The Algona Upper Des Moines, Algona, Iowa, November 22,1934 0 North Dodgtt Street HAGGARD * WAtUER, Publishers. ta Second dan matter at the postoClce »t Algon*. Iowa, under act of Congress of March 3,1879. f aroed Weekly. SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN KO8SUTH CO.: On* Tear, in Advance $2.00 •be Months, in Advance 125 Vhre« Months, in Advance 60 Subscriptions Outside County, $2.50 per year, strictly In advance. Subscriptions Payable in Advance. DISPLAY ADVERTISING, SOe PER INCH Composlton A cents per Inch extra. Pastor Describes Task of Violin Making, An Unusual Hobby to wi •Let the people know the troth and the cetmtry if*."—Abraham Lincoln. SENATOR NORRIS OF NEBRASKA WRITES OF HIS ACCEPTED ONE-HOUSE LEGISLATURE Because we relieve the proposal Is one worth study- of Nebraska, recently, asking him to explain why he so vigorously championed the one-house legislature which was adopted by the Nebraska voters at the last election. His reply, explaining his views, follows. In a day when governmental structure stems to be undergoing a distinct change. Senator Norris' views are worth reading, whether one agrees with them or not. His article: "Why should the legislature of Nebraska have two branches instead of one? Th? qualifications of members CHOOSING A VIOLIN By Rev. A. S. Hneser (No. 4) Some time ago a clarinet was brought to me for inspection. The prospective buyer told me that she did not like the tone, but her teacher had told her that it was a high class genuine Buffet clarinet and she was getting it at a very low price, indeed she was getting It cheap if it had been what Is referred to by professional musicians as a genuine Buffet. I advised the girl to go back to her teacher and ask htm once more If this Instrument was what Is considered a high grade genuine* Buffet clarinet and in the meantime I would get a printed statement that would prove that It was not. I later learned from, her that she did ask and was told It was genuine. I have a definite statement in writing that It Is not. I am not saying that the teacher was attempting to deceive the pupil, but cerainly was not properly Informed about clarinets. Every pupil should be taught to be a good judge of Instruments as well as music. I do not brlleve that one can be as easily deceived in the buying of a wind instrument as in the buying This Is very- seldom true of th? string instruments unless they are in the higher grades. Our success in choosing a good string instrument will therefore, depend upon o\u- good judgment. Let me say from the very first that you cannot expect to get a good violin for twenty-five dollars. Parents will often buy for one of the children a cornet or clarinet for forty or even eighty or more dollars, and the other child a violin for fifteen dollars, which is cer- " to the second child. Buy a same. The official duties they are to perform are of exactly tfie same nature. Why should we then have two bodies instead of one and burden our taxpayers with the necessarily Increased expense, to attain the object that can be fully attained by one house instead of two." "The present two-house legislative Astern is an historical accident. The structure of our state legislatures was carried over from the make-up of the colonial legislative bodies as they existed in 1776. The colonial legislatures, naturally were patterned after the mother country, England, and England's Parliament at that time was a two-house body, one chamber representing th« English nobility and aristocracy, the other the common people. "No good reason now exists for continuing this slavish imitation of an ancient English legislative system now in effect discarded even by England itself. Nebraska does not give special representation to specially privileged classes. "Adoption of the one-house legislature proposal will result in the following advantages: 1. The Jealonsy, friction, and rivalry between the two houses, which often remits In deadlocks and the defeat of constructive legislation, wffl be eliminated by a one-house legislature. "Benjamin Franklin long ago compared a two-chambered legislature to a wagon with a horse hitched at each end and the two pulling In opposite directions. The cities of America long ago abandoned as unworkable the two-chamber council system. No business could function with two boards of directors equal In authority. 2. A fltne-hons* legislature win make possible the definite fixing of responsibility for action on al bflto introduced; where two bodie» of persons are involved it Is hard to flx blame. "It will not be possible as now to shift blame from one house to another. Public attention will be focused upon a single body, permitting close scrutiny of all legislative proceedings while laws are in the process of enactment. Each member of a one-house legislature will be more important and therefore more conspicuous The public will be enabled to watch his acts and reward or punish htm accordingly. 3. A one-house legislature will decrease greatly the opportunity for corruption; special interests desiring to hffl proposed legislation find their way twice a* easy when it U necessary to control or corrupt only one of two honMft. 4. Legislation by conference committees will be ah- ollnhed. "Approximately 15 per cent of all bills and 75 per cent of all Important measures, enacted Into law are the product of some conference committee. When a bill passes one branch of the legislature. Is amended In the. other house and the first house refuses to concur In the amendment, a conference committee Is selected by the presiding officers of the two houses. This conference conwnittfe in reality constitutes a third house. The people have no voice as to who Its members shall be. Its work t> performed in secret, and when the proposed law formed by this committee is submitted to the House and the Senate It cannot be amended. It must be voted up or down as a whole. Members must take what they b - Ikve to be bad in order to secure what they believe to be good. Legislation by conference committees is sec- ict, irresponsible legislation by five or six men appointed at the suggestion cf party leaders. A one-house legislature will tnd all of this. 5. The tax burden of the state win be reduced by Uie adoption of the one-house legislature proposal. "Und.r the proposed plan $75.000.00 will be the maximum amount that can be paid out in salaries for members of UK- legislature. Instead of 10 cents a mile, the members will receive actual traveling expenses onjy. The amount neci-.vsary to be spent for employees, postage, printing, and so on, will of course be more than cut in half. «. By providing that th* members shall be nominated and elected on a nonpartisan ballot, the one-house legfeaature will be divorced from partisan politics. "Hom'.st men may disagree on the NRA. tariff, and League ol Nations, but th,? legislature of Nebraska has nothing to <io with those <im-stion.s and Its im-rnb. iv, should neither be elected nor defeated on those i.s- fcihs. Tile best qualified men and women should be elected to the legislature regardless of thi-ir vi ws on national Issues. "The rt-pn.M-illation from th • rural areas will be de- crea-st-d by reason ol the fewer members to the same «xu-nt and in the same proportion a., the representation Irom the citits will be decreased. The relatives strength of the farm territory and llu; cities in tr.<- Igislature will of course it-main exactly the tame. "The claim that two houses insure cartful di-lib ration and prevent ill-considertd and .-art lei: ly drawn legislation is best answer-.d by reference ;o the huge volume of ill-considered and cart-lt-^ly drawn 1< taxation now pouring out of two-chamber U-KialitHe factories. With lewvr int-julx-rs to introduce bills and no laa-hour conlerence commitUc report.-, to consider, the one-house Igislature would be an unhurried d-. liberate body In this manner rash and ha^ty legLJation can be prevented. "Under the on*.—house .syst-.m the governor will still haw his right of veto. The jR-ople w m . sn u , w .^-.s.s the- power to suspend any bill wider the referendum and submit it to popular vote. Tiie supreme court will still have authority to nullify any act in contravention of the constitution. In order to prevent ha.sty legislation it is not necessary to render :h<- legislature li-ble impotent and inefficient, by dividing it into two antagonistic bodies." How to Figure National Debt Fenton RiporU-r: TJiey u-ll us that the United Slates is headed toward bankruptcy uiik-.-» a halt L-, made in piling up further debu,. Well, stop worrying about, it Who do we owe these billions of debt, tlutt u.e government is in, lo? Not to any foreign country. No! We owe it to each other in thu> country, and wlu owns the Kovernmuit? Nobody but \ou and'l. So we don't out- iaiything. Sounds i*JiMble when one itojxs to analyse it. doesnlt it? No, jhc-ae aJ'e not Uu.- writers ideas. But, they are the ideas of u substantial, shrewd and hard- ritjaded citizen of Fentoii, ana we can i-_ v when- he lias figured it out about right. to trade it in for a better one you will be surprised how much you will be allowed for it. This is seldom true of wind instruments. Old second hand Instruments that are commonly found over the country are seldom worth much. I have taken a number of such apart in the last four years and have found all but one unfinished on the inside. If you buy a new instrument get It on 30 days' trial. Most dealers will allow you 6 to 10 days' trial. No one can tell in ten days as to whether the tone is going to improve or not. The model of the violin is very important. Avoid the high arched models such as the oiainer and Amati. These are as a rule poorly balanced. The best models are the Stradivarius and Guarneri. Look carefully at the wood. The grain should run straight. If the lines have decided curves you may be quite certain that the maker never intended it for a good instrument. Knots in the wood are also bad. Most of the high class modern instruments have very pronounced curly back, sides and neck. Some poor violins may have the same. The tone is of course most important and it takes a trained ear to be a good judge. The tone should sound as though it jumped right off the top of the Instrument. If the tone seems to come from the inside of the instrument having a wooly quality one should hesitate to buy. However, I have found very new violins with soft oil varnish give out such tones at first, but later as they were "played in", lose that quality and produce very snappy and agreeable tones. The other qualities should be strength, volume, responsiveness, smoothness, and carrying power. Much more can be said about the tone but always bear In mind that the tone must be agreeable to the student or he will refuse to practice. Now you may have a very fine Instrument for your child, but if It Is not the right size you need not expect good re&ults. Very seldom should a child nine or ten years old try to play a full sized violin. Many become discouraged and quit after a few lessons. Others, if they succeed at all, will acquire bad habits and perhaps will be handicapped all their life. No conscientious teacher will permit a pupil of his to try to learn to play on an instrument that is too large for him. In the near future I expect to have a display of violin wood and violin makers tools in one of the store windows. With that display I shall also show some photographs of children with correct and incorrect slz^d violins. ODD THIN6S AND NEW—By Lame Bode DEEPEST \jf \ DIVINO-F\ • ABILITY TO ft»V6 DEEPLY IS UNCOMMON AND TAKES LONG TRAINING TO DEVELOP. NATIVES •ABELY tHVg OVER 30 FEET, BUT ONE 1*6ARL OIV£« HAS DOWN no far. SUNRISE BEFORE TIME- THE SUM IS ACTUALLY SEEN BEFORE SUNRISE, BECAUSE OP THE REFRACTING (BENDING OVER THE HORIZON) OP ITS LIGHT WAVES. ELECTRIC RAIN/ BOTH RAINDROPS AND SNOWPLAKES GENERALLY CARRY ELECTRICAL CHARG BANCROFT NEWS Mr. and Mrs. M. P. Schlltz drove to St. Louis last week for a visit, wltfti relatives. Mrs. J. H. Sheridan, son, James, Mrs. Henry Otilde and Mrs,, A. H. Fuchs spent Monday In Fairmont on business. Andrew Berens arrived here from Chicago last week for a visit at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Berens. Miss Isabel Saunders drove to Fort Dodgig Saturday and Mrs. Walter Welr> and daughter. Mar.lorie. returned with her for the week end. Dr. Karl Hoffman, W. A. Murray. R. E. Button and Dr. R. E. Weber drove to the cities Saturday to attend a- football crams there. Mrs. C. J. DeKerinsr entertained the Get-Together club last. Thursday at her home. Miss Catflwrlne Rahe won high and Mrs. Charles McOulre won low. Mr. and Mrs. James Dorcev. Jr., are the parents of a baby girl born Read The Want Ads—It Pays. Saturday morning. This is their first child and was named Madonna Eileen. Miss Monica Baker has been confined to her bed since Tuesday her friends were clad to (hear that she was able to be UD Monday for a short- time. The Catholic Foresters held a dance- and card party Monday evenlrur and: the Legion held a charity ball Thursday e'venlns with a large crowd attending both. Mrs. Joe Welp. Jr.. entertained six tables of bridge at her home Friday evening. Mrs. F. J. Welo won high- Reglne Berens low and Isabel Saunders cut prize. Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Tbllefson of Milwaukee have a baby bov born last week. Mrs. Tollefson was Doris Dyer before her marriage and a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Mark Dyer. A card party sponsored by the Yountr Ladles' Sodality was held Sunday evening. Bridge and flve hundred were- played at 25 tables. Mrs. Prank Wil- lelml won high in flve hundred for the ladies and Mrs. Joe Cogley. low. Ambrose Vaske won high for the mere and Leonard Hutchlnson won low. In jridse. Mrs. Peter Schlltz won hiajh and Mrs. Peter Kramer low. Tony Pothi won high for the men and Prank Wll- i-rlmi low. The door prize went to- Mlss Victoria Goche and Tony Poth. What Is the Matter With "DJcfc" Anyhow? Atlantic News-Telegraph: We have noticed a great deal of sarcastic and caustic criticism In various quarters of United States Senator L. J. Dickinson of Iowa, because Mr. Dickinson, as the only ranking republican office-holder this state has at the present time, has seen fit to keep the flres burning, to denounce the New Dealers and to rally republicans to oppose the democratic regime. As we see it, that is Senator Dickinson's only offense. We can understand how this earns for Senator Dickinson the condemnation of the democrats. Naturally a, member of the democratic party would not be much of a democrat if he did not resent Mr. Dickinson's .vociferous and continuing opposition to the New Dsal and all of its works. The thing that we can lot understand, however, is the atti- .ude of some so-called republicans who criticize Senator Dickinson bscause he s keeping party banners floating and because his is a voice crying out in the wilderness. We recall that during the Hoover administration the Democrats who apparently had been hopelessly de- feated In 1928, persistently, through clever publicity and other propaganda, kept hacking away at the republican administration and Mr. Hoover particularly and thus in large measure were responsible for the landslide of 1932. Mr. Dickinson is one republican senator who has the courage to say what he thinks about the Roosevelt policies. He has gone about the country exposing their fallaciousness and their weakness. That there should be any republican worthy of the name and desirous of the success of his party who would oppose the senator because of his activity Is almost beyond comprehension. Senator Dickinson's only crime has been loyalty to the party which placed him in office. There are many republicans, some of them not a thousand miles from Cass county, who with profit to themselves and their party could well emulate some of the Dickinson pep. This tendency on the part of some republicans to continually belittle Senator Dickinson, w« rise to remark, gives us a large-sized pain in the neck. We are for Dickinson. More power to him. odds and ends The Princeton University students, explaining their present football schedule which Includes Amherst. Will- lams, Washington and Lee, Cornell, Harvard and Lehigh, say that their opponents ar? picked because of a similarity in ideal. 5 , and refinements between students of the schools . . . casting no reflections on Princeton's fln-^ record, but if those Nassau boys were to vie r.ith -some cf our middle-west schools who didn't understand all about tiisi id«il.s and refinement business, the Princeton record might not be sa liot . . . comider the case of Coach Harrv Kipke of Michigan ... he wrote a dandy series of articles early In the fall explaining why th-c Michigan system has done so well . . . just before Michigan dropped four Big Ten games . . . guess that after all the .system has no more to do with it. than the natural ability and physical stamina of the men on the tquad. • • • Well, wc'v-:- .s«-en that latest movie dance, where you kiss while you're dancing . . . this department is awaiting with intert-it the next development in the movi'.^ ilaiws. • • • And if we were to take the "Build Now" in ov- merits literally, here art- a few signs or advertisements, we might r aciily run across: Sinclair Vlilai -overlooking almost everything— lots .still available. Build in Progi i-siive Park— convenient to government-owned railroads, running water and light.s- -apply LaPollette & LaFolktte. Choice Great Lake Front location— facing the middle wtit and not too far from the t-a.st. K<-e Arthur Vandenberg, tok- agent. Liberty League Lodge mow uncii-r conitruciiom. MJ<n rn lacilities wnii a touch of old-time a t motpheix . Smith and Wads>worth, agents. Old Guard Gables — Far from the hustle and buitl.o: new developments. Mills and Mos>es, agents. Hidiculous Heights, boom town of the south. Warm brt-t-iii-o all tlK- year around, plenty ol hot air. Long ki Bilbo, owners. • • • Of interest this week, we cite the cit* oi the new zipper suits for men . . . we know one case, where a local icung man purchased such a suit and after getting it home discovered the zippers . . . and of another where one of the btet dressed men in Algona is standing up well under the strain of having his wife and two daughters gleefully and artistically josh him about hii> zippers. « * • Tonight will be a big evening ovtr at Whitte/nore . . . we understand that it is someone's birthday, <uid that generous donations from brewing firms have been made lo niiur-,- the affairs gaiety. Rep. Bonnstetter Gets Bouquets the he teli tijt Fie AdiiuuL>tiatiuii Dodge InckpeiKlem: Actinu *-iUi the j,romp:i;t.'.s lor which iu; Jitui become known to IOAH jK-uplt. Governor Herring followed his tli-cti.n with the bta.u-au.-iH that Ux-.- new legislature will yrotvi-d ut oiict- with me rcoj-gauualioii of the itate government. cuLtmg uown lie nunibc-r of boards and bureaus, poatibly to 'j.'2, Uie number recommended in the Brooking^ nport. The governor hao loUovveil his other pronouncement^ with uc- tloJi uud will do Uu.- jaiimc with this one. People who are je<illy bcrioub about putting Iowa's public alLur., 1.11 an tXi'icic-nt UJid biuJntii; bke ba^ib know th.it ti.e n._.«._- tjou oi li.rring wai no jnlilake. Lucruioie GuclU•: tiuincnow or oliicr v»t- i.,.,t- u hunch tiiul lile lelluW wiio ki going U) iu- a tht- mo..t n.- ilci Um'illJJ tiitr J.'fXt K-W yi-aj's ulld get U»c liu;,t ^\ .-. is the ta.xpuyer. Fred GeigU is beginning to think thit his wife has powers of a seer, tage, or clairvoyant. . . . recently loot iik, watch at the athletic tield, but neglected to )iio belter haJl about U . . . later he found it aJid - passed . . . hnaily his wile lost something, and d began to make p^inUd remarks about people who l things . . . wiieieupon Mrs. Geigei remarked that had refrained from suying ajiy thing when Frtd lost watch . . . "How did you know about that," aski-d d . . . Mrs. Gtltjel it-fust-d U) teii him . . . but to give secret a*ay, Mads Christiansen knew about it and w«ii lioin Uuil souice that Mis. Gt-ig.-l (.btauied the A wnt.-r i>u\.-> the- joiing people ol today are- ju, ..... t,'-"-*! .i^ UK-IT •. lUeli uscti to U- . . . UiU'.'i lilt crack At.- iia'.e >el heard a h 'uii^jl the yuuijjjvr • • » VY',;. .< i i.ort the i.L.ui-^ wuuJU piui. u .'j.u^ J...1 !> i * • • 4iA Uuc: Alert Air. Str^nuu- Fenton Reporter: Hardly had the election been over when the Des Moines Register came out with the announcement that Representative Bonnstetter was a candidate for speaker of the riouse of representatives for the next session of the legislature, and why not. The most outstanding character in Jie last extraordinary session of the egisJature, the r.ian who perhaps did more than any other man on the floor :o shape the action of the special session, the one who had the largest following and whose advice was eagerly 'ought on all the Important matters, the man who held the most outstanding committee assignment (chairman of the appropriations committee) was none other than Mr. Bonnstetter. The fol- owing. taken from the Kosssuth Dally Record, sums up the matter better han we could, and for that reason we reproduce what the Record said in Tuesday's Is&ue: "Representative Bonnstetter's offic- al position in the last legislature was second only to the speaker of the house and his promotion to this important post which he now seeks would be con- idered by his friends as a highly rmr- ted reward for efficient and faithful service. "The appreciation of victory is on- normal. Many will sacrifice principle to attain its exalted hf-jghu w:iile ohers are ready to sacrifnv victory that principle may be enthroned So far we have nev^r known Alex Bonnstetter to sacrinos principle for position and we believe that if the time t-v:r comes in his political career when it becomes necessary for him to make the supreme sacrifice for truth and justice that he will go down fighting and fctill holding his banmr full high. If Alex Bonnstetter be promoted to the hiK-akership the honor will be to the office rather than the man. ' 'Th re are five other candidates in thr field at present. John H. Mitchell, Webster County attorney, was also mentioned as &, candidate along with Bonnsu-tter. First Americans Were Asiatics, Speaker Prove* The first Americana were Asiatics, Howard Zickafoose, young Thornton, Iowa, archeologist, told members of the Rotary dub last week, In the luncheon meeting at the Algona Hotel. Zickafoose spent the summer In Alaska and on the Alaskan Island, studying In a party that was making historic research to discover, if possible, what lype of man first inhabited the section, and if, perchance, the first Americans came from Asia. The Siberian jenlnsula, most eastern fringe of Asia, is only 47 miles from Alaska, the speaker pointed out, and two Islands m the 47 miles make It passible for ?asy navigation back and forth. He sail that the remains of buried Eskimos and Indians were Identical to .hose found In Siberia, indicating that .he earliest inhabitants ol that sec:inn had the same burial customs as tlHir neighbors across the sea, and the natural conclusion was therefore that the fli-it Americans came from Asia. The speaker was introduced by Rev. Muhleman. Read The Want Ads—It Pays. USED CARS 1930 Chevrolet sedan 1928 Chevrolet coupe 1929 Chevrolet coach 1931 Ford tudor Expert Repair Work. Algona Auto Market West of Court House Meeting the Need in Automobile Liability Insurance Onr Automobile Insurance Protects Von in Case Ton Get Hurt """" A MODERN AUTOMOBILE TRAVEL SERVICE Very reasonable rates. Complete protection Dwelling' and Household Goods Insurance Long Haul Truckers and Cargo Insurance Iowa and Minnesota legal requirements (Special rates) Fidelity Bonds—Surety Bonds—Beer Bonds Bonds written at our Algona office Our PoOcy Writing Connection* and Company Contracts Permit Us to Wrtle Your Insurance and Bonds at the Very Lowest Rates Consistent with Reliable Service Brokerage Business Solicited Loans—Real Estate—Rental*—Investments THE ALGONA INSURANCE AGENCY Phone 65 c. R. LaBarre Office located on ground floor 1st door North of Iowa State Bank 45-E. O. W. CLEAN /•»** - 1 COAL A Bin Full of Anderson's Cleaner-Hotter COAL Will make winter more; enjoyable. Order your bin filled today and forget about .sudden changes in temperature. ANDERSON Grain & Coal Co. Phone ;508 Vote by Counties For Congressman Tlie vote by counties in the recent election, for congressman has been officially tabulated and the results are rtvitwtd as follows: EIGHTH DISTRICT Meytrs Gilchrist Counties IDJ <R> Boone 2.974 Calhouii 2,480 Carroll , 5£4B Crawford 3,747 Emmet 1,299 Greene 2,279 Hamilton Httiic*,ck Humboldt, Palo Alto 2,244 1.859 932 4,538 2,601 2,072 5,811 1,206 39,584 Fred GUchrist carried all but lour of th* 14 counties in the uiaUict. Koisuih comity went to J. J. Mcyvrti ol Carroll by a margin of Web-ter . . Wuintbago Total . 4,177 3.066 2,691 3,040 2,649 3,030 3.579 2,542 1,037 4,015 3315 3,246 5.562 2,602 44,551 Ottosen Home Sold Ti.v J. 13. Ms/iU homo a.t wa^> ajld liiil w- ek to Oliver . The family will juovc into tht-ir new holi.ii- lj .ibout two Weeks. The J. B. MerU fuuiiiiy li plaiiimy; U> movt U> W«i.i Bvnd. The Algona American Legion Post's Annual FEATHER PARTY will be held at THE LEGION HALL Tuesday, November 27, 7:30 p. m. Pack the Youngsters off to Bed and Get Going J WIN Ducks, Turkeys, Geese, Bacons, Hams or a Free Cash Prize See Hand Bills for Details Fun for Everybody "Corn Game Other Famous Feather Party Contests Doors Open 7'30 p. m. Come One! Come All!
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