The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 15, 1954 · Page 1
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January 15, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, January 15, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS _ THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER fit NORTHEAST inifiucic »wr> a/-*Tr™«.»=r_ i, VOL. XLIX—NO. 252 BlythevUIe Courier Blythevllle Dally Newn Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald Old Age Plan Gets Strong Support THEDOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND BOPTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1954 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS nn T Col ) gre f s a PP e «ed set today to give delayed but enthusiast to President Eisenhower's plea for bigger benefits and more taxes under a soei, security system covering almost the entire population Seldom, in fact, has a White House message on such a vast and controversial subject produced so little vocal dissent as the program sent to the Capitol yesterday on Old Age and Survivors' Insurance. House Speaker Martin (R-Mass) gave this appraisal today: "There isn't any question but that this Congress will enact legislation substantially carrying out the President's program." A key Democratic leader, asking not to be quoted by name, said, "You can bet your bottom dollar that few Democrats will oppose It." Reed Offers Praise Chairman Reed (R-NY) praised the program and said his House Ways and Means Committee will go to work on it, probably In early March. Reed, who has fought the President on other points and who has opposed plans of past Democratic administrations to liberalize social security, introduced two bills to carry out Eisenhower's proposals One bill embraces the main proposal for extending coverage, raising benefits and increasing from S3.600 to $4,200 the individual income limit on which the 2 pel- cent social security tax would apply. The other would put into effect what is expected to be the more controversial part of the presidential program—revision of federal contributions to states for direct relief to persons not covered, including some needy aged, blind, disabled persons and dependent :hildren. Won't Become Involved Reportedly Reed divided the leg- slation so that, if opposition makes t necessary, social security expansion can be pushed without becoming involved in any fight over he welfare program. Monthly benefit increases would go to those already retired or receiving survivors' payments and in larger measure to those becom ing eligible in the future. The in creases would range from S5 to ultimately, $23.50 or more for fan illes. Coverage also would be extend ed to almost the entire workin force—10)2 million additional pel sons, including doctors, lawyer, and farmers. The like effective dale for In creased benefits to some six mil lion persons already eligible would be just before the November con gressional elections. Rep. Kean (R-NJ), a Ways and Means Committee member who specializes in social security, pre dieted today Congress would accept the President's program "sub stantially as proposed." Little Opposition Seen He foresaw little opposition to he benefit increases, or to a pro- Josal permitting retired workers o earn up to 51,000 annually and still draw social security benefits See IKE on Page 12 Efforts to Cut Barriers To Soviet Trade Grow WASHINGTON (AP) — Pressures are mounting on the Eisenhower administration to lower some of the cold war barriers so as to permit more trade between the United States and Russia and its satellites. * Many top officials responsible for international economic policy feel some decisions will have to be made fairly soon. Meanwhile, splits appear to be developing between the interests favoring trade and those wishing to maintain maximum economic pressure on the Communist bloc. The issue may come into focus upon an application by Minnesota businessman Dwayne Andreas for M'Carthy, Demos May Make Peace Senator Willing To Negotiate With Committee Members WASHINGTON W—Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and the Democrats who have boycotted his Senate investigations subcommittee. for six months are angling for a negotiated peace. McCarthy, before leaving for Boston to conduct public hearings for his all-Republican subcommittee, announced willingness to consider a relaxation of the exclusive power he has asserted to hire and fire the subcommittee's staff. The Democrats, led by Sen. McClellan (D-Ark), voiced cautious willingness for peace talks. No date was set. McCarthy told reporters that "for the first time" he now expects a n agreement will be reached, and that he wants it before the month's end. The two sides got down to cases at a closed-door meeting yesterday of the Senate Government Operations Committee, parent of the subcommittee and also headed by McCarthy. Attend Parent Group McClellan and Senators Syming- permission to export 20,000 tons of butter and 3,000 tons of cottonseed oil to Russia. These are not stra tegic materials and there is n policy barrier against them excep a general policy under which th government reserves the right t bar any exports to Russia coi trary to the security interests o the United States. Application Studied Officials said today the Andrea application is now before an in terdepartmental committee mad up of representatives of the state Agriculture and Commerce depart ments. It deals with broad issue of economic security, embracinj West trade. This, of course, is no exclusively an American problem In fact, it has been mostly an Allied problem. There are several forces press ing strongly for official sanction of greater trade with the Sovie Dnlpn and satellite countries. Thej are: 1. The development of a buyer's market — meaning a supply of goods running consistently above the demand. 2. The accumulation of vas ton (D-Mo) and Henry M. Jackson (D-Wash), the three who quit the subcommittee in a row over McCarthy's firing and hiring powers, attended. They retain membership on the parent group. McCarthy told a news conference after the meeting that: 1. The Democrats had not tried "to hamstring" the subcommittee financially 'and had joined in a unanimous vote approving his request for $200,000 of Senate funds to finance its work until Jan. 31, 1954. The request is subject to approval by the Rules Committee and the full Senate. 2. "It appears for the first time we may work out a system whereby the chairman has the right to hire a staff and fire it, and members can ask for the right to discharge individuals." McCarthy said he feels that "no one who is personally obnoxious to the minority of the committee should be retained on the staff." The Democrats quit last July after the Republican majority outvoted them and gave McCarthy the sole personnel powers he had claimed. stores of surplus agricultural commodities in the United States. 3. A slow move toward general easing of international tensions The more the Soviets make friendly gestures, the more traders everywhere tend to loo kfor business with the Soviet Onion. Strong Opposition But on the other side is a set of arguments which remains powerful and which has many adherents, especially in the State Department and probably in the Defense Department .as well. They include: 1. A major policy of the administration has been to exploit differences between the rulers and the ruled in all the Communist countries. A major source of trouble tor the Soviet leaders has been export of any large quantity of low agricultural production. The foodstuffs such as fats and oils would run contrary to D. S. policy on this point. 2. Agricultural surpluses for foreign sale, are often in effect subsidized by the government. The government would have difficulty See SOVIET on Page 12 Preliminary Sewer Cosf Estimate Is $1,000,000 25YE1R EMPLOYE — Sa. Landrum, Linotvpe operator an. ma chin i * k L, UifeC Courie. News, joined the newspaper 25 years ago today. His uninterrupted service was acknowledged by the company today. Mr. Landrum and his wife make their home at 1524 Walnut. On Bricker Amendment— Compromise Plan Offered By Kefauver Resolution Circulated To Senators WASHINGTON (AP) — A esolution circulated among Tiost senators may become he rallying point of the Ei enhower administration's at- ack on the proposed Bricker mendment to limit the gov- rnment's treaty powers. The suggested resolution was ent around to all but about 10 the 96 senators last Saturday ! Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn). Unlike the proposal by Sen. ncker (R-Ohio) and an admin- tration-backed substitute by Sene Republican Leader Knowland California, the resolution would • amend the Constitution, It ould simply put the Senate on cord as affirming certain atti- des toward treaties and their mestlo effect. It would .also re- ire a recorded roll call vote when the Senate ratifies treaties Bricker argues that an amendment to the Constitution is needed to insure that basic American liberties shall not be taken away bv treaties which, he says, might supersede--domestic law -and the. -T-j . „ M - . , -- ' -«^ ? -r i „_ • ft * ** v - " ' *•**•*. 1 , «f ^-rr~*'-! , - ' ' V - ^S i • V s t.'„,•<*' ' > "^ i ' $ i '•, « ' ; WAR GAMES IN HIGH ROCKIES - Troops clad in parkas and iki-boots fire a howitzer as part of their training for the Army's Exercise Ski Jump near Camp Hale high in the Colorado Rockies. Approximately 5,000 troops will take part in the exercises culminating March 21-27. (AP Wircphoto) Reuther Case Bogs Down in Court Delays DETROIT I/PI _ The slate's Walter Reuther murder plot case was at a virtual dead stop today, tied UP tight in a series of court de- ays. Prosecutor Gerald K. O'Brien •asn't saying what his next move would be. It was reported, how- ver, that he and associates were ooking for a way to facilitate ex- radition from Canada of Donald Ritchie, the reluctant ace witness. Considering all the possible in- ernatlonal legal ramifications, it night be weeks before Ritchie ould be brought back over the Detroit River neighboring from Windsor, Ont. His hearing is set or Jan. 21 in Windsor. Courts here and in Windsor yes- erday deferred the cases of two o-defendants, Carl Rcnda, 35, and larence Jacobs, 48. Rcnda's was put over until in. 29 and Jacobs' until Jnn 22 rosccutor O'Brien vainly sough three-month continuance of Ren ay's case. Meanwhile, there Kim was n ord on the whereabouts of th issing Santo (Sam) Pen-one, 56 thcr-in-law of Renrla and also a fendant. Joe DiMaggio, Marilyn Monroe Wed in 'Frisco Congressional Highlights- SAN FRANCISCO Maggio, the former — Joe Dl- New York Yankee Clipper, has carried off his . Hollywood lovely, Marilyn Monroe, ;• leaving millions of fans wondering what will happen to her movie career. They were married in Municipal Court here yesurday after a two- year romance. The ceremony was to have been sc..-et. But an estimated 500 persons heard about It and Jammed the corridors. Municipal Judge Charles S Peery, who performed the brief ceremony, said plaintively, "I forgot to kiss the bride. And I'm •orry." But Joe kLwed Marilyn rcpented- ly, If somewhat bashfully, f or news photographer!. WASHINGTON I* — The warm reception given to President Elsen- hower's social security proposals by both Democratic and Republican lawmakers indicates smooth passage through Congress. The President yesterday recommended a six-point program, Including extension of' benefits to another lO'/ 2 million people, bigger monthly payments and other liberalizations. St. Lawrence—A possible filibuster confronts the Senate as Sen. John Marshall Butler (R-Md) sets himself to speak "at great length" against the proposed St. Lawrence seaway project. Meanwhile, Senate backers of legislation to authorize U. S. participation with Canada In building the seaway claim growing strength and ultimate victory. The Issue cuts across party lines. Salaries—A special commission set up by Congress recommends that senators and House members vote themselves a, S12.500-a-yeai pay raise. They now get S15.000 a year. The commission, reporting to Pre siden t Eisenhower, also urges substantial salary boosts for federal judges. House program—Speaker Martin and Republican committee chairmen line up legislative program for the House, which so far this session' has been marking time. Information—A Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee questions Theodore C. Slrelbert, head of the new U. S. Information Agency, about how the government's over- sens Information-propaganda program has been running. Air academy—The House Armed Services Committee may approve establishment of a separate acad- my to prepare professional olfi- :era for the Air Force. danger- No Public Response President Eisenhower has said Bricker's proposal would hamper his conduct of foreign affairs while agreeing that no treaty should contravene domestic law. There has been no public response to Kefauver's resolution idea from his colleagues. But administration forces are watching carefully for signs that it might break a deadlock on the highly emotional issue. Compromise efforts are still going on. Bricker had a date today with Atty. Oen. Brownell and Sen Ferguson (R-Mich), chairman of the Senate epublican Policy Committee, at the Justice Department. Time Is running out on the compromise attempts, {joing on now for about three weeks without success. The Bricker proposal is scheduled as the Senate's next ma- >r business. Knowland said last night: "It is he firm judgment of the entire Republican leadership of the Senate that further efforts should be made to work out an area agreement." With the administration backln Knowland's proposed amendmei md Bricker standing firm on h anguage, the impasse has di leep into Republican unanimity •ith Democrats generally watcl ng in silence. May Be Rallying- Point It is for these practical and str. egic reasons that the admlnistrr ion reportedly looks favorably, not too optimistically, on the re olutlon idea. As one administri lion aide put it: "The resolutlo may become a rallying point. I is certainly preferable to th Bricker amendment and some thing has to be done." The resolution would be, at it- strongest, a stern message from the Senate as to how it feels abou treaty making In brief, it provides that "re vered and historic principles ar solemnly affirmed." The stated principles are that: (1) no treat can override the Constitution, (2 Congress can pass laws to alter the domestic effects of any treaty (3) U. S. courts can throw out any Lional, (4) the federal governmen must have the right to make treat es, and (5) the Senate can attach reservations in ratifying a treaty so as to make its domestic effect- depend on congressional enactment of a law. The resolution closely parallels Knowland's proposal. But it appeared to take a big step backward from provisions in Bricker's neasure which would (1) require egislatlon to make a treaty effec- ive as domestic law and (2) give Congress regulatory powers over xecutlve agreements. Wyatt Hits Senate Acreage Split Plan A Senate plan for division of increased cotton acreage as attacked by the president of Mississippi County's Farm Bureau in Memphis yesterday when he appeared before a touring House Agriculture Committee. KOK Army Is 8 Years Old TAEGU, Korea W)—The Repub- Ic of Korea army Is eight years Id today and grown to 18 combat Ivlslons from a small regiment of onstabulary. The goal Is 20 divisions—240.000 ombat soldlern plus service troops. The army observed Iff nnnlvcr- ary with ceremonies »nd a parade. the 65-40-50 plan, Mis- County would receive onb Jditional acres of the 284,00 which would go to Arkansas." Bil -Wyatt, county Farm Bureau head told the group. "This simply isn't enough to d any good. We are an up-trenc county just, as California is an up trend state and we feel we are Justly entitled to any up-trend acreage," Mr. Wyatt told the group The 65-40-50 formula to which Mr. Wyatt referred is on which provides that each fanner may have at least 65 per cent of his average cotton plantings of the past three years, or 40 per cent of the largest planting of the three-year period. But neither figure could exceed 50 per cent of total cropland. Under this formula, Mr. Wyatt told the Congressmen, Arkansas would get 284,000. of which 181.0UJ acres would go for these so-called hardship cases." The remainder would be parcelled out to the counties, giving Mississippi County only about 12,000 acres —or about a fourth of what could be expected on a production basis. Asks Historical Basis Here's what Mr. Wyatt recommended to the group: "1. Any increase over 17.9 million acres be allotted to 'he states on an historical basis. "2. After 10 per cent is taken out for hardship cases, the remainder be distributed to the counties on an histoi'ical basis. "3. The County Agriculture Stabilization .and Conservation (formerly PMA) committee be authorized to allocate the acreage on either an historical or cron land factor basis, whichever will serve the farmers of that county to the best advantage and thereby cause the least hardship on anyone. "4. We would further suggest that the County Committee be given more leeway in handling cases in their county. "We have the greatest confidence that our county committee, given a proprated share of the total acreage and the authority, is fully capable of best knowing, .and meeting the needs of the people." Mr. Wyatt told the group that of Mississippi County's 82,000 people, more than half are living In rural areas and depend directly on farming. Bulk of the remainder, said, depends on farm income indirectly. Cites' Population "We are more densely populated than most cotton-producing sec- Both Revenue Bond And Improvement Districts Suggested DI ,,. F .™ liminar y P Ian s for a $1,000,000 sewer system foi Blytheville were outlined for the City Council and the A .r u e £ Commerc e Sewer Committee last night by Maj A- Mehlburger, Little Rock consulting engineer who is making a re-survey of the sity's sewer needs. As described by Mr. Mehlburger, the new plan involves several technical changes from the survey results submitted in June, 1951, by Black and Veatch, Kansas City engineering firm, and trims some $300,000 from the estimated cost. The new plan and the cost estimates submitted last night, Mr Mehlburger pointed out, are preliminary data. His survey is expected to be completed in about three weeks or in time for the final results to be submitted to the Feb. 9 session of the City Council. Meanwhile, the Council and the Chamber's Sewer Committee ar« icheduled to meet next week to discuss the new proposal and contemplate the next step in what has been the city's top problem for the past four years. Although the preliminary report showed that a. sewer system could be constructed here for a million dollars, the knotty problem sf a financing method remained just as big a bone of contention as t has been all along .ions and are having to let a lot of our tenants and sharecroppers Kti because we just don't have enough cotton to give them a liv- ng wage. "We sincerely believe Mississippi County will suffer greatly under this proposed set-up," he said. Mr. Wyatt pointed out that many Drm " iatures of the increased acreage both James Womeldorf of Womeldorf* nd Lindscy, Little Rock bond firm etained by the city for financing assistance in the sewer problem nd Mr. Mehlburger both suggested combined revenue bond and im- rovement district method. The city't debt capacity is not arge enough to handle a $1,300,000 utlay such as would be necessitated y the Black and Veatch plan, Mr. fomeldorf said However, it could and a $1,000,000 debt, he said. Finding an equitable method of ssesslng sewer system users is still he big^ question," he said and •ited these reasons for suggesting combined revenue bond-lmpro- ement district plan: (1) No bond buyer would take ,0000,000 worth of investment dls- ict bonds at a reasonable rate of iterest since a better "security" han tax leins on property Is nece- ary. (2) It Is doubtful that property wners in now unsewered area ould agree to the high service large that would have to be asses- d them if only revenue bonds were Could Cain Later Under the combination plan sug- sted, the Installation of a "back- ne" system would be installed In e now-sewered areas with a reve- e bond issue. Unsewered areas the north and south ends of the y would have laterals installed setting up improvements dist- ts for each of the two sections. In this manner, they said. Hie main system could be built and the northern and southprn area could >lans. especially that advanced b he Senate, are more objectionabl han the 17.9 million acre figur et by Secretary of Agricultur Ezra Benson. Many farmers, he said, feel th 117.9 million acres would brin; about a better market for cottor while the 21 or 22 million acr figure would mean more produc lion, a fairly low price and, unde the Senate plan, but very little in increased acreage for Mlssisslpp See WYATT on Page 12 House Agri Committee Completes Survey MEMPHIS (AP) - The House Agriculture Committee flies back a Washington today, briefcases loaded with "grassroots" opinion anc a. potential Republican headache. The GOP members obviously were worried about strong oppo- Itlon to the major plank in President Elsenhower's proposed farm irogram—flexible price supports. At present, the price level is a igid 80 per cent of parity, a formula designed to fix a "fair' rice for basic crops. More than anything else, the arlty Issue popped up In testimony in some 20 committee hear- ngs held during a 20,000 - mile our which ended here yesterday. "Steadier Return" On the flexible scale, price oors would be lowered when fuir- - luses develop and raised In time ' shortages. The president said the end relit of such a, progrnm would as- ure farmers of "a higher and eadler financial returii"—a vlew- olnt which ran Into sharp fikep- clsm. Rep. E. C. Oathings (D-Arlc) re- ccted the blithe Democratic at- tude by predlctlnR the flexible arlty Issue hasn't n chnncc. Hep. C, B. Hocvcn (R-Iowa), acllng chairman at the Memphis hearing, noted that sentiment seemed to be divided on a geographical basis. The New England area, where relatively few of the basic protected crops are grown, favored flexible parity. There was favorable comment in California, too. Solid Opposition But, going by testimony, there appeared to be solid opposition in the farm belts of the west, mid- west, south, southwest and mid- south, The widely-held farm opinion, as outlined yesterday by H. C. Braccy vice president of the Missouri Colon Producers Association: Farmers are entitled to firm pro- ectlon ns long as there is & brace under other sections of the econo- uy, such ns "the minimum wage law, tax writeoffs for Industry, tnrlffs and numerous camouflaged subsidies." High level supports now apply join it later if they did not choose to do so immediately. When property owners in these areas formed improvement districts, they would nay both the costs of Installation of the system In their sections and sewer charges. Mr. Womeldorf estimated that In the area now having sewers, the sewer charge would be about 80 per cent of the property owner's water bill based on average wintertime consumption. This would be for the "backbone" system and if the two improvement districts were formed so that added sewr charge revenue were provided, either the bonds could he retired quicker (thus savlne Interest costs) or the sewer charges reduced. In general, the now sewered area is the center section of the cit; running from east to west plu Sewer District Four in Pride and lateway Subdivisions. The new plan does not Include Sewer District Four, which already has new mains and laterals, except to provide for movement of the sewage 'rom this area through a trunk Ine to a treatment plant. Would Help Hospital A rough description of the areas i which improvement districts would be formed would cover the irea north of Park Street to the lorthern city limits with the exception of the high school and one undeveloped area. To the south, the unsewered area See SEWER on Page 12 Efforts Fail To Revive Truce Talks Both Allies, Reds Refuse To Budge PANMUNJOM (AP) — Efforts to revive the stalled preliminary Korean peace 'talks remained at dead center today and both the Allies and Communists insisted they would never modify conditions for returning to the conference table. Liaison secretares adjourned for the weekend after scribed by Edwin Department China sesson de- Martin, state specialist as to the basic crops under production control—cotton, w.heat ( rice, corn, tobacco and peanuts. Inside Today's Courier News BIyth«TlUe Boxers Meet Mem- Ms YMCA at Legion Auditorium onight .... Chicks Prepare for athollc Hljfh of Memphis Tomorrow Night . . . Sports . . . page 6 and . . . rlsmhimtr's Farm Program Kcvlewrd . . . Farm News . . . pages 8 ami I) . . . , . . Britain Seems to Hold Key In EDC's Yenr «f Decision. . . Editorials ... page 4 ... . N«»» of Men In the Service . . . The Report Card . . . News of Your City Schools .... page 2 ... "3'/ 4 hours of each side advocatlne its position." The United States asked to meet tomorrow, but the Reds asked a recess until Monday. Martin insisted that certain Red remarks be stricken from the record before the preliminary talks :an resume. The Communists re- orted that they would discuss only a date for reopening negotiations broken off Dec. 12. They also rejected again Martin's request that the secretaries confer In secret. North Korean Liaison Secretary Ju Man Sun, spokesman for the Communists at Panmunjom, proposed for the second day that preliminary talks resume Saturday. He said that if the U. N. did not agree, it should name another date. Texts Distributed Red newsmen distributed texts of his statement, in which he said: "Representatives of our side have made it unmistakably clear what liaison secretaries of the two sides shoud discuss and decide upon is the date for resumption of discussions." The Communist delegates, ac- Sce TRUCE on Page 12 Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with occasional rain and a few thundershowers this afternoon, tonight and Saturday; turning much colder Saturday and in the extreme northwest tonight with rain changing freezing rain or snow extreme northwest late tonight and over most of north and west central portions Saturday. MISSOURI — Cold wave enter. ng northwest portion this after, noon and overspreading north por- ion tonight with a sharp change o colder reaching southwest por- ion tonight and southeast Satur. day; rain or drizzle this afternoon hanging to snow west and north portions tonight and to snow or freezing rain southeast portion Saturday. Minimum yesterday—50. Minimum this morning—41. Sunrise tomorrow-7:06. Sunset loday—3:13. Pn-clpluuton Iftst 24 hours to 7:00 . m. today—1.74. Moan temperature (midway between high ona low)—48.3. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—43) This Date Lift Year Maximum yesterday—65, Minimum yesterday—40. Precipitation January 1 to dat»—2,31.

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