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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern O/ This Newspaper 4 Â« WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 1974 Terrorist Tactics Have Officials Worried Reprieve For The Mulberry The Dallas office of the Corps of Engineers, in a stunning departure from form a few days ago, announced that it finds insufficient justification for flood control along Mulberry Creek in northwestern Arkansas. This may well be a first, considering the fact that it is known that elements of the Corps previously had cast covetous eyes on the fast, fresh, free-flowing Ozark stream.. Bygones are bygones, now, and we can't express adequately our pleasure in the Corps decision. The Mulberry, like its sister streams the Kings and the Buffalo, will be better off, and the state's citizens likewise, with nature preserved rather than inundated in one more questionably effective impoundment. The surprise of it all is that the Corps appears to be recognizing the fact, along with, erstwhile antagonists like the state Stream Preservation Committee, the Ozark Society, and the Wildlife Federation. Strange bedfellows, certainly. One has to imagine it is less than comfortable for the Corps. It is a bit extra to their credit on that account, though, we believe. It has been less than a year, now, that we were warning of interest in damming the Mulberry by Arkansas River Navigational Project engineers. The colonel at Little Rock, following floods a spring ago, even suggested that barge traffic along the Arkansas would have to contend with high waters and inefficient service UNTIL Q) such tributaries as the Mulberry were dammed and contained. Now, though, the Corps apparently has decided the Mulberry river is worth saving. We salute them for it. The Mulberry, of course, cuts through a sparsloy settled section of the Ozarks, with much timebered, hilly farmland that suffers only marginally from floods. The land is owned and operated by people who have no purpose in lobbying for a dam. Or industry. Or, an influx of outsiders. There isn't much pressure for the dam, as in the case of the Cache, in other words. We have to presume, too, that fhe Corps' experience in such endeavors as the Cache (and the Cossatot and the Buffalo) has left a mark. It is impossible for us to imagine the Corps arbitrarily rejecting the suggestion for a dam on any stream anywhere in the country, a decade ago. Now, perhaps, the engineers are learning to be a little bit selective. We hope so. What Others Say...: PRISONS NEED COVERAGE The State Board of Corrections has taken under advisement a proposal by board member Thomas E. Bradford Sr., that it reevaluate its policy of denying access of newsmen and photographers to prison facilities . except under certain circumstances. Journalfsts who long have supported the board in its constant battle to secure more funds have done so despite a highly restrictive policy governing prison public relations, It stands to reason that if the public knew more about the operation of the prisons, it would be more likely to support additional funding by the Legislature. Certain risks are involved, to be sure, whenever reporters and. photographers visit the prisons. The prison administrators have no guarantee that the coverage will put them in a good light or present the facts so that he public will be able p understand the administrative difficulties. But keeping newsmen out of the prisons is no guarantee that the media won't find news to report. There are always ex-inmate or inmate sources - sources which are not likely to report a balanced view of the prison administration or prison problems. Yet a great deal of reporting about the prisons stems from inmate sources because newsmen have little alternative. Some prison news - such as escapes, stabbings and riots is unpleasant and hardly builds From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Bib overalls and gingham dresses will be in vogue on the University campus Saturday when students in the College of Agriculture and Home Economics celebrate the 49th annual Agri Day. Sunday is Straw Hat Day in Fayelteville, so designated by Mayor Guy E. Brown as t h e so VEARS AGO If the weather man is kind and everybody who plans to attend the Northwest Arkansas A p p l e Blossom Festival tomorrow at Rogers, goes, Fayetteville, will almost be a deserted town. Fire started by defective wiring damaged the Wallin Shoe Shop, North Block St., 100 YEARS AGO We sincerely regret to learn that Capt. J- B. McConnel of Clarksville was run over by the cars (train) at Argenta on Tuesday last, and crushed to death. Capt. McConnel was on his way to the capital to assist in re-en- stating Baxter. Col. Clem Vann, a prominent most appropriate time for the man of the house to set aside his old felt hat and make his appearance in a new straw. Sammy Hilburn of Walnut Grove is the new president of the University's student body, defeating Jerry Jones of North Little Rock. shortly after 8 o'clock last night. The ceiling and walls of the shop were damaged to some extent by fire and water. A. Dixon, Confederate veteran and aged 89 years, sustained painful injuries today when he was thrown between the wheels of his buggy and dragged by a frightened horse. citizen from the Cherokee nation, died a few days since. Col. Vann was partly educated in Fayetteville. The public generally are cordially invited to be present today at the Methodist Church, at one o'clock and hear the addresses on Odd Fellowship. They'll Do It Every Time CARU CAMPOS WAS -me couuese USTHARIO- WHILE POOR 6RINPSTOflÂ£ NEVER HAP A CW6-- HEW CAH. CAMPUS.' MEET My FAMILY/ HOW ABOUT YOU, AREVOOMARRIEP? HEUO, UH-JWJAPO NO- I'M NOT- public confidence in the prison system. But the effect of such news on the system is doubly bad when It is the only kind of news the public hears about. And as long as the press is restricted from reportng cither, p e r h a p s less sensational, stories, then the disasters are the only prison developments which will come to public attention. The Board of Corrections would do well to quit playing its cards so close to its chest. A more flexible policy regarding the media should certainly be worth a try. - Birmingham (Ala.) News A SLIGHT DELAY Development of p r a c t i c a l means to harness solar energy can be expected to lag until somebody figures out a w a y to get a depletion allowance for production. - Charleston (S.C.) News and Courier PUBLIC SHOULD KNOW The president or the Georgia P r e s s Association has pinpointed a growing problem in his criticism recently of closed committee meetings by members of the General Assembly. Foy Evans, publisher of the Warner Robins Daily Sun, said that the meetings were "in direct violation of Georgia's open meetings (sunshine) law." As the G-PA president stated, "it is incredible that some members of the Georgia Assembly (saw) fit to violate Georgia's open meetings law, which they themselves enacted..." Tha tit is. When Georgia's sunshine law first was enacted, there was hope that it would be a strong deterrent to government in the cloakroom or behind the locked door. But the open meetings law continues to be flaunted - both flagrantly and in spirit - by all levels of government all across the state... These are exactly the type of situations the sunshine law was designed lo prevent... By violating their own law, members of the General Assembly also are violating the public trust and setting a poor example for all other officials at a time when public confidence in the political process is at one of its lowest points ever. - Tliton (Ga.) Daily Tiflon Gazette POOR ADVISERS Among the m a n y amazing things t h a t have helped get President Richard M. Nixon, and thus the nation, into terrible turmoil is the poor choice of presidential aides. Some have been brilliant. Some hard workers. Some dedicated. But so many unrealistic. We can think of half a dozen local grass roots politicians whose advice would have been better than that Mr. Nixon got. who could have kept him and the nation out of the hot water they are in. We'd be glad to "lend them" N i x o n , if it's not too late. But it's better to avoid problems than to try to solve them after they occur, Mr. Nixon should have had better advice - and should have taken it. - Chattanooga (Tenn.) News-Free Press A noon WATCHDOG T h e General Accounting Office isn't A household word lo most Americans, but it should be. The GAO, an arm of Congress, looks out for government inefficiency and waste and lets the jawmakcrs know about what it finds. The agency said it saved taxpayers $284 million last year. That's the k i n d of watchdog we like to see. - Beaumont (Tex.) Enterprise By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The Sym- b i o it o s e Liberation Army's cnmiuaiiiio raid on a bank, with Patricia Hearst wielding an automatic rifle, has government officials frankly worried. They see it as a sign t h a t the assassinations, bombings, kidnappings and other terrorist tactics, which plague oilier nations from Argentina to Britain, may soon hit our cities. For the trigger-happy SI,A raiders arc typical of a new breed of urban guerrillas w h o appear to be in touch with one another around the world. There Is no coordinated un- dc-rgiwmtl guerrilla movement. Indeed, Ihe insurgents often HV'iue over ideology and tactics. But the FBI has evidence of increasing cooperation between guerrilla groups. In the Middle East, the Japanese Red Army is aiding t h e Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine whicli, in turn, is sharing training resources with T u r k ish dissidents. Irish Republican Army insurgents have obtained sophisticated weapons from Arab terrorists, who get financial support from Libya. Guerrillas in Bolivia, Chile and Uruguay are believed to be sharing weapons, tactical information and training resources. And in Europe, Arab terrorists,, arc coopernline with German anarchists. Intelligence reports warn they, too, have The Washington Merry-Go-Round access lo extremely advanced weapons. The FBI has linked SLA members to a student commune, known as tho "Peking House," outside Berkeley, Cnlll. Tho SLA allegedly has drawn Inspiration from the Maoist philosophy taught nt the "Peking House." When SLA members Russell Little and Joseph Romlro were arrested for Ihe murder of an Oakland school official, police' found guerrilla literature in their possession. The texts apparently evolved from guerrilla manuals first produced by the Chinese Communists. The Hearst kidnapping appears to have been taken r'ght out of a Chinese text. The manual even suggests that the kidnap victims should - be ransomed to feed the poor. But the most ominous development in Ihe revolutionary movement has been a shift from the countryside to urban ghettos. Entire manuals have been written especially for thp urban guerrillas. These have been widely studied by insurgents in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Evidence of the shift toward urban warfare has also appeared in Africa and the Middle East. The Symbionese Liberation Army is now imitating this new breed of revolutionaries. They stiigo daring robberies, murders and kidnappings, Ilicn disappear into hideouts in llio middle of crowded cllios. This movumeiu inlo heavily populated ureas bus forced American military experts to revamp their strategy for fighting guerrillas, The m i l i t a r y is forbidden by law, however, from applying Iheir expertise against domestic militants. The responsibility belongs strictly with the FBI. We have seen lists of t h o revolutionary groups the FBI keeps tabs on, and we hiive s e e n intelligence reports describing their activities. Maoist-style guerrilla gangs already are active in many American cities, according to those FBI reports, and more acls of terrorism can be expected in the future. HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES: Entertainer Sammy Davis Jr.. whose inipulsive hugging of President Nixon was one of the highlights of the 1972 Republican convention, would like to forget the incident. When the President's name came up in his presence the other night, Davis winced and pleaded: "Don't mention his name to me"...John Lennon, the former Beatle now fighting expulsion "He's Right--We Should Forget The Scandals And Let Him Get On With His Economic Disasters" Police Strive For New Image WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The police are polishing up .their image. After years of talking about the need for reforms, many of the nation's more than 40,000 law-enforcement agencies are doing something to upgrade the duality and training.of their personnel, improve efficiency and create better relations with the community, particularly with blacks and Chicanos. Policemen -- and policewomen -- from "Officer Friendly" programs are appearing at schools and civic meetings to spread the word that "the cop cares." One benefit of the improvement in police-community relations is a growing willingness by the public to help fight crime. Citizens in several cities, including Pontiac, Mich., and Petersburg, Va., have handed together to supplement regular police patrols. The Indianapolis Anti-Crime Crusade is concentrating its efforts against rape, the nation's fastest growing crime. Police departments, with the aid of federal funds in recent years, are turning to psychological testing to screen out applicants who may be emotionally unstable, brutal or mentally i l l . Along with more careful recrtiitment the police a r e upgrading t h e i r training programs. Until 1950 no state required local policemen to undergo any form of basic training. By 1970, 33 states had set some form of basic training standards. In 25 of these states, basic training was mandatory. IN ALMOST every sizable city, police departments arc trying to recruit blacks. Chicanos, or whatever the local or ethnic minorities m i g h t be. In Los Angeles fluency in Spanish anrl English is considered a compensating factor for police candidates who might not otherwise meet minimum requirements. P o l i c e w o m e n a re more numerous and have received snim- new assignments in tha last few years. In IMS I n d i a n a - polis became the first A m e r i c a n city to assign women to patrol cars. Since then the idea has been adopted by Washington, New York, Pcoria, Miami and Los Angeles, among other places. In Washington, a major study evaluating the policewomen's performance on patrol undertaken by the Police Foundation and the Urban Institute, found that while women generally made fewer arrests than their male counterparts, they had greater cooperation from the public in obtaining crime information. But despite the well-publicized attempts to recruit minority members and women, these groups still arc under-repre- s e n t e d i n law-enforcement work. A study last year by the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the Police Foundation found that only 4 per cent of the nation's police are f r o m a racial minority and less t h a n 2 per cent are women. The study also disclosed that only R per cent of t h e police a g e n c ie s they surveyed required their recruits to have any college training. Proud of the trend toward greater professionalism, police officers were understandably up.set when the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration said recently that crime in the nations' five largest cities is several times higher t h a n i s officially reported. This f i n d i n g was based on door-to door interviews conducted by the Census Bureau for the agency. Crime reported by the police in Philadelphia, almost three times as high in Chicago, Detroit and was five times higher than was Los Angeles, ant) more than twice as high in New York. Citizens often do not tell tho police when they have been victimized by crime. Why? L K A A Administrator Donald Santarelli said they arc "turned o f f " by l!it- police, the courts and the jails, They felt the police couldn't do anything or wouldn't want to he bothered. Responding to the report, the police chiefs of Detroit, P h i l a d e l p h i a , Chicago, Jx)s Angeles, and New York 1 said they were already aware nf discrepancies between the number of crimes reported and actually committed. All five chiefs Â»ai(i they were pushing special programs to encourage citizens to report crimes, putting more policemen on the beat, and selling up mini-precincts. IN AT LEAST t h r e e of those cities -- Philadelphia, Chicago and New York -- there is the additional problem of r e c e n t police corruption. "Police corruption in Philadelphia is ongoing, widespread, systematic and occurring at all levels." according to a 1.404- page report released on March 11 by the Pennsylvania Crime Commission. The findings of the Pennsylvania commission were similar to those made by the Knapp Commission Report on Police Corruption in Now York. In Chicago, fiO policemen, including t w o captains, w e r e indicted last year and to date more than 40 have been convicted. Thus for every bit of polish that is applied to the police image, there always seems to be a new discloure of corruption (o I r a n i s h it. Yet the cop seems to have won a degree of understanding with the public that was so conspicuously lacking in the last decade. It is h a r d to tell how much of the change in altitude can bo ascribed to the temper of the times and how much to the new police attempt to improve community relations. Whatever the reasons, society no longer lends lo be polarized by the appcarnace of men in blue. IN THE BAG There have been reports that supermarkets in some areas were in danger of r u n n i n g out of paper bags, although a survey in Nashville imlicalcd i h i i t the situation hero had not reached such proportions, Perhaps if the paper crisis can be deferred a while, the supply of bags will nutlnsl Ihc supplies of things to be put In the bags, and hence no prnb- lom. No problem ? - Nashvill* (Tcnn.) Banner (rum Hie United Status, was u f f o r u i l ii sullf fi'ui" Â« , vlnl Â°' cocaine at n recent posh L o s Angles linvly. KyeÂ» riHslilijB. Leimon k n o c k e d thu vliil to tho floor and 111 u s e d : "Not m'oiiiid mo!" Lonnnn s fi'londs siiy ho Ims hcuumo mtlltimlly against ti'iigs...KinÂ«lll c ai] congressmen have been g r u m b l i n g In t n u backroums tignlnsl their top Im- uonuhmuiil lawyer, A l b e r t J c n n c r, a distinguished Chicago attorney. A move to oust h i m . say our sources, is led by conservative Reps. Larry lloiiiin. U-Mil.. and David ' Dennis, R-Ind. They don't think he has been valiant enough in d e f e n d i n g President Nixon ngainsl Impeachment...The Environmental Protection Agency, which luiK shelled out millions to major automakers to help them develop im efficient antipollution engine, has refused to fund a gadget backed by consumer champion Ralph Nader. His Public Interest Group now finds itself in a Catch 22 situation. It cannot prove the devica works . . . George Webster, a works without EPA funds, but EPA won't grant the funds unless they prove the, device prominent . Nixon campaign supporter once considered for the job of Internal Rcvenua commissioner, has been running a profit-making tax seminar institute, featuring Treasury Department officials. He charges $175 for two da.vs of sessions with experts such as Assistant Treasury Secretary John Hall , and Treasury tax specialist Ernest Christian. Hall said neither were paid for thbir services. They participated in the seminars, he said, merely to help get important Treasury information before the tax law community. Tke Writer Seldom A Politician WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The most eagerly awaited novel of. the year is, of course, A Very '. Special Relationship, a excerpt of which appears in the May issue of the Ladies' Home Journal. Readers are tingling with expectation because of the notoriety of the author -- Spirp . T. Agnew. former Vice President, of the United States. Â· Although Agncw insists the" ; book is no roman a clef, it will be read with a view to deter- ' mining how closely its art imi- - talcs nature. And then, wait till next year! That is when Sen. Howard H. Â·. Baker Jr. (R-Tenn.) s t a r of l a s t summer's Watergate hearings, plans to publish his first novel. Baker negotiated a two-book contract with Doubleday last fall. The second volume is to be an as : yet unspecified work of nonficlion. Planned well before Watergate, nove'l tells the story of a young Tennessee lawyer who is elec- Â· led to the U.S. Senate. Sounds kind of improbable. The Senate has been without a resident poet since Eugene J. McCarthy declined to run for re-election to his Minnesota seal four years ago. As a lame duck, . M c C a r t h y published a volume of verse titled O ' ^ p r Tilings and the Aardvark. Speaking of himself in one poem, be wrote: "I am alone.-I am walking west.-In. the land ' of the aardvarks-All the aardvarks are going east." ALMOST ALL Presidents of the United States have b e e n authors, even if the collected works of some of them amount only to compilations of speeches ' and public papers. The m o s t prolific by far were J o h n Quincy Adams and Theodore Roosevelt. Adams wrote 24 books. Roosevelt, not to be outdone, wrote 37. Few of these hooks are read or remembered today, but there are exceptions. One is John F. Kennedy's Profiles in Courage, which appeared in 1956. It is the only book by a man who served as President to win the Pulitzer Prize. Richard M. Nixon's pre-presidential volume of memoirs, Six Crises. continues to fascinate scholars and . critics searching for clues to the author's character. But the most towering work from a presidential pen came from Ulysses S. Grant, who was an abject failure ip office. Grant's Personal Memoirs, n two-volume account of his experiences as head of the Union forces in the Civil War. were written out of dire financial need. As the late literary critic, Edmund Wilson, once observed, "they are seldom read by anyone save students of the Civil War; yet this record of Grant's campaigns may well rank, as M n r k Twain believed, as the most remarkable work of its kind since the Commentaries of Julius Caesar." .. IT SHOULD BE obvious by now that politicians find it easy to turn author. But the process appears not to be reversible. Consider the New York mavoril race of 10f!8. N o r m a n M a i l - er, no less, t o o k on the incumbent John V. Lindsay. ami his running-mate (for president of the city council) was Jimmy Breslin. They wanted to make New York City Ihc 51sl state. Today, the American flag still has 50 stars and Mailer and Breslin are still writers. They should have known history, authors .who hnve sought public office invariably bombed at the polls. The list of those who r n n and failed lo cross the finish line Include* Gore Vlilnl, Ilcywnml Hrnun, .Tfimos A, Mldmncr, Rill M a u l d in. Upton Sinclair, and Wlrwlmi Churchill (the turn of-tlxvcoiv tnry American novelist, nnt the British slntcHman). There must hÂ« s lesson her* somewhere'