BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TH* DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF HORTHeABT, ARKANSAS AND SOUTHBA8T MISSOURI TOL. XLIX—NO. 254 BlythevUle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald .BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 18, 1954 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTg Compromise Reached On Big 4 Talks Berlin Meeting Will Open On Schedule By TOM REEDY "BERLIN (AP) — Experts for the Big Four set to work today to 'plan security and housekeeping details of the Berlin foreign ministers conference. A compromise last night on sites for the session assured that the parley will open on schedule next Monday. The American, British, French and Russian commandants of the divided city appointed deputies to meet late today to work out detailed arrangements for the conference on German unity and the Austrian peace treaty. Orders from their home governments ended 10 days of wrangling over the conference site. The three Western military chiefs and Soviet Commandant, Sergei Eengin agreed last night that the ministers will meet for one week — the second — in the Soviet Embassy in East Berlin, and for the first and third weeks in the building In the American sector formerly used by the Allied Control Council. Thereafter, a qommunique Baid, "the place of meetings will depend upon the course of the conference." - ; *Tfny Triumph" The Russians at first -had demanded that half the meetings, Including the opening session, be held in East Berlin. The West sought at first to hold only one ' fourth of the meetings in the East, "Let the Russians have a tiny triumph if that is what they regard it to be." one Allied spokesman said. "We believe that the main point is to get around the JACK FROST'S ART — Near-zero temperature this week has put delicate leafy designs on windows at Youngstown, O. The master artist, Jack Frost, even deals in such modern devices as three-dimension on the frosty panes. This portrait of his work was taken by Vindicator Photographer Lloyd Jones, (AP \Virephoto) table on Germany and Austria and see if some international agree ment can be found," The agreement dissipated fears that the Russians Would monkey- wrench 'the conference before it even started unless they could secure the prestige of launching it in their own back yard; The "Little Pour" deputies now Will determine the makeup of the conference secretariant, arrange for communications and security, and decide on policies for handling the 1,000 or so men and women of the international press corps about to descend on the city. U, S. Secretary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault are due here Friday for cuss ions. V. M. Mblotov is expected Saturday or Sunday. Press Campaign Their gathering will be the first major four-power meeting in Berlin since 1948 saw the opening of the cold war, its subsequent East- West split and the Berlin blockade. As the wrangle over the Bite cleared up. Communist East Germany cranked up a press campaign which undoubtedly had Mos- See BIG 4 on page 12 last-minute strategy dis- Soviet Foreign Minister Osceolo Negro, Two Memphians Hurt in Wreck An Osceola Negro was hospitalized and two Memphis residents received minor bruises as the result of a collision on Highway 61 one-half mile north of Luxora last night. Willie Segiers,' Osceola Negro, •was taken to Osceola Memorial Hospital for treatment of a minor concussion after the car he was driving crashed into the back of a car driven by James Vaier of Memphis. Mi. Vnier and Deena Smallwnod of Memphis were returning to Memphis after visiting Mr. and Mrs. Clalr Miller of Blytheville when the accident occurred. Seglers is charged with driving while under the influence of liquor, E. P. Patton, state policeman, said He was driving at a high rate of speed and damage to the Vaier car was heavy, Trooper Patton said. Thimayya Says PW Release By UN Will Violate Armistice PANMUNJOM (AP) — Indian Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya told the U. N. Command again today it will violate the Korean armistice if it frees anti-Communist prisoners before their fate is decided by Allied-Red agreement or by a peace conference. The Allies, however, went ahead with plans to free more than 22,000 Korean and Chinese anti-Red POWs as civilians by Saturday — a course the UNC says is required by the armistice terms. * Efforts to reopen preliminary talks for a peace conference got Re: Bricker Amendment SenXnowlandH ope fuL Of Party Compromise By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower and Republican Congressional leaders today renewed efforts to work out a compromise on the controversial Brieker amendment on presidential treaty powers, and Sen. Knowland declared he is "still hopeful" agreement will be reached. Knowland. the senate majority leader, talked to newsmen after the regular weekly meeting of Eisenhower • arid the party chiefs in Congress. ' House Speaker Martin said the House probably will approve whatever form of the proposed constitutional amendment passes the Senate—even if it is the version sponsored by Sen. Bricker (It- Ohio). Eisenhower has said repeatedly that he cannot go along with that version. Knowland told reporters that he gave today's session a report on Secretary of Stale Dulles and Atty. Gen. Brdwnell, wno sat In at earlier meetings called to try to work out an agreement, were present at the White House conference today. Debate Slated Asked whether he believes a compromise can be reached, Knowland replied: "Yes, I am still hopeful or we wouldn't be continuing the discus:ions." Eisenhower has said the Bricker its present form the conduct of amendment would hamper foreign affairs. Knowland repeated that the Bricker amendment—or some compromise version—will be called up for debate as soon as the Senate concludes action on the St. Lawrence Seaway bin, probably later this week. Aoked about- %entinient in the. nowhere. American and North Korean liaison secretaries deadlocked for the third, time—apparently on the question of striking Red charges of perfidy from the record. They agreed to meet again Wednesday. In New Delhi, Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, U. N. Assembly president, said "merely releasing 22,000 unrepatriated prisoners" would not end the Koread deadlock. She said in a speefh to Indian leaders that the problem of Korea is a desperate one which must be reviewed by the General Assembly "in the context of new developments,'-' Mrs. Pandit has called for the 60-nation. Assembly to recon- ispue, Martin said: "I would almost expect that th House would take whatever the Senate passes." Asked whether that meant tha the House would go along if the Senate should approve the Brickei amendment in its present form Martin replied that it looked that way to him. Substitute Proposal Before the White .House session Rep. Javits (R-Lib-NY) suggested that the House be given a voice in ratification of treaties as e compromise on tho Brickei' plan The Constitution provides that treaties shall be negotiated by the President and shall become effective upon ratification by the Sente. A two-thirds majority of those present is required. Javits proposed requiring a two-thirds vole in each branch of Congress. Javits put torward his suggestion 3S an alternative which he said should be considered if Congress rejects an amendment proposed by Sen. Knowland. Knowland's proposal, a substitute for the amendment being pushed by Sen. Bricker has the support of the Eisenhower administration- Blytheville Man's Brother Dies At Dixon, III. Nazarene Church Pastor Resigns The Rev. Joe L. Bean, pastor of the First Church of the Nazarene, | Haines has resigned effective Jan. 24, and j publisher Harry W has accepted a pastorate at Trinity Jh H d] d slldrtenly et Church of the Nazarene at Okla- h|s nome jn Di ^ m ^ ycsterd! , y . Word has been received here of the death yesterday of John brother of Courier News Haines. homa City, Okla. The Rev. and Mrs. Bean and their two young sons, Bill and Richard, have made their home in Blytheville since November. 1952. Having served as vice-president of the Blytheville Ministerial Alliance, the Rev. Mr. Bean was appointed to represent the alliance on the Board of Directors of the Blythevillc Y for the year 1954. He will deliver his last sermon in Blytheville next Sunday evening. He had not been in good health for more than a year. Survivors other than Harry W. Haines, include his wife, Ethel Haines; another brother, Paul Haines of Albequerque, N. M.; sister, Mrs. Louis Stein of Grand Island, Nebr.; a son. Kenneth Haines of Denver, Colo.; and daughter, Mrs. Robert Bovcy of Dlxon. Funeral services have been tentatively scheduled for tomorrow. McCarthy Group Investigating Voice of America Operations WASHINGTON (fl — Chairman McCarthy (R-Wis) says his Senate Investigations subcommittee Is checking on how the Voice of America engineering division Is operating under the Eisenhower administration. A recommendation for such a check was ma in a report yesterday by the investigative group that multimillion-dollar waste, "Incompetence, stupidity or worse was the rule and not the exception" when the division was operating under Secretary of State Dean Acheson In former President Truman's administration. McCarthy said In a statement the subcommittee has received In- formation "of continuing waste and abuses of taxpayers' funds." He said It has directed that a new survey be made by engineers who will report within three weeks, after which the subcommittee will call witnesses. The report the subcommittee filed yesterday with Its parent, the Government Operations Committee dealt only with the technical operations division of the Voice, a cold war propaganda weapon which beams broadcasts to friendly and Iron Curtain countries. The subcommittee said "Communist infiltration and left-wing slanting of and bias in programs" will be separately treated In an- other report. The subcommitte has been an all-Republican group since its Democratic members walked out last summer in a row with Me. Carthy over his asserted sole right to hire and fire staff members. Reviewing its hearings on the Voice's technical division, the subcommittee claimed credit for preventing the "squandering" o! 18 million dollars for construction of two 10-mllllon-dollar radio stations. Two million had been spent, the report said, before the hearings brought out testimony that the projects were located In areas of atmospheric disturbance and could be replaced at a tenth the cost on more favorable sites. 'ying Gen. John E. Hull, U. N. Far East commander. misunderstood He said the Allies apparently misunderstood his decision to return unrepatriated prisoners now in Indian custody to their captors starting Wednesday. Thimayya, chairman of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission (NNRC), told each side last week to be ready to take back the prisoners it captured. They include 14,300 Chinese and 1,100 Korean POWs captured by the Allies and 327 Koreans, 21 Amer cans and 1 Briton captured by the Communists. All have refused to go home. Thimayya re-emphasized in his latest letter that he is returning the 22,400 "as prisoners" and that freeing them would violate the armistice. The UNC has informed the Indians it is ready to accept the prisoners. An Indian spokesman said the Communists have not replied. The spokesman said Thimayyi was planning a "final report on Whether war prisoners would be returned on Jan. 20," as soon as the Reds answer. This touched oif speculation that the Indians mi^ht change their decision, which they originally described as "the final say." Although there has been no official Red reply to the Indian plan, Communist China's Peiping radio has broadcast to Red troops that the Allies would "wreck" the truce if ihey release anti-Ked prisoners. The Indian letter was prompted by maneuvering over what will happen to the prisoners Jan. 23, Ihe day the armistice says they revert to "civilian status." The U. N. view is that they go free on that date, but the Communists, with the backing of India, say that because portions of the armistice agreement were not fulfilled neither side by itself has the right to change the status of the prisoners. Observers In Korea felt, that Thimayya's letter, which largely duplicated his earlier one to Hull, was prompted by the Indian government In New Delhi. The observers felt India wants to make its position absolutely clear as opposing the slaled U. N. Intention of freeing the POWs. President Proposes Federal Aid to Private Health Plans Inside Today's Courier News i . . Vital .Vce« for Sewers transcends Argument . . , Editorials , , . page 6 ... . . , Chickasaws Impressive In Victory Over Catholic High of Memphis . . , Photo Feature Gosnell Basketball . , . Sports . . . pages 8 and 9 ... . . . Frenchman's Bayou: Age, 125 , . . Courier News Feature . . . page 5 ... ... The Fabulous Howard Hughe* . . , Firit of * Series . . . page t . . . • , '. The Record Shop , . . page 7 ... Ike to Seek Farm Surplus To Aid Allies WASHINGTON(AP)— President Eisenhower soon will ask Congress for authority to use up to one billion dollars worth of surplus farm products to help strengthen the economies of friendly countries. This plan was disclosed today by Secretary of Agriculture Benson in a statement before the Senate Agriculture Committee, outlining the administration's new farm program. The proposed use of government surpluses—which Benson said today now exceed $5.500.000,000 — would be in addition to $2,500,800.- worth of surpluses which would be "insulated" from regular commercial supplies for special uses. Such uses would be for disaster relief, the school lunch program and for stockpiling for national emergencies. The "insulating" idea was advanced by the President a week ago In a special message to Congress outlining his farm program. Three-Year Program Benson told the Senate commit- iee the resident has authorized lim to announce the plans for the expanded use of farm surpluses abroad, in advance of the Chief Executive's budget message which s scheduled to go before Congress Thursday. The secretary said that his message would set forth the President's new proposal. Benson said the billion dollars worth of surpluses would be used over a three year period to "com- )lement bur general program of economic and technical development" abroad. Sen, Ellender fD-La) said in ad. _" of Benson's appearance that he wanted to know "just who suggested President Eisenhower's farm program and why." Chairman Aiken (R-Vt) of the committee billed Benson's testimony as "an outlook for agriculture." Thorough Study Ellender is the senior Democrat on the Senate Agriculture Committee, which invited Benson before it today to give it, in the words of Chairman Aiken (R-Vt), "an outlook for agriculture." Eisenhower said his farm program, which has stirred up heated opposition from many Democrats and some Republicans, was based on "the most thorough and comprehensive study ever made of the farm problem and of governmental farm programs." Taking part in the study, he said, were more than 500 eminent farm leaders, agricultural colleges, scores of producer and trade groups, 'national farm organizations, members of Congress and thousands of individual farmers. The most controversial feature of the program Is the scrapping of the present rigid government supports for basic field crops, other than tobacco, and their replacement by flexible supports ranging from 75 to 90 per cent of parity, a See 1KB on page 12 Administration Wants 'Middle-of-Road Tag WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower was said by close associates today to be prepared to press for legisla tion he believes will put a middle-of-the-road tag on the Re publican party for the November elections. Leochville Gets Revenue Branch An extension oflice o! the Bly- thevill State Revenue Office is now for renewal of automobile and driver's licenses, according to information Tom the Revenue Office here. The extension office will not handle new licenses but renewals only. A person buying a license for a car not previously licensed must obtain the license from the Blytheville office. Eisenhower has told Republican congressional leaders that while some compromises may be in order, he is prepared to turn on the hea t to get major proposals enacted in this session. A case in point apparently Involves his recommendations lor, changes in the Taft-Hartley labor law. The President sent Congress a. series of proposed amendments that set up a howl from two sides, with organized labor objecting to some and management to others. Associates said Eisenhower expected just such a reaction. The administration aim, as disclosed by one of those who has discussed it at the White House, Is to get Congress to pass amendments which will be accepied in the public mind as "liberalizing" the Taft-Hartley Act. • Criticism Likely The prospect that union leaders will criticize the net result as being too little and segments of management will say the changes favor the unions is calculated to give the whole business a middle-of-the road look to the average voter. To get some amendments to the act, there are clear signs that 1 administration is prepared to throw overboard the strike voti proposal which union leaders have attacked and which the Presiden appears to have included in his message with reluctance. On the health program sched uled for submission to Congress to day, some of the President's pro posals are expected to draw fire from the American Medical Assn and, from the other side of the fence, groups which want the gov ernment to install a compulsory medical insurance system. Eisenhower's social security rec ommendations, which were warm !y received by Congress, were ap> parently aimed in part at meeting complaints that his party has been reactionary. Proposal Not Enough The President is represented as having reached the conclusion tha it isn't enough for him to propose Sec LEGISLATION OB page 1 Polio Drive Starts Here Tomorrow Breakfast Meeting Set for Campaign Workers, Chairmen North Mississippi County's March of Dimes Campaign gets started tomorrow morning when workers and chairmen meet for breakfast at Rustic Inn at o'clock. Attending will be Marcus Pietz, stale chairman: Elbert Johnson, North Mississippi County chairman; Vernon B. Warr. Blytheville chairman; Mrs. Mavis Scttlemire. women's division head, and all group captains and solicitors of Blytheville. Appeals will be made through business houses, schools and theaters. Tomorrow's breakfast actually will launch the business section solicitations. Plans for a Mother's March on Polio—residential solicitation project—are to be announced later. Workers, with group captains named lirst. include; T. H. Caraway, H. L. Halsell, Jr., Ted Bourzikas, George Anderson, Rowland Paust, Frank Harshman; M : ke We'ustcr. Charles Moore, Jim Pearson, Joe Warren, Enlow Wlison, Leonard Johnson; Toler Buchanan, Fred Sandefur, Loy Welch , John Edwards, Dr. James C. Guard, Alvin Huffman, r.; Murray Smart. Alvin Hardy, Gordon Harris, Bailey Tarpley, Bill Williams, Kendall Berry; Cecil Kcllcy, Joe Trieschmann, R. E. Greene, Dilmus Hearnsberger, Ralph Brownlee, Harry Lane; Herb Childs. Arthur Weaver, Bobby McParland. Claude Chadwicfc, Eddie Johns, Charles Smith; J. L. Westbrook, Jr., Dick Shanks, Walter Manser, Tommy Westbrook, Dick White, Billy Boone; Marshall Blacknrd, Paul Mahon, Arnold Miller, Buck VanCleve, Gilbert Mann; Dick Watson. Oral Edwards, Elton Foster, Martin Moore, Kenneth Richardson. New Italian CMnet Is Named In Move to End 73 -Da Crisis ROME MV-Amintore Fanfanl, moderate leftist member of the middle-road Christian Democrat party, today handed President Lulgi Einaudl the lineup of a new cabinet he hopes will end Italy's 13-day-old political crisis. Einaudl immediately signed the decree appointing the new government. But the 48-year-old Fanfanl and his Cabinet still must win the approval of Italy's bitterly and almost evenly divided Parliament. The new Premier will go before the 590-membcr Chamber of Deputies, in which his party's 262 seats are 34 short of a majority, on Jan. 26 to presert his program. Fanfnnl, former Interior minister and the youngest man ever called to Republican Italy's premiership, s expected to win by a narrow margin In the subsequent vote of confidence, He was asked to form » govern- ment after the resignation Jan. 6 of Giuseppe Pella, another Christ- Jan Democrat who had governed precariously for five months with Monarchist support. Leftist members of his own party split with Pella, charging he was loo far to the right. They called for more liberal economic policies, and particularly a speedup in the land redistribution program, to counter recent Communist gains. Except for one Independent, the new 10-man government consists entirely of Christian Democrats. In 35-year-old Glullo Andreottl, H probably has Italy's youngest minister of the Interior. Andreottl Is a protege of Alclde de Gasperl, He served as under-secretary to that veteran statesman in several of his eight cabinets. Attlllo Plcclonl, 61, former vice premier under De Gasper! and ft World Wnr I aviation veteran. Is the new minister of foreign affairs. Milovan Djilas Top Aide To Tito Expelled By ALEX H. SINGU3TO N BELGRADE, Yugoslavia Wl—The ugoslav Communist parly's Central Committee has expelled Vice President Milovan Djilas from its ranks after hearing President Marshal Tito denounce his top aide Tito said Djilas attempted to "liq uidate" the Red party in Yugoslavia and sought to adopt the capitalistic system. Immediately after the 100-rrie her committee, meeting yesterday in extraordinary session, Issued its unanimous decree firing him. Djilas resigned as chairman of the Yugoslavia Parliament. He also repented his actions confessing that his attitude had been wrong. He denied that he opposed Tito and his policies and swore he still was a "true Marxist." The committee gave Djilas a stern "final warning" to alter his views. This appeared to threaten his complete expulsion from the party. It appeared likely also that he would be ousted from his government post as one of Tito's four vice presidents, fhe committee hearing, however,.apparently dealt only with party matters. Djilas' purge from the party leadership climaxed the most disrupting politico-social controversy among Yugoslavia's rulers since the war. Followed Articles The storm burst after the 41- year-old partisan fighter wrote a series of articles In Ihe party newspaper Borba proposing modifications in the Red setup In the nation. Though the party committee confined Itself mainly to DJllns' political views, the writings that brought down the Red wrath were his criticisms of the wives of other lop Communists. Djilas charged in a long article In New Thought that some of "the ladies of the "Inner circle"—Itself a bad term to the Reds—had snubbed the actress wife of one official. Without mentioning names, See YUGOSLAVIA on page 1* Re-Insurance System Urged In Message WASHINGTON (AP) President Eisenhower proposed today that the government bolster private insurance plans as a step toward bettering the health of all Americans. In a special message to Congress Eisenhower asked for 25 million dollars to start a system of government re-insurance of private Plans, to help take care of extraordinary expenses beyond those now covered. The President also proposed a five-year plan for expansion of the program for rehabilitation of the disabled. Under it a total of 66 disabled persons would be returned "to places of full responsibility as actively working citizens." Eisenhower's plan "rejecting th« socialization of medicine," also called for (a) continuation of present public health service programs, (b) a new. simplified formula for grants-in-aid to the states for health pruposes, and (c) a stepped up program of construction of medical care facilities. $9 Billion Bill The President told Congress the total private medical bill of the nation now exceeds nine billion dollars a year — an average of nearly $200 a family — and still is rising. He said the emphasis in dealing with the problem must remain essentially on private care, but that the government can arid must help. "Freedom, consent, and Individual responsibility are fundamental to our system," he said. "In the field of medical care this means that the traditional relationship of Ihe physician and his patient, and the right of the individual to elect freely the manner of his care in nsESj muat^be • preserved; " "In adhering to this principle and rejecting the socialization of medicine, we can still confidently commit ourselves to certain na- ional health goals." "One such goal is that the means "or achieving good health should 3e accessible to all. A person's ocation, occupation, age, race, creed or financial status should not larm him from enjoying this access." Lauds Voluntary Flans The President led up to nil r»- 'nsuz'ance proposal by saying: "The best way for most of our people to provide themselves the •esources to obtain good medical care is to participate in voluntary health insurance plans. During the last decade, private and nonprofit lealth insurance organizations have made striking progress in offering iuch plans. "The most widely purchased type of health insurance, which is hos- iltalization insurance, already meets approximately 40 per cent of all private expenditures for hospital care. "This progress indicates that these voluntary organizations can reach, many more people and provide bet- er and broader benefits. They should be encouraged and helped to do so. "Better health Insurance protec- :lon for more people can be provided. "The government need not and should not go Into the insurance business to furnish the protection which private and nonprofit prgan- zations do not now provide. But the government can and should work with them to study and devise bet- er insurance protection to meet the >ublic need." Fourth Message Today's special message was he fourth Eisenhower has sent o Congress to fill in the details if the broad administration program which he outlined in his Jan. state of the Union report. The President told the lawmakers: 'Even where the best in medical care is available, its costs are See PRESIDENT on page 13 Weather ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy and somewhat warmer this afternoon, and tonight, Tuesday cloudy with, icattered showers; somewhat cooler- n the northwest Tuesday after- won. High this afternoon 35-50; ow tonight 25-40. MISSOURI —Partly cloudy west, elsewhere considerable cloudiness tonight with occasional drlzzla outheast; warmer extreme south- iast; Tuesday partly cloudy; not nuch change in temperature. Maximum Sfttturday—40. Minimum Saturday—20. Maximum yesterday—J!S. Minimum this morning—20, Sunrise tomorrow—7:03. Sunset today—3:15. Precipitation IMt 48 noun M 1M , m. today—non«. Mean temperature (midway b«tlretA Itch ana low)—30.3. .. Precipitation Jan. I to <tfct«—8.33,: This D«te Lait YMT Maximum yesterday—40. Minimum yesiflrday—28. rucljiHaUou January I M 4M»-*,M.
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