inc 1 Service Company. wned by seven oil firms, must Huild n year-round road. Thai beams this s u m m c , . Controversy and court Kittles over permafrost damage fro-n buried pine and possible interference with caribou and wildlife migration from elevated pipe have delayed the 'ine for 314 years. More than S300 nrl lion worth of camps and equip ment have Iain idle along lira route. Some $100 million wortl of pipe has weathered and rus ted. When the project was au thorized by Congress last No vember, the pipeline company mobilized again. One of the first chores was to replace al the tires on the thousands D vehicles waiting along the trai' The pipeline route Is roughly 00 feel wide by 789 miles long, measures at 'most M scjuui 1 '. 1 miles In a (580,000 square mile tale. At the beginning, an:i even now, oilmen decried lh'; :elay over what they consld- red such a pittance of land N o t e v e r y t h i n g goes moothly. Men on the line complain that state and federal overseers are slow approving permits. Overseers angrily leny It. Even gravel can he a problem. It will take GO million :ubic yards of gravel to protcc 1 , he tundra in building the pipe- Ine, camps and roads, The frustration of the last 314 years is evident even in the ietd camps. At the Dietrich Camp, south of the continental divide, supervisor Bob Swar- Ihout says. "I never did think ;hey wouldn't build it. Every one who nas been around the oil game knew there was a shortage, -ind they weren't go- 'ng to let that oil lay out Swarthoul, 52, has oeen in construction since he joined the Alcan Highway project in 1941. "I've built roads all over Alaska, and I can't see where a n y ' o f them did any ha-m to the environment, and some ;! them even improved it," Pay is -ligh, even for roadwork. common laborer makes about $800 for a seven- day, 70-hour week. He takei time off when he wants it SaH ried men are usually on eig'r weeks, off two. While Swarthout talks in th cafeteria, the COOK camp throws thick sirloin steaks or the grill, and the 70 men begin to line up lor the evening mea -- all they can eat. Eventual!) over 900 men will live and wor] here, part of the 14.000 who wi! be hired, mostly in Alaska, build road and pipeline. Construction !s always clan- ;erous. Even with the long in- icllvity, at least seven moil lave died In pipellno-connected iccidcnts. One was working In ho 238 miles of stored ,i|je MI 'alrbanks when the pipa lipped. He jumped in the vrong direction and wai rushed. Success, so long sought, nas Is drawbacks, and many Alas- sans worry that the pipeline iroject and the opening up of he state might damage the abric of Alaskan life. "We are expecting an influx if con artists and bunko men." ays Howitt. "And we arc bo- ;inning to see that now.'' At tiny Valdoz, at the loot .if ,he pipeline where a tidal wave- rom the 19C4 earthquake erased the original town, there ire also mixed emotions. - but on balance, optimism. The town already has a new drugstore, a new clothing store. For 70 years the First National was the only bank in to'v.i. Now two major Alaskan hanks have opened branch offices. Walter Day, who owns The an ex-may r Valdez Copper Basin News, says: "Cjrtairlv there'll be a difference, but ac towns are used to it. They are used to new people, and living next floor to a neighbor from another state." In miniature, Valdez is the whole problem of Alaska and its pipeline -- the wondrous contentment of a people who have come to a rugged and beautiful land to harboi their" own freedoms, the sudden influx of strangers and the need to lock the front door, the awakened hunger of enterpre- neurs, the new road that will open the frozen north, the gnawing feeling that this l«st great wilderness will never be the same. WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY WAL-MART DISCOUNT CITY WAL Open 9-9 Wf SELl FOR LESS WAL-MART Discount City W A L - M A R T S A T I S F A C T I O N ^ G U A R A N T E E D ME STARTS MONDAY SALE ENDS WEDNESDAY HentHi Beoufcj Aids Discount Sale 902 Helene Curtis SHAMPOO Reg. 1.18 Clairol HERBAL ESSENCE 8 Oz. Size Reg. 1.12 Head Shoulders SHAMPOO 5 Oz. Jar 07 $127 Burned Out Ultra Bright TOOTHPASTE Reg. 72* Regular or mint Flavor 7 Oz. Tube PRELL CONCENTRfiTE SHflfTlPOO SOz.Tube ·I-.,....,, !,*.»" SURE flntl-Perspkant Reg.or Unscented 9Oz. Can $|07 SCOPE fflouthwash Gargle 24 Oz. Bottle Vv, "-i

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