The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 19, 1954 · Page 1
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January 19, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 19, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOtJTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 255 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald ; BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1954 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Farm Plan Showdown Delayed Aiken Won't Press for Vote Until March WASHINGTON (AP) — Th Eisenhower adminlstr tion moved today to delay fo at least six weeks any sho\ down with Senate critics its flexible farm price suppor program. The Senate Agriculture Commi tee recalled Secretary of Agricu ture Benson for questioning on th program but Chairman Aiken (R Vt) said in an interview he won push for a vote on the price sup port issue until about March 1. Ail en is backing the new program which President Eisenhower lined to Congress eight days ago. In the meantime, Aiken said, h will ask the committee to conside other phases of the program. Thes Include Eisenhower's requests fo Exchange for Pledges (A) authority to "freeze" 2J4 bil lion dollars worth of crop sur pluses .from regular markets, (B a 1%-billion-dollar boost in fund to support farm prices and (C) au thority to dispose of a billion do, Oars worth of surpluses abroa 'tfaver the next three years. Officials said the last point con templates the surpluses would bi given to non-Communist coyntrie; in exchange for pledges to under take economic projects "When all of these have been explained and considered, I think there may be a fuller understand ing of what the President and Ben son are trying to do." Aiken said "In six weeks it is entirely pos sible that our differences over par ity will be resolved." Aiken said he was "not at al discouraged", by the evident fac that a majority of his committee now favors continuance of 90 per cent parity price supports on ma jor field crops, instead of the 75 to 90 per cent flexible props pro posed by the president. Goal Still 100 Per Cent Parity is a farm price standarc Baid by law to give farmers Jair return for their products in terms of things they have to buy. "I am confident that we are going to get a workable program the Vermont senator said. "If these surpluses can be removed from See FARM on pag£ 8 25 Killed In Volcano Eruption JAKARTA, Indonesia Iff— Thousands of frightened Javanese fled their homes today in the wake of an eruption of the volcano Merapi. The first blowoff—in the heart of one of the world's most densely populated areas—killed 25 persons and injured 66 others. The 9,950-foot volcano, 20 miles northeast of the revoluntionary Indonesian capital of Jogjakarta, has been acting up since last March. The first serious eruption occurred yesterday, sending volcanic ash as far as Magelang, 40 miles north of Jogjakarta. Officials said 2,000 persons had been moved out of the immediate area and that thousands of others ( were leaving their homes. The recorded toll from Merapi's last major eruption, in 1930, was 7,000 dead but some authorities put it as high as 30,000. The volcano's history of death dates from the early days of recorded Javanese history. In 1006 it wiped out a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom then flourishing in central Java. Javanese history was blank for 25U years after the calamity. Now 1,900,000 people live on the mountain's fertile eastern and southern slopes and in the surrounding valleys. Authorities voiced particular fears of the lava stream, which was reported moving eastward toward the town of Bojolali. The lava was described as .unusually gaseous, capable of moving at speeds of up to 250 feet a second and liable also to explode. STORM KEEPS LINER IN GERMAN PORT— Heavy seas and winds bounce spray off the flooded BremerhaVen dock as the U. S. liner America, its scheduled departure delayer by the stormy weather remains snugly tied up at berth. The German port was among the hard-hit waterfront areas in weather-battered Europe as storms struck Germany and Denmark (AP Wirephoto via radio from Frankfurt) Zook Tells C. of C. Group— Big Farm Economy Adjustment Likely Problems of re-adjusting farm economy were discussed ast night when Martin Zook, manager of the Agriculture division of the Memphis Chamber of Commerce, met with the Jlytheville Chamber's agricultural committee. - - — - ... ... .". - Unity Is Needed In Agri Program Mr. Zook pointed out that if soy- ean controls come in 1955 and con- •ols on cotton remain, the problem f diverting acreage to other crops ill be a large one. The discussion was aimed at what he Chamber's committee on agricul- ure could do to help the farmer f this area. Mr. Zook suggested that when and thes e changes in acreage use ome up, the Chamber here could r ork with existing agencies and the armers in improving processing and larketing facilities for new crops hich undoubtedly will play a more mportant part in the county's agri- ulture. , . The committee also pledged 'namber of Commerce cooperation 'ith the National Cotton Picking ontest and discussed programs for ncreasing interest in cotton prod- cts. Members of the committee, which headed by John Caudill, include . G. Nash, Foy Etchieson, Jack obinson, R. H. Farr, s. E. Tune, :. W. Wylie and Paul Hughes. Bill /yatt and Keith Bilbrey are ad- sors. Yesterday afternoon, the Chamer's committee on education met nd outlined plans for 1954. The roup centered its discussion on a usiness-education day, which would t up tours for teachers to BJythe- lle business houses and would take ie businessmen into the schools for sits. Wyatr Says Farmers Must Work Together For Workable Plan Bill Wyatt, president of,the Mississippi County Farm.: Bu|^v_ {ife the .Burdette Agriculture Club last' reach 'of the night that farmers must work together to establish a workable plan of farm price supports and acreage allotments. Speaking on the workings of the Farm Bureau, he discussed the ac- Tempest In Coffee Pot- By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON 10—The Eisenhower administration had this advice today from a Democratic congresswoman from Missouri: Forget a minute about the Big Four, atoms, deficits and the budget. But for goodness sakes Do something about the 15-cent cup of coffee. To Mrs. Leonor Kretzer Sullivan, styling herself a typical "harassed housewife," the implication was clear: Democrats may get an issue that will push the old nickel cigar into the background. Mrs. Sullivan, an attractive brunette, said 1 rising coffee" prises trf ' Bibn Reds Say They Won't expansion ' ' Set for GM tion taken in the National Farm Bureau Convention in Chicago earlier this month. in'" the street or the woman in the kitchen, ant "that is almost un-American." SHE SAID profiteering and specu lation have caused the price of f cup of coffee to jump to 15 cenU in St. Louis and other cities, anc the price of a pound to climb to SI.10 and higher. in taking an over-.,, vie, of the | , n "™* ™ ™™ problems of the Mississippi County cotton farmer, he gave both sides of the picture in explaining the problems of the other farmers of Lhe nation. The greatest problem of the farm- r here is what to do with the land not planted in cotton if the farmer engages in a cotton acreage control See WYATT on paffe 8 Costal Report Hides acts-Summerfield WASHINGTON (AP) — A council set up to advise the enate Post Office Committee has given a boost to restora- on of two home mail deliveries a day, but Postmaster Gen•al Summerfield says the group's report "obscures the facts. Alaska, Hawaii Statehood Okayed t By Senate Group WASHINGTON W) - The Senate Interior Committee voted today to approve .statehood for both Hawaii and Alaska. Chairman Butler (R-Neb) told reporters the vote to add Alaska statehood to the Hawaii statehood bill was "as close as could be," presumably 8 to 7. Butler declined to make public the roll call vote which was taken in a dosed door committee session. ' After voting to combine the Alaska and Hawaii statehood bills into a single package, the committee voted to delay Its report to the Senate until the Alaska str.tchood section can be "perfected." The council report, made pub- last night, contained 28 rec- mendations. The two-a-day de- rery plan was not specifically iong them, but some members id the -proposal deserved "care- 1 study." Summerfield, commenting that e report was "withheld from us til today," said in a statement at the "entire tenor and fabric tries to justify further inaction d delay on postal rate Increases an Indefinite period." Prompt Action He added that It was ridiculous contend, as the group did. that undreds of millions of dollars" uld be saved in the department •ough economies and efficiencies. Sen. Carlson (R-Kan), who is chairman of the Senate committee and also headed the advisory council, said the committee would go to work promptly on the coun- would result in large savings If put into effect. The council recommended that postal rate increases should be considered at once by Congress, but should be kept at a minimum until modernization of post office practices showed what savings could be made. Ignored Proposal It took no position on the proposal of President Eisenhower for a 240-million-dollar boost in postal rates to cut into the Post Office Department's big deficit. The deficit is estimated at 440 million dollars for the current financial year: it was about 640 million last year. Some of the reduction is the result of such bookkeeping devices as shifting the cost of airmail subsidies out of the post office. Also, some rates have been raised. The council indicated strongly that any boosts should come in ell's suggestions, which, he said, the letter mail (first class) rate. Jin a House speech yesterday. "I'm sure the government would be showing some interest and some concern and undoubtedly getting some helpful results. "But so fnr as I can see, 11 is looking with resignation or unconcern on the holdup of the American consumer and housewife on skyrocketing coffee prices." THEN SHE went to her office and whipped out this letter to Secretary of State Dulles, who deals with the countries (chiefly Brazil) which supply coffee: "Has your department made any effort to reach agreement with the coffee-supplying nations to assure an, adequate supply of the reduced (coffee) production for our- needs? Have you initiated any conversations toward assuring this supply at fair prices? "In other words, Mr. Secretary, what is our government doing— and also, what can it do under present authority—to arrange with the coffee producing nations for fairer marketing of coffee in the United States? "I know every American housewife would be interested in your answers." SURE, SHE explained, this may not be the weightiest problem Dulles faces at the moment. "But to 40 million American families," she added, "It's the kind of issue they wish he would get busy on right away, so that they, in turn, can fortify themselves properly in the mornings to read the newspaper accounts of his other .problems and concerns." Or, as she put it to Dulles, "without that solace (coffee) how can we possibly face up to the problems you want us to concern ourselves with?" M an Held for $3 00,000, Rescued San Francisco Ml—A wealthy young San Francisco real estate broker kidnaped Saturday and held for $300,000 ransom was rescued unharmed early today by police who arrested the suspects. The kidnaped man, Leonard Moskovitz, 38, told newsmen with a broad smile: "It's wonderful. I love the police department." DIst. Ally. Thomas Lynch, In announcing the break at 4 a.m. Identified the two suspects »» Harold Jackson, 57, and Joe Lear, 43, both of Sacramento, Calif. Moskovitz was found shackled in rented house at 167 Arbor St. few minutes after two police 'p»clnrs picked up Lear ns he talked with (lie vlctlm'i family from a public telephone a few blocks away, Lynch said. Police Lt. Don Scott said Lear squealed find quickly led the officers to the hideout. Newspapers, wire services and radio stations had known of the kidnaping since shortly after worried members of the Moskovitz family telephoned police Saturday afternoon and reported him missing. All kept it secret while the family negotiated for his release. Leonard's father, Maurice Moskovitz, a tiny silver-haired man, and his sister-in-law, Mrs. William Moskovitz, talked happily with 35 to 40 newsmen in the Hall of Justice. "You're the most wonderful people in the world," Mrs, Moskovlti told Police Chief Michael Galley. The younger Moskovitz, father of two children, appeared rumpled nnd In need of a shave. He said the kidnapers threatened to mutilate him but actually did him no harm. "The kept me shackled all the time," he said, "but they didn't harm me. They gave me water when I wanted it, and food." He snid the kidnapers never referred to each other by name except Jackson was called "Dutch." He sold they talked about a third party its if he were a boss, but I think that was just a cover up." Jackson and Lear glared at newsmen as they were led Into the crowded press room at the Hall ol Justice. Will Enlarge Automotive Divisions NEW YORK (AP) — General Motors today announced another billion-dollar expansion program. Sixty per cent of the funds will be spent this year and the remainder by the fall of 1955. The program is designed mainly to provide additional capacity for GM's automotive divisions. Harlow H. Curtice, GM president, disclosed the undertaking along with an optimistic outlook business prospects in an address to 500 business and industrial leaders at a luncheon pre- iminary to the opening Thursday of GM's Motorama of 1954. He said GM has spent two billion dollars on expansion since World War n. He predicted a gross national product this year "approximately equal to the 365 billion estimated or 1953." No Depression Seen "No depression is in my vision," ie said. "It is my belief the na- -ional economy will be strong and lealthy throughout the year." He said he looked for little change in the over-all level of employment. "Consumer expendi- ures should continue substantially at present high levels as a result »f well-sustained incomes and low- ir taxes," he said. He predicted General Motors' volume ol sales "in physical and dollar terms in 1954. should not ie far from the high level at- alned in 1953. Last year, he retorted GM's dollar sales exceeded line billion dollars "by a substan- ial amount." For the auto industry specifically he GM president said, "I esti- iiate the domestic market should bsorb in the area of 6.300,000 ars:and trucks. Unit production, nclu^ilng Canada and for export. should approximate seven million rapt; and trucks." "*** / |7 Million 'Salts ••'-• Factory sales in the domestic market last year, he said, totaled seven million cars and trucks, Including Canada and units produced for export, industry sales amounted to about 7,800,000 units, the second largest volume in history. He noted GM produced almost three million cars and more than 500,000 trucks in 1953. Production of GM's 1954 models, he said, required an outlay of about 350 million dollars for equipment, tools, dies and engineering. He said the destruction of GM's Livonia, Mich,, transmission plant by fire last August cost about 100,000 units of output. "There is one danger we must Take Back Prisoners Indians to Go Ahead With Transfer to UN guard against—and that is psychological," he said. "If those who persist In taking a pessimistic view of the future succeed in planting fear In the minds of the public, those seeds of fear could take root and the result might be the very condition we seek to void." Public confidence, he said, "is a key factor in maintaining a high level of economic activity." PANMUNJOM (AP) — The Communists told the Indian command tonight they woulc not take back 349 pro-Rec prisoners — including 21 Americans — scheduled for return tomorrow. The Indians said they would go ahead with the transfer of 22.039 anti-Communist Koreans and Chinese back to U. N. custody. The Communists' nine-page letter to the Indian command angrily opposed the riecisipn. to return nil um-epatviated war prisoners to their captors starting to morrow. An Indian spokesman said the Reds said they would not accept the captives. He did not elaborate. The Communists accused the Indians of violating the armistice and added: "We cannot concur in such interpretation and decision. "Right to Refuse" "We consider that each prisoner of war has full right to refuse to be forcibly restored to the forme: detaining side and to demand to attend further explanations. It is not for anybody to deprive them of this right and especially to deprive them of this proper right by force." The U. N. Command notified the Indians that it "will honor Its obligations" and declare anti-Red prisoners civilians at midnight Friday. A letter to the Indian command said the Allies "will be prepared to process and dispose of the prisoners of war now in custody of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission whether they leave the,, denu'Uifj-lzrH- zone on 20 January or immediately following termination" of neutral custody nt midnight Friday. The Reds insisted that the Indians withdraw their decision to return the prisoners and "actually shoulder the duties and obligations" of the armistice by continuing to hold the prisoners and resuming explanations. Contents of the Communist letter were broadcast by ' Red China's Peiping radio. Rejected Indian View The Red reply flatly rejected the Indian view that although certain aspects of the armistice have not been fulfilled, Indian custodian troops could neither hold the prisoners nor retain them, but could Acreage Set As Topic of Osceola Meet A meeting of farmers interested ,n the proposed increase in cotton illotments will be held tomorrow in the Osceola Court House. Sponsored by the Farm Bureau, the meeting will bring out per- •Inent facts on the plans being brought forward to up cotton acreage for 1954. 'We think the farmer should know just how these plans are going to affect him and there- 'ore would point out that this mect- ng could be of value to many of our- farmers," Bill Wyatt, county Farm Bureau president, stated. only return them to their captors. The U. N. told the Indians Saturday that they would accept anti- Red prisoners. The Communists rejected any proposal-Which would transfer the prisoners from Indian custody before (1) they receive explanations and (2) a Korean peace conference discusses their fate. Lt. Gen. k. S. Thimayya, Indian chairman of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission, said anti-Red prisoners would move southward from stockades in Korea's neutral zone on schedule. He told a press conference the anti-Communist Chinese and Ko rean prisoners were overjoyed when told they were to be returned to U. N. custody. Civilians at Midnight Gen. John E. Hull; U. S. and U. N. Far east commander, flew to Korea from his Tokyo had- quarters and said he would consider the anti-Communist prisoners "civilians wherever they happen to be at midnight Friday night." He said the prisoners would be processed as soon as they are handed over. Hull and Gen. Maxwell Taylor, to be on hand when the prisoner See POWs on page 8 Weather ARKANSAS—Cloudy with widely scattered showers, warmer this afternoon and in northeast tonight, .urning colder extreme northwest Wednesday. MISSOURI—Cloudy and turning much colder west and north tonight and over state Wednesday; occasional light rain or drizzle south changing to freezing drizzle ate tonight southwest and occa- lonal freeing drizzle or MRht snow north continuing; Wednesday. Maximum yesterday—46. Minimum this morning—39. Sunrlae tomorrow—7 ;05, Sunset today—5;17. Precipitation last 24 hours k> 7:00 . m. today—trace. Mean temperature (midway between Igh ftnd low)— 42,5, Precipitation Jnn. 1 to date—5,32. Thin Date Last Yfar Maximum yMtcrdny—.10. Minimum y«trrrlfiy—32. ! Precipitation January l to dato—2.34, 19540ldsmobile To Be Displayed Here Tomorrow Oldsmobile's 1954 models will go on display in Blytheville tomorrow In the showroom of Horner- Wllson Motor Co., 309 East Main. All three models, the "88," the Super "88" and the "98", are three Inches lower this year and feature such design changes as the panoramic wrap-around windshield which has resulted in moving the front corner posts back out of the driver's field of vision. In the Super "88" and "98" series, horsepower has been Increased from 165 to 185 and compression ratios have been advanced from 8 to 1 to 8.25 to 1. A new cowl ventilator extending the width of tho hood has been added and the Instrument panel redesigned. Power steering, power brakes, power seat adjustment, air conditioning, automatic headlight dimmer and Hydramatlc drive are available as optional equipment. ThPi-5 will be II models available In tho three scries for 1(51. x DUAL SITES FOR BERLIN CONFERENCE — The Old Allied Control Authority building (top) In Berlin's American sector and the Russian embassy (bottom) on East Berlin's Onter Den Linden, have been agreed upon ss the sites for the Big Pour foreign minister's conference. The Allied building will be used for the first week's talks, which open on Jan. 25. The Russian embassy will be the scene of the second week's conference. (AP Wirephoto) ' . .<- .,-< Dulles Warns Reds Of Divisive Tactics WASHINGTON (AP) _ Secretary of State Dulles said oday that if Russia tries to use the Berlin Big Four con- erence to frighten and divide the West "we will all have vasted our time." Dulles declared that such "tactics of division" would fail. He expressed hope that Soviet leaders will take a "constructive" line in which case "they will find us responsive." He called specifically for action to unify Germany "through free elections" and creation of an all- German government, and for completion of an Austrian treaty. Dulles announced to a news conference that he will leave for Berlin Thursday noon with a group of state department, defense department and White House advisors for TSiree Men Sent to Arkansas Pen Two Withdraw Appeals from Sentences Here Three men were transferred today to the State Penitentiary after one was sentenced to three years on a charge of burglary and grand larceny In circuit Court yesterday and two withdrew their appeal to the State Supreme Court after being sentenced to 28 years on a similar charge during the November term. Claude Plttman and Walter Henderson, both of Memphis, withdrew their appeals to the Supreme Court and Leroy H. Majors of Blytheville was sentenced after he pleaded guilty to a charge of burglary and grand larceny in connec- breaking into G. 0 and Henderson were tion with Poetz Co. Plttman being held In Blytheville county jail on $15,000 bonds each alter the appeal was made. They were sentenced to the 28 years each by Circuit Judge Znl B. Harrison on the recommendation of the jury on the burglary and grand larceny charges In connection with breaking Into Hays Store. Majors was arrested by St. Louis, Mo., police on suspicion when he tried to sell a check writing machine taken from the Poetz Co. office. He -was transferred to county Jail here. In the burglary Nov. 4, Majors pleaded guilty to taking a typewriter, a check writing machine and $350 in cash. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Golden Glovers Weigh-In Today for NBA Tournament at Osceola . . Clinton Coach Replies to JoneaborA Newspaper's Curious Demand for 'Facts' Concerning Cancellation . . . Sport* . . . page H, , . . Tim* Control Could Halt Bkkcrinj on Stop light . . . Editorial* . . . page 4. ' . . . The Fabuloui Howard llmhrs , . . One of a Scries . . . name .1. the first Big Four session in five years. Advisors May Be Called He said bi-partisan advisors from Congress may be called in if needed. Dulles also: 1. Said that U. S. defense plans are sufficiently flexible to be adjusted if the nation should be sur- irlsed by what he calls something new and different in Russia's attitude on. atomic controls. He had been asked Whether reliance on atomic weapons would permit this country now to agree to ban these weapons. He made clear that he thought any agreement on atom or hydrogen weapons was extremely unlikely. 2. Asserted that he still expects to discuss international atomic problems with Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov at Berlin—where the Big Four will meet next Monday^ but said he would know more about that after a talk late today with Ambassador Georgi Zarubin. 3. Reaffirmed U. S. policy calling for release of prisoners of War in Korea immediately after midnight, Jan. 22. He reminded questioners that he had repeatedly stated this policy and called for return of the POWs to civilian status. He said that it is still the position here. 4. Disclosed that career diplomat John Paton Davies has been called home from his post at Lima, Peru, to give what Dulles called certain explanations regarding criticisms that have been made against him. Dulles said security Investigation. of Dnvles has made a record of 2,000 pages. The record is now completed, the secretary said, but he does not expect to decide the case before leaving for Berlin. A&P Won't Be Broken Up WASHINGTON m — A compromise settlement of the government's anti-trust suit against the P food chain was announced ,oday by Atty. Gen. Browndl. The bi; retail chain will not b* broken up.

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