LE COURIER NEWS DOMINANT NEWSPAPER t* NORWIABT ARKANSAS AND 6ODTHIAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX— NO. 250 Blythcvlll* Courier BlyUMVllll Dally mm If tolssippi Valley Leader BlythevlUt Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1954 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Korean Peace Talk May Be Resumed UN, Red Liason Officers to Take First Step in Meeting Tomorrow PANMUNJOM (AP) — U. S. envoy Kenneth Young said today Allied and Red liaison officers will meet tomorrow in the first step toward resuming talks to set up a Korean peace conference — apparently on Red terms. The Communist asked Monday« Tor the low-level meeting but only to discuss a date for reopening preliminary talks broken off Deo. 12 by the United States. The allies replied Tuesday with a not* asking that the staff officers discuss both date and conditions for resuming the conference. The Reds answered with a new note Wednesday. When he first announced that the officers would meet Young said they would discuss the conditions. He did not release the text of the Red note, but praphrased it this way: "The Reds agree to a meeting. . . to agree on the date for political peace conference." When asked later about the ab sence of the word "conditions" in the paraphrase, Young said the latest Red note did not mention "conditions." but only the time of the meeting. Peiping radio said earlier the Communist liaison officers were prepared to discuss only the date and not conditions for resuming the preliminary talks. Peiping »ald: "The only condition required to reopen the discussion is that the Americans come back to the conference table. There can be no other condition . . ." No Details The Allied note to the Reds did not give any details of what conditions would be discussed. When V. S. Ambassador Arthur Dean broke off the preliminary talks in December after six weeks of haggling, he said he would not meet with the Reds again unless they retracted a charge of American "perfidy" (treachery,. The Reds have given no indication they will apologize but sources here have indicated the United States might accept something less than a full retraction in order to get the talks started again. Young said yeserday this is one of the things the liaison officers would have to "work out." Meanwhile, the Korean repatriation commission prepared to meet tomorrow on a secret Indian pro-, posal reportedly designed to solve the touchy.issue of releasing war prisoners 'by turning them back to the commands that formerly held them. The Allies demand that all prisoners be released after midnight Jan. 22 under the armistice terms. The Reds insist they be held until a peace conference can discuss their fate. Sw.iss delegate Armin Daeniker termed the Indian plan "the most human proposal." Sources here say the Swiss and Swedish delegates probably would vote for the Indian plan against the Communist Czech and Polish delegates. Charge Abduction In a meeting of the Joint Military Armistice Commission today the Communists charged that the U. N. Command is planning to "abduct" the anti-Red Chinese and Korean POWs Jan. 23 and repeated demands that they be held. The Allies rejected the Red proposal and repeated U. N. demands for their release. Peiping radio charged today that the "U. S. armed forces will force the Indian custodian force to open wide the (neutral zone) compound gates" Jan. 23 for the anti-Red prisoners. Quoting a Chinese POW turned over to the Reds yesterday, Pei- ping said camp "agents" would take control Jan. 23 and would kill "on the spot" any prisoner who tried to go back to the Reds. The U. N. Command has set up facilities south of the neutral zone to handle the exodus of prisoners, which is expected to take place with or without approval of the repatriation commission. A mass breakout is considered almost certain if the commission doesn't agree to free the POWs. The U. N. top commander, Gen. John Hull, returned to Tokyo today after a visit in Formosa and said he plans to be in Korea for the ..Jan. 23 release. Hull said he had reached agreement with Nationalist China's President Chiang Kishek on transferring some 14,000 anti-Red Chinese POWs to Formosa. In London, official sources said Britain has advised India to withdraw her custodian troops at midnight Jan. 2J to avoid being in a "false position." Light to Seek First Division Circuit Judgeship LITTLE ROCK Ifl - Charles W. Light of Paragruld yesterday filed a corrupt practices pledge as » candidate for nomination as circuit Judge of the First Dl ion of the Second Judicial District. Light now Is Judge of V. • same district's Second Division. The present First Division Judge, Zal B. Harrison of Blytheville, h»s announced he will retire at the end of this term. H. Q. Partlow oj Blrthevllle, now prosecuting attorney for the Second Judicial District, is * can- di<1<-te for thr Second Division rost now held by Judge Light. Assignment Said Made On Air Base April Is Still Goal For Letting Of Contracts Air Force assignment on Blytheville's air base has been made and plans for its reactivation are proceeding according to schedule, Arkansas congressmen revealed yesterday. Sen. John McClellan reported he had a "reassuring" talk with Secretary of Air Harold Talbott, who told him Blytheville reactivation is now in the process of going through / Force channels. And Representative E. C. (Took) Gathings in a letter sent to Blytheville citizens said "at this time it ir expected that the (Army) En- gieners will ask for bids about April for the first work." Unofficially, it was learned there is a possibility that another announcement concerning the Blytheville base will be made sometime next week. Word in Washington was that Blytheville has. been assigned to one of the air commands and the base's duty has been outlined. Gathln:j' Letter Here is the text of Mr. Gainings' letter: "The Secretary.of the Air Force advises me that plans for the Blytheville Air Base are proceeding according to schedule. "The Air 'Force Is" now in the process of preparing its directive formally authorizing the Corps of Engineers to obtain architectural e ~ineering plans and make preparations for actual construction Joi±. It appears that toe directive will be delivered to the Corps of Engineers within a short time. "At this time, it is expected that the Engineers w"" ask for bids about April for the fi-^t work. "With assurance that t. matter continues to have my close attention, I am Yours sincerely, E. C. Gathings." India to Begin Repatriation of PW's by Jan. 19 NEW DELHI, India (/Pi— Reliable Indian forces in Korea will start transferring unrepatriated prisoners back, to the commands which captured them at least three days before midnight Jan 22. That is the deadline which the U. S. Command says the armistice agreement specifies for all POW refusing to go home to be released to civilian status. By clearing out the prisoner compounds in the neutral zone before that time. India intends for the TJ. N. Command-not India to turn the North Korean and Chinese prisoners loose. Through this technicality the Indians hope to avoid Communist charges that India released the prisoners, an action the Reds strongly oppose. French, Reds Clash HANOI, Indochina. (IP) — French army headquarters reported fresn skirmishes today with Vietminh troops around Dien Bien Phu, Fighter planes and bombers hammered at rebel concentrations there on the northern border of Laos for the 20th straight ..day. SHOVELS AND SHIELDS — Workmen (top) shovel a four-inch snow from the steps of the Capitol building in Washington as the city dug out from under its second heavy snow of the winter. And as the snow hit New York (bottomr photo) a lone pedestrian at the normally-busy intersection of 42nd Street and Sixth Avenue carries a plastic shield to fend off the driving snow and freezing wind. (AP Wirephotos) County Farm Bureau Announces Program Mississippi County's Farm Bureau outlined its activities for the next six months when the group's executive board met at Osceola yesterday. The board also extended its cooperation to the Arkansas-Missouri Ginners Association in the latter's fight against the pink boilworm, which PB President Bill Wyatt said "could well put us out off business." Ed Teaford, Ark-Mo Ginners Association president, appeared before the board and asked they join forces with his association in combatting the insect which is moving from Texas into south Arkansas. Assures Help The board assured him it would do everything possible to gain legislation which will help curb the threat. Here is the schedule of events released by Mr. Wyatt today: Jan. 14 — House Committee on Agriculture meeting in Memphis to conduct hearings on cotton acre- ge allotments. Scheduled to attend and, perhaps take part in the hearing, are Mr. Wyatt, Hays Sullivan, Allen legraves, Vance Dixon, Charley Brogdon, J. W. Rader, Stanley Carpenter and County Asents D. W. Malloch and Keith Bilbrey. Want Post Approval County PB is interested in getting the 21-million acre allotment program okayed promptly by Con- fective for this year's planting. Jan. 27 — Drainage and irrigation meeting at 10 a. m. in Osceola, sponsored by University of Arkansas Agriculture Extension Service. A University of Arkansas drainage and irrigation expert will conduct the meeting. Farm Bureau will urge attendannce. Jan. 28 — Fifty county FB leaders are to attend a district leaders meeting at Arkansas State College, Jonesboro. Feb. 1 — County kickoff for membership drive. There will be a dinner meeting m Osceola at ncnn for south county workers with those in the northern half meeting at the Charley Rose home, Roseland, at 6:30. On the programs are discussions of the president's farm program and of additional allotments. Feb. 8 — Checkup meeting to report progress of membership drive. Feb. 15 — Second checkup meeting at Osceola with a program which will deal with factors affecting the Mississippi County farmer. March 4 — Extension Service farm management meeting, Blythe- theville, beginning at 10 a. m. Membership drive results are to be announced here. April 5 Board of Directors gress in order that it will be ef- meeting in Osceola at noon. Strike Vote Up to Congress-Ike • By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he is leaving up to Congress whether a workers' strike vote should be taken oefore or after a walkout. The President declined at his news conference to say whether he regards his proposal lor a strike vote as "must" legislation. Such a vote was among his recommendations he sent to Congress Monday in outlining a 14-potnt program for revising the Taft-HarUey Labor Relations Act. In his special message, the Pres- dent phrased his strike-poll Idea ;n gener&l terms. He said that since going on strike «nd thiu lot- Ing pay Is so important to the Individual worker, he should have t chance to "express his choice >y secret abllot bcld undtt gov- ernment auspices." This left it unclear whether the President had In mind a poll taken before a walkout or after the workers were on strike. Reporters were prime'd with questions on this uncertainty when Elsenhower met with them. First off, the President was asked to clarify whether the strike ballot system he proposed was intended to apply before a strike could begin. Declined Direct Answer Elsenhower declined to give a direct answer. He said In making the recommendation he was trying to establish a principle—that he carefully avoided spelling out exact detail* because that is the province of Congress. The President added he would accept anything along this line Ihnl looked to b* Ui« most practical and feasible under the circumstances. Eisenhower declined, also, to say whether he regards any of his Taft-Hartley proposals as "must" legislation. He declared he Is going to fight for his entire legislative program but he said he is not going to decide at this time which parts of it are the most and the least Important. In practice, most unions poll their members before striking, although there are some exceptions. Confusion arose when Chairman H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) of the Senate Labor Committee introduced legislation to carry out the Elsenhower program—»nd his bill provided that the government supervised vote be taken after the •M LABOR « P»|e « Ike Says He's Convinced His Farm Program Is 'Right One' Missco Figures Reflect State Relief Cost Decline By GEORGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) The expense of one of the major activities of the State of Arkansas — public welfare relief — is costing approximately $93,000 less per month than it did at the beginning of 1953, according to State Welfare Commissioner A. J. Moss. To Mississippi County, which received over one million dollars during the year for relief — third highest in the state — this meant a decline of nearly $20,000 per month. From the year's high of $95,850 in February, expenditure in the county began to decrease steadily until it reached a low of $75,616 in December — a reduction of more than 20 per cent. The decline in total number of cases, from 2.446 in January to 2,119 in December, constituted a drop of 327. -e decrease in welfare aid here was comparable, percentage-wise, to other counties and to the state as a whole, and is attributable largely to three laws passed during the 1953 General Assembly session and to a Welfare Department regulation concerning aid to persons engaged in seasonal employment or farming. The three laws, one opening the welfare rolls to the public, one regarding relative responsibility and one concerning parental responsibility, were credited with having closed 585 cases as of June 30, according to a vv'elfare Department report. ! * • • THE SAME survey showed that 2, 31 Aid to Dependent Children's cases were closed because of a department regulation adopted in April making persons engaged in seasonal employment or farming ineligible for aid to dependent children during the season of employment or until their income from that labor was exhausted. While the seasonal employment situation of this area may account to some extent for the reduction of welfare payments here during the year, the consistent decline indicates the influence of new laws and regulations was more than nominal. In only .one month, September, did expenditures rise above the previous month. Ranking third in the state, Mississippi County trails only Pulaski (Little Rock) and Jefferson (Pine Bluff) counties in number of cases and amount expended for relief. Grant County had the smallest welfare roll at the beginning of the year, but by December, Calhoun County had taken over .that position. Eastern Arkansas gener- allj' spends more for welfare than the western part of the state. * * * RELIEF AID' through the revamped program of the state Welfare Department is allocated to four categories: Old Age Assistance, .Aid to Dependent Children, Aid to the Blind and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. Old Age Assistance is by far the largest category. Of the 2,119 persons receiving ..id in Mississippi County in December, 1,720 of these were in the old age category. In other categories, 269 were listed nuder Aid to Dependent Children, 72 under Aid to the Blind and 58 under Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. Effectiveness of the new laws in paring the cost of public welfare See WELFARE on Page 12 Ike Tells News Conference Early Atom Talks with Russia Hopeful But Too Early to Tell By MARVIV L. ARROWSMITH Presid'ent"Eisenhower.'said .today this coimtiy,'s .preliminary encouraging, but it is too soon to tell whether the Soviets ;ASHTNGTON '(AP)" — atomic talks with Russia are are acting in good faith. . His reference to the atomic talks, which were an outgrowth of his proposal for an international atomic energy pool for peaceful purposes, came at a news conference in which the President also discussed important domestic issues. On the controversial farm program which he submitted to Con- rress last Monday. Eisenhower declared he believes it is workable and practicable. On his labor law proposal for a system of government-conducted elections among employes on the question of striking, the President said he would leave to Congress whether such votes should come Defore or after a strike has begun. Backs "tulles The President 10: 1. Said Secretaiy of State Dulles was only stating a fundamental ;ruth when he declared in a speech ast night that the United States has made a basic decision to meet any future Communist aggression by relying primarily on instant massive retaliation. 2. Laughed off an effort to find out whether he intends to seek a second term.. His political friends, Eisenhower added, have advised him never to deal with that subject. 3. Expressed confidence that the United States is achieving better balance in its defense forces every day. 4. Said regarding the controversial Bricker amendment on treaty making powers, that he never would subscribe to nny treaty or agreement which in anyway con- .ravened the Constitution. He indicated, however, that he and Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio), chief sponsor of the proposed constitutional amendment, have not been able to agree on a compromise. 5. Reported he had been advised by the Agriculture Department that it knows of no plan under consideration to sell butter and cottonseed oil to Russia. The whole matter of foreign trade Is under study, the President said, and he will announce his recommendations later. Under Study Government sources reported last night that a private exporter ias applied for permission to sell surplus butter and cottonseed oil See ATOMIC on Page 12 Site for Big 4 Meet Discussed BERLIN UP)— The four Berlin commandants met today today for the fourth time In an effort to reach agreement on a place for the Big Pour foreign ministers' meeting here called for Jan. 25. Soviet delegate Sergei Dcngin has opposed the Western. proposal to hold the conference in the former Allied control authority building In the American sector, and Informed sourcen expressed doubt he would rrlcnt at today's meeting fn the French nttdquarUrs in West Berlin. Reuther Witness Syrrenders ' Donald Ritchie Gives Up Quietly In Ontario Cafe KITCHENER, Ont. W—The five- day hunt for Donald Ritchie, fugitive key witness in the Reuther shooting case, ended early today in nearby Preston. Police said Ritchie walked quietly up to a reporter in a downtown restaurant and disclosed his identity. Two policemen from Detroit, where Ritchie eluded a police guard last Friday, were on their way to Preston to pick up Ritchie. Detroit Police Commissioner Donald Leonard said Ritchie had waived extradition and would be transferred to the U. S. at Windsor, Ont. , Leonard said Ritchie's common- law wife, . Betty White, would be released without charge. The woman had been arrested last night in Preston, about 150 miles northeast of Detroit. She told police Ritchie had planned to surrender after making contact with his attorney. Ritchie, a 33-year-old Canadian, had implicated himself and four others In the attempted assassination in 1948 of Walter P Reuther, now CIO president. Police described -Ritchie as a "key witness" in the solution of the case ... Donald Ritchie... Only one of the four others is still at large. Constable John Ford of the Ontario provincial police said Ritchie gave himself up to Dennis Harvey, a reporter for the Hamilton Spectator. Three Preston police were summoned to the restaurant and took Ritchie into custody at about 3 a.m. The search for Ritchie had switched to Toronto last night after a man identifying himself as the fugitive telephoned police here from Toronto about 11 p.m. and announced he would surrender If the Kitchener police turned the white woman free. There was no immediate verification in Kitchener that Ritchie had made such a call. Provincial police said he made no statement after he gave himself up. Now Up to House-Senate Group To Fix Cotton Acreage Ceiling By GORDON BROWN AP Special Washington Service WASHINGTON M — It's now up to a House - Senate conference committee to work out a compromise bill fixing the maximum acreage that cotton growers can plant this year. The Senate late yesterday approved a bill which would fix the 1954 cotton acreage .allotment at 21,319,000 acres — four million less than 1953 plantings, but 3>/ 2 million more than the figure set by the Agriculture Department. Last year, the House passed a bill setting the figure at 22>/ 2 mll- lon acres. The two bills differ In several other respects so the conferees must work out » measure acceptable to both branches. The Senate approved the bill after hearing southern and western senators discuss its effects on their respective areas. Both groups said the bill wasn't exactly to their liking. If the House and Senate can't »gre« on > bill, tht national allot- ment then would remain at 17,910,000 acres — the figure set by Secretary of Agriculture Benson when he called for production controls in 1954 because of the big cotton surplus.. Benson, however, recommended that Congress raise the total to about 21 million acres to cushion hardships that would be imposed by a smaller allotment. He said he was required by law to reach the lower figure. The House bill contains a proviso which southerners said they want In the Senate bill—one giving county cotton committees a choice of allocating t*ie county allotment to farms either on the basis of past plantings or on the cropland factor. Under this factor, an individual can plant no more of his farm to cotton than the ratio ol the cotton land In the county to the total crop land in the couny. Southerners hope to get the con- fe:-nc« committee to write this into Hit compromlM measure. Time Will Tell, He Says, If It's WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he is convinced his farm program is the right one. He declared, with reference to misgivings about it within his own party, that time will tell whether the program is politically feasible in an election year. Eisenhower gave his views briefly at a news conference less than 2* hours after some OOP senators had voiced doubt whether his proposed shift from fixed to uexible farm price supports could be adopted with a congressional election coming up, Over the long run, Eisenhower's plan— sent to Congress Monday — Would point toward declining government expenditures for farm aids. For one thing, it would permit the government to drop price supports as low as 75 per cent of parity compared with the 90 per cent support now given basic crops. In response to questions about the. political feasibility of the plan. the President told his news conference . he does not regard himself as too smart a politician. He went on to say -he does not believe anybody can study the farm program as carefully as his administration has studied it and still believe the present system is workable and helpful to farmers. He declared his conviction that the system he proposed will work. toward prosperity for agriculture. If it is not politically feasible to adopt this system, the President said, we williflnd that out. . Believes Plan Right. „ But in any case, he said firmly, he believes the "plan he put forward is the' right one. " farm, bill which retained the present fixed 90 per cent of parity supports, Eisenhower said with a grin he can never veto anything until Congress sends it to him. He added that much legislation is so complex it is impossible for a president to veto it simply because he does not. like a particular part of it. At the capital, some Republicans were talking fondly of Sen. McCarthy's proposal to set a 100 per cent parity price goal for the farm program. The Wisconsin Republican, stepping momentarily out of his role as the Senate's most vocal Communist hunter, appeared as a champion of the farmer with a plan to hike the 75 to 90 per cent flexible price supports suggested by President Elsenhower. The senator said in an interview he had touched off a heated discussion of the subject at a conference of all Repubican senators yesterday because he thinks government supports should not go as low as 75 per cent. They "ought to go higher than 90 per cent, perhaps even above 100 per cent «f parity," McCarthy said, adding: "I have no fight with President Eisenhower." For Full Parity During the 1852 campaign, El- senhower said the farmer is entitled to full parity— that Is, 100 per cent,— "but we're not going 'to write anything into a fixed law that can't be changed." The Republican platform came out for "a farm program aimed at full parity prices for all farm products in the market place." I did not pledge government supports at that level. Parity is a price, calculated by formula, said by law to give farmers a fair return on their products See EISENHOWER on Page 13 Weather XKANSAS — Cloudy and cold this afternoon; occasional light snow in west portion this afternoon; occasional light rain south and some light snow north portion and not quite so cold tonight; low tonight 22-32; T! '.rsday cloudy and warmer with occasional rain. MISSOURI—1 Ttly cloudy northwest, cloudy elsswhere this afternoon and tonight wi'.h snow beginning southeast and extreme south this afternoon or evening; continuing southeast portion and possibly changing to sleet tonight; considerable cloudiness Thursday with snow flurries northeast portion; not so cold tonigh' turning colder over mcst of state Thursday; low tonight generally In the 20s; high Thursday to 30s extreme south. Maximum ye»terd»y— 39. Minimum this morning—19. Sunrise tomorrow-.7 #1. Sunset today—5:11. Precipitation lut M twin «• t:00 a. m. today—none. Mean tempenture (midway btlwtem high »nd low)—22.5. Precipitation Jan t to tat*—1.1. Thl! D»te Lait Tor Maximum yesterday—M. Minimum yesterday—31, , Precipitation Jaauarjr 1 w 4*4*—l.W.
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