The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 16, 1954 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 16, 1954
Page 8
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fAPE EIGHT it> Soviet Attempt to Purchase Surplus Butter Shows Desire for Trade Power By TOM WHITNEI Preu Forelpi Staff Thli week'i hullabaloo over proposed purchase of surplus butte •nd oil lor the Soviet Union unde lines one fact: Moscow is active] seeking to make her econom weight felt In the world of trade Agencies of the Soviet goven ment and of other Communist go' ernments are trying to buy an sell in the non-Communist worli And non-Communist governmem and officials are interested. Myrdtl MiklriK Tour Gunnar Myrdal, secretary gen eral of tte United Nations Econom Ic Commission for Europe, Is mak ing a tour of his territory whlc will take him to Moscow as well a the capitals of the West. He ha discussed with various Europea officials the prospects for greate East-West trade this year. The British government has give: the green light to a group of Britisi businessmen who have gone ti Moscow In search of orders. In 19S3 the tl.S.SR. concluded trad* pacts with the following na tions outside the Iron Curtain: In dia, France, Finland, Iran, Sweden Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Italy Greece, Argentina, Afghanistan nnc Egypt. Some of these were new others represented an expansion o previous arrangements. East Eruopean allies of the P.S.S.R. were active too. For in stance, Czechoslovakia in the pasl six months has made deals with Indonesia, India, Ceylon Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia. Agreement* Made In the Far East the Chinese Communists have been making many agreements, Including about * dozen with non-Communist countries of Europe, Latin-America and Asia. Talk about trade with the U.S.S.R. has been making a great Btir, particularly in Britain and in Western Europe. Some news items have been widely publicized throughout the non - Communist world. For Instance, when the Russians recently shipped to England nearly one hundred million dollars worth of gold the world's press sat up and took notice. The Journey by 30 British bus! nessmen to Moscow has also •roused much interest. On the other hand, demands by Ben. McCarthy CR-Wis) for a drastic program by the U. S. government against countries trading with the Communists also got great publicity. What does the Communist trade drive amount to? How much of it is just sound and fury and how much of it is real cash on the barrelhead, real exchange of goods? . It is hard to build up any comprehensive picture of the trade in terms of dollars and cents. Through the first nine months of 1953 the Soviet Union's trade with the non- Communist world declined about one-third. The statistical office of I the United Nations In releasing the VIEWERS USE SEPARATE POLAROID SCREENS 0 DISPUTE SETTLER—A new TV set shown at the American Furniture Mart in Chicago, 111., should do much to settle husband-wife disputes concerning which program they are going to watch. The new set solves the problem for them—it gets two programs at the same time. Each viewer can watch his favorite program by looking at the screen through a Polaroid window. Separate/ earphones are provided for each viewer. trade of the Communist bloc ns a • whole with the outside world would be roughly the same ns in 1952. No Immediate Gain However, much of what the Russians and their Allies are doing now in the field of concluding agreements cannot bear fruit in terms of actual trade until Inter this year,-or even until 1955 or later. In any case it is not the volume of trade between the Soviet bloc and the outside world—percentage- wise it constituted less than 2 per cent of total world trade in 1952— which makes this an important issue now. Some very important changes have recently taken place in both East and West which make it acute. In the West the international market has been transformed from a seller's market into a buyer's market. No longer are the postwar shortages the order of the day. Instead all Western countries now have surpluses of many goods for exports and are actively seeking foreign markets. In this situation, with keen competition developing within the non-Communist world, many sellers are casting willing eyes in the direction of the vast markets controlled by communism in the East. And their governments I are giving approval. j In the East, with the death of Stalin and the inauguration of pro- rams to speed up the increas* tandard of living, there has arisen real demand for nonAstrategic onsumer goods and foodstuffs fhich the Communist governments re willing to satisfy in part by urchases abroad. Deal after dea /ith non-Communist nations this ear concluded by the Russians nd their Allies has provided foi upplying to Russia of non-strate- ,c materials and foods, such a.< oth from Italy or France or ranges from Israel. Not Clear Cut Now While the war was going on in orea, while the markets for nil xport goods in the West were gen- rnlly brisk, while the Communists ere only interested in buying mo- hinery and raw materials which ad war potential, the Issue was irly clear cut. Now it's not. There are these fundamental ctors: The Communists do get ntlvan- .ge from trade with the West. In e 30s Western equipment per- itted them to industrinllze the Soet Union more rnplrtly. Eight now Communist,'; nre continuing eir drive to industrialize the Com- unist world including China und ey need capitalist help. While their interest In consumers ods and foodstuffs from the West is year is intense, the Reds con- ue to set their long term eights breaking clown completely the estern restrictions on trade in strategic goods and equipment. Their trade drive is not just "post-Stalin". It bcRan before that. A year before Stalin's dcnth the Russians organized the Moscow economic conference to dangle in front of Western businessmen orders for non-restricted commodities and the prospects for larger orders "should trade restrictions be abolished." The U.S.S.R. can, if It wishes, have great weight In international markets both ns buyer and seller. The things it can export In large quantities make up a formidable list, and it can always use almost anything in its own economy or in Its satellites which it can get from abroad. How does Russia pay for goods bought abroad? The controlled economy lets Soviet rulers "make available" for export abroad lust about anything produced in Russia. Coal, petroleum, machinery, automobiles, optical goods, food and thousands of other things—whether their supply nside Russia Is short or not—can at the will of the government be shipped abroad to pay lor imports. Russia was always a big gold iroducer. Her stocks of gold during .he war were judged by experts n the neighborhood of two billion dollars. There is little reason to suppose they are much, if any ess now. The Russians are going In for purchase of the export surpluses if a whole series of countries, from celand to India. These are things vhich cnnnot bo sold elsewhere. As he Russians buy, they furnish em- iloyment to workers in certain in- luslrles, profits to businessmen, nd benefits to the government oncerned. They pay for their pur- linscs frequently in commodities, vcn strntopic commodities, which would otherwise have to be purchased for hard currency. Increased Influence As they make such deals they acquire a certain increased political and economic influence with the country They've where gotten they purchased, their foot in the door there. If they expand this foothold considerably they may some day be in a position to pull the rug out from under whole sectors of the economies of foreign nations. The Russians will have to multiply their trade with the West considerably in order to reach such a position with important Western European states. But such a prospect is o possibility in the long run. Whatever policy the U. S. government adopts, it seems fairly certain that in the coming years the U.S.S.R. will be a more important figure in world trade than ever in the past. Wilson Public Library Gets New Books WILSON — A number of new books have been added to the collection at the Wilson Public Library, Mrs. Elstner D. Beall, librarian, has announced. Among them are: For adults— "Partners in Prayer" by dough; "A Family Boole ot Devotions;" "The Kingpen" by Wicker; "Life Is Worth Living" by Pulton J. Sheen; "The Valiant'Virginians" by James W. Bellah; "Indigo Bend" by Alice Graham; "The Imposter" by Noel B. Gerson. Books for boys — "Tornado Jones" by Dick; "Playmaker" by Dick Priendlich; "Red Rocket Mystery Horse" by Berris Ford; "Gray, The Story of a Brave Dog" Hlnkle; "Your Trip into Space" Lynn Poole; "Wind in the Rigging" by Howard Peace; "The Magic Bal from Mars" by Biemiller; "Olive Hazard Perry" by Long; "Will Dog" by Rietveld; "Jack Davis Forward" by Burgoyne. Girls books — "The Girl in thi White Coat" by Wells; "Doubl Feature" by Du Jardin; "Brigh Gold" by Lyon; "The Twenty-Five and Ann" by Ormston; "Sal Fisher Brownie Scout" by Gardner; "Pul Away, Boatman" by Darby; "The Mystery of the Thirteenth Floor' by Block. For younger children — "Reading Can Be Fun" by Monro Leaf; "Star of Wonder" by Cole and Frost; "One Morning in Maine" by McCloskey; "The Golden Bible;" "Where Is Cubby Bear" by Sharp; "Come and See" by Burton; "Winona's Pony Cart" by Lovelace; "A Complete Book of Children's Parties" by Hamsher. CONGRESS ATOMIC (Continued from Page 1) itntcK, Russia nnd Britain—contribute some percentage of their atomic resources to an international agency which would use the natcrial for peaceful purposes such power development. The idea was that agreement on controlling nilitary use of energy night grow out of this international ictivity. The Russians said the proposal niled to offer any solution for the :onirol of atomic weapons, but greed to talk with the United States about the whc!ed idea. They erved notice that they would in- ist upon a proposal of their own or an international pledge not to ise atomic weapons. Fined $75 Florence Turner, Blyfhevillc "e- ro woman, was fined $75 and cos: in Municipal Court, this morning, en a charge of leaving the scene of; Negro Deaths p.n accident. George Lavender Services for George Lavender, 82, who died last night nt his home in Biytheville niter a long illness, will be conducted nt Home Fu- n^rnl Home Che pel Sunday nt 2 p.m. by the Rev. Dennie Wilburn. Burial will be at Sandy Ridge Cemetery. Survivors Include his wife Dempsie Lavender of Blythevillo two sisters. Willie Ben Kylcs ar Etta PrschiicI, both of Memp'ih brothel-, Caleb Lavender t Chicago. 111. Melissa Wright ^rvhes for Melissa Wright, 54 o died nt University Hospil Little Rock, will be conducte -.t 1 p.m.. tomorrow at C.vston Fi'- ern] Home Chapel by Rev. C 'i-Tklin. Burial will be in Ml. ion Cemetery. Survivors include one sister i",ry Curler of Si. Louis, nnd on- er, Walter Goode, also of St. (Continued from Page I) year, because they won't be back." This is a congressional election jar—n fact which apparently wor- vies some members who favor the raise. Hoffman predicted that if Congress raises its own pay, it will encourage other government workers and employer, in private industry to demand higher wages. Thaf, he said, would .set off ano- othcr round of inflation. Hnllerk snid in an interview he favors a roll-call vote. There was no publicly-stated congressional opposition to raising the pay of federal judges, also recommended by the commission. Russian Claims Development Of Perennial Wheat LONDON (If}— Moscow radio said yesterday Soviet scientists have developed a perrennial wheat which I'ields year after year without re- seeding. The broadcast said the wheat, developed at the Georgian Academy of Sciences in Tbilisi, was first planted four years ago. "Since then harvests have been gathered each year and a fifth harvest Is expected from it this year." he radio quoted Prof. Vladimir Me- nabdeh, an academy official. Insurance Agent Cited H. L. Halsell, Blytheville representative of Aetna Life Insurance Co.. ranked 122nd among all Aetna agent- in the country for 1953, the company announced today. Mr. Hal:;ell has been with the company only a year and a half. Arkansas Legislator Gets His Number WARREN,. Ark. (^—Speaker of the Arkansas House C. C. Hollensworth stopped in Forrest City, Ark., recently to call a friend on the telephone. The restaurant telephone number from which he called was the same us his own home telephone numbei in Warren. Later, using another telephone booth in the same restaurant, Hollensworth placed a call to Memphis. The number of the second telephone was identical with Hollenswort'h's office number in V/arren. Mayor to Speak At Negro Church Meeting Here Mayor E. R. Jackson will speak to Negro churchmen here at a meeting at 3 p.m. Sunday at Bethel AME Church following the first quarterly conference union service of the year. Rev. J. W. Speight will deliver the sermon and Rev. w. M. H. Qulnn of Little Rock, presiding elder of the Jonesboro district, will preside. Mayor Jackson will be introduced by Alderman W. L, Walker. Other speakers will be Alderman Jesse White, Rev. E. D. Walls of Carter Temple CME Church; Rev. C. Franklin of Enoch Chapel; Rev. O. C. Johnson of West End MB Church; Rev. T. H. Hayward of First Baptist; Rev. H. Boykin of St. Paul MB Church; Rev. C. W Alexander of " Church; Rev. New Bethlehem M.B. Churc'hTand Rev. Carter of Jeremiah Temple The Truelight Baptist Church choir will sing, assisted by members of other Negro church choirs here. P 11 g ri m Rest M. N. Mitchell of RHEE j Louis. X V./ / YOUR FAVORITE APPLIANCE DEALER TODAY! With an ELECTRIC CLOTHES DRYER Ark-Mo Power Co. for COURIER NEWS in Cseeola, call BILLY BEALL, 567-M For Fine Foods, Choose PICKARD'S GROCERY & MARKET Nationally Advertised & Fancy Groceriei We Deliver . 2043 Call In Come In 1044 Chick. (Continued from Page 1> fighting for?' Will Sacrifice All 'If you don't fight here now ' hey were told, 'you will some day fight in your own back yard.' "They were convinced and they died. Have you completed your objectives here now, where American boys will not fight in their own back yards? Is that objective accomplished? "We here will sacrifice all we have and all we are until we accomplish that objective. We will not sit back and wait until we are sold out." The Indian Command, meanwhile, waited for reaction from the Allies and Communists to its decision to return all unrepatriated war prisoners starting next Wednesday. The Indians asked for replies by midnight Saturday. The 0.N. Command is expected to accept the 22,500 anti-Red Ko- •eans and Chinese now in Indian custody, but the Beds are expected o object strenuously to the plan. Under U.N. interpretation of the armistice, all unrepatriated prisoners are to be freed as civilians at midnight Jan. 22. The Communists want them held until a peace con- erence decides their fate. An Indian proposal to recall the J.N. Assembly Feb. 9 to debate Corenn problems got no support rom the United states and other ig powers. The Communist bloc, except for Poland, already is on 'ecord as favoring the session. Audit Charges McMath With Political Hiring LITTLE ROCK ^-Former Oov. Sir McMath's administration yesterday Was charged with political hiring In the State Police DeparU ment. The Legislative Audit Division made the report and listed six names of persons of whom it said "Information brought to our attention indicated a good part of the work done by the parties was of a political nature." Those named were: Hardy (Spider) Rowland of Little Rock, John Henry Johnson of Mount Ida, Eugene H. Hall, James 0. Hale of Waldron, Sid Rucker and Grace Harriman, for whom no addresses were listed. The six worked for various periods during the McMath administration. The audit saifc records did not show Rowland, Johnson, Hale and Halle were given the mental and physical examinations required for troopers, their payroll classification. 2-Headed Baby, 33 Days Old, To Go Home INDIANAPOLIS (IP, — Indiana's WEATHER (OmttniMd from Piga 1) century killed four people during the night and left a tattered trail of wreckage strewn from Scotland to the south coast. Winds whipping along up to 80 m. p. h. blew down bombed out buildings in Germany, where five persons died of storm injuries. Fire, fanned by storm wlndi. swepfc a metal grinding factory in Hannoversch-Muenden estimated at »750,000. with los» RITZ THEATRE Manila, Ark. (Wide Vision Screen) two-headed now 33 days old, was reported in satisfactory condition yesterday and ready to leave par- Riley Hospital whenever the ents are able to take him. The parents, Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Hartley of near Petersburg, in southern Indiana, have said they wanted to take their son home as soon as possible. However, their family physician, Dr. Joseph W. Elbert, insists that they move into Petersburg before bringing him home. Their log cabin, three miles from Petersburg, has no electricity, plumbing or running water, and the back road leading to it is impassable much of the winter. SATURDAY "IN OLD AMARILLO" WITH Roy Rogers Women's Club Cleans Up MULLINS, S. C. (ff) — Mullins 1 Woman's Club members are work- ng for a cleaner town. They are going out in groups, wearing work clothes, gathering up paper and other scraps from the town streets in their clean-up campaign. They hope their example will be followed by other townsmen and women. Joiner Post Office Positions Open Two Civil Service positions are open at the Joiner Post Office and examinations are scheduled for applicants for them. One is for substitute carrier- clerk and the other is for rural carrier. Applications for the carrier-clerk, position may be obtained from the Civil Service Regional Office, 1114 Commerce Street, Dallas, Texas. Similar forms for the rural carrier job must be obtained from the Civil Service Commission, Washington, 25, D. C., by Feb. 11. Applicants for this job must have resided in the Joiner Post Office's delivery area for the past year. SAT. MID-NIGHT "MAN IN HIDING" WITH Paul Henried & Lois Maxwell SUN., & MON. f» "MOULIN ROUGE" WITH Jose Ferrer & Colleffe Merchand Cause for Tears CONCORD, H. (/P)—Banker Kenneth B. Jesseman opened vault drawer one morning and wept uncontrollably. Firefighters, wearing gasmasks, removed a leaking teargas bomb. •TOUR FRIENDLY THEA1KE MOX - Theatre- On West Main St. In Blytheville Show Starts Weekdays 7'00 Sat. Sun. 1:00 On Our Wide-Vision Metallic Screen Where Happiness Costs So Littie for the Entire Family! & January 17 & 18 SATURDAY Double Feature k£X ALLEN Colorado^ Solid ' —AND— "POPEYE" CARTOON "ZOMBIE" SERIAL SAT. OWL SHOW 11:30 "GUERRILLA GIRL' SHOCKING! BRUTAL! VIOLENT! PLUS CARTOON SUN., ft MON. Double Feattr* GRANT ROGERS COBtKHHWiOf •.HOWARD HWWf

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