The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 21, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 21, 1954
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS *V« TlnE rmMTWAWP WMmBAMto MM l«ll • !•••> I fclll Anw .. '_ ... _ _ . . Mississippi Vallay leader Blythevilte Herald Indians Free Red POWs To Open Gates ^ If Communists Refuse Them PANMUNJOM (AP) — If the Communists do not .take back 349 pro-Red war prisoners — including 21 Americans — Indian guards will open the gates of their neutral zone stockade and walk away at midnight Friday, an Indian general said today. "First we will have to tell the prisoners that their owners refuse to take them back," said Lt. Gen K. S. Thimayya. "Then we will open the gate and we will tell our men to go back to their line." The Indian chairmen of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission conceded that if the prisoners refuse to leave their compound it would create a problem since neither Allied nor Red troops are permitted to enter Korea's demilitarized zone. Thimayya told a news conference he planned to send another letter to the Communist high command asking the Reds to accept the return of the 21 Americans, 1 Briton and 327 South Koreans who chose to stay with the Commu- ^nists high command asking the •~Reds to accept the return of the 21 Americans, 1 Briton and 327 South Koreans who chose to stay with the Communists. Americana to Be Discharged In Washington, tne uefense Department said the 21 Americans would be discharged as "undesirable" tomorrow. The action will cut off their military pay and convert them into civilians "under conditions other than honorable." The Indian command returned 21,809 anti-Communist Chinese and Korean war prisoners to U. N. custody in a smooth operation yes' terday and today. About 10,000 Chinese sailed for OOMTNAKT CTWBPAPER OT MORTMAtTAMUNg.U AMP SOOTHEABT MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES of JilNGLK COPY FIVE CEN13 BiNion by President Nationalist Formosa from Inchon today and about 4,000 remaining were to leave later. The 7,500 Koreans were moved by train to South Korean army centers for processing. The POW transfer was carried off without a serious hitch, but in Inchon harbor a troopship loaded with Chinese POWs rammed a small craft loaded with U. S. Marines and 24 Marines perished in See POWs on page 5 9 More Polio Drive Workers Named Benefit Basketball Game Scheduled for Tomorrow Night Additional volunteer workers for the 1954 March of Dimes polio fund campaign in North Mississippi County were named today by Mrs. Mavis Settlemire, women's division chairman. These women and others named yesterday met at the First Methodist Church here this afternoon for SUICIDE OR SLAYING? — An Investigation was still underway this morning to determine if the hanging of Tomas Cantu, 58-year- old-Mexican farm laborer was suicide or a-slaying. County Coroner E. M. Holt, shown examining the body, was not certain this morning. A definite decision could not be made until a. laboratory test of Cantu's clothes had been completed to determine if he had climbed the tree, he said: The body was found Tuesday by four Osceola Negro, hunters after Cantu had left his house about 3 a. m. to go to an outside toilet on the Ohlendorf farm .southear^fpf,, p'sceola. The. sheriff's office was satisfied this "morrf!i: 6 . thai li-".>iii suicide, according to Sheriff William Berryman. Shown in the background above are Deputy Charlie Short of Blytheville (left) and Chief Deputy Dave Young of Osceola. - S Milliard Requests Cite ^*t New Concept of Defense By ELTON C. FAT WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower recommended today a $37,575000000 military outlay for the next fjscal year, with a shift in emphasis from foot soldiery to a "full exploitation of an- power and modern weapons.." y f v'j? 6 S JJ"V, lding , buc !£ et he P r °P° sed to Congress for the Defense Department is about four bilhon dollars less than that estimated for the current year, which ends June 30 Eisenhower said' the budget i aased on a "new concept for . . our national security program." A substantial part of the sav mgs obviously would come in man power, particularly Army man power. The budget figures reflec an over-all reduction of about 8. jer cent in manpower for all tlx armed forces. Army personne would be reduced by 17.3 per cent and three divisions would dropped from the present 20. Against the cutback in strength f the Army, in which Eisenhower vas a five-star general, there was he President's emphatic advocacy f greater power in the air. 33,000 Planes He said the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps now have, among lem, about 33,000 planes. During he next three years, he said, this 'ill be increased to 40,000, more lan half of them jets. Twenty-two er cent of defense expenditures n the new fiscal year would go to irplane procurement. The 1955 fiscal year program, he President wrote, "calls for im- roving combat effectiveness by ic application of new weapons nd new techniques, including: full ealization oC our nuclear capabil- ies, and provides for the rapid nd orderly phasing f programs o improve continental defense gainst possible enemy attack" * 'continued: of the units using the new Nike guided missile weapon. Air Force — Present strength 920,000; next June 955,000; a year later 970.000. Present unit strength 110 wings (a wing ranges from 30 heavy bombers to 75 fighters); to be 121 by the end of fiscal year 1955; up to 127 at the end of the following year and to the presently fixed ultimate goal of 137 by the end of the 1957 fiscal year. Navy—Present manpower 770 000; 740,000 by next June 30- 688 000 a year later. There will be a decrease from a present average of 49 combat ships to 42 by June 30, 1955. The new budget contains funds for a fourth 60,000-ton car- •ier of the Porrestal class, but not for a third atomic submarine. One of the four 45,000-ton battleships now in the fleet will be withdrawn. The number of large carriers will remain unchanged at 12; the number of carrier air groups of planes will continue at 16. Marines—Present strength 250,000; by next June 30, 225,000; end of June 1955, 215,000. Continue present organizational strength of three divisions (a Marine division has about 25.000 men compared with 17,500 for the Army) and three air wings. The cutback; in military manpower would account for a big share of the reduction in spending. Eisenhower estimated the reduc- ;ion in forces would mean a cut n expenditures of about 600 mil- ion dollars for pay, allowances and other direct military personnel costs. $5 Billion Slash In Spending Still Leaves Red Ink By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower laid a 60 1/2-bilhon-dollar budget before Congress today, slashing D 1/4 billion dollars from total spending but proposing record outlays for atomic energy, continental defense and overseas military aid. Despite a 7(4 per cent cut * * u snendine: this Highlights Of Ike's Tax Plan- an instructional meetin. Bill North, state representative of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, was the speaker. A polio benefit basketball game between the First National Bank Bankers and the Ark-Mo Blueflames will be played at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Haley Field gymnasium. Admission will be 50 cents and tickets went on sale today at the First Nail tional Bank, the Farmers Bank and * Trust Co. and Hays Store. The drive workers named by Mrs. Settlemire follow: Leachville 28 Marine Guards Die As Small Ship Capsizes INCHON, Korea (AP) _ Twenty-eight U. S. Marines were dead or missing today after a troopship loaded with Chinese war prisoners collided with and capsized a small landing craft. The toll was surpassed by that i bunch of wet and cold kids," of only one other naval disaster The LST left for Formosa a in the Korean theater. Maj. Gen. William S. Lawto commanding general of the K rean Communication Zone, said survivors—3rd Division Marine and crewmen—were rescued fron the chill waters of Inchon harbo minutes after the collision betwee a big Formosa-bound LST (lan ing ship, tank) and an LCM (lan ing craft, medium). They were n seriously hurt. The Marines wei weighed down with heavy equip were , recovered an ment. Six bodies 22 others were presumed dea when he search was called of a dusk. The small ship had carrie 50 men, Lawton said. 1,00 POWs The Marine helmsman LCM, Pfc. John D. Gates Jr., 22 Mrs. Lee Bearden, chairman, and ! Pensacola Fla said he was ap the Mesdames Joe Baker. J. E. P«~ '^ b ^ ^ sailed for Formosa. The LST car Bearden, Leroy Carter, Jean Clark, Bill Crews, Roy Dawson, J. O. Edwards, Nell Gay, Willis Herndon, G. A. Hipp, Delbert Hooper, Delia Johnson. Herschel Johnson, Norman Kennett, M. Martin, Pasca Maynard, Tom Middleton, T. N Rodman, Bus Smith, Wayne Tay lor, Roy Thomas, A. L. Wallace Gene Weatherington, J. D. Wells Oon Wheeler, Joe Wheeler, Louie Weinberg and Tillman Young. Manila Mrs. Guy Rubenstein, chairman and the Mesdames Loraine Ballard Madge Brown, Violette Davis, Elaine Edwards, Martha Lawhorn, Lucille McCulley, Geraldine Pierce, Warren Powers, Milton Towles, Harold Wall and Bert Williams. Armorel-Huffman Mrs. N. C. Patterson, chairman, jind the Mesdames R. L. Adkisson, JfOerald Cassidy, Buck Germany, Ninever Hughes, Rex Hughes, George Perry, Fan-is Dyer, Lewis Ashmore, Stanton Pepper, Joe Selbert, J. A. Bowlin, Jack Adkinson, Bates White and Everett Davis Yarbro Mrs. J. M. Besharse, Jr., chairman .and the Mesdames Walter Barnes, Billy Chapman, G. T Gracy, Johnny Johnson, Charley Krutz, Dene McGuire, Henry Pollard Bailey Tarpley, Robert Thompson, Elu. Wheeler »nd Helen -Willis. Rowland Mrs. Lamar Welborn, chairman; Miss Peggy, Miss Vlr .-led 1,000 Chinese POWs returned to U. N. custody by Indian ctisto dian troops in the Korean neutra zone. Gates, formerly a commercia fisherman, added: "The current was against ITU boat. It forced me against the LST It was so strong it capsized my boat before I could move." Gates said he thought the LST was standing an anchor. The log of the nearby Army transporl Pope recorded the LST as being under way. Pfc. Thomas H. Malone of Brooklyn, N. Y., a survivor, said the Leatherneck's all were from the 3rd Battalion, 4th Regiment, 3rd Division. Freezing Cold He told of being picked up by a Korean sampan with four other Marines. He said two of the live Vere dead when they reached the lospital ship Consolation. "It was so cold I could hardly move,'" he said. "I saw one of he fellows was dying. I tried to 'Ive him artificial respiration. It Idn't do any good." Another survivor, Pfc. Robert D. Heal of Wilmington, Del., said he vas saved because a buddy threw plank to him which kept him float. Cnpt. EURene Moyle of Los Ana physician aboard the Con"=•• — , ivii.-io v iiKniiii «t-ii.&, H (»iivMi;iuii Muu.irn ine Wilson and Miss Margaret Whistle. I soation, called the survivors scheduled. The death toll was surpassed only by the 30 killed in a turret explosion aboard the cruiser St. Paul off eastern Korea April 21, 1D52. The Navy ordered an investiga Acreage Allotment Is Up to State ASC Farmers in Missco Withholding .Judgment on Increased Figure ican peophTtnat 'the sovi'ets^now* T Arkansas legislators viewed the compromise cotton have the capability of atomic attack upon us, and such capabilit will increase with the passage < time.' I made this statement shor ly after it was established that th Soviet Union had successfully de onated a thermonuclear (hydro gen) device which, is successfull converted into an offensive weap on and if exploded over our Amer ican cities, would be capable o effecting lion "Our unprecedented destruc Awies Agreed mifilary planners those of the other nations of th free world agree as to the import ance of air power. But air force must be complemented with lane forces, amphibious forces, anti submarine warfare righting ships." forces, and Inside Today's Courier News . . . Huge NBA Golden Gloves Tourney Enters Second Night . . . Blytheville Boxers Win Five' Bouts . . . Sports . . . pases 6 and 7. . . . West Should Guard Against Soviet Tricks In New Guise . . . Editorials , . . page 4. , . . Secretary of State Dulles Leaves for Big Four B=rlin Meet- in? . . . The Report Card . . . paee 3. As outlined by a Defense De lartment spokesman, here is the way the budget for the year be ginning next July 1 will relate to that policy: Manpower for the armed serv ices—Now about 3.400.000: will be 3,328.000 by next June 30 and 3 037,000 at the end of June, 1955. Army—Present strength l',i millions: by next June 30 it will be 81,407,500: at the end of next fiscal year 1,164,000. By mid-1955 the organizational strength will be down to 17 divisions. For the first time, there is no request for authority for the Army to make new con- Iracts for procuring major com- bnt equipment: it will have left over from previous appropriations " total of $4,800,000,000. The Army, like the other serv- ces, will build up in new weapons. At present there are 114 antiaircraft battalions. By the end of his fiscal year there will be about 130. The goal Is to increase the antiaircraft force by more than 50 I per cent,—with more than onethird - —o-—«i"'u »i^»n;i.i me Lumprui-iise couon acreage allotment program with-pleasure today, while many Mississippi County farmers are withholding judgement pending action by the state Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation committee. Yesterday, Senate and House conferees got together and came up with a 21,379,342 acreage allotment figure which will replace the 17.9 million acre figure originally set up this year by the Department of Agriculture. Arkansas' share of the increase was roughly figures by Ct. :ity Agent Keith Bilbrey and otheio yesterday to be about 298,000 acres. Just how this acreage will be apportioned is of primary concern to the county's farmers as of now. Some loo of them met in Osceola yesterday and unanimously approved dividing the acreage smong counties on a crop history basis. But the bill, as agreed by the conferees in Washington yesterday, provides that the state ASC committee shall have the option of giving the icreage to the counties on either an historical basis or by the use of the controversial 65-40-50 formula. This latter provides that a farmer may plant 65 per cent of his aver- ige acreage over the past three 'ears, or 40 per cent of his highest otton acreage during any one of he three years. In neither instance, may the acre- 3e exceed 50 per cent of total cron- and. ASC to Decide It will be at the discretion of the tate committee as to just what nethod will be used in Arkansas. Mississippi county farmers have con- stently been In opposition to the 5-40-50 formula, in view of the fact -lat the latter system does not pro- de for equal distribution. of acre- ge. If the state committee allocates he additional acreage using the 65- 40-50 formula, then county committees must also use this formula in distributing the acreage to farmers within the county. However, if the state committee chooses to apportion the acreage on an historical basis, then county committees are free to select either the 65-40-50 formula or a cropland factor method in passing the acreage along to the Individual farmer. Stanley Carpenter, county ASC committee chairman, told the Farm Bureau group In Osceola yesterday the county possibly would have to elect an entire new committee if the county committee were bound to deal with the increased acreage undr the 65-40-50 formula. Mississippi County has one member of the three-man state committee. He is A. C. Spellings of West Ridge. Other members are W. L. Jamison, Jr., Magnolia, and John E. Ellis of Washington County, one of the few non-allotment counties in the state. Three million of the new acres arp joing to the states on a five-year history basis. Of the remainder, one-half is to go to western cotton proving states and the remainder to other cotton-producing states on the basis of their five-year history. 14,001) Acres for State Arkansas' share under the latter will be about 14.000 acres. ,-.._ _ . ,4 per cent cut under estimated spending this year —also lowered — Eisenhower told Congress the government will wind up the 1855 fiscal year nearly three billion dollars in the red. Fiscal 1955 starts July 1. Although he proposed a broad program of tax law changes, he told Congress no further general tax cuts are justified at present, His message said the budget was based on a "new concept" of security planning which places reliance on "the full exploitation of modern air power" and on "new weapons" to justify manpower and dollar defense cuts. He proposed spending $2,425,000,000 next year for atomic energy. This increase of 225 millions over this year would bring atomic spending to "the highest point in out history," he said. He also said that since most atomic energy plant construction Is complete, spending now would concentrate on "operations." No Defense Figures He set no figure for continental defense, but said outlays would be "greater than ever before In our history" to provide early warning: and reaction to attack. Military aid would rise by 75 million dollars, he said, to a new peak of $4,275,000,000 for round- Ihe-world assistance to friendly nations. The President - .--,- told Congress 'there will be no way of operating within the present debt limit" of 275 billion dollars In the last six months of this year. There- ore, he said, he was renewing his request, stymied in the Senate last summer, for a higher ceil- ng. H. C. Knaopenbcrger, manager of Mississippi County Electric Cooperative, said this morning that he had talked 'with Congressman E. C. (Took) Gathings and that Mr. Gainings is highly pleased over the compromise measure. He said the state committee is See FARM on piiffe 5 Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey told newsmen the administration would again ask for 290 billion dollars borrowing authority, a boost of 15 billions. Both Humphrey and Budget Director Joseph M. Dodge, who met newsmen separately in briefing sessions, refused to forecast when the budget might be balanced. Both said efforts to bring outgo down to the level of income would not be relaxed. This budget was the first one prepared by a national Republican administration In 21 years. All the recommendations, of course, are subject to approval by Congress. Tax Sentiment There is considerable election- year sentiment there to reduce taxes further, a step which would swell the deficit, unless corresponding cuts were made in spending. Eisenhower said his tax program would result In about 600 •nlllion dollars tax relief each for individuals and for businesses, in addition to the changes that took effect Jan. 1: a 10 per cent cut In personal tax rates and abolition of the excess profits tax on corporations. In the message of about 40,000 words, Eisenhower also: 1. New Age Born Atomic Submarine Nautilus Launched AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss aid during the launching cerc- -onies the craft symbolized both "atomic thunderbolts" of de- a peaceful boon of GROTON, Conn, (AP) — The atomic submarine Nati- us was launched sucessfully today at 10:57 a. m. with Mrs. }\vight D. Eisenhower christening the world's first nuclear ngined submarine. A fog had ligted and the sun, that have gone before because lone brightly as the sleek vessel "the Nautilus is something new lid down the ways into the Thames under the sun." Then he declared of the submarine: "It typifies the spirit of America at the time of Its founding, and the spirit of America In this nth year of the atomic age. We are strong with the strength of atomic thunderbolts to resist aggression and to forestall tyranny while at the same time we extend the olive branch of a worthy peace." He recalled this was not the first time that weapons had become the tools for peace, noting that gunpowder now Is used far more in farming, mining »nd engineering than In war. He .praised the teamwork of Industry and of the government agencies, AEC and the Navy, which he ssld nifule possible creation of this first atom sub. ense and of uclear power. . And the Navy's lop commander, dm. Robert B. Carney, saw the storic occasion as an unfolding "new vistas of American sea The two men expressed them- Ives In addresses prepared for livery a few minutes before rs. Dwight D. Elsenhower was lied upon to perform the tra- lonal naming ceremony, Strauss, head of the Atomic En- fry Commission (AEC), r.nid this launching transcends »n those He singled out, with the only mention of a specific name, Rear Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, telling the admiral this was a Job "well done" and noting this must be an occasion of "supreme gratification" for him. Rickover, during turbulent behind-the-scenes arguments in the Navy, has headed the nuclear submarine project since the Nautilus designing and building program got under way. He was saved from compulsory retlremenl and was advanced to his present rank when Secretary ot the Navy Robert B. Anderson Intervened. Carney said the Nautilus marked Ihe beginning of a new chapter In the history of sea power, and he said: "Revolutionary thing that she Is, the technicliins and tacticians will strive to wring the greatest mill- .ary advantages from this lalest >roduct of American genius. The fleet is hungry to put her to work. ... "Patently ,this «lcek «hlp, with her wonderful new propulsion plant, is symbolic of American understanding of the importance of sea power, and American Ingenuity in inventing new tools for the exercise of sea power. . . . The admiral commented that "as remarkable as this development seems to us now, the Nautilus will probably appear to our sons and grandsons a quaint old piece of machinery which introduced the transition to a new age of power." The official party, traveling in a White House .special train, Journeyed up from Washington overnight. The President remained in the capital. To join the Navy on so historic an occasion were high representatives of the other armed forces, "ongress members and state offi- ;lals. The plan was to handle a jrowd of 12,000 persons—including workmen of the Electric Boat Division of Genera! Dynamics Corp. who built the hull of the submarine. Recommended a 25-point tax revision program, calling upon congress to : shift the annual personal income tax deadline from March 15 to April 15; liberalize deductions for family medical costs; allow limited deductions for child care; give farmers a deduction (or soil conservation; extend corporation Income and excise tax rates rather than permit them to decline April 1 to pre-Korea levels' and enact a series of revisions aimed at lightening and adjusting the tax load on business. Plea Renewed 2. Renewed his plea, stymied in the Senate after the House okayed it last year, for a higher lega limit on the national debt. ' 3. Revised downward budget es timates for the current fiscal year which ends next June 30. His new fiscal 1954 estimates showed income about one billion dollars less than former President Truman estimated in his budget message to Congress a year ago. Spending was estimated about 1% billions less than Truman forecast, Here are the highlights of El- senhower's tax program: 1. The big surprise was a proposal to give taxpayers an extra month to file their returns—up to April 15. A Treasury source said there was no thought of making this effective this spring. * 2. Present law allows deductions for medical costs above 5 per cent of income, and up to $1,250 for a single person or $5,000 for a family. Eisenhower proposed to lower the point at which deductions begin to 3 per cent of income and double the dollar limits. S.Present law disqualifies a child as a dependent if he earns more than $600. Eisenhower proposed that this limit be abolished for children up to 18 years.of age, or older If away at school, so long as the taxpayer still furnishes more than half their support. 4. Eisenhower proposed that widows or widowers who work, away from home be allowed a new deduction for "actual costs of providing care for small children." Working mothers whose husbands are disabled would also get the ieduction. Elsenhower mentioned no dollar amounts. 5. Eisenhower proposed that individuals receiving 1 dividends be allowed to reduce their taxes this year by 5 per cent of income from dividends be deducted for tax purposes this year, 10 per cent next year and 15 per cent the third year. Also, this year the first $50 of Income from dividends would be excused from taxation, and in years after that, the first $100. The House Ways and Means Committee has already approved this. 6. The President proposed that farmers be allowed to deduct up to 25 per cent of their gross income for soil conservation expenses. 7. Corporation tax payments, under a speedup plan, by next year will be paid entirely in the first six months of the year. Eisenhow-" er proposed they be gradually worked back again to four equal installments in the four quarters of the year. 8. The corporation income tax rate of 52 per cent, scheduled to drop to 47 per cent in April, should be continued for a year, Eisenhower said. And excise (sales), tax rates scheduled to drop in April should be continued. This Includes taxes on cigarettes, whisky, wine, beer, sports goods, automobiles and gasoline. Eisenhower has made the same request twice pr- See TAX on page 5 Heart- Association To Meet Tonight The Mississippi County Heart Association will meet at 8 o'clock tonight at the Razorback Inn to make plans for its forthcoming fund campaign. Officers for the coming year also will be elected at tonight's meeting. the new deficit figure was over 6'/ 2 billions less than Truman's, and the debt predicted for next June 30 was four billion dollars under Truman's figure. Elsenhower whacked appropriations request* as well as spending estimates, and commented that asking for less authority to spend was the highroad to reduced spending. He requested new appropriations |ol fiK>; billion dollars for the new tee PRESIDENT on j>a ( e 5 Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with occasional snow, colder this afternoon and tonight, continued cold Friday; lowest tonight 5-15 north and west and 15-20 southeast. MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy through Friday with occasional snow or freezing rain southeast and extreme south this afternoon and to- nl&ht. Maximum yesterdny—64. Minimum this morning—29. Sunrise tomorrow—7:05. Sunset todny—5:18. Mc»n temperature (midway betwten ilfth and low)—46.5. Precipitation Inst 24 houri t* 7;0« . m. today—1.05. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dit»—«W. Thli Date vm Mnxlmum ypst!?r<ll»y~ 50. Minimum yesterday—38. reclpltatlon January 1 to dttt-1,40,

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