JL BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS YOL. XLIX—NO. 259 Slythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily News JIM DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of MOKTWXAR ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevillt Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1954 On IMIM Delay Seen On Appeal To People Last Minute Compromise Effort Expected WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen Knowland (R-Calif) predicted today President Eisenhowe: will delay any appeal to thi people on the hotly fough issue of limiting treaty-mak ing powers, pending last min ute efforts to reach a com promise with Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio). Bricker is author of a proposed constitutional amendment which the President opposes on the ground it would seriously limit the conduct of foreign policy and unduly restrict traditional executive N prerogatives in that field. The Ohfoan, after send all senators a letter challenging the President's interpretation of his proposal, told the Senate yesterday he hopes Eisenhower is not going to make the controversy "a personal fight." The senate is scheduled to take up the proposal early next week, ^ but the debate in effect already W; 1 has begun. However, Knowland said in an interview efforts . to hammer out a compromise both the administration and Bricker would accept— fruitless so far—would continue during the weekend. "Open Mind" Knowland replying on the Senate floor to Bricker, said to President still has "an open mind" Bricker said. "he has taken no arbitrary »tand," Knowland replied. "I hope that is true," said Bricker. "It is true," Knowland sho back. The Bricker amendment avowed purpose is to preven treaties from depriving U. £ citizens of rights guaranteed b the Constitution and to give Con gress more control over the les formal agreements into which president might enter. Constitu tlonal lawyers disagree widely 1 o Its necessity and probable effec Perhaps the most controversia clause would write into the Const tution a provision that "A treat shall become effective as interna law .. . only through legislatio i which Would be valid in the ab sence of a treaty." Because under the U. S. federa system some whole areas of legis lation are reserved to states, oppo nents argue this clause would in some cases make treaties' effecl iveness depend on action by all 4 state Legislatures. Eisenhower ha said this aspect might/ make i almost impossible for him to dea with foreign countries if the amendment were adopted. Misrepresentation Charged Bricker told the Senate yester day that opponents of his proposa had-engaged in "direct misrepre sentatibn" of the effect of the amendment. The Ohio senator said that his resolution "would not require any treaty on any subject to be ratified by any state at any time" anc "would not give any state a veto power over the conduct of the nation's foreign affairs." Bricker said that Eisenhower had given "wide circulation" to erroneous charges that the Bricker amendment would "turn back the clock to the old Articles of Confederation," the loose compact beween the states that preceded the Constitution. Eisenhower had said in a news conference he would not object to a statement that a treaty contravening the Constitution is void, but would not agree to reverting to the general .system of the Articles of Confederation. Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) the 1952 vice presidential nominee, contended that Bricker's letter included "statements contrary to what I understand." Chairman Wiley (R-Wis), of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told his colleagues approval of the Bricker proposal by Congress would be "one of the most See IKE on page 8 Mo/o toy Seeks to Seat Red China at Berlin .. , BERLIN (AP) — Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov arrived here today for a Big Four meeting and immediately prodded the Western powers to admit Red China to the conference table if they want to speed up the end of the cold war. Under security protection of thousands of troops and secret police, the Kremlin's No. 1 diplomat came to East Berlin by plane from Moscow and declared: "The sooner the Chinese People's Republic takes part in negotiations over current international questions of the great states, the better it will be—the better for the strengthening of peace between peoples." Only a handful of Communist officials of East Germany and other Soviet bloc countries heard Molotov's statement read at Schoenefeld air field, but it w*s broadcast 2'/ 2 hours later. He arrived as his opposite numbers from the Western Big Three conferred on strategy for the four- sower conference opening Monday. The West has been cold to the dea of having Red China sit in on the present meetings. The West wants to put German and Austrian settlements to the fore. But the Russian foreign minister made it clear he Would push the issue of China. The Berlin conference will measure up to its chief task in so far as it contributes to strengthening peace, reducing the tension in international relations, and really guaranteeing security in Europe," Molotov asserted. "The Soviet Union has had no aims directed against the freedom and national rights of other peoples and also has none now. "On its part, it has supported the efforts of all countries that are concerned with the welfare and security of their peoples, in so far as these efforts were not contrary to the interests and rights of other See BIG FOUR on page 8 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Demos Split on Effect Of New Military Plan Byrd Denies 'New Concept' HELP FOR THE WOUNDED - Soldiers of" a" Vietnam battalion of paratroops advance carefully in thick foliage while one of their units carries a wounded buddy to a medical post for treatment during fighting at Hine Siu, Indochina earlier this month. The village where Vietnamese engaged Vietminh Communists is northeast of Seno in Middle Mekong. (AP Wlrephot) Army Holds Ex-PW ; Charges He Courted Captors' Favor . WASHINGTON (AP) — Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, a Virginia farm boy who changed us mind about staying with the Communists in Korea, faces Army charges that he dealt il- egally with his Red captors to get better treatment. If tried and convicted of one of the barges, he could be sentenced to death. • Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy to cloudy; warmer this afternoon and tonight, turning colder with a few showers in extreme northwest por- S tlon late Sunday. If 'MISSOURI — Pair and warmer this afternoon; increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight; Sunday mostly cloudy with drizzle or light rain south and east central and snow and turning colder northwest and extreme north portions. Maximum yesterday—33. . Minimum this morning—22, Sunrise tomorrow—7:03. Sunset today—5:21, Metn temperature (midway between blsh and low)—27.5. Precipitation last, 21 hour« to T-.OO •. in. today—nqne. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date-7.24, Thin naif I.MI Yeir Maximum yesterday—54. Minimum yesterday—40. Freclpttttlon J»nu»iy 1 to d»le—3.M. Dickensons Sad, Bitter About Son CRACKER'S NECK, Va. (ft— The Van Buren Dickensons, parents of Cpl. Ed Dickenson, were stunned, saddened and' bitter about the news that their son faces possible court-martial. The Dickensons were reached last night at their home, high on a hillside six miles from Big Stone Gap, by. Bristol Herald-Courier reporter J.,s. Riley, . ' . , : .. Mrs. Dickenson, in her 40's almost burst into tears. She said she could not understand why such an effort was made to persuade Bickenson and other reluctant POW's in Korea to come home "if they were going to court- martial him." "I don't understand what he could have done to any of them boys," she said, referring to the charge that her 23-year-old son tried to win the Reds' favor at the expense of his fellow prisoners. "The little fellow is sick," she added. "He's been spitting up )lood. If they are gping to punish ' ilm, why didn't they do it over here (in Korea)? This worry will kill us all." Would Take Punishment The young soldier's 78-year-old ather said: 'If they will let me take his punishment, they can call me and 'H be glad to do it for him . . . He's no more Communist than I am." Told his son could face a pos- ible death sentence, the deaf, aged man added: 'I don't care if I die. I've been lere a long time," The elder Dickenson indicated he nought his son's three-year im- irisonment by the Communists hould have been punishment nough. "Anyone that will take a little oy from the mountains and pun- sh him for three years ... it is oo much for anyone," .he said. Icy roads made it impossible to each Cpl. Dickenson's bride of ess than two months for her reac- on to the court-martial charges, t a home farther up the moun- ainside she was spending the ight with her husband's half- rother, Grover Dickenson, and is wife. Only last Thursday the young •oman accompanied her husband ) Bristol, Va., where the corporal aught a bus to Washington for reatment at Walter Reed Hospi- al. She hasn't seen him since. The Army notified Dickenson of the charges last night, then placed him under arrest at its Walter Reed Hospital herf He has been undergoing a physical examination. The 23-year-old soldier stands accused of unlawfully holding "intercourse with the enemy" to get "favorable treatment." The formal charges say his activities hurt other prisoners of war held by the Reds. Officials explained that the filing of these charges—based on accusations by former fellow prisoners- is only a preliminary action. It does not even necessarily mean he will be brought to trial. An official announcement by the Military District of Washington said no decision will be made on whether to try Dickenson until i after an, iow^ Ration*, oft. t« charges ' and evidence has bee finished and its results "fully r viewed for legal sufficiency." Th Army said this preliminary w be held "at the earliest da Dossible." No Action on Batchelor Dickenson, whose home is in th remote mountain town of Cracker Neck in southwestern Virgini., was one of 23 American soldici who refused to return to Unite Nations lines Vhen the Korea truce was signed last summer. H later asked neutral Indian guarc to take him back. The young Virginian told re Pro-Communist POWs in Middle Reds Renew Refusal To Accept Them As Allies Get Tougher By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM («—Twenty - on Americans and 326 other pro-Re prisoners in Korea's neutral zon were caught today between a ne Communist refusal to accept the and a tougher AWed .tttt porters at the time that the Ch nise Reds "kept me back" wit threats. A second American—Cpl. Claud J. Batchelor—renounced the Com munists on New Year's Day. H is in the Tokyo General Hospita The Far East Command sail last night that it has no knowledg of any similar action that may b taken against Batchelor. The sol dier's mother—Mrs. O. L. Batch elor—said in Kermit, Tex., tha she hopes her son will come horn "and face whatever he has t< face." The fate of the 21 American, who still refuse to come back tc the U. S. forces remains in doubt They are on a sit-down strike with 326 other pro-Reds in their camp The Indians unlocked camp gates last nighl^-deadline for the re lease of all prisoners. The UN Command virtually tolc :he Communists today to take lack the 21 Americans, 325 South Koreans and 1 Briton—but the Reds would not do so. Must Act Quickly Secretary of Defense Wilson said yesterday the 21 Americans are "free to do what they want," but that they had better act quickly, if they have any ideas of coming home. The Army is known to have prepared "undesirable" discharges for the 21, but Pentagon officials See ARMY on pajje 4 Million-Dollar Fire Sweeps Standard Oil Dock in Seattle The blaze was control at 3 a. m SEATTLE (if) — Fire swept the ngth of Standard Oil Co.'s 1,000- ot dock at the Point Wellj "tank farm," 13 miles north of here early today. Damage was estimated at more than a million dollars. brought under . ., after threatening a huge area of gas. oil and fuel oil tanks, one of the largest tank farms on the Pacific coast. There were no injuries or deaths reported. The fire started late last night after the oil-laden tanker, J. L. Hannah, smashed Into the pier while attempting to, dock. The »hlp was undamaged. Sparks Ignited oil flowing from 10 ruptured fuel lines leading from storage tanks to the dock. The Ire, in turn,.«et off a number of explosions from 50-gallon drums of oil piled on the pier. Great columns of flame roared 600 to 700 feet into the sky. The fire, fanned by a stiff wind, spread northward along the dock, destroying 700 feet of the pier. As the flames neared the north end of the dock there was another explosion nnd the blaze ripped through the final 300 feet in less than five seconds. Burning fuel oil covered the water of Puget Sound in, the immediate vicinity of the dock, keeping six fire-fighting: equipment boats from effective rango. The burning fuel oil Inpped to the shore, only 25 yards from the nearest of the storage tanks. A company official said the nearest tank also contained fuel oil. ed for (he second time an ffllli proposal that the Red? occe' "under protest" the 21 American 1 Briton and 325 South! Korean who renounced their homelant for communism. Indian guards abandoned th captives last midnight after th Reds wouldn't take them. The U. N. Command virtual! told the Communist Command take them back. Statement Asked "We welcome any statement tha you will mnke as to your plans fo -emoving them as rapidly as pos ;ible from their present camp ti any area north of the present de militarized zone," Maj. Gen. J.K Lacey told the Reds at a Kessto of the Military Armistice Commis nion. Growing Allied impatience wit] ;he pro-Reds was re-elected alsi In Washington, where U.S. De Tense Secretary Wilson said the 2 Americans "must make up the! minds quickly" if they want it. :ome home. "Their pay is going ,o be cut off very shortly," h said. Pentagon officials said that onlj he Reds' refusal to take back the 11 had given them a few hours o: days of grace before "undesirable' discharges become effective. Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, a 23 •ear-old Cracker's Neck, Va., sol dier who originally stayed with the Reds but later changed his mind was arrested in Washington and accused of "intercourse with the nemy" to get "favorable treatment." The court-martial charges were filed Friday. The Par East Command said in 'okyo it has no knowledge whether similar action would be aken against Cpl. Claude J. Batchlor, a second American who re- ounced the Communists and i ow in Tokyo. Conference Held Indian Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya onf erred at Red headquarters nturday with Communist Gen- rals Lee Sang Cho and Ping Kuo fu, on his suggestion that the Reds ccept custody of the 347 POWs ndcr protest. 'The situation remains the ame," he reported. "Nothing lort of continued custody by the ndlan Command would satisfy hem . . . They made it quite rong." He said, however, the Red gen- als proposed sending Commu- st Red Cross personnel into the amp to care for the men, which e agreed to provided It Is In ac~>rd with the armistice. Thimayya ild no further meetings were heduled with .the Reds. Although Thimayya said he no nger has control over the 347 o-Red soldiers, he disclosed that loKen guard of 20 Indians was ft behind to "ensure law and der." Any movement of men or ve- clcs from the Allied side to the mitral zone would be stopped, hlmayya. said, «nd movements om the Communist side would e checked for their legality. The dians have asked the Reds to pply the camp. i Acre Allotments To Be Discussed Farm Bureau Group, ASC Committee and A. C. Spellings ro Meet Mississippi County's Farm Bureau Executive Committee and Agriculture Stabilization Conservation Committee were to meet with A. C. Spellings this afternoon to discuss cotton acreage allotment plans for Arkansas. Mr. Spellings, of West Ridge, is a member of the three-man state SCA committee. The state group will be empowered to determine methods of allocating an additional 198,000 Veres slated for Arkansas if the President signs a measure presented Him yesterday. Mr. Spellings is scheduled • to leave for Washington Tuesday to discuss distribution of the additional acreage with U. S. Department of Agriculture officials. Postal Receipts Here Set New Record In '53 Receipts at the Post Office here during 1953 hit an all-time high of $176.626.11, postal officials announced yesterday. This total compares to $160.259.42 received during 1952. Receipts during each quarter of the year also set new records. They totaled $37,160.44 for the first quarter, $38,037.98 for the second quarter, $38,130.57 for the third quarter and $63,297.12 for the fourth quarter. In addition, receipts for each month of the last quarter topped revenues for the same months in previous years. October receipts totaled $18,471.21 and In November they were $19,331.97. The Christmas mailing rush sent December's receipts to a total of $25,493.94, Russia Kills ^srael-Syria Decree Plan UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. W) The Soviet Union used its vote in he Security Council for the 57th ime last night and killed a West- rn proposal for settling the dis- mte between Israel and Syria over Jordan River irrigation-power project. The proposal was acceptable to srael but bitterly opposed by the rab States. Put in by the United tales, Britain and Prance, it would ave given the U. N. mediator in alestine the power to act as he eemed appropriat efo effect a re- onciliation between Syria and srael. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister ndrei VIshinsky declared this ave Maj. Oen. Vagn Bennike, the lediator, too much power. Britain's Sir Gladwyn Jebb re- narked "this is a melancholy and nlster occasion — melancholy be- ause il is hardly a good augury future international coopera- -.-, sinister because of Its impli- atlons for the cause of peace in le Arab world." The resolution mustered the bare Inimum of seven votes needed in 1C 11-natton council on a matter substance as distinct from a alter of procedure. But. the resp- tion failed because the U. N. larler proldes that If any of the ve major powers votes no on a WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen Byrd (D-Va) disagreed vigorously today with Democratic colleagues who said President Eisenhower's new anili- tary concept may increase the risk of a world atomic war. Byrd a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said in an Interview he is "strongly in favor" of Eisenhower's plan to reduce American ground forces while discouraging any aggression with the threat of massive atomic retaliation delivered by air. In thus taking .his stand for the administration's fundamental defense decision, Byrd lined up on the opposite side from Sen. Gore (d-Tenn) and other Democrats who lit into the Eisenhower military program. 'I believe the President is proposing the only program by which we can maintain our defenses with out insolvency," Byrd declared. The defense budget proposed for the fiscal year beginning July 1 would be four billion dollars under the current year's. Demos Not Consulted Gore complained that so far as he knew no Democrats had been consulted on the big defense decisions. He questioned whether events might not expose the "massive retaliation" theory as "a big bluff." Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican floor leader, hastened to reply that to doubt the possibility the United Slates might use an atom bomb on a city considered a legitimate target was to make a "very dangerous assumption." He said such an assumption might give comfort to Moscow and he added: 'I would not want the men In the Kremlin to .miscalculate that such a strike might not be made." Gore had expressed doubt that either of two great powers possessing weapons that could obliterate each other's cities would take the first step In so using them. Byrd gave his views in an inter view today, saying: "We must keep the lead in atomic and other weapons am with the foreign bases which arc coming into being we can make this threat of retaliation, so rea that I don't believe the Communists will dare move toward war.' Wilson Vows Opinion Secretary of Defense Wilson expressed similar opinions" in a Pentagon news conference yesterday. He said also he thought the Army, under the reduction planned for it, could still carry out its mission. If a big land war should develop, he said, "H would seem to be a pretty sure bet it would not be on the continental United States." And he argued that in such H case land forces could be built up quickly. But Gore questioned whether "a threat of retaliation will suffice, particularly in those cases which appear on the surface to be local in nature." He asked whether Moscow would be atom bombed if, for example, Russia assisted a Communist revolt in Iran, or if Bulgarian and reek troops clashed on their border. 'If so," he continued, "World War III . . . wouid be upon us. we fail to retaliate would not that make and appear as a big bluff?" Knowland said that to Indicate In advance how the United Sstates would react to various possible moves would be to "telegraph its punches." No Neglect Intended He denied any administration intention to neglect local defenses against Communism. Qore continued Secretary of Stale Dulles had "lelegraphed" U.S. strategy by making public the "massive retaliation' idea and had See DEMOCRAT on pugc S CHINESE PRISONERS PUNCH EFFIGIES — Chinese prisoners of war who rejected Communism and refused repatriation at Pan- munjom, take punches at two effigies with signs on them reading, "apologize to anti communist heroes." The effigies are supposed to represent Malenkov and Mao Tse Tung. More than 22,000 Chinese and North Korean POWs who rejected repatriation have been turn-' ed over to the United Nations by the Indian Command. (AP Wire- photo vis radio from Tokyo) Velde Blasts Unions Which Have Failed To Rid Ranks of Reds By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) _ Chairman Velde (R-I11) says his House Un-American Activities Committee considers "tha Failure o,f certain trade unions to rid themselves of Communist " to be a national disgrace." Therefore, Velde announced last* night he will introduce Mondiy bill to deny any Red-dominate union the services of the Nationa ,nbor Relations Board. Vclde's bill would give the Sub versive Activities Control Boari .he task of determining whethe a union is Communist-controlled. The board was set up under the McCarran Interal Security Act t< decide when an organization is "Communist action" or "Commu nist front" group and then to ordei such an organization to register its membership, officers and financla reports with the Justice Depart- mcnt. Velde said approval of his bil would make possible elimination o: the non-Communist oath requirce of union officials under the Taft- Hartley labor law. When President Eisenhower sent his labor proposals to Congress Jan. 11, he noted that "specific proposals for legislation dealing with Communist infiltration generally are now under sludy." If such legislation becomes law, he added, it would make "the Communist disclaimer provisions of the act unnecessary" and "I then will recommend that they be entirely eliminated." Meanwhile, Eisenhower proposed that employers, too, be required to file non-Communist affidavits r ith the government. Hotel Noble Transaction Is Completed Sale of the Hotel Noble hera by Mrs. Sybil Noble to E. F. Lampkin of Lewiston, Me., has been completed, Mrs. Noble said today. A warranty deed transferring the property was filed in the Circuit Clerk's office here Thursday aft- ernon. Neither Mrs. Noble nor Mrs. ,ampkln would comment on the •eported $150,000 -ale price. Revenue stamps on the deed showed a valuation of $75,000 for the real property but this does not include lersonal properly such as equip- nent, fixtures or furnishings, which was reputed to have amounted to another $75,000. Explorers Club To Meet Monday The BIytheville Explorers Club .111 hold Its second meeting at Hotel Noble at 7 p. m. Monday when a program on the Columbia liver area will be presented by TuIIan Cromer, world traveler and ihotographer. The change in the program, which was first announced as be- ng on Africa, was reported yes- erday by club officers. Menu for the dinner-meeting will nclude salmon sticks, hunter sal- cl, roast goose with wild rice, ranberrlcs, baked potato, green cans, apple crunch, biscuits and offee. Ful bright Urges Effort by SB A To Extend Work in Arkansas alter of created. Lebanon 3ted no. raal abstained, Colombia ,Den- nrk, New Zealand and Turkey Incd the Big Three In favorable tcs. substance the Issue Is and the Soviet Union Notionalist China and WASHINGTON W) — Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark.) said yesterday that he tought the Small Businesses Administration should make some effort to extend its activities to Arkansas. Fulbright asked Wendall Barnes, head of the SBA, for the agency's plans with rcpcct to opening an office in Arkansas. He said that Barnes predecessor, William D. Mitchell, advised him last October that SBA would hve representation In all states. The senator said that Mitchell had said he would consider appointments of slate administrators soon. In a lellcr to Barnes, Fulbright wrote, "If this administration, la serious in its Intentions to aid small business, it scemi to me that some effort should be mode to extend you activities to a slate such as Arkansas." "Although businessmen In my j state theoretically may apply through the Dallas regional office, I think you realize that as a practical matter this opportunity will continue to bo theoretical. Arkansas needs the assistance to small business contemplated by the SBA act." The Arkansas Senator recalled that riming a study of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which was made by a committee he headed the RFC was found particularly effective In nreas such as Arkansas where there wgs not adequate capital for development of the resource*. , State Expected To Be Hit Again By Cold Weather By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS s Arkansas is expected to enjoy hortlived rising temperatures today after sub-freezing readings ;ere recorded throughout the state ast night. But the U. S.i Weather Bureau t Little Rock said the weather s expected to get colder again ate tomorrow. Fayetteville's 10-degree minimum /as the lowest reported in the tat« ast night. Batesville had 12; Flip- in, Newport and Gilbert, 14; terdanelle, 18; Fort Smith. 19; ittle Rock and Pine Bluff, 22; Walnut Ridge and El Dorado, 23; nd Texarkana, 28. There was no measurable rain- all reported in the past 24 hours, ut the Weather Bureau said extreme. Northwest Arkansas might get some showers late tomorrow. Arkansas State Police reported today that most roads are clear, although there still is some ice on bridges in the northwest part of the state. An early morning fog grounded all planes at the Little Rock port. air- Osceolo C. of C. To Hear Caldwell Dr. John Tyler Cftldwell, university of Arkansas president, will be principal speaker Tuesday night when Osceola's Chamber of Commerce holds Its annual banquet. The annual session will be held In. the Progressive clubrooms and • is to get underway at 7 •'clock.
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