The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 22, 1897 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 22, 1897
Page 6
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CPPER DES ALGONA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 22, ^189?. HISTORY OF THE FAMOUS LUND MORTGAGES EXACTS fEOM SOME VEEY BACY CORRESPONDENCE. Pfeaclied " Soiind Honey" in His fcettei-s to Bnss, While Shontin* " Free with the Democrats at Home—It Ail Came Ont in the Trial of the Cases Last Week. Hie most interesting letter, written by C. L. Lund to L. D. Buss in Chicago was dated May 11,1896. It was bis' last letter. It was written about the time Lund was trying to be chosen as delegate to the Chicago convention as a Boies boomer, and was a shouting frea silver man. It shows how shrewd he was, for in Algona he was looked on as one of the wildest silver!tes, while Buss must have regarded him as a sound money man of the soundest kind. His letter was sound. After depicting the splendid condition of the crops, he says: "Surely everything now points to a bouncing, blooming, ripening crop and no wonder tha bears are squeezing the life blood out of the bulls at the present time and if these prospects keep on, all the buUs on LaSalle street will be too dead to skin in another month or two. You no doubt have noticed how we jumping Jacks out herein Iowa are howling for silver and Boies. I saw the band wagon approaching and Jumped on and got a hind seat and am yelling with the crowd, but my heartain'tin it for silver, and Boies won't drag us out of the quagmire into which we have fallen. Over-production is the trouble, too much stuff to find a market at remunerative prices, and of course the west suffers more or less from railroad taxation also. Factories mak- ingthe same classof goods may shut up shop indefinitely if the supply vastly exceeds the demand and wait until the supplies have been sold, but farmers can't do that, because the land must bring forth ite increase, and weeds will take possession if grain is not sown. Nature allows no nonsense, and the farmers know it, hence they are busy as bees working away as hard as ever, and if they get a crop this year equal to the one of last year. I doubt it will pay the cost of transportation from the missions to the Atlantic." The correspondence between Lund and Buss about selling the BUBS lands opened Sept. 15, 1886. In his second letter dated Sept. 21 Lund expressed a " If vou have concluded that I am a fool/I don't wonder," and tells how he ran 12,000 ahead of his ticket. He fore- swears politics, but in Nov. 1889, after be had been elected to the legislature, he writes again: " You can hardly understand it, but the fact is, I was the most presented man in northern Iowa all through the campaign, and it was impossible for me to remain in town for one -day peacefully. I had to sneak through back alleys to reach my home and dared not show myself on the streets. It was the most bitter and hottest campaign ever fought in Iowa, and I was forced into it by my party. I had no hope of success at the start, but those who pushed me seemed to understand the situation better, and I overcame an immense majority. * * * I venture to say that my struggles which in a small measure helped to bring about the wonderful results of this election in Iowa will not be without ultimate benefit to you as a land owner here, because I believe \ve will be able to wipe this accursed blasted prohibition off from our statute books this winter und Iowa will again have her share of immigration. An era of prosperity may be dawning on us. I certainly hope and believe so. I sold land here under license law at the rate of 2,500 acres annually. I never sold any to speak of under the prohibition law. If I did happen to sell a small piece it was to some temperance crank, who let it go back after a year or two." From Des Monea he wrote Jan, 29, 1890: "This thing is getting mighty monotonous and if it were not for my constituents and our project at Algona to got an appro priation for a normal school I should not be here at all. We have just passed from a temporary deadlock to a permanent one, and God only knows when it will end. I am sick of the whole performance long ago." Feb. 4, he writes again: "This thing here is a fraud. If it was not for the $5 a day I am getting I would go home and make my constituents release me. The railroads don't come to the front with their mileage very fast. I must pay my fare like any ordinary mortal, and so I thought if I could not handle tbis ng here without any help from you or anybody else I bad better mk my head." In the end however. he|bad to admit that he got a lawyer. Lund died July 2,1896. Hi? last letter was written, as before noted. May 11. As in all his earlier letters he was receipting for checks of $1,000. S2.0W, and even $3,000 sent him by Buss, in bis latest letters he is sending remittances with long explanations of the hard times, the terrible condition of the farmers, and his difficulty in collecting ia the money. In this la?t letter he tells of the auction sale ho had of his cows, and of the difficulty of disposing of farm stuff. At this time he had had $80,000 from Buss. Hebad paid back $40,000 and forged $110,000 of chattel mortgages. He had deeded away all of Buss' land, he had raised many thousands 5n Algona on forged securities. It had all gone without in the least releasing the strain. It is still the opinion of those who have the best right to guess that he speculated on the board of trade, when things began to look bad, and so became hopelessly involved. THE OOST OF A OAMPAIGH. Iowa Falls Sentinel: The expense which custom forces upon candidates for county office is really a great and growing evil. Things have come to auch a pass that when a man decides to run for one of the county offices he must at the same time prepare to buy his way to the pluce he seeks, at a cost to him of a sum in many instances equal to ivt least one-half the salary he expects to receive. Rockwell City Advocate: If the expenses of the campaigns were not so great there would be less temptation to resort to shady methods to win. The people have in their own hands the remedy. If voters continue to solicit candidates for cigars it may be expected that the evil will be continued. If they will not only cense to usk for them but decline them with thanks when offered, the practice will be stopped. This applies to other things besides cigars. The voters of Calhoun county, as well as every other county, owe it to themselves mid their own interests to reform this matter. TOMMY CRUSE, la Hard tnt* * Struck «nd Bloomed Ont. When I met Tommy first* his only asset was a serious danger, for his five underfed and underbred ponies were abont to be seized for orerdce taiea. I «mld not help Tommy with mOTey.bnt t tried to with advice. "Strike old Sam Ashbv for a coupler! hundred dollars, Isnj^wted. Sam Ashby was one of the rich"men of Hslena Mon., at that period and ran a small savings <*«*• Tom .; mv Grose "tried old Sam Ashby. All he" sot, however, was seme pretty tree talkT in which the banker assured Tom- nrv Cruse that he would rather throw | hi mosey into the home of his satanio must everybody." liking for the Germans: "lam aiming to locate Germans, and have two leading men from a German settlement in the central part of this state to look them over. I have no doubt they will make a clean sweep if we get them started." It was a bad year, and he located only one German. Dec. 3 he writes: " This has been the poorest year for land sales in Iowa I have ever seen. That's all I have done in this year of disgrace, 1885." In 1886 he broached the plan of loan- Buss' money, promising 12 per cent, on chattels. He had some compunctions, however, about guaranteeing them. Sept. 2,1886 he writes: " Chattel securities I don't want to guarantee, because I don't want to take the chances. The papers I put my name on as guarantor must be first class." In 1887 he opened the stock business on the farm east of Algona, and writes to Buss at length about the buying, which was for Buss. He was caught in a blizzard and his letter is a vivid description of our storms, dated Feb. 28: "After having been snow bound 25 miles out in the country and spending 48 hours in a bay stack with my team during the terrible blizzard of Friday and Saturday I managed to reach my office here this noon very badly used up, a couple of toes frozen and a face swollen and blistered by the piercing wind. I am hardly able to write, my feet hurt nle and my face burns, but I must do the best I can as I am alone in the office. I am really in severe pain all the time. Forty eight hours in a hay stack during a genuine Iowa northwestern blizzard is no fun and it takes a mighty good constitution to stand it. If it had not been for the hay stack I would surely have perished. I was five miles from any house when the storm overtook me in the southeastern part or Emmet county. Host one of my horses. He broke loose the first night and ran away in the blinding storm, got stuck in a snow drift only 20 rods from the stack and there I found him dead nearly, covered with snow, when I started to reach the house." The first of the big cattle sheds were built in the fall of 1887. How shrewd Lund was is shown in his report dated Dec. 21: "Those sheds cost more money than I calculated. Whether through poor management on my part, or to absence from home while they were being built, or some other cause or causes, I don't know, but tne fact is the sheds as they now stand cost $800 or $400 more than I estimated, and that's of course awful. I am ashamed of it and don't know how to excuse myself. Under the circumstances I think I ought to pay something towards the putting up of those sheds. •**«---** In this letter he refers at length to the stock on the farm, and again shows how his losses were pinching him for he says: "I am very anxious to get satisfactory results of this year's enterprises and want to make no mistakes if I can possibly avoid it. I cannotafford it. I have all my savings in this thing and God knows I cannot afford to lose much more than I have." Lund always refers to tho legislature as "this mob" and March 7 says " I with others tried the Bock Island folks for mileage, but they would not grant it." A beautiful note is included in the letter from Algona of Dec. 19, 1890. It was when his daughter Thekla died —a more beautiful child never lived: " I came home, Mr. Uuss, to find my two darling children sick of scarlet fever and vesterday I buried the oldest, my dear, dear, six-year-old Thekla, my precious child, my pride, my hope, Oh, God! On, God! You know, Mr. Russ, my home is my all. You knew my little Thekla, wasn't she sweet? The disease went to her head and she was sick only two short days. Excuse me for bothering you with my private sorrows, but I cannot help it." Eighteen hundred und ninety-two marked the downfall of Lund's disastrous stock business. It was during 1891-92-93 that nearly all the bogus transactions aired in court last week occurred. His letters all during this time picture the hard luck he was In with slock. Here is an interesting paragraph, May 18, 1892: " My old chum, Barney Devine, you perhaps remember, was taken to the state insane asylum this week, supposed to be hopelessly 'off.' His losses on cattle had been fearful the last four years or more, and it so worried the old man that he finally lost his reason and became so violent and unmanageable that he could not be kept at home. He is no doubt «30,00p worse off to Fort Dodge Messenger: We understand that one candidate's cigar bill during the recent campaign was S300, and he was only doing what has come to be considered the necessary thing, viz: To offer a cigar to every man with whom he talked politics during the campaign. As a treat it is as inoffensive as any, and of course, too insignificant to be called a bribe. But it has grown into a custom, and the candidate who does not wish to be called mean conforms to it. But it is all wrong that a campaign for a county office should necessitate an expenditure of $400 or $500. It is ruinous to a poor man who spends it and fails of election, and when a man has expended that much he becomes desperate in his determination to win by any means. majesty Sbaa lean it to such a drunken, shiftless fellow. Tommy Grow got the money, however. Three weeks later he located the great Dram Lammcnd gold mine. He knew be had a big thing, but somehow he conld make nobody believe in bis mine For years be worked at it, however, livinc'at times a dog's life. Once, while talking to a friend of mine, he fell forward unconscious. He had not eaten a monthful of food for 36 hours, and yet, with dogged persistency, had worked on till he fell in his tracks. At last his day came. He opened np a big vein and bad $1,000,000 to gence, his credit in a good safe bank. Hard thnt ' times over, he decided to pose as a "solid citizen," BO he opened a savings bank in Helena. One of the first men to apply to Tommy Crnse, banker, for a small loan was the one time banker, old Sam Asbby, now less prosperous. Then came to the old prospector the happiest moment of his life, one that wiped out all memory of starvation and privation. For Tommy Cruse, showing his would be customer to the door, assured that customer, in language too emphatic and graphic for English ears, that he would sooner throw his money into the house o£ his satanio majesty than loan it to such a drunken, shiftless fellow as Sam Ashby.—Cornhill Magazine. __ THE WELL MANNERED BOY. lift In Great Cltte*. And as to the tendency of the growth of great cities to enervate nations, there is no proof of it at all unless we identify the life of great cities with the passion for idleness and pleasure and self indulgence, which sometimes, but by no means universally, accompanies their growth. When you get a large proletariat living, as that of ancient Rome and possibly of Nineveh and Babylon did, on the alms of the rich and powerful, then no doubt yon have the conditions of a thoroughly unnatural and nn- healthful life, and no one can wonder at the rapid decay of such cities and of the nations which gloried in them. But Where the honest working class far outnumber the proletariat, where the middle classes of distributers and manufac- Don't Forget that we always have on hand all kinds of grain and ground feed bran, shorts, and oil meal at reasonable prices; also turers and professional men are laborious and energetic, and even the class that lives on its accumulated wealth contains a considerable sprinkling of serious and disinterested workers, we do not believe that there is the smallest evidence of any greater danger in the life of the agricultural village or the pastoral tribe. Indeed, we should regard Olive Schreiner's picture of the life of the modern Boers as indicating a condition of things more prolific of morbid elements, with its almost complete absence of any stirring or active intelli- than any kind of modern life that is honestly laborious at all. The Boer life is too sleepy, too destitute of stirring thought or effort, to be altogether natural. It needs at least twf old element of danger and necessary vigilance to render it even bracing.—London Spectator. COAL of all kinds and grades. Goods delivered to any part of the city H.L C. & N. W. Elevator. WATER OR JVO PA Y. IP. Artesian wen cocuuctor. T have the only cable steam drilling machine owueu In the county: sink wells for water supplv fortowns, cities, and railroads. Special attention to farm well work. Estimates made. I em- B loy only expert drillers. Address A. P alley, Algona, Iowa. Chas. j. Doxsee, He Is |K W FT*** MO v»»v £»»»— — "-O —a- It is not fair you shall suffer for my misdemeanors and mistakes." Lund's first bogus paper was made in 1887, after he had got well into stock feeding. All who knew his best side will believe that It was made to tide over. In Jan., 1888, he wrote Buss and in the following paragraph showed his state of mind: "I am well aware that a man who cares for his wife and children and is a little touchy about his reputation had better be most awful careful how be handles other people's property, and my nature is such that I can stand a loss myself, but being the cause of loss to men who have placed . confidence ia me crushes me right down, and hence untold sorrowing and anxiety at times. I hope and long for the day when I Shall not be obliged to handle other peopled .property, but will have enough of my own." In 1888. In September, BUBS had a diamond stolen In Algona. Lund consoles biro and asks "Why do people steal?" It was in 1888 that Lund was nominated for railway commissioner on the • 4 "•••• ticket. Re writes from ^ City: "tf Since I got Intp polities I find that I am npt my jpwn, boss. The party leaders are to obey orders they give we names and run me down in the new*P#per»« I atu ?* twee ? fee devil and the high waj and am in great l«bt which side toWnge. I wish every day that my party bM ^parea' my and con- flmd ifc honors upon some one more T"*r"^V *"^_ ~ T •*•*-* jiil 1 _ j._ _*»!»« n t\r%tnlnftaa worthy and more - t m- JfW- i from benflquar . I received stri Vwo tW 'fUUU »» WiO" «' day than four years ago. I think that's all but most pefple who knew his circumstances put his ItfSses much higher. He was the best judge of cattle and the smartest all- around dealer in cattle I ever met." In August, 1892, he writes: "My hogs will not make me even this year by a large sum of money. I don't care to tell how large." He says also he will not feed cattle: "I certainly cun better afford to have my plant lie idle than lose money." During that summer Lund was sick and expresses his opinion of the Algona doctors: "Fora period of about three weeks T was a very sick ])utchraan and did not improve until I got as mad as a Dutchman and kicked the doctor out of the house. These quack country doctors are a curse. They killed my dear child for me and have done their best to kill myself and wife too," Sept. 23, 1892, he writes: " It is all well enough for you to suy, ' do as you think. best and don't wait to consult me. 1 It is your property and I am nervous and fearful and ain bound to consult you when lean." April 9, 1894, Lund again refers to the liquor business: " Our county is agitated over tho new mulct license law the great solons at Des Moines passed this winter, and petitions for the establishing of drinking places here are vigorously circulated, but as the law requires 65 per cent, of all the voters to sign, we will, in my opinion, never get G drink of anything but slough water in this county." In August of '94 he writes ut length of himself and pictures the growing distress of mind he was clearly in: "I am tho greatest mortal on earth to worry and fret tind when I have the blues, as I have bad most all summer, I can't write. I am cross and often ugly and cannot state things as they are because I picture them a thousand times worse, and often to my own injury. I, have not lost any flesh, but my wife wys the wrinkles are coming and gray hair is coming. I don't like to squeal and do not want to be a calamity howler, but the fact is, this summer has been a ' corker,' » * For ibe past two or three years I have made no chattel loans lor anybody bwt you and myself, and every dollar I have put of your money I consider the same as a personal debt, and treat that way, and for some time it looked as it the depreciation In values might ruin me-not; a very pleasant prospect. Put U to not going to happen NOTESaABOUT NEWSPAPERS. C. E. Sinclair lias sold the Britt News. He has been making it u bright and newsy paper. The Reporter and Democrat at Emmetsburg are discussing- that always live issue, " who HesV" S. C. Higbee has sold the Renwick Times to A. S. Fulton and will go to Florida, where Mrs. Higbee's health is so much improved. After trying the semi-weekly the Carroll Herald says: The Denison Review is now published twice-a-weelc. More grief, and very little satisfaction to publisher and patrons. Through Cars to California. Persons contemplating a trip to California should be particular to see that their tickets read via the Northwestern line, and thus avoid unnecessary changes of cars and delays enroute. Personally conducted excursions to California leave every Thursday, For lowest rates, sleeping car reservations, maps, printed matter, and detailed information, inquire of agents Chicago & North western.-3516 Simply Charming, bnt Altogether Too Scarce. Is there anything more charming in this world than a nice, well mannered boy? I don't want to be hypercritical, but I must add, as I am a strictly veracious woman, that they are, alas, as rare as they are charming. Such a boy, the well mannered genius, thank heavens, I met not long ago, and my instant thought was, What a fine mother his must be. I know her by reputation, a celebrated'actress, who has carefully shielded her private life from the public, and my estimation of that woman immediately rose 60 degrees. None but a woman of culture, refinement and true nobility of character could rear a son whose every lightest word showed respect for women, innate good breeding, and, best of all, in this day of affected skepticism among the jeunesse doree, an honest belief in the existence of good among men and \?omen in general.' And I couldn't help thinking sorrowfully as I chatted with this delightful boy how few mothers really understand their meter. It's the most responsible work in the world, that of motherhood, and is entered into with the least training and preparation. Women are proverbially proud, vain, their masculine critics say, and I wonder whether they realize how they are reflected in their children? If they did, would they not make a greater effort to have reflected only their good points, their gentleness, breeding, and, above all, their faith in human nature.—Philadelphia Record. In 1895 Lund had lots of trouble (n up some, geale In Wesley, but • THE excellent crops this year have given an impetus to farming that has not been experienced for some time. Central Minnesota has felt the effects as much or more than any other section of the northwest, and hundreds of farmers have taken advantage of the opportunity to secure some of the low- priced but splendid lands being offered for sale by the Northern Pacific Railway company. See advertisement in another column.—28U3 Holiday Excursion. For the Christmas and New Year holidays excursion tickets can be sold to stations within a distance of 200 miles for a fare and one-third for the round trip. Tickets will be sold Dec. 24, 25, and 31, 1897, and Jan. 1, 1898, with final return limit up to and including Jan. 4, 1898. On Milwaukee lines. llomeseeUers' Excursion. Horaeseekers'excursion tickets may be sold to certain territory on Nov. 2 and 16, and Dec. 7 and 21, 1897. The selling rate will be one lowest regular first class fare plus $2. Your Holiday Trip can be made via the Northwestern line on excursion tickets which will be sold at reduced rates Dec. 24, 25, and 31, 1897, and Jan, 1, 1898, limited to Jan. 4, 1898, to points on the Northwestern system within 200 miles of selling stat- tion. For tickets and full Information apply to agents Chicago & Northwestern Ry.-38t3 THE DBB Moines Daily News Is of fered to mail subscribers at $1 a year The News publishes the associated press dispatches, telegraphic markets proceedings of tho Iowa legislature and congress and all the news of Iowa and the world for less than half the regular price of a daily paper. It is family newspaper of the highest class and employs a large staff of able writ ere, Including Judith Jorgenson, Ed win A. Nye, Jessie Lee Wilcox ana otbers. Send $1 to the News, Dei Moines, Iowa, and get the News i whole ypap, TgBe%etero "Gold Bugs" are gry |or more lo^p, farm, Iqani,, §j r^tes ROW, The Scaly Ant Eater. An animal made of tin plate, of the hape of an elongated fir cone, about iree feet in length, which crackles and nstles with every movement, is one of tie latest acquisitions of the Zoological ooiety of London. Its name is the pan- olin, or soaly ant eater, and it belongs o the same family group as the arma- illo and platypus. It has excited great Mention at the zoo, for it is — if we are orreotly informed — the first animal of be kind which has been exhibited here. Its home is where the termites, •white ants, are found, for the animal eeds on these destructive creatures and lossesses claws which are designed to >reak down their strongholds. The laws are also necessary for burrowing u the ground, for the pangolin exoa- •ates a cave for himself and his mate ight feet or so below the surface of he earth, and in this strange home one or two young are produced every year. Che pangolin at present at the zoo is 'ed upon ants and their eggs, and also exhibits a partiality for cockroaches scalded in milk. The scales with which its body ia covered are hard arid eharp is steel, and it can give a terribly outing blow with its powerful tail. It can coll its body up into a ball like a hedge- log when it so wills. — Public Opinion. Clerical Dunces. It is to be feared that clergymen who have entered the church through theological colleges are wretched scholars as a rale. The bishops have lately found it necessary to insist on au entrance exam (nation on general subjects before admission to a theological college owi be granted, and the results have been decidedly startling. The requirements are Almost ridiculously elementary — a cou pie of books of Xenophon'a "Anaba lis, " some quite easy Latin, two books of Euclid and so forth. Nevertheless, it is stated that a large number of candidates for orders are so grossly ignorant that they have been uuuble to get through this exceedingly easy ordeal.— London Truth. Contributors to Magazines. One contributor states that he is a "gentleman" wishing to go abroad on a historical and antiquarian tour through Normandy, the only difficulty being that he has not sufficient means to accomplish his object. He therefore requests my faeher to send him £12 at once, and he, the writer, will immediately start and contribute gratuitously, he says, to The Cornhill an account of his journey. He trusts that if my father cannot do this he will make some other arrangement. The contributor thinks of going by Eoneu, Oaen, Bayenx, St. Michel and returning by Tours and Orleans. "You will perceive," he says, "that this is au original tour and contains many interesting points." "Honored and admired sir," writes another in Johnsonian language from the depths of the country, "in the writer of this letter you would behold the unlucky, unfortunate and nnworthy contributor of some poetical subjects to your influential and extensive Cornhill Magazine. Indeed, I have but received a day or two ago such a piece returned. I now try my hand at prose and send you a paper for the May number of the magazine." (The letter is dated March 27, and the editor and printers would have to bestir themselves.) "If the manuscript is returned," says tho author, "I will send the postage necessary. May such a contingency be far off."— Cornhill Magazine. Neighbors Only. A car was going through the Lasalle street tunnel, says the Chicago Tribun^ when the conductor began to collect the fares. About half way down the car sat a prim, elderly woman. Beside her was a curly headed boy, with a mischievous expression in his blue eyes. The woman paid her fare. The conductor hesitated. "That boy's over age, madam," he said. "What do you mean?" she asked. "He's over 6 years old." 'Why, I guess he is," she said, turn- ng around aud looking at him. The boy laughed. "And he takes up a seat the same aa jigger folks," the conductor went on. "So he does," replied the lady. "Madam, you'll have to pay his are." "I don't see why," indignantly. "He's your boy, and"— The small boy conld no longer restrain himself. "I don't belong to her," he said, .aughing, and ho gave the conductor lis nickel, but the woman somehow didn't seem to enjoy the mistake. IE3ea,l Estate, axid. Office In Geo. C. Call Building. DR. L. A. SHEET/,, Drugs and Medicines. Full assortment always on hand of drugs, med clnes, and pjire liquors for medicinal purposes only. Boolco a.xxcL Stationery. DR. PRESTON, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat reason. Citjr, Icrwa. Operations performed. Diseases treated. Spectacles titled. be at Algona SHELLY & PETTIBONE, Head Stones, Monuments, MARBLE ^~See us before you contract. GET WATER OR NO PAY. at a Doctor— Don't be alarmed. I was sicker than you are a year ago, and with the same trouble. Today I am Patent (8n«i9u4y)«*rQUi doctor, tell WW The undersigned has a complete Steam Cable Well Drilling Outfit, and solicits the making of deep or shallow wells on the terms above stated. D. R. PRAZEE. The State University OP THE SEVERAL DEPARTMENTS Witt ber/in tlie year 1897-98 September 15. A King Out of a Single Diamond. A ring exhibited at the Antwerp exhibition was the admiration of diamond cutters and merchants, being the first successful attempt to cut a ring out of a single stone. There are a great many difficulties in this method of cutting diamonds, as the stones have a Certain cleavage and particular veins, all of which have to be carefully studied in order to prevent splitting just as success seems within reach. After several unsuccessful attempts and three years' labor the feat has been accomplished by the patience and skill of M. Antoine, one of the best; known lapidaries of Antwerp. The ring is about six-eighths of an inch in diameter. In the Marlborough cabinet there is a ring out out of one entire and perfect sapphire.—Edmund Russell. For particular Information as to the respect Ive departments address as follows: Collegiate—Charles A. Schaerter, president, °Law—Emllu McClain, chancellor, Iowa City. Medical—E. W. Roc Uwood. M. !>., secretary of faculty, Iowa City. „ Homoeopathic Medlcal-J. G. Gilchrlst, M. D., registrar of faculty, Iowa City. Dental-W. S. Hosford, D. D. S., secretary of the faculty, Iowa City. Pharmaceutical—E. L. Boerner, Ph. Or., aean of faculty, Iowa City. .. Expenses in all departments are reasonable. Cost of board in private families, ».» to So per week; in clubs, $2 to $2.50 per week. ,, For catalogues or for general information address .-.r-.trc-n CHARLES A. SCHAEFFER, President. Legal Blanks A Sharp Little Girl. A poorly clad little village girl went into a stationer's shop the other day. She wished to buy some writing paper and finally was shown some at 15 cents a quire. "How much will half a quire be?" she inquired in a plaintive little voice, "Ten cents," replied the assistant. "If you please, I'll take the other half. "—San Franoisoo Chronicle. The Cold Shoulder. "To give the cold shoulder" is said to have originated in a practice once common in France, and during Norman days in England also. When a guest had outstaid his welcome, instead of the haunch of mutton or venison usually served at dinner, a cold shoulder or mutton was placed before him as « hint that he had better go. The first American ,oojlege was Yard, which was opened to receive »tu- Newton, Real Estate Mortgages, Warranty Deeds, Quit Claim Deeds, Leases, Cash or Share Kent, Real Estate Contracts, Bill of Sale, Chattel Mortgages, Satisfaction of Mortgage, Grass Leases, Notes, A full stock of these are kept constantly S® A hand ana for sale by the dozen, hwudrea, or}» j, larger quantities, at The Upper Des NEWS SQOK, JOB PRINTING HOUSE,

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