BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 251 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY, 14, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Ike Presents Security Plan Seeks Increased Benefits In Social Welfare Program WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower propose bringing 10 million more Americans under social securit. increasing benefits all along the line, and raising to $4,2C the amount of income subject to social security taxes. " Boosting to $4,200 the amount o income subject to social securii taxes, as Eisenhower propose* would mean an immediate $12 year tax increase for workers earn ing that much or more. Employers' payrolls would als • • • be increased that amount for eae II Jl «•* I j*f 4- worker in the $4,200 a year brack •Via V I GST ci or above * "*• f * **•** At present, the first $3.600 income is taxed. The rate this yea went up to 2 per cent. It had bee \V 2 per cent on worker and em ployer. Average Benefit $50 In a special message to Congres the President said the averag benefit payment to retired workei is now $50 a month, with a rnin mum of 525 and a maximum of $86 For social security to "fulfill its purpose of helping to combat dest tution, these benefits are too low, Eisenhower said. Both the maximum and min mum should be increased, he sale but proposed no figures. A formul Bricker Plan Test President Eisenhower Could Lose Some Prestige By JACK BELL WASHINGTON ( A P ) President Eisenhower's e f forts to tone down Sen. Brick ' er's amendment to limit trea ty-making powers pointed him today toward a critical test o his strength in 'Congress. The weight of political opinion here seemed to be that if Eisen hower fails to convince enoug! OOP lawmakers that the Ohio Re publican's proposal is bad, he ma suffer a defeat that would dilut his prestige and perhaps threaten major segments of his legislative program. Bricker at one time ha enough avowed support in the Sen ate to put his amendment across. Democrats said privately they Intend to sit out, for the time be ing, the backstage battle ove: Bricker's proposal to amend thi Constitution to (1) spell out tha treaties should not override domes tic law and (2) give Congress pow er to regulate executive agree ments not submitted to the Senate for ratification. Aimed at Democrats An influential Democratic sena tor, who asked not to be quoted by name, said he is not averse t letting the Republicans cut each other up politically on the issue. He said it seemed obvious the Bricker amendment had been aimed originally at a Democratic president and that some GOP members were embarrassed nov that a Republican was in the White House, adding: "If Atty. Gen. Brownell and Secretary of State Dulles can't keep the Republicans lined up on the President's side, then maybe we Democrats will have to step into the breach later to save Eisenhower and the country." Brownell and Dulles have been negotiating with Bricker in an effort to get the Ohioan to modify his amendment, adoption of whicl they contend would hamstring the President's authority to deal with other nations. Backed by Bar Bricker has stuck to his guns, aided by strong backing from the American Bar Assn. and a write- in campaign. Some senators said they are receiving as many as 200 letters a day urging approval of his proposal. Ern'nent lawyers disagree as to whether it is true, as Bricker contends, that basic guarantees in the U. S. Constitution could be whittled away by international treaties. Some lawmakers say there is See CONGRESS on Page 3 Barnes Again Heads Semo Peace Officers CARDTHERSVILLE, Mo. — An estimated 175 officers attending the Southeast Missouri Law Enforcement Officers Association meeting voted yesterday afternoon to re-elect the same slate of officers for 1954 to head the organization. The association meeting at the American Legion Hall here, voted to keep the following officers: Jack Barnes, president; W. W. Chism. first vice president; H. H. Platt, second vice president; Paul Long, third vice president; Bill Brent, sereeant-at-arms; W. C. Brooks, secretary-treasurer. The next quarterly meeting of the association will be in April. Repairs Close School 2nd Day A second holiday for Sudbury Grade School students materialized today because workmen will not be able to complete heating plant repairs as soon as originally expected. Scheduled to have been closed today, the school also will be closed tomorrow, r-Mrrtlnt! to 'he superintendent of sc'iiols office Classei will resume Monday, on that will be presented later b; Secretary of Welfare Hobby, h told legislators. The President set forth a six point program for "improvement of the social security system. 1. Expansion of insurance pro tection to about ten million mor people not presently covered—in eluding self employed farmers many more farm workers and do mestic workers; doctors, dentist lawyers, architects, accountants and other self employed, profes fesional people; members of state i local retirement systems am clergymen, on a voluntary basis and several smaller groups. Liberalize Qualifications 2. Liberalization of the presen "retirement test" to permit re Lired workers to earn more at reg ular parttime jobs without dis qualifying themselves for social se curity benefits. At present, a man or woman over 65 years of age, and under 75, cannot draw social securit; jayments if earnings are more ;han S75 a month. Similarly, widow of an insured worker loses her payment if she takes a job and earns more than $75 a month 3. The increase in the monthly benefits which Secretary Hobby is See IKE on Page 3 Airliner Crashes; 16 Killed ROME f.7) — A smoking four-engine Philippines Airline plane crashed and exploded in the popu- ous outskirts of Rome today anc all 16 persons aboard were killed. The big DC6 hit a vacant lot not ar from a big apartment building. tt was coming in for a landing on a flight from Beirut, Lebanon, one eg in its regularly scheduled trip rom Manila to London. An eyewitness said the left engines were >moklng as it approached Ciarn- pino airport outside Rome. It ap- reared to e heading for the build- ng, then banked and plunged into he lot -vith a tremendous roar. Among the seven passengers board was the airline's European manager, Royal R. Jordan, a na ive of Boston who has lived in Rome several years. The pilot— hief of the nine-man crew aboard —was Ira Broome of Caro, Mich., iead pilot of the airline. The co- itlot was identified as William Rose of Alton, 111., who friends aid lived with his wife in Eome. drs. Rose reportedly is expecting . baby. It was the first fatal accident in he airline's international opera- ion. The Philippine Airline was iven a safety award last October t an International air conference. Airline officials said the cause f the crash was as yet unknown, investigation was launched 1m- nediately. The officials speculated he pilot chose to plunge his smok- ng plane into the open field rather ten crash into the crowded apart- nent buildings nearby. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Blytheville Boxers Face Memphis VMCA Tomorrow Night . . . Charles lo Get Heavyweight Title Bout . . . Sports . . . pages 4 and 5 ... Union Leaders Puzzled by Desire for Profits Editorials . page 6 ... . . . City's "Petllcoal Potentates" Hold Political, Professional Positions; Own and Operate Shops Society News . . . page Comics and Television Schedule* . page 13 Opinion Differs Greatly on Extent Of Juvenile Delinquency Here By GEORGE .ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) How bad is the juvenile delinquency problem in Blytheville? This question recently has evoked considerable comment, speculation, difference of opinion and just plain rumor. The question apparently revolves around the definition of the word "crisis." The Rev. J. H. Melton, pastor nf Calvary Baptist Church, has taken issue with a statement made last week by county officials that "there is no crisis in juvenile delinquency in Blytheville." County officials yesterday declined to comment further, thus reaffirming their view that no crisis exists. (Both the Rev. Mr. Melton and the officials pointed out that they had no desire to start a controversy over the matter.) The seriousness of the juvenile situation is not denied, but as one it, delinquency is an problem throughout official put ever-present the nation and even the slightest amount of it is serious. As to whether the problem in Blytheville constitutes "crisis, " the Thimayyato Return POWs to Captors PANMUNJOM (AP) — Indian Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya announced today that India's custodial troops will return unrepatriated Korean War prisoners to their Allied and Communist captors next Wednesday morning — nearly three days before their scheduled release as civilians. In letters to the Red and Allied * commands, Thimayya said India acting alone,, would return the captives—as prisoners, not civilians— "as the only correct and lawful and peaceful course open." Indian troops hold in Korea's demilitarized zone more than 22,000 North Koreans and Chinese who were captured by the Allies and who have refused to return to their Red-ruled homelands, and 21 Americans, 1 Briton and 325 South Koreans who refused repatriation from Red captivity. "Final Say" An Indian spokesman said Thimayya's move was the Indian command's "final say" and did not need the approval of the five-na- Jon Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission (NNRC), headed by Thimayya. Both the Swiss and Swedish delegates to the commission objected ;o parts of the Indian general's letter, but both agreed to returning :he prisoners. Poland and Czechoslovakia, the, commission's two Iron Curtain members, presumably stood firm be held until a peace conference settles their fate. The Communist Peiplng radio called this a "mandatory provision" of the armistice. The Allies contend that the armistice calls for the POWs to re- /ert automatically to civilian itatus at midnight Jan. 22, when hey must be released. Returned As Captives Thimayya stressed that India vas returning the captives as pris- iners, not civilians. He warned both commands that if they change heir status they will "not be in :onformity" with the armistice. Thimayya said the NNRC inter- nets the armistice agreement to nean that the two commands cannot free the prisoners, once they ire returned, until all have i-e- :elved explanations and the peace conference has discussed the fu- ure of the nonrepats—or both commands agree otherwise. His letter asked the Allies nnd Reds to accept returned prisoners at 9 a.m. Wednesday at the northern and southern boundaries of he demilitarized zone. Both sides were asked to reply by Saturday. An Indian spokesman said the wo commands were asked wheth- they are prepared to receive he POWs, not whether they agree vith the Indian move to pull out Sec POW'S on Page 3 Liaison Officers Fail to Reopen Korean Talks Agree to Meet Again Tomorrow To Discuss Matter PANMtlNJOM (f?)— Allied and Communist liason officers met today in an effort to get the stalled preliminary Korean peace taf&s go- only Branch Revenue Dffice Opened At Manila branch office of the State ue Departmcn' is now open n Manila for renewals of itomo- ile li. ises and . rivers licensi-s, ccorc. - to inforr-.ation " m the Revenue Office here. The Manila office is located In le City Hal; and will operat' the emainder of this month a con- eniencc to people living in the Vestern part of Mississippi Coun- y. Only renewals -' licenses will ; handled by the branc 1 - office, a new license is needed, the wner of the vehicle must make pplication at tr ">.lytheville of- ce. ing again, but they agreed to try again tomorrow. D. s. State Department official Kenneth Young said the meetings might continue "for a week or so." The Commun'st proposed that the talks to set UTJ a peace conference '5 Saturc ; -v and flaW.v, retyped, <r. di .L. ,• o:,,uiti--:s jo-, the discussions. The Reds also turned down D. N. suggestion that the liason meetings be secret. U. S. envoy Arthur H. Dean broke off the preliminary talks Dec. 12 when the Communist accused the United. States of conniving with South Korea in the release of 27,. 300 anti-Communist Korean War Prisoners. Dean said he would return to the conference table only after the Communist party withdrew their charge of perfidy. Communist newsmen said the U. N. Command sought today to have the accusation stricken from the record as a prerequisite to resuming the preliminary talks. The Red Liason officers reportedly refused to discuss it. The Communist Peiping radio has insisted repeatedly that the peri- fidy charge never would be retracted an that Red liason officers would discuss .only a time for resumption of the preliminary talks. Young talked with newsmen aftei liafion officers' session adjourned for the day. "Visibility was zero when we drove up here this morning," he said as he watched big wet snowflakes drift down on this bleak village. "Whether the visibility will be any better tomorrow or the overcast will lift preceptibly, I don't know at the moment." Young said Edwin Martin, the U. N. Command representative, "proposed to discuss several condition: and aspects of the record of previous talks and how they could be handled and corrected." The State Department official declined to elaborate, but it was apparent the U. N. Command wanted retraction or modification of the Communist perfidy charge. Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON Wi—The House Ways antl Means Committee today approved sharp cuts In personal income taxes on income from dividends. Experts said the revenue loss would be 240 million dollars the first year and up to one billion when the program takes full effect. divergence of opinion 1» consld' erable. J The Rev. Mr. Melton said the number of school-age boys and girls not enrolled in school, violations of the child labor law and the extent of sexual delinquency in the cits are indicative of an existing crisis • • • RECORDS of the Juvenile Court show that more cases were broughi before the court in December than in any month in recent years anc that the number of cases in 1953 more than doubled the figure for 1952. Sixty-five cases were placed the docket during the last yeai with 24 of those coming in December, which only 24 cases were entered during 1052. However, the number of cases filed is not a true indication of th» extent of delinquency since all cases, including those involving dependent children as well as those summoned on delinquency charges, are entered on the docket. Records of the court for the past few years also indicate the seasonal nature of the problem here. The incidence of delinquency has been greater during the winter months of December, January and February when unemployment is usually highest here. The adult crime rate here for many years also has followed this pattern. CONCERNING school attendance, records from the office of County School Supervisor John Mayes show that during the 1952-53 school year (records for the present school year are not available) Blytheville enrollment, both white and Negro, totaled 4,465. The 1952 school census showed 4,840 boys and girls of school age residing In the district. For the entire county,, the figures show 18,872 are enrolled in public schools out of 22,307 children of school age. This means 375 school-age children in Blytheville and 3,435 in the entire county were not enrolled in school during that year. All of these children, however, are not necessarily liable under state law to attend school. , -'."While the school census includes reop.)»irig ih-Ipersons through 17 years of age, Arkansas 1 a w makes attendance compulsory only for children through the age of 15 or until completion of the eighth grade. It also makes exceptions for physically or mentally handicapped and, on approval of the county supervisor, for children supporting widowed mothers. Further, the enrollment figures listed above do not include parochial schools. ON THE question of school attendance, Mr. Mayes said yesterday, the trend in recent years of increased enrollments in the coun- Thorough Review Said Needed For Army to Meet Contingencies WASHINGTON (/Pi — The Army •as told today it needs two new lajor commands and n thorough verhaul of Its supply and training ystems to meet the long pull tests peace, half-war or another world onlllct. A committee composed of four isinessmen and one general also illed for strcnghtcmng the au- lorlty of the secretary of the Arty and protecting it against ab- orptlon by the secretary of de- inse and his staff. Reporting to Secretary of the rmy Robert T. Stevens, the com- Hte.c Rimed lt,s strongest crltl- sms nnd its major roconv Tnda- ons at the Army's supply system and technical services. It characterized their direction as sometimes "confusing" and their authority as often "diluted" to such point that these services would be inadequate In the event of another full-scale mobillmtlon. The report specifically called for creation of a third assistant secretary of the Army, for financial management, a second vice chief of staff, for supply, and establH- ment of a continental Army command and a supply command. The committee also sought to restore and clarify some-of the Army fCorMnry's authority under the unified Defense Department, Big Four Deadlocked Over Site for Meeting NATURE'S BOW IN STERN WEATHER — Walter Bienicki, crewman of the "Republic Pittsburgh," a tanker carrying a half- million gallons of gasoline, hacks away at her ice-covered bow after arriving two hours late at Milwaukee on a Lake Michigan journey in rough weather and sub-zero temperatures (rom Blue Island, 111. (AP Wircphoto) Solon Says Farm. Plan Tainted with. Politics WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. EUender (D-La) said to- lay President Eisenhower's proposed new farm program is 'tainted with politics." The proposal would result in low- •r price supports for cotton, wheat, corn and other products, Ellender said in an interview, but would continue present high supports for ohacco, promise them for wool hroug 1 - a new direct subsidy, and nake no change for dairy products. "It iooka like someone figured ty despite the fact that the cens has shown a decreasing number of school-age children indicates that the gap Is continually being narrowed. Regarding truancy, Mr. Mayes pointed out that several experiments had been made in various school districts in the county with attendance officers and stated he hopes a county-wide plan can be worked out in the near future. Blytheville never has had an attendance officer, though state law has authorized one since 1874. The Kev. Mr. Melton contends in his statement that the child labor law, prohibiting employment of a child under 16 "in any occupation injurious to the health or morals," is not being enforced in Blytheville. He states "much of the delinquency here can be traced to places where young people are employed—especially the drive-ins where the young teen-age girls are car-hops." HE ALSO says that sexual delin- 'Ut votes In planning this pro;ram," Ellender added. Eisenhower told his news coherence yesterday he is certain the irogrnm is the right one, although ie added its political feasibility s yet to be determined. Predicts Defeat The President also said he does iot regard himself as too smart 'Olitically but is confident that n hift from rigid to flexible farm price supports will help farmers and the nation's prosperity. With a congressional battle mounting over the new farm proposals, Ellender predicted the Senate Agriculture Committee will line up 10-5 against it. He Is the senior Democrat on the group. * * * Any such division might make it difficult for the President's congressional leaders to get action at this session. Chairman Hope <R- Kan) and other members of the House Agriculture Committee have shown little enthusiasm for the proposals. Chairman Aiken (R-Vt) of th< Senate committee declined direc comment on Ellender's forecast ex cept to say he expects member to "keep an open mind" until they learn the facts. The committei opens hearings Monday. Sen. Younff Agrees Most of the Democrats and sev era! Republicans on the farm com mittee have announced (hey favo extending the present rigid 90 pel cent price supports on cotton, corn wheat, tobacco, peanuts and ric that expire with this year's crops Eisenhower proposed a flexible system of price supports ranging from 90 to 75 per cent of parity a price declared by law to give farmers a fair return. Governmen price pegs would be lowered in Sec FARM on Page 3 * * * But U.S. Feels Southern Lawmakers Seek to Alter Cotton Bil WASHINGTON (AP) — Southern lawmakers mapped strategy today to get a cotton acreage allotment bill more to their liking than the new Senate measure. The southerners much prefer features of a House bill passed last year. Since the two bills differ materially, both have been referred to a Conference Committee to reconcile the differences. The southerners hope they can prevail upon the Conference Committee to draft a final bill embodying some features of the House measure .which was built along quency among Blytheville youths is alarming, stating that the onv.iron- — - - - ment of the "hang-ouls" in which I lines of permanent legislation, teen-agers gather "fosters all kinds The Senate bill would set 21.- of delinquency —Immorality, alcoholism and gambling." While attributing some responsibility to public schools and churches, the Rev. Mr. Melton says the problem is basically parental, and See JUVENILE on Page 3 Sewer Report Is Scheduled For Tonight Report of a new survey of Ely- Seville's sewer needs may be heard by City Council and the Chamber of Commerce Sewer Committee tonight. Miyor E. R. Jackson said today .trt he has tentatively scheduled i meeting for 7:30 tonight to hear i report by Max Mehlniirger, Llt- Ic Rock engineer who has nearly 'Inlshed a sewer survey here. However, Mayor Jackson pointed out, Mr. Mehlburgcr ^.tld ne >vould be here only if weather conditions permit. At .noon today, Mayor Jackson had not heard from the engineer and therefore assumed he would ihow up tonight. A similar meeting was set for Monday night but was postponed vhen Icy ro-irls prevented Mr. Mchlburger team making the trip. 379,000 acres as the maximum area cotton farmers can plant to cotton this year. The House bill would put the figure at 22 J /a million acres. Where the House bill would divide the acreage among the states on the basis of past plantings, the Senate bill gives some additional acreage to western states. Historic Plantings The House bill provides that acreage should be apportioned ' to counties on the basis of historic plantings. Allotments then would go to individual growers on the basis of historic plantings or in the proportion of the county's cotton acres to its total cropland. The Senate bill, however, provides that a big chunk of the .acreage allotted to states shall be allocated among growers so that each will have the larger of (1) G5 per cent of his average cotton plantings the past three years or (2) 40 per cent of the largest of the three years. No farmer could have a cotton allotment more than 50 per cent of his total cropland. What the southerners principally want Is to have written Into permanent law the provision that county allotments could be divided among growers cither on the basis of past plantings or the cropland factor. The southerners' first preference Is division on the basis of past plantings. They maintain that lo many counties the cropland factor is so low that many farmers woulc be held to very low allotments even though they have had a long history of larger acreages. House Agri Group Hears Controls Hit MEPHIS Agriculture (/PI— A louring House Committee was told today present federal cotton acre .ge controls would work new hardships on the tenant farmer and seriously impair the economy of the south's cotton-growing areas. Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee farmers appeared before the committee hearing. W. J. Denton , of Wilson, Ark., presenting the Arkansas farmers' case, told the House group a flexible price system would not work. "Past history has been that without acreage controls the farmer has increased his acreage as the price goes down (to make up for his lowered profits). If acreage controls are In effect, then lower price support serves no useful purpose except to lower the income of the producer." Denton urged that the federal government, step up acilon toward exporting more cotton abroad. "Special effort should be made," he said, "toward removing numerous Impediments affecting the export of agricultural commodities such as tariff barriers, complicat- customs procedures, import quotas and various forms of spec- legislation designed to shield wtleulnr American producers rom Ihe Impact of foreign com- )CtlUon," As Scheduled BERLIN (AP) — The Big Four foreign ministers' conference bumped into a deadlock today — 11 days before the parley was due to start. Unable to agree on sites in Berlin for the parley, Allied and Russian representatives asked their home governments what to do. A State Department spokesman In Washington said the United States did not believe the deadlock would postpone the conference beyond the Jan. 25 target opening date, but there was speculation in political circles here that the Russians were preparing to torpedo the meeting. Despite the glum outlook, there was no indication of any change in plans of U.S. Secretary of State Dulles to arrive here Jan. 22 for pre-conference talks, with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault. Reports from the East indicated Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov still is expected Jan. 23. 37 Hours of Wrangling A senior Allied official here Bald ;he past week's four meetings of Berlin commandants of the four powers involved 37 hours of Wrangling and were a "waste of time." The State Department spokesman In Washington charged the Russians with employing "haggling and dilatory tactics on procedural points" but expressed hope this would "not stand in the way of this very important conference that can mean so much to the peace of the world." The Moscow radio already has •j'lQti taking pot uhota at the West in connection with the conference and the Moscow press has been serving notice that the Soviet Union will not yield in its views on the issues which will confront the foreign ministers. Western officials and commentators have been just as skeptical of the Russian intentions. The four powers are due to discuss the future of Germany and Austria, but the Soviet Union la expected to bring up other proposals, such as a five-power "peace conference" with Red China attending. An American spokesman gave this version of the backing and filling which led up to the deadlock In the talks of the three Western commandants with Soviet representative Sergei Dengin: Come On To My House The Americans, British and French first proposed that the conference be held in the presently unused Allied Control Authority Building in the American sector of Berlin. It housed the occupation administration of Berlin until four- power control broke down. The Russians replied that their See BIG FOUR on Page 3 Polio Fund Raising Set Solicitations Here To Begin Tuesday March of Dimes volunteer work- 3rs will begin their solicitation in the business district of Blytheville Tuesday, in an effort aimed at raising a goal of 56,500 in the city. The contributions collected .in Blytheville will go into the quota for Mississippi County, which is set at $20,000. The funds raised in the county will be split with one-third used or polio prevention program involving research and testing ol gamma-globulin and the remainder divided equally between the county chapter and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with occasional rain and slowly rising temperatures this afternoon and tonight. Friday, cloudy to partly cloudy and slightly warmer. High today upper 30s to 44; low tonight 30-38. .•MISSOURI — Cloudy this after- loon and tonight with freezing rain or drizzle east and south portions changing to vain south portion to- lay. Maximum yesterday—36. Minimum this morning—34. Sunrise tomorrow—7:06 Sunset today—5:12. Precipitation last 34 hour! to 7:00 . m. todny—.34. Monn temperature (midway between Igh nnd low)—35. Precipitation Jan. 1 to <l»t«—S.41. Tlil« Dnlc Last Year Mnxtmum yesterday--65. Minimum ycrtcrday 3t. Precipitation January 1 to date— i.fl».
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