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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL, XLIX—NO. 260 Blythevtlle Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader ' Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, JIONDAI, JANUARY 25, 1954 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Ike Submits 8-Point Plan For Housing 140,000 New Units Urged In Next 4 Years WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today gave Congress and eight-point program for revising federal housing laws with the declared aim of providing "good housing in good neighborhoods" for every American. Eisenhower urged authorization of four more years of public housing, with 140,000 new units to be started. The rate, 35,000 a year is the one now authorized. But this program, the Presidenl •aid in a special message to Congress, should be coupled with new and experimental" plan to encourage private enterprise to meet the needs of low income families. The government should underwrite longer-term mortgages with lower down payments for families left homeless by slum clearance, he said. The proposed, stem-to-stern overhaul of the housing program should be based, Eisenhower said, on "full and effective utilization of our competitive economy." The President said: Avoid Dependency "The federal government must provide aggressive and positive leadership .At the same time actions and programs must be avoided that would make our citizens increasingly dependent upon the federal government to supply their housing needs." Calling for slum eradication and B new-home building level high enough to insure "the economic and social well being of our country" Eisenhower said: "I am convinced that every American family can have a decent home if the builders, lenders and communities and the local, state and federal governments, as well as individual citizens will put their abilities and determination energetically to the task." He palled for: Federal loan funds totaling 700 million dollars , and money for grants up to 250 million dollars, to be made available to cities to renovate decaying areas and eliminate- existing slums. Federal Housing Administration mortgage insurance to help home owners rehabilitate aging houses in declining neighborhoods. FHA financing for the purchase of old houses as favorable-to the buyer as the down payment and mortgage terms on new houses. Increase FHA Insurance Increasing the FHA loan insurance for repair and modernization from $2,500 to $3,000, and giving homeowners five years instead of three years to repay. Reorganizing the government s Federal National Mortgage Assn. which bolsters housing credit by buying mortgages from banks and posed to convert it gradually to See IKE on page 10 Indestructible Hemingway, Wife Unhurt in Two Plane Crackups KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — Novelist Ernest Hem- mmgway and his fourth wife were safe and unhurt today after two plane crackups here in the big game wilds of central East Africa. The couple's chartered sightseeing plane was damaged Saturday when they landed alongside the Upper Nile to take pictures. Later a rescue plane cracked up as it tried to take off with them. Both times nobody was hurt. Today the H e m i n g Hemingway ways were headed by road for Entebbe, at the head of Uganda's Lake Victoria. The American couple, with pilot Roy Marsh, left Nairobi, capital of the British colony of Kenya, Saturday for a 6CO-mile flight to the 400-foot Murchison Palis of Uganda. No Radio As Marsh landed the small Cessna plane for Hemingway to take pictures near the falls, the undercarriage was damaged and the party could not take otf. The plane had no radio, and when it failed to return, East African Airways launched a search. The Cessna was spotted yesterday by Capt. R. C. Jude, piloting a British Overseas Airways airliner. He said it was about 300 yards from the Victoria Nile River, three miles below the falls, and in the middle of scrub trees and thick bush. He said that he saw no signs of life but that the aircraft didn't appear badly damaged. The Hemingways and Marsh, meanwhile, had hailed a passing launch taking tourists to the falls. It brought them to Butiaba, 40 miles south on Lake Albert, where a rescue plane landed to take them to Entebbe. Damaged in Takeoff The rescue plane was damaged taking off and failed to become airborne. One report — unconfirmed—said it burned. Again nobody was hurt. The author and his wife then took to the road for the 185-mile trip southeast to Entebbe. Hemingway and his present wife were married in 1946. She was Mary Welsh, well-known magazine correspondent. His first three marriages ended in divorce. The novelist and his wife live most of the time outside Havana, Cuba, but are now on a five- month journey through East Africa. His most recent published writing, in the current issue of Look magazine, tells of the first five weeks of the party's safari by truck, hunting car, jeep and on foot. GOP Solons Expect Little Tariff Cutting WASHINGTON (AP) — Several key Republican congressmen were reported today to have advised President Eisenhower to expect little or no action by Congress this year to lower tariff barriers against foreign goods. This was the reported stand of Republicans who have fought traditionally for tariffs high enough to protect American industry from competition at home from cheaper foreign goods- Tariffs are taxes imposed on foreign products as they enter the United States, in effect raising their prices here. Eisenhower received over the weekend a 102-page report from his 17-man Foreign Economic Policy Commission, headed by Clarence B. Randall of Chicago, Inland Steel Co. board chairman. Filled with Dissents The report, sprinkled liberally with dissents from various members, especially Republican congressional members, urged that •he President be given power to lower tariffs by 5 per cent a year over the next three years. In addition, the report said, the President should be empowered to .'educe any tariff to 50 per cent of he value of the goods imported. But Chairman Daniel A. Reed ;R-NY) of the tariff - handling House Ways and Means Comrait- ec. 'In a blistering-dissent, said inch a program "admittedly will create unemployment and adverse- y affect business in this country." He said the only remedies offered the commission. by the commission were sympathy or government subsidies but they "are no substitute for jobs." The commission recommended a three-year extension of the Reciprocal Trade Act, which allows the President to lower tariffs in return for trade concessions from other countries. But under the present law tariffs cannot be lowered below 50 per cent of the rate in 1945. The commission proposal was to lift this restriction. 3-Year Extension Urged Sen. George (D-Ga), senior Democrat on the Senate Finance Committee, said in an interview yesterday that while the commission report is too comprehensive to be acted upon in its entirety, he hopes Congress will accent the recommendation for a three-year, extension of the Reciprocal ©$d£* Act. Shorter extensions'C^e i«5u, --fitjep- 1 everything unsettled." Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R- Ways and Means Committee ,< and Pa), a high-ranking member of the advocate of higher tariffs on some items, joined Reed in a dissent, saying that industry protests as to the effects of "so-called 'trade liberalization* upon the economy and the defense base of this country have largely been ignored" by 70 Youths Held Here For Break-In Ten Blytheville youths were turned over to the County Child Welfare office this morning for disposition after they were arrested by City Police In connection with breaking into Ellis Implement Co. yesterday afternoon. About $65 worth of shotgun shells, lire crackers and a car battery were taken, police said. The cases of the boys will be brought before Judge Philip Deer in Juvenile Court Thursday morn- The youths were reported to the ing, police by one of the boy's fathers when he saw some ol the articles taken by them. Entrance to the implement company was gained through a back window. Bidault Seeks to Place Europe Above Asia on Big 4 Agenda MMHBM^B^^M^^ •• -•«.*,• .-„_—.- • - ^^ ^^ Inside Today's Courier News . .1 Good 'Approach "O^reU to Delinquency Problem . . . Editorials . , . pa^e 4. Busy Week for Chicks Begins Tomorrow Night at Greene County Tech . . . Kentucky, Aggies, Holy Cross In Stiffest Tests . . . Sports . . . pages 6 and 7. Presidential Commissions Don't Always Produce Ideal Results . . . The Record Shop . . . page 3. French Minister Opens Berlin Talks BERLIN (AP) — Foreign Minister Georges Bidault proposed to the Big Four today that German and Austrian problems be settled ahead of any discussion of Asian problems. Bidault's statement was made at the opening session of the Big Four Conference in Berlin called to ease world tensions. DCl.LES IN BERLIN — U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles talks to newsmen after arrival at Berlin. Dulles was the first of the Big Four foreign ministers to arrive for the conference which opened today. (AP WJrephoto via radio from Berlin) Strife-Ridden Senate Group Hears Mitchell WASHINGTON (AP) — The Senate Labor Committee, torn by dissensions between Republican and Democratic members, today summoned Secretary of Labor Mitchell as the first witness in hearings on President Eisenhower's 14 proposed revisions of the Taft-Hartley law. Mitchell was certain to face searching interrogation from Democrats and from Republican Sen. Ives of New York over Eisenhower's recommendation that the government conduct a secret poll of eHjjloyes whenever a labor dispute.,'enters the strike stage. In a speech two weeks ago, Mitchell indicated he wanted Congre$s to give special study to this proposal. The other 13 points in Eisenhower's program, he said, should speedily be enacted into law. Blytheville Trio Held for Theft Three Are Nabbed For Pool Hall Entry George Barber, Joe Blankenship and Billy Tart, all of Blytheville, waived extradition today for return here from New Madrid, Mo., on charges oJ burglary and grand larceny in connection with breaking into Campbell's Pool Room on East Main Saturday night, according to Sheriff William Berryman. Barber and Blankenship were on suspended sentences for burglary and grand larceny from the fall 1953 term of Circuit Court. The three men were arrested Sunday by the sheriff of New Madrid County, Mo., on suspicion. Officers said they admitted they burglarized the pool room and took about $10 .in change from the juke box, pinball machine and cash register. When arrested, they had about ?20 in nickels in their possession. Information was filed in Circuit Court by the prosecuting attorney's office last July 16, charging the trio with burglary and grand larceny In connection with taking a television set from the home of Arlie Bryeans June 28. Billy Tart could not be found but Barber and Blankenship were sentenced by Circuit Judge Zal B. Harrison on pleas of guilty to three and five years, respectively, with the sentences suspended. Senate Republicans Still Hopeful Of Compromise on Treaty Issue WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate .Republican leaders told President Eisenhower today they still are hopeful a compromise can be worked out on the Bricker amendment to limit treaty-making powers. The note of optimism despite the failure of compromise efforts over the weekend — was voiced by the leaders at their weekly conference with the President. CMA to Present Concert Sunday Civic Music Association will present the second In Its series of concerts here Sunday afternoon when Contralto Jean Hnndzlik appears at Blytheville High School auditorium. Included in Miss Handzllk's program will be arias from English and French operas, German art songs »nd a medley of musical comedy numbers. Attendance will be restricted to CMA members town guests. The group met with Eisenhower for two hours to review the legislative program generally. Afterward, Sen. Knowland of California, the Senate GOP leader, told newsmen that "as of this moment there is no agreement (on the Bricker amendment)" but he might have some development in the situation to announce later in the day. He said he was returning to the Capitol to continue discussions imed at achieving'fl compromise. Asked whether he was taking back to the Senate some new com- iromise proposal drafted by the President, Knowland replied he was not. • No Success Sen. Ferguson of Michigan, as chairman of the Senate GOP Policy committee, tried without success over the weekend to work out some compromise with Sen. Bricker (R-bhio). Bricker has proposed that the Constitution be amended so that "a treaty shall become effective as internal law in the United States only through legislation which would be valid in the absence of treaty." ' Eisenhower has said this would permit states to repudiate treaties, an assertion Bricker said was "erroneous." Knowland and Ferguson hj prepared a substitute under which treaties made "pursuant" to the Constitution would become the supreme law of the land. They said this would open treaties to court review of their constitutionality, if their internal effects were challenged. Already approved by the State and Justice departments, this substitute needs Eisenhower's personal okay before its introduction, which would signal the end of efforts to compromise with Bricker on the controversial points of his proposal. Seek Bipartisan Flavor If and when the substitute is offered. Republican leaders hope it also will bear the names of some Democrats to give it a bipartisan flavor. However, a Democratic leader who didn't want to be quoted by name said he is inclined to let the Republicans fight the Missco Joins Drive to Raise Funds for Industrial School issue out among themselves. The debate, due to get under way tomorrow, Is likely to take several weeks. The house has little business on 150 presidential nominations, and to the mutual security treaty with South Korea. No major opposition to the treaty was in sight. The house has little business on tap for the week, but may reach a voje on a Justice Department proposal to permit evidence obtained by wiretapping to be used in certain federal court trials. Negro Mothers' March Planned Willie Mae Robinson, chairman of the Negro women's division of March of Dimes, asnounced plans for a Negro mothers' march for Friday night. The mothers will begin knocking on doors at 7 p.m. Listed as workers are Sarah Buckanan, Ethel Mills, Sophie Buckner, Louise Hicfcman, B. E. Roberts. F. Jones. L. Thomas, E. Mills and Esther Gentry. Mississippi County this week joined the rest of the state in attempting to raise funds for the state's Boys Industrial School near Pine Bluff. Working through a state-wide Francis Cherry raise funds for committee, Gov. Is attempting to construction of chapels . for both white and Negro inmates. Local chairman is E. B. Gee, who has been named a member of the 75-man committee by Governor Cherry. Also on the .committee are C. F. Tompkins of Burdette, C. J. Lowrance, Jr., Driver, and Ru- ius Branch, Pecan Point. "Money appropriated by the Legislature," Mr. Gee Pointed and their out-of- out, "Is being spent to rebuild the physical plant. "These appropriations make no provision for recreational equipment of any kind. "It is the Governor's, and my, hope that through personal solicitation over the state, we can provide these boys with some recreational and physical training opportunities. None exists in the school as of now." Due to lack of equipment and personnel, he said, what physical activity the boys are getting nt present Is limited mainly work In fields. Executive committee plans call for supervised boxing and outdoor sports programs, plus construction of a swimming pool. Harvey Couch, Jr., Pete Rancy and Scott Rushing head the committee. Bagley Doesn't Want Any More Calls tor Bagley 'Cut This Bagley't Gone If you haven't contacted Mr. Bagley about that Job, you can forget it now. Mr. Bagley has filled the vacancy and left town, but the Rev. Roy I. Bagley's telephone is still ringing, A man named Bagley put a classified ad in the Courier News last week and was seeking « "receptionist." Since that time, the Methodist pastor's telephone has been busy. The advertisement ran for the last time Saturday. And the Rev. Mr. Bagley has very nearly found himself in need of a receptionist to answer the telephone ever since "Mr. Bagley" left town and quit aa^werlng lit his number listed in the'nd, Committee Split The committee, headed by Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ), was split wide open last week when Democrats refused to consent to a vote on Eisenhower's nomination of Albert C. Beeson to the National Labor Relations Board, which administers t he Toft-Hartley law. Smith charged his Democratic colleagues with "filibustering" and with attempting to embarrass Eisenhower. Sen. Lehman (D-Lib-NY), supported by the other five committee Democrats, countered a n g r 1 1 5 there was no such intention. He said Democrats were not yet satisfied that Beeson was qualified for the job. Mitchell became secretary of labor last fall, alter lormer Score, tary Martin P. Durkin. president of the AFL Plumbers Union, quit public dispute with Eisenhower over Taft-Hartley amendments. Smith introduced a bill in the Senate touching in all 14 points. The measure, calling for a vote after a strike had started, would provide that unless a majority favor continuing the strike, it "shall cease to be a protected, concerted a c ti v it y within the meaning of this act." Plan Called Unworkable Every committee Democrat has indicated unwillingness to adopt any such provision, whether the vote were held before or after a And Ives termed It and a "direct swat" Rifes Tomorrow For Mrs. Keck Wife of Former Circuit Judge Dies Of Heart Attack At this first such meeting in five years, Bidault said: • "Clearly our meeting should be devoted to European problems. I do not believe that agreements reached on a broad plane will be advisable or even effective. We do not see why the fate of Austria should depend on that of Korea, why there should be established a link between the unification of Germany and a change in the International accords governing Communist China." Notice or Unity This proposal by the French CL_ eign minister served direct notic to Soviet Foreign Minister Vyi cheslav M. Molotov that the Wes ern powers were united In the stand against his prodding for Big Five meeting with Red Chin sitting in. Molotov arrived her Saturday with this proposal on h lips. As Bidault spoke, TJ. s. Secrt tary of state John Foster Dulle sat opposite British Foreign Se> retary Anthony Eden, with Mol> tov at Dulles' right. Bidault spok In French, with simultaneoi translations, through earphone into English and Russian. The meeting—the ninth the Cour oil of Foreign Ministers has he: since 1945—was held In the Allie Control Authority building In th strike starts, "unworkable' at labor leaders. Senators Purtell (R-Conn) and Goldwater (R-Ariz) say they favor holding the strike vote before a strike actually starts, not afterwards. Smith said last night in a CBS radio-television interview he is not "wedded to" either a poststrlke or prestrlke vote, but is "wedded, to exploring whether the secret ballot is being properly observed in the unions" and if not what could be done legislatively about it. The committee may drop the idea if its hearings develop no need for It, he said. Services for Mrs. Nanny Boylesi Keck, who died at her home here last night following a heart attack will be conducted nt. 2:30 p.m. tomorrow at the First Presbyterian Church here. The Rev. Harvey T. Kidci, pastor will officiate, assisted by the Rev Roy I. Bagley, pastor of First Methodist Church. Burin! will be in Elmwond Cemetery with Holt Funeral Home in charge. The body will lie in state from 1 until 2:30 tomorrow In the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Keck, who wos 58, was born in Osceola and had resided here for the past 40 years. She was the wife of former Circuit Court Judge G. E. Keck. She also is survived by two daughters, Mrs. F. Don Smith of Blythe- ille and Mrs. George M. Powell of Hot Springs. Pallbearers will be Henry Humphries, John Cauciill, Louis Cherry, H. G. Partlow, Jesse Taylor, Oscar Hardaway, Edgar Borum and A. S, Harrison. 2nd Blytheville Boy Gets Apollo Choir Audition Another Blytheville boy Is scheduled to audition for a chance to Join the Apollo Boys Choir. He is Boyce Freeman Moore, son of Mr. and Mrs. Boyce Moore, Sr., who will attend final auditions in Palm Beach, Pla., Jan. 31. Byron Moore, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Byron Moore, Sr., of Blytheville won a place in the choir this summer. The Moore boys are not related. Boyce auditioned Jan. 21 In Memphis and was one of four boys from this area to be invited to the final auditions. He has sung here In the First Christian Church Choir and n Mrs. Wilson Henry's Junior High Boys' Glee Club. He will be accompanied to Palm Springs by his parents and Mrs, Henry. American sector, once a cour house used by the Nazi regim before its defeat. Concrete Problems "In my opinion," Bidault sa "our debates should deal wit concrete problems, suspectible quick solution...It is clear that th two pillars of a European agree ment are the German and Austria pence treaties." Repeating the general line take by the Western powers that a BO lulion In Europe first should b taken up, he called for free elei tions in Germany through whlc a government would be chosen fo a united country. Answering Rus sian arguments of the past that provisional German governmen should be set up which in tur: should control the elections, B: dault said: "It is clear to us from the Dem ocratio point of view that It is th election which makes the govern ment and not the governmen which makes the elections." Pleading for restoration of Ger many into the European family Bidault said the 1945 Potsdam nc cord clearly intended that "Ger many should not be left Isolated in the heart, of the continent should not be allowed "to revive an aggressive militarism." First Visit Since 1945 It was Molotov's first visit t West Berlin since the 1945 Pots dam conference. It was Dulles first major diplomatic mission since he became secretary state. The four sat down together .with their advisers around a square table under a celling painting o. the Angel Gabriel tooting his trumpet of doom. Dulles and Molotov arrived more than a half hour early to have preliminary talk on conference ar rangements, such as the choice of chairman. Attention was cen tered on any meeting of these two principals particularly in view o: the impending discussions on worlc atomic energy control proposed by President Eisenhower and received iympathetically by Moscow. As motorcades for each minister wept through the marble gateway and around the oval drive, flags of all four countries whipped from 'our high white staffs before the entrance. German crowds watched best they could from behind police barriers. The whole area was heavily ruarded by American MPS and Vest German police. Powdered snow from an early lurry covered the area. Bitter cold discouraged the idly curious "rom standing around for the dubious chance of a long distance view of the men who hold their future In their hands. Dulles Arrives First First to arrive on the scene was Secretary Dulfes, , Jaunty as he See BIDAULT on page 10 Osceolan Injured in Plane Crash LUXQRA _ An Osceola man narrowly escaped serious injury here yesterday when the. light plane he was piloting crashed and struck a power line at the edge of a private landing field. He Is Marlon L. Cooper, 31, who suffered only facial lacerations and t slight concussion. He was taken to Osceola Memorial Hospital but was expected to be dismissed this afternoon. Mr, Cooper wu piloting » two- passenger ftpronca owned by Billy Crecellus, Jimmy Hart and Gene Carr, all of Osceola. The plane was demolished. Mr. CrecclHis, who Had Just landed In another plane prior to the crash, said Mr. Cooper had made one pass at the field and had elected to make a. new approach for a landing. As this approach was being completed, he snld, the engine began cutting out. Carburetor icing wu au»pect*d as the cause of the trouble, Mr. Crecellus said, since Ideal icing conditions existed due to the high humidity and cool weather. The plane fell from nbout 150 to 200 feet, he said. A 6,900-volt power line was snapped • »nd tbout 14 poles were pulled down, Interrupting service to half a dozen rural customers. Service was restored about 8 p.m., Ark-Mo Power Co. officials laid todiy. Demos Talk Of Tax Aid For Families Threaten Floor Fight On Ike's Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Some House Democrats talked today of a drive to get more tax relief for families and less for stockholders and businesses in any tax revision program enacted this year. They threatened a floor fight aimed at drastically revising a two-billion-dollar tax reduction and revision plan strongly championed by President Eisenhower and other Republicans. Several Democrats on the tax- writing House Ways and Means Committee said they hope to eliminate sections providing sharp reductions in taxes on stock and bond dividends, and much more rapid tax reductions to business for the cost of new plants and equipment. ', > These prdposalsr already approved by the committee, would reduce revenue an estimated 615 million dollars the first year and provide much bigger savings to the taxpayers involved in the second and third years—perhaps three times as much. Hailed by Republicans Republicans have hailed them as the most important points in a project for rewriting almost all the nation's tax laws. Sponsors say they will encourage investment, business growth, more ai$ better jobs and a higher standard of living for everybody. But some Democrats argue it would be far preferable to Increase personal income tax exemptions, .hus reducing taxes more for large families and low-income groups, and shoring ,up the economy through their increased purchasing lower. Democrats already have proposed to add to the program a $100 ncrease in each personal exemption. Now, several Democrats said. they are considering a move on the House floor to knock out the tax revision sections on dividends and business depreciation and replace .hem with the increase in personal exemptions. Democrats argue that .he loss In revenue—2'/ 2 billions 'rom the personal exemptions increase—would be almost the same by the third year. Several Favor Strategy Repi Eberharter (D-Pa) said to- ly he personally favored this strategy but Democrats probably would not reach a final, party-line decision until the committee completes the revision project. Several ther Democratic committee mem- iers, asking not to be quoted by lame, said they also favored the dea. Eberharter said Republicans are resenting the revision program to he public as mostly technical :hanges in tax laws which will lencfit everybody. "Actually, he said, "the plan up- . icars to be a fundamental change Sec DEMOCRAT on page 10 Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with oo- asional light rain, through Tues:y; no Important temperature langes. MISSOURI — Cloudy with drlzzl* his afternoon, tonight and Tue«ay; freezing drizzle extreme north ils afternoon and freezing drizal* hanging to snow northwest and ex- erne north late tonight and Tues- ay; not much temperature chang«. Maximum Saturday—37. Minimum Saturday—26. Maximum yesterdny~52. Minimum this morning—M. Sunrise tomorrow—7:02. Sunset today—5:22. Mean tampcraturc (midway between gh and low)—42.5. Precipitation lut 48 haun M I'M m, today—,16. Precipitation JAB. 1 •» «>M-7:4». Tfcll D»t« I.alt Ynr Maximum yeetBrdny—flS, Minimum yesterday—32, • • Precipitation J»nu*r7 1 M «*M—<.N.