The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 16, 1954 · Page 1
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January 16, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, January 16, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. XLIX—NO. 253 Blytheville Courier Blythevllle Dally N.wi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1954 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPY FITB CENT! U. S. Adds Atomic Muscles to Armed Forces in Germany Two Squadrons of Pilotless Matador Bombers to Be Sent By ELTON C. FAT WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States is arming its forces in Germany with guided missiles capable of carrying atomic warheads hundreds of miles ,into Red-held territory. » The Air Force announced tersely last night that It will send two pilotless bomber squadrons to Oer- many this year. No details were given. This move seemed to fit into basic U. S. strategy defined by Secretary of State Dulles in a New York speech Tuesday and affirmed by President Eisenhower at his news conference the next day. This strategy, Dulles said, Is based on "massive retaliatory power" to deter Soviet aggression. In this connection, the decision Expected To Hike Pay Recommended Increase May Be Cut WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress appeared likely to , day to vote, probably nexi ) month, for substantial pay raises for its own members and for federal judges, starting next January. A protest from Congress* own ranks that the pay already may be too high seemed to represent only a small minority's view. But a special commission's recommendation that the legislators' annual gross income be hiked to $27,500 may be scaled down to 520,000 or $22.500, still a sizeable boost over the present $15,000. House Majority Leader Halleck (R-Ind) predicted that Congress al- full the would approve a pay raise, though not necessarily the amount recommended. Outspoken Minority Outspoken opposition to raise came from Rep. Burdick (R-ND) and Rep. Hoffman (R- Mich), but neither seemed optimistic about chances for blpcking it. Burdick disagreed with" the commission's finding that congressmen are underpaid, "Most of us are overpaid," he said. "Fifty per cent of the members couldn't make back home , what they're getting here. This isn't hard work. We horse around, for two months getting started and waste another month finishing up and then we take a vacation for four or five months." During the six or seven months that Congress actually is in session, Burdick said, "Many members spend little time here, and when we're not In session, many of them travel around the world on junkets paid for by the taxpayers." Burdick said he wouldn't oppose the boost if there is a roll-call vote, putting members on record publicly, if the raise is made effective not before next year, and if the same percentage of increase is given to the blind, the aged, the crippled and others receiving public assistance. ' "Won't Be Back" "Of course, those conditions won't be met," Burdick said. "The fellows who vote for this raise won't get it if it .is made effective next Sec CONGRESS on Page 8 Two Sewer Plans Offer System of * Similar Capacity Comparative sizes of the Black and Veatoh sewer system plan and the Mehlburger plan described Thursday night was erroneously reported yesterday. The Mehlburger plan calls for a, system sufficient to serve a city of Blytheville's size plus provision for "reasonable growth." It was reported that the Black and Veatch plan called foro system for a city of 30,000. A re-check of the original Black and Veatch report this morning showed that this firm's plan provided for virtually the same capacity system as does the Mehlburger proposal. to augment the fire power of American forces helping defend Western Europe immediately raised a question: Equipped With Matadors Would this mean fewer American troops in Europe? "No, not in itself," Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson told reporters yesterday. He didn't say more. The two squadrons bound for Germany will be equipped with B61 Matador missiles. These have been in mass production at the , Baltimore plant of the Glenn L. Martin Co. for more than a year. The Air Force did not disclose the number of missiles in a squadron, but it is believed several hundred may be allotted to each. By comparison, a squadron of jet fighters numbers about 25 planes. The Matador is the first offensive guided missile to be turned over to a tactical unit of the United States armed forces. Other such missiles with greater speed and wider range are being designed or are undergoing tests. 3-Way Punch When the Matadors arrive, U. S. forces in Europe will pack a three- way atomic punch: U. S. Air Force jet and piston engine planes that can carry atomic bombs, the giant 280 millimeter atomic cannon, and the guided missiles that could be used to stribs at Soviet troop concentrations, supply depots and communications centers hundreds of miles back of the lines, if war came. Aviation and rocket experts consider anything which can be controlled from. the ground, or which also takes over its own control through an electronic "brain", a guided missile. The Matador is about the same size and shape as a conventional fighter. The differences, aside from the missile's self-steering radar and radio system, are these: 1. The Matador needs no takeoff run. It is hurled into the air by a powerful rocket with a thrust of about 40,000 pounds. Two seconds later, with the missile airborne and well on its way, the rocket burns out and a J3f jet engine ;akes over propulsion. 2. Having no pilot and free of the mass of instruments and controls needed to fly a plane, the Matador can carry a far heavier load than a comparable jet fighter. It is en- .irely possible that an atomic Warhead close to the size used for strategic bombing could be loaded .nto the Matador. Measured against the known range of a comparable jet fighter, he Matador presumably has a range well beyond 500 miles— perhaps approaching 1.000 miles. The Matador's speed, during all of its flight escept the final dive at its target, must be assumed as sub-sonic (less than about 100 miles : in hour). Thus, it could be vulner- bie to some of the newest types of j nterccptors which have speeds up ; SWISS RESCUE WORKERS AT AVALANCHE SCENE — Swiss rescue workers clear avalanche debris from main road between Sisikon and Fluelen, near Lucerne, Switzerland, a culvert of which can be seen at right. Area in left back- ground which appears scraped is the path of the snowslide. Hundreds of persons were dead or missing in Austria, Switzerland and West Germany as a result of the numerous avalanches. (AP Wirephoto via radio from London) No More Yalta; Wanted So/on Doubts Bricker Plan's Effectiveness WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich), renewing today efforts to find a compromise on the Senate-splitting proposal to limit treaty-making powers, said he doubts legislation would accomplish what most proponents want. Ferguson said in an interview he any more Yaltas." believes most of the support for constitutional amendment proposed by Sen. Bricker (R-Mich) 'comes from people who don't want n the sonic range. lke f Aides Confer On Atomic Policy To Discuss Plans For Talks With Soviet On A-Poof Program By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON WR—President Eisenhower called advisers on atomic policy into conference today, presumably to discuss negotiations with Russia for the creation of an international pool of atomic resources for peaceful use. Summoned to meet at the White House were Secretary of State Dulles, Chairman Lewis Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission, Secretary of Defense Wilson and White House aide C. D. Jackson. The White House announced last night that the meeting would be held but gave no official word on the subject of discussion. However, the major project of the United States government on international aspects of atomic policy at this time is to enlist Soviet cooperation in the pool plan proposed by President Eisenhower. Two Developments Expected Two developments are in prospect within the ne,xt two weeks. Dulles is expected to have a second conference early next week with Soviet Ambassador Georgi Zarubin on arrangements for talks on the plan between the United States and Soviet governments. Their first meeting was last Monday. The following week, if the Big Pour foreign ministers' meeting in as scheduled in Berlin, Dulles is expected to take up the C of C Committee Meetings Set Martin Zook, agriculture direc- or of Memphis' Chamber of Com- nerce, will meet with Blytheville's Chamber Agriculture Committee Monday night at 7 o'clock in the Chamber offices. At 2 p.m. Monday, the Chamber's Educational Committee will nee.t. Both meetings are to discuss committee activities for 1954. (Eisenhower plan directly with So' viet Foreign Minister olotov. Informed officials say privately that the present concern of the President, Dulles, and other police- makers is to try to remove any minor obstacles that might stall But Ferguson said he doubts any constitutional amendment could head off possible future presidential agreements such a^ those made by Franklin D. Roosevelt when he met during World War II in the Soviet city with the late Premier Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill of Britain. "I don't believe you can cure a situation such as that which existed at Yalta," Ferguson Raid. "That was a case where the head of our government acted without maktnp a treaty or an executive agreement. "What he did was to give consent to Stalin to go ahead with his expansion plans." People May Get Issue But Ferguson said he does not think a similar situation will arise in the future. At the time of the Yalta conference, the United states was trying to persuade the U.5.S.R. to enter the war against Japan. Agreements published later gave Russia concessions in Asiatic islands and Manchuria and also sought to provide for free elections in Poland, then Russian-occupied, meanwhile giving some recognition to a Russian- backed government. President Eisenhower, opposing the Bricker amendment in its present form, was described by an administration official yesterday as prepared to take the issue to the people If necessary. But attempts are continuing to finrl a compromise before a Senate showdown, scheduled within the next few weeks, Ferguson meets today with Senate Republican Leader Knowland of California and Atty. Gen. Brownell to try to frame revisions Bricker would accept. The Michigan senator reported no progress in eforts to compromise with Bricker on a section of his proposed amendment which would give Congress power to "regulate" executive agreements made by the president. The two major barriers to an agreement are this section nnd one which Eisenhower said, would take the country back to pre-ConstHu- tion days when an individual state could nullify a treaty. The Bricker amendment is avowedly designed to guard against treaties operating as domestic law, unless Congress specifically acts. Soviet cooperation arid to determine But opponents say that under its whether the Soviet government really is seriously interested in joining the proposed pool. The plan was put forward by Eisenhower in a speech at the United Nations Dec. 8. He suggested that the world's atomic powers —which are principally the United See ATOMIC on Page 8 terms even the 48 state Legislatures might have to consent in some cases where the federal Constitution reserved powers to states. The President apparently can count on some Democratic support to modify Bricker's version, which has .split Republicans down the middle. Six Witnesses to Testify at McCarthy Probe BOSTON Wi_Some half dozen witnesses were, scheduled to appear today before Sen. Joseph Mci Carthy's traveling Investigating committee today as the Wisconsin Republican's current probe of suspected communism In Massachusetts enters its second day. McCarthy hinted last night that the witnesses would be General. Electric workers. Ten OE em- ployes testified yesterday at ft closed session and McCarthy later told newsmen that four of them Invoked the Fifth Amendment when asked questions concerning communism. Two members of the Harvard University faculty testified nt yes- lordiy's public remittee h?arW Both admitted being former mom- beri ol ft* CommuoUt party but both refused to answer when asked to name their associates in the party. McCarthy said he planned at "the earliest possible moment" to ask Senate contempt citations agaln-t physics Prof. Wendell Furry—ft frequent target of the McCarthy probes—and Leon J. Kamln, a $3,200 a year research assistant. The 47-year-old Furry testified that he was one of a half dozen Communist party members who worked on a top secret radar project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during World War II. But he flatly declined to name the others. Prof. Furry , who waived his Fifth Amendment privileges after Invoking them at tire* prior bear- ings, said he has not been a member of the Communist party since at least March, 1951. Of his refusal to name names, Furry said: "I am not seeking to protect the guilty from prosecution—I wish merely to secure the innocent from persecution." He added, however, that he wished to make It clear "If I knew of any person whose conduct as I saw it was criminal, I should feel duty bound to reveal these facts." Kamln, 26, who admitted he had been a paid employe of the Communist party In Massachusetts, testified he had been a member of the party during two separate periods—November, 1945, to January, liMfi, and from November, 1047, to late summer or fall of 1050. H* Mid, to * prepared tUto- ment, that his refusal to name his Communist associates was made because "I do not think that my duty to my country requires me to become a political Informer." McCarthy said at the end of yesterday's session that In his opinion the Furry case was "one of the most aggravated cases of contempt" he had seen. "To me it is Inconceivable that a university which has had the reputation It (Harvard) has had keeps this creature on, teaching our children," McCarthy said. McCarthy previously demanded that Harvard President Nathan Pusey oust Furry from the faculty. Dr. Pusey, who was a fellow townsman nnd political foe of McCarthy In Applcton, win., before coming to Harvard lost year, bus declined to (Ire Furry, Western Europe Emerges From Battering Storms Gales Quieted But Death Toll, Property Damage Are Heavy LONDON lift — Gales howling across the British Isles and western Europe quieted down today, leaving in their wake a heavy death toll and costly wreckage. Four died in Britain and five in Germany. A blizzard—the third in 14 days —lashed Sweden but the worst appeared over for the British Isles and continental Europe after a nightmarish night. Austria, counting 130 dear in snow avalanches, was still digging out with many lonely villages out olf from the outside world In the great Walser Valley. American helicopters taking off In mercy missions were hampered somewhat by high winds sweeping the mountainous ski country. Dikes Stand Holland's repaired dikes withstood their first grueling storm test since their repair after the great floods of almost a year ago. The last of 67 big dike breaches were plugged in November. Nearly 2.000 people perished when the dikes gave way on Jan. 31 and Feb. of last year. Britain's worst gales in a halt See WEATHER on J'age 8 Rhee Calls for New Deadline on Peaceful Unification of Korea By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL (AP) — President Syngman Rhee today set an April deadline for the peaceful unification of Korea and warned that "we will not sit back and wait until we are sold out." An official government spokesman later issued a statement modifying the aging President's warning. Rhee told a news conference that * * ¥ * * <(i 180 days after the start of preliml- UN to Accept PWs Only as Civilians More Rain For State Next Week By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Alternating drizzling and gushing rains which have been with Arkansans for about 36 hours may be over for the weekend, but the U. S. Weather Bureau soys more of the same is in store for the state early next week. The recent rains ushered in colder weather. The merucury was expected to skid to a low of 15 to 25 degrees in Arkansas tonight. Cloudy to partly cloudy skies and colder this afternoon and tonight was the forecast. Partly cloudy and continued cold was forecast for Sunday, with rain or freezing rain Monday. An estimated 2.40 inches of rain fell at Camden yesterday, high for the state. Other rainfall readings included Pine Bluff 2.34; Little Bock 1.46; Searcy 1.37; Walnut Ridge 1.22; Arkadelphia 1.12; Newport 1.07; Morrilton 1.02; Texar- tana .83; El Dorado ,29; Fort Smith .24; Fayettevillc and Ozark 18. Indicative of the statewide con- r" ton Is the fact that Little Rock already this month has recorded 5.77 Inches of lain — 3.31 inches above average. Explorer Club Meeting Slated For January 25 Second dinner session of Blytheville's Explorer Club will be held at Hotel Noble Jan 25 at 7 p.m., when the group will see color movies taken in Lagos, Nigeria, West Africa. Julian Qromer, a World War II Signal Corps photographer, will narrate the films which he made [n Africa. Mr. Oromer has presented programs at the Denver Museum of Natural History, Memphis' Goodwyn Institute nnd Pittsburgh's OrncRlo Institute. He's also an outboard motor fanatic, having collected 37 trophies with bli hydroplane. nary Korea peace talks last Oct 26 South Korea will be "free to take our own action—good, bad or different." This would make the deadline April 23. Rhee reiterated the 180-day wan ~ig three times during the new conference. But six hours later D Karl Hong ki, official governmer.. spokesman, said the President "die not set a definite deadline of Apri 26 for Korean unification. . ," Rhee said that even if a peaci conference convenes "I do not ex pect any gveat achievement." "Something 1 Must Be Done" Asked about the possibility tha no conference will be held, Hi ROK President replied: "I think that would automatically relieve my government of the obli gation for waiting." Rhee said he would give Alllei and Communist diplomats anothe month to "settle the time and placi for a political (peace) conference.' "I could settle it in three days,' he added. ' 'Then the political conferenci should begin right away—give it 90 days, that's 180 days in all. Aftei that, something must be done. "Our brothers are begging and pleading with us to come and help them." Twice previously Rhee has set deadlines for the peaceful unification of his country. And while he made no threats Saturday, in th past he has threatened to order hi 18 American-equipped divisions t march into Communist-held North Korea. Originally, Rhee said he would wail until Jan. 27—180 days altc he Korean armistice was signed uater he said he would wait for 90 days after the peace conference be jan before taking independent action. Cannot Walt Forever Dr. Karl's statement said: "What President Rhee was trying to point out is that we can not wait forever to free the suffering people of the North from Communisf tyranny. In doing so, he posed n lypothetical case in which three .nonths would be considered a reasonable time for the preliminary ilks and another three months, ns rovided by the armistice a pree- icnt, for the political (peace) conference itself." "Actually," Karl went on,"President Rhee specifically refused to set any definite date. The point that the President was trying to make is that once it becomes entirely clear that peaceful efforts are a failure, we must take action—with the help of our allies, we hope—to bring about unification by other means." Preliminary talks to set up a peace conference were suspended Dec. 12 after the Reds accused the United States of conniving with South Korea in the release of 27,000 anti-Red Korea war prisoners last June. Rhee told newsmen of U.N. countries: "When your soldiers came here they asked 'What the hell are we See RHEE on Pajjc 8 Report Meeting For Negro TB Drive Scheduled The final report meeting for Negro workers in the Tuberculosis Association's Christmas Seal drive will be held nt T.30 p.m. Jan. 28 in Harrison High School library, it was announced today. Awards will be presented volunteer workers by Rebecca Williams, Negro drive chairman. Prizes will be awarded the church and school reporting the greatest increase in collections and the largest amount. Two films, "Rodney" and "Let My People Live," will be shown and L. F. Jeffers will speak on "Why We Should Support the Christmas Seal Sale." The True- light Baptist Church choir will sing. In charge of the program will be A. J. Hill, chairman, and Leona Mayes and A. E. Lester. Inside Today's Courier News , . . Chlckasaws Entertain Catholic High of Memphis at Haley Field Gym Tonight . . . Blythevllle Boxers Take M Victory Over Tough Memphis VMCA Team . . . Sports . . Page 5 ... . . . Italy's Timid Conservatives In French-Style Dilemma . . . Editorial!! . . . Page 4 ... . . . Children's Pare . . . Page . . . Society News . . . Page PANMUNJAM CAP) — The U.N. Command said tonight it will accept from the Indians 22,000 unrepatriated anti- Communist war prisoners — but not on India's condition that they remain prisoners.. Gen. John E. Hull, U. N. commander, wrote the Indian Command that as of Jan. 23 the U.N. will consider the prisoners "entitled to their freedom as civilians." Hull's letter was the U.N. answer to India's decision to turn back to their captors all unrepatriated war prisoners starting next Wednesday. However, Lt, Gen. K.S. Thimayya, Indian chairman of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission, said it would be an armistice violation if either side changed the status of the POWs. The Communists were expected to oppose the Indian decision Bince they want all prisoners kept In neutral custody until a pea.ce conference decides their fate. The Allies contend that under terms of the armistice all unre- patriated POWs must be liberated as civilians at midnight next Friday. Negotiations Principle 'For the United Nations Conu mand now to agree to further and indefinitely prolonged captivity of these prisoners of war would negate the very principle of .human rights for which so many men ol this command have fought and died," Hull wrote. "Such unjust and unworthy action Is intolerable to any free people, and is obviously unthinkable." Hull's letter continued: "Return to the United Nations Command of personnel prior to Jan. 23 can only be regarded as a failure by the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission to fully discharge its duties, but this failure will in no way, It must be emphasized, affect the right of prisoners of war to become civilians at that time regardless of their physical location." Indian troops, meanwhile, completed plans for turning back the unrepatriated prisoners to the Allies and Communissls and Indian Village near here took on a holiday air. Girl Is Injured En Basketball Game at Osceola OSCEOLA — Jo Ann Barnes, 17, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Barnes of Osceoln, is in Osceola Memorial Hospital for treatment of injuries received last night in a basektball game at Kclser. X-rays were made today to determine the extent of the injury which paralyzed her back last night. The injury was reported to have occurred when she fell over the ball and other players fell on her. Hospital officials reported her to j be resting well this morning, ' Western Powers Reject Bid for UN Debate on Korea India's Plan to Recall General Assembly Dampened by Response By A. I. GOLDBERG UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Iffl— The United States with support of other big powers gave the cold shoulder today to India's proposal to recall the U.N. General Assembly Feb. 9 for debate on Korea. Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, of India, the Assembly president, had. issued the call earlier this week, asking for replies by Jan. 22. The United States said It .vyould which meant that the U. B. didn't want a session called while ths prisoner question and the Korean political comerence talks remained up in the air. The U. S. left the door open for a later meeting by addin g> it was keeping the proposal under consideration. Soviet Bloc Approves Reportedly taking the same view were Britain, Prance, Australia nnd the Netherland—all members of the U.N. Allied force In Korea. The Soviet bloc, except for Poland, went on record supporting Mrs. Pandit's plea for the resumed session. Iraq alone among the 16- nation Asian-African bloc also reported it supported the call. Secretary General Dag Ham- marskjold sent to Mrs .Pandit In New Delhi his appraisal of the Bitu- atlon through the Indian delegation. An Indian spokesman said Mrs. Pandit has given no indication when she intends to return here. The deputy Indian delegation leader, V. K. Kristin Menon, Is expected late this month. When the assembly recessed In December, it was under a resolution that it would come back If Mrs. Pandit, with the concurrence of at least 31 members, summoned it back. The U. S. answer stressed that Mrs. Pandit ought to have 31 specific yes votes to support her call, thus rejecting her condition that if a delegation made no answer its vote would be counted in support of the call. House Group Finds Southern Opposition to Ike's Plan Strong WASHINGTON lift — Members of the House Agriculture Committee returned to Washington with a strong Impression that President Elsenhower's new farm program doesn't sit very well with many 'armors in the southwest. The committee has Just com- ileted n swing through cattle, cot,on and wheat producing areas. It i.cart 150 witnesses in Enid, Okla., Waco, Tex., and Memphis. Only one—a Texas cattleman—had a ood word for the President's proposal. Elsenhower would iastall a flex- ble price support program for )astc crops in place of the fixed, ilgh-level price guarantees now in 'orce. Witnesses told the committee hey wanted no .change to flexible supports, and some even suggested boosting supports from 80 per cent of parity to 100 per cent. The President proposed a 75-90 jer cent price support range, with he level rising In times of ecar- clty to encourage production and dropping during periods of surplus o discourage production. Parity Is a price declared by aw to be fair to the farmer in rbllon to the things ho must buy. One committee member, Rep. Mclntlrt (R-Me), laid It looked n though Eisenhower's ideas are "based on a longer-term program than is generally acceptable at the farm level." But a committee Democrat, Rep. Albert of Oklahoma, was more blunt: "You can't sell lower price supports in the southwest." Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy to partly cloudy and colder this afternoon and tonight. Sunday partly cloudy and continued cold. Rain or freezing rain Monday, High this afternoon 32-45; low tonight 15-25. MISSOURI—Mostly cloudy east, decreasing cloudiness, west this afternoon, becoming partly cloudy tonight and Sunday; much colder this afternoon and tonight. Maximum yesterday—30. * Minimum this morning—M. Sunrise tomorrow—7 :C8, Sunset today—5:1*. Precipitation last 24 boun ** 7:00 a.m. today—1.09. Moan temperature fmldwmy b«tw«3 hl«h nnd low)—43. PreelpUuiUm Jim. 1 to dftte—5.31, This n.iip Last V*a? , Maximum yesterday—70, Minimum yesterday—33, *>• , Prtclpiutlon J»nuM7 1 tt 4t» Mfc

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