Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 26, 1974 · Page 1
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 1

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 26, 1974
Page 1
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INSIDE^ Po I'womon t'onilas 13-M ... 16 . 17-21 "4th YEAR-NUMBER 298 The Public Interest li The Pint Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1974 IOCAI FO«CAST- Partly cloudy mid warmer tonight t u r n i n g to considerable cloudiness a n d warm w i t h chance of showers by Saturday. Overnight low 45. !,, o w » lonlght from mid to upper 50i. Highs Saturday In the mid 80s. Sunset today 7:59; sunrise Sat* urday 6:29. Weather m n p on page. 3. PACES--TEN CENTS Deposed Portuguese Premier Caetano's Failures Outlined A News Analysis M n n LISBON, Portugal (AP) -weeks ago Premier Sh ° 0k lhe Mar- , ol the country's top military brass. The military revolt thai swept him from office ihuwday showed he shook the wrong hands. Premier since 1968, Caetano _._..,,. «, ill4 ,i. isuo, I'duicmu «ug Ins own political grave when he ousted popular Gen. Antonio dc Spinola, the deputy army c ),( c f or s t a K because he advocated a negotiated solution to end lhe colonial wars in Africa. Caetano found he could n o t carry on the policies of his predecessor, longtime dictator Antonio de Olivsira Salazar, and meet the growing unrest within the country at the same time. The premier reportedly agreed with many of Spinola's views. Put he bowed to pres- sure from the conservative generals who had helped him become premier when Salazar had a stroke in 1968 and especially to President Amcrico Thomaz. a 79-year-old admiral who had the constitutional power to fire him. The generals and the president all insisted on continuation of the 13-year-old war against the independence movements in Portugal's black African prov- Mozambiquc Guinea -which annually gobbles up nearly 40 per cent of the gover- ment's budget. Along with Spinola, a w a r hero and former military governor of Portuguese Guinea, Caetano dumped his boss, Gen. Francisco da Costa Gomes, the army chief of scaff. Then he held a public ceremony at which the other top men in the armed forces pledged their loy- inces -- Angola, and Portuguese ally. The tiring of Spinola and Gomes and the display of conservative solidarity convinced many young officers that the only way open was insurrection, one captain said. When the first attempt at revolt failed a month ago, the arrest of one of Spinola's trusted aides and former combat comrades, Lt. Col. Joao Almeida Burno, fueled the resentment in the lower ranks. The public, unaccustomed to political action alter nearly four decades of Sala/.ar's iron rule, played a passive role. It was all a military show in a country in which for decades the military had kept the government in power. Spinola and Gomes kept silent after they were fired. But both are members of the new junta, and Spinola appears to be its leader. By Plot Agcunst Sadat Need For Mideast Disengagement Dramatized A News Analysis By WILLIAM L, RYAN Egypt's account of a plot to overthrow President Anwar Sadat dramatizes the urgency of the search for Syrian-Israeli military disengagement, upon which may hang any chance for peace in the Middle East. The official version brings Into focus a multiplicity of factors pressing on Sadat. A prolonged deadlock on the Syrian front could reproduce in Egypt the same sort of pressures that built tip desperation before October and provoked the war against Israel. The alleged coup leader is described as a Palestinian with an Iraqi passport who had conferred with Col. Khadafy. Libya's Moammar strongman. naticism. Sadat has That touches the principal extremist bases in the Arab world, the main sources of opposition to compromise with Israel, the fountainheads of fa- Indicated eagerness to vitalize the Egyptian economy, industrialize, attract western aid, investment and technology. He has promises of substantial American help. Americans are already on hand to help clear the Suez Canal, which Washington hopes will pour water on troubled oil and Sadat hopes will be a boon to Egypt's economy. WARINESS NEEDED But it behooves Sadat to be wary of the diverse elements pressing on him. Egypt's volatile university population must be kept fairly well appeased, for example. A majority of students and their intellectual elders, who form a sort of political elite, seem to support Sadat at this moment and oppose those who want to dump him. His liberalization has been popular, by and large. Gunners Duel On Mountain By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Syrian and Israeli gunners on Ml. Hermon duelled in the night and at daybreak the shell- Ing spread south along the entire 40-mile front. In Tel Aviv fear spread that Washington's support for Israel was fading. Communiques from Tel Aviv and Damascus reported the 46th day of shelling on the Golan plateau. Syria said Israeli and Syrian forward patrols clashed on Mt. Hormon shortly after midnight with machine guns and hand grenades. The Damascus com- munique said artillery fire flared d u r i n g the night on the 9,200-foot height which has become the center of the war of attrition. But that same majority a year ago had been fuming at the long no war-no peace situation and hankering for Sadat's scalp. Thus, if the Syrian deadlock lasts long and the air and artillery war persists along with it, the Egyptian-Israeli disengagement machinery can be slowed, if not entirely halted. That would generate new pressures on Sadat. He went to war in October to end the no war-no peace dilemma. Conceivably it could haunt him again. There is also the Soviet-Syrian factor. Syria's government moves warily, alert to political dangers in a deal with Israel. The Russians, irked at Egypt's new westward orientation, will press Syria to reject any settlement Moscow deems not entirely compatible with Soviet interests. 'COOKBOOK 7 OUT TODAY The TIMES' annual "Cookbook" edition goes out to regular subscribers as a part of today's newspaper. It contains over 200 recipes submitted by readers in a recent contest. Winners of t h e contest - j u d g e d by a panel of five culinary experts - a r e a n n o u n c e d at the beginning of e a c h of five recipe classifications in the special 32- page tabloid supplement. Additional conies of the "Cookbook" the TIMES '^-available at ( ) in Fayetteville or by mail at 50 cents each. .' ' , Trade Balance Seen WASHINGTON (AP) -- The sharply higher cost of oil imports pushed the United States trade balance into deficit in March for the first time in 10 months, the Commerce Department reported today. The department said imports during March exceeded exports by $171.3 million. This compared with a surplus of $213 million in February. The country's trade still is in surplus for the year by $685.6 million. The March deficit was attributed almost entirely to a 17 per cent increase in the cost of imports of foreign oil. This reflects the sharply higher price- tag imposed by the oil-producing nations. Administration economists have predicted that the higher cost of foreign oil will offset the nation's otherwise encouraging trading position and bring about a trade deficit this year. Both exports and imports increased in March with imports rising 6.1 per cent to slightly less than $7.85 billion while exports rose nearly 1 per cent lo almost $7.67 billion. The value of oil a n d petroleum product imports during March totaled almost $1.8 billion up from just over $1.53 bil- Ijon in February and $564 million in the same month a year earlier. Land For New Courthouse Under Study The Committee on Public Buildings appointed by the Washington Court, the County county Quorum Finance Committee and Judge Vol Lester are checking on the possibility of obtaining land for new courthouse facilities. Bryee Davis, Fayetteville member of the committee, declined to name the location ol the land in question in order to forestall rising land prices. Davis said the committee was working on plans to acquire property before a Grand Jury report, issued April 1, called for construction of a new courthouse. Davis added that the committee's charge from Judge Lester has not changed since the report was issued. WORK ON PLANS Richard Greer, chairman ol Committee, said that both committees hope to come up wih a plan for courthouse construction that can be presentee to the people of the county, and that work on such a plan is underway. The Quorum Court in November set aside one mil! of county revenue for purchase ot land. County Comptroller Lonnie Gilbow has said he hopes it will be possible to erect new courthouse facilities through the use of federal grants for p u b l i c buildings and revenue sharing funds without an increase in the tax levy. Perm Central Funds WASHINGTON (AP) --The government will give the Penn Central Railroad up to $18 million to keep the f i n a n c i a l l y ailing line running through May, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar says. In his announcement Thursday, Brinegar said the money will be mnde available on a "when-nnd-if-needcd basis." 11 will come from a special func created to aid- troubled rail roads in the Northeast while details of their reorganization into a profit-seeking corpo ration are worked out. Major Reforms Announced Following Portuguese Coup Suit Against City To Be Tried June 25 Chancellor Warren 0. Kimbrough of Fort Smith has moved the date for the hearing of the case of Carlson, et al, versus the City of Fayetteville jack to June 25. The case was set to begin May 27. May 27 was the date agreed upon in a pre-trial hearing last week in Fayetteville. However, both parties to the suit were notified soon afterwards that Judge Kimbrough tias a case to hear on May 29 and 31. The Fayetteville trial is expected to last at least three days. The case involves a petition filed by four Fayetteville residents against the city, charging, among other things, that the city has not properly operated the water, sewer, and sanitation departments, and has illegally used proceds from those de partments. The suit also attacks the city's levy of a five mill "voluntary" tax. Judge Kimbrough is hearing the case since Wash ington Chancellor Thomas Butt disqualified himself. WORD DECEIVED Word of Judge Kimbrough's decision on the trial date was received in Fayetteville late this morning. Attorney Joe Segers, who represents plaintiffs T. C. Carlson Jr.. John Mahaffey, Richard Mayes and Ahnellen Buche said earlier today he hoped the trial would be delayed only a few days and could begin in early June. Tilden "Chip" Wright, one of the attorneys for the city, told the TIMES "Judge Kimbrough had offered several alterna lives. One was to begin the tria on May 27, recess it on May 29 and resume on June 3 Wright said Judge Kimbrough pointed out that he has a commitment to fulfill from June 8-22. Another alternative--the one Judge Kimbrough chose--was to begin tb.e trial in late June or early July. A complicating factor was that John Mahaffey, one of the plaintiffs, has a tour of nava" reserve duty from May 20 to May 31. Wright said he h a d commented to Judge Kim brough that a deposition has been taken from Mahaffey which might serve in lieu ol Mahaffey's personal testimony. Wright said he wrote Judge Kimbrough that a "delay imti the end of June is unacceptable to clients in the city administration." The city attorneys hac requested that the trial stiV begin May 27 with the necessary recess. Taylor Promoted CUMMINS PRISON FARM, Ark. (AP) -- Correction Commissioner Terrell Don Hutto announced today that Alton L. Taylor, 24, of Pine Bluff has been promoted to administrator of the Division of Pardons and Paroles of the Arkansas Correction Department. Taylor joined the department in January 1972. He served as a parole officer in the Hot Springs area from April 1972 to April 1973. when he was named administrative assistant for the Pardons and Paroles Division He has been serving as acting administrator of the division since December 1973. He succeeds Jack Grasinger, who was promoted to head ol the department's school district in December 1973. Major Area Of Inquiry Nixon Gift To Be Investigated WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Nixon's handling of his gift of personal papers for t n x purposes hns emerged ns n major nren of inquiry by the House Judiciary Committee Impeachment staff. Chief Counsel John Donr disclosed Thursday the committee Intends to conduct n full Inves- lignlinn, including submitting written questions to N i x o n , tn determine whether there was c r i m i n a l fraud In his 1069-11)72 tnx deductions for papers do- nnletl to the government, Tho Joint Committee on Int · r n n 1 Revenue Taxation recently concluded Iho deduction war Improper nnd the In- l e r n n l Rovcrmo Service as- sessed Nixon for $4.12,787 In back tnxcs But there hns been no previous congrcsslonnl cfforl In ilclcrmme whether fraud wns involved In the preparation of the rclurns. The tnx matter tnkcs Its place along with the Wnlcrgntc cover-up, lhe ncllvitlcs of lhe While House "plumbers" unit, sctllemcnl of tho ITT unit-trust case nnd political contributions by tho dnlry Industry, Howard Hughes nnd Robert Vcsco us the chief Hems on which lhe Impeachment Inquiry has set- lied. Donr submitted a status re- rt tn the cominiltco Thursday sllnR 17 nllntfHtion* that nre no longer under Investigation became there is insufficient evidence to support them. Most of them Include allegations thnt the While House used executive agencies for political purposes nnd two otlicro lo,il wllh th« Impoundment of con- grcssionnlly-npproprlaled funds mid '.lie d i s m i i n t l i n x of the Office of ICcnnomic Opportunity. A decision on whether lo keen the secret bombing of Cambodia or. lhe list of possible Im pcnclmMe offenses w i l l be mnde nflcr lhe rolom..', expected next week, of n Senate committee report on tho subject, Dnar snld. Tho sc.vff'r; recomniondntk ns on innl'.ors to lc droppc:! were challenged l:y several mem- bers, and Chnirmnn Pclcr W Rodino Jr. D-N.J.. snid nnnt. were actually being elirr.iniuod H wns Just a mnltcr of fociuin; the stnlf resources on mailers of highest priority, he sari. Before receiving the status report on the inquiry lhe com milteo, by (, 34--1 vole, gr.inlci n 5-day delny requested by thr White House for responding to n subpoena lor tapes of 42 presidential conversations. The new .hie for n response 's n Ttit.'jdfy. I r i extending the deadline the comrr.'tteo mnde It clcnr I hopes for f u l l compliance wllh lhe subpoena In return. The re finest hns been oiitsliindlng since Fob. 25. -- (TJMESpholo by Ken Good) PLOTS OF MARIJUANA ... FayetteviUe police jound more than 1,000 marijuana plants in a filed west of Old Wire Road inside the city limits (See second photo on Page 2) Fayetteville Police Find Marijuana Patch Acting on a tip, police Thursday afternoon located m o r e than 1,000 marijuana plants in a field off Old Wire Road near Butterfield School. Officers said several beds of marijuana were found u n d e r cultivation. Two of the larger beds had · been 'surrounded by low rock walls and a small stream dammed with stone to provide a water supply. The raiders also turned up what they estimated were 700 marijuana seeds, plant food and peat moss. A sprinkler and garden tools were also located at the site. The various patches of marijuana were burned after police had photographed the- scene, made plaster casts of footprints l i f t e d fingerprints from garden tools. Participating in the raid were Police Chief Hollis Spencer, Assistant Chief Glen Riggins, NEWS BRIEFS 75 Arrested CAIRO,'Egypt (AP) -- The government has arrested 75 persons including 16 military cadets and two sailors in the alleged plot to overthrow President Anwar Sadat, Cairo newspapers reported today. Eleven persons were killed and 27 wounded in the resulting clash at the military technical college on April 17. Egypt has linked the plot with Libyan leader Col. Moammar Khadafy. Prime Rate Upped NEW YORK (AP) -- The nation's second largest commercial bank joined the in- dustrywide move to a 10'A per cent prime rate today. First National City Bank of New York moved to the W'A per cent level, a record 'high for the prime until Citizens Southern National Bank of Atlanta posted a 10 3 /i per cent prime Thursday. Simon Approved WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Senate Finance Committee unanimously approved today the nomination of William E. Simon to succeed George Shultz as secretary of the treasury. The Senate is expected to confirm the nomination early next week. Simon, a former Now York investment banker, has been serving as deputy secretary of the treasury and also as the nation's energy chief. Five Explosions SAIGON. South Vietnam (AP) -- Five explosions ripped through an auditorium at an infantry training center nine miles north of Saigon Thursday night, killing 17 trainees and wounding 118, the South Vietnamese military command reported. A communique said North Vietnamese or Viet Cong troops fired five morlar rounds into the hnll at 1,ai Thleu. but later the command said it had not determined the cause of the explosions. More Time WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate has given .states more tlmo to adopt no fault nulomo- bllc Insurance hut hns refused to let them set their own minimum standards. As n result of Scnnte action Thursday, every state would have to approve at least a minimum no-faull plan by Sept. 1, 1975. Nine Jury Gets Case NEW YORK (AP) -men and three women studied the fate of John N. Mitchell and Maurice H. Stans today, trying to determine whether the men whom President Nixon picked to run his campaign are "liars under oath." The U.S. District Court jury, the first to be presented with c r i m i n a l charges against present or former members ot the nation's Cabinet since the 1923 Teapot Dome scandal, spent four hours Thursday night in its first deliberations. Cheaper Way WASHINGTON (AP) -- The federal government has a new and cheaper way of producing ethyl alcohol that could reduce the price of automobile fuel as much as 20 cents a gallon, Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., said today. Proxmire said the U.S. Army Laboratory at Nattick, Mass., developed the process of producing ethanol from organic wastes. HHH Hospitalized WASHINGTON (AP) -- Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., has entered Bethesda Naval Hospital to undergo an evaluation ot previous treatments for a tiny bladder tumor. Humphrey checked into the hospital Thursday night after returning from an appearance in Pittsburgh, Pa., a spokes man said. Last November and December, he received x-ray treatments for a tumor described by his physician as borderline," meaning that it could not be determined whether it was benign or malignant. Parking Lot Bomb DENVER (AP) - A bomb tore through a parking lot here outside a hotel where a governor, a U.S. senator nnd .two congressmen were attending a meeting. Police said Ivvo persons were injured and 50 vehicles damaged In the Thursday night explosion. The bomb, which police said apparently had been planted in a car, severely damaged ]2 of the 50 vehicles, throwing hits of metal ns far as 500 feet. The [lying metnl in turn caused a seven-car pileup on the interstate which runs beside the lot, police said, adding there were no injuries. the economy moving forward again." The President received a warm reception in Mississippi, the state that gave the largest plurality to h i s re-election. A standing-room-only c r o w d of 12,000 frequently interrupted his address with applause. The White House Is arranging other Nixon appearances in sections of the country considered friendly it/ the President. He will appear in Phoenix, Ariz., on May 3, nnd in Spokane, Wash.. May 4. Aides also are arranging 11 May 11 presidential t r i p to Oklahoma State University commencement exercises. In Jackson, Nixon blamed food and energy (or feeding the rise in prices. He added, "The Sgt. Bud Dennis, Patrolma George Coffman and R a n d y Bradley and Kenneth McKee a State Police investigator. Spencer said police hav received information on si more marijuana patches in th area and are investigating Four tips were telephoned t police on the department's con fidential line. Spencer ex pressed appreciation for the in formation. Judge Blunts Police Hunt SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -Police tactics of stopping youn blacks on the streets of thi city in a fruitless search for th killers of 12 whites have bee ordered stopped by a federa judge. Police said they woul abide by the ruling, but contin ue their manhunt. Only hours after police ha issued revised guidelines whic would have cut back on th number of searches in thei massive Zebra District Court manhunt, U. Judge Alfons Zirpoli issued a temporary in junction against them Thurs day. By that time, searches ha been performed on about 60 young black men who fit one o two composite sketches of th persons police believe respon sible for the random, unpro voked shootings of 18 white since last November. Six of thi victims survived. Speaking of the new polici guidelines, Zirpoli said: "While the immediate pres sure of wholesale stops and in discriminate searches ma; (CONTINUED OJi PAGE TWO) Junta Leader Also Promises Free Elections LISBON, Portugal (AP) --. unta leader Antonio de Spinola Announced today sweeping re- orms in the one-day-old coup n Portugal, including breaking up the political police and hold- ng free elections within a year. The 64-year old general, wiip swept to power in a military revolt that overthrew the 42-year r old dictatorship. also announced he was retiring all civil governors both in Portuagal and its overseas provinces, and all members of the cabinet. Spinola said former Premier Marcello Caetano and President Americo Thomaz had been sent to the island ot Madeira. fie did not say if they would face prosecution. Speaking to newsmen, Spinola said he was dissolving lha one-house National Assembly, and he told questioners hi would permit a mufti-party political cabinet. But .he did not say if Communists or Socialists would he included. Spinola said at the moment he does not intend to negotiate with any of the liberation movements in Portugal's black African territories of Angola, Mozambique and Portuguese Guinea. Hundreds of people gathered at Caxias Prison outside Lisbon as word went out that an estimated 180 political prisoners were to be freed. CROWD JEERS In downtown Lisbon an angry c r o w d jeered and shouted, "Thieves" .and "Robbers" as uniformed political police were led to vans by the arrny. The crowd threw cigarettes and . yelled encouragement to the troops. A few tanks' still moved through Lisbon's streets but the city was quiet. Stores reopened, but the nation's airport remained closed and so was the border between Spain and Portugal. Lisbon newspapers listed three persons killed and 45 injured during the coup. But generally Thursday was a day of celebration, with thousands of young men streaming into the streets to c h e e r the rebel troops, plying them with wine and cigarettes and smashing windows to defy police. Spinola. who was retired by Caetano last month because ha advocated an end to the 13- year-old colonial war in Portu- g a l ' s African territories, emerged as the leader ot the seven-man National Salvation Junta. The other members of the junta are two navy men, Comdr. Antonio Alba Rosa Cou(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Tape Deck Stolen A tape deck was reported stolen sometime between 7 and 11 p.m. Thursday from a car owned by Lawrence Clack of 724 Dogwood St. while it was parked at the University of Arkansas band building on North Garland Avenue. Clack told city police that the tape player, valued at $92.88 had been in the glove comparf- ment and had not been permanently installed. Nixon Delivers Optimistic Forecast On U.S. Economy WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Nixon, campaigning to rebuild confidence in his Watergate - troubled administration, has delivered another optimistic forecast on the economy. On a quick trip to Jackson, Miss., on Thursday, Nixon said the economy has been through "what I believe is the lowest point of the downturn ... The last half of the year we will sec rise in food prices will lend as we go through the- balance of the year to level off." He singled out the automobile and housing industries as two trouble spots in lhe economy. He said the auto industry is brightening and that he will propose new programs within two weeks to stimulate the sagging housing industry. Nixon said he could "flatly predict '75 will be a very good year." And 1976, he added, "will h« the best year in American history -- the most prosperous, the most free." After returning lo Washing ton, Nixon went for an evening cruise on lhe presidentinT yacht, "Sequoia." and then en- IcrUiincd Republican National Committee members at a Whll« House reception. Nixon gave a short, upbeat speech to the committee members about Republican prospects. Ho snld the economy itrxl other areas would Improve ind that the GOP would do better In November than It did thl» spring In five special con*r«s. slf.nal elections, four of which were won by Democrats,

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