The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 8, 1897 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 8, 1897
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Page 4
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THE DBS : ALGONA, TOWA. WEDKE8DAY, DECEMBER S, 1897. IS ttSB EXA3SH OF 0X733 Grand Annual Holiday Opening FULL HARP ORCHESTKA^play <™ute * -vpn pach ladv We visited the eastern markets very early this year, thus *» " ~* 1 * ^ **"* "" ta8 """ EHLERS & FALKENHAINER, Remember we are the only firm in the city marking their goods in plain figures. DEUTSCHE APOTHEKE. DINGLEY & PUGH, UP-TO-DATE JEWELERS. Terms to Subscribers. One copy, one year Blx months Smithy draft, money order, or express or- '^Rateg'o'i advertising sent on application^^ THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. President McKinley's first message to congress is a good public document. It deals with a few important things, deals with them cautiously and fairly, is not dogmatic in tone. It is a model of wise and temperate discussion of vexed questions. His specific recommendations are few and are fortified by a full presentation of facts. President McKinley has not disappointed the high expectations of the people. favored townships in Kossuth county for local purposes will cover nearly all that congress and the legislature put upon either. What is true of Kossuth is true of every county in Iowa. And yet because the road boss anc\school director get only a small tot / sum, while a congressional appropriation runs into millions and a state appropriation into hundreds of thousands, the burden of taxation is never discussed except to blame the national or state administration. The total revenues of Iowa amount to exactly 99 cents a head for the population each year at the present rate of THE BTJUDEX OF TAXATION'. The newspapers are again engaged in magnifying the importance of the legislature to the tax payer. No one can over-estimate the importance of the legislature to the citizens of the state as citizens. But when Iowa citizens are looked at exclusively as taxpayers, the legislature is about the most insignificant public body there is. We have been able to find but one set of officers that have less to do with the expenditure of the money raised in Kossuth county by taxation. There is a committee appointed by the board of supervisors to expend one-tenth of mill for the relief of old soldiers, called the soldiers' relief committee. It is the only official body that has to do with paying out the nearly 5200,000 levied in Kossuth, that cuts less figure than our representative and senator. Every one else from road boss to school director spends dollars for the public where our legislators do not in many cases spend cents. The actual relation ie best illustrated by putting our various money spending officials side by side with the amount of taxes controlled by each. In Algona, for instance, our levy for the past year has been 55 mills. Here are the various avenues through which it is scattered: Mills. Soldiers' relief committee J |° Legislature 10 i IQ County supervisors ^ iv City council 04 Cityschool board It is in no way a reflection upon the honor that has been conferred upon Mr. Farley, nor upon the wide field of usefulness" to Iowa that he enters, to point out that the street commissioner of Whittemove is a personage of much more importance to the tax payers of Whittemore than he is. Neither will Senator Funk feel hurt to be reminded that every township road boss in his district handles about twice as much of the local tax payers' money as he does. The mere fact that it sounds strange to say BO shows into what an absurd way of discussing the burdens of taxation the newspapers and reading public . have fallen. The school board spends nearly ten times as much as the legislature does of Algona money, and yet, as Senator Funk has pointed out, there is practically no publicity nor public inquiry about the matter from voting the levy to reporting what is done with the money. Half the fruits of taxation are handled by school boards and school trustees, but they alone of all • public officials are not required to pub- " _ A _ "fcT — .«n «n nr\tta fV( fl t". taxation. It costs the people of Kossuth county on an average with the rest of the state 99 cents a year to keep Iowa and Iowa institutions in running order. The direct tax by counties is only 66 cents a year to each. Thus Kossuth with 20,000 people pays about 513,000 state tax. The remainder that makes up the 99 cants a head is what is levied on corporations, notaries public, etc., etc. This is all there is of the state tax problem, and here is all the money that the legislature has anything to do with. This is what covers the state debt and the whole range of state expenditure—exactly by direct tax 66 cents to each man, woman, and child in Kossuth—to the editor of THE UPPER DBS MOINES one-fourth of what he pays each summer to someone to work out his road tax.' And yet papers like the State Register are discussing dropping the state levy from 2 7-10 mills to 25-10 mills, regardless of the needs of the state, as though it were of vital importance. They do not know what the rate of assessing property under the new revenue law is going to give the state as its total assessment, and they make no account of the wonderful growth in the various state institutions which are dependent upon annual appropriations for support. Consider this one item. In 1889 the total inmates at all the colleges, asylums, penitentiaries, etc., supported by the state, was 6,703. In 1897 the number was 9,857, nearly double in eight years. The expense of providing for these does not decrease perceptibly in proportion as the number increases, as anyone who has watched our local schools will understand. Iowa's necessary expense, if the state intends to maintain its grade of efficiency, has more than doubled in eight years, while the total assessment of the state has not materially increased, and while a 2 5-10 mill levy is exactly what the state had 30 years ago. It is wholly absurd to discuss a one- tenth or two-tenths mill tax levy as though that were the paramount thing with the legislature. The paramount thing with the legislature is to see that what Iowa attempts to do is done well. Here is where the legislature comes into its real dignity, into its broad field of usefulness—that Iowa may stand among the states as an example of economical and honest administration on one hand, and the patron of educational, benevolent, and reformatory institutions absolutely unexcelled anywhere on the other. Whether this costs 2 5-10 or 2 7-10 mills, so long as the money is honestly used, is absolutely trivial and unimportant. It is time that this whole matter of taxation should be discussed with some sense of proportion and with respect to the eternal fitness of things. When it and "the Dingley bill is a failure." The Ke- vada Representative has published some statistics of comparison between the Dingley and Wilson bills for the same period that show exactly the contrary. The Dingley bill during its first four months produced a little over $90,000,000 in revenue, tbe Wilson bill during its first four months but $83,000,000. The Wilson bill succeeded tariff rates that were higher, therefore shippers held back until the rates were lower and the first four months of the Wilson bill were favorable to large revenues. The Dingley bill has succeeded tariff rates that were lower, therefore shippers got in every thing they could before the new law went into effect, making Us first four months very unfavorable to large revenues. Practically no sugar or wool -have yet been shipped in under the new law. When the customary importation of these two articles alone is resumed, as it must be soon, the revenues will be so materially increased as to fully vindicate the Dingley tariff. Senator Funk says the state debt must be paid, and that the coming legisla- lature must provide the means. His declaration meets with universal commendation. A Philadelphia paper says Dolliver and Lacey of Iowa are two of the four most rapid talkers in congress, and publishes their pictures. Geo. E. Roberts presented the strong side of the bank currency argument in his Des Moines speech. There are two reasons why the bank system is not likely to be tried: The people will never consent to perpetuate a big bonded debt as the basis of a currencynsystem; the whole tendency is towards the public running the public business rather than towards leaving the public business to pi'ivate management. The Eagle Grove Gazette says of the curfew bell business: " It is a burlesque on modern civilization, where a town or city council finds it necessary to employ the police force to regulate homes and manage children." Joseph Smith, only son of the founder of Mormonism, is going to toll about his non-polygamous colony at Lamoni, Iowa, in the January Midland Monthly. He is now an old man. He never joined the polygamous Mormons who went to Utah, but stopped in Iowa and has run a Mormon church of his own. According to Burrell Bob Ingersoll is a "back number." Congressman Perkins is sure that congress will not wait much longev for Spain to bring about peace in Cuba, no matter what President McKinley recommends. pect to join him there the first of the year, leaving Fort Dodge shortly after Christmas. The Champion s:iys Lawyer McEnroe may leave Whittemore and locate in Minnesota. Mr. McEnroe says he knows nothing of it. The Post publishes a picture of the handsome new Constance house at Blue Farth City. Mr. Constance has been landlord in Blue Earth for 40 years. The News says a brakeman on the Minneapolis & St. Louis lost three fingers at LuVerne last Wednesday by getting them pinched in a coupling. LivermoreGazette: Algona thinks of petitioning the council for a curfew bell to ring the children off the streets at 8 o'clock. This question does not trouble Livermore. The luds do not loaf the streets. Bailey: A Kossuth man tried to have his wife adjudged insane and send her to Independence. She proved him to be seven kinds of a fool, an idiot, a son of a gun and a brute, who ought to serve at least 114 years in state's prison. Mrs. Carlisle of Whittemore will sue the Milwaukee road for damages sustained while getting oil a train a few weeks ago. She 1ms S. S. Sessions and Geo. W. Areo as attorneys. It is reported that she may lose an eye. She is a sister of Mrs. E. N. Weaver of Al gona. Burt Monitor: L. C. Smith and wife returned a few days ago from a visit a E. B. Eddy's at Humeston, down in loliday Goods, New, Novel. .argest and Finest Line. As Low as Possible. PRICES-! In Plain Figures. The Same to Everybody. E. & F. Drug Store. EHLERS & FALKENHAINER. UUUi.lv vn*v.*«..»~ —- - - - Hsh itemized reports. Newspapers that print columns of ringing editorials about a one-tenth mill state tax do not have room usually to publish even the annual school treasurer's report that makes a stick full of matter, and readers who get much excited over a state debt that amounts to eight-tenths of a mill do not care enough about a 24 mill school levy to attend the town meeting that votes it. The worst result of this absurd method of discussing taxation is that the people are fooled all the time as to the real cause of their burdens. They are 'continually Warning congress and the 0tate officials for taxes that are levied pn there in their own township meetings. It is a fact that one township In SCpsswth county has this last year cut off in local taxes 13 mills, a large part pj all the state and nation together cost its (plttzene. It is a fact that the differ levies ot two Shaw's official majority is 11,079. His plurality 29,885. J. Fred Meyers wants Dolliver to fill Objector Holman's shoes in congress, at least in a way. He says congress needs a " watch dog of the treasury." Senator Allison eays he does not share in the president's despairingjview of our currency. He thinks it unlikely that there will be any currency legislation. The key note of the first message that President McKinley sends to congress is the following statement, referring to the Wolcott commission: " It is to be earnestly hoped that their labors may result in an international agreement which will bring about recognition of both gold and silver as money upon such terms and with such safeguards as will secure the use of both metals upon a basis which shall work no injustice to any class of our citizens." Obscured as the fact is at present the solution of the money problem lies in the restoration of silver by the commercial woi-ld. Cj, LJ, AJUVi y o t*u .«..»."«-»» — -*-•— — T Wayne county. He reports them wel and contented and that the Missour land has all been disposed of. Thos Hanna and wife also went down with them and are visiting a brother a Promise City, which is in the sam county. Sidney S. Brown, a young man of 22, met with a sad death near Corwith. He was digging in a tile drain about 10 feet deep. The dirt caved in on him and he was found standing up with his hand on his spade. It took 20 men nearly three hours to extricate him. He was the son of M. G. Brown, an old soldier of the Fourth Michigan which captured Jeff Davis. Emmetsburg Tribune: TheG. A. R. post of Algona hns been given a condemned cannon by the ordinance department at Washington. The gun will be placed in the soldiers' square in the cemetery there. Henry Dillon post should make application for one of these old cannon. Few posts in this new country have laid to rest a greater number of comrades than has Henry Dillon post. Pocahontas Record: Misses Grace and Norma Gilchrist very pleasantly entertained a few friends on Monday evening at the home of Mrs. C. A. Charlton in honor of Miss Maggie _G. Hogan. One feature of the evening was that each guest was given a card upon which were written his or her initials. A list of questions was asked to be answered by wordsbeginning with the initials of each one, and some very amusing and clever answers were the result. Wait for our Opening, Dec. 13.- At Cost. 150 Ladies' Jackets and Capes. 25 Misses' and Children's Jackets and Cloaks. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. is, members of the legislature will understand that what the public expects of them is the maintenance of the dignity and credit of Iowa, and not a tup- penny attempt at record making on a tenth of a mill basis. When it is, every citizen will take proper pride in seeing his state in the front rank in all its public activities, realizing the small cost to him of having it there. When it is every citizen will begin to give that attention to the purpose of local tax levies and the manner of expending township funds that they deserve. When it is, the real reform in the matter of cheapening the cost and improving the quality of the public service will have been begun at the right end. , NEWS 4HD COMMENT. The Courier in several editorial paragraphs ft986rts that "tbe Plwpley bill eo far IB a disappointment as a revenue getter" \ Chas. Witham got his arm hurt while boxing at Hobart. Rev. S. H. Taft of Humboldt has gone to California for the winter. Forest City is getting up an expensive lecture coui-se. The people are all buying tickets. Company L of Sioux City has 10 sharpshooters and 12 marksmen. That is a good record. Mrs. Phil Hanna started for Porto Rico Thursday. Her father went to New York City with her. D. C. Chase of Webster City has gone to Hot Springs for the winter. Insomania and nervous break-down. Charlie Taylor teaches in the Korreot district up in Harrison township. That ought to be a pretty good district for a teacher. W W. Titus of Whittemore will spend the winter in the south. He has recently sold a cob pipe factory over in Deeoran. Hon. J. P. Dolliver left for Washington Thursday to be present at the opening of congress Monday. Mrs. Dolliver an4 his father, Rev. J. J. DolUver, e,x- NOTES ABOUT NEWSFAPEBS. The Des Moines Capital is feeling good over 1,118 new subscribers secured outside of Des Moines in one month. David Brandt, one of the leading members of the last legislature, will edit the Clinton Herald. Frank W. Mahln goes to Bohemia as consul. He has a good men to take his place. The Estherville Democrat has enlarged and raised its subscription to $1.50 a year. It was worth that at its old size. It is one of Iowa's brightly edited and handsomely printed papers. The Denison Review is now a bright semi-weekly. Will Meyers has put lots of life into the paper, and his father still continues his vigorous editorial column. The Review is one of Iowa's strong 'papers. The Nevada Representative has been publishing some letters from the south that have stirred up the war blood down there. Its correspondent had to deny that he wrote them, or be ridden out of Mississippi on a rail. The Midland Monthly enters its fifth year with assured financial success. It is now recognized by the eastern advertising agencies, and that settles the matter. In every other way it has been a success from the start. The State Register celebrated its 28th birthday, Sunday morning by using better paper, better ink, or something, for it was strictly metropolitan in appearance. The Register is sometimes an irritant and sometimes a counter-irritant, but we like the Register. At wholesale prices until all are sold, These goods are all of the latest styles, but as we are overstocked we decided to close the entire lot out at cost. So come early and get first choice. Yours truly, Jno. Goeders. It's a Mistake when contemplating the purchase of Christmas presents Through Cars to California. Persons contemplating a trip to California should be particular to see that their tickets read via the Northwestern line, and thus avoid unnecessary changes of care and delays enroute. Personally conducted excursions to California leave every Thursday. For lowest rates, sleeping car reservations, maps, printed matter, and detailed information, inquire of agents Chicago & North western.-35t6 to think that the hardware store is not the proper place to find suitable presents for those whom you desire to remember. In the by-gone days when, with the thought of a hardware store was associated wash boilers, mops, dish pans, and stew kettles, we must admit that the hardware store ought to have been the last place to go to get a Christmas present. But there has been as great an evolution in the modern hardware store since then as there has been in the field of science. Suitable presents may be secured for every person bonnd to you by any tie of affection— presents useful, durable, and beautiful. Do you think your wife would object to a nice nickle-plated coffee or teapot to use on her table at the Christmas dinner? If you think she would we have a dozen other articles in nickel ware that For grandma what would he more appropriate than a pair of our warranted shears with which she could cut paton- es for the little clothes? Grandpa. with a good knife, could make tops ana all sorts of things to please 'the boys. In fact a nice knife is something appro oiated by anyone. The old superstition that it CUTS the friendship between tne giver and receiver was buried witli «w last victim of the Salem witcbcrafS craze. So no young man need nesiww about buying his best girl a nice peari handle penknife on that account. « will pay you to visit our store our display of nickel goods and whether you intend to purchase or DOW It may prevent you from becoming : »»« nwff. the old oaken bucket, concerning nwff. ern conveniences, and be the m ®f ~ J3 assisting you in solving the problem w Christmas Presents. any housewife would be glad to possess. O. M. DOXSE&,

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